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Deseret farmer. [volume] (Provo, Utah) 1904-1912, December 12, 1908, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218520/1908-12-12/ed-1/seq-6/

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6. THE DESERET FARMER sat.urday, December &,. xp9.
H Wnrrnntmd to Give SatMnoton.
I ' Qomhault's
I Caustic Balsam
Has Imitators But Mo Competitors. I
H A Safe, Speedy and Fositlvo Curo for I
H Ouik Splint Sweeny, Capned Hook, I
Mrunei Tendons, Founder, "Wind
m Pal's, and all lameness from Spavin,
B XJafboao and other bony tumor. I
H (feres all akin diseases or Parasites.
H Tkrush, Diphtheria, Remove all I
H Bvaehss from Horses or Cattle. 1
H kt a Snmanjlemedy for Rheumatirm, m
Ifralas, Boro Throat, oto., Itla Inraluabia.
H jSvrr bottlo of Gaustio Balsam sold I
Warranted to kIto sntlaUctlun. i'rlco $1.60
H yr bottlo. Bold by drugifltt, or ont by rx- m
K mm, okarRM paid, wltn full directions for
h, rtraend for dcscnptlvo circulars.
H taatiiaoRlaU, oto. Address
H ttie Lawrenct-Wllllams Co., Cleveland, 0. n
I National Field and Hog Fence
BItcs best sorrlcclastslonicest, causes no trouble. Don't
uy a fenco until you liavo written about tliln, our
Jn "Ulfmntl or Hanirer IUrb Wire. Tell
t iirinr ' it iiir - 'j uh wlmi you rmulre mul
KVOLWifi'lDARILttlRE' &xS3?$r ",,lH,,ttl
OsKalbFsneoCo., DaKalb,lll. Kansas Oily, Mo,
I BIG BARGAINS in Registered
Duroc Jersey Swine. Remember I
B am the State's Pioneer Breeder and
will pay express.
F. R. PEART, Cornish, Utah.
Registered Duroc Jersey Swine.
I For information, write or 'phone
I Collinston . - Utah.
I A BA B 6 A 1 N I
A pair of Registered Jerseys, Bull
I and Heifer, for $10500. They are
' , Ogden, Utah, R. D. No. 3
m TARQsffl
Inuw Snmplos FrooBBBssa
Namo and Address. Numborod if Desired.
LEO 0AND8 for Poultry, Pigeons, Turkoys
SALT LAKE STAMP Co. Salt Lake, Utah.
H If there is nnything tne matter with your
horses or stock, use
Fr Man or Beast. If It iloes not Cure when
allfalls.don'tpayforit. Get your money back.
Written for The Journal of Agricul
ture by H. H. Shcpard.
Many farmers do not stop to think
or realize that when a crop yield is
doubled the net profits on growing
that crop tire increased from four to
ten fold, and sometimes more, and
that manuring the land means the
same thing as acquiring more area.
The keeping and breeding of live
stock on the farm may be madlc a
profitable industry in itself, yet it may
become doubly profitable if the ma
nure made by keeping the animals is
all saved and intelligently applied to
I he land. One farmer who makes
dairying a strong branch. of his farm
ing told me recently that he valued
the butter fat as one-half, the skim
milk as one-fourth, and the manure
as one-fourth in counting his dairy
' profits. The butter fat he sold to the
J creamery, the skim milk was fed to
pigs, and the manure applied to his
corn ground. He took me to his com
field and showed me his 1908 com
crop growing on soil fertilized with
stable manure. I knew the land be
fore he began to farm it, and it was
very thin and considered almost
worthless. His com this year will
average over 50 bushels to the acre
on the same ground that previously
produced only .25 bushels. This extra
25 bushels of corn per acre at the
proscnt price, 70 cents a bushel, gives
n net gain over previous crops of
$17.50, or more than a dollar a load
for the manure for the first year, he
having applied about 15 loads per
acre. His creamery check amounted
to about $30 per month, the. cows
made about half a load of manure
each day, so that if the skim milk
was worth $15 a month for pig " J,
then $15 is about the right price tor
the manure, the total dairy products
making $6u per month, the manure
being one-fourth of the value. But
this is too low for the proportional
value of tho manure since its effects
will be shown for three or four years,
and the total increase in crops from
the soil upon which it was phiced will
be at, last double that for the first
year.- In some cases the crop on the
second year after an application of
stable manure is greater than that of
the first.
