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Dakota County herald. (Dakota City, Neb.) 1891-1965, August 19, 1910, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010270500/1910-08-19/ed-1/seq-8/

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tiMrintnd from an artM bv Thodvr
rruiftniMil with The Outlook, of which
Mtlitor, Copyright, 110, by Tha Outlook
Like most Americans Interested In
btrds and books, I know a good deal
about English birds as tber appear in
Ibooks. I know the lark of Shake-
peare and Shelley and the Ettrick
JHhepherd; I know the inghtlngale ot
AUJton and Keats; I know Wor da
worth's cuckoo; I know mavis and
morlle singing in the merry green wood
of tha old ballads; I know Jenny Wren
and Cock Robin of the nursery books.
Therefore I have always much desired
to hear tha birds In real life; and the
opportunity offered last June. As I
ould snatch but a few hours from a
very exacting round of pleasures and
da ties, It was necessary for roe to be
wl& some companion who could Iden
tify both song and singer. In Sir
Kdward Grey, a keen lover of outdoor
Ufa In ail its phases, and a delight
ful companion, who knows the songs
and ways of English birds as very few
do know them, I found the best pos
sible guide.
We left London on the morning of
June 9, 24 hours before I sailed from
Southampton. Getting off the train at
Sasingstoke, we drove to the pretty,
smiling valley of the Itchen. Here
we tramped for three or four hours,
then again drove, this time to the edge
ef the New Forest, where we first
took tea at an inn, and then tramped
through the forest to an Inn on Its oth
er side, at BrockenhursL At the con
clusion of our walk my companion
made a list of the birda we had seen,
putting an asterisk opposite those
Which we had heard sing. There were
41 of tha former and 23 of the latter,
as follows:
Thrush, BUckblra, Lark, 'Yellow
Hammer 'Robin, Wrn, Golden
Crested Wren, Goldfinch, 'Greenfinch,
Pled Wagtail, Sparrow, Dunnock
idled ire Accentor). Missel Thrush.
'Starling, Rook, Jackdaw, Black Cap,
Garden Warbler, 'Willow Warbler,
Chiff Chaff, 'Wood Warbler. 'Tree
iCreeper, "Reed Bunting, "Sedge War
bier, Coot, Water Hen, Little Grebe
j(Dabchick), Tufted Duck, Wood Pi
igeon. Stock Dove, Turtle Dove, Pee-
.wit, Tit (TCoal Tit), "Cuckoo, 'Night
Jar, Swallow, Martin, Swift, Pbeasant, Blackbird, Sharp Tailed Finch, Song
Partridge, .Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Bush
. The bird that most Impressed me Sparrow, Purple Finch, Baltimore
on my walk waa the blackbird. I had Oriole, Cowbuntlng, Robin, Scarlet
already heard nightingales In abun- Thrush, Thrasher, Cat Bird, Scarlet
dance near Lake Como, and had also Tanager, Red-Eyed Vlreo, Yellow War
listened to larks, but I had never beard bier, Black-Throated Green Warbler,
lther the blackbird, the song thrush, King Bird, Wood Pewee, Crow, Blue
or tha black cap warbler; and while I Jay, Cedar Bird, Maryland Yellow
knew all three were good singers, Throat, Chickadee, Black and White
I did not know what really beau- Creeper, Barn Swallow, White Breasted
tlf ul singers they were. Blackbirds Swallow, Oven Bird, ThlsUeflnch, Ves
were very abundant, and they played a perflnch, Indigo Bunting, Townee,
Erominent part in the chorus which we Grasshopper Sparrow and Screech
eard throughout the day on every Owl.
band, though, perhaps loudest the fol- I sent the companion of my English
towing morning at dawn. In IU habits walk John Burroughs' "Birds and
and manners, the blackbird strikingly I
resembles our American robin, and ln-1
deed looks exactly like a robin, with I
yellow bill and coal-black plumage. I
It hops everywhere over the lawns,
hist aa our robin does, and It lives In I
bests in the gardens In the same fash-
Ion. Its song has a general resem-1
blance to that ot our robin, but many I
ot the notes are far more musical, I
more like those of our wood thrush,
Indeed there were Individuals among
those we beard certain of whose notes
seemed to me almost to equal In point I
of melody the chlmeo of the wood
thrush; and the highest possible praise
for any aong bird is to liken Its song
to that of the wood thrush or hermit
thrush. I certainly do not think that
the blackbird has received full justice
In the books. I knew that it was a
singer, but I really had no idea how
fine a singer he was. I suppose one of
his troubles haa been his name, just
as with our own cat bird. When he
appears in the ballads as the merle,
bracketed with his cousin, the mavis,
the aong thrush. It is far easier to rec-
Ignite him aa the master singer that
he is. It is a fine thing tor England
to have such an aaset ot the country-
aide, a bird so common, so much in evi -
'dence, so tearless, and such a really
beautiful alnxor.
