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ENEMIES OF TIIE BIRDS. 1 i I I frn iitt0 firecrackers, looliinf fit . fine: CIVILIZATION MARKS DOOM OF STIMULANTS. By Ada May Krecker. There needs no argument to press homo the proof of a decline In the use of liquors. It Is perfectly evident throughout the country. And In narcotics a similar change of heart Is com ing about. John J. Hayes, winner of the Mar athon lace In London, confesses In a maga zine article that "No long distance runner can tmoke either cigars or cigarettes and run. One thing Is essential, abstinence from tobacco In any form. I suggest running ns a certain cure for the tobacco habit to anyone who wishes to break himself of It." Go where we will among the savages and we find drugs powerful and plentiful employed for setting Into action men'B powers. It Is only among the finest types of the most advr need races that we nee them discarded in favor of subtler stimuli. Prof. James, the Harvard psychologist, urges the superior claims, as excitants, of morning air and sunlight and fine skies and mountain walks and dewy flowers and great thoughts and sweet aspirations above the frothy hopes of the foaming glass. They are the natural Btlmulants of refined or ganisms. These need no other. No, not even coffee and tea. An Englishman, E. Baron Russel by name, has been mak ing predictions for the year 2000 A. D and ho has It that by that time the human system will have been so refined that tea and coffee will be placed In the same category that alcoholic stimulants occupy nowadays. The prohibitionists of that remote hour will be cam paigning against tea and coffee and teetotalers will sign their pledges In favor of coffeeless breakfasts and after noon teas without "the cup that cheers but does not Inebriate." QUESTION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. By Cesarc Lombroso. In f?Ite of prison, deportation and forced labor, 1 argue that the criminals will go on repeating their crimes for the third or fourth time. There Is nothing left, therefore, for society to do but to inflict the extreme but effective punishment of death. Assuredly for barbarous men whom prisons do not'lnsplre with dread the death penalty Is the only thing feasible. Still, this cold blooded execution or dered by judges and not infrequently accompanied by the gaping of crowds, is repulsive to the delicate senses of civilized peoples. It even may frequently be fol lowed by similar crimes Inspired by the law of imita tion and the executed victim may become the founder of a criminal cult, so to speak. Of course, if we place upon life and living things the most rigorous and most sacred rights, we who are not God's emissaries have no right or authority over the life of human beings of our kind. But. then. neither have we the right to deprive them of their liberty nor to inflict upon them any punishment what ever. To pretend mat me acain penany is cumrarj iu nature means to feign Ignorance of the fact which in written In nature's books in large letters, the fact that organized society Is based upon a struggle for existence followed by the most fearful hecatombs. The fact that there are born criminals, organized for destruction, criminals who are living reproductions not only of the most savage men, but also of the most fero cious animals, far from rendering us compassionate to wards them, only hardens and deprives us of all pity towards them. There remains, therefore, but one exeuso for the death penalty, and that is that of radical elimination of a dangerous element. But here wo must not forget that In order to attain this desired elimination of a dangerous class one must kill, not ten or twenty criminals a year, but 3.000 criminals in Italy and 2.000 in France. This would be a veritable butchery. And I believe that in our age, in an age so thoroughly imbued with a spirit of humanity, not even the most ardent partisan of the death penalty will suggest such a course. and One dromxd o" 'h bunch then, there were nine. Nine little firecrackers, awaiting their fate; One became a aqulxzer, then there were eirbt. Bight little firecrackers (three shy of elcTon), One lot It fuse, and there remained even. Seven little firecracker lying on the bricks, A goat swallowed one and overlooked six. I Six little firecrackers glad to be alive, . Water wetted one but never touched five. V to Five WHY SHOULD MAN HOLD SUPREME POWER t Dy H. C. De Beer. Ethically there is no such thing as the sex question. Why manufacture one? Are not man and woman alike, yet different; each equal, each distinct, absolutely necessary to each other? Why any antagonism, with in creasing distrust, disdain, even disgust? One may understand antagonism from the house hold tyrant, the pompous bully, the master of the old school, who will woo a maiden on his knees, promising all things, and promptly relegate her to a position of domestic servility once she has sur rendered herself. But this antagonism Is not under standable and cannot really exist among a great ma jority of thinking good men, who regard woman as man's helpmate and companion, the friend in all need. In France apparently woman has not been subjected to the position of servility. She is a factor. French men recognize In her their natural companion and tho source of their happiness. The Frenchwoman has not been forced to descend from her pedestal of womanhood to enter into