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rruiftniMil with The Outlook, of which Mtlitor, Copyright, 110, by Tha Outlook Like most Americans Interested In btrds and books, I know a good deal about English birds as tber appear in Ibooks. I know the lark of Shake- peare and Shelley and the Ettrick JHhepherd; I know the inghtlngale ot AUJton and Keats; I know Wor da worth's cuckoo; I know mavis and morlle singing in the merry green wood of tha old ballads; I know Jenny Wren and Cock Robin of the nursery books. Therefore I have always much desired to hear tha birds In real life; and the opportunity offered last June. As I ould snatch but a few hours from a very exacting round of pleasures and da ties, It was necessary for roe to be wl& some companion who could Iden tify both song and singer. In Sir Kdward Grey, a keen lover of outdoor Ufa In ail its phases, and a delight ful companion, who knows the songs and ways of English birds as very few do know them, I found the best pos sible guide. We left London on the morning of June 9, 24 hours before I sailed from Southampton. Getting off the train at Sasingstoke, we drove to the pretty, smiling valley of the Itchen. Here we tramped for three or four hours, then again drove, this time to the edge ef the New Forest, where we first took tea at an inn, and then tramped through the forest to an Inn on Its oth er side, at BrockenhursL At the con clusion of our walk my companion made a list of the birda we had seen, putting an asterisk opposite those Which we had heard sing. There were 41 of tha former and 23 of the latter, as follows: Thrush, BUckblra, Lark, 'Yellow Hammer 'Robin, Wrn, Golden Crested Wren, Goldfinch, 'Greenfinch, Pled Wagtail, Sparrow, Dunnock idled ire Accentor). Missel Thrush. 'Starling, Rook, Jackdaw, Black Cap, Garden Warbler, 'Willow Warbler, Chiff Chaff, 'Wood Warbler. 'Tree iCreeper, "Reed Bunting, "Sedge War bier, Coot, Water Hen, Little Grebe j(Dabchick), Tufted Duck, Wood Pi igeon. Stock Dove, Turtle Dove, Pee- .wit, Tit (TCoal Tit), "Cuckoo, 'Night Jar, Swallow, Martin, Swift, Pbeasant, Blackbird, Sharp Tailed Finch, Song Partridge, .Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Bush . The bird that most Impressed me Sparrow, Purple Finch, Baltimore on my walk waa the blackbird. I had Oriole, Cowbuntlng, Robin, Scarlet already heard nightingales In abun- Thrush, Thrasher, Cat Bird, Scarlet dance near Lake Como, and had also Tanager, Red-Eyed Vlreo, Yellow War listened to larks, but I had never beard bier, Black-Throated Green Warbler, lther the blackbird, the song thrush, King Bird, Wood Pewee, Crow, Blue or tha black cap warbler; and while I Jay, Cedar Bird, Maryland Yellow knew all three were good singers, Throat, Chickadee, Black and White I did not know what really beau- Creeper, Barn Swallow, White Breasted tlf ul singers they were. Blackbirds Swallow, Oven Bird, ThlsUeflnch, Ves were very abundant, and they played a perflnch, Indigo Bunting, Townee, Erominent part in the chorus which we Grasshopper Sparrow and Screech eard throughout the day on every Owl. band, though, perhaps loudest the fol- I sent the companion of my English towing morning at dawn. In IU habits walk John Burroughs' "Birds and and manners, the blackbird strikingly I resembles our American robin, and ln-1 deed looks exactly like a robin, with I yellow bill and coal-black plumage. I It hops everywhere over the lawns, hist aa our robin does, and It lives In I bests in the gardens In the same fash- Ion. Its song has a general resem-1 blance to that ot our robin, but many I ot the notes are far more musical, I more like those of our wood thrush, Indeed there were Individuals among those we beard certain of whose notes seemed to me almost to equal In point I of melody the chlmeo of the wood thrush; and the highest possible praise for any aong bird is to liken Its song to that of the wood thrush or hermit thrush. I certainly do not think that the blackbird has received full justice In the books. I knew that it was a singer, but I really had no idea how fine a singer he was. I suppose one of his troubles haa been his name, just as with our own cat bird. When he appears in the ballads as the merle, bracketed with his cousin, the mavis, the aong thrush. It is far easier to rec- Ignite him aa the master singer that he is. It is a fine thing tor England to have such an aaset ot the country- aide, a bird so common, so much in evi - 'dence, so tearless, and such a really beautiful alnxor. The most musical singer we heard waa the black cap warbler. To my my ear its song seemed more musical than that of the nightingale. It waa astonishingly powerful tor so email a bird: in volume and continuity it doea not come up to the songs of the thrushes and of certain other birds, but in quality, aa an isolated bit ot melody, it can hardly be surpassed. Among the minor singers the robin waa noticeable. We all know this .pretty little bird from the books, and I was prepared to find him aa friendly and attractive as he proved to be, but I had not realised how well he sang. No Cause for Alarm. 