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A (OFltllhPFF-Q fir ffllfllllkc1 fit Vt IfMl W"" -SV vt V. i - yp sjvi?r5iSP7 wrtm Qi, r&Vi "wJr 'AU " B ' 'fr, V sv jiwa rr' a .,' v.:h!;, n;'' V r cj' EXT to a Koodly supply of turkoys tho most impor tant rcqtilstto for a suc cessful Thaiiksglvlng Is a plentiful measure of cran berries of just the proper tart flavor. As well have a Thanksgiving dinner without turkey as without the appetizing cranberry sauce. However ill people of the United States have scant cause to worry be cause of this feature of their holiday menu. It has been years since a failure of the cranberry crop was eported and cranberry growers have been so Increasing their productive areas that despite the increase in demand, due to the country's Increase In population and other influences, here continues to be year by year a pretty lavish supply of the crimson berries, and most Beasons find them available at very reason able prices. Cranberries, like so many of the other good things of life, are distinctively American deli cacies. To be sure, cranberries grow wild in gome other quarters of the globe for instance In Europe, but it is only in the United States Rat they have been cultivated as an article of Food. Even here tho growing of cranberries Is confined largely to three states Massachu setts, New Jersey and Wisconsin. How impor tant an industry it Is may be surmised, however. rf J. ilx from the fact that the Cape Cod district in Mas sachusetts, the greatest cranberry region on the globe, sends to market as many as one-third of a million barrels of cran berries in a single season. The average person is wont to term all berry areas "patches," but cran berries do not grow in patches but in bogs and, as may be sur mised from the name, most of these tracts are located adjacent to rivers or lakes or ponds, bo that they can be flooded in the late au tumn and kept under water until spring. The berries grow on a vino which nestles close to the ground in a perfect tangle, and save for keeping out the weeds and battling with tho insect peBts, which are numerous, the cranber ries do not require very much cultivation or attention until harvest time approaches in the autumn. Then the cranberry grower must look forward to a period of anxiety, a careful, Ber lou8 scrutiny of the weather. He must keep close watch on the weather, for if a frost comes ere the crop is harvested it will work sad havoc unless the grower has been fore warned and flooded his bog or built great bon fires to keep up the temperature. ' In years gone by the harvesting of cranber- ) f V , r ml, much as raspberries or strawberries are picked, and most of the cranberry picking was done by women nnil chil dren. Tho "Cranberry King" used to hire ns many as 1,100 pickers on his great bogs on Cape Cod and tho pick ers, many of whom jour neyed long distances, "camped out" on the bogs during the plrking season. The past few years, however, has witnessed a revolution. Now almost all cranberries aro picked by the aid of machines, and because it is tiresome work manipulating these machines it has come about that most of the women and children have been forced out of the industry and tho task is largely in the hands of men, the moro skillful of whom receive from $.1 to $5 per day. The picking machine most extensively used has the appearance of a huge wooden scoop, the bottom of which Is mado up of a row of metal bars, tipped with sharp prongs and set close together. In operation this scoop Is shoved with some considerable force Into the tangle of cranberry vines and then is drawn up ward and backward with the result that the vines which have been caught slip between the metal bars but leave the berrios, which are too large to pass through the openings, as do tho vines, and in consequence are stripped from rles was done solely by tho hand picking ineth their stems nnd remain In the scoop, whence they are transferred to tli,. tray which each pick er has close at hand. An expert picker with a machine will do the work of from half a dozen to a dozen hand pickers. The cranberries as picked on the bogs are placed In huge wooden boxes and transferred to a nenrby frame building, where they aro passed through a mnchlne known as a "separa tor," which takes out nil the leaves, twins and other foreign matter. Then they aro sorted for the elimination of any bad or worm-eaten ber ries and finally are placed In barrels, which nn hauled away to railroad yards to be loaded into cars to tho tune of from 220 to 240 barrels to tho car, refrigerator cars being used exclu slvely. Up to the present time cranberries have been sold In bulk, but this year sees an Innova tion In the appearance of evaporated cranberries, for which are claimed all the advantages of evap orated peaches or apples, and In the introduction of cranberries put up in pasteboard cartons. Hearing cranberry bogs of the most desir able kind cost from $GO0 to $1,200 per acre, but In a bumper year a grower may get