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Id. MOTTO All Tho Nctts When It Is News.- VOLUME XVIII DAKOTA CITY, NED., FRIDAY,' APRIL 22, 1910. NUMBER 33 DAKOTA COUNTY LATEST BY TELEGRAPH SUMMARY OF THE NEWS OF ' THE WHOLE WORLD. MARK TWAIN IS DEAD CAHIOEIt OF S.VMCKL L. CLEMENS COM I'M TO AX END. Pases Awny While In Coma I'utal Termination was Unlookcd for at Time Sudden shock to Relative and Public at Largo. Samuel Langhorn Clemons (Mark Twain) died painlessly nt 6:30 o'clock Thursday night at Redding, Conn., of angina pectoris. He lapsed into coma at 3 o'clock Thursday afternoon and never recovered consciousness. It was the end of a man worn out by grief and acute agony of body. Wednesday was a bad day for the little knot of anxlbus watchers at the bedside. For long hours tho .gray, aquellne features lay molded In the inertia of death, while the pulse sank steadily, but late at night Mark Twain passed from a stupor into the lirst natural sleep he. had known since he returned from Bermuda, and Thurs day morning he awoke refreshed, even faintly cheerful, and in full possession of his faculties. He recognized his daughter, Clara, v(Mrs. Ossle Qnhrilowltsch), spoke a rational word or two, ond feeling him self unequal to conversation, wrote out In pencil: Give me my glasses." They - were his last words. Laying them aside he sank first into n reverlo and later Into final unconsciousness. Angina pectoris is a paroxymal af fection of the chest of baffling and obscure origin, characterized by se vere paln. faintness and depression of the spirits: The pain is severe and of an oppressive, crushing or stabbing character. 7'he attacks progress in frequency and severity, with uncertain Intermissions, sometimes of long du- Mark Twain did not die "in anguish. Sedatives soother his pain, but his moments of consciousness aggravated the mental depression. On the way up from Bermuda he said to Albert Blgelow Paine, who had been his con stant companion- in tyrtefta: .-."Th'.f Is a bad Job; we'll never pull through with It. KIOTS RECURRING IN CHINA. lawless Natives Engage lit Serious IMsttirbances. The lawlessness of the natives which began at Chang Sha, the capi tal of Hunan province, China, Is re ported to be spreading. Advices re reived at Pekln state that riots have occurred at Ning Slang, the site of a Protestant mission, about thirty miles west of Chang Sha. mission Bchool at Yl Yang, twenty miles north of Ning Slang, has been burned. The foreigners are said to have escaped harm. Foreign residents at Yo Chow were preparing to leave that place last night. These reports were coupled with the statement that a wholesale desertion of the troops has taken place. One hundred Chinese from the Chi nese cruiser that recent'y arrived at Chang Sha are guarding the foreign settlement there. HEIRS LOSE THEIR SUIT. Chicago Doctor Awarded $100,(100 of tho McVlcker Estate. Dr. L. C. H. Zcigler, of Chicago, by a supreme court decision rendered Thursday, is entitled to $100,000 from the estate of Mrs. James H. McVlcker, as provided by the contract he held to render her medical attendance dur ing her life. Dr. Zelgler lived up to his part of the contract for five years, when Mrs. McVlcker died. Her heirs attacked the contract and won In the lower court, but this decision was reversed by the Illinois supreme court at Springfield today. Coul Ijwidrt Withdrawn. Secretary Ralllnger of the depart ment of the interior has withdrawn from entry at proximately thirteen and a half million acres of coal lands in southeastern Montana, believed to contain valuable deposits, pending ex amlnation and classification as to their values. 1'luyern for Oniuha. President Johnson of the American Baseball leaguo Thursday announced the following releases: By St. I.ouis to Omaha, li. E. Shotten, J. M. Corrl- don. Shoots Wife and Self. Thlliip Berry, of Bloomington, ill., aged 4 3, shot his 21-year-old wife and himself Thursday. Both will die. Re cently the couple quarreled and sep rated. Diamond Ornament Stolen. During Wednesday night a diamond ornament was stolen from the greatly revered image of the Virgin In tho Uspenskl cathedral in the Kremlin at Moscow, Russia, and many precious stones were cut ut of tho frames of the pictures of the saints. Sir John William Schroeder, of Lon don, head of J. H. Schroeder & Co., bankers, died Thursday. He was born In 1825. BITS UNMOVED AND CAL! Hostile Array of Facts are Faced by Woltcr. No prisoner on trial for his life In the New York courts Is ever remem bered to have faced such an array of hostile facta and hcartrenderlng