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The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922, February 20, 1903, Image 2

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T. J. O'Kecfe, Publisher.
James Glatshcr, tho mctcrologtst and
aeronaut, Ib dead.
Tho Austrian and Russian embas
sies will present to tho portc tho plan
of tho proposed reforms In Macedonia.
Tho scnato commlttco on Judiciary
decided to hold special meetings for
tho consideration of tho trust ques
tion. Tho report of tho scnato commlttco
nt Havana in favor of tho ratification
of Uio reciprocity treaty has been or
dered to bo printed.
Tho Montana house killed tho wo
man suffrago bill by a volo of 41 to
24. This effectually disposes of tho
mcasuro at this session.
It Ib persistently asserted that Aus
tria is preparing a partial mobilization
cf her military forces in view of pob
eiblo events in tho Balkans.
Samuel W. Glenn, tho veteran nctor,
died at Baltimore, aged 75. In his
early days Mr. Glonn was famous as
an actor of German characters.
Tho French government had not re
ceived any. information regarding tho
tidal wavo disaster in tho Society is
lands beyond tho prcBS reports.
Tho Illinois stato senate, by a voto
of 43 to 1, adopted a Joint resolution
in favor of electing United States sen
ators by direct voto of tho people.
Tho report that Speaker Henderson
would enter tho law firm of Simpson,
Thatcher, Barnum & Bartlott of Now
York City was denied by Uio firm. ,
J. K. Davidson & Co.'s elevator "A,"
at Parsons, Kan., tho largest elevator
in that part of tho state, was destroy
cd by lire. Loss, $80,000; insurance,
Leo G. Berliner, a New York muslo
publisher, was found dead on a Penn;
uylvanla railroad train on route from
Now York to Philadelphia. Berliner
died from heart failure.
In tho executive session of the son
ate a memorial was read from tho leg
islature of tho stato of Washington
protesting against tho ratification of
tho Alaska boundary treaty.
At Now York John L. Sullivan, for
mer heavyweight champion prize fight
er, was discharged in bankruptcy. Sul
livan filed a petition to bo adjudged a
bankrupt November 28 last, placing His
liabilities at 52,(558, all unsecured, and
his assets at $60 in clothing.
A verdict for $20,000 damages was
returned by a Jury in Judgo Hanecy's
court at Chicago in favor of Miss
Nolllo Scully of Austin, who brought
suit against Uio Lake Street Elevated
Railroad company. Tho plaintiff charg
cu that she was permanently injured
in a collision.
Postmaster General Pay no has or
dered a modification of tho postal laws
and regulations regarding Uio uso of
the mail sackB of tho government by
Ecnators, representatives and others.
Tho postal authorities havo discovered
that largo numbers of tho sacks have
been kept for a long period.
Tho president has signed tho bill
appropriating $1,500,000 for tho con
struction of a now building for tho de
partment of agrlculturo In Washing
ton. Plans for tho new structuro will
be dravn at once. Tho building will
bo erected on tho plaza dlrecUy In
front of the present building.
Ono hundrod thousand souvenirs
for distribution to contributors to tho
McKInley memorial fund havo been
received at Canton, O., from Now
ork and will bo sent out to postmas
ters. Copies will bo sent individual
contributors as soon us an additional
consignment Is received from tho print
ers. Bishop Hare, Episcopal bishop of tho
Dakotas, preached at the Church of tho
Incarnation, New York, on tho work
among tho Indians in his JurisdicUon.
Bishop Hare traced the history of tho
Niobrara league from its inception,
thirty years ago. Tho missionary
wdrk has been successful, ho said, and
at tho present time, there are eighty
five congregaUons with both native
and whlto priests,
Information has been received to the
effect that James Smithson, Uio foun
der of tho Smithsonian Institution, is
about to bo removed from his grave
in Genoa, Italy, to mako room for a
quarry. A movement has been started
to have tho United States government
bring his body to this country and give
him a permanent resting place In tho
grounds of tho insUtutlon which he
Capital punlfihment for murder may
he abolished in Missouri. A commit
tee of tho houso decided to recom
mend a bill making the penalty for
murder in tho first degree a peniten
tiary offense, at tho discretion of the
Tho house committee on ways and
meaiiB favorably reported tho bill pro
viding that all registered breeding an
imals bo admitted duty free whother
they are to bo retained as the property
or Uio Importer or are brought la to
be sold.
