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Official Paper of Doi Butt County TWICE A WEEK TUESDAY AND FRIDAY Official Taper of the City of Alllanc - volume xxvm. (Ten Pages) ALLIANCE, BOX BUTTE COUNTY, NEBRASKA, TUESDAY AUGUST 2, 1921. No. 71 FISHER OF MEN HAD NO LICENSE TO CATCH FISH GAME WARDEN ARRESTS SKY PILOT AT KILPATRICK'S Judge Tash Satisfies a Lifetime Ambi tion When Preacher is Brought ' Into His Court John 21:3: unto them, I Simon Peter saith go a fishing. They say unto thee: him, We also go with County Judge Tash was enabled to -jrratify the ambition of a lifetime last Saturday evening. He was privileged' to preach to a preacher. For years -and years, the judge says, he has been ompelled in sit in front of pulpits and listen to ministers read his pedigree and catalogue his sins, without having a. single opportunity to answer back, 'After vears of waiting. Judre Tash ; finally had a minister up before him to "receive a sentence, and he was unable to let the opportunity slip by without adding a moral lecture. It was a long Avait, the judge admits, but it was "worth it, just to be able to smile sadly at the reverend gentleman, and say, with infinite compassion in his voice: "Go, and sin no more!" It all happened this way. Saturday afternoon the Rev. Stephen J. Epler of this city, his wife, Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Dillon and son went to the Elmore dam on a fishing trip. It was really fco much of a fishing trip for the min ister as it was the opportunity to re cline in a shady spot and go over the notes for the Sunday sermon. The others were fishing in earnest. They had a large cream can for a creel and a complete assortment of fishing rods and hooks and bait. The sun dipped low and lower to ward the horizon, and the fishing con tinued. The Rev. Mr. Epler had not made a single cast. The head of the house finally startled him from his rev erie by shoving a fishing pole intfi his hands. "You havenT fished any this - - - - afternoon, Steve, she said, or words to that effect, and Mr. Epler stuffed his notes into his pocket and grasped a rod. He went at the business of fish ing seriously and whole-heartedly, as Ike does with everything. So -engrossed was he in the operation that for twenty minutes he did not stir. The others were equally busy. They did not hear an automobile stop at the rear of i.lwJV?u"" "V"!"1."" V:i . ' -'".rrJlChadron. some of them on the road to them; mem: uiey uiu nut near ine eiainiy i footsteps that came up behind them. 1 . .. r .. . . .. . . . . But they did hear the stentorian voice of Otto Winner, deputy state game warden, who asked: I "May I see your fishing license, please?" . Obliging as these people were, they ' lidn't comply They had no fishing li-. cense to exhibit There wasn't one in the crowd. Consternation seized them first, and then the officers seized them. The party broke up right there. When the game warden found who he had captured, he was most pleasant about it, and had the man of the cloth given him any encouragement, might have fnro-ottpn nil nhnut it. hut th nrcnrhpr "was willing, almost anxious, to pay the penalty for any violation of the law. The cream can, nearly half filled with fish the party had taken, was loaded into the automobile, and as the setting sun threw long shadows into the road, the procession wended its way back to the city. ' Judge Tash had long since adjourn ed court and was installed in the Ieace and quiet of his home. The tele phone rang, and the judge let it ring. It rang again, more insistently, and he unwound himself from his easy chair and arose. The game warden wanted him to come back and open a short session of court to deal with the of fenders. The judge is good natured, hut it had been a trying week (no pun intended) and he demurred, the game warden insisted, but did not the identity of his catch. Judsre Tash finally agreed to come down after sup per, which probably didn't consist of firied fish. It was 7:30 before the jul;je bor rowed a cigar olF Lou Corbin and started for court. He visited a'onf the way, and it was somewhat later, tefore he got within sight of the cul- prits and the captors. The judge did not even hasten his step. He failed to recognize the preaclier and his wife in their nshing ciotnes. ine great recognition scene, which occurred in the court room, was said to have been worth coming miles to see. Despite the fact that Judge Tash had been waiting year3 to get a preacher before him, he was remark- ably lenient He cast about in his mind for some way in which he could 1 ;.rktnn 4ha KIaw Vita OPi'inti(iurii"il lighten the blow for his ecclesiastical iriAnn a 1 1 iinr urn k m in unnn mm. 4,The Kil patrick