The most musical singer we heard
waa the black cap warbler. To my
my ear its song seemed more musical
than that of the nightingale. It waa
astonishingly powerful tor so email a
bird: in volume and continuity it doea
not come up to the songs of the
thrushes and of certain other birds,
but in quality, aa an isolated bit ot
melody, it can hardly be surpassed.
Among the minor singers the robin
waa noticeable. We all know this
.pretty little bird from the books, and
I was prepared to find him aa friendly
and attractive as he proved to be, but
I had not realised how well he sang.
No Cause for Alarm.
1 have decided," said the theatrical
manager, "to give you a trial. Miss
Arlington. Please be ready to begtn
rehearsing Monday afternoon."
Thank you so much. But before we
go any further I muBt inform you that
1 shall positively refuse to wear tlghU
or a gown that is cut low in the neck."
"Ob, that's all right In the part
:that rm going to give you. you will
merely have to stand behind a shed
I and help to scream when tbe cychme
strikes town."
Rather Suggestive.
Advance Aent (minstrel show) I
hope you are giving ma the foots
about the bouoe we will daaw. Yon
don't string actors out here do yout
Bad Bill (Wolf Valley) WKL pard.
that just depends on tbe acting.
Would Go tk Llmrt.
'Why don't you perfect a melon
,wlth a handle, so that people could
carry it coLvenlentlyT"
-It would be a waste of urn" an.
mwered tha horticultural wizard. "Then
Vint 'am with wheaW
English
Singing Birds
Rovtt In Tha Outlook, Tit trlal
Theodora RooaevAlt la Contributing
Com pa nr. All Rights Reaarved.
It was not a loud song, but very mu
sical and attractive, and the bird is
said to sing practically all through the
year. The song of the wren inter
ested me much, because it was not In
the least like that of our bouse wrens,
but, on the contrary, like that of our
winter wren. The theme is the same
as the winter wren's, but the song did
not seem to me to be so brilliantly mu
sical as that of the tiny singer of the
north woods. The sedge warbler sang
In the thlrk reeds a mocking ventrllo
qulal lay, which reminded me at times
of tbe lesr pronounced parts of our
yellow breasted chat's song. The
cuckoo's cry was singularly attractive
and musical, far more so than the
rolling, many times repeated, note of
our rain-crow.
Ten days later, at Sagamore Hill, I
was among my own birds, and was
much Interested as I listened to and
looked at them in remembering the
notes and actions of the birds I had
seen in England. On the evening ol
the first day I sat in my roc kin.
chair on the broad veranda, looking
across the sound towards the glory of
the sunset The thickly grassed hill
side sloped down In front of me to a
belt of forest from which rose the
golden, leisurely chiming of tne wood
thrushes, chanting their vespers ;
through the still air came the warble
of vlreo and tanager; and after night
fall we heard the flight song of an
oven bird from the same belt of tim
ber. Overhead an oriole eang In the
weeping elm, now and then breaking
his song to scold like an overgrown
wren. Bong sparrows and cat birds
eang in the shrubbery; one robin had
built its nest over the front, and one
over the back door, and there was a
chippy's nest in the wisteria vine by
the porch. During the next 24 hours I
saw and heard, either right around the
house or while walking down to bathe
through tha woods, the following 42
birds:
Little Green Heron, Quail, Had Tail
ed Hawk, Yellow Billed Cuckoo,
Kingfisher, Flicker, Hummingbird,
Swift, Meadow Lark, Red Winged
Foots." John Burroughs' life work Is
beginning to have Its full effect In
many different lines. When he first
wrote there were few men of letters
in our country who knew nature at
first hand. Now there are many who
delight In our birds, who know their
songs, who keenly love all that belongs
to out-of -doors life. For instance, Mad
lson Caweln and Ernest McGaffy have
for a number of years written ot our
woods and fields, of the birds and the
flowers, as only those can write who
Join to love ot nature the gtft of ob-
(serration and the gift of description
Mr. Caweln is a Kentucklan; and an
other Kentucklan, Miss Julia Stockton
Dlnsmore, in the little volume ol
poems which ahe has just published,
includes many which describe with
beauty and charm the alghts and
sounds so dear to all of ua whe
know American country life. Mist
Dlnsmore knows Kentucky, and the
gulf coast of Louisiana, and the great
plains of North Dakota; andsheknowi
also the regions that lie outside ol
what can be seen with material vision.
