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H JA , ; T HH D & S & XCJB'X ' JfrA E M JE & SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1909. 1
j j "r" - - 1 I I HORTICULTURE I H SMUDGING TO PREVENT m FROST. H The idea has prevailed among our H I fruit grower iop some .time that. H ij smokc'ovcr an orchard; produced H by smudging, acts as a - protective H agency. .The theory is that the' cloud H of smoke fornjed over an .orchard H will prqvcnt a lowering-, of the tcm- H pcraturc and alsq in case of frost .. H wit'Pprotcct the budsin the morning H from too rapid heating by the. sun. H This theory so far as it goes is well" H and mood, but as a protective agent, H smoke iis insufficient and our fruit ; n & 1 k 1 y t growers have turned their attention not only to attempts to prevent the lowering of the temperature in their . 1 orchards but have devised -methods forctuallyraiSing the temperature from five to eleven degrees. To this end orchard heaters have come into use and more than a hundred thous- . .in.d Of them arc' nowise t in the Grand .',' valley ready for the torch. The olJ smudge method formed a cloud of smoke, which acted as a blanket over ft T the orchard and lessened the radia- tioTi of the warm air near the ground and as1 a consequence prevented to i.ome extent a fak in temperature. The more recent orchard heaters not only raise the same cloud of smoke which has been found beneficial but docs more and therefore is a great er protection. By the burning of oil or coal in these orchard heaters the temperature can actually be raised from five to eleven degrees, thus keeping the orchard out of danger except perhaps under exceptional conditions. These orchard heaters have been tried in a great many fruit districts and will become an import ant agent in fruit protection as their efficiency becomes better understood. .They wi.l be found a reliable and inex pensive., form of insurance which no H , fTtik .viJAtl. Jk;1 C 135-139 So. SLU St. J. F. BURTON : Utah implement-Vehicle Co. salt lale city cen'i. Mgr. B I ;1danielsen plow company m . . . . e on double m ' JJ : trol. M . FACTORY SAMTJFT PWXWRCrfcXr General, Offiqe and Warehouse M ItfDEPENDENCE, JACKSON 0,, "'mul Jrr, A r,iauiN q south SiXTH WEST B Mir uuri General Manager salt lake city fruit grower can afford to do with- n out for no country has yet been found jl which has absolute security from B frost and Colorado is certainly not M immune. Field and Farm. H j HOW TO CAKE FOR YOUNG B CABBAGE PLANTS. Clara Stewart, B. Y. U. I The cabbage is a palatable vegc- table for winter. When taken care m of properly, it will keep till spring. It is best to plant cabbage in the jf open ground after all danger of frost I is over. They arc not very tender JU and when once started, will grow j l very rapidly under proper care; but r the purpose here is how to care for the plants in the hot bed, a very ne cessary thing if the vegetable is to be raised for summer use. Take a shallow box and fill with sandy, loamy soil, sow the seed broadcast and cover about one-eighth of an inch. Kacc the box in a sun ny window, in a room where the tem perature will not fall to the freezing point. I In a week or ten days, the tiny J seedlings will be seen peering above 1 the soil. When they arc three or I four weeks old, their quarters be- come too small for them, and pre- J paration should be made for trans- 1 planting. This time a larger box should be secured, with a depth of about five inches. Before the plants arc moved from the first bed, they should dry out in order to toughen the stems, and cause the roots to grow: However, a few hours before taking the plants up, the soil should be soaked thoroughly. Leave as much soil on the roots as possible, and water well when trans ferred to the other box, so that the air may be driven from the roots. 1 Keep in a shaded part of the house about three days, then bring to the sunlight. If the weather will permit, it is better to set the box on the sunny side of the house, for the plants will tend to grow stalky, healthy, and vigorous in the fresh air. On the other hand too much artificial heat will have a tendency to make them slender and weak. There is not much to do now, but H lo water, and cover them up well ar J j ' - -y. " C A PUT A BURGLAR ALARM ON YOUR BARN, STOREHOUSES, OUTHOUS- r-kiifl P- m DAIiQ SALT LAKE CITy I H Eft, ETC IT PAYS. BUCKLE GL OlJlNO UTAH.