his money back the first year, and during the worst year the industry has known In a decade most oi the growers made from 10 to 15 per cent, on their Investment, nnd that, too. In spite of the fact that cranberries wero so plentiful that they brought only $2 a barrel, whereas $5 to $7 a bar rel is accounted an average price, and there have been years when a famine of cranberries sent tho price up to $10 per barrel. (9 rpfp gf(imSP I L Ll J L- v'gr'W-a. ffij ,.je pre ... T-i;- - HE autumn of 1621 waned on a prosperous community. Plymouth, Mass., was both healthy and wealthy. Sickness, though It had destroyed one-half the company of pilgrims, had ceased, and the crops, as a whole, had been good, the peas alone failing. All the houses in j(he settlement had been put into con dition and a goodly stock of furs and prepared lumber had been made ready tor export to England by the next ship. The waters swarmed with fish and sea fowl were abundant. The call of tho wild turkey was heard in the woods and the patter of the fleeting deer was nothing strange. The summer was past; the harvest ended. The pilgrims decided upon a period of recreation. The governor 6ent out four huntsmen, who in one day secured game to last the colony a week. Hospitality was extended to Massasolt, of the neighboring settle jnent, who brought 'JO people with him. The guests remained "0 days. The company engaged In rounds of amusements, in which military drills nnd religious services formed a part. Thus, heartily and loyally, was inau gurated the great New England festi val of Thanksgiving. For two centu ries it ljas continued to be observed, at first 'mostly In the eastern states, but it has now become national, its animal return finding a welcome from boundary to boundary, both at top and bottom and either extremity of thc nation. Thanksgiving day Is peculiarly an American custom, though there are Kiine writers who claim that it Is not possible to determine the elate of the first observance. Jolin A. Coodwin, in his historical review, "The l'ilurini Republic." is positive, however, that th fir;t celebration occurred in the ! fall or lflCl. this being followed in 1;23 bv the fir.-1 Thanksgiving proclama tion. Ijv tli governor of Massachu setts. In K,",0 there arrived at Plym outh II vessels, bringing with them smi colonists, making the number lie-irly 1,2i'o instead of a mere "IK). On Ju! x, ' l; : another Thanksgiving w.-ts held in acknowledgment for ihis jieci ssion t i i hp ranks of ih" colon-i:-i; The l".:!ch governors of the New Netherlands also appointed different dates for public thanksgiving, from time to time, and in some historical works there Is record of a dispute as to which of these colonies deserved the credit for having first inaugurated the day. Most of the best founded historians, however, give the credit to the New England states. The Dutch governors of New Neth erlands appointed occasional days of thanksgiving In 104 1. 1CI5, 1055 and l(!f4, and tho English governors fol lowed their example in 17").") and 1700, and the Protestant Episcopal church In the United States In its prayer book, ratified in 17SU, recommends for Thanksgiving day the first Thursday ia Xoveml). v, unless some other day he appointed by the civil authorities. There w ere also occasional recommen dations by other religious bodies, but no regular annual recommendation by the governor f ,.w York before 1817. The struggle of the colonies for In dependence marks the beginning of general observances of days of thanks giving in this country. The congress of 1777. the one which prepared tho articles of confederation for adoption by tho colonies, adopted a resolution sitting apart the eighteenth day of December, 1777. to be observed as a day of solemn thanksgiving and praise throughout the United States. Washington, during his administra tion, issued two thanksgiving ;irocla mutions, one In 17S9 and the other In 179."), Just after tho suppression of the "Whisky rebellion," which had threatened the peace of the countiy, and Pres.i.b nl Madison Issued one upon tho declaration of peace In 1SI.". However, in the arly years of the nation the rule was for the co lonial custom tu be followed and the proclamation made emanated from the governors. The western stateH, largely people from New England or New York, early followed the lead of these portions of the country. As we have seen, (ho annual recommenda tion by the governors of New York began in 1817. From that time the observance gradually crept southward and westward, and In 1885 Governor Johnson of Virginia adopted it, and though in 1857 Governor Wise of Vir ginia declined to make tho proclama tion on the ground that he was unau thorized to Interfere in religious mat ters, in 1858 a Thanksgiving day was proclaimed In eight of the southern states. The dny had thus naturally gt to be a national Institution of al: universal observance, when the war brought to midden rlpeneBB along with many other tendencies President Lincoln put upon It tho