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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, October 10, 1908, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1908-10-10/ed-1/seq-5/

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SATURDAY, OCTOBERio, jf9 . ..XH.E. -DESK LEXllA R M M s . .-.. 6 H
done in the valley for it is justfbe
Vond pioneer conditions, but judging
from the past, it will ibe done, 'ah'd
done quickly -and well, and in ac
cordance with the directions of mod
ern science.
Editor Descrct Farmer: Please
answer through the columns of the
"Farmer" the following questions:
i. Describe the best general man
agement of bees for profit.
2. Kindly give mc your best meth
od to prevent robbing.
Answered by Mr. E. S. Lovesy, Pres.
Utah State Beekeepers' Assn.
i. This is a comrchcnsivc question
to go into detail, at this season of the
year. However, I would advise you,
if you have not already robbed your
bees down close, don't do it, but leave
them plenty of honey for the winter
I and some for spring. Before very
cold weather sets in, fix them up for
the winter, ibut be sure to give them
plcpty of ventilation to keep them
dry. (They must be kept dry). This
is an important thing o consider in
Wintering bees, because if the bees
I and combs arc allowed to becorne
damp and moldy, the air will become
foul, and the bees will be too weak
to seek food and will very likely die
i before spring. If you bring your bee
through the winter alright, then it
will be a good time to talk about
spring management.
2. Several methods have been tried
to prevent robbing. Some claim that
iby placing canes, straw or grass in
front of the hive that is being robbed,
Hiat that will confuse the robbers and
stop the robbing. Also if you can lo-
I cate the robbers change the hives, and
that has sometimes stopped it. A'n-
I other plan is to take three hives. We
' will call the robber's hive "A" and
J the hives being robbed "B" and "C."
After you locate the robbers place
them on "B's" old stand and put "B"
on "C's" stand, and "C" on "A's," the
I robber's old stand. The field bees
, , from "C" will build up "B," and the
i bees from "A" will help "C," besides
having to build themselves up on
"B's" old stand. This plan generally
works alright. To locate the robbers
throw some flour on the bees as they
leave the hive that is being robbed,
then locate the robber's hive as they
eiUcyr it.
.. -. r .
v .Jj x.,m - k J
The farm problem of America is
not iti bursting barns nor high-bred
stock nor soil fertility, nor even in the
rural school, but in the farmer, him
self. Its solution is in the individual
known as the new farmer. The dreary
drudgery of the old farm existence is
fast passing away, and in its place is
coming a. broad, rich, free livelihood
ncvur known before "the new coun
try life." The new farmer lives the
new country life. The new farmer
builds for his wife and children a
modern, sanitary, attractive home.
The new farmer makes hard roads,
he installs a telephone, receives his
mail by free delivery and encourages
intcrurban service, supports a thriv
ing rural church and demands an ef
ficient consolidated school with a high
school course for his sons and daugh
ters at home. The new farmer reads
r.nd thinks, he studies his own envir
onment, sees his opportunity and limi
tations; improves the one and re
moves the other. The new farmer js
not only a scientist, 'but a sociologist.
He works in harmony with his neigh
bors for the general good and uplift
of his immediate community, and
above all else he realizes the dignity
and importance of his own profession
and individuality in the permanent
and national welfare.
But all farmers of today arc not
new farmers. Some arc the moss
backs. It devolves upon teachers and
educators responsible for future con
ditions to catch the farmer of tomor
row in his infancy and train him up
in the way he should go to train him
not enly in the three R's, but to give
him an insight and understanding into
the conditions of his own environ
ment that will enable him to solve, the
problematic situations of his life wise
ly and well. The country school
teacher thus becomes the greatest so
cial and educational influence of a
rural community. In towns and cities
there are doctors, lawyers, editors,
business men, ministers. In the coun
try the community is composed only
of farmers and the school teacher.