1 have decided," said the theatrical manager, "to give you a trial. Miss Arlington. Please be ready to begtn rehearsing Monday afternoon." Thank you so much. But before we go any further I muBt inform you that 1 shall positively refuse to wear tlghU or a gown that is cut low in the neck." "Ob, that's all right In the part :that rm going to give you. you will merely have to stand behind a shed I and help to scream when tbe cychme strikes town." Rather Suggestive. Advance Aent (minstrel show) I hope you are giving ma the foots about the bouoe we will daaw. Yon don't string actors out here do yout Bad Bill (Wolf Valley) WKL pard. that just depends on tbe acting. Would Go tk Llmrt. 'Why don't you perfect a melon ,wlth a handle, so that people could carry it coLvenlentlyT" -It would be a waste of urn" an. mwered tha horticultural wizard. "Then Vint 'am with wheaW English Singing Birds Rovtt In Tha Outlook, Tit trlal Theodora RooaevAlt la Contributing Com pa nr. All Rights Reaarved. It was not a loud song, but very mu sical and attractive, and the bird is said to sing practically all through the year. The song of the wren inter ested me much, because it was not In the least like that of our bouse wrens, but, on the contrary, like that of our winter wren. The theme is the same as the winter wren's, but the song did not seem to me to be so brilliantly mu sical as that of the tiny singer of the north woods. The sedge warbler sang In the thlrk reeds a mocking ventrllo qulal lay, which reminded me at times of tbe lesr pronounced parts of our yellow breasted chat's song. The cuckoo's cry was singularly attractive and musical, far more so than the rolling, many times repeated, note of our rain-crow. Ten days later, at Sagamore Hill, I was among my own birds, and was much Interested as I listened to and looked at them in remembering the notes and actions of the birds I had seen in England. On the evening ol the first day I sat in my roc kin. chair on the broad veranda, looking across the sound towards the glory of the sunset The thickly grassed hill side sloped down In front of me to a belt of forest from which rose the golden, leisurely chiming of tne wood thrushes, chanting their vespers ; through the still air came the warble of vlreo and tanager; and after night fall we heard the flight song of an oven bird from the same belt of tim ber. Overhead an oriole eang In the weeping elm, now and then breaking his song to scold like an overgrown wren. Bong sparrows and cat birds eang in the shrubbery; one robin had built its nest over the front, and one over the back door, and there was a chippy's nest in the wisteria vine by the porch. During the next 24 hours I saw and heard, either right around the house or while walking down to bathe through tha woods, the following 42 birds: Little Green Heron, Quail, Had Tail ed Hawk, Yellow Billed Cuckoo, Kingfisher, Flicker, Hummingbird, Swift, Meadow Lark, Red Winged Foots." John Burroughs' life work Is beginning to have Its full effect In many different lines. When he first wrote there were few men of letters in our country who knew nature at first hand. Now there are many who delight In our birds, who know their songs, who keenly love all that belongs to out-of -doors life. For instance, Mad lson Caweln and Ernest McGaffy have for a number of years written ot our woods and fields, of the birds and the flowers, as only those can write who Join to love ot nature the gtft of ob- (serration and the gift of description Mr. Caweln is a Kentucklan; and an other Kentucklan, Miss Julia Stockton Dlnsmore, in the little volume ol poems which ahe has just published, includes many which describe with beauty and charm the alghts and sounds so dear to all of ua whe know American country life. Mist Dlnsmore knows Kentucky, and the gulf coast of Louisiana, and the great plains of North Dakota; andsheknowi