of his official proclamation. P dent Lincoln's first proclamation in 1802, on account of the first in taut victory of the national arms, issued a similar recommcndatloi lso.r Decorative Conceits and Favors For the Thanksgiving Festivities The pious, hard-driven, worn-out, but thankful puritans who sat down at their tables one November, a few cen turies ago, and mado tho llrst Thanks giving Day, never knew to what lengths they wero to drive tho In genuity of their poor descendants. Hut it wasn't their fault after all, that the preparer of tho Thanksgiving feast today has to attend Just as much to the turkey's surroundings as to the turkey itself. It was good enough for thorn to have a well-stocked larder from which could come the turkey, the celery, the pumpkin pie, the cranber ries and all the other goodies which history puts down to their credit. Even the comparatively recent New Englanders were content with all these as long as they looked tempting and tasted good. Hut today, even the important fowl itself Is hardly mora important than the ribbons, the can dles, the favors, the adornments of all kinds, which must appear on the Thanksgiving table. "Don't bother about having too much to eat," an up-to-date daughter was heard to say to her New England mother tho other day. "I want plenty of room for the ribbons and the candy boxes." It's tho same way with other daugh ters of nn esthetic turn of mind, rath er than a practical one, and it looks as if their ambitions to "make things look pretty" may be realized this year, for there Is a goodly array of Thanks giving favors and table decorations of all kinds. Of course tlio turkey reigns su preme, even if it is in paper, and is seen in all sl.es, all kinds, roasted to a beautiful dark brown as the cook Look says, or standing Important and majestic with its big fan-shaped feath er tall high in the air. In most cases the favor turkey Is meant for candy, biit certain new china turkeys are mustard cups. '1 he pumpkin 1.4 next In Importance and is seen In many of the noveltiis. There aro large paper pumpkins for centerpieces and all sorts of small ones In papier macbe or tissue p which are candy boxes. Fruits vegetables of all kinds seem tc suggestivo of tho season of feas and many good imitations are f( among the candy box collectl Gobllncsque littlo men are madi paper fruits nnd fixed up to hai very grotesque appoarance, and fi little figures are made of peanuts, mounted on cards. Nuts are tie in ribbons and are found to be p packages for the receiver, for in t aro neatly packed little stick- whistles, etc., all carefully conce within the paper shells. The place cards allow of a g many new designs, and an espec: new feature among these Is b small mirrors. The chrysanther Is the leading flower among the pi bowers, and thoHe In yellow or or: seem to bo the most desired sha Other Imitations which are espec: "llfo-liko" are the painted piece of pumpkin pie, the tin of Doston hi beans, the plum pudding and the of corn. LENT INSPIRATION. "I am gratified," said tho first pi inent citizen, "to observe the ur current of Joy in the Tbanksgl proclamation of the governor. I erto the proclamations have been a the old cut and dried, stilted fo but In this Instance there is a cei tone of joyousness.of thankfulnesi pure gratefulness that Is really spiring." "Yes," agrees the second promt citizen, "but it's no wonder the gov or felt good when be wrote that I lamalloti." "No. He has started on w hat sc destined to be a good admiulstra already there is talk of promo I) I in to some higher oflice in tho of the pen " "And besides," Interrupts the soi man, "the governor owns one of largest turkey (arms in the state. in Year 1795 Thanksgiving Nowadays the Tlia;ikFf,iving proclu V; malum of tin? stale and national cx eeuiives am I rief compared to what tiiey were in the early days of our republic. In the ease of the latter he de-n't foreshadow J.is forthcoming unini.il tin s.;age as was somewhat the vogue in President Washington's time. This is seen in the Thanksgiving proclamations issued by our great and food tlrst president In the early part nl 'tie year 17'.5, in which he appoint ed Feb. P.) as "a day of public thanks giving and prayer." The "Father of 1113 Country" was then 0 years of ago and was serving bis sixth year as president. It was a long document and covered qulto a number of points. Of these, I will advert very briefly to only three or four which are peculiar ly significant. In the preamble he mentions, aa the first subject, "demanding the public attention on this Koh inu occasion, our ixemjition from a foreign war" and next proposes, as "an object of grati tude" tho "increasing prospc-t of the continuance of our exemptions from a foreign war." Which propositions evi dently relate to tho settlement, through special envoy, John Jay, of our serious troubles with Great lirit ain, growing out of tho continued oc cupation by tho Hritlsh of the western forts on Iako Erie, contrary to the treaty of 