testi mony with stolid Indifference as did Albert Wolter Wednesday when con fronted with the charred fragments of the body that once was Ruth Wheeler whom he Is charged with luring to her death In his Hat not a month ago. Phillip O'Hanlon, a coroner's phy sician, testified that Ruth Wheeler had been attacked before she was murdered and that there was still life In her body when It was soaked with kerosene. Jammed up the chim ney of Wolter's fiat and set afire. He had found human hair not her own adhering to the burned fingers. There fore he knew she had fought for her honor. There was soot In the lungs. A corpse does not breathe. There fore he knew a living and still senti ent body had Inhaled smoke and flames. During this testimony, which made the Jurors fidget In their chairs, Wol ter sat listlessly scanning the Jurors, the grewsome exhibits themselves and his lawyers. He gave no sign of emo tion when Adelaide Wheeler, 19 years old, and said to be an extraordinary resemblance to her sister, took the stand. With perfect poise the girl Identi fied a braid of artificial hair that had been ,her sister's, bits of undercloth ing that she knew by their texture, Jewelry Ruth had worn, and lastly, which came as a surprise to the de fense, a seal ring engraved with Ruth Wheeler's initials and which was found on tho body. The prosecution will contend that this clinches beyond doubt the previous Identification which It had been thought the defense would attempt to overthrow. ART SWINDLE UNCOVERED. Hundreds of Americans Have Been Duped. The revelations made In the case of Count de Gatlgny, who, with the countess, is being examined at Tours, France, on a charge of having misrep resented the origin of paintings and the antiquity of furniture purchased by Mrs. Cha8. H. Paine, of Paris, but formerly of Boston, have caused a pro found Impression In the world of art and served to open up the whole ques tion of the. many sided traffic in sham paintings, other works or art ana an tique furniture. Although the declarations of Henri Rochefort, editor of the Patrie, re garding the Rembrandts may consti tute a satirical exaggeration, it is the general opinion that there Is some truth In his assertion that celebrated collections in hundreds of homes In America and elsewhere cpntain spur ious Rembrandts, as well as copies of other masters. M. Rochefort has said that 80 per cent of the "Rembrandts" owned In America were forgeries. "I have seen so many 'Turners,' " said M. Rochefort, "that I have almost decided that Turner never existed. He could not have turned out the works attributed to him, if he had lived 200 years. It is the same with the Rem brandts. AFRICAN M. E. CHURCH". Nearly $20,000 Raised for Work In the Past Year. Nearly $20,000 was raised for the work of the African Methodist Epis copal church In the fiscal year Just ended, according to a report made to the financial board in session in Wash ington Wednesday. Bishop Grant, of Kansas City, is presiding. Rev. John Hurst, financial secre tary, reported that after reservations for educational purposes, church ex tension, superannuation of minsters and provisions for their widows and children, nearly $100,000 was reserved for the general treasury ot the church for payment of salaries of bishops, general officers and denominational needs. Girl Strangled by Her Hairi Ella Pohl of Belln, a student In tht New Mexico agricultural college, while plcknlcklng climbed a cliff, lost her hold and plunged over. She was caught In a crevice. Her hair acted as a noose and she died in a few hours. Slain by An Assassin. Walking into his drug store and taking his place at the cigar counter, Sam Welch, president of the Berea National bank of Berea, Ky., was as sassinated Tuesday night, five shots being fired into his body. The assas ln has not been apprehended. Itevulce Gets Life Sentence. Charles Revalee pleaded guilty at Richmond, lnd., Wednesday to the murder of Mrs. Frank Allison and was sentenced 'to Imprisonment for life. Gotch In Training. Frank Qotch said Wednesday that arrangements had not been complct ed for his championship contest with Zbyszko. Gotch is training at Minne apolis and declares himself In excel lent form. Yandcrhllt's Horse Second. W. K. Vanderbilt's Defender finish ed second in the prlx Ru Bias, which was run at Trembluy. Frunce, Wed cesday. QUICK WORK n JURY. Former Pittsburg Official In Guilty of Bribery. Guilty ns Indicted, with the recom mendation for extreme mercy from the court, was the verdict returned Tuesday In the case of former Council man M. L. Swift, Jr., the first