also the regions that lie outside ol what can be seen with material vision. For years in our family we have hai some of her poems in the scrap book cut from newspapers when we knew 1 nothing about her except the initial! I signed in the verses. Only one who I sees with the eyes ot the spirit aa well I aa the eyes of the body could have written the "Threnody," curiously at tractive In its simplicity and pathos, with which the little book opens. It contalna many poems that make a aim liar appeal. The writer knows blue- I bird and robin, redblrd and field lark I and whippoorwlll, just as she knows southern rivers and western plains; she knows rushing winds and running waters and the sights and sounds ot lonely places; and moreover, ahe knows and almost tells those hidden things ot the heart which never find I complete utterance. THEODORE ROOSEVELT still tr 400. Ward They say there are about 276,000 automobiles owned by Individ' uala in the United States, or one tor every 400 population." McAllister Well, are you in the 409 yet? Yonkers Statesmen. Filling Up. "What do you do when you have no news? It must be hard to fill op.' "When we have no news." explained the New York Journalist, "we use larg er typo" Twice as Much. "So you want to sell your store. Wtiat's the matter with itr "Nothing is the natter with IL Look here, I bought this store a year ago. It was doing absolutely no business at all. In the first six months its bualneaa has doubled!" A Chronlo etlm. "Pver boy any false stock T" "All kinds, and I have also gone int. more than a hundred various schemes. Td boy a halt interest in a railroad M I ware properlx approached." ONE OF BROOKLYN'S jr Sf M . n ' ; 1'. , ' ' " . I T . Left Fielder Wheat. When Manager "mil" Dahlen commenced to "reconstruct" the Brook lyn team at the beginning ot the season, about the first player he secured was outfielder Wheat from the Mobile team of the Southern league. Wheat has certainly made good. He Is near the top of the list of the National League sluggers and his fielding has been equally as good. THE classification legislation in the National association national sgreeinent will be revised at the annual meeting of that organization in Chicago next fall. The system may not undergo radical change, but there will be modifications that will do away with abuses and Injustices that have arisen in the course of the develop ment ot the game, to individual minor leagues in all sections ot the country. The major leagues are interested in the matter, because the draft price of the player is determined by the rank of the minor league of which the club to which he belongs is a mem ber at the time of his selection, but the parties of the first part in the Agreement will have no part in the new grouping of the minor leagues. This power is delegated to the minors by section 5 of Article 6 of the na- tlonal agreement, which reads as fol lows: The National association shall have the classification of Its leagues and the adoption of a salary for its clubs according to such classification and it agrees to withdraw protection from any league which allows any of its clubs to exceed the salary nmu pre scribed for leagues of Its cisssinca- Hon ti, aurppedlnK section nxes in nrinn for selectlusc a Class A player by a major club at xi.uw. u a player at 750; of a Class C player at 1500 and of a player irom u v.uu i wr rloas." at $300 The quoted words were manifestly employed in ex pectation of the creation ol ciasws oe- low D and are assureuiy nuuiuv., .iono tn Include the rest of the letters nt ih aluhabet. However, it is ap- rt.n ihnt. althougn me iauuimi n soclatlon has soie comrui grading of Us leagues In rank, three B and C must be retained i ,r that the drafting rights ot the major leagues unaer aecuou , j- tlcle 6, may be exercisea m wo fixed for each of these ranas. i.. the Tigers out ot the pennant running this year? Decidedly not.' said Manager Hughey Jennings the other day. "We've got to work hard er than ever before, tnais ait. wnu do I think will win K we ran 10 gei in at the finish. Well, frankly, 1 like the iv nf the Red Sox. The Red Sox inom has even chances wun me aid letlcs of landing first in the race, de spite tbe big handicap the Connie . i.. nw have on Taylor's men. As ir na this Red Sox smash-bang hit ling continues nothing In the world will stop the team. Great pitching by remarkable pitching stan sucn as h Athletics have will win a pennant, sometimes, but when you have to