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CONSTRUCTION OF THE WRIGHT AEROPLANE
IGHT IN PERE LA CHAISE INDIAN FUGITIVE TAKES REFUGE IN SCHOOLHOUSB. Barricaded In a country schoolhous filled with children, near Sleeper, Okla., Jack Willis, a Cherokee Indian, Stone Wall of Frightful Memories WAMATOR TO COOL vvATEn row CNOINE. JACKETS In Famous Cemetery of French Capital. fought with officers until he was shot dead and Constable Tuck Ketcher was mortally wounded. WIUIs resisted ar rest for a trivial offense. Finding himself pursued by officers ha sought verticai. Visitor What have you in arctlo lit erature? Librarian Cook books and Pearyodlcals. Brooklyn Life. RUDUin WON'T LET FRANCE FORGET. HOWtON ROM SIDE ro SlD Mr "I want one of the new spotted face AIROPLA veils, please." "Yes, madam. Specked, Communards Celebrate Anarchists' ipattered, or splotched?" Cleveland Deaths and Vainly Seek to Erect Monument to Fallen. i'laln Dealer Wife (reminiscing) Well, I very early didn't marry you, John. Joha rio.. ... AMp w Iff r.-Vr::M H7TiXVLV:r K J WtH;T.!.i absent-mindedly) 1 know but who VVMldH MACHINE AWIfNe -sCT . v HuriMCRS ON "WHEN ALIGHTING DETAILS OF THE WRIGHT MACHINE To the public at large the Wright flying machine and Its simple mechan ism hu been a hidden mystery. Its Very simplicity has been charged with the mysterious, to the layman mind. While the whole world was crowding K witness the announced flights for first time In New York city, this fcrtsard of the sky, Wilbur Wright, was quietly devoting his time and his skill in his shed perfecting erery detail of fcls aeroplane. To a writer for the Philadelphia Ledger, who was among the few privi leged persons who watched him day alter day, Wright has given a view of Ills own pinion of the Wright ma chine. "Do you think any of the ma chines 'that have been built In Europe are equal to your own aeroplane?" "No," Mr. Wright remarked. "They have all copied us as much as they could, but as yet they still use t4ce the power, and even then are not able to produce results equal to ours." Much surprise was expressed In this country because the Wright machine did not win In the races at Jthelms. Mr. Wright's attention was called to this fact, and he was asked why he bad not been successful against ' the other aviators. "If I wanted to build a machine for racing I would build one different from the one which I have here, and I think I shall probably do so In a few years," he remarked. Mr. Wright did not venture to explain the sort of a machine he had in mind, but he add d, "The type we have now is not de signed for racing purposes.. Our ma chine Is designed for general, practical use. It Is not a freak machine." ; Mr. Wright specially pointed out that In experiments In aerodynamics, both in marine and aerial propellers, It nas Deen generally concluded that a propeller of large diameter and slow revolution Is more efficient and less wasteful of power than a small one turning very fast. He laid stress on the fact that the size of the Wright propeller is not far different from that Of propellers on other aeroplanes. But the use of two Instead of one affords a means of reducing the rotative speed without lessening the total thrust. In this way,' he said, the power of the motor Is applied with much greater ttgftit mmm WILBUR WRIOHT economy. The use of twin propellers, however, Involves added weight of gearing and chains, but the resultant decrease of weight In size of motor fully overbalances this. His attention was called to the fact that a further objection has been made to the use of two propellers, viz.: that If one of them should suddenly break the effect on the other, If still rotating, would be to turn the machine around in such a manner as to seriously en danger Its equilibrium. To this he replied: "Obviously the best reply for this Is to Immediately stop the motor; but. If this were to be impossible, the propellers could be connected by a scheme Jn such fashion that when one stops the other will also stop." The movement of a Wright machine In the air shows the promptness of the correction of lateral balance. When the machine "heels over" to one side It Is brought back in a short, quick motion to an even keel, and responds Instantaneously to the operation of the lever by the aviator. The horizontal rudder of the Wright machine has two surfaces, and la placed well out In front. It is mounted on a frame in such a manner that It Is "thrown off centre" when moved. The Wright machine Is mounted on skids, no wheels being