of the Victims of the graft scandal to be put on trial at Pittsburg, Fa., on the charge of bribery. The Jury was out an hour and forty-five minutes. At torney Rody Marshall, for the defense, announced that a new trial would be asked. Assistant District Attorney Warren L. Seymour said that Judge Frazer had signified his intention of considering the recommendation for mercy, and also that the district attor ney's office would not oppress- Swift. Swift was on trial for two days, and the chief witness for the common wealth was John F. Klein, whose con fession was the wholesale exposure. The defense relied mainly on the at tempt to break down Klein's testimony and the verdict become a most import ant one for the prosecution, because it indicates the district attorney may re ly on the confession of Klein as the mainstay In the prosecution of the other cases. Immediately after the Swift case had been disposed of, former Council man A. V. Simon was called, but his counsel pleaded illness of his client and asked for a continuance. Seymour unexpectedly called a physician, who said he had examined Simon at noon and there was no need for him to re main in bed, and that he was not ser iously HI. Counsel was ordered to produce his client for trial Wednesday morning. BOY HELD FOR tOARD. Consigned to a Missouri Bank as Col lateral for a Debt. One 7.year-old boy was received on bill of lading at the union station at St. Louis, Mo., Tuesday over the Iron Mountain railroad from Monroe, La. He was consigned to a local bank ns collateral for a board bill to be remit ted to a bank in Monroe. Mrs. J. J. Koontz, acting as agent for F. J. Koontz, father and owner of the boy, whose name is Arthur, called at the union station for the consignment, but the railroad officials refused to deliver him to her because she was not the consignee named in tho bill of lading. The boy, still tagged, was taken to the bank In a taxlcab. A disputed board bill incurred by the boy being in Monroe for seven months caused the .bill .oX-hidlng to be. Issued. . When thtj boy reached the bank tho amount due was paid and the boy turned over to his parents. MOTHER'S INSANE ACT. Ends Life of Daughters and Self bj Turning on Gas. Mrs. Nellie McNamara, wife of a captain In the fire department, whose body with those of her daughter Ma mie, aged 14 years, and Helen, 12 years old, were found . in a room in their home in Chicago Tuesday, caused tho death of herself and daughters by turning on the gas, according to the verdict of a coroner's Jury Evidence was introduced to show that the woman, while temporarily Insane, had attempted to induce two other daughters to remain in the room. The other daughters became frightened at their mother's actions ind left. Surprise for Twin Sisters. A Prague dispatch says the twlr. sisters Blazek, who are known as the successors of the famous Siamese twins, being Joined together insepar ably, recently entered a hospital, where Rosa, one of the sisters, be came the mother of a fine boy. Jose phine, the other sister, expressed great surprise at the event. President of Guatemala. Manuel Estrada Cabrera was re elected president of Guatemala In the lections ended Tuesday, according to a government cable message received at the Guatemalan consulate In New York. The election was tranquil and Senor Cabrera was chosen by "an overwhelming majority," the dispatch states. AntcloiMi Is New cclnicn. Edmund Heller, the zoologist, oi Riverside, Cal., who accompanied Mr. Roosevelt on his African hunting trip, has decided that the sable antelope killed by Kermit Roosevelt, Is a new species peculiar to the Mombasa re gion and not heretofore described. II will be named the Roosevelt. Trans-Andino Tunnel Opened. The Trans-Andine railway tunne was formally opened Tuesday. The tunnel is 12,000 feet above sea level and links the republics of Chile and Argentina commercially. Once Rich; Now Penniless. Edward Jf. Field, son of Cyrus W Field, of Atlantic calilo fame, Is In Belleyue hospital, New York, pennl. less and suffering from neuphrltls. Police Stop Record Dance. After they had danced nineteet hours and thirty-eight minutes, foul San Jose, Cal., men, who were the onlj survivors out of a list of twelve en trants in a dance contest, were stopped by the police. , Gicu six Moulin. Because J. J. Keon, a socialist lead er In Grufton, 111., refuses to pay a poll tax of $1.60 he began Tuesday afternoon a sentence of six month' Imprisonment. 