choose between a team mat is piaying great ball in the field and hitting fair ly well behind wonderful pitchers, and a team that is duduiihk wm cuu eaence which has resuiiea irom long stretch ot victories is able to start a batting rauy wuicu means everywhere from three to four singles to six or eight hits with doubles and triples scattered among them, and has a rnnnle Of great leu-uauuuro, wlv bbi- dora pitch three, four or five hit games, but who never get hammered out of the box either, why, give me the chaps who are hitting and who have the confidence. It would be great thing tor Boston to win me pen nant, and if we cannot climb in there, why, my best wisnes to rat Donovan team." President Lynch has been closely obborvlng the work of his umpires. He Is fairly well satisfied with the way they are performing, but is anxious to Improve the staff as much aa he can Next year he expects to have two or three new men ot Intelligence and good Judgment. "In order to get high class men for tbe position,' said the league chief, "it Is necessary to make the work attractive. Intelligent men will not stand for constant dally abuse on the field, and I am doing my best to eliminate the use of bud laguuge by players. It we can huBh up the rough fellow it will be easy to get a fine claws of men to do the umpiring, for It Is Interesting work. I think we are making progress along that line. Every case ot profane or obscene lan guage used to an umpire calls for a flue or suspension, and this rule is being rigorously enforced." Mr. Lynch J very earnest In his desire to make BRIGHTEST STARS V the game clean and attractive to the best people, and he Is succeeding in his Intention. More than $5,000,000 will be paid out this year In salaries to baseball play ers. This does not indue the enor mous expense of keeping parks in or der, buying supplies and paying travel ing expenses. The total expenditure for the baseball of the two big leagues during the season thi year will run ciose io jiu.uuu.ijuu. Haseball is a paying institution. August Herrmann, chairman of the National Baseball commission, predicts that this season will pay eight per cent, on the money invested in baseball. "Baseball is the greatest business in the land." be says. "It is a progressive business and is continually growing." Paul Smith, left fielder ot the Can ton team of the Illinois-Missouri league, was purchased the other day Dy f resident Murphy of the Cubs tor $500. James Murphy, a brother ot the president, located the nineteen-year oia piayer on a scouting trip. Smith is six feet one inch tall, weighs 190 pounds, and has been batting close to tne .3Z0 mark. It is his first year in professional baseball and he will re- main wnn canton until the Illinois- Missouri league season closes. Jack Sheridan has been created the tutor of the young "arbitrators" of the American league. Ban Johnson could not let the veteran get away from him and made a new Job for the man that pas been calling balls and strikes in the league ever since the start ten years ago. The baseball fans of St. Paul are watching and waiting for the blow-un of that Minneapolis club, and If the bottom of the Miller sack does not fall out within the next two weeks there will be several suicide tricks turned In the city of the Saints. Pitcher Walter Manning, who has been with the New York American league club since 1908, has been re leased to Rochester of the Eastern league. Lawrence McClure, the form er Amherst college twlrler, has been turned over to Jersey City. Lord, who was recently traded by the Naps to tne Atnietics for Infield er Rath, is killing the ball for Mack He made four hit in the first game of a double-header the other day against his former teammates just to show McGuire's poor Judgment. ah or me w nue stocmnga went "swimming" the other day shortly aft er they bad reached Detroit. They didn't return until supper time. Even then there wasn't life enough in the squad to start an argument. Hilly Sunday Is to be a close neigh bor of Billy Sullivan near Roseifvg, Ore. Sunday's fruit orchard wl he near enough to permit the two vefer ans to get together for a fanning bee every once In a while. Dick Oooley has his rooters pretty well trained out in Topeka. After the Topeka team lost twice the other day the funs took after the umpire and chased the poor fellow a nillo and a haif, but Tip O'Neill would not have bltu ou his staff If he was not a good runner. ' Frank Navin, president of the De troit