vs WANTS BIO ARMY.
ttajor General Sell Saya Unole San
Should Have 50,000 Men.
A United States array of 250,000 met
fbat Is what Ma J. Gen. J. Franklin
ell, chief of staff, say Uncle Sana
yvenld neod If lavelvod in war with
Elrst-claaa purer. "We should not
oursrtvea to name a fa 106 seas
. rarity," soya t&lj nan, wlo ka Ca
tiaffce of the United State army, ta
V annual report, "or continue te en
tertain the Illusion that brave, but
retrained, unorganized people caa crap
l.f auecenfnUy with another aatloa
letter trained and organdied."
Ala la from Gen. Sell's report, la
Vka he asks the epverajneae f eat
let important fact receaavnaeaAaf as
lflNase la the amy and the restefl-
Be of the canteen.
It is a modest assumption," say
I en. Bell "te aay that (He Varied
tales will, if bwtlved la war with
any flrst-claes pawer, require the lta
tnedlate mebUlzattea ef 2u,00 men,
Co be speedily fetowed -fey as many
tnore, with a posaKAe ultimate addV
tloftal Increase of Hear times that wai
ter. "One Atvfeioa, 18,00 troops. Is, of
course, not sufficient to meet any need
ftt a time Yhen isolation has become
thing ef the past, and we hare point
4f a possible friction in so many di
rections. That we can first in aAy
popular outburst raise volunteers la
0eat numbers may be admitted. We
i lava the men, the money, etc., but
we will not bare the time to convert
these men lute soldiers able'to cope
with the trained soldiers of other na-
Sons. It can be safely relied upon
tat the remoteness of war largely de
pends upon preparation to meet It Un
less other great nations are wrong
and wasting time and money, they are
giving us an object lcssoa which
Americans will some time have to
learn by costly and humiliating experi
ence, and which It Is the urgent duty
. of professional soldiers to point out;
tamely, that time and training are
both necessary to convert au untrained
Volunteer Into a soldier, whether for
Infantry, cavalry, artillery, engineers
ve signal oerpa. The last great war
Clearly demonstrated that the side
which II rflndy and acts promptly gains
$ decisive advantage.
The engiaeer force as now organ
ise Is insUSlelent for the needs erea
proper peace training of the arosy.
ring the past two years, on net less
is -ten or twelve occasions, actual
Unessltles for engineer troops have
tUseu whfch could not bo met, because
f the relative smallnees of this branch
ff the service."
Reports are, to the effect that the Wis
t ectasia Central is securing a through rout
between Chicago and Winnipeg by tht
way of Duluth. .."..
The management of the Pennsylvania
road has issued Instructions that wher
ever possible business shall be transacted
by train letters instead of telegraph. Tba
Tfer is in the interest of economy and
has resulted in reducing ths daily n am
ber of messages sent from the Broad
street station, Philadelphia, by nearly
On New Tear's eve culminated a
vaJqae movement for industrial temper
ance when a pledge of total abstinence
Signed by 25.000 employes of the North
Western railroad went into effect. It
started among the employes after It had
been made known that the management
was selecting the drinking men for dis
missal in reducing the force.
The railroad companies doing business
In Missouri have about decided not to con
test the State 2-cent fare law, because
they are now confident that the reduction
of traffic shown by their figures since ths
law went into effect will satisfy the courts
that it is inequitable and confiscatory. A
Missouri Pacilc official said the receipts
had deelined 90 per cent in the last ninety
days, and a Wabash man aaid that the
combined loss te all the roads la passenger
traffic alone was $(1,000,009.
It is estimated by members of the car
service committee that between $700,900,'
and $1.00,000,00f worth of eqnlp
anent is idle la the country and that it
Is therefore coating the railroads nearly
' $4,O09,a00 a month In Interest charges te
amaiataia it in idleness. There are 375,-
09 freight ears standing idle on side
tracks throughout the country. It is stat
ed that for every thirty freight cars Which
have become idle aa engine haa been put
as roe enops, wnica weuie mean tbat fully
12,000 locomotives are without loads te
Attorney General Bonaparte haa com
aneaoed action under the Sherman anti
trust law te dissolve the merger of the
Harrlman mtoreeta in the Southern Pa-
iff im4 thu Flnlm PaiaHi railnuila Itila
It ia pnrwnance of an investigation and
sepert aaaae Dy opens! Attorney Frank
8. Ketlofg, on behalf of the interstate
commerce comsiieulon. Mr. Kellogg, with
Mr. Severance of St. Paul, Minn., will
have ebarae of the preoecntion of the suit,
which will Drohuhlv ba Imwiid In Utah
The proceedings will be similar to those
rengnt against me IMortuern (Securities
Ceateany by the govorumeut some years
sew. t. v. ecu.
