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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, November 14, 1908, Image 4

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Lj0 THE D E S E R E T PARMER Saturday, November Ul ioos I
Combined With "Rocky Mountain
Established 1904.
Official Organ of the
Utah State Poultry Association.
Utah Horticultural Society.
Utah State Dairymen's Association.
Utah State Bee Keepers' Association.
Bear River Valley Farmers' Protec
tive and Commercial Association.
Utah Arid Farming Association.
Issued cvcry Saturday by the Des
erct farmer Pub Co., Salt Lake Se
curity &. Trust Building, Salt Lake
City, Utah.
Entered as second class matter Dec.
27, 1905, at the Postofficc at Salt Lake
City, Utah.
Subscription price $x.oo per year
(Strictly in Advance.)
The publishcns must be notified in
writing, at time of expiration, When
discontinuance of subscription is de
sired, and all arrears must be paid.
Advertising rates made known upon
aoplication. The right is reserved to
reject questionable advertising.
All communications and remit
tances should be addressed to "The
Deserct Farrmer," Salt Lake Securi
ty & Trust Building, Salt bake City,
Lewis A. Merrill - Editor..
P. G. Peterson Asst. Editor.
J. H. Harper Business Mgr.
Salt Lake City, Utah,
Saturday, November 14, 1908.
The Editor of this paper left for
Washington, D. C, during the week
to be in attendance at the meeting of
Farmers' Institute Workers from all
parts of the United States, to be hcttl
there during the week beginning
Monday next. The Experiment Sta
tions from all the states will be rep
resented there, and Utah will be rep
resented by Dr. E. D. Ball, the Sta- ,
tion Director. While awny these men
will visit the Agricultural Colleges
and Experiment Stations at Nebras
ka, Iowa, Colorado, IlMnois, Ohio and
several other as well. They expect
to pick up many ideas that will be
H helpful to Utah farmers. While the
H Editor is away the paper will be tak-
H en care of iby its staff and Mr. Peter-
H son will look after the editorial pages.
H K'ndJ' mention the ."Dserjit Far-
B roer" when writing to or doing: busi-
H iuss with our advertisers
Improvement in Harvesting.
August Wolf.
Twenty-two hundred and fifty com
bined harvesting machines, operated
by steam, gasoline, Horses and mules,
and 60,000 men were required to gar
ner the wheat crop, estimated at 60,
000,000 bushels, in Washington, Ore
gon and Idaho, during the season just
closed. The value of the crop is
placed at from $45,000,000 to $50,000,
000. The machines cut about 50 per
cent of the total yield -and on this it is
estimated there was a saving of five
cents a bushel and two bushels of
waste grain the -acre, adding nearly
$2,000,000 to the revenue of the pro
ducers. The men were paid $6,000,000
in wages, the average cost of saving
the crop being 10 cents a bushel, ex
clusive of bags and haulage to ware
houses. The harvesters established a new
record this year in saving the crop in
the three states, as never before were
the wheat belts stripped of their
stands of grain in such time. The far
mers had the most efficient help in
years and at no time were they
obliged to suspend or even curtail
operations because of shortage. The
average earning of each man was $100
for the season, and the average amount
of grain harvested 'by him was 1000
bushels, while the average threshing
crew of four men headed, stacked and
threshed 2000 bushels a day. The av
cra yield was a little more than 20
bubhcls the acre, while individual
fields report as high as 42 bushels.
K'liichers in 1? counties in eastern
Washington, including the Big Bend
and the Palousc belts, harvested near
ly 34,000,000 bushels. The crop was
about normal in the Big Bend coun
. try, and in the Palousc country the
average yield was nearly 35 bushels
the acre, and most of it is hard and
clean and of good milling grade, and
while the crop is smaller than in. 1907,
the bumper season in the history of
the Northwest, the farmers have a
greater net profit this season, as
prices are better and it cost less to
garner the crop. The bags in which
the grain was marketed were also
cheaper. The average price of wheat
has not been under 75 cents and has
been up to 83, and there are many
wh believe it will re-ach the dollar
mark before the end of the year.'