Tigers, wants young men to help the champions. The recent slump of the team has caused Navin to send Jimmy Casey and Mulaihl Klttrlilge scouting along with Hob Lowe and the orders are to bring in young players to take the place of the veterans that are showing signs of decay. Fred Tenney may become the base ball coach at Harvard next year. His salary will be $3,000 and in his spare moments. he would be furnUhed with other remunerative employment. Pretty soft for the veteran Giant first baseman. PLAYING FOR SINGLE RUNS WINS PENNANTS JOE TINKER OF CHICAGO CUBS SAYS HIS TEAM WON THREE CHAMPIONSHIP FLAGS BY GO ING AFTER SOLITARY SCORES. TtT JOE TINKER. (Copyright, 1!)10, by Jom-pli U. Bow'ea.) Playing for one run at a time, and making sure of that one, is the way to win at baseball. The day of big bat ting averages la over, nnd the team that can advance runners steadily and work together at the bar, and on the bases, Is the winner. In the first place the pitching has become so good that one run counts for twice as much as it did even ten years tigo and the first run In a game counts for more than that. I think a team wins that has a good man, especially a good waiter, who also can hit, leading off. It the first man up In a game gets to first, is sac rificed down, and either of the next two batters can get him home, that game Is almost won right there. The other team is handicapped. Is unable to play as resourceful and mixed np a game as it could do if ahead, or on equal terms, while the team that is leading can take chances and vary the style of attack, standing a much bet ter chance of making more runs sim ply because It can afford to take chances, while tha other team must play a desperate defensive game, play close and take desperate chances to cut oft runs. The Cubs have won three pennants by playing for one run at a time, be cause their pitchers have always held the other teams down to low scores, and I think we have the best team at making the one run that ever was or ganized. The way to get that one run Is to have a resourceful attack, and to keep outguessing the other team all the time and never allow the style of play to become machine-like. By that I mean to hit the first ball when the pitcher Is expecting you to wait, to wait when he expects you to hit and to wait him out to the limit it he shows any signs of unsteadiness. We fre quently wait out pitchers for three or four Innings, perhaps without getting a hit or a base, and then switch the system and hit the first ball that comes over. We fight all the time to get that first man on bases. Then, It the opening is made, we change the gamo and try to surprise the other team. If they are creeping In, expect ing bunts, we may Bwitch and play hit and run. It is merely trying to do the unexpected, and our whole scheme ot attack is based on getting one run across. I think we have been so suc cessful at this because we have a per fect signaling system. Each batter has three signals with the three men ri ' ' Joe Tinker. ahead of him, and three with the three who follow him. Ordinarily Chance permits us to use our own Judgment as to what to do at bat and on bases, but if ho gives a signal from the bench it is carried out. If he signals bit, the batter hits, it bunt, he bunts, and It is that working together and bitting together that haa won for us. No matter how good a player may be, he is worthless to a club until he learns to forget himself and his bat ting average and hit for runs. It is team work and team bitting that wins games. O'Rourke to Play One More Game. Expressing a desire to round out 40 years ot professional baseball playing, JumeB H. "Orator" O'Rourke ot Bridgeport (Conn.) league, lawyer, former owner of the Bridgeport team and ono ot the oldest, if not the oldest professional player In the country, will probably catch one game for New Ha ven during the present season. When the Bridgeport man spoke of hla de sire, Cameron said he would be pleased to have him play In any game th veteran mlcht find convenient. This will make O'Rourke's thirty- eighth year In baseball He says he wishes to play one game a year as long as he Is able to do so. Sox Can Now "See Kelly." The National commission bas de cided that the Chicago American's claim to A. M. Kelly Is valid and that the Holyoke club must strike his name from Its suspended list. The evidence showed that terms submitted by Kelly were not accepted by Holyoke. Kelly's Halm for salary will be considered later. rwii-nv