IF PAY IS fH3T RAISED
Officers Deeply Concerned Over
Future if Men Are Not Given
MORE INFANTRY IS NEEDED.
Half-Filled Regiments Result of Low
Wages for Work Enlightening
Article by General Carter.
Wahiagton correspondence : '
One could not exaggerate If he would
the spirit of actual boiwlcssuess with
which the officers of the American
army will view the future If Congress
falls at the present session to pass the
bill granting an Increase of pny to the
rank and file. At some of the posts
there are barely enough soldiers to do
guard duty as it ought to be done,
(t Is a present condition with which
tho army officers are coucerncd first,
and it Is a future condition over which
they are concerned second. The fu
ture condition is the more serious, be
cause It menus that If things, go on as
they have been doing the country and
Its Island possessions will be defense
less. , Men wbo have worn shoulder knots
since the days of the civil war suy
In all seriousness that unless the peo
ple bring pressure to bear upon Con
gress to provide adequate pny for the
soldiers the' people will find them
selves, as far as the regular army en
ters into the matter, practically with
out defense, and reduced almost to the
stage of having no seasoned force as
a nucleus of efficiency for untrained
national guardsmen and green volun
teers. Post libraries, recreation rooms,
field athletics, comfortable quarters,
good food, good clothing, free medical
attendance and plunge and shower
baths all avail nothing to uttrnct men
to a life which would draw thorn by
the thousands If a decent allowance
of pay for the service they jx-nder In
peace, and always have been willing to
render In wnr, were added te the in
ducements. Joint encampments of the regulars
and the national guardsmen will be
held next summer. The regulars en
Joy camp as well ns'gnrrlson service,
though the duties are harder. It Is
the belief of officers of the army that
these encampments, Into whoxo mili
tary life rue unttoiml state soldiers en
ter, would Induce enlistments from
the national guard by the hundreds If
the men knew that their pay would be
commensurate with the work they are
willing to do for their country.
In a recent number of the, North
American Itevlew General William H.
Carter, commanding the Department
of the Lakes, has an enlightening arti
cle under the strongly suggestive title.
"When Diplomacy Falls." It Is writ
ten by an olllcer not given to souhrflng
trmuiKt alarm notes and vw for the
worth of his service was made a Hrlg
adler General years before the time
when under the ofdinury rule of pro
motion ho would have been eutltled to
wear his star.
Army officials believe that If the es
tablishment were enlarged post life
would be far more attractive Ikh-buso
of the greater numlor of Soldiers In
the gurrlsou. If the proposed advance
In pay Is passed by Congress the offi
cers also Iwlleve that there will be no
trouble la keeping the ranks filled, and
that re-cnllstiuents will be tho rule
rather thnn the exception, ns they are
MISSOUM BANK ROBBED.
X'lve Bandits Wreck Building and
Terrorize Town.of Rich Hill.
Taklr.1 $23,000 after dynamiting and
wrecking tho building of the Farmers
and Manufacturers' Hank In Itleh 11111,
Mo., Ave baudlts, heavily armed, ter
rorized cltliM'us early the' other morn
ing and after exchanging shota with
the sheriff's pose escaped to the rough
country south. No one was Injured.
A terrific explosion caused by the
dynamiting of the vault of the bank
awakened the twwn half an hour after
midnight and the population hurried to
the two-Btory brick bank In the center
of tho city. Many arrived in tlmo to
see the robbers riding away. Some of
the citizens opened tiro on the fleeing
bandits and tho latter returned the fire.
Cashier J. W. Jamison said that all
the available cash In the bank was
taken by the robbers. Tho building
was ruined and several other bulbil
were damagod by tho explosion. The
suerifT orguulsed a imsso, but the rob
bers had a good start.
A an last L.n Womoa Ularra.
A Jury haa decided that Mrs. Harriet
Stanton Blutcb cannot compel the Hoff
man lloase of New York la wrv tii.ki.
to her after 0 In the ermine-. wkn i..
la uuaocmianied by a aian. Mrs. Watch
at once ajMaktd ths case, and she will be
supported in carrying the matter to thu
highest court by the Oi maimers' League
and the Federation of Women's OiiIul a
bill te preveut the diwrlmlnatioa against
women by hot! in this way haa beer
introduced in the Legislature.