provided. It Is, therefore, unable to run along the ground, and requires a rail for start ing. This feature has been greatly de cried and held as a serious fault. "But," Mr. Wright said, "If I needed it I could add wheels and start by run ning along the ground." "Does the use of skids render the machine unable to rise again If land ing away from the rail?" he was asked. "Yes, except In an exceptional case of smooth ground, bat where the start ing device Is cheap, and. the landing far away from the rail unlikely, these objections Iobs their force. The rail of the Wright machine can be laid on the smoothest lawn or the roughest moor, and starts made with equal ease: while the ubo of the 'derrick' and falling weight, in addition to the rail. makes it possible to start In a very limited space. The ground at Pau," said Mr. Wright, "was very rough and full of hummocks, but the rafl was laid down very easily and could be changed In direction to suit the wind M. Bierlot at one time was going to use Pau for a flying ground also, but as his machine ran on wheels he was forced to give up the Idea, as- the ground was too rough. The construe tions of the Wright machine has been called crude, but Its crudeness lies only in Its simplicity, and Is, therefore, a great advantage. It can be packed and shipped more easily than any oth er machine, and Its construction such as to enable It to suffer hard knocks with little damage. The con structlon of the frame Itself Is llghj, out luuy strong eaougn. "The motor Is placed on one side of the seats, which are two in number The aviator sits on the outer one while the passenger sits between the pilot and .the motor, directly over the center of gravity. This disposition of seats and motor was very practical, as it enabled the passenger to reach his side and, if necessary, adjust the mo tor In flight, without in the least dis turbing the equilibrium of the ma chine, a feature of construction which Is absent in other machines. "When aviation has progressed far enough there Is no reason why an avi ator should not mount to the clouds in his aeroplane, cut off the motor, and then soar in circles and spirals over ascending current of air like the great birds, sail on for a period of time, with no exertion of energy, then at his writ restart the motor and return safely to earth. I expect In a few years to be able to do this myself, and my brother Orvllle, with his flights, Is al ready preparing to do this." "FRAT" MEMBERS BRAND BOY. "My boy, branded as they would a steer on the Western range, In the in itiation ceremony by a fraternity at the School of Mines, impels me to cry to mothers and to demand that such barbarous practices in a civilized coun try come to an abrupt end." This Statement was made by Mrs. J. A. Sne- daker when she brought her son, Eu gene Snedaker, 19 years old, to Den ver in her automobile, suffering from the treatment he and six other fresh- A fJEMCH TOWN lift kiw ii vmsMS?-- fwi iff TiVO men are said to have received when they were Initiated Into the Kappa Rirmi Fratfirnltv. Mrs. Snedaker Is the wife of a millionaire mining man. ATCHISON GLOBE SIGHTS. Most drunken men act drunker than they really are. The other fellow's mistakes always seem absurd to you. Any man who will tell his wrongs, will exaggerate them. A drunken man always wants to talk about his respectability. After you have attained a triumph, it doesn't seem bo griat, does It? No girl, except the Gould and Van derbllt girls, has enough to live on When flattery Is readily recognized it Is a sign It Is aimed at someone else. It a man's family appreciates him he doesn't miss It so much If the world doesn't. A real smart man Is one smart enough to know when he Is being made fun of. A farmer always knows a farm In bis neighborhood that has starved one or two owners When you are guilty or a mean trick, ever remark how sneaking It makes you feel? How important a politician looks when he says to a reporter: "I have nothing to say." In those days of discussions of suffragist movements. women's rights and feminine business acumen, anyone In search of an example of an unusual sort might drop in upon the French channel port of Cancale, a town of some 15,000 souls when they are all at home, and see a truly woman run town. The conditions that make this a woman run town come about in the most natural way In the world. All the men are fishers and they spend the greater part of the year at sea. They are good sailors and they man the craft that venture across the Atlantic to the