dam is on private property," he said, "and if these peo ple had permission " But a light in Ihe eyes of the Rev. Mr. Epler showed that this sort of thing wouldn't go. The judge consulted the statutes in Fuch cases made and provided.. The line for fishing without a license may hesitated, -but'the preacher" Was firm. io pretty high the minimum is $15. The fih.mabe passed lit $r apiece, f The can was.huW full. It looked like liankmntcv. nothlnz. less. The judge """Tie insiated.obeiftK-fined, thd same as other men." ' Didn't even desire the half-fare concession. Drawing a long THE WEATHER Forecast Vor Alliance and vicinity: Fair tonight and probably Wednesday. Rising temperature Wednesday and northwest portion, tonight. breath, Judge Tash did the fining. . Later he got even with the preacher I by remitting it, but the costs in the state man sends in a bill. All five of the fishermen and fisherwomen drew fines, and all five were remitted. But the judge, who often tells cul prits things that are for the good of their soul 3, couldn't resist the tempta tion to preach to a preacher. It was thorough, just as the judge's talks al ways are, but there is some question as to whether it was enjoyed as much by those in the prisoners' box as those on the side line.. At any rate, when he concluded with the injunction to "Go and sin no more" they hesitated not, but went home to a belated sup- per, which was probably a cold one, Deputy Warden Winner and a cou- pie of companions were on their way to Alliance, after a successful ten days at Scottsbluff, where they made fully a hundred arrests of people who had neglected to take out fishing licenses. They were in a hurry to get to Alli- ance, but decided, on tne spur or we moment, to stop at the dam and have a look. They call it a successful trip. The preacher is not saying anything for publication. SEESNEEDFOF ORGANIZATION IN GIVING HELP SOME SYSTEM NEEDED IN CITY'S RELIEF WORK Rev. B. J. Minort Thinks There Should Be Someone to Investigate Before Giving Aid Rev. B. J. Minort, pastor of the First Baptist church of this city, who has occupied himself and several interested m . . , .. ) members of his congregation in relief wurs uuiioB u mum ni..u.3, .uk , rain that wag pwatting the others got uiuir wouia nenenc nis neaun. ine gested Monday that .Alliance should ;hig t aIo with lheir nnd he wall seer left, and this, so Mr. Basye sup have some sort of an organization to , c0 Ued to sp,na the niRht at Way-1 posed, closed the incident take cure of JfamiliesJn the city which are in need of assistance. There has been a considerable, amount of indis criminate giving on the part of various citizens, he says, but aside from the fact that there is duplication in some i-ascji nnu ivn ui onnoMiin.c m "mci , there is a definite need for some re- !n. ; i sponsible person to investigate before aid is tendered. Mr. Minort finds; in his investiga- tions, that there is a surprisingly large I UUlilLrl VL HCCTII A a 1 1 1 1 1 ICS til UIC Vll i number of needy families in the city, His conclusion is that the unemploy- ment problem is responsible for this, to a large extent. Assistance of some sort will be needed for many during the fall and winter months especially, and he thinks it time that sonVsteps steps be taken to perfect an Mr. Minoit says: organization. "The writer has now been a resident of Alliance six months, and he finds ! thnt thr has hfn n siirnrifilntr lot nt needy families for the size of the town. Ferhaps this is so because of the fact that so many men were laid off last fall and have thus far been unable to secure work. "As a missionary in Kansas City, I , have had occasion to minister to the needy the alms and gifts of several churches, and I find that Alliance ' needs some channel through which its donations to the needy can be passed on to the most deserving. Some have ' gone hungry in our town not because we have as a city been unsympathetic, but because we have lacked system in our giving. j "In at least two instances gifts have been made in families where the nat- j ure of the gifts were such as to make . them useless to the needy family. Can we not have some person or institu tion who.?e dut' it wi! be to inves-ti-prate the need of each case and make the gift accordingly? "Last spring a man told the writer that he had piven a certain man ten dollars for groceries and coal. Now to my knowledge tnat man spent at Iea:.t j1af Gf that money to attend a wrest- iing match and play pool. Had that ten dollars been turned over to some man who understood the needs of the family, it would have been given to that family in the shape of groceries camp grounds overlooking the city und and coal, and not in currency. Our ex- ' wji spend two weeks here and break perierce has been that it is not wise to camt) Sunday, August 14, when Alli give money, but to give that which anceautos will come to Hot Springs money can secure. j ami take their diamonds back home. "Now, why can we not have some "These girls and their chaperonea nprson or net-sons who will take it iv.,..,,,v,t irf c;nj h.. v, a , upon themselves to look into the need 0f the poor or such as have been up, ' i . 