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H i THE DESERET FARMER Saturday, December , 1908 .
THJS DESERET FARMER (THAT BIG FARM PAPER) H Combined With "Rocky Mountain H Farming." H Established 1904. H Official Organ of the M Utah State Poultry Association. M Utah Horticultural Society. fl Utah State Dairymen's Association. H Utah State Bee Keepers' Association. H Bear River Valley Farmers' Protoc ol tive and Commercial Association. M Utah Arid Farming Association. K . - 1 Issued every Saturday by the Dcs- H erct Farmer Pub Co., Salt Lake Se- H curity & Trust Building, Salt Lake H City, Utah. M Entered as second class matter Dec. M 37, 1905, at the Postoffice at Salt Lake City, Utah. H Subscription price $1.00 per year (Strictly in Advance.) M Discontinuances. H The publishers must be notified in H writing, at time of expiration, when H discontinuance of subscription is de- H sired, and all arrears must be paid. H Advertising rates made known upon H aoplication. The right is reserved to H reject questionable advertising. H All communications and remit- H tances should be addressed to "The Deaeret Farmer," Salt Lake Secun- ty & Trust Building, Salt bake City, Utah. H Lewis A. Merrill . ...... .. Editor. P. G. Peterson Asst. Editor. J. H. Harper Business Mgr. Salt Lake City, Utah, H Saturday, December 12, 1908. H The Farmers' Institute campaign H this year promises to be more effec- H tive than ever .before. The railroad train given jointly by the various B railroads of the state, Dcgins its work I on January 6th, and will continue un I interruptedly for some sixty days. It H is expected that every town that lie's I on the railroad in the state will be H' reached, and! it is hoped that a good H representation of farmer and farni H, rs' wives will be in attendance. Watch these columns for future no il tices. H , 1 n , I President Kenyon I. Butterficld of I the Massachusetts Agricultural Col- H(f lege, was formerly Superintendent of B Farmers' Institutes for Michigan. I While here he took particular intcr- I! est in the workings of Farmers' In- stitutes here, inquiring particularly I into the methods pursued last year I, where a Farmers' school was con I ducted. Mr. Butterficld expressed I himself as being very much pleased with the West and hopes to be able 1 to mk a visit to th Inter-mountain Ij country at a more opportune time. Dr. Widtsoc and the faculty of the Agricultural College arc making special efforts this year for the Win ter's course. The program has been outlined and a circular has been is sued giving the entire details regard ing this work. The fanners who can afford to leave home for a few weeks should write to the College and se cure a copy of this circular. Professors llogcnson and Cnine leave for the Uintah country early during the coming week, and will spend several dhys ill that section, at tending Farmers' Institutes there. These gentlemen arc both Utah born and have also had splendid special training elsewhere, and arc well fitted for this kind of work. The farmers of Uintah county will undoubtedly de rive much benefit from their visit. n ,,- . Dr. Henry W. Gardiner of Bo.c man, Montana, has been a visitor to the city and the writer has had pleas ure in showing him sonic of the agri cultural possibilities of this region. Dr. Gardiner is a graduate from an agricultural course, later taking his degree in veterinary medicine, and is an enthusiastic, energetic, and cour teous gentleman. This is his first visit to Utah and he has been delight ed with the evidence of thrift found on the farms in these valleys. THE COUNTRY LIFE COMMIS SION. Utah was favored last week by a portion of the committee recently sent out by President Roosevelt to inquire into the conditions obtaining on the farms and throughout the rur al districts of the country. The com mission here consisted' of Henry Wal lace, editor of Wallace's Farmer; Kenyon I. Butterficld, President of the Massachusetts Agricultural Col lege, and C. J. Blanchard of the Re clamation Service. A' met. g of the representative men of L.Ji was called to meet these gentlemen at the Governor's office. During the day three sessions were held. All phases of the pioblcm in Utah were dis cussed, and it was believed that as much good was accomplished by awakening thought and giving an op portunity for discussion among those at home here, as by the suggestions given by the commission. In fact th