For years in our family we have hai
some of her poems in the scrap book
cut from newspapers when we knew
1 nothing about her except the initial!
I signed in the verses. Only one who
I sees with the eyes ot the spirit aa well
I aa the eyes of the body could have
written the "Threnody," curiously at
tractive In its simplicity and pathos,
with which the little book opens. It
contalna many poems that make a aim
liar appeal. The writer knows blue-
I bird and robin, redblrd and field lark
I and whippoorwlll, just as she knows
southern rivers and western plains;
she knows rushing winds and running
waters and the sights and sounds ot
lonely places; and moreover, ahe
knows and almost tells those hidden
things ot the heart which never find
I complete utterance.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT
still tr 400.
Ward They say there are about
276,000 automobiles owned by Individ'
uala in the United States, or one tor
every 400 population."
McAllister Well, are you in the 409
yet? Yonkers Statesmen.
Filling Up.
"What do you do when you have no
news? It must be hard to fill op.'
"When we have no news." explained
the New York Journalist, "we use larg
er typo"
Twice as Much.
"So you want to sell your store.
Wtiat's the matter with itr
"Nothing is the natter with IL Look
here, I bought this store a year ago.
It was doing absolutely no business
at all. In the first six months its
bualneaa has doubled!"
A Chronlo etlm.
"Pver boy any false stock T"
"All kinds, and I have also gone int.
more than a hundred various schemes.
Td boy a halt interest in a railroad M
I ware properlx approached."
ONE OF BROOKLYN'S
jr
Sf M . n '
; 1'. ,
' ' " . I T .
Left Fielder Wheat.
When Manager "mil" Dahlen commenced to "reconstruct" the Brook
lyn team at the beginning ot the season, about the first player he secured
was outfielder Wheat from the Mobile team of the Southern league. Wheat
has certainly made good. He Is near the top of the list of the National
League sluggers and his fielding has been equally as good.
THE classification legislation in the
National association national
sgreeinent will be revised at the
annual meeting of that organization in
Chicago next fall. The system may
not undergo radical change, but there
will be modifications that will do away
with abuses and Injustices that have
arisen in the course of the develop
ment ot the game, to individual minor
leagues in all sections ot the country.
The major leagues are interested in
the matter, because the draft price
of the player is determined by the
rank of the minor league of which the
club to which he belongs is a mem
ber at the time of his selection, but
the parties of the first part in the
Agreement will have no part in the
new grouping of the minor leagues.
This power is delegated to the minors
by section 5 of Article 6 of the na-
tlonal agreement, which reads as fol
lows: The National association shall have
the classification of Its leagues and
the adoption of a salary for its clubs
according to such classification and it
agrees to withdraw protection from
any league which allows any of its
clubs to exceed the salary nmu pre
scribed for leagues of Its cisssinca-
Hon
ti, aurppedlnK section nxes in
nrinn for selectlusc a Class A player by
a major club at xi.uw. u a
player at 750; of a Class C player at
1500 and of a player irom u v.uu i
wr rloas." at $300 The quoted
words were manifestly employed in ex
pectation of the creation ol ciasws oe-
low D and are assureuiy nuuiuv.,
.iono tn Include the rest of the letters
nt ih aluhabet. However, it is ap-
rt.n ihnt. althougn me iauuimi n
soclatlon has soie comrui
grading of Us leagues In rank, three
B and C must be retained
i ,r that the drafting rights ot the
major leagues unaer aecuou , j-
tlcle 6, may be exercisea m wo
fixed for each of these ranas.
i.. the Tigers out ot the pennant
running this year? Decidedly not.'