1 js I I , a . ; against the financial buzz saw, and to against ine nnanciai uuu saw, nu io whom all benevolent funds of lodges or churches or other organizations te eacn member is given the same days given, and expect this person or per- eff and the hours of duty. They are eons report at periods where the a fine looking set of girls and Alliance money Roes, or where the gifts cf should be very much delighted that whatever nature ha3 been placed? they can send out such an attractive "I believe that our gifts would do. looking armv to enjoy a couple of much more pood if we u.-ed mora sys- weeks in the best little city on earth." tern about dispensing them. If the writer could be of any use to the com- Mrs. Homer X. White left for her nuiruty either alone ,or ia conjunct- home- in Broken Bow aatuiy -night, v.jth ohenr to. dispense the alms, .of atr fiispostni? of Umet of her h6use repreentative bodies of Alliance Jv ij.huld goods and hi jiing the re.sV.idr, at their service. Aad while we are at white is connected with a paving con it; houWhe reader have any food tr tractor there fit flre3entr.r; Mrs-Wil-clothing to give now, please call me up Hams, mother of Mrs. White, left Sat and I will place them for you." ' uxday morning. Idaim iMTrnrrnro. imin im enroled' WITH CAMPFIRE TRIPTOSPRINGS SOME CARS MAROONED OVER NIGHT IN CHADRON. I Caravan of Automobiles Hit by Down pour and Schedule Is Some what Disarranged. Seventy-six Campfire Girls and their guardians are in Hot Springs and have already entered upon the first stretch of their two weeks camping trip in that city. Sixteen of these made the trip by railway, and they missed the time of their lives, according to the sixty girls who made the trip in auto mobiles contributed by a number of Alliance business men. The schedule was all drawn up, and arrangements apparently completed whereby the business men who desired could back in Alliance Sunday evening, the weather man was left out of be but the calculation. The start was made all the way be tween 3:30 and 4:15 a. m. Sunday, the last carload of girls being loaded in Just as the clock struck the quarter hour. - The committee who hrd been assigning them to the cars for the trip had hardly got home and in bed again to catch up with their lost sleep when the heavens opened up and a lot of water came pouring down. The rain at Alliance was not so very heavy, but to the north and northwest, judging from the travelers who have returned, it must have been next.door to a cloud burst. But one automobile, that driven by M. S. Hargraves, reached Hot Springs Sunday morning. Monte was one of the first to get out of town, and he didn't let the grass accumulate under his tires at all. Monte had an en gagement in Alliance Monday moi n-! ing, and ne nat a new car to try ouu He was in Hot Springs by 9:30 Sunday morning, having completed the 120 miles in about five hours and a half. 1 A M I 1 1 c xeit pretty Kt'ui u n i c uian i too the homeward trail. Then the He felt pretty good over it until he side, which is the sort of a town its I Thejnunty attorney, however, reck name would Indicate: He arrived in oned Without the Hindu. He simply Alliance late Monday afternoon. couldn't pass up an opportunity of this ' The rain struck the rest of the cars kind. Saturday he returned to Alli rii thv mm in th virinitv of ance, accompanied by various trunks . i . i j .i ,l. t,;u... ., that place and others on the high way ' httuL'fon Chadron and Hot borincrs. Harrv Highland, who drove in a mud- covered car about 4:30 Monday, says the fact that there is a certain young that his car had just left Chadron . lady in Alliance who thinks consider v tu .lnurnnmir inrrenswl to such ably of the Hindu. This young lady I , , . . . . i . 