TrS-UetM l,o.M -Jt.
Judge Thomiwon, la the United States
Oeurt at Cincinnati, has hauded down a
dioisien ad'srse to the United Typothetw
in its cum agaiimt (he International
Printing Prmsunen's and Assistants'
Union ot Nertk America, asking for an
injunction to prevent the ofBi-vra ef tht
union from eating a alrike. The Typoth
etu set up an agreement for a nine
hour day until Jan. 1, l'.KK). This, wall
sigued by soma of the officers, had not
beun ratified by the union, therefore tb
court holds that it was net binding upon
HALF A BILLION FOR CANALS.
Stupendoua Scheme of Senator JTw
landa, of Nevada.
Congresw nt Its present session will
face the greatest scheme for the ag
grandizement of the commerce of the
.,v--.v.j- i v , I country that was
will have before It
the bill of Senator,
Newlands of Ne
vada, creating a
first fund of $"0,
000,000 for an In
land waterway par
alleling the shores
of the Atlantic and
r" r .is . t i
. O. MiWl.ANUS. - Oe HUH OI JlfXKTJ
and contemjilatlng the exj)endlture of
$500,000,000 within the next teu years.
It may not pass at this session. But
that It must pass, or that some meas
ure of commensurate magnitude must
speedily be adopted, every man In Amer
ican public life, from minor politician
to far-seeing statesman, has already
conceded. There Is no choice, no alter
native, unless It be the chojee of purblind-
Senator Newlands, who Introduced
the bill, Is one of the experts selected
by the President as specially .qualified
for membership In the Inland Water
ways Commission tlw Nevadu author
ity whose broad knowledge of.the sub
ject ranks him with Frederick H. New
ell, the director of the reclamation ser
vice; Dr. W. J. Mcflee, the distinguish
ed expert of the geological bureau ;
Olfford, Pinchot, the government for
ester; Senator Warner of Missouri,
who has been one of the most thorough-?
ly versed students of the plan, and
Representative Burton, long acknowl
edged as the Congressman qualified to
speak the last word of wisdom upon
the needs of the country's rivers and
"In the next ten yenrs," declares
Senator Newlands, "the United States
should spend at least $500,000,000 In
the Improvement of Inland .waters. The
government should enter Into this work
In every section of the country, on the
Pacific const, the Atlantic coast, the
Gulf coast, and along the Mississippi
river and Its tributaries."
The proposal Is to cut a channel at
the northern end of the lnterconstal
canal, from Burnstable bay, north of
Cape Cod, to Huzza rd'a Bay, giving ac
cess to the comparatively smooth wat
ers of Buzzard's bay und an Inner pas
sage down Long Island sound to the
Delaware and Ilaritan canal, at Perth
The Delaware and Rnrltan, deepen
ed, is to give access to the Delaware
river ut Trenton, N. J., whence there
will be the route of natural water
courses to the Chesapeake and Dela
ware canal, which extends across the
narrow neck of Deluwnre and the east
ern shore of Maryland. This will pro
vide a ship route from the Delaware
river to the Chesnpeake bay. '
Down the Chesapeake bay the route '
proceeds to Norfolk and down the
south branch of the Kllzabeth river.
It Is likely to cut across Currituck ,
sound, throngh Coanjock bny, across
North Carolina, into Albemarle sound
and( on through Crontan sound Into
Cutting through the Beaufort, It has
access, by means of various cuttings, to
au Inlund route paralleling the whole
Atlantic const lino down to Florida,
and then on, skirting the Gulf of Mex
ico and ndinlttlng the enormous troffle
of the Mississippi,' to Texas and to the
mouth of the HIo Grande.
The University of Wisconsin will have
four coaches to make Its football eleven
for next season. ,
The Columbia Yacht Club of Chicago
is preparing for an Increased interest in
yacht racing on the Grpat Lakes.
The Grinnell trnck team, last year the
champions of Iowa, will make a strong
bid for the sume honors this spring.
The uiuungeuient at Nebraska has of
fered the Thanksgiving football date to
Ames, tho game to be played in Lincoln.
In a roller skating contest at Chicago
Miss Piukertou and Miss Souchard cov
ered fifty-one miles and eight laps In fouY
In connection with the Cuban white
festival it has been decided to inaugurate
horse racing on a new truck at liuer.a
Vista, near Havana.