said Manager Hughey Jennings the
other day. "We've got to work hard
er than ever before, tnais ait. wnu
do I think will win K we ran 10 gei in
at the finish. Well, frankly, 1 like the
iv nf the Red Sox. The Red Sox
inom has even chances wun me aid
letlcs of landing first in the race, de
spite tbe big handicap the Connie
. i.. nw have on Taylor's men. As
ir na this Red Sox smash-bang hit
ling continues nothing In the world
will stop the team. Great pitching by
remarkable pitching stan sucn as
h Athletics have will win a pennant,
sometimes, but when you have to
choose between a team mat is piaying
great ball in the field and hitting fair
ly well behind wonderful pitchers, and
a team that is duduiihk wm cuu
eaence which has resuiiea irom
long stretch ot victories is able to
start a batting rauy wuicu means
everywhere from three to four singles
to six or eight hits with doubles and
triples scattered among them, and has
a rnnnle Of great leu-uauuuro, wlv bbi-
dora pitch three, four or five hit
games, but who never get hammered
out of the box either, why, give me
the chaps who are hitting and who
have the confidence. It would be
great thing tor Boston to win me pen
nant, and if we cannot climb in there,
why, my best wisnes to rat Donovan
team."
President Lynch has been closely
obborvlng the work of his umpires. He
Is fairly well satisfied with the way
they are performing, but is anxious to
Improve the staff as much aa he can
Next year he expects to have two or
three new men ot Intelligence and
good Judgment. "In order to get high
class men for tbe position,' said the
league chief, "it Is necessary to make
the work attractive. Intelligent men
will not stand for constant dally abuse
on the field, and I am doing my best
to eliminate the use of bud laguuge by
players. It we can huBh up the rough
fellow it will be easy to get a fine
claws of men to do the umpiring, for
It Is Interesting work. I think we are
making progress along that line.
Every case ot profane or obscene lan
guage used to an umpire calls for a
flue or suspension, and this rule is
being rigorously enforced." Mr. Lynch
J very earnest In his desire to make
BRIGHTEST STARS
V
the game clean and attractive to the
best people, and he Is succeeding in
his Intention.
More than $5,000,000 will be paid out
this year In salaries to baseball play
ers. This does not indue the enor
mous expense of keeping parks in or
der, buying supplies and paying travel
ing expenses. The total expenditure
for the baseball of the two big leagues
during the season thi year will run
ciose io jiu.uuu.ijuu. Haseball is a
paying institution. August Herrmann,
chairman of the National Baseball
commission, predicts that this season
will pay eight per cent, on the money
invested in baseball. "Baseball is the
greatest business in the land." be
says. "It is a progressive business
and is continually growing."
Paul Smith, left fielder ot the Can
ton team of the Illinois-Missouri
league, was purchased the other day
Dy f resident Murphy of the Cubs tor
$500. James Murphy, a brother ot the
president, located the nineteen-year
oia piayer on a scouting trip. Smith
is six feet one inch tall, weighs 190
pounds, and has been batting close to
tne .3Z0 mark. It is his first year in
professional baseball and he will re-
main wnn canton until the Illinois-
Missouri league season closes.
Jack Sheridan has been created the
tutor of the young "arbitrators" of the
American league. Ban Johnson could
not let the veteran get away from him
and made a new Job for the man that
pas been calling balls and strikes in
the league ever since the start ten
years ago.
The baseball fans of St. Paul are
watching and waiting for the blow-un
of that Minneapolis club, and If the
bottom of the Miller sack does not fall
out within the next two weeks there
will be several suicide tricks turned
In the city of the Saints.
Pitcher Walter Manning, who has
been with the New York American
league club since 1908, has been re
leased to Rochester of the Eastern
league. Lawrence McClure, the form
er Amherst college twlrler, has been
turned over to Jersey City.
Lord, who was recently traded by
the Naps to tne Atnietics for Infield
er Rath, is killing the ball for Mack
He made four hit in the first game of
a double-header the other day against
his former teammates just to show
McGuire's poor Judgment.
ah or me w nue stocmnga went
"swimming" the other day shortly aft
er they bad reached Detroit. They
didn't return until supper time. Even
then there wasn't life enough in the
squad to start an argument.
Hilly Sunday Is to be a close neigh
bor of Billy Sullivan near Roseifvg,
Ore. Sunday's fruit orchard wl he
near enough to permit the two vefer
ans to get together for a fanning bee
every once In a while.