the arena against man. In France wom an's influence is permanent, and the Frenchmen, who consider woman a more Interesting study than dogs or cricket averages, realize and appreciate it. The French mother is respected, complimented, reverenced. There are no Jokes at the expense of the French mother, the higher mentality, more natural humanity of the French man revolts at that being a subject for lampoons. What has man to show for his undisputed possession of power during countless ages? Besides certain med ical blessings his science has given us many interest ing, perhaps noble discoveries. But what of . beauty, and happiness? Oh, that is woman's province. little firecrackers la readiness roar ; One proved noiseless, reducing them to four. Four little firecrackers waiting lit to be; One's still waiting, so there only were three. i Three little firecrackers not knowing what to do. One did nothing and left more work for two. Two little firecrackers their task alooool begun ; Half of them got stepped npon, leaving just one. One little firecracker, bound to make (rood. Blew off baby's fingers as well as it conld. Winning aGoddess GRAND OLD MAN GONE. The Venerulile Doctor Hale, IlUtlu Kiittbed t'lera-riuan and Writer. One of the "grand old men" of the nation passed away in Roxbury, Mass., in the death of Dr. Edward Everett Hale, one of the leading Congregation al ministers of the country and Bince 1903 chaplain of the United States Senate. Distinguished on two conti nents as a clergyman, he was also fa mous as a story writer and philan thropist, and some of his stories, no tably, "A Man Without a Country," have been read throughout the world and stand as classic in the English language. His contributions to histo rical literature have been valuable and paper's South American editor and was regarded as an authority on Spanish American affairs. Dr. Hale's Influence was extensively felt In all philanthropic movements. His book, "Ten Times One Is Ten," published in Boston in 1870, led to the establishment of clubs devoted to char ity, which became scattered through out the United States, with chapters in Europe, Asia, Africa and islands of the Pacific. He also took a great in terest in the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle, of which he was one of the counselors and frequent con tributor to the Chautauquan. In later years he edited the Christian Examin er and the Sunday School Gaaette. He Is survived by his wife, who waa Miss PAYING GERMAN PIPER. Kurope'a Mont Powerful Nation Live by Grace of Money-I.endera. The piper to whose lively tunes the German empire has been dancing mer rily for so many years has sent in his bill, and the nation or the nation's representatives, though quite willing to go on with the dancing, are by no means prepared to settle up, the New York Times says. Prince Buelow, who has naturally been held responsible for the entertainment and for the ex pense thereof, is disgusted and dis couraged, and it is now formally an nounced, as it has Leen often predict ed, that be will insist on his resigna tion. There are three essential elements in the German financial situation: (1) a rapidly increasing expenditure far outrunning the actual income; (2) a rapidly growing debt, from which In great part current expenses have been met; (3) a system of taxation wholly unequal to annual require ments and framed largely to benefit the land owners on the one hand, while leaving their property largely unburdened on the other. The chief objects of expenditure have been pub lic works, especially canals, the army nd fortifications and the navy and good deal of money has been spent much of it wasted on the various colonial enterprises, which have been very costly, and only recently show any signs of paying for themselves. But, as in every other modern coun try, there has also been in Germany a strong tendency toward a general in crease in the scale of expenditures. Living has become much more costly. The old German thrift and economy are disappearing, all branches of the public service are more expensive and the treasury has for years been un able to make both ends meet. The gap has been filled by borrowing. The most powerful and prosperous nation of Europe has been for a long while in the humiliating position of depend ing upon the money lenders to pay its day-by-day requirements. Natur ally, its credit has suffered and it has to pay more for its loans than many a third-rate country. J SORRY J JftOa This is no time for mirth or laughter The cold grey dawn of the morning after. EDWARD EVERETT HALE. varied, and his efforts in behalf of international peace and of the aboli tion of war have been noted. In Wash ington he was as deeply beloved as in Boston, whore practically all of his life had been spent and where he was held in veneration. The world Is the richer that he has lived and is much the poorer that death has claimed him, after a useful, upright and honorable life of S7 years! Dr. Hale was born In Boston In 1822 and graduated from Harvard in 1839. In IS 12 ho was licensed to preach by the Boston Association of Congrega tioii.Vi Ministers, after which he spent sev.Tal years in ministering to various coiweh-itions. passilng the winter of IS 1 '1-45 in Washington. His first regu lar st-ttl-'Ji!