French fishing grounds along the Newfoundland coast. It was their rights that used to come up frequently for ad justment by fishery commissions and it Is the loss of their vessels that almost every year brings sorrow to Cancale and the neighboring coast. When the men do return they find that the town has been managed so well in their absence and the thrift of the women has been so well exercised that they are content not to meddle and to let things go on as they have been going. There are proportionately more wid ows, and young widows, too, in Cancale than in any other town in France. A fisherman's bride waits for four years after she has heard that the boat her hus band sailed away on has not been reported and then she puts on her mourning. It Is this uncertainty as to the fate of the men, the fear that at any time they may be thrown helpless and homeless upon their own re sources, that makes the women of Cancale self-reliant and that leads them early to seek some means of their own for an honest livelihood. The thrift that the conditions mentioned Inspire Is something of a passion among the women. It seems that there is a constant struggle with each one of them to make more money than the man who goes to sea. They frequently accomplish this, too, for the returning fisherman finds frequently that his yearly gain of $150 or 200 got after a hard battle from the sea Is more than equaled by the patient and careful housewife that he left at home. Good looks are one of the commodities of the town and they have always paid well. The great French painter, Feyen-Perrln, went to Cancale years ago and found models for his famous "Le Re tour de la Peche Aux Hultres" that hangs in the Luxembourg at Paris, and since the nartists and photographers have been vis iting the town to paint or snapshot new generations of oyster women and marine scenes. The girls that posed for Feyen-Perrln are mothers now, but their daughters or granddaughters, as pretty of figure and face, are still much sought after. They all know the artist's weakness and work upon bis sym pathies with admirable adroitness and shrewdness. It seems strange to Americans, whose Ideas of oyster gatherers Is bewhlskered fishermen with sloops and dredges and machinery, to hear of women as laborers In the slimy, muddy oyster beds. But women do the work, and they do It so well that the French govern ment Is not unwilling to give the sex credit for the suc cess of the cultivation at this point. The R rule prevails In France as elsewhere, but there is always so much to be done in summer in the beds, or the parks, as they are called, that there is work for many women during the whole vear. The parks He around the sea front, and with their rough fences and plies of granite resemble nothing so much as water-soaked fields at low tide. It Is a won derful sight to see the hundreds of women hurrying In from the beds, keeping Just In advance of the rapidly inflowing tide. It is weird, too, to see them, 800 or 400 of them, load ing the big oyster-carrying vessels. They crawl over the sides like ants. It is a hustling business working against the tide and carrying through slime and mud great bas kets that men would not handle with most ease or swiftness. Funeral wreaths of pottery and glass beads are shocking enough to American eyes In continental ceme teries, but In a far corner of l'erc Lachalse, that Inst resting place of famous Parisians, there is a bit of the outer wall hung with red wreaths, draperies and flags, which In that quiet place seem particularly sinister and revolting, says a Paris correspond ent of the Detroit Free Press. It Is Lo Mur dos Federes," with their backs to which the "communards" made their last stand against gov ernment troops and were shot down like, rabbits in he last days of May, 1871. The communards, who had retreated to the cemetery for their last refuge, et up a battery of ten guns near the refuge In the schoolhouse. Willis opened fire, wounding Ketcher. The wounded constable, lying on .the ground, kept firing at Willis. The pupils escaped through windows. Con stable Wilson finally crawled close to the building and shot WUUs. KILLS UNRULY SCHOOLBOY. Near Gravette, Ark., John Butram, a schoolboy, was klUed by his teacher, A. T. Kelley. It is said that Butram KINO TOILS AS A LABORER. "iVr. '-v-'',- ' King Gustav of Sweden has become a laborer despite the pleas ot (jueeu Louise. ' Disguised as a stevedore, be spent a day carrying sacks of coal from a lighter. In an interview after It was all over the king