Dick Oooley has his rooters pretty
well trained out in Topeka. After the
Topeka team lost twice the other day
the funs took after the umpire and
chased the poor fellow a nillo and a
haif, but Tip O'Neill would not have
bltu ou his staff If he was not a good
runner.
' Frank Navin, president of the De
troit Tigers, wants young men to help
the champions. The recent slump of
the team has caused Navin to send
Jimmy Casey and Mulaihl Klttrlilge
scouting along with Hob Lowe and the
orders are to bring in young players
to take the place of the veterans that
are showing signs of decay.
Fred Tenney may become the base
ball coach at Harvard next year. His
salary will be $3,000 and in his spare
moments. he would be furnUhed with
other remunerative employment. Pretty
soft for the veteran Giant first baseman.
PLAYING FOR SINGLE
RUNS WINS PENNANTS
JOE TINKER OF CHICAGO CUBS
SAYS HIS TEAM WON THREE
CHAMPIONSHIP FLAGS BY GO
ING AFTER SOLITARY
SCORES.
TtT JOE TINKER.
(Copyright, 1!)10, by Jom-pli U. Bow'ea.)
Playing for one run at a time, and
making sure of that one, is the way to
win at baseball. The day of big bat
ting averages la over, nnd the team
that can advance runners steadily and
work together at the bar, and on the
bases, Is the winner. In the first place
the pitching has become so good that
one run counts for twice as much as
it did even ten years tigo and the
first run In a game counts for more
than that.
I think a team wins that has a good
man, especially a good waiter, who
also can hit, leading off. It the first
man up In a game gets to first, is sac
rificed down, and either of the next
two batters can get him home, that
game Is almost won right there. The
other team is handicapped. Is unable
to play as resourceful and mixed np a
game as it could do if ahead, or on
equal terms, while the team that is
leading can take chances and vary the
style of attack, standing a much bet
ter chance of making more runs sim
ply because It can afford to take
chances, while tha other team must
play a desperate defensive game, play
close and take desperate chances to
cut oft runs.
The Cubs have won three pennants
by playing for one run at a time, be
cause their pitchers have always held
the other teams down to low scores,
and I think we have the best team at
making the one run that ever was or
ganized. The way to get that one
run Is to have a resourceful attack,
and to keep outguessing the other
team all the time and never allow the
style of play to become machine-like.
By that I mean to hit the first ball
when the pitcher Is expecting you to
wait, to wait when he expects
you to hit and to wait him out to
the limit it he shows any
signs of unsteadiness. We fre
quently wait out pitchers for three or
four Innings, perhaps without getting
a hit or a base, and then switch
the system and hit the first ball that
comes over. We fight all the time
to get that first man on bases. Then,
It the opening is made, we change the
gamo and try to surprise the other
team. If they are creeping In, expect
ing bunts, we may Bwitch and play hit
and run. It is merely trying to do the
unexpected, and our whole scheme ot
attack is based on getting one run
across. I think we have been so suc
cessful at this because we have a per
fect signaling system. Each batter
has three signals with the three men
ri ' '
Joe Tinker.
ahead of him, and three with the
three who follow him. Ordinarily
Chance permits us to use our own
Judgment as to what to do at bat and
on bases, but if ho gives a signal
from the bench it is carried out. If he
signals bit, the batter hits, it bunt, he
bunts, and It is that working together
and bitting together that haa won for
us.
No matter how good a player may
be, he is worthless to a club until he
learns to forget himself and his bat
ting average and hit for runs. It is
team work and team bitting that wins
games.
O'Rourke to Play One More Game.
Expressing a desire to round out 40
years ot professional baseball playing,
JumeB H. "Orator" O'Rourke ot
Bridgeport (Conn.) league, lawyer,
former owner of the Bridgeport team
and ono ot the oldest, if not the oldest
professional player In the country, will
probably catch one game for New Ha
ven during the present season. When
the Bridgeport man spoke of hla de
sire, Cameron said he would be
pleased to have him play In any game
th veteran mlcht find convenient.
This will make O'Rourke's thirty-
eighth year In baseball He says he
wishes to play one game a year as
long as he Is able to do so.
Sox Can Now "See Kelly."