On a slushy track at Oakland, Cat, the
best race the other day was the sevon
turloug event, which was won by Ha
leigh, In a game I'minli.
Louis Drill, one of St. Paul's i .'ternn
catchers, who played with Pueblo, Colo.,
lttHt season, will mamige the Terra Haute,
Ind., teuni this scaium.
At Lo Angeles, Cel., Buttling Nelson
was given the worst beating in ten rounds
that ho ever received. Iludolph Unbolt
won on the bit, beuting the Dune at every
kind of fighting which the former light
weight champion introduced.
George Huckeuschuiidt of Russia easily
defeated Joseph Rogers, American, In the
wrestling match at Oxford mmde hall,
London, for the clmmpiontihip of the
The girls' baHketball team of the State
agricultural school defeated the girls ot
Druuuuond hall, Minneapolis, in the ar
mory at the agricultural school, by a
score of 34 to ;).
At South Bend, Ind., In a wrestling
match for a $100 purse "Wild Joe" Col
lins of Wisconsin defeated Dun McBride
of Cleveland, winning two successive falls
in 81 and 23 minutes.
The negotiations between Nebraska uni
versity aud Iowa university for a game
of football to be played between tba
teams representing the two institutions
next fall have fallen through.
' A Russian trottiug mare of the famous
Orloff breed has arrived in America for
the purpose of being bred to a stallion
through whose veins runs the pure blood
strain of ths American trotting breed.
Thomas A. llueatou of St. Loula suc
cessfully defended his title as champion
fool player by defeating Isronm Kcogh
of Buffalo, the score for tht three nights'
play in St. Louis being: Hues ton tfOCL
.v--' t,v Yi,;
DAVIS NOT TO MARRY.
Family Opposes Union of Aged Mil
lionaire and Mlso Aahford.
Miss Maud Ashfordwlll not become
the wife of former Senator Henry Gas
sawny DuvK the iiiultl-intlllonalra
West Virginian nnd fnther-ln-lnw of
Senator Stephen B. K.lklns of thai
State. The engagement between Mlsi
Asliford and Mr. Davis has been brok
en, It is stated. There will be no breach
if promise suit, no money settlement by
Mr. Davis on Miss Asliford and no fur
ther consideration of an alliance be
tween them. These statements, accord
ing to a Washington dispatch, wen
made hy M iss Asliford. Rumors had
been circulated that this would be thi
outcome, lava use of the strong opposi
tion to the projxtsed marriage by Mra
Klklns, daughter of Mr. Davis, and
members of her family.
YOUNG KING OF PORTUGAL.
Manuel II, at Age of Eighteen Takei
His Murdered Father's Place.
Very unexpectedly n boy of 18 li
raised to the rcKpoimthllitics of King ol
Portugal. Young Prince Manuel nntur
ally felt that the burdens and dignity
of that high dace were far removeO
from 1 1 1 1 ii. Ills royal father was Is
the prime of life und his elder brothel
stood between lilm and successUm. Bui
the bullets of the assassins Yembved
the King nnd the crown prince in i
twinkling nntl upon an 'untrained boj
develops the tremendous duties and
cures of Kingship.
Manuel II., who was proclaimed
King the morning nftcr his fathor'i
death, has served his country' In tin
navy. He Is a blonde, tall, well edu
cated nnd considered good-looking. IU
is said to possess the qualities whlcl
go toward making a determined ruler
Fortunately for him, in the preseni
disturbed condition of nffnlrs England
Is bound by trenty not only to prevent
an Invasion of his country but to main
tain the present dynasty on the throne
Any effort, therefore, to place a pre
tender In his place would lend to arm
ed Intervention on the part of Grea'
Resmllatn "Cbrlatlnn Paycholoarr'
lshop Fallows, who Is heading th
-movement of Christian psychology ii
Chicago, has made it very clear that thli
movement is not to be mistaken as t
phuBe of Christian Science. Now Mr
Archibald McLcllus, speaking for Mrs
Kdd.v through the Christian Science Sen
tinel, utterly repudiates any recogaltiet
of t hristiau psychology, saying: "H
teachings show that she cannot isdorse ai
Christianity the two distinctly contradio
tory statements and points of view con
tulned In the term 'Christian psychol
ogy' otherwise Christian materialism.'