A farm of 700 acres may be taken
as a unit upon which to base calcu
lations. Under the ordinary meth
ods on a ranch of this size the labor
of 16 men was required throughout
the harvest season. The yield was
14,000 bushels. From this field the
farmer received, at present prices,
about $11,000. After paying his bills
he will have a bank account left, and
will lose no time in preparing to seed
the land for a crop in 1909.
The labor problem has been a ser
ious one with farmers all over the
grain belt in recent years. The har
vesters, coming from practically all
parts of the continent, were shiftless,
hard to manage, ready to quit work
at the drop of a hat, and eager at all
times to crowd wages up to the break
ing point. On the other hand, em
ployers worked their help long hours,
and the old adage of "you do not
need blankets, get a lantern," while
worn out, was founded in fact.
The working hours were shorter,
the conditions much better, the class
of men more steadfast and conscien
tious and the feeling between them
and the farmers were much more
friendly. This condition was not
brought about by the free employ
ment bureau, as was established last
year, or by any other unusual con
ditions except that these men have
been less called for in the ordinary
labor circles, and the harvest fields
offered opportunities for high wages
and a month or two of outdoor life.
An clement entering into the labor
problem this season was the' change
in the method of harvesting grain
generally over the Northwest. In
fact, wheat harvesting has been sub
jected to the most marked evolution
of any of the modes of work on the
farm. Following the sclf-raks reaper
came the header and the self-binder.
The large fields were handled readily
with the header, but the loss of grain
was considerable. During the finan
cial flurry in 1S93, a farmer of the
name of George Dclancy, operating
in the Walla Walla country, bought
a combined harvester in n effort to
save expense and secure all the, grain
from his land. It was successful and
did service until 1907, when it was
relegated to the scrap pile.
Fromi that time the. system of.. har
vesting changed r.apidly, and today
there are 2250 cpmbined harvesters
in operation in Washington, Oregon
and Idaho, and there are some in m
Montana and British Columbia. With H
a combined machine four men will ml
cut 700 acres during a season. In the I
old way, with header -and threshci, Kl
the combined labor of 16 men would K
be required to do the same task. With Ij
the aid of combined harvesters, the I
crop of the Inland Empire could have I
been harvested by 15,000 men.
The prosperity of the farmers in
the Northwest is plainly evidenced at
the banks. Notes and accounts are
being taken up, mortgages paid off
and many arc either buying or build
ing homes in towns or making ex
tensive improvements on their farms.
Two months or more of good weath
er may be expected before the snow
flurries begin, during that time many
of the farm houses will be replaced
by more pretentious structures and
modern barns will be erected and
more machinery installed on farms in
various parts of the newly opened dis- 3
Another thing wliich bears out the
claim of prosperity among the farm
ers is the surplus of funds in the banks
and the shortage of demand for mon
ey. Bankers say that when the crop
is finally disposed of nearly all of the
farmers, including many of the new
comers, will be entirely free from
debts. There is more surplus money
than at any other time in 20 years.
The demand for wheat is such that
the grain is loaded and shipped as
rapidly as it is hauled from the farms
to the railroad tracks and the ware- I
housemen arc able to draw sight
drafts on the consignees immediately
to pay the growers. In numerous in
stances the grain is being taken from
the farmers' wagons and loaded into
cars. There is no shortage of cars
so far and none is looked for, as most
of the wheat is going to Pugct Sound
coast points, the rest being sent direct
to mills in" the Inland Empire.
. o
FOR SALE. Arid land in Cedar
Valley; 520 acres, adjoining Cedar
Fort field; mile from town and
railroad station; $5,000 part cash,
balance time Address,
730 S. W5t Temple St., S. L. City
"Now tell me why I punished you." j
"That's it," sobbed Johnny; "yon I
nearly pound the life out-of me, And M
now you don't even know why you
did it." M

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