1 Nebraska Week j j . mi form -rsst-r State News -w GETS FIVE YEAR SENTENCE McMlchacl Pleads Guilty to Grand larceny Charge). James M. McMlchacl pleaded guilty before the district court at Plattsmouth Saturday to tho charge of grand lar ceny'and was given a sentence of five years in the penitentiary. McMleh ael by a trick worked J. B. Mikelson, a Jeweler of Nebraska City out of a diamond ring valued nt $145. McMlch acl appeared a few days ngiy at the Nebraska City sti.re and ordered the ring sent to a factitious friend "Marsh" at Mynard, Neb. The ring was to be Sent by express subject to the ap proval of his friend. The man then went to Omaha, and picking out a cheap Imitation, stone, had It mounted to resemble the real stone. He also had a real dlaTnond Bet In a solid gold mounting, and an exact duplicate made with a pasto stone. He gave his name at the Omaha store as "Jack son." Going to Mynard, he presented him self as "Marsh" mid asked for tho ring, and while examining it made the substitution. He refused to accept the ring and safely made his getaway, coming to Plattsmouth, where he tried, to dispose of the valuable stone and was arrested. He had nine rings in' a purse when searched. LEAVES WITH THEIR COIN. Clairvoyant Reaps a Harvest nt Hast ings, Neb. More than 100 of tho members of the "swell set" of Hastings are onxlous to find Mme. Delia Ionldos, a clair voyant, who has suddenly left for purts unknown. Mme. Delia had arranged to give a "spiritual" party, nt which she was to permit the exclusive ones to discourse with their dead friends and relatives. She had hired tho largest hall in the town, ond in order to get Into communication with the "spirits" she had demanded and col lected $5 to $10 from each of the parties who were to attend. All went well until the night of the "spirit" party. Then those who were to meet the departed ones were on hand,' but, the madame failed to appear. It was later learned that she had taken with her both "spirits" and cash. SIGNS PLEDGE; GETS BAHV. Omaha Father ami Mother to Let Strong Drink Alone. "No baby unless you sign a pledge to cut out drinking." That was "the order of Judge Sutton of the Juvenile court, Issued to Martin and Anna Vo laskl, of Omaha, whose 2-year-old baby had been taken away from them by Probation Officer Bernstein. 'In court the father and mother signed a pledge to abstain from drink ing for one year, and tho child was returned to their custody. As they left the court room Judge Sutton In formed them that If they failed to keep the pledge tho child would be taken away and that they would never have It again. MRS VAN ORSDEL IS DEAD. Steele City Woman Succumbs to Her Injuries. Mrs. Cora Van Orsdol died shortly after 9 o'clock Tuesday evening at her home at Steele City, from a self Inflict ed wound. Mrs. Van Orsdol, while temporarily Insane last Thursday night, murdered her 2-year-old daugh ter, Janette, by beating her over the head with a hammer and then cutting her throat with a razor. She then secured a butcher knife from the kitchen and cut her own throat. At first some hopes for her recovery were entertained. The woman, though badly Injured, was able to write answers to questions asked her on paper. She said that she had com mitted the deed herself while tempo rarily insane. Mrs. Cora Vun Orsdol Is the widow of the late W. S. Van Orsdol, who died about a year ago. EIGHT WANT LICENSES. Increase of Cost In Beatrice Makes Little Difference. In spite of the fact that the city council has Increased tho license for saloons to $1,800 a year and has also passed a drastic antl-treatlng ordi nance, there are eight applications for saloon license now on file at Beatrice with the city clerk. Owing to the fact that the council Is on record as favoring but six sa loons, two of this number will not be able to secure licenses. Just which of the two will be turned down Is the subject of much speculation at the present time, as all of the applicants are residents of Beatrice. Editors Meet. The Cass county editor's association met In Plattsmouth Tuesday, and in the evening the members were enter tained at a banquet given by the com mrclal club. Four Days of Snow, After snowing for four successive days and with two freezes with a wind blowing almost a hurricane, the fruit prospect around Greeley la blasted. . FIND BODY OF MR. HAMILTON. Man Wht Aided Officer Was Evident , ly Murdered. Through a confession made by Frank Cleavenger the body of O. F. Hamilton, of Mullen, who disappeared suddenly two years ago, was found Saturday buried in the stock yards at Mullen. Hamilton was employed by the government In unearthing public land frauds, and his death Is believed to have resulted from his activity In that