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J -3MI g D35 S E RWJ R MR SATURDAY, AUGUST. . M, ..1908.
H THE DESERET FARMER B (THAT BIG FARM PAPER.) H Combined With "Rocky Mountain 1 Farming." H Established . 1904. H $? Official Organ of the H f Utah State Poultry Association. H g Utah Horticultural Society. H JUTtah State Dairymen's Association. H j&t!1 State Bee Keepers' Association. H Bear River Valley Farmers' Protec- m u Hve and Commercial Association. H g Utah Arid Farming Association. g , Issued ever Saturday by the Dcs- H eret Farmer Pub. Co., Salt Lake Sc- H curity & Trust Building, Salt Lake M City, Utah. ' j? Entered as second class matter Dec. H 27. looq. at the Postoflficc at Salt M Hake City, Utah. LLw - H Subscription price $1.00 per year H $ (Strictly in Advance.) H Discontinuances. H The publishers must be notified in H writing, at time of expiration, when H fliscontinuancc of subscription is dc- H ifrcd, and all arrears must be paid. B -Advertising rates made known upon H amplication. ( The right is reserved to M Reject questionable advertising. H C'l communications and rcmit- 1 tanccs should be addressed to "The H Descrct Farmer," Salt Lake Sccuri- H $y & Trust Building, Salt Lake City, l M Lewis A. Merrill Editor H $ G. Peterson Asst Editor H J. H. Harper Business Mgr. H Salt Lake City, Utah, H nlurday, August 22, 1908"!' "'ri ' j L- LH $ GENERAL REVIEW. OF CROP i, CONDITIONS, nited States Department of Agri- H I culture, Bureau of Statistics, H Washington, D. C. ' w. H' On August i, crop conditions in IJH the United States were, in the aggre mM gate .somewhat better (2 per cent) H than a year ago, but slightly (1 per H efcnt) below a ten-year average con- H Gition on that date. Of the crops that H fpc above the average may be mgn- H Mpne'd winter w 'it, hayt cotton anJ H tsbacco. Corn, - irlcy, rye, buck- H Mneat ,nppics and flax arc islightly H below the average, potatoes above 5 H per cent below, and oats neatly 10 H per cent below the average. H The Qonditions vary, however, in H the different sections of thetJnitcd H States. H In the North Atlantic States gener H al conditions are slightly better (1 m ly below (2 per cent) the ten-year B average condition on August 1. Corn, whoat and apples arc slightly to mod erately above the average condition, while hay, potatoes, oats, rye, buck wheat and barley arc below; the dc ficicncy in condition of potatoes is about 10 per cent, and of hay ab.pu 4 per cent. Jf In the North, Central States- which .1? arc East of the Mississippi River, general crop conditions arc about. 1 per cent below a year ago and afcout 4 per cent below the average. Corn is about 7 .per cent below, oats 18 p.cr cent below, potatoes 4 per cent below, apples 20 per cent below, and tobacco 6 per cent below the average, llajfis good, being about 10 p,cr cent above the average; wheat, barley, rye and grapes -arc slightly above, and peaches are about 50 per cent above the aVfcr .? ' - ; , . 1 I . In the North Central States wSt of the Mississippi River, ,crop con ditiQns in the aggregate arc-practically the same as the ten-year average, and nearly 3 per cent better than a year ago. r . Illay alone of.' the important crops is materially aibovc (14 per cent)' the-average; rye is slightly bet ter and peaches about 40 per cent better 4han the average. Practically all the other important crops show a more or less lower condition than fUhc average," corn being about 'li1 per cent, wheat 2 tp 3 per cent, oats&6 p4r cent, flac 2 per cent, brrley 3 per cent, and apples 20 per cent, respfc- , tivcly,, below. The -condition of pb- Atatoc5 is about the average, In the South Atlantic States crop conditions arc favorable, being about "4 ifcr"ccnt better than a year ago and nearly 5 per cent above the average. Rice and potatoes arc the only one. . of the important crops which are lfc- low their tcn-yaar averages. Tljc . j. relative betterment of the other im portant crops above their average Vis, GOt'ton s per cent, corn 3 per Gciil, liay 10 per cent, wheat 4 per cent, toba'ceo' 6 per cent, sweet potatoes nearly 1 per dent, apples 25 per Gent, peaches 40 r enr and oats 4 rffr it r ' V cent. ,- . ; ,, In" the South Central States, al, conditions arc favoralble, being about 8 per cent better thariVyoar ago, aifd 2 per cent better tliatu flie average. Cotton, the most important crop, lias . the same condition as the tcn-ydnr average. Corn isp