A Synopsis of Proceedings in Both Branches
of tho Twenty-Eighth General
After a week's adjournment, the sen
nto reconvened on the 9th. Chnlrmnr
Brown of tho reevnuo committee re
ported that tho bill was not ready, and
asekd for more time. Ho stated that
tho hill would probably bo ready by tho
middle of the week, Chalrmnn Warner
of tho commlttco appointed to Investl
Bnto tho chnrgo of telephone companies
requested live days mora time, and that
the committee bo authorized to sum
mon witnesses and compel companies to
produce books. Tho requests wero
gsnntcd. Hull of Douglas reported the
time of meeting of tho various commit
tees, and this was ordered printed and
distributed. At tho afternoon session
tho following bills wero passed: S. T.
14, authorizing county boards to appro
priate money for agricultural societies.
8. F. 81, compelling those In charge of
portablo engines to lay boards on cul
verts before crossing with engine. 8.
1'. 117, to momornlzo congress to opposo
tho Dietrich land-leasing measure. Tho
bill was amended that fences around tho
public lands como down by July 1, 190-1.
II. II. CO, appropriating $18,000 to pay cx
pciislon of legislature. Amended to read
$28,000. Tho committee of tho whole with
O'Neill of Lancaster In tho chair ,ro
portcd favorably on S. F. 53, relating
to tho raising of money by cities of
5,000 Inhabitants for tho purpose of
wnter works. Hills wero Introduced:
Act providing for a commission to rovlso
tho statutes and Code of Civil Proced
ure of tho state of Nebraska and to
prepare tho same for tho consideration
of the legislature of 1905. To amend sub
divisions 3 and 4 of section CD of article
i, chapter xlv, of tho Compiled Statutes,
ortltlcd "Cities of the second class and
villages," and to repeal said original
subdivisions. Streets to bo graded by
two-thirds voto of council; three-fourths
voto to construct sidewalks or curbing.
Granting to persons, associations nnd
corporations engaged In tho generating
and transmitting of cleetrlo current for
power and other purposes tho right of
way In, along and across tho public
highways of tho state of Nebraska, and
prescribing a penalty for tho wilful and
malicious Injury to or Interference with
tho poles or wires of such persons, as
sociations or corporations. Joint reso
lution making application to tho con
gress of tho United States to propose
an amendment of thu constitution of tho
United States, providing for the election
of United States senators by direct voto
of tho people.
Senate file K, allowing cities of 5,000 In
habitants authority to levy an Increased
rato for establishment of water works,
was pussed on the 10th. Tho senate went
Into commlttco of tho whole, to consider
bills on general file. Tho committee made
tho following report: Senate fllo 64
changes lowest rate of Interest on county
deposits to 2 per cent. Heport that It bo
considered In conjunction with senate file
JO. Senate file 77. relating to organization
of counties not under township organiza
tion: recommended for passngo. Senato
fllo 3S, relating to guardians and wards,
that It bo passed. Scnato file 13, providing
for county commissions .to contract for
bridges, was taken up. A substitute was
offered by the committee. Muny amend
ments wero offered nnd the bill, with the
amendments was ordered engrossed. S.
F. 82, nn act to Increase the powers of
the Food commission, brought forth con
siderable debate. Hasty of Furnas mndo
a big fight on tho bill find said the Food
commission didn't amount to anything,
anyhow. In his category of boards that
wero not doing their duties or doing any
good for tho state, tho senator said "most
of the commissioners and the state oil
Inspector." O'Neill, Wall and others,
were In favor of the bill. It went over to
Thursday. Tho substitution for S. F. 13,
providing for the letting of contracts by
county commissioners, was the occasion
of much talk. The debate occupied al
most tho cntlro session nnd enough
amendments wero offered to mnkc tho
bill unrecognizable. A number of now
bills wero Introduced.
