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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, August 22, 1908, Image 14

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I; 14 THI DI81R1T FARMER Saturday, august a, i9qs, 1
Chemical Problems Prof. Robert
H Stewart, A. C. U.
I " '
H -"It Is absolutely essential to sue-'
as F
H cess tliat we secure the best quality
B . &
m of secdj and past experience has con-
m clusivcly shown that we cannot -de-
fl pend, upon doing so from abroad.
aVj ft '
fl We, must raise it ourselves, and in
fl such a careful, scientific manner that
fl it will not only fcc of the best quality,
fl but will have such characteristics as
H will make it adapted to the particu-
1 larnccds land requirements of the lo-
cality where it is to be sown. Seed
fl rinsed on a particular soil andf under
M certain climatic conditions may not
H be best suited for planting in like
fl soils nd under similar climatic con-
M ditipn; in fact, very often it is not.
M Seed for comparatively poor soil may
m dobest ore rich soil, or that raised
H in the East may do best when sown
H 'in the West. Only study and personal
fl experience on the part of each factory
mainagcr can determine what seed i
best suited for the conditions in I113
"The work was begun by securing
the best varieties of European seed
and also all known kinds of American-grown
seed land! growing them
for comparison. Of these the best
four strains was distributed in Mon
tana. Tests of the beets raised show
ed that the richest lot contained 22.8
per cent sugar. The largest estimated
yield of sugar per aero 5825 pounds
was obtained on the Station farm.
Vilmorin Imperial, French Red Top,
and Utah sugar beets, grown in com
parison with the Washington-grown
Klcinwanzlcbencr seed, were inferior
in every particular, with the excep
tion that the Utah-grown seed show
ed a purity of 1.08 per cent greater
than the Klcinwanzlcbencr. The
average of 22 (beets grown in various
parts of the Static from this sced.con
taincd 16.9 per -cent of sugar with
82.73 per cent purity.
"While the experiments have not
been continued long enough to war-
rant positive conclusions, the results
obtained clearly indicate that the
home production of pedigreed sugar
beet seeds may be profitably under
taken in the United States."
It is only a question of time when
the importation of beet seed into this
country will cease. In a recent Gov
ernment report we note that during
1906 thdtc were forty-nine experi
menters under the direction of the
United States Department of Agri
culture. The tests were madle in vari
ous States with the co-operation of
the State Experiment Stations with
a view of determining the compara
tive value of American and foreign
beet seed. On 278 acres the home
seed yielded an average of 14 tons
of beets per acre. These roots had
.an average polarization of 14.9, mean
ing over 4000 pounds of sugar to the
acre. The imported seed showed an
average yield per acre of only 12
tons, with 50 per cent sugar, mean
ing 36000 pounds of sugar to the acre.
A writer on this subject shows that
as 376,000 acres of land were devoted
to beets last year, the home seed
would have placed an additional
226,000,000 ipounds of suga on tnc
market. The argument looks well on
paper, but is somewhat misleading
I I Till manure in your barnyard, if properly distributed will swell your bank account I
I Use the Famous "LI6HT RUNNING NATIONAL" Spreader . I
Its "Mountain" Steel Wheels, Heavy Cold Rolled Steel Axles, Hardwood I
Frame, Balanced Drive Gear, and Roller Bearings, Lare durability, and light I
draft. Write us for Catalog. 1
Bfca& - -m. a y.T ji i iriuiiij "mfirir"tfifi ' nnn
laav '
aBS !. . j -. jjMrt!jifcL .sifcfc2&a- .,.. mm
and in the long run would certainly jfl
lead to surprises. jfl
Excellent beet seed may be ob- jfl
taincd without any special effort, but
unless the selection is kept up the
quality will fall off. If we Ameri
cans undertake to grow beet sood it
should be continued frorm year to
year and not confined to experiments,
which mean little or nothing. We arc
informed that at Fairfield, Washing
ton, this is being done and 15,000
pounds of seed were selected as
foundation stocks, and all beets
of exceptional quality were saved
and planted the next sprung as
mother beets for seed production. In
1904 one-half of the seed secured from
these individual plants was planted
and the best specimens of beets pre
served for the production for the first
crop of elite seed. The other half cf
the seed was saved for planting in
1905, and from the beets- produced the
next yesar's supply of elite seed will
be grown.
"It is reported that during 1904 a
Washington state sugar bcct grower
produced a lot of some 300 roots test
ing 21 per cent or more of sugar in
the beet, with composite tests show
ing coefficients of purity ranging from
86 to 91.9. In this lot were included
15 roots containing 24 per cent, 50
with 23 per cent, and 100 with 22 per
cent of sugar in the beet. Results of
variety tests of sugar beet seed! from
American and European growers in
1904 show a range of from 15 to 17.7
per cent of sugar in the beet, and a
range in coefficient of purity from
83.7 to 87.9. The low as well as the
high figures were secured in Klcin
wianzlebcncr sugar beet from Ameri
can grown seed. The highest yield
per mere, 13.17 tons, was obtained from
Klcinwanzlcbencr seed grown at
Fairfield, Wash.
"In 1904 this Department distribut
ed some 4000 pounds of California
grown and 1 1,000 pounds of Washing
ton grown Kleinwanzlcfoener sugar
beet seed, in order to compare it with
the seed furnished! to farmers by the
factories. Of. the reports received,
73 per cent of those planting Wash
ington grown seed and 63 per cent of
those planting the California grown
seed found it to be of quicker,
stronger and healthier germination,
and none found it inferior to the oth
er seed. The returns from 561 acres
showed that the sugar content of the
beets from the Washington grown

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