per cent abqye per' Gent, tobaGGO 5 -per Qqn(rswcct potatoes, oats and rice, each 4 per ocnt, and peaches 10 per cent, re spectively, above their average, con . dition. Apples arc 12 ;pcr cent be low, and potatoes, sorgum, and sugar cone are each slightly below the average, condition. In the far Western States, condi tions arc not so favorable, being about 5 per cent below a year ago, and nearly 5 per -cent below the ten year average condition. Nearly all the important crops arc below the average. Peaches, however, arc abou: 15 per cent better, and grapes slightly better. The approximate extent of deficiency in the condition of other crops is, hay, 8 per cent; wheat, 6 per cent; barley, 8 per cent; oats, 4 per cent; potatoes, 3 per cent; and apples, 1 per cent. C. C. CLARK, Acting Chief of Bureau. FOR SALE. OR LEASE, Four hundred and sixty acres of land in Emery County, Utah Good grazing land, partly fenced. Fair house and shed?. Address UTAH IMPLEMENT - VEHICLE COMPANY. Salt Lake City, Utah. LARGE DEMAND FOR WILLOW BASKETS. , The fact tint a Chicago merchant is advertising in German trade papers for a million willow clothes baskets is pointed to by experts on willow culture in this country as evidence of our neglect of a profitable industry. Climate and .soil arc as favorable for willow culture in this country as in Germany or anywhere else, and the market for willow of the better grades is the test in the world. Generally speaking, land that will grow wheat will grow willows. Their cultivation is not difficult, and profits arc usually good, But up to the present time Americans have, not taken hold of the matter in earnest, though both intcrqst and production have been on the increase of recent years as a re sult of the. efforts made by the De partment of Agriculture to inform the public of the opening which willow growing oJTcrs. The Germans handle the business well. They have industrial schools where basket weaving is taught. Many of these schools grow their own willow rods, cut tlicm, and peel and prepare tljcm for Use. X the mutual advantage of l;p.th jpupjlsand proprietors, arrangements are made to allow pupils to work part of the time in the "holts," as the willow fields arc called, belonging to the schools, and in that way earn enough to pay their tuition and board. They then become familiar with all , parts of the business, and wlicn they grad uate they arc competent to take places as overseers of willow farms or fore men in wicker ware factories. The schools profit by getting much of their work done without .paying cash for it. American willow growers and man ufacturers of willow ware must meet that competition; but those who have investigated conditions here and abroad feci confident that the Ameri can has advantages which will enable . him to compete successfully if he takes up the business with character istic American energy. There arc more than 160 manufac turers of willow ware in the United States.. One-tenth of them grow thcii own willows, and about an equal num Lcr grow part of their stock. Mora than a' dozen varieties arc cultivated in this country, in seventeen states, and many manufacturers assert that the home grown rods arc equal or even superior to the imported. Good holts pay n profit the first year, though the profits of later years arc much greater. The average price of impeded rods last year was about one and a quarter cents a pound, and of peeled ' fotfs about seven cents. A well managed willow holt should av erage twenty-five hundred pounds of rods to the acre yearly, and the cost of growing and harvesting the crop is comparatively low. It is a crop which requires comparatively little labor, so that the small grower, if able-bodied, can be pretty independ ent in the matter of hired help. Instructions for the growing of basket willows arc sent out by the Forest Service, upon request, to g-cthcr with a- statement of the re turns to be expected. The Service is cVevoting special attention to testing every known variety of basket willow in order to find the best varieties for home growers. In the early spring time cuttings from all approved bask et willows are sent gratis to. appli v.ints who desire to establish willow holts. o 7 The "Deseret Farmer" needs the support and encouragement of every farmer every person interested in agricultural pursuits in. this intey- 1 mountain country. Send us a dollar! I Let us send you the paper a year! I I