commission did not come here to cive suBcwtions oj make speeches, but it was a board of inquiry and as such confined themselves to their work very closely. The problems most discussed were the need of more teaching of agriculture in the public and high schools throughout the state; belter roads throughout the country, and better sanitary condi tions. The need of inter-urban rail roads and a cheaper supply of money was also discussed, but these were rather incidental. Prominent among the speakers rep resenting these various problems, were Dr. Widtsoc of the Agricultural College, J. G. Duffin, C J. Adncy, W. W. Ritcr, Dr. Bcatty, Peter Droubay, T. R. Cutler, Geo. Austin, W. S. Han sen, Prof. J. F. Merrill, Prof. W. M. Stewart, President Kingsbury, md Prof. Gillilan. Prof. Gillilan misin formed the commission in stating that the farmers of Utah were not a read ing class. The majority of the farm ers arc readers and as President Widtsoc informed the commission, the farmers of Utah arc as intelligent and efficient as can be found in any section of the United States. The writer was asked to explain be fore the commission, the work of the Farmers' Institute, and afterwards received words of congratulation from President Butterficld, on hc excel lence of the organization here. The work of the commission was helpful in many ways, and Utah re ceived) much good from the visit of the distinguished visitors. A feature of the meeting was the banquet ten dered by Governor Cutler, and an other one tendered by the State Board of Horticulture, to the visitors and invited guests o SLOVENLY FARMING. It is a fact, not vjry pleasant to contemplate, that our population in creases much more rapidly than the yield of food-stuffs and other farm products. Hence, we no longer enjoy that inestimable blessing, cheap liv ing, without which no people can long continue prosperous. There is a remedy intelligent, dili gent, and thrifty cultivatio(j of the soil. If American farmers should adopt and adhere to the methods of Belgmn and French farmers, in less than a decade the yield of our farm products would be more than doubled. We claim to be the most energetic and procrosMve population in the world, and yet, as a rule, our farmers arc some millions of slovenly agri- il culturists. Abandoned farms, worn out old fields, puny crops, weedy pas- ' turcs in evefy St'atc attest this la mentable fact. Collier's Weekly cites poor .seed as one cause of thriftless farming in the corn States. Where $2,000 in prem iums arc offered at county fairs for horse shows, but $10 in reward arc bestowed for the corn shows; where as excellence in seeds is more desir able than superiority in live stock, for it requires grain and forage to make a fine horse, ia fine cow, a fine sheep, or a fine hog. If every grain of corn planted were perfect, that of itself would double the yield of corn, and it requires no more labor to cul- i tivatc a stalk from a faultless grain J than one from a defective grain, and the same is true of wheat, oats, rye, barley, and all the vegetables. In a 1 measure, it is true of cotton, rice, and t tobacco; possibly so of hemp, clover, alfalfa, and other grasses. , There should) be more agricultural schools, and every one should have a professor in love with his science, graduated from Luther Burbank's j farm. American farms, properly tilled, could supply the world with food. A s k farmer in York county, Pa., has sue- cceded in making an average yield of 35 barrels 175 bushels of corn per acre on his land. H3e did this by in telligent rotation, perfect cultivation, and the propagation of a faultless seed. When he began, his average yield on the same farm was less that) ten barrels an acre. What that man did any other farm er of the corn belt can do by employ- j ing the same system of cultivation and devoting to the work the same love of the soil, the same intelligence to plan, and the same energy to exe cute. If some philanthropist like Mr. ' Carnegie should offer $100,000 as re ward for improved seeds, it would bring more benefit to the American people than $1,000,000 in libraries. j FOR SALE. Arid land in Cedar I Valley; 520 acres, adjoining Cedar m Fort field; J4 mile from town and railroad station; $5,000 part cash, I balance time. Address, SAMUEL STARK, 730 S. West Temple St., S. L. City. I Kindly mention the "Deseret Far-r mer" when writing to or doing busj I nets with our advertisers. "" I