work. Cleavenger made his confession to the sheriff, stating that Hamilton's body was burled at the place designat ed. Investigation was made and the body dug up. Cleavenger charges 11. G. Mclntyre, a railroad brakeman, with having killed Hamilton. He says Hamilton was found asleep In a sa loon, and that Mclntyre struck him over tho head with n revolver. Ham ilton was then thrown down a cellar way, according to tho confession where, Cleavenger asserts, Mclntyre killed him. Ho says C. W. Rec tor was a witness to the crime, and that Rec tor and himself were sworn to secrecy under pain of 'death. , Cleavenger declares . he was con science stricken, and could not keep life secret longer. Hamilton, who was a well known lawyer, was netlve In the secret serv ice of tho government, nnd aided ma terially in unearthing tho land frauds for which several convictions have been secured, nmong them being that of an Kfllscopal minister. Mclntyre resides at Seneca, where he has a family. THIEF CAUGHT AT PIERCE. An Overcoat and Other Goods Found in II in Possession. Marshal Ulrlch of Pierce received a telegram from Niobrara Saturday fore noon to arrest a fellow on train No. 400 upon Its nrrlvnl at 11:35 a. rn., he beln gchnrged with stealing an over coat from a hotel nt Niobrara. The marshal went to tho train and was cautioned by the conductor to bo care ful, as the fellow- looked' like' a bad man. The marshal went Into the car and soon had tho nllegei! thief 'out, though he protested vigorously. On being taken to Jail he was searched. A couple of revolvers were found in his pockets, as well as a lot of other plunder that he had evidently picked up-nt Niobrara. The missing over coat was also found In his possession. A constable came from Niobrara Sun day noon and took the prisoner back n the afternoon train. He gave, his name as John Town. HASTINGS IN LINE. Mayor Miles Culls Mecdng to Discuss Cupltal Removal. Mayor Miles, of Hastings has an nounced he will call a meeting of the Commercial club to consider the prop osition to change the location of the capital -to some point In central Ne braska. It is probable the commit tees will bo nppointed to co-operate with Commercial clubs of central and western Nebraska towns. Removal of the capital has been agitated there on several former occasions, but thls la the first time a woll defined move ment has been launched. Tho Kear ney and Grand Island clubs have tak en initial steps for the removal cam paign. MAX IS INSTANTLY KILLED. Sec tion Hand Run Over by a Passen ger Train. Henry Koehler, a section hand, was instantly killed in Fairmont Saturday morning by train No. 1. Mr. Koehler was working with his back toward the train and a strong wind was blowing so ho could not hear It approaching. His skull was crushed nnd both legs broken, ills body wns knocked about thirty feet from where he was stand ing. Mr. Koehler was an old resident of Fairmont and leaves a large family. To Vote on School Bonds. The board of education of Nebraska City at a meeting held last week adopted a resolution to submit tn tho voters of that city the proposition to vote for $80,000 school bonds with which to erect and equip a new high school building. The special election Is to be held on May 24. Calls Oakland Pastor. Rev. K. Foreman, pastor of the Swedish Mission church of Oakland, has received a call to Essex, la. He has not announced whether or not he will accept. The present cold snap recalls the blizzard of 1873. the thlrfv -Hftvent h anniversary of the blizzard being April 14. Many lives wero lost and much stock perished, especially In western iveurasKa and the. Dnkotas. Preliminary arrangements ara ?. ing made at Albion for the Chautau qua for this summer. The datea have been set for August 6 to 14. A strong er program will be presented thla year than ever before. , WASTE BY FIRE. I City Far Capita Loss Exceeds That of Rural Districts. The report of the Uulted States Geo logical Survey on tho waste of struc tural materials by fire gives interest ing figures concerning the Are waste in this country. In connection with tbla Investigation the Survey took up the question of fire losses and the expenses connected with Ores, such as fire de partments, waterworks, etc. Detail are given which are accepted as ac curate. Elaborate statistics were se cured by sending blanks to the chiefs of fire departments in more than 5,000 incorporated towns and cities and to the postmasters in rural districts with no large cities, to determine ths comparisons between urban and strict ly rural risks. The per capita Are loss reported from