Speaking of the teaching of Jesus, hi
says : "lie never complicated spirit witl
matter, never tnucht the finite onnositi
of God, spirit, infinity , all. As revealed
in Christ iun Science, God ia unconseiout
of matter, for If he is spirit and all, hi
cannot know aught that would be the
very unlikeness of himself in quantity
quality and divinity.
SHOUT HEWS NOTES.
The Peunsylvnna Railway Company'
summer freight houxe at Cleveland an(
about twenty freight cars were burned
Fire destroyed a part of the Molsoi
warehouse, occupied by the Canadian Pa
i-ific railway at Montreal. Loss $'HX,000
. covered by iusurasce.
The Ohio Supreme Court set aside thi
Indict meuta which had been found again
the so-called briage trust, holding thai
the t-hargea were not sufficiently definite
An office buildiug at Portsmouth, Va,
containing valuable records belonging to
the Seaboard Air Line railway, waj
wrecked by fire and water.
Six Italians supposed to be membt-n
of a Black Hand society are under nrrc
at Canton, Ohio, uyon charges of huviuj
threatenud to kiU ttikt Altlro, a saloon
keeper, If he did aot giva them $50 aiW
join their society.
Chancellor Ilviskell at Memphis, Ten a.
made permanent an injunction prohibltini
an ergauuation of negroea styling them
selves the Improved Benevolent Order ol
F.Iks, with grand lodg beadiusrter ir
Ihkwge, frsiu uslug tht saut "Ulk."
4' Vj ,..-m
HETTY GIVES 110 GASH
ON VANDERBILT GEMS
Refuses to Plsy Pawnbroker and
Furnish Money to Go to
RICH ON VERGE OF POVERTY.
Woman Financier Tells of Big Loans
and Makes Prophecies on
Mr. Hetty Green, Queen of Finance,
has been "hearing things," and the
other day in an Interview t Boston
she eoiilhled In the public through the
pi ess. The financial stringency has
(dunged many of the notably rich Into
a sea of temporary poverty, If Mrs.
Green's statements are true. Mrs.
Green, according to her story, got un
der cover before the pinch hit, nnd had
plenty of cosh. Then the financiers
came to her on bended knees for relief.
The Vnnderbilt family, she says,
came to her with their family Jewels.
They wanted her to take them as se
curity for u loan. This was before
Gladys married the count. Mrs.' Green
told them, she said, that she didn't
deal In diamonds, and their offer was
spurned. "They say Mrs. Cornelius
Vnnderbilt is going to marry n Hunga
rian count," said Mrs. (Jreen. "She
ought to have n guardian Instead."
Mrs. Green says men high In politics
have tipped off the Inside' Information
on the presidential nomination. Roose
velt, she says, Is to be nominated again.
Tuft knows it, too. She says the scheme
Is to pose Tuft before the country as
the President's choice.' He will get all
the delegates he can and then will get
up himself and nominate Roosevelt. It
Is all framed up, declares Mrs.. Green.
She says money Is easier, but hard
times will continue until after the elec
VICTIMS OF IGNORANCE.
Boukhobors ot Canada Preparing
for Another Outburst.
Reports received nt Ottuwa, Out., In
dicate that the coining spring will see
the 7,iOO Doukhobors leave their Nortu-
west communities and go on another
wild pllgrlmiiKC. All accounts agree
that the fanaticism of the sect has no
parallel In modern times.
Doukho'oor leaders have been partic
ularly busy issuing decrees since the be
ginning of winter, nnd each new pro
mulgation seems to have been drafted
with a desire to outdo the preceding
oi-es In Inflicting hardship and suffer
ing on "the faithful." Children are
said to be dying for want of proper
food. The people are paupers. They
have obeyed an order to sell all their
cattle and sheep.
All products of the land go to the
sect leaders. AW chickens have been
sold In obedience to a decree." Tea,
coffee, sugar and pancakes have been
tabootd and the general diet has been
narrowed to raw potatoes, onions, car
rots, turnips and u few other vege
tables. Among the latest decrees have
been those abolishing timepieces nnd
looking glasses. Agents of the leaders
have taken away from the people ubout
$",mio worth of clocks and watches.
The women, who are noted for their
deftness with their needles,, have been
forbidden to make any more embroid
ery. The Doukhobor wheat Is handled by
a committee, which does what it
pleases with It. This committee con
trols pretty nearly everything In the
way of labor. The gangs which work
on the railway and In the community
brickyard pny over their wages to the
committee without receipt. But when
It comes to be laborers getting their
meager food allowances from the com
mlttce they ore compelled to give a
receipt for every ounce.
