Newspaper Page Text
H .M , THE DI8IRIT f ll.M X R - ..Saturday, 1 august -5f - -1908.
B: i in . p H 1 Of all the people k the f 1 world who M Ought Not I tokwkbcmtaMBQH 1 m Telephone m I It is the Farmer! M ' There arc ifcnee wben a frU- M pboae is ao much needed, that C B bag without it might aknoetC M ba ckseur Ha criminal egX- H gence, H Whatever the emergency rnarm H b, if a telephone at hand, aid M M oaa b aurnmened instantly. W H Oftimaa the rnfcmtea the! eared murk the AvkKng Ikia be-m tween loaa of Ufa and property, ad-4ta preeerration. m H S la yoar kotiaehold preparedV H for eraergenciee -Have you a 7 H , BELL telephone? M H Gat a "BalT nowDon't pro-B j , craatkwta and regret f I i H Everybody eietj where rioge , THIS BaU. 1 1 Rocky MoMtttaia Ml 1 I TsitpkoMt Co. 1 1 I iMimanMiJil H THE SCENIC LINE H Connecting at Ogdea Union Depot with all tOUTHERN PACIFIC AND OREGON SHORT LINE TRAINS. Tha Only Transcontinental Line Pawing Directly Throuch Salt Laka City. JBplaaalaly aa(W Faat Jfc Trakas Dally fcetweeei ( Ogden and Denver Via Three Stparata ad ll I DiaaiaKi Sceaic Xxwtea. W THROUGH PULLMAN AND ORDINARY SLEEPING CARS, DENVER, OMAHA, KANSAS CITY. ST. LOUIS AND CHICAGO WITHOUT CHANGE. FREE RECLIN- ING CHAIR CARS. - - - H Paraonally Conducted Kxcac- b atone, DINIMQ CABS, SEBVICX A LA CATE OK ALL THROUGH TISAJNS. H For raAee, folder, to Hhat- tratad booklets, ato, kqttkw of your naaraat ticket agaac, apad- tying the Rio Grande Kotrtt, or aiddrees If X. K BENTOH, H O.A.I.D, Salt Lake City. Hi DR. W. H. STROTHER, O. D. Authority on Eye Troublea Broken Leases Duplicated By Mail ALL WORK GUARANTEED Call, or Write to Me if Your Eyes Trouble You. Examination and Consultation Free Wi th C. E. W. BOWERS, Jeweler 73 Main St, Salt Lake City aa ; ; He Who Travels I VIA THE J PASSES THROUGH THE 1 i BEST DRY FARMING f DISTRICTS IN UTAH 1 AND NEVADA. 1 FOR INFORMATION RE- 1 i GARDING RATES AND 1 ; LAND WRITE OR CALL f ON ff J. H. BURTNER, D. P. A. 1 (xte Main St, Safe Lake Ciay. f m0m0mmm0mmi0m OFFICIAL DIRECTORY UTAH BEE-KEEPERS' ASSOCIATION. President, E. S. Lovesy, 3SS Sixth East Street, Salt Lake City. First Vice-President, R. T. Rhecs, View, Weber County. ' Second Vice-President, W. Belliston, Neplu Secretary, A. Fawsoa, Grantsville. Asst. Scc'y, Jas. Neilsen, HollidayT County Vice-Preaidents: 9alt Lake W. C. B ergon, Mill Creek. Utah George Hone, Payson. Wasatch J. A. Smith, Heber City. Davis H. J. Butcher, KaysvHlc. Box Elder J Hansen, Bear River City Tuab. Thomas Belliston, Nephi. Washington J. L. Bunting, St George ' Cache Nephi Miller, Providence, Morgan T. R. G. Welch, Morgan. Em. -Chris Ottoson, Huntington. ' Carbc. W. H. Horsfcy, Price. Sevier R. A. Lowe, Austin. Sanpete Walter Cox, Fairview. Wfcbar Mra R. T. Rkeaa, View. DcBonzck- Huntzc S Engravers and Electrotypes Successors to DE BOUZEK ENG. CO., a7-9 W. South Temple St SALT LAKE CITY , i - . THE HOMB This Department w Edited by Miss Hazel Love of the Agricul tural College. THE HOUSEFLY. By Prof. E. G. Titus. The hou-icflics with their buzz' and hum and continual effort to be every where but where we want them. Tho pest of the Jritchcn, the troublesome disturber of an afternoon nap on a hot day, the unwelcome visitor a.t the dinner table, tiro carrier of typhoid. Why do we have them with us? Cer tainly not because we need them, since they play a decidedly unneces sary part in tho life of modern man kind. It is true that to some extent they can be classed as scavengers, but the things they breed in should not be left for thoir young to feed upon. Wc can care for the refuse ourselves to imuch better advantage and ire a much 'more thorough man ner. Not all the flics in the house arc houscflics, but more than ninety-eight in every hundred belong to that par ticular species known as the housefly, (Muscn domestical L.). The house fly, a medium sized grayish flynvith traces of darker bands' on ' its back, has mouth parts fitted only for suck ing up liquid suWstancos and' cannot pierce the skin, though they do rrcikc themselves very troublesome by mov ing their isprcadout mouth parts over one's flesh. It breeds principally in horse manure, sometimes in door-yard filth and in human excreta, cuml it X probably occurs in nearly 'every part of the world where man has lived. While houscflies arc incapable of biting there does occur in the house ait t mes another fly commonly called "The Stablefly" which has its mouth parts constructed on the same prin ciple as the mosquito, that is, adapted ,for piercing through the skin andihus doing what wc ordinarily call fflit ,ing." The old saying that "flies bite nvorse before, a rain'' simply means that this species makes its'elf more than ordinarily prominent a,t such times, numbers of them -often attempt ing to t in the house before storms, Breeding in and feeding uponiu jm4 S&..Jiefly the opportunity to distribute the germs of several intestinal troubles, especially typhoid fever. The disease germs arc carried into the house on the feet and mouth parts? of the fly and distributed to our food supplies in the kitchen orat mcal-timc to our prepared food1. The rapidity with which houscflies incr-asc is almost incredible. Twelve hundred houscflies may be bred from one pound of hor.se manure. In one cubic inch of manure there has been ' found two hundred of the puparia of this fly. In the summer from the last ' of June onward a generation may be completed in ten days. According to Dr. L. O. Howard, eggs will liatch in eight hours, the larval period (the feeding period) lasts five days aaid the pupal, or resting stage five days. Ten daysl . Three generations a month 1 The average number of eggs laid by one fly is 120. Thus with the earlier generations taking from 14 to 20 days to develop and the Inter ones but ten days the offspring of a single female that lived over winter in some undisturbed fold of a curtain may in one summer reach numbers scarcely comprehensible. Fortunately nature docs not leave even the housefly un disturbed in its attempt to populate the earth; many flics die before eggs arc laid, a prey to disease, to other insects, to small animals and man; many more eggs fail to hatch, incred ible numbers die in the larval stages, from lack of sufficient food or the presence of enemies. But even with all of these controlling agencies, in oi'dcr to properly protect himself, man must use measures to decrease the numbers' of- the pest. Remedial Measures. The former can adopt a fcv meas ures that will readily and cheaply re duce the numbers of flies. Concerted action upon the part of a community will reduce the numbers still more and when the villages and towns be gin to take up the work we will see fewer flies andl there will be less ty phoid fever and kindred diseases. A thorough and careful screening of windows and doors is necessarily a proper precaution. Supplement this with the use of sticky fly-paper and you have considerable relief in sight. A sinall dish of formalin on the window-sill will work wonders in