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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, December 05, 1908, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1908-12-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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I
B. o THE DESERET PARMER Saturday, December 5) X9o8l I
I Just reofirtd a. Cur of Dry
I Land Turkey Bed "Wheat for
H Ittd.
I VOGELIR SEED GO.
Salt Lake City
BROTHER
Accidentally, on camping trip, have
discovered a Root that will cure both
tobacco habit and indigestion. No
drugs, but nature's remedy. Let me
write you about this wonderful root.
A. H..STOKES, Mohawk, Fla.
I WHITE LEGHORORNS '
I LAYING STRAIN OF COCKERELS
H These birds will probably lay as many eggs, right now, as some
H i of your hens Whatl Hens don't lay any eggs now? Well, ncith-
H cr do these cockerels, but their mothers, grand-mothers and great
H W grand-mothers for thirty-fie generations were selected layers ,
I from great egg producers and the egg laying habit is transmitted M
directly through the male line. If you arc not getting all the ft
efffi you wish, try a cross from this laying strain. M
C. S. GORLINE f
J224 last 12 Uuik ftrut SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 1
I THREE CAR LOADS OF REO AUTOMOBILES
SHIPPED OUR COUNTRY TERRITORY IN MAY
I WHO WILL BE THE NEXT KjJgf
I TO SHOW WISDOM ALONG SHHJISS11-
H THESE LINES, TO SHOW PBKlWyfS5ijp
REMEMBER A REO AUTOMOBILE
CAN BE U5ED FOR A GREAT MANY PURPOSES TO YOUR
H ADVANTAGE.
H W1UTE AND ASK US ABOUT THIS.
I SHARNAN AUTOMOBILE CO.
xf-xxx W. to. Ttmplc Street SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH
H " i
I
I Tbl FAMOUS DANIELSEN DISC PLOW
H It plow, any width or any depth.
H It it simple, itrong, and easy to operate.
H ( It is the only disc plow under complete control.
OU MACHINERY IS FULLY GKJABANTEED
Danielsen Plow Co.
BU Phon 3101
310 S 6th West. St. SALT LAKE CITY
j WR.ITB FOR. CATALOGUE
AGRONOMY 1
Edited by Prof. J. C. Hogenson.
THE POTATO.
The potato is a native of the valleys
of Chili, Peru and Mexico. The wild
potatoes of these regions differ from
the cultivated form in that they pro
duce seed balls more freely. Tobac
co, tomato, egg-plant ,etc.f all belong
to the potato family. Potatoes were
introduced into Virginia during the
latter part of the sixteenth century.
It had become a common article of
diet among the colonists and Indians
along the Atlantic coast as early as
1722. In Europe, with the exception
of Ireland potato growing made little
progress until the middle of the eight
eenth century.
The potato is an annual. It has
smooth, solid, more or less square
herbaceous stems. The leaves arc
compound and arc composed of oval
leaflets. The (lowers arc borne in
clusters each having a five-pointed
coralla and varying in color from
white to purple.
The tuber is an underground stem,
and the eyes arc equivalent to leaf
buds on the branch of a tree. The
potato is therefore a colony of indi
viduals of which the eye is the unit.
Potatoes do best on light soils
which should be well prepared before
planting the crop. Potatocs.refu.iirc
a deep, loose bed so that the roots
may penetrate it freely and the tub
ers form and expand without trouble
from hard lumps and baked soil.
About four inches is the proper depth
to plant potatoes. The most profit
able time to cut seed potatoes is just
before planting. Experiments have
shown that a half potato on .the aver
age will give better and more profit
able yield than either a whole potato
or smaller pieces. The potato should
be cut in two lengthwise. Large seed
usually insures a larger yield than
small seed'. This may be due to the
greater nourishment furnished to the
young plants, which enables them to
make stronger growth, and to the
greater hereditary vigor possessed by
such tubers. The advisability of using
large or small seed, cut or whole, de
pends largely upon the cost of seed,
the season and the culture given.
Generally speaking, tiuVrs weighing
two or three ounces make -the most I
profitable seed. M
Some of the points which deter- I
mine the value of a variety of pota
toes arc: 1, good cooking quality
and flavor; 2, the yield; 3, ability to
resist diseases; 4, the color of the
skin and tuber; 5, the shape; 6, the
depth and number of eyes. The
Americans like a nice mealy potato.
This mealy quality is due to the
union of the starch grains in a cell
into one mass, and the rupture of the
cell walls during cooking. Potatoes
which have been irrigated a great
deal arc usually not of such good
quality as those sparingly watered.
Quality also depends upon the tcm
rcraturc in which the tuber has been
produced. Those buried deep enough
in the soil to have grown in an even
temperature arc always better than
those grown near the surface where
the temperature' has varied.
Potatdcs with white or pinkish skin
and white flesh and which arc slightly
flattened and round or oval arc the j
best marketable potatoes. Shallow
eyed potatoes arc better than deep
eyed ones. Some good varieties are: '-
Early Rose, Early Ohio, Peerless, j
Burbank, Rural New Yorker, Carmen
No. 3, Eureka, Early Bangor, Early
Six Weeks and 20th Century.
Potatoes are usually planted in J
rows about 30 inches apart and 12
inches apart in the row. They may ,
be planted cither by hand or with a
planter, depending upon the size of
the piece to be planted. Cultivation
is profitable not so much to kill .
weeds, but to increase the yield by 1,
liberating plant food; 2, by maintain
ing good texture; 3, by conserving
moisture; j, by keeping weeds in
check.
PotntQes may be cultivated either
in hills or level. The hill system is
used in irrigation. Often the furrow
ing ir .ires the roots and reduces the
yield.
About a week after planting the
spike tooth harrow should be run over
the field. This creates an effective
mulch and destroys all young weeds.
The first two cultivations may be
about four inches deep after which
shallow cultivations only should be
given because the potato roots as a
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