In one district 500 persons are living
In two houses. Each adult Is allowed
ii sleeping space of four feet wide. All
have to climb Into their beds over the
footboards. The younger men are
stowed nwny In the garrets of the
houses after the fashion of canned sur
HARD LUCK TAXES.
Two women were found dead In the
kitchen of a fashionably furnished 22
room house at No. R51 West Seventy-first
street. New .York, of which they were
caretakers. There was a little coal in a
bin In the cellar and 17 cents was found
in a cupboard.
Nelson P. Thoren, a prosperous and
respected farmer living on the Vhite
Bear road west of Stillwater, Minn., fell
from a cuke of ice dead. Assisted by his
son he was pulling ice from a small lake,
to be stored on the farm. Being over
come with faiutness he sat down on a
c-nke of ice and a moment later fell over
dead. Heart disease was the cause of
Copt. Smith, master of the British
steamer Ashtield, cleiu-fid from Mobile,
Ala., for Nlpa, Cuba, committed .suicide
by drinking poison in his stateroom fol
low ing a mutiny of the crew while on
the high sens.
At his own request William WInrich,
an orphan boy of Morrisonville, Wis., was
sent to the State reformatory at Wau
kesha. The boy, who is 14 years old, de
clared to the judge that he was tired of
knocking about, and desired to be sent
to some place where be wonld have a
chauce to learn a useful trade and get
' After eight years of biding from busi
ness failure In Saginaw, Mich., William
Andrews, trapper and hunter, blew off
the top of his head in his shack in the
woods about a quarter of aTnlle from
Allen Junction station, on the Mesaba
iron range. The body was found with the
rifle clutched in the dead man's banda.
William Bobbins, aged 10 years, the
on of .1mci Bobbins, a prominent farm
er residing neur Oilman, Iowa, waa in
stantly killed by falling from a wagon,
which ran over him. He and a little com
panion tried to climb upon the wagon,
and in doing so young Robbins fell, and
tba rear wheal passed over bis body.
FRESH AIR SCHOOL
Hot Soapstonas Furnished Pupils
with Cold Feet
A fresh air school, unique among ed
ucational Institutions In this country,
has Just liecn opened la Providence,
B. I. The school will he conducted In
doors, la that It is held Inside a build
ing, but great swinging windows on
three sides of each room, extending the
length and width of each, and aa ex
tensive system of ventilation afford an
atmosphere of cold, pure air, making
the room easily adaptable to the con
ditions necessary to comfortable add
hygienic study by every student.
The Idea of establishing the school
was first suggested by the Rhode Isl
and . League for the Suppression of
Tuberculosis, which had heard of the
satisfactory results attained by many
schools of the kind In European coun
tries. The system In operation In the
German schools, which Is almost uni
versal throughout Europe, has been
adopted for the Providence school with
but few variations. ,
The usual custom of removing the
outer wraps while In the class rooms
will not be followed In the "fresh air
school," except when the weather com
pels the closing of the large windows.
Students subject to cold extremities
will have .their feet and legs encased
In woolen bags, made for the purpose,
and wear gloves or mittens when thslr
studies nnd play permit. The choirs
and desks-and other paraphernalia In
the eld ss rooms have been constructed
on portable platforms so that It will
be jHjsslble nt all times to keep within
the rays of the sun. The school Is a
part of the city's regular school sy
A MODERN UTOPIA.
Millionaire's Plan for a Model
' Village in Ohio.
Jumes W. Ellsworth, a coal operator,
whose home Is In New York, has taken
under his protection the village of
Hudson, In northern Ohio, which was
for more than half a century the seat
of Western Reserve University, and
Intends to make It the most beautiful
spot In Ohio, as well as a seat of
learntug. He has already made one
gift of $100,000 to the village, and
within the next few months he will
spend many additional thousands In
beautifying the little town nnd carry
ing out his plan of making It nn edu
Perhnps the most novel part of the
program In beautifying the village Is
the destruction of unsightly buildings
and everything In fact that does not
suit his taste. His agents have been
busy buying up property all over the
village on which ore located buildings
which he thinks are a detriment to his
plans. These structures will be torn
down aud flue new buildings erected In
' Ellsworth Is over G0 years of age
and was born on a small farm near a
splendid estate he owns not far from
Hudson. His father conducted a gen
eral store In the village. As a young
man the son moved to Chicago. He
obtained employment there In the office
of a big coal firm. After several years'
hard work he started In the coal bus!
ness for himself. In a few years he
became one of the largest iudepeudent
coal operators in the country.