1783; and the seizure of American veBieU bound for French ports by Hritish shins and tho Impris onment of Amerh'un seamen. Another auso for thanksgiving, ac cording to the anion high authority, is "thij great di greo of Internal tran quillity we have enjoyed." To whic h Is added "our cause for thankiulness for tho recent confirmation of that tranquillity by tho suppression of an insurrection which so wantonly threat ened It." And in another placo the president repeats this Idea, asking bis people "to render a tribute of praise and fcrat- Clvll this ;, and seal ipor He n In ana be of 'o a nny and up ilns, ge the ked ear n, of 1n- ern- icuis tlon, 'Mug gift :ond the itude to tho Great Disposer of all events, for tho seasonable control which has been given in u spirit of disorder in the suppression of the lato insurrection." What tho president bail in mind In this allusion was the "great whisky Insurrection" In Pemi. (-jlvanla In I7:i1, caused by tho pas sage by congress of acts Imposing du ties upon spirits distilled and upon stillh. It was finally suppressed by Governor I.ee of Maryland, with 15,000 troops, acting under orders , of the president. Tho problem 1m not bow much land you have, but bow well you cultivate It. Mako the bay land produce nlno tons per acre, and four or (lvo acres of hay will bo enough. Make tho corn land produce 200 bushels per acre, nnd cut down the area to one-fourth. Do the sajne with tho other crops, and you will soon find that you have much moro land than you can possibly cul tivate. The farmer raises cattlo nnd hogs Mth a view of rapid development of fat, but the horse Is used for mechan ical power nnd should develop great bono and muscle. Muscular develop ment cannot bo attained In close con finement and the young animal should not be tied in a stall nnd fed corn and timothy bay to fatten him for tho shambles. Unless there is an experienced and successful corn breeder In tho vicinity who makes a specialty of growing flrst class seed corn, every farmer had bet ted make his own selection from his own field or from the best . fields of neighboring farms. No kind of live stock can thrive and do well in 111 lighted, poorly-aired buildings. One of tho first require ments In a stable Is that It should be well provided with windows, and have means for letting fresh air in and foul air out. The introduction of tho English sparrow by Its driving away the little native birds has been responsible for more damage by insects and weed pests than all other causes combined, Including cats, and boys with guns. It tho hens aro protected against tho cold winds while they are enjoying the sunshine of the yards, they will surely lay more eggs than Jf not thus shield ed, whilo tho reduced feed bill will compensato for the expense Incurred. Paint the staves on all sides before erecting the silo, rather than to paint tho exterior later on, slnco paint put on the outside afterward holds water in the cracks and causes the Btaves to decay more rapidly. If tho cows are stabled at night, much fertilizer Is saved that would otherwise be dropped In the pasture and disintegrated by wind, rain and sun lose its strength and be lost. Nine tons is a large yield of hay from a single acre, and few would ex pect this yield from Bermuda grass, yet Buch is the case, or at least from an acre of vetch and Bermuda. The largest beet sugar factory In the United States Is at Spreckles, Cali fornia, which has a capacity of slicing 3.000 tons of beeU per day, equal to 100 carloads of 20 tons each. The women folks oa the farm should assert their rights and have the mod ern and neceBBary equipments in the dairy, and thus produce, with less la bor, a good article of butter. If there Is any doubt whether land needs lime or not, test it. One meth od is to grow common garden beets. This plant makes a very poor growth on soil which needs lime. Fashionable folks are taking up horses again, the automobilo having becomo too common for them. And farmers are buying automobiles to save their horses. Tho dairy cow, if able to express herself in a way which the human family would comprehend, might well lay claim to being man's best friend. For home use, tho garden, the arbor, the boundary fence and even the veranda are the locations generally available for tho growth of the grape. The succulent grasses are rich In musclo and boue-fornilng materials and aro loosening and cooling to the system. Probably no one Ohfng enters more Into commercial fruit growing than proper packing. No other branch of farming pays as well as a good orchard, if well taken care of. Once settled indoors, tho house plants must be sure of regular atten tion if they are to be a success. Horse manure is much better to be mixed with other manure and worked ver by swine. A useful and ornamental plant Is parsley. It may easily be kept for use all wiutir. Tho ewes Intended for breeding purposes should bo sorted aa early as possible and put upon good pas ture. Ewes for breedlnij purposes should