The National commission bas de
cided that the Chicago American's
claim to A. M. Kelly Is valid and that
the Holyoke club must strike his name
from Its suspended list. The evidence
showed that terms submitted by Kelly
were not accepted by Holyoke. Kelly's
Halm for salary will be considered
later.
rwii-nv In Bad Shaee.
ww' - - j
ni,..io. v fnnrtnev. famous aa the
coach of the Cornell crews, is serious
ly in ulth acute indigestion at nis
...minor home on Cayuga lake. So
i......in n...rrt the reDorts of his con
aim iiiiiie, -
dltion that J. W. Dugan, graduate
manaeer of athletics, and Judge
i. T...I..O nf thfl Cornell Athletic
rruuK
association hastened to hia bedside.
Speaker Hitting Ball Hard.
Speaker's hitting Is winning many
games for those Boston Red Sox. He
is always there In a pinch, and prom
ises to give Lajole and Cobb a hard
run for the premier batting honors of
the American Lear"'
and; ifC
Mi
:louds to predict weather.
forecasts Made by Dr. A. de Quervsln
of Zurich, Are of Utmost Scien
tific Importance.
Cloud weather forecasts made by
Dr. A. de Quervnln of Zurich are of
the utmost scientific and practical Im
portance, His deductions are based
on the familiar cumulus cloud of warm
summer days. When reaching heights
of six or seven miles It becomes a
trundie cloud. The high floating top
assumes the shape ot a fleecy Ice
needle cloud and extends sideways In
anvil shape. The ordinary cumuhts
cloud undergoes similar transforma
tions at a level of three to four miles,
and so does not lead to the forma
tion of thunder storms but merely to
the production of fleecy clouds.
This sort of cloud can be regarded
as a presage of good weather. The
veil shaped hooded clouds have not
been sufficiently explained. Often
they encompass the top of a quickly
rising cumulus cloud, and until re
cently were thought to be lnstrumen
tal in the production of hail. They
are always found to be intimately con
nected with existing fleecy clouds, and
on the other hand presages bad
weather, occurring previous to thun
der storms.
Even such reliable presages of
thunder storms are the remarkably
delicate varieties of fleeey ckeude
which are mostly found floating about
four miles high. On a darker layer
there are superposed delicate white
heads. These lofty curly heads, gen
erally In the morning, safely predict
a thunder storm within twenty-four
hours. By balloon ascents It was
found that the occurrence of these
clouds coincides with a violent drop
In the temperature.
MECHANICAL FAN ON CHAIR
Each Movement of Rocker Serves to
Make Device Revolve by Means
of Gearing.
There are several kinds of chair
fans, but almost if not quite all of
them are of the sort that waves
palm-leaf fan over tbe head. An Ohio
man has Invented a revolving fan for
connection with a rocking chair that
seems to be an Improvement on all
of them. , This revolving fan is held
over the head of the person sitting in
the chair by means of a curved metal
support Running down the back of
the chair is a driving shaft which
connects with a speed gearing under
the seat There are two gearings, a
winding shaft and clutch and a ratch
et, the last named operated by rock
arms pivoted in one of the rockers of
the chair. As the chair rocks forward
the ratchet is moved one way and
turns the gearing, which in turn oper
ates the driving shaft and makes the
fan revolve. When the chair rocks
backward the ratchet la turned In the
opposite direction and the whole
Mechanical Chair Fan.
aovement is reversed. Thus a steady
current of air is kept up as long as
the chair is moving.
Air and Mental Activity.
It Is a matter of common observa
tion how a turn in fresh air often has
the effect of stimulating the activity
of the mind as well as of the body.
Yet, -Sllen II. Richards at the recent
meeting of the American Chemical as
sociation, said there are few parts of
the borderland of science less known
than that which pertains to the air
we breathe. The proper ventilation of
rooms preserves a still unsolved prob
lem, not theoretically, but practically.
What is "fresh air" for one is a
"draft" for another, and the problem
Is to reconcile both. Heat and hu
midity are the most dangerous prod
ucts of still life, and the mixing In
of fresh air is a prime necessity. For
this purpose of a window opened an
Inch at the top is more effective than
one raised a foot at the bottom.
Device for Sterilizing Water.
An apparatus for sterilizing water
aas recently been put on the market
In France, In which ozone Is used to
destroy the bacteria. The ozone Is
generated by means of electrical dis
charges, and the gas Is Introduced Into
the water by means of an aspirator.