said that this was only the beginning. He Intended to mix with all classes of laborers, so that he might ascertain their opin ions and wishes. The determination of King Gustav to learn of the conditions of the work lngmen by mingling with them and taking part In their labors has result ed from the recent great tie-up ot the business life of the country by a gen eral strike. King Gustav Intervened last August In an endeavor to secure a compromise, but without avail Eventually arbitration was under taken by. the Swedish government to settle the dispute and In the Interim many of the workmen returned to their tasks, although the number of unemployed remained very great The king found difficulty In ascertaining the real facts, and he then made ar rangements to Join various craftsmen and laborers at their work and In such a guise that they would not reo ognize him. WITH THE SAGES. Evil Is wrought by want of thought. as well as want of heart. Hood. You cannot hurt anybody without receiving a greater hurt yourself. Cobden. Absence of occupation Is not rest; a inind quite vacant is a mind distress ed. Cow per. Prom the horny hand of toll come the richest harvest of content. Yv. Stewart Roystop No man has a prosperity so high or firm but two or three words can dis hearten it. Emerson. He that does good works for praise to a selfish end sells an inestimable Jewel for a trifle. St. Gregory. Happiness is the natural flower ot duty. The good man ought to be thoroughly happy. Phillips Brooks. Break one thread In the border of virtue, and you don't know how much you may unravel. Cunningham Gel-.kle. VAGARIES OF GENIUS. Longfellow never wrote while eat ing. Charles Dickens always walked up stairs. Mrs. Hemans did not wear peekaboo waists. Dr. Johnson was never known to eat icecream. Dante never called his "Inferno" pro fane history. Shakespeare could not use a typi writer la composing his pUya. tomb of the due de Morny, which thoy used as an ammunition store. From this battery they kept up an Inces sant Are on the quarters of Paris oc cupied, by the regular troops. At nightfall of Saturday, May 27, a detachment of the 47th line regi ment entered the cemetery, where a fierce engagement took place. Many tombs bear the marks of bullets. Early on the following morning 148 prisoners were placed against the wall and shot. Next day, says an eye witness of the scene, the ground was covered with heads, hands, feet and fragments of bloody clothing. The bodies were not entombed, but hastily gathered together in the trench they had defended, saturated with oil and lime, and burned where they leu. Recently there was exnimiea in me Paris salon a grewsome piece of plas tic art which one would have found puzzling unless one had the good for tune to be well versea in me uisiury of Paris. It was entitled "Le Mur: Aux Victims du Revolution," by the sculptor, Moreau-Vauthler. The wa'l Itself was about twenty feet long; In front In full relief against t with arms extendod and back toward It was a figure representing France with upturned face; while behind, faintly suggested in the wall itself In low relief, were hideous fragments of hu man beings; grinning faces, clenched hands, staring eyes, ears, feet and any number of gaping terrified mouths. The Idea was typical of the modern French school. Realistic horrors per petuated In works of art. Weather reports by wireless tele aranh are furnished the British Bu- . h. hina in the Atlantic. The ocean has been divided into numbered areas, so as to locate all reports. The rorozo tree abounds throughout the Mexican State ot Tobasco, belpg most abundant In the virgin forests, as It requires shade and humidity to develop favorably. had caused the teachers of the Bear Hollow School considerable troublt and had succeeded in thrashing two teachers lately. When Kelley took the school It is said that he went "prepar ed to teach." Young Butram announc ed, it is said, that there would be no Bchool that day, and Kelley insisted that the session would continue as usual. In the midst ot a heated dis cussion, It Is said Butram drew a knife and made a dash at Kelley, whs in turn drew his pistol, shooting But ram three times. He died Instantly. Kelley surrendered to the authorities old you? The Sketch. 