the cities was $2.54 and from the country districts $2.49. The absence ol the conflagration hazard in the country and of the exposure fires which form so large a proportion ot the losses Id the towns and cities Is offset by thf efficiency of the fire departments in ths cities, the proportion of the total losses being very much larger In tht country. It is estimated in the report that about 55 per cent of the total property is insured, a much stnallet proportion than is usually supposed. Excessive fire waste In tho United States is attributed to the predomi nance of frame buildings, over two thirds of the losses being in such risks The report has grouped eleven States which are practically treeless and compared thorn with the eleven States in which there Is still an abun fiance of timber, showing a per cnplta loss of $2.89 in the former States and $2.30 in the latter. States have been grouped geograph ically to analyze the fire loss, show ing a per cnplta of $2.19 in the South Atlantic States, $2".37 in the North Cen tral, $2.50 In the North Atlantic, $2.65 in -Die Western and $3.GG in the South Central. The excess in the latter dis trict is attributed to nn Unusually large number of frame buildings, care less construction and inferior f.re pro tection. WAHRINCr ON A PEST. ' National Aaaanlt on the Damajerona Ilouact Fly. The house fly miiBt go. Years ago science discovered that this filthy In sect was a dangerous disseminator of disease and the public has rapidly learned to protect the home, especially the Kitchen and dining room, from its encroachments. But war Is now de clared upon the fly's very existence. : Tho' American Civic Association hat taken the matter up, with headquar ter? in Washington, and the Depart ment of Agriculture is planning a ;outitry-wide crusade aided by an army of laborers and no end of drugs and chemicals. The campaign will be started in tht country districts, where the flies in tht past have been permitted to multiply without molestation. A special farm ers' bulletin is being prepared by ths bureau which will give valuable fly- killing recipes and tell of the various dn.eases spread by the fly. One feature of the campaign will b moving pictures, which will be used by lecturers all over the country to show the enormous mischief the fly is capable of. A union of the wood, wire and metaj (athera la being formed at Baksrsfleld, Cal. During February there were 237 In dustrial accidents In Canada and forty one work people killed. International Union of. Blacksmiths will send organizers to Boston to or ganize thoroughly the craft in that vi cinity. Organized labor in Denver, Colo., has united In a demand for the publlo ownership of the water supply for that city. The number of national and Inter national unions of laboring people has grown in nineteen years from twenty to thirty-five. The National Pharmaceutical Socle ty la the name given to a union recent ly formed by the drug clerks of New York City. Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of North America will hold their annual convention in Louisville, Ky., May 9. In England an Injured workman receives during his period of dis ability one-half the wages he would have earned if he had not been in lured. A recent meeting of the Memphis (Tenn.) tradea and labor council took up and discussed the question of a local labor temple, and a building commit tee to go Into 'tlie question was named. The Porto Rico unions which are af filiated with the American Federation of Labor are making an appeal to un ions In the United States for funds to aid the bakers In Mayague, who are on strike. The biennial vote of the Internation al Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union for their annual executive coun cil was announced by the board of electors at Cincinnati recently, showing a 65 per cent vote out of a membership of 22,000. From 1897 to the close of last year the American Federation of Labor had Issued 6.821 charters, as follows: Inter national 107, department 4, state, 38, central 986, trade unions 3,856. At this time It costa $208,702 a year to conduct the office of the American Federation of Labor. The average dally mail received at the White House Is, of course, very large. The President cannot, it fol lows, read these letters as an ordinary business man reads his morning mail, but by a carefully developed system their contents are in substance pre sented to him, nn exchange says. A corps of confidential clerks open the letters and give them a first reading. They are then carefully sorted. Msny of them do not need to go to