Most of the day In tho senato on tho
11th was taken up ns a committee of
tho wholo In discussing tho bulk law;
providing that no retnll merchant should
bo allowed to sell his stock, entire or
In part, outsldo of tho regular trado
routine, without first having notified
lilh creditors and filing a Hut of credit
ors with the county clerk. Tho bill was
amended nnd discussed so much that It
was Anally tent back to tho committee,
which wns Instructed to patch on tho
amendments nnd again bring It forth.
8. F. 114, calling for it convention to
amend tho constitution, ufter a lengthy
dls-cusslon, was recommended for pus
sage by tho committee of tho wholo.
Sheldon of Cass Introduced a resolution
authorizing tho Judiciary committee to
get up a bill making such chnnges In
the ballot law regarding constitutional
amendments as may be deemed neces
sary and submit tho samo on or beforo
February IS. 1903. Bills on first reading
Included: Fixing fees for county clerks
for Issuing Instruments. To provide for
the snlo by railroad compunles of un
claimed goods. Authorltzng mutual lire
Insurance companies to do business uot
slde of tho state. To extend the bound
aries of all cities, villages, school dis
tricts and other municipal Incorporations
bordering upon no Igablo streams which
constitute stato boundaries. To define
the crime of desertion of minor child or
children. Ufo or husubud or home, by
father, mother, putative father, husband
or wife, and to provide punishment
After being In feoselon an hour on the
12th the senato adjourned for the day.
This was done In order to givo the com
rr.lt Wes time to get up n largo general
file. Standing committees reported as fol
lows: S. F. M, providing for tho payment
of certain fines Into the school fund, In
definitely postponed; 8. V. 9, providing for
a board of pardons, recommended for pas
sage; 8. F. S3, to prevent the mutilation
of horses, recommended for passage; 8.
F GO, relating to marks nnd brands, rec
ommended for passage; 8. F. 139, for Is
suance of bonds for Irrigation purposes,
recommended for passage; 8. F. 138, In
regard to water rights, recommended for
passage; 8. F. 137, water rights, Irriga
tion, recommended for passage; 8. F. 131,
relating to tho destruction of wild ani
mals, favorable; II. II. 10, substituted for
B. F. 23, providing for the division of
counties Into districts; 8. F. C4, relating
to county treasurer's deposits, Indefinitely
postponed; 8, F. 114, providing for tho
calling of it constitutional convention,
wns passed, mils on first reading were:
Ptovldlng for general revision of elec
tion law: 'Providing for the appointment
of n union soldier having served threo
years it member of Board of Soldiers' and
Sailors', to servo three years, and tho ap
pointment of one member annually there
after. Tho senate on the 13th went Into com
mlteo of tho wholo to consider hills on
general fllo, with Howell of Douglns In
tho chair. S. F. 12C, nn act to provide for
tho state superintendents making a unl
Iform courso of study foe district schools,
was ordered engrossed after It had been
amended so that no chnngo bo made In
text books. S. F. 9, provdlng for tho ap
pointment of a board of pardons to con
sist of threo members, ono of whom shall
bo n practical attorney. After somo dis
cussion tho bill wus allowed to retain Its
placo on tho general fllo and no action
was taken. 8. F. 131, to repeal act pro
viding for bounty paid for killing wild
animals. O'Neill wanted to amend by at
taching tho cmcregncy clause. Tho fol
lowing bills wero placed on genernl file:
To provldo for school districts In metro
politan cities pnylng for cost of bond for
treasurer. Providing for making live-year
contract for purchaso of text books by
school districts. Ilclattng to qualifications
of teachers. Ilelatlng to notice of annual
school meetings. Relating to printing re
port of state superintendent. Relating to
establishment of public school nystem.