- iu was in 1840 as pastor of the nuuvh of tho Unity in Worces ter. Mass.. where ho remained until lv,".il. lii that year he wis called to the South Unitarian Church In Boston, wh re he was pastor for 30 years. Early in life Dr. Hale, engaged In jourJ.t'.V't i'- wcrk and before ho had attained his majority contributed reg ularly to the Monthly Chronicle and Boston Miscellany. While connected with th Advertiser he began histori cal rtud!e3. For six years he was the Emily B. Perkins, a granddaughter of Rev. Lyman Beecher; and four chll dren. girl her her gal More than tine Could Bear. Marlon was a little American of six years. For three months mother and aunt had dragged through the museums and art lerles of Europe. She was made to look at tho slip pers of Marie Antoinette, the prayer book of Catherine de Medici, hats of Napoleon and endless numbers of un Interesting Madonnas. These, her mother told her constantly who must remember, for when she grew up she would realize how famous they were At last jianon renenea. sue re fused to go to a world-famed mu scum. After much persuasion, sh yielded upon one condition. "I'll go any place you like,' he said, "If you'll promise never again to make me look at anything famous.' Notice your average day's work how much of it is devoted to actual work, and how much of It to needles worry? Only a rich man Muds a $5 bill la liis pockets he didn't know he bad. Orders by PIeon Poat. An entirely practical use of homlni pigeons was cited recently in the Lon-i don Daily Mail. The inventor of thq system is a butcher's son, who employs bis birds regularly to earry orders from outlying districts presumably, where there are no telephones to his) father's shop.. The plan works excellently. When the boy goes to collect orrs, be takes six of his fastest birds in a trap with him. After he has gone a mile or two and collected a dozen or ders, he liberates a pigeon with the slips enclosed In a little metal case attached to the bird's foot. He fort five minuteH have elapsed these orders, are In the delivery wagon on the way to the customers. At the various stages of his round, which usually takes three hours, the, other birds with more orders are tteti free, and by the time the shop is reach pd all the orders received by this pig' eon-post have been dispatched. I oiiiilrt Artfiiniciit. "Has local option proved a success in your neighborhood?" "Yes." "Then you will continue it?" "I don't know. The fact thut it is a success seems to have turned a lot of us voters against It." Washington Star. One suggestion in a thousand la a cepted. "Celebrate? Of course we can't cele brate in this town. We can't do noth lng until we get together." Postmas ter Haston threw away his cigar lm patiently and turned to the group of villagers. "Maybe that's so, but It ought not to be. Just because the cattlemen live in the north end and the land owners In the south they ought not to quar rel," replied Harry Morse, son of Banker Morse, and Just home from col lege. "Well get up' our own then," sug cested somebody, "and let's meet to morrow night. Fourth of July will be here in a week." Harry on his wheel met Led Norton the son of the owner of Hat Six ranch on horseback a day later and the two young men rode side by side across the level plain for a time. Harry told his companion of the arrangement. "That's all right," was the reply "The north end is goln' to perform too. These old fogies may fight if they want to. but we won't .be so foolish. We can't help it, of course, but let's go in for some fun out of it anyhow." "I'm with you. We are to have a goddess of liberty In a Rag dress and a golden crown. You can't guess who it la to be.!! "That homely Miss Lyons, of course, ihe always forces herself to the front." "Wrong MIrs Dorlne Vandele." "Why, her father is worth half a sailllon." "Well, she will do anything for me," with a satisfied air. "Oh, ho, that's it,, is it?" and the cat tle king-to-be rode away. In his heart was a little bitterness, for Dorlne was to him something better than the rest of the girls of the town, north or south, and he did not like at all the tone of his companion's expression. So North Mayvllle prepared for its parade and speeches, and South May vllle did the same. Harry and Led met often and exchanged notes as to the nroaress of the work. It was to be a very bitter rivalry. For days the two sections of the town were excited. The tales of the doings of "the other aide" were related with great exaggeration. Dorlne heard them and wondered if her party was to be so very much outshone. "They tell me that they are getting ud a crrlcature of me, she said to Harry. "They would not dare," was the eager tesponse. "If they did I would punish the author myself." "Wl.o is in charge of the other lde?" "Led Norton, of course." Dorine'a color heightened, but Harry did not potice it. He waa at last re warded by securing her promise that she would act the principal part In the parade. He went away wondering how he could arrange It so that he might be near her on the glorious occasion. On the eve of the Important day there was a gathering in the back room of the Cattlemen's Club. Around the table sat six of the largest owner of stock on the range. Tbey talked of the morrow. 'I am in favor of knocking them out once for all," Colonel Norton was taylng. 