1 I M nAVi3ntr V.v . l? y" fc fY I" i ' ;rinr I ''" . , ' . I jh. T ! he" th.e KT' Vmplet AVr. I Hot Springs by tram, as did the Camp- 6r &rl ,n 5.ars dnlen by J,m Hunter and two or three others The trio was eventful, to say the least, and the Campfire Girls had some 1 experiences that should be valuable to them on auto Camping tours, at least ine twenty cars tnai carneu mem i the spnng3 were sireicneu biohr me road between Chadron and Hot Snrings. and very now and then a load of them made the camping grounds. Only a few of the travelers have re turned, and details of the establish ment of the camp are not at hand, but it mu.st have been thrilling. Every automobile driver who has re turned is filled with the pep and en thusiasm that the girls gave him. They had the time of their lives. While the drivers were probably swearing under their breaths, the girls took it all a3 a huge joke and their light hearts and good spirits were contagious. Not a man who has returned from the trip . j i.u: i n .i . " i u,: ,n fl.l l rs;j the girls back home, - v - - ;- xV " - - o ' - rt The Hot Springs Times-Herald has the following to, say concerning the Alliance girls: "fc'i.nday morning at f jut o'ciook 16 autos left Alliance with more than a hundred Campfire Girls and their chaperones. They begin to arrive in Hot Springs about 10 o'clock and were all safely housed in the spacious Auditorium for the night, a3 the entire day was a downpour of rain. '1 he campers moved on Monday to the local car owners of Alliance, "There is one mess table handled by . ' . . nea(i quartermaster and every three day-3 the cooks are changed so that SEER IS WINNER IN THE SECOND ROUND BUT THE GAME ISN'T NEARLY PLAYED OUT Gets a $.10 Remittance to Alliance and Still Has Eye on the Coin Come His to uocior it, bennein, Hindu sage, soothsayer, philosopher and master of occult ecrcts, appears to be slightly ahead the second round of his struggle with County Attorney Basye. The doctor, who claims to be a graduate of half a dozen Hindu universities, is sojourning in the United States for a few years, during which time he is educating the populace to various oc cult doctrines. He lectures occasion ally or even more often than that, he ' gazes into the crystal sphere now Mid L. .1 1 . ; i i uicii, ami wnen tunes are naru ana money scarce, ia not unwilling to do a little palmistry on the side. He was in Alliance recently with the McMa hon carnival. . It was during hii Alliance engage ment that he recognized in Mrs. Jen nie Watkins, widow, a meal ticket. She attended the carnival and stopped in his tent He, gave her an earful, read ing her a pleasant future one of which to be proud. She told him that she had a little money, and he took her name and address. The carnival moved on to Scottsbluff, and the Hin du seer went with it. A telegram came shortly thereafter, requesting the loan of $600 with which to purchase an automobile. She agreed to let him have it and the varnished cars brought him to Alliance immediately. She had gone so far as to write a check for $000, and was going to the bank to : pass it, when she decided to consult County Attorney Basye, her legal ad- x'isor, who told her that it would be better business to get security for any loan she might make. The Hindu couldn't give any security or answer nuestinns satisfactorilv. anil Mr. Hasve ' - , ' intimated to him that a trip to Scotts- and bags, with the intention of taking im I , P i ir, up his residence here in the home of Watkins. it seems that the situ- anon is sun iunner compucaieu Dy nas, irom time to ume, uorroweu money or Mrs. watmns, and it was she who persuaded the widow to ad- vance Sot) to Dring .the seer oack to this city. Mrs. Watkins is apparently delighted with having the master of all these occult secrets at her beck and call, as it were.-and tells her ist torney that, so far as. she is concerned, she "doesn't care if the girl does marry him, even if he ia dark-complected." That, however, was yesterday. The Hindu today ia away from the city on an automobile tour maybe he has re HINDU joined the carnival to get a little .-wuue it was appiauueu oy many oan more ready cash but so far as can be at the time it was put on as a learned, his trunk is in Aliiance and he ; necessary means of stopping specula intenda to return. Mrs. Watkins isifion, many of them believe it was said to have lost a little of her en- kept on too long, onf after specula- thu-iasm concerning him, and maybe the seer will be given the gate when he returns. Her last comment waB that she didn't fully trust him. The light of battle is in the county attorney's eye, and he does not propose to have the remainder of Mrs. Wat kins' money lost. Somehow or other, he doesn't like the looks of the Hindu, and he has intimated as much to that ' oriental Kenueman. in aunnrai.uM bn made for the. appointment i m of a guardian for Mrs. Watkins, :ind the county attorney will take up the matter of the Hindu with the immi gmt on authorities. There will be more than two rounds to this engage ment. Mrs. Watkins had nearly two thou sand dollars In cash a year ago, but jut what shape her finances are in at the present time is not known. Ac cording to Mr. Basye, she had been imposed upon before her acquaintance with the Hindu. Her home is on Mis souri avenue. Loaded Auto Truck Collides With Ford Driven by a Woman A Reo Speedwagon, loaded with 3,500 pounds of wheat, collided with a Ford automobile driven by Mrs. Tom Lawrence, on' Laramie avemre early Saturday morning. Mrs. Lawrence was driving south on Laramie and Guy Dentler, at the hehtr of the Ken, was going west on Second street. The force, of the impact threw the Lord a distance of thirty or forty feet, smash ing the front fender, bending' the flterj rod nd demolishing $ tefts front vheef , 'There was but one'necu-t paut 4 -each car, and no one was in - jare.