Providing for payment of bond of treas
urers of school board by school district.
An act providing for compiling abstracts
of tltlo bonds. Providing for tho pub
lishing of statutes. Providing for the pro
cedure ngalnst tenants holding nn. Pro
viding for appeals to supremo court. De
fining child dependency, neglect, cruelty,
etc., nnd providing for protection.
Spcukcr Mockett called tho houso tQ
order at 11:30 on tho 2th, after a week's
adjournment. Bclden of Rlchnrdson In
troduced this resolution, which was re
ferred to tho commlttco on revenue:
Your petitioners, residents nnd taxpay
ers of said stato, present the following
That wo think It unjust that In case
pioperty Is mortguged the property nnd
mortgngo should both bo taxed.
That the luw of limitation on promis
sory notes, now and hereafter given,
should bo extended for ten years from
fa co of note.
That tho law should be so amended
that Instead of districts immediately
along railroads getting the entire bene
fit of tho school tax accruing from said
railroads, that said tax should bo dis
tributed equally among all districts In
tho county voting bonds, Inasmuch as
all districts must assist In the payment
of tho bonds.
These bills were passed: No. 16, by
Davis of Buffalo, to oermlt township to
buy land for cemetery purposes; No. 24,
by Jones of RIchurdsou, to mako the
town clerk, treasurer and Justice of tho
peaco constitute .the town board; No. 3,
by Perry of Furnas requiting all appli
cants for attorneys certificates to havo
an education aside from that In law
equivalent to a three-year high school
courso beforo admission; No. 39, by
Jones of Otoe, fixing fees for notarial
service; No, 4S, by Koetter of Douglas,
providing for school districts In metro
politan cttles paying tho cost of the
bond furnished by tho treasurer of such
districts; No. 70, by Perry of Furnns, re
lating to sureties and stays of execu
tion, making no material changes In the
present law, No. SI, by Loomls of Dodge,
requiring school teachers to bo at least
17 years of ago and otherwise fixing tho
quulitlcntlons of teachers.
Douglns of Rock, as chairman of tho
house special revenue committee, re
ported t.int tho Joint committee had
fulled to complete Its work of drafting
n revenue bill and could not submit such
a bill for a few days.
New bills were Introduced as follows:
Relating to regulations of tho Solldlers'
Homo at Grund Island by abolishing
visiting nnd examining boaid. To regu
l.ito the purchaso of books by tho stato
library, tho university library and tho
Nebraska Historical llbtary. Relating
to hall Insurance companies, prohibiting
the retention of more than three-fourths
of tho premium for expenses of the com
pany. To establish nn experimental sta
tion west of the 100th moredian, In tho
stato of Nebraska, fixing tho control and
management of tho same with the board
of regents and making an appropriation
of $5,000 therefor.
Immediately atter convening: on the 10th
tho houso passed houso roll 99, by Gregg
of Wayne, requiring notices of district
chool board meetings; also No. 100, by
llanna of Cherry, providing for tho es
tablishment of not less than threo or
moro than Hvo junior normal schools In
western Nebraska; also No. 101, by Klttlo
of Sherman, ruling the tax levy In town
ships for road purpot.es from 2 to 5 mills.
Bills on first reading Included: To pro
vide for the location of grain elevators
on the Mdo-truck and rlght-of-wuy of any
railroad, corporation or company in tho
statu of Nebraska by any person, firm,
corporation or association of persons by
making application to tho managing of
ficers of said railroad for an elevator site.
To outhurlzo and require counties, pre
clrcls, townships or towns, cities, villages
nnd school districts to compromlso their
Indebtedness and Issuo bonds In pay
ment thereof. Regulating tho organlia
tlon and operation of corporations, asso
ciations and soctotles to transaot upon
tho assessment plan, the business of accl.
dent or sickness Insurance. To provldo
for tho state ownership, control, Con
struction and repair of all bridges of five
hundrod feet or moro In length, within
the Btato on public roads. To prevent
fraud In rallrond tickets. This Is an ef
fort ngalnst scalping In unscrupulous
manner. An net making It unlawful for
any person to make, engrave, possess,
keep or havo any engraving Implement
for forging, counterfeiting, falsely nlter
Ir.g, stamping or dating any railroad
ticket. To provide for a Hen on grain and
seeds for threshing.