'If m'wlfe's awake, Ml shay: M'dear. brought y' Some c'sath mums chrysthnius chrasythuuis' hang lti Wish I'd got roses." Life. liorrowell I have no use for that fellow Bjones. Wigwag Yes, BJone Is one, of those fellows who object to being used. Philadelphia Record. "What do they mean by an 'endur- nce test ? "Two chaps Dragging about their respective makes of auto mobiles." Springfield Republican. "Well, Tommy, what part of the chicken will you have?" "Why, paw, you know I always take the back when there's company." St. Louis Repub lic. "I've just figured out how the Venus de Mllo came to lose her arms. "How?" "She broke them off trying to button her shirtwaist up the back." The Jewish Ledger. The audience Is calling you," the playwright was Informed. 'I hear them," he answered. "Show me the quickest way to get out of here." Birmingham Age-Herald. "New-mown hay is a delightful per fume; we sell lots of It." "Haven c you something with a gasoline odor! I want people to think I own a motor car, not a horse." Life. Mrs. Newbrlde Boohoo! Henry threw a biscuit at me. One inai 1 made myself, too! Mother The mo ster! He might have killed you! The United Presbyterian. Hoax Out in Arizona he is known as a bnd man. Joax la that so? Via he ever kill any one? Hoax Oh, yes. Joax What make of car does he drive? Philadelphia Record. Visitor Can you read the pastT Fortune Teller Certainly. That's mr business. Visitor Then I wish you'd tell me what it was my wife told me to get for her! Boston Globe. "Do you want employment?" asked the svmnathetlc woman. "I dunno wot dat la, ma'a.Tn," replied the husky hobo, "but ef It's ennythlng tev eat, youse may gimme a few." Chicago Dally News. Judge I'll have to fine ye fifty dol lars for exceeding the speed limit. Jack Scorcher Look here, Judge, this young lady and I want to get married. Remit the fine and you get the Job. Brooklyn Life. Whale What are you .going to tell your wife when you get home? Jonah I don't know; I don't suppose would believe me If I should tell her that I had been to a fish dinner., The Bohemian. "You don't know what that's a plo ture of, Johnny?" said Mrs, Lapsllnj, In a tone of reproof. "You ought tt read your anclentlstory more. That Is the temple of lfinah at Emphasis." Chicago Tribune. Cynlcus It is Impossible for a wom an to keep a secret. Henpeckke I dont know about that; my wife and I were engaged for several weeks before she said anything to me about if Philadelphia Record. "Are you In favor of rotes for wom en?" "Yes. Perhaps If we can get them to think more about rotes they will think less about clothes. I have four daughters who are growing up. Chicago Record-Herald. "Speaking of Joy rides, did you ever have a real oner "No." "Never ge out In a buggy along a shady lane, with a plug of a horse and the nljf girl In the world? Say, you aci1k know what life it." Public Ledger. A traveler stopped at a hotel la Greenland, where the nights are six months long, and, as he registered, asked a question of the clerk. "What time do you bare breakfast?" From half-pnst March to a quarter to May. Reporter Mr. Cummin, have yoa the manuscript of the after-dinner speech you delivered at that banquet last night? Ketchum A. Cummla (with a gasp) Did I deliver a speech there, young man? Whose? Chicago Tribune. "The starvation experiences of those English suffragettes were trying." "Yes," answered Miss Cayenne; "lt'a pretty hard to be obliged to stop crit icizing the publle policies of a great government in order to find fault wltk its cooking. Washington Star. Husband Yon must marry again dearest, when I am gone, and that will be very soon. Wife No, Edward, no one will marry an old won,in like me. You ought to have died ten years ago for that. MegBendorrer Blaetter. "Over here," said the Arab guide, "we have another mummy. From the cooking utensils found near her, she la supposed to have boeu a cook. For 2,000 years she has remained Just where she was found." "Bosh!" acoQV ' ed the American tourlut, "that's im cook." "Why not?" "Who ever beard of a cook remaining In one place tUut . oug?" Chicago Daily News. IN FRANCE. French barbers oddly advertise theli art by wearing beards. The two great race courses ot Parti are within the great public park, th Bols. Twenty-two Parisian suburbs art connected with the city by pneumatl letter tubes. "Swiss cheese" In Paris means a white cream cheese. It Is eaten wltk powdered iurr. Deduction. "Charley, dear," said young Mrs. Torklns, "I see a great doal of refer snco to cotton duck In the market re ports." "Well, you know what that is, don't you?" "Of course I do. Any one could figure that out. It's what the ducli junters use for decoys." Washing ton Star. "Don't you hate to find a worm when you're eating fruit?" "Well, not no ranch as finding ball a worm!" Puck.