Cabinetmakers' Union, of St. Paul,
and Minneapolis, 'Minn., have formed a
district council. '
Minneapolis, Minn., Trades Assembly
represents about 13,000 members of labor
unions in Minneapolis.
In Germany the strongest trade union
affiliated with the general federation is
that of the nietal workers, which at the
close of l'.KMl had a membership of ,TKy
Efforts are being made to organize a
branch of the independent labor party In
Toronio, Canada. Fees an J applications
from several hundred luba" men nave al
ready been received, and it 'a expected t3
have at least 5,000 names before 'the end
or the year. y
The new Alabama child labor law re
cently went into effect. It forbids the
employment of children, under twelve
years of age in cotton mills and other in
dustries, aud children between the ages of
twelve aud fourteen are not allowed to
work full time. i
In the Clyde shipyards the shadow of
the threatened, strike has been removed,
the men having accepted. a reduction of
5 per cent on piece rates, the masters
having on their side ngreed to forego the
proposed reduction of one farthing per
hour on time rates.
The eleventh annual convention of the
Tennessee Federation of Labor, held re
cently, took practical steps looking toward
obtaining fuvorable legislation for labor
in Tennessee, and a campaign will be in
stituted to obtain more thorough organ
ization ot. tho laboring people.' ,
Industrial conditions are greatly im
proved in Bridgeport, Conn. Every fac
tory has resumed operations, some in full
force and others to perhaps 75 per cent
of their capacity, and some which were
running on short time will Increase the
number of working hours each week.
Plans are being made by the Structural
Building Trades Alliunce and the Central
Labor Union of Spokane, Wash., to erect
a labor temple In that city to cost $75,
0(10. There are 7,000 union men in Spo
kane, and by 40 per cent of them taking
$25 worth of stock the amount can be
The right of the State Legislature un
der the constitution of the United States
to enact a law prohibiting the employ
ment of female laborers for more than
ten hours a day, in which the State of
Oregon ia Involved, was argued before ths
Supreme Court of the United States re
cently. President Roosevelt's recommendation
to Congress for a postal savings bank is
meeting with tba indorsement of. union
labor throughout the country. It ia look
ed upon aa a boon to the mechanics, ia
that it givea them a place of absolute se
curity to place their savings, whether
tbey are of large or amall amount.
Discussing trade in the Chicago die
trlct for the lost week, R. G. Dun A
Company's report says :
The general course of trade is beaded
toward recovery, although the returns
disclose some irregularity. . Operation!
this week were restricted to some extent
by unfavorable weather nnd the holiday,
and there are smaller marketings of farm,
products, less freight movemeut and de
cline In payments through the banks.
Against these temporary setbacks there
are gratifying offsets in important re
sumptions at the mills and furnaces, fur
ther re-employment of workers and an
improved demand for manufacture and
Retail trade here and at most Interior
points benefited from a wider buying of
heavy winter apparel and depletion of
stocks previously in slow absorption.
The attendance of country buyers in
the wholesnlc markets for "staple goods
shows seasonable increase and dealings
are encouragingly stimulated in dry goods,
woolens, clothing, footwear and food pro
The bookings in some respects make
favorable comparison with a year ago,
and the aggregate woiildhave been bet
ter were all buyers making their usual
full selections of needs, but there is yet
a rather conservative feeling, which is
likelysto last until the trend of prices and
the business on t look become more settled.
Road salesmen have fair success in the
textile bronches and new accounts are
opened in the south nnd southwest sec
tions, ludicntions generally encourage
confidence in the prospects for wholesale
and jobbiug uctivlty.
Manufacturing is nof yet marked by an '
appreciable increase of outputs and im
provement in deliveries is not expected to
become general before spring. The situa
tion, however, is better by the machinery
set in motion aud reduction of the unem
ployed. Inquiries appear more plentiful in iron
and steel branches, especially for rays.
structural shapes and wire products; -
Bank clearings, $201,41U,H5tt, are 10.3
per cent under those of the corresponding
week of HX)7.
Failures in the Chicago district num
ber .'13. against 32 last week and 25 a
year ago. Those with liabilities over $5,
000 number 10, against 0 last week and 6
a year ago.