A petition from the Nebraska Federa
tion of Woman's Clubs, praying for the
passage of a pure food law, was Intro
duced In the Iioubo on the 11th by Gregg
of Wayne and referred to the commlttco
on commerce. II. R. 119, by Gregg, re
quiring district school board to notify of
ficers when reports arc due, was read tho
third tlmo and passed. Anderson of
Kenrney, moved thnt the houso go Into
committee of tho wholo to consider II. R.
112, a bill Introduced by Deles Dernier of
Cass to authorize and empower toards of
county commissioners or supervisors to
mako contracts for the construction and
repair of bridges, to buy material and
employ tho necessary help to construct
or repair the bridges. Tho matter was
discussed nt much length, but definite
action was not taken. Bills wero Intro
duced: To amend section 53n, urtlclo I,
chapter xvlll, Compiled Statutes, by re
quiring clerks of district courts to fllo
notice of foreclosure or payment of mort
gages with both county treasurer nnd
clerk. Emergency clause. To niithorlzo
county commissioners to appropriate un
expended balnnces credited to any pre
cinct to such precinct. To permit tho
payment of money nrlslng from the salo
or purchase of Irrigation bands or cou
pons at county treasurers' offices as well
as state. H. R. 301, by Rouse, relating to
district court fees. A Joint resolution re
lating to tho unexpended balanco In tho
hands of tho Nebraska State Relief com
mission, created by an act of tho legisla
ture at its twenty-fourth session, and to
provide for conevrtlng sold balance of
$D9G.9G Into the state treasury.
Tho house on the 12th concurred In the
senate's amendments to H. R. GO, reduc
ing the appropriation for legislators ex
penses from $18,000" to $2S,C00. It was
shown by a report by the house deficiency
ccmmltteo that the reduction was war
rented, as last session thousands of dol
lars were spent for furnishings and dec
orations, which are not required this
year. These bills were read the third time
and passed: II. R. 88, by Shelly of Doug,
las, to prevent and punish the desecra
tion of the federal flag; II. R. 1C8, by Klt
tel of Sherman, repealing the wolf bounty
law; II. R. 175, hy Burgess of Lancaster,
known ns tho anti-printing trust bill, was
recommended for passage. New bills In
troduced were: To establish nn experi
mental station at or near Crawford, Neb.,
fixing tho control nnd management of the
samo and making nn appropriation of $1S,
000 therefor. Providing for holidays tQ be
known as Lincoln and McKInley anni
versaries and Flng day, February 12,
January 29 and June 14, respectively. To
amend nn act to give an award for tho
discovery of coal. Iron ore. gas hnd crude
oil, nnd to provide nn appropriation of
$25,000 to pay the award. To provldo for
the abandonment of operations by Irriga
tion districts und for their disorganiza
tion. To provide for full width of public
roads of sixty-six feet and to keep them
This resolution by Cropsey of Jefferson
wns adopted:
"Whereas, This, the 12th day of Febru
ary, being the anniversary of tho birth
of Abraham Lincoln; and,
Whereas, His memory Is revered by all
people, his ability and loyalty acknowl
edged and admired, his unbounded love
for humanity nnd devotion to principle,
murks him ns an honorable example for
generations to come; therefore, be It
Resolved, That the flag of our country,
for which he gave his services nnd his
life, be placed nt full mast for today as
a token of respect to the memory of the
lamented saviour of our country.