'That side of the town has got to be wiped out eventually or our property will be worthless. Let's -are their old parade out of night nnd let them Bee that we are running the town." Some objection was raised, but In the end the worthies were all satlhfled with a plan that promised diie trouble for the neighboring burg. But only the six rattle barons knew of It when tho morning dawned. The rivalry of Western towns does not permit of much confidence or exchange of courtesies. There was another conference that night, but tho cattlemen did not know of it. Only two weee In it Harry and Led. When they parted It was with a laugh and a merry (.ill fiom the for mer: "It will bo fun for all of 'em." Independence Day dawned with the beauty of the pralrto skies shining over the town. It was a day for the young to rejoice In and for the old to be thankful for. Mayvllle waa astir early and thero was not a resident who did not feci that he was totere.it- ed in the celebration, both for the pur pose of making for his side the best showing possible and to outdo the op position. The rival parades started at 10 o'clock. The two young men were the re spective marshals of the day and each guided his troops as best he could through the crowds that filled the streets. The south enders were gor geous in their finery from the stores. The Goddess of Liberty rode on a float all by herself and the horses were gay ly fitted out for the occasion with rlb bona and bunting. The north end had a more sedate, but more expensive ag gregation. It had In line all. the cow boys of the ranch owners and there were some fancy riders among them who could and did make the onlookers wonder at their skill. As the bands played and drowned out the noise of each opposition com pany the two marshals of the day led the lines toward a tree-lined avenue and then with a quick turn brought them out plump against each other In the broad street! It was the most ex citing time of the town's history. The men were mad and the women indig nant the children alone were happy. They saw two paradea instead of one. But suddenly something else hap pened. Out of the grove th. t hid a stable eprang a number of men with guns. They leaped into the road and j fired them with deafening reports. It was intended to ingnion me soutn enders and It did. It also frightened the others, for the parades were there together. "My stars, what a psxile," exclaimed Colonel Norton. "I wish we had not done It." ; Well he might. The teams went here and there, out of the control of the drivers. Then one was aeon running down the Btreet it was the one with the Goddess of Liberty. Behind It went two riders Harry and Led. It was a race for a life. The two young men were well mounted, but they had swift horsoa to catch.- At the end of the road was a hill and down at the bottom a bridge. Their time was short. On one side rode one and on the other his rival. Now both realized that they were to test the love of the woman they both admired. Dorlne clung to the wagon, which nltched and wavered, alone on the vehicle. "Here," shouted Harry, "Jump to me and I will hold you!" "IWe," put in Id, in that Btroug tone of his. "let me catch you! I'll come alongside." She looked from one to the other. Even in the terror of the position she saw something of the situation and wished for an Instant that she could escape making a choice before the crowd. But a look ahead told 1 er that that was Impossible now was her time. The hill was nearer and nearer. The people were wondering why she did not leap, for they saw it waa lmpossl ble for the riders to stop the team Suddenly she satisfied them. With an abandon that showed how strong was her faith, she threw herself far from the wagon toward Led Norton, The young cattleman was ready for the duty of the minute. He reached out hla strong right arm and as she came to him threw It around her ralst. With a quick motion ha brought her to the saddle and then turned his horse bark toward the ceo ter of the crowd. "She Jumped into the arras of a north ender!" exclaimed a dozen of her friends, "for shame!" But Dorlne seemed not to care. She smiled at them when she rode back with Led'a arm around her, and Harry was glad that he went on to catch the team and was not there to see. "That was a smart trick of youra,' said Mr. Norton to his son, a day or two after. "Not so smart as that of youra and the rest In trying to frighten and break up the south enders' parade," was the reply. "It did good in two ways; it won me a wife and put the two towns on a friendly basis." "What do you mean, elr? A wife and friends!" "MIsa Vandele promed me to marry me as we rode back from the runaway and the people were so thoroughly mixed by the fright that they will quarrel no more. A marriage between the two leading families will help straighten things, too, don't you think r Mr. Norton did not Bay what he thought perhaps he did not think anything fit for expression. As for hta son he was more than satisfied. He had won a goddess, as he put it, and had henled a neighborhood quarrel. and that was glory enough, for one Fourth of July. Reaalt Tarn Ik Itoklna nmntl Tata and .l1ln. In the Northern Sutes many of th protected birds are induced to bul!4 their nesU In or near buildings and the7 are fed and sometime partially tamed. This is commendable, of course, mrt robins, for example, are In cluded In the list of game bird la some of the Southern States and ef- ' forte made to fVaie them here may re sult In their destruction on thelf outhcrn flight In the autumn. Accus tomed to frequent the homes of their northern friends