the Presi dent, as they are simply recommenda tions for office. These, after being courteously acknowledged, are referred to the proper departments, and placed on file there until the subject to which each of them relates can be taken up for consideration. Many ot the let ters are purely formal, or contain re quests for something which cannot bt granted. These the clerks answer and the President's secretary signs. Tht requests for charity are so many that a special "form" has been devised to be used in answering them. They art all alike necessarily and politely re fused. All letters which the President ought to see are carefully briefed that Is, a slip Is pinned at the top of each letter, and on this is a typewritten synopsis of its contents, telling who the writer Is and what he has to pre sent. Frequently the President Is suf ficiently Interested by the brief to cause him to read the whole letter. Sometimes the communication is re ferred to a cabinet officer, In which case the slip is retained at the White House and filed away. When a large amount of persona write on the same subject the letters are bunched, and the brief at tho top gives the names ot those who present one argument, and In another list the persons who offer a different view. This is an admir able way of "Jumping at conclusions," made necessary by the excessive bur dens of the presidential office. At the end of February, when eight months of the fiscal year had expired, the deficit of the treasury was a little less than twenty Ave million dollars. The ordinary receipts were a little less than four hundred and twenty- seven and a half millions; the ordinary expenses, slightly more than four hundred and fifty-two mil lions. . The ordinary receipts and ex penditures are tlie entire receipts and disbursements except those on account of the "public debt and the Panama ca nal. As compared with ths same months of the preceding year the re ceipts wero forty-two millions more. and tho disbursements a million and a half loss. In that former year the def icit for tho eight months up to the end of February was sixty-eight mil lions, or more than forty-three million above that of the current year. Tht appropriations become effective on the fh'Bt day of July; and In that and tht three or four succeeding, months tht disbursements are heavy In amount, whereas the receipts are not usually larger than the average. Almost al ways the last few months of the fiscal year, which ends with June, exhibit an improvement over the first half of the year. The opinion of officials in the cen sub bureau at Washington Is said to be that the population of the country as a whole will be found to approxl mate 90,000,000. If the same rate ot Increase, however, has been maintain. ed In the last ten years as prevailed in the preceding ten the DODulation will reach 93,000,000. There are ex perts who figure that even a bireer rate of increase will be found to havt occurred and who declare that tht number of inhabitants of the United States will be discovered to be car. ticularly close to the 100,000,000 mark. if tnese optimists are right, the na tion's population has Jumped ahead about 24,000,000 in ten years. At tht Inst census the population was 76,000,. 000, an increase of about 14,000,000 ovet the census of 1890. An array of counsel ereater In nnm. ber and more noted than ever assem bled at The Hague to engage In tha trial of a special case has been retain ed to represent America and Great Britain in the determination of whnt is undoubtedly the most important Is sue ever presented to the great peace tribunal. Arguments will be begun on June 1. Technically this is tht deter mination of differences which havt arisen between the two governments &s to the true Intent of the nrovlslona of tho treaty ot 1818 defining the fish ing rights of Americans and Cana dians In their respective waters. Mrs. John B. Henderson has come to be known as the Terpsichore of Wash ington. It was Mrs. Henderson who formed the famous Greek and Span ish waltz classes for the Lenten per iod In which her pupils danced upon arising before open windows to make them supple and graceful. Home consumption of the country's products continues to show expansion when compared with last year. For the nine months ending with last month the exnorts of breadstuff, mmt and dairy products, food animals, cot ton and mineral olta from the United States, as shown by figures ot the De partment of Commerce and Labor, ag gregated in value 1658.289.954. For the corresponding period ot 1908-09 tho ralue of the commodities waa $687,794. 128.