In committee of the whole the houso
on the 13th considered the following bills,
among others: II. It, 153, by Gregg To
repeal the law piovtding for rural high
schools without requiring a consolidation
of districts. Re-commended for Indefinite
postponement. If. R. 112, by Deles Der
nier, to authorize county boards to con
struct bridges without letting contracts,
when such boards deem It best to reject
nil bids for tho contract. After a num
ber of futile attempts to amend tho mo
tion for Indefinite postponement wns lost
by a voto of 27 to 45. An amendment
was offered by Klttell of Sherman re
quiring boards to advertise for contracts
by competitive bidding for bridge work
costing $300 or more. Tho amendment was
adopted. An amendment by Rouse of Hall
ti provldo that tho work done by the
county board shall not exceed tho cost
of the lowest bid rejected, was ndopted.
McAllister offered an umendmant striking
out nil that portion of the bill which au
thorizes the board to build bridges with
out contruct whero the amount Involved
Is $300 or more. It was lost, and the bill
as amended was recommended for
passage. II. R. 152. by Gregg To provldo
that In cities of over 1,500 and less than
103,000 Inhabitants school boards shall con
sist of five members, to hold for a five
year term, one members to bo elected each
year. Tho committee voted against tho
bill. Mockett of Lancaster then amended
the bill so as to mako it apply only to tho
city of Lincoln. The amendment was
adapted, and the committee then decided
to report progress on tho bill.
An amendment Is proposed to be made
t the revenuo bill now ponding before
the legislature making tho same rule as
regards taxation In municipal cities ap
plicable to Incorporated towns nnd til
lages in the state. This Is Intended to
reach tho same end as that aimed at by
houso roll 171, but making application
This decision was arrived at Wednes
day at a meeting of the "committee of
ten," of which ex-Governor Crounse Is
chairman, wlWch met at the Calument.
The bill as It now stands provides for
the assessment of railroad property at
full cash value within cities only.
A new bank will begin business In
Barneston, March 1st
Tho Nebraska Editorial association
meeting at Hastings was unusually
well attended.
Tho telephone company nt Arlington
will erect a suitable building for car
rying on Its work.
York county farmers are organizing
to handle their own products by ele
vator and otherwise.
Fire destroyed four buildings Id
Hartley and scorched another so badl3
as to practically render It worthless.
Tho Y. M. C. A. board of Fremontt
has decided to build a two-story build
ing with basement, to cost about ?25,
000. Tho Fremont public labrary build
ing, tho cost of which, $15,000, was do
nated by Andrew Carnegie, has been
completed and accepted by the library
Cyrus Kelley, a young man of Bur
well, was instantly killed by the ac
cidental discharge of a gun. Tho re
mains wero taken to Tekamah for
Tho two children of Mrs. James
Lyons, Lincoln, were burned to death
whllo tho mother was temporarily ab
Bcnt. She had locked them in the
houso while making a neighborly call.
Whllo trying to start a Are in the
furnace at the homo of Mrs. Wads
worth at Beatrice, Miss Bessie Mc
Kinney was badly burned about tho
face nnd hands by the explosion of
Mrs. Nancy J. Taylor of Fremont,
has sued the Union Pacific Railroad
company in tho district court for ?20,
000 damages, alleged to have been sus
tained at the passenger station in
Council Bluffs.
The' Lango Canning & Preserving
company of Beatrice, which contem
plated moving its plant to Fremont,
has decided to remain in Beatrice and
will erect a new factory north of town
which will cost about $15,000.
Fred Slbert, a young man living
fourteen miles southwest of Red
Cloud, was killed while chopping down
trees. A tree fell carrying him nnd
pinning him to the ground. His arms
and legs wero broken and his body
horribly mangled.
H. C. Grese, representing the Ames
beet sugar people, has been at Tren
ton Interesting the farmers in sugar
beets. He secured a number of con
tracts and a large acreage will be put
in. Culbertson has organized a sugar
beet association.
Otto L. Gibson, a former prominent
resident, met death in a peculiar man
ner near Blnckfoot, Idaho, recently.
He ate from a raisin stow prepared in
a galvanized iron vessel. By somo
chemical action a poison was formed,
causing death during the night.