In Bad Shaee. ww' - - j ni,..io. v fnnrtnev. famous aa the coach of the Cornell crews, is serious ly in ulth acute indigestion at nis ...minor home on Cayuga lake. So i......in n...rrt the reDorts of his con aim iiiiiie, - dltion that J. W. Dugan, graduate manaeer of athletics, and Judge i. T...I..O nf thfl Cornell Athletic rruuK association hastened to hia bedside. Speaker Hitting Ball Hard. Speaker's hitting Is winning many games for those Boston Red Sox. He is always there In a pinch, and prom ises to give Lajole and Cobb a hard run for the premier batting honors of the American Lear"' and; ifC Mi :louds to predict weather. forecasts Made by Dr. A. de Quervsln of Zurich, Are of Utmost Scien tific Importance. Cloud weather forecasts made by Dr. A. de Quervnln of Zurich are of the utmost scientific and practical Im portance, His deductions are based on the familiar cumulus cloud of warm summer days. When reaching heights of six or seven miles It becomes a trundie cloud. The high floating top assumes the shape ot a fleecy Ice needle cloud and extends sideways In anvil shape. The ordinary cumuhts cloud undergoes similar transforma tions at a level of three to four miles, and so does not lead to the forma tion of thunder storms but merely to the production of fleecy clouds. This sort of cloud can be regarded as a presage of good weather. The veil shaped hooded clouds have not been sufficiently explained. Often they encompass the top of a quickly rising cumulus cloud, and until re cently were thought to be lnstrumen tal in the production of hail. They are always found to be intimately con nected with existing fleecy clouds, and on the other hand presages bad weather, occurring previous to thun der storms. Even such reliable presages of thunder storms are the remarkably delicate varieties of fleeey ckeude which are mostly found floating about four miles high. On a darker layer there are superposed delicate white heads. These lofty curly heads, gen erally In the morning, safely predict a thunder storm within twenty-four hours. By balloon ascents It was found that the occurrence of these clouds coincides with a violent drop In the temperature. MECHANICAL FAN ON CHAIR Each Movement of Rocker Serves to Make Device Revolve by Means of Gearing. There are several kinds of chair fans, but almost if not quite all of them are of the sort that waves palm-leaf fan over tbe head. An Ohio man has Invented a revolving fan for connection with a rocking chair that seems to be an Improvement on all of them. , This revolving fan is held over the head of the person sitting in the chair by means of a curved metal support Running down the back of the chair is a driving shaft which connects with a speed gearing under the seat There are two gearings, a winding shaft and clutch and a ratch et, the last named operated by rock arms pivoted in one of the rockers of the chair. As the chair rocks forward the ratchet is moved one way and turns the gearing, which in turn oper ates the driving shaft and makes the fan revolve. When the chair rocks backward the ratchet la turned In the opposite direction and the whole Mechanical Chair Fan. aovement is reversed. Thus a steady current of air is kept up as long as the chair is moving. Air and Mental Activity. It Is a matter of common observa tion how a turn in fresh air often has the effect of stimulating the activity of the mind as well as of the body. Yet, -Sllen II. Richards at the recent meeting of the American Chemical as sociation, said there are few parts of the borderland of science less known than that which pertains to the air we breathe. The proper ventilation of rooms preserves a still unsolved prob lem, not theoretically, but practically. What is "fresh air" for one is a "draft" for another, and the problem Is to reconcile both. Heat and hu midity are the most dangerous prod ucts of still life, and the mixing In of fresh air is a prime necessity. For this purpose of a window opened an Inch at the top is more effective than one raised a foot at the bottom. Device for Sterilizing Water. An apparatus for sterilizing water aas recently been put on the market In France, In which ozone Is used to destroy the bacteria. The ozone Is generated by means of electrical dis charges, and the gas Is Introduced Into the water by means of an aspirator. Tho ozone la led into a mixing tube screwed to the water faucet, and the water Is forced by a small pump through several compartments, so that It is divided