not be overly fat, but In a utrong, vig orous, thrifty condition. A hog can bo starved to eat almost anything, but seldom does well on b polled fcec Cabbage growers should insure fu ture crops against club root. Mnrcrh land Is usually rich, and aVfl It needs to make It productive Is drainage. The fall of the year Is the best Mme to drain before the winter rains set In. If the ground is not too soft for the horses, one or more fur rows may be run out with the two hofse plow. Hook three horsos to the plow. An extra man should fol low with Sharp ax to cut the roots. Tho ditch may be deepened by the use of the lifting subsoil plow. To do good work a heavy match team In the hands of a capable plowman Is neces sary. After land Is drained, turn the sod over with the three-horse plow. It Is now time to bo thinking seri ously of winter protection for small fruits. For strawberries, the usual covering of straw Is good. In mild locations a layer of straw not less than four inches thick should be ap plied. In more severe locations this would be Increased to si.. iM'hos, and In the prairie sections It Josirafjie to use eight Inches of 6traw, or er" more. Tho prevailing fence of today la the woven wire variety. No better fence was ever devised, provided It l put up well, and no other fence la so poor, ugly and inefficient If it is erect ed in a slipshod manner. Pick tho fruit, empty It onto the sort ing tables and pack it right In the or chard. If this method Is practised much labor is saved, for the whole work is completed as soon as the fruit la gathered from the trees. It has been conclusively proven that hens kept in a yard and fed right will lay more eggs than bens that run at large all over creation. Tho feed bill will not be so largo either, a fact that Is worth considering. If swino are kept penned and are given absorbents enough to keep them fairly clean and dry. they will nearly earn their keep in the amount of fer tilizer they will make, and It Is the best of Its kind. Apples will not be over-produced un til every man, woman and child in the land has all the apples he or she can use, and gets them at a moderate price. If not done, plant, your gooseber ries and currants this fall. Grape I vine should be laid down and ooveree with straw. Even the old Concord cannot stand our strenuous winters. Start the trap nests so It can be known which are the best winter lay ers. Almost any old hen will lay in spring and summer; It tabes a good ben to lay in late fall and winter. Not all regions and all soils are suit able for growing a good quality of onions, and only recently have onion growers found out that peaty, swamp I lands made the best onion ground. Nitrate of soda will force tho growth, of melons, tomatoes and other plants. A tablespoonful scattered about each tomato plant and slightly raked In will produce good results. There is a great region of oountry where the blackberry may be called the poor man's fruit. This Is true be cause of the ease and certainty with, which it is produced. Every foal at weaning age has oet the breeder considerable money, and the preservation and development of the foal has much to do with the prof Its of the farm. In marketing onions the first essen tial is to properly grade and clean tha bulbs, in order that they may present an attractive appearance when offered for sale. Insignificant matters often do not at tract attention, yet a little crack in the poultry bouse, if near where the fowls roost, wll cause suffering sooner or la ter. The sow that has proven herself extra valuable as a breeder and a mother should be one of the most prized animals on the farm. In mending a steep place In the roadside, briers, brush and all fenca row mowings make good material to lay down to place the dirt upon. In erecting a woven wire fence one if the essential things to be consider ed is that of strong und well support ed corner or end posts. The great value of lime in the soil la Its power to correct soil acidity, or sourness, and to improve its texture or physical condition. Well bred heifer calves ma of tea be purchased cheaply of people who llvo In town and keep but one oow for family use. The market for small fruits to great er than ever, because the fruit Is now bought up by the canning and preserv ing houses. To make a success of dairying yoa can't know too much about your cows. No two cows are just alike. The products of the dairy are per haps the most useful articles includ ed in the human diet. Fall rains are searching. If there Is any doubt about the roofs get at them now. Location has much to do with the profitablo disposal of second-class ap ples. If there were no birds man could not live on the earth, and birds aro decreasing in this country. The advice to rake up the fallen leaves and use for a mulch in tho garden Is often given. The spring is the time whon aspara gus roots are usually set, though tha work may be done in the fall. Tho Minnesota station heartily rec ommeud fall plowing of the land for corn.