This same farmer in question has
an 80-mcrc farm and keeps about 12
cows, four work horses, two to four
colts, 20 sheep, and about 30 pigs all
the time, besides a good sized flock
of chickens. The making and use ot
manure from all of his domestic ani
mals, from the horses to the chickens,
is a science with him. He makes
through icarcful bedding and other
means every pound of manure the
animals arc capable of producing,
and he saves and uses every pound
that is made. He grows wheat and
oats for both grain and straw, and
all the straw not used for feed goes
for bedding and absorbing liquid ma
nure. It is all passed through the
stalls under the animals and then ap
plied to the corn ground, which, after
being cultivated with oats, then
wheat, then timothy, then pasture,
each one year and back to corn again.
He has so improved the fertility of
his farm through keeping animals and
making and using manure that it has
more than quadrupled in actual mon
ey value.
The enriching of the soil through
the keeping of animals is both cheap
and easy. Much of the manure docs
not hav to be handled at all. Fields
that arc pastured receive full benefit
of both solid and liquid animal excre
ments without the expenditure of
niamual labor. Manure: from barn
lots and feed lots if properly located
will wash out over the fields and be
come of immediate value without ef
fort on the part of the farmer.
Coarse Feeds Utilized.
On every general farm a great
amount of rough feeds arc produced
that have 110 profitable market value.
Without animals they can not be used
for feed, and their fertilizing value
without treatment is small. With
animals these rough feeds may be
turned to profit through the animals,
and portions which arc not eaten
make good bedding and the richest of
fertilizers after being mixed with the
animals' droppings. It is difficult to
sell oftt or wheat straw or corn stov
er, but these same rough feeds will
make .fully half the rations for sheep,
cattle, horses, and Colts over winter,
representing good money in animal
gains, besides the value of the manure. '
Animals stalled through the winter I
require bedding. The bedding makes
the animals comfortable and healthy,
it absorbs the liquid manure, the best
part of it, and it becomes of great
value when applied to the land in sup
plying actual plant foods, preventing
the soil from washing, and improving
its physical nature by making it light
and porous for the admission of air
and the growth of beneficial soil bac
teria. Commercial fertilizers arc a good
thing, but their use on soils deficient
in humus is not to be commended. j
Without humus in the soil most of
themi seem to net as a whip to a tired
horse, and leave them after a year or
two in a worse, condition than before.
Stable manure is one of the test
known substances for supplying soil
humus. It makes the soil warm, fri
able, retentive of moisture in dry
weather, porous, light, and easy to
work. Phosphates, for instance, can
be applied with stable manure and the
value of both materially increased.
Growing crops year after year and
selling them from the farm will in
time exhaust the soil regardless of
how fertile it was in the beginning.
The earth may be full of coal, but
constant mining will finally exhaust
the store; so, the soil may be deep
tand rich, but constant cropping and
selling the crops will surely use it all
up after awhile. With stock raising
on the farm-, and feeding all of the
crops to the animals, selling only the
condensed, finished product, nearly
all of the soil fertility is returned.
Where heavy stock raising is prac
ticed and some feeds purchased from
outside sources the soil may be ac
tually made to increase in fertility
through the farming operations alone
without directly buying any fertilizers.
In dairying where bran and other
ground feeds arc purchased and only
the cream or butter sold a farm may
be rapidly built up. Butter is a car
bon compound, coming almost whol
ly from water and the air, so that in
butter dairying only a few pounds of
soil fertility arc removed with each
ton of butter. If much feed is pur
chased the loss is restored many hun
dredfold. The man who wishes to
build up poor land can do it no more
quickly and with less expense than j
with a good herd of dairy cows and

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