if they evince similar habits in the South they are oftea killed for the pot. Forest and Stream cays. In the course of time the Southern Slates will protect these birds, but until this Is done It would be well to remember the result of feeding birds" hear our homes. Of course, the mera fact that they art not molested when (n the North causes many birds to pest round our bouses, but if they must be fed this should not be don iear dwellings. There are few women who view with calmness the killing of harmless birds by cats. On the other hand. I here are few owners of cats who tkt rny steps to prevent these depreda tions. The taming of birds In places where cats are permitted to roam at trill means certain death to a large majority of euch birds, and far as we know there Is only one p-vvsntlTH rnd that la to remove the cat from the Held of activity. The theory that cats keep the coun ry home free from rats and mice is pretty or was he .'ore Tuss, pampered nd overfed, bocame more fond of the heat of h- kitchen range o- Ihs punf than that ol h-v tradition hunting Mda. Now that the birds are en couraged to nest near by, almost with in her reach, with a minimum of ef jort she varies her diet now and then Jrtth a nestling and is content To prevent hounds from . hunting ,'oxes we confine them until ready to accompany them, but we encourage long btrds to nest near dwellings and It the same time permit one of their jrorst enemies to harry them dally. Until Heady for the Fourth. A Fourth of Julr data. The new Fourth of July game ot "abbreviated states" calls forth lively competition. A prize is given for the first correct list of the following ques tions: What state reminds you of a great rainfall? Ark. What State can be often multi plied? Tenn." What State commences the domas tlo week? Wash. What State la mightier than the sword? Penn. What State Is always sure of it self? Kan. What State has a medical degree? Md. What State is a chronlo invalid? 111. What State Is a maiden? Miss. What State suggests a sheltered spot? Del. What State is a woman's name? Minn. Washington. Star. CELEBRATING ! ' A. SHOUT METEB, SEEM ON 3. at The rirat Conflict. Some of us find the very first con llct of all hard enough the fight with jelt. Rev. Charles F. Aked, Baptist, Kw York City. Standard of Rlftftt. It should be borne In mind that arlthout some knowledge of the true feature ot God there is no standard ot ight Rev. Hiram Vrooman, Preshy lerian, Providence. Factor la Life. What a man thinks in his heart is hts creed. Every man has his creed, and his creed whatever It be Is a de termining factor in his life. Rev. Murdoch McLeod, Presbyterian, Ta coma. Th Difference. The essential difference between a religious and Irreligious person is the fllfference between their Intentions and purposes respecting right and. wrong. Rev. Hiram Vrooman, Presbyterian, Providence. . Hearing Troable. Never bear more than one trouble a time. Some people bear thres kind--all they have had, all they have now and all they expect to have. Rev. J. B. Remensnyder, Lutheran, New York City. Well Bora. It is a great thing to be well born. not In the matter of clothing or ma. terlal riches, but to be well born into the possession of those things which cannot otherwise be obtained. Rev. Luther B. Wilson, Methodist, Paw- tucket, R. I. Morality. Morality Is the unsatisfied life. Be hind ef sry good deed there stands the majesty of the moral law which makes man never satisfied with himseir. Such morality Is Identical witi the true religion. Rev. Leslie E. Learned, Episcopalian, Pasadena. Man and fnlvera. The universe is not man's Inferior In Intelligence, but the moment he can rise In knowledge to grasp her secrets. yields her vast wealth, and as a ser vant, emancipates her new found ma ter from the slavery to toil. Rev, Claude H. Prlddy, Episcopalian, Brook lyn. Uoek of A sea. The breakers and foam may cover the roeka a while, but when the storm subsides the roeks are still there ts weather a thousand other storms, Man's fleeting foam and high-sounding breakers are helpless against the Rock of Ages. Rev. F. Watson Hanna, EpI copalian, Brooklyn. . FrlTolltr Over Draaa. A reasonable amount of care and at tantlon to dress is obligatory upon us all, but what God thinks about the weeks and the months spent in worry, anxiety and heartless frivolity over a costume for some brilliant fete. It la not difficult to conjecture. Rev. John Deans, Con;regatlonallst, Providence. Sclencv'a Return to Religion. Scleuce. after Its wandering In the wilderness, after its search for acldl and salts and laws and principles which govern the material universe, la turning back to religion and is seek ing at this very hour to interpret man as something more than a physical organism, the component parts ot which can be explained; he is seeking to Interpret man In terms ot the spirit, the very thing which Jesus Christ did. Rev. E. L. Powell, Chris tian, Louisville. FUhlnw for Sheep. When sheep were Introduced inU Cornwall, England, a flock of tbern ran into the sea and were floated by their wool. Sonio fishermen saw them, and, thinking them to be a new species ot fish, made haste to try to catch them with hooks and nets. Next morning they broufiht home a catch whose valg us was greater than any load thelt boats had ever carried. If people are to be belteved, ths final straw U put on their backs sis or seven times a day.