Swen B. Benson, an Elkhorn section
man, was run over and killed in Uio
company's yards at Fremont. He was
clearing tho Ice from a switch and was
struck by somo cars that wero being
kicked back. The dead man was 35
years of ago and leaves four small
John Krema, a prominent Bohemian
and former business man of Schuyler,
shot himself fatally. Ho had been
brooding over financial matters for
somo tlmo and was, it is alleged, short
in his accounts as treasurer of the
Woodmen of the World. Ho leaves a
wlfo and threo children.
At Anoka, during a quarrel between
Clarence Dutcher and F. L. Williams,
bus drivers of Butte, as to the proper
places to have their buses at tho de
pot, Dutcher drew a 45-caliber revolver
and shot at Williams but missed. He
was arrested, charged with shooting
with intent to kill and bound over
under ball of' $800.
Albert Gerllng, a farmer residing
twelve miles north of Humphrey, mado
an attempt to commit suicide by tak
ing strychnine. It seems that an over
dose was taken and with medical as
sistance ho was saved. Gerllng lias
been ailing for tho past two years Is
tho only cause given for his attempt
ing to take his own life.
Rnymond Brooks, carrier on rural
rural route No. 1, was killed by train
No. 6 nt Glen Creek. He arrived in
town at 3:20 and was struck at the
crossing by tho train, which was go
ing forty-flvo miles an hour. Tho en
gine struck the middle of tho carriage,
demolishing It and carrying him
eighty feet. He fell close to the track.
Sheriff Hodges took Joseph Robin
son to tho penitentiary from Nelson,
to begin serving a sentence of seven
years at hard labor for setting fire
to a saloon buldlng In Lawrence last
Juno which resulted In a property loss
to tho extent of about $0,000. Robin
son mado a confession In which he
Btated that threo saloonkeepers here
hired him to burn out their competitor.
Whllo a train of tho Uuton Pacific
was pulling along at the rato of forty
miles an hour in tho vicinity of Lex
ington, in tho baggage car thero was
born to the happy parents, passengers
from the west to Fairfield, Cornish by
name, a bright, bouncing baby. When
tho train arrived at Grand Island tho
company physician was at the depot,
but his services wero not needed and
all In tho party wero reported to bo
doing finely.
Fist Road to Double Its Track frorro
I Chicago to Omaha.
A doublo track, block system lino of
transcontinental railway now reaches,
from tiie Missouri river to Chicago,
This will bo in tho way of a dlsUnct
rovclatlon to tho man who mado Uio
trip across the plains twenty-five years,
ago In a prairie schooner, or on tho
emigrant train of tho seventies.
Tho rapid development of our great
agricultural states has been lost sight
of to a certain degree In tho discussion
that has arisen lately concerning Uio
commercial Invasion of China and tho
far east, our occupation of tho Philip
pine Islands, the anncxaUon of Hawaii
and tho wholo general movement by
which wc have suddenly becomo a.
world power. But while wo havo pa
triotically discussed theso questions,
commerce- has moved ahead positively
and relentlessly In Uio direction of tho
Paclfl ccoast, raising up now towns,,
building up old ones, making facto
ries and farms whero wild pralrio hod
been. The result is shown, in part, in tho
necessity on the part of Uio Chicago &
Northwestern for this doublo track
lino, where great trains of Hvo stock,
and grain move In long lines eastward,
to feed not only the eastern Btates, but
to afford an outlet for Uio products of
what Ib now, more than over before,,
the granary of tho world.
To tho westward thero is also n con
tinuous stream of travel. Tho North
western Line, with its connections, op
erates threo dally passenger trains be
tween Denver and Chicago and three
from San Francisco to Uio east. Ono
of these, known as tho Overland Lim
ited, is probably the most luxurious,
and beautiful train In tho world.
Through Pullman Bervice from Den
ver, Ogden, Cheyenne, Portland, San.
Francisco and Omaha to Chicago dally
As to freight movements ,the great
doublo track system across tho plains.
