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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, October 31, 1908, Image 15

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1908-10-31/ed-1/seq-15/

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cial beet seed consists for the most
part of from two to seven individual
sccds-wcldcd by nature into one mass.
It is evident that plants .produced
from such ai -mass of seeds must of
necessity be very close together, and
thus far no mechanism has been de
vised whereby the plants can fcc pro
perly thinned. Thus hankS labor has
to be resorted to.
Repeated effort have been made to
break up the seed balls by passing
them through various forms of rol
lers, but the seed coats arc so hard
that any device that has been tried
not only breaks the coats but like
wise the seed balls, thus destroying
the germ.
J The department of agriculture has
been more successful in this Jinc by
its efforts to produce a. single germ
seed, and its scientists have within
the past year increased the produc
tion of single-germ seed from 2 to 25
per cent; and in the light of the ad
vance that has already been made it
is reasonably safe to assume that this
object will finally be accomplished by
this -means.
There is now some $60,000,000 in
vested in beet sugar farms and fac
tories in the United States. Every
new factory gives the growers better
facilities for disposing of their beets,
, and calls for more farmers to engage
in this new enterprise.
The factories and rasping stations
in operation have a daiiy capacity of
nearly 55.000 tons of beets.
Each of these factories is in opera
tion not less than ninety days an
nually, which calls for a yearly supply
of 3,600,000 tons of beets, from which
380,000 tons of sugar arc produced.
At the present average production
this requires about 51,000 formers to
grow the beets. At the present price
the returns to them are nearly $17.
000,000 in cash.
With this production, however, it is
still necessary for the United States
to import something like, 3,000,000
tons of sugar annually to supply the
I present .population at the current
rate of consumption.
To manufacture all the sugar this
country consumes would require 360
factories, with an average output of
6w tons of beets daily, in 'addition to
those already in operation.
These factories would require 300,
000 farmers to supply them with
beets, for- which they would receive
, .Mr
1 tisirr.
The yearly consumption per capita
has increased 8 pounds during the
past tern yoars, that is, approximately
645,000,000 pounds, or 330,000 tons,
more sugar was consumed last year
than wouldl have been consumed ten
years -ago had the population at that
time been the same as it is to-day.
This is almost a much sugar as the
57 factories would have produced last
year if they had been operated at full
capacity, but as a matter of fact it is
nearly 85,000 tons more than they
actually produced.
This goes to show that the manu
facture of beet sugar in the United
States, in spite of its wonderful pro
gress during the past few years, has
not even kept pace with the increased
rate of consumption.
Church. I don't believe you can
tell the difference between a stable
and a garage.
Gotham. 'Why, do you think I have
no sense of smell? Yonkcrs Statesman.
(Continued from- page 3)
until after the tree is fifty years old.
On account of its tendency to mature
early, catalpa; is especially adapted for
wood crops of short rotation. Other
favorable qualities lare its speedy
growth, its power of enduring fre
quent cutting back, and its light
weight. The wood is strong, straight
grained, and durable.
The Yaggy plantation, 4 miles
northwest of Hutchinson, Kans., com
prises 500 acres of cabalpa, and' is one
of the most successful and profitable
in the country. The trees are planted
at intervals of four feet in rows six
Ject apart, or 1800 to 1900 per acre.
Thus, if each tree yielded posts to the
value of 30 cents, an acre would yield
$544.50 every six years. This does not
include the firewood. Excellent ship
ping facilities are afforded by two
railway lines which run through the
plantation and have established ai sta
tion which is named for Mr. Yioggy.
Connection is made with other rail
roads at Hutchinso . Mr. Yaggy es
timates the income from Lis ilantn
tion for the first c, i to fc as fol
lows (the seedlings, were home
grown): Interest on the investment,
not included in these figures, should
be considered,
Cost of land per acre (1st yr.) $22.00
Cost, seedlings per acre (1st yr.) .80
Cost of transplanting per acre
(1st year) 3.20
Coct of cutting back per acre
(third year) 2.50
Superintendents, implements, fire
guards, etc., at 35 cts. per
acre per year 3.96
Cutting and marking per acre 20.00
Value of .posts per acre $315.21
Value of firewood per acre 12.00
Total gross returns per acre $327.21
The Yaggy plantation is cut by the
-strip system. A total of 62J4 acres is
cut annually, but the strips arc so
distributed throughout the plantation
that the openings arc not conspicuous.
The farm contains also 300 acres of
apple trees, but catalpa is counted the
surer crop. A year ago the late freeze
almost completely destroyed the ap
ple crop, and to offset its loss a double
.portion of catalpa was harvested.
While it is true that no other forest
tree except eucalyptus has been grown
in large plantations with so great
profit as catalpa, it is equally true
that, with the exception of cotton
wood and black locust, none other
has been the source of so great dis
appointment. Oatalpa can be grown
profitably only with a beforehand
knowledge of the habits of the tree,
and a care that the site and the mar
ket arc -favorable; after that there
should be the exercise of as good
management and as strict attention to
detail as would be required to run any
other factory and storehouse com
iWned. That is the practice of forestry.
In St. Thomas, Ont., a girl saw a
rat run into a hole under a neighbor's
house. She told a boy of it, and the
boy poured half a pound of powder
into the hole and touched it off. He
and the girl were blown 30 feet and
lost their hair and eyebrows, and the
damage to the house was $3000. As
for the rat, no one has seen him
since. He may have been blown up
and he may have escaped. Sus-sess-ful
n 1 nmmjJmUTyS'-T
Kindly mention the "ftcserct Far jfl
mcr" when writing to or doing buii- M
ncss with our advertisers. H
Owing to our extensive circulation, M
market reports must be closed Wed- M
nesddy noon. Figures quoted are Salt M
Lake wholesale prices. These quota- M
tions are given at the request of many M
subscribers and are furnished and cor-
rectcd weekly by the responsible firm M
cf Vogeler Seed and Produce Co. M
Butter and Cheese. M
Creamery butter, 25 to 30c; cheese, M
full cream, 14c. M
Vegetables. H
Cabbage, per lb., xc; potatoes, 85c H
per cwt. H
Poultry and Eggs. H
Live hens 12 to 13c. per lb. fl
Dressed hens 14 to 15c. per lb. fl
Eggs, strictly fresh, per case, $7.50. H
Grain, Hay and Flour. H
Wheat, per 100 lbs., $1.60; corn, 100 H
lbs., $1.80; chop corn, 100 lbs., $1.85; H
oats, per 100 lbs., $1.60; barley, per 100 H
rolled, $1.35; bran, per 100 lbs., $1.25; H
flour, high patent per 100 lbs., $2.30; M
straight grade, per 100 lbs., $2.10; at- H
falfa, baled, 55c. cwt.; timothy, baled, H
70c. cwt; straw, baled, 35c. M
Honey. H
Honey, case, $2.75 and $3.00, ex- H
tracted, 7c. lb. H
State Road, bet nth an4 xatfa So H
Salt Lake City, Utah. M
A native paper states that the mag- H
istrate at An-Hyun has arrested a H
great number of people belonging to H
the II Chin Hoi society, and having H
charged them with cutting their hair H
without any order from the govern- H
ment, had them severely flogged. The H
.sympathizers of the society and its H
members have held crowded meetings H
and violent speeches have been made H
denouncing the unwarranted action of H
the official. Korean Daily News. H
0 H
Salt Lake City is a mighty easy H
place to fall, but a most dangerous H
place to light. "Wherefore let him H
that thinketh he standeth take heed H
lest he fall." H
People who think only of them- H
selves haven't much to think about. H
-rEx. H

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