OCR Interpretation


Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, October 31, 1908, Image 10

Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1908-10-31/ed-1/seq-10/

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I 10 M&. JX &2W5 R KST FA ft M,E R Saturday, October ' 3i, '1908.
I POULTRY
. .
It Edited by C. S. Gorline.
I THE EGO.
If The egg is the wonderland of na
I, ture. It is a body formed in the fe
ll males of animals, birds; insects and
I fishes containing an embryo or fetus
of the same species, which under un
I changed environment will faithfully
H reproduce lineal antecedents. Change
the environment, ever so slightly,
H and a variation will result. There are
H eggs so small that they may be cx
H amined only with a. powerful micro
H scope. The egg of the genus Acarus,
H the common mite of the poultry
H house, is no larger than a pin point.
Then, there are eggs as large as the
head of an infant, notably that of the
Great Auk and of the Ostrich. The
eggs of birdls and insects arc provid
ed with tough or solid envelopes
that serve to retain the fluids until
they have been absorbed by the fetus.
The eggs of fish and some other ani
mals are united by a viscous sub
stance, ard called spawn. Either is
fitted by nature to reproduce the Hife
intended and each is dependent upon
the requisite temperature to repro
duce the living being. Were a tem
perature of 32 or lower to prevail for
a number of years, all animals and
plant life would cease and the earth
would be uninhabited. The eggs of
fishes, reptiles, turtles and. insects
are covered with a tough fibrinous
tissue while the eggs of birds in nor
mal condition have the fibrinous cov
er enveloped with a shell having an
organic basis impregnated with cal
careous crystals so arranged as to
form a porous wall through the in
terstices of which oxygen may pass
in and the poisonous carbon dioxide
is drawn off while the chemical pro
cess of respiration is carried on dur
ing the early stage of incubation.
Those who keep poultry occasionally
find an egg minus the shell, or it may
occur often. These soft helled eggs
may be the result of focblc vitality
but it is more likely owing to lack
of lime in the daily ration, such as
crushed shell and bono mcah The
shells of the eggis of some of the
larger breeds of poultry such' as
Rocks, Wyandottcs, Langshans, Brah
mas, etc., often in winter and early
I f'Tour of the Tourist"
L B
I . ; '
I l$"&3 REMARKABLE event in the history of automobiledom was the tour of
I mIISw more an rty Tourist cars from Los Angeles to San Francisco and return,
I ' issiiI August 12th to 22d, 1908, carrying 94 men, women and children.
I This tour differs radically from any previous automobile run in that practically I
' , every car was operated by its owner instead of a professional driver, thus demonstrating A
; : simplicity and ease of operation, and proving forcibly that the Tourist is an owner's f
I , car so simple in operation and mechanism as to enable the novice to negotiate the
I everest test to which an automobile could be put. m
I I : This more-than-a-thousand-mile-run was successfully accomplished without mishap ' ,
I ; r accident, and will live long in the annals of automobiledom as a glowing testimonial ;
I 0 mechanical genius and constructional ability.
. ; The Type ,KM Touring Car, that powerful, sturdy "IT "The Type "O" Tourist Roadster represent the cul-
Westera pant which earned such an enviable reputation mmation point in two-cylinder automobile construction. '
the pat lew years, U a two-cylinder car of remarkable All the features of the now famous model "K" are hera
H ! b' . . , , . ,. . , . blended with tho racy, chic lines of the high-priced
I Its construction u the very acme of simplicity, and its roadster.
I accomplishments have earned for its makers world-wide Nothing on the market today can compare favorably '
Tlu car, beautifully finished in a serviceability, style, reliability and low t
choice of four colqrs-22 H. P.T I J RRAIFflRIl PHce'.
five-passenger removable tonneau, is J l Vl DnAntJlUilU This car with a finely finished
$1300 at Los Angeles. trunk on rear sells for $1300. With
Tourhl Cars are covered by a very KALT LAKE CITY single nimble seat on trunk, $1325;
. liberal guarantee, and with the factory ana with double individual seats on m
doseathand to replace all parts quickly. UTAH war, $1350. F. O. B. Los AagoUt,
iriwniui.rjjrirujuLTr-iiifL n jr. -ijiq r. ..ruir. n.nrjr. - jr. n - n -ti f
(spring become so tough and hard
that the chick is unable to break
through and dies in the shell. Such
tough thick shells may be softened
by dipping in warm water at pipping
time, but they will never at any time
hatch well. These hard tough shells
arc tho result of confinement and
lack of eoft food. Feeding green
oyster shell will work a radical
change in their texture. Where it
is .possible to obtain the shells of
fresh oysters and grind them while
green to feed to laying hens, there is
no class of shell that will prove so
satisfactory; the shell from them im
parted to the eggs will not be brittle
and will ibe tough and clastic so that
they may be handled without fear of
cracking in turning and at hatching
time, will be found very easy for the
chick to break through. They will
however impart a dark color to white
eggs giving to them the bluish tint
of skim milk.
There is a vast difference in the
shape of eggs. In the eggs of wild
birds of the same species there is a
wonderful likeness in size, shape and
color. It is only in the domesticated
species that extreme variation is ob
served. In color, especially will be
noted much difference. Birds thac
habitually lay white eggs will some
times lay brown or light brown eggs.
Wc have seen eggs from both White
rnd Brown Leghorns that were near
ly as brown in color as the eggs of
common hens. Wc have seen eggs
from Brahmas, Wyandottcs and White
Rocks that were nearly white. Or- I
pington eggs arc usually of a rich g
red brown color but wc have seen I
eggs from individuals of the same j
istrain that were of a very light brown
almost white. Turkey eggs arc gen-
crally brown, 'beautifully mottled wth
black dots, but in some instances Mic
body "color is nearly white covered
with light brown specks. Duck eggs
that arc generally of a light pea green
color are isome times seen nearly ,
white or dark brown. This variation '
in color is undoubtedly largely due
to diet and confinement. Where
birds are on a range with plenty of j
green food these color variations sel- i
dom appear In size, eggs 'frcun the
same breeds will vary more perhaps '
than in color. The eggs of Orping
tons and Brahmas are very large and !
long under normal conditions but -when
the birds"-are 'keptrr close' con-
fincment without' access to plenty" of '

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