Is busy carrying manufactures for Asi
atic Russia, cotton cloths for Uio Chi
neeo, various articles required by the
pioneers who havo crossed the Pacific
to Manila and gono north to the gold,
mines of Alaska; as well as Uio tre
mondous traffic for Colorado, Wyom
ing, Utah and the Pacific northwest,
comprising tho product of every known,
branch of tho country's commercial
It was In 184S that tho Galena &
Chicago Union, having been completed
from Chicago to tho Des Plaines river,
n distance of ten miles, tho first train
aver Uio lino opened the traffic to Chi
cago by stopping on its way east to
tako on a farmer's load of wheat, the
first grain shipment by rail to Chicago
from the west. It may be imagined
that this wheat was hardly desined for
export, and that tho travelers on this
lunkot of early days llttlo thought to
what proportions this nucleus of a
groat railway system would grow.
But the road grew and in 1867 tho
line to Council Bluffs was complete,
and the Pawnees on the Platte and the
Sioux on the Missouri began to feel
the crowding of the white man's out
posts. In 1880 Iowa, Minnesota and
Wisconsin had becomo well settled,
whllo along tho Platte the Indians
still remained. The Northwestern hod,
however, built a lino across southern
Minnesota and into Dakota as far as
Watertown, with feeders to various
points, while in Wisconsin and north
ern Michigan lines had been extended
Into the Lake Superior district through
Escanaba to Negaunee and Ishpemlng.
This all seems very recent, but since
that time tho system has grown until
It penetrates nine states of tho union,
and its heavy lines of freight trains
and its palatial passenger sorvico
reach all Important points from Chi
cago to Milwaukee, Madison, St. Paul
and Minneapolis, Duluth and Superior,
Omaha, tho Black Hills and Colorado,
with three fast trains between Den
ver, Salt Lake, Ogden, Cheyenno and
Chicago dally; fast service to and
from the Pacific coast
Tho completion of tho first double
track between Chicago and the Mis
souri river puts Uio road not only at
tho front as compared with tho other
western roads, but in advance of many
of tho eastern lines that traverse
country where he population is much
more dense.
The Original American Expansionist.
Captain Thomas Read was the pio
neer In our expansion policy, but that
was just 112 years ahead of time. On
a voyage this is Interesting history
In the old frigate Alliance, which his
friend Robert Morris had converted
Into a merchantman, he made Uie first
out-of-season passage to China. There
were supposed to bo million in it, but
they did not pan out. Commodore
Dale and Georgo Harrison accompa
nied him. the formor ns rJilnf nfflnow
,and tho latter as supercargo. Read
uiscovereu two islands, which ho nam
ed Morris and Alliance. They wero
In the Caroline group, and by virtue
of discovery belonged to the United
States. The Carolines aro not far from
the Philippines. Spain camo along
and appropriated them, whllo America
at back on her dignity and looked
pleasant. Our rights never wero as
serted nor respected. Germany bcught
tho Carolines, the Pelow and Ladrono
Islands in 1899 for 10,750,000 marks.
Read's discovery is a forgotten chap
ter in our history.
The Oldest School House.
Tho "old log school houso" at Camp
Run, Westmoreland county, Pa., Is
said to be tho oldest school house in
this country. It is very primltlvo in
all its appointments, but the teacher,
Miss Celia J. Miller, who Is only 1C
years old, has enlisted tho help ol
tho "big boys" to make somo improve
ments. Silence and Superstition.
A curious request has been made by
tho minister of Alsaco and Lorraine
to tho Socloto Industrlel do Mulhouse,
whom ho has asked to select for him
a competont electrical specialist en
pnble of writing series of articles In
order to refute scientifically Uio super
stltlonB of various villagers in Alsace.
It BeomB that tho villages in which
those superstitions people Hvo have
boen recently provided with electric
tramwayB, and the Inhabitants believe
that the aerial wires attract storms,
nnd aro the special cause of heavy
rallu of hail.

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