Tho ozone la led into a mixing tube
screwed to the water faucet, and the
water Is forced by a small pump
through several compartments, so that
It is divided into a number of fine
Jets. In this way an intimate mixture
of the gas and water is obtained. The
device Is so arranged that the ozone
Is generated only when tbe faucet Is
opened.
Inflate Automobile Tires.
To inflate automobile tires with a
minimum of effort there bas been
brought out a tank to be carried on a
car to receive a portion of the ex
ploded gases from the engine, which
thus fre compressed and may be
turned into the tire through a flexible
Jube.
I
NEUMATIC HEEL FOR SHOES
Expression "Walking on Air," Hither
to Used Metaphorically, Now
Has Real Meaning.
The expression "walking on air,"
hitherto used metaphorically, has now
a real meaning. A New York man
has Invented a pneumatic heel for
shoes by means of which the wearer
of the shoos will actually walk on air.
The leather heel of the shoe bas a
circular opening Into which fits a con
ical metal body open at tbe bottom,
thus leaving an air space around the
apex of the cone. Across the bottom
of the cone is an elastic rubber heel,
piece, and on this Is a leather tread-
Pneumatic Heel. !
piece, thus leaving an air space Inside
the cone. These two pneumatic cham
bers act as cushions and give a resil
iency to the step.
IMPROVED BEEF-JUICE PRESS
French Inventor Arranges Device for
Securing One of Best Foods
for Invalids.
One of the best foods for invalids
is the juice of rare beef, which is cut
into fragments and pressed out by
means of a small hand press. An in
ventor in France has recently devised
a very simple press for this purpose,
which allows of expressing the Juice
of a large amount of beef at a time.
The press Is similar to the ordinary
type, being formed of a suitable recep
tacle with a plunger, which is forced
down by a hand screw. Instead of
Improved Beef-Juice Press.
operating the plunger for each piece
ot beef, the device is arranged to take
a number of layers of beef, which are
separated by disks of corrugated and
perforated metal, aa shown in the
crocs sectional view, says Sclentlflo
American. The press Is provided with
a spout at one side, through which the
Juice is drained out into a cup or
bowl. After the plunger has been
forced down the press may be hung
up on a nail, allowing the beef juice
to drain out thoroughly.
SCIENTIFIC NOTES.
The surface of the earth is said to
be 196,971,984 square miles.
It is said by anatomists that people
hear better with their mouths open.
The average hen will lay 400 eggs,
nearly one-half of them in her third
year.
A watch ticks 1S7.680.000 times in a
year, and the wheels travel 3,558
miles.
Almost any flower can be bleached
white by exposure to the fumes of
sulphur.
It takes 7,000 tons of coal to bring
one of the modern liners across the
Atlantic.
Lavender and rose perfumes are
credited with the virtue ot being ml-'
crobe killers.
Thirty-eight of every 1,000 English-,
men marry after they are more than
60 years old.
The earliest coinage that can be.
called American was struck off in
Massachusetts in 1652.
Ten ships, each a century or more
old, are still in active service in the
Danish mercantile marine.
There are about 3,000 weddings ev
ery twenty-four hours, taking the et?
tire world ifTto consld ration.
Experiments with the ultra-violent
light appear to show that It Is more
effective for sterilizing liquids than
ozone.
Paris haa thirty-two miles of under
ground railways and the construction
of twenty-three more miles haa been,
authorized.
Tbe amount of carbon exhaled fromi
a man's lungs each day, if it could b
solidified, would equal that in a lump
of coal weighing half a ton.
Up to 1789 the chief water works ot
New York City was In Chatham street,
uo'v Park row. The water was carted
about the city in casks and sold from
carts.
High atmospheric pressure in the
case of persons not doing manual la
bor has been found to act as a mental
stimulus, increasing the Impulse to
talk.
Prof. Lowell announces that he has
discovered a new canal 1,000 miles in
length on Mars. The canal developed
between May and September of last
year.
It was so cold in New York part of
the winter of 1779 that residents In
the vicinity were compelled to cut
down the tall trees that stood at what
is now the head of Wail street to
make kindling wood.
A French scientist has Invented an
apparatus for sterilizing water, which
passes in it in spiral tubes around a
long mercury vapor lamp, to utilize
the bacteriological properties of th
violet and ultra violet rays.
Scotland's Bank.
Scotland bas a system of eight banks
I with 12,000 branches. t .

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