Buyers of spring goods are more in evi
dence this week at all markets, responding
to the advance of the season, and joltbing
trnde shows more vim than at any time
since lost autumn. In no case, however,
is the bnying reported ns equal to a year
ogo, and in some cases the decreases are
very heavy. The easing of prices of sta-'
pies shown in Jauunry has gone further
this week. Building was nt low ebb in
January, and this is reflected in easy
prices for lumber. Business foilurps in
the United States for tho week ending
Feb. 13 number 824, against 272 last
week. 204 in the like week of 1007, 20S
in 1000, 243 in 1005 and 231 in 1004.
Canadian failures for the eek number
44, ns against 50 lost week and 20 ia
this week a year ago. Braistreet's Com
Chicago Cattle, common to prime,
(4.00 'to $0.10; hogs, prime heavy, $4.0O
to $4.35; sheep, fair to choice, $3.0
to $5.25; wheat. No. 2, U2c to 113c;
corn, No. 2, utic to 57c; oats, standard,
4!)c to 50c; rye, No. 2, SOe to 81c; bay.
timothy. fjiU.50 to $15.00; prairie, ifS.OO
to $12.50; butter, choice creamery, 27c
to .33c ; eggs, fresh, 10c to 22c ; potatoes,
per bushel, 02c to 73c.
Indianapolis Cattle, shipping, $3.0f
to $5.75; hogs, good to choice heavy,
$3.50 to $1.05; sheep, common to prime,
$3.00 to $4.50 ; wheat, No. 2, 97c to OcSc ;
corn, No. 2 white, 53c to 54c ; oats, No. 2
white, 51c to 52c.
St. Louis Cattle, $-1.50 to $0.00; hops,
$4.00 to $4.40; sheep. $3.00 to $5.50;
wheat, No. 2, 95c to 97c; corn, No. 2,
54c to 55c; oats, No. 2, 50c to 51c; rye.
No. 2, 79c to SOe.
Cincinnati Cattle, $4.00 to $5.50;
hogs. $4.00 to $4.50 ; sheep, $3.00 to-
K$5.O0; wheat, No. 2, 07c to 98c; corn.
No. 2 mixed, 55c to 50c; oats, No. Z,
mixed, 50c to 51c ; rye, No. 2, 85c to 80c.
Detroit Cottle, $4.00 to $5.10; hogs,
$4.00 to $4.40; sheep. $2.50 to $5.00;
wheat. No. 2, 93c to04c; corn,. No. j
yellow, 57c to 58c; oats, No. 2 white,
52c to 54c; rye, No. 2, 82c to 84c.
Milwaukee Wheat, . No. 2 northern,
$1.02 to $1.04; corn, No. 3, 54c to 50c;
oats, standard, 51c to 52c; rye, No. 1,
81c to 83c; barley. No. 2, 05c to 90c;
pork, mess, $11.90.
Buffalo Cottle, choice shipping steers,
$4.00 to $(1.00; hogs, fair to choice, $3.50
to $4.55 ; sheep, 'common to' good mixed,
$M)0 to $5.25; lambs, fair to choice,
$5.00 to $7.50.
New York Cattle, $4.00 to $5.05;
hogs, $3.50 to $1.90; . sheep, $3.00 t
$5.00; wheat. No. 2 red, 90e to PKe;
corn, No. 2, 02e to 0'5c; oats, natural
white, 57c to 00c; butter, creamery, 28c
to 34c; egffs, western, 19c to 20c.
Toledo Wheat, No. 2 mixed, 00c to
97c; com. No. 2 mixed, 5i to 57c;
oats. No. 2 mixed, 51c to 5.5c; rye. No.
2, 78c to 80c; clover seed, prime, $11.47,
TRADE AND INDUSTRY. .
Railroad officials and telegraphers are
alow to agree upon a schedule of wages
for the latter under the eight-hour law.
Representatives of the Minneapolis
Chamber of Commerce will go to Wash
ington to protest against the passage of
the Culberson and other bills aimed at
Grand Porks waa chosen as tb place
for the next annual utieting ot the Mu
tual blacksmiths aud Mechanics' Union
of North Dukota. The member took
steps to avoid the "ttatd beats" and will
keep each other posted on chaacters ot
All puaaeiiger cars used in this country
ten years bmce will lave to be made of
Heel 'if a bill which will soon be intro
duced in Congress is passed. The Trav
elers' Protective Association, consisting of
87,000 commercial moo, is to father the
measure, It Is said, and haa gathered to
gether a mass of statistics relative to cas
ualties ia railroad wrecks.
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