into a number of fine Jets. In this way an intimate mixture of the gas and water is obtained. The device Is so arranged that the ozone Is generated only when tbe faucet Is opened. Inflate Automobile Tires. To inflate automobile tires with a minimum of effort there bas been brought out a tank to be carried on a car to receive a portion of the ex ploded gases from the engine, which thus fre compressed and may be turned into the tire through a flexible Jube. I NEUMATIC HEEL FOR SHOES Expression "Walking on Air," Hither to Used Metaphorically, Now Has Real Meaning. The expression "walking on air," hitherto used metaphorically, has now a real meaning. A New York man has Invented a pneumatic heel for shoes by means of which the wearer of the shoos will actually walk on air. The leather heel of the shoe bas a circular opening Into which fits a con ical metal body open at tbe bottom, thus leaving an air space around the apex of the cone. Across the bottom of the cone is an elastic rubber heel, piece, and on this Is a leather tread- Pneumatic Heel. ! piece, thus leaving an air space Inside the cone. These two pneumatic cham bers act as cushions and give a resil iency to the step. IMPROVED BEEF-JUICE PRESS French Inventor Arranges Device for Securing One of Best Foods for Invalids. One of the best foods for invalids is the juice of rare beef, which is cut into fragments and pressed out by means of a small hand press. An in ventor in France has recently devised a very simple press for this purpose, which allows of expressing the Juice of a large amount of beef at a time. The press Is similar to the ordinary type, being formed of a suitable recep tacle with a plunger, which is forced down by a hand screw. Instead of Improved Beef-Juice Press. operating the plunger for each piece ot beef, the device is arranged to take a number of layers of beef, which are separated by disks of corrugated and perforated metal, aa shown in the crocs sectional view, says Sclentlflo American. The press Is provided with a spout at one side, through which the Juice is drained out into a cup or bowl. After the plunger has been forced down the press may be hung up on a nail, allowing the beef juice to drain out thoroughly. SCIENTIFIC NOTES. The surface of the earth is said to be 196,971,984 square miles. It is said by anatomists that people hear better with their mouths open. The average hen will lay 400 eggs, nearly one-half of them in her third year. A watch ticks 1S7.680.000 times in a year, and the wheels travel 3,558 miles. Almost any flower can be bleached white by exposure to the fumes of sulphur. It takes 7,000 tons of coal to bring one of the modern liners across the Atlantic. Lavender and rose perfumes are credited with the virtue ot being ml-' crobe killers. Thirty-eight of every 1,000 English-, men marry after they are more than 60 years old. The earliest coinage that can be. called American was struck off in Massachusetts in 1652. Ten ships, each a century or more old, are still in active service in the Danish mercantile marine. There are about 3,000 weddings ev ery twenty-four hours, taking the et? tire world ifTto consld ration. Experiments with the ultra-violent light appear to show that It Is more effective for sterilizing liquids than ozone. Paris haa thirty-two miles of under ground railways and the construction of twenty-three more miles haa been, authorized. Tbe amount of carbon exhaled fromi a man's lungs each day, if it could b solidified, would equal that in a lump of coal weighing half a ton. Up to 1789 the chief water works ot New York City was In Chatham street, uo'v Park row. The water was carted about the city in casks and sold from carts. High atmospheric pressure in the case of persons not doing manual la bor has been found to act as a mental stimulus, increasing the Impulse to talk. Prof. Lowell announces that he has discovered a new canal 1,000 miles in length on Mars. The canal developed between May and September of last year. It was so cold in New York part of the winter of 1779 that residents In the vicinity were compelled to cut down the tall trees that stood at what is now the head of Wail street to make kindling wood. A French scientist has Invented an apparatus for sterilizing water, which passes in it in spiral tubes around a long mercury vapor lamp, to utilize the bacteriological properties of th violet and ultra violet rays. Scotland's Bank. Scotland bas a system of eight banks I with 12,000 branches. t .