There is frequently not even a church
or minister. Leadership then natural
ly and logically falls upon the coun
try teacher, and nowhere are leaders
mo-needed. Through the inspira
ticJraKind uplift and direction of the
rural teacher this association aims to
fdvance the welfare of coimtryco
plc, and all that pertains to rAtral life.
Arthur J. Bell.
. . ,
I - ; .
T Fencing the range to protect shccf
from the attacks of predatory animals
has met with excellent results in the
AVallowa National Forest, Oregon
" &
The problem was to. find a strong
fence that would ?makc the sheep sc-
tiur-e, even without the care of a hcr-
ft i
. The chosen fence, Which is built of
woven wire with barbed wire on the
top, has kept out all the minor ani
mals, such as wild cats, lynxes and
coyotes, but has not withstood the
attacks of the grizzlies, which arc ap
parently able to pass through it with
little trouble.
Sheep numbering 2200 head were
placed in the enclosure with their
Jambs upon June 20th and have been
allowed to graze at their free will
with no attention whatever from any
herder. They have done splendidly
and as far as the observation of those
in charge of the experiment goes, a
given area grazed by sheep under
such conditions will carry more sheep
per acre than one graze'd under the
charge of a herder.
Tracks along the fence show that
predatory animals .come to the fence
constantly and follow it around but,
with the exception of the bears, do
not seem able to enter.
The hunter employed by the Ser
vice for hunting predatory animals in
the vicinity of this fenced enclosure
has killed" no less than six large griz
zlies this season, besides numerous
other animals pi the predatory class.
The results of this experiment are
so satisfactory thus far that private
individuals are profiting by it. Mr.
J. W. Emmons of Troy, Oregon, has
a large area of private land fenced
with a special wire fence in which he
ha, this season lambed a herd, of 670
owes without a herder's care and with
very little attention and great success,
Mr Emmons is extending his fence,
jor he finds that it pays.
Careful record will be kept of 'the
weights of lambs raised inside this
fence with a view of comparing them
with 'the same grade of lambs raised
outside the fence on the same class
Ot range, so that any gains or losses
W weight and growth may be deter-mtntd.
Somc writer has come to the con- H
elusion that dad is worthy of fayor- H
able mention, the thought originating H
when he recently visited a home H
where he saw over the parlor door H
the legend worked in letters of red, H
"What is home without a mother?" H
Across the room was another brief, H
"God bless xpur home." H
"Now, what is the mater with 'God H
bless our dad?'" asked this loving H
cliild. "He gets up early, lights tin H
fire, iboils an egg, and wipes off the H
dew of the lawn with his boots while H
many a another is sleeping. lie H
makes the weekly handout for the H
butcher, the"" grocer, the milkman, the H
baker, and his little pile is badly H
worn before he has-bcn home an H
"If there is a noise during the night H
dad is kicked in the back and made to
go down stairs to find tile burglar land H
kill hi mi Mother darns the socks, but M
dad bought the socks in the first M
place, and the needles and the yarn H
afterward. Mother puts up the fruit; M
well, dad bought it all, and jars and M
sugar cost like the very mischief. M
"Dad buys the chicken for the Sun- M
day dinner, carves it himself, and M
draws the neck from the ruins after M
everyone is served. 'What is home M
without a mother?' Yes, that is a 1 M
right; but what is home without a M
father? Ten chances to one it is a M
boarding house, father is under the M
slab and the landlady is the widow. fl
Dad, here's to you you've got your fl
faults you may have lots of 'cm jfl
but you arc all right and we miss you jB
when you're gone." Steptoc Stand- H
ard. H
The "Dtseret Farmer" needs the jH
support and encouragement of every
farmer every person interested In jfl
agricultural pursuits in this inter- H
mountain country. Send us a dollar I JH
Let us send yoa the paper year I
Bill. Is that watch your father H
gave you ten years ago still doing H
good service? JH
Jill. Ycpl I pawned it again to- H
day, for the twentieth time. Yonkcrs IH
Statesman. H
People have invented a thousand IH
different names for the act of taking IH
what does not belong to them. T?he IH
dictionary,, has one synonym for them H

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