-" KMJktrers were roio;? cat fullvand both of them, it li under stood, were on the proper bide of the: THROWING AWAY PROFITS. If a customer came into your store for a suit and furnishings would you say, "No, thanks, we are not selling goods today" or would you do your level best to make the Of course you would do all you could to sell the goods. "Any man," you would say, "that opens a store and refuses to sell goods is a legiti mate relative of the fellow who thinks he is Napoleon." But, hold on just a moment. Are you one of the retailers who reduced his advertising appropria tions when the "depression" came along? If you are if you do busi ness now on a smaller publicity scale if you count advertising an expense instead of a profit maker look again at the title of this edi torial and think again about the merchant who would refuse to make a sale. The retailer who cancels his ad vertising cancels his profits. He does not cut down to the bone, but into it He reduces expenses until he also reduces his business. Advertising must be continued it must be developed in times like these. The National Retail Cloth ier, July 21, 1921. EVIDENCE OF IMPROVEMENT IN CONDITIONS PROGRESSIVE DISCOUNT IS ABANDONED. RATE Action of Federal Reserve Bank Re garded as Indication of Better Business Conditions. The abandonment of the progressive discount rate by the federal rescive bank for the district in which Ne braska is located is looked upon by Lincoln bankers as the best possible evidence of the improved condition of general business and of the banka in the territory, says the State Journal. Theythmk.it the most hopsJul sign that has yet appeared when' the big financiers take off the brakes that they summarily placed an credit in April of last year. Beginning Monday the bank went back to a flat 6 per cent rate. The progressive discount rate was taken oh" in most of the other dis tricts some weeks ago, and great pres sure has been Drought to bear on Gov ernor Miller for the Tenth reserve muow buiw train u.wuiv toffs the more money a bank borrowed. il. it ud . - urv. necessity lorceu an iuki. ax rci 4 - . M 1 k k . "Jfl mam cent has been paid by bankers who went above the line, the mark placed on the loaning abilities under the rules and the law. The result was to penalize the banks and pile up a lot of money represent ing these penalties. It u an axiom 1 of finance that the higher the interest rate the less money borrowed, and 1 lion naa enueu nnu uenai:un was c- ing forced. Fressure upon Governor Harding, in charge of the whole system, failed to move him. He was present the other week at the Kansas state bankers' association, when this course was ur;red, but he did nothing but sit and look at the floor. M. L. McClure, . who is handling the big live stock iwui, one of the Kansas tity di rectors who has been steadfastly op- wosed for weeks to the rate remaining in eirect. With a C per cent rate in effect for rediscounts, banks will be able to ob tain nees.ory loans at a reasonable rate. This does not mean that the do rs will be oiened airain to free borrowing. The general business sit uation does not warrant any such policy, as readjustment has not yet been complete. The resumption of the old rate will be helpful to those stockmen and farmers who must borrow in big sums to finance their operations . Western bankers generally say that this low ering of the rate to normal will mean better times, when it is coupled with the wheat money that is pouring in, along with cattle sales, good crops, a general revival in business, .and a ten dency on the part of the railways to get down to lower fright rates en farm products and like stock, will re sult in much better times out this way, bankers predicted. The workings of the progressive re discount rate tied up thojsands of dol lars in penalties exacted from bankers who went above their line, and only sDiritcd action on the part of mrny bunkers caused the release of the.-o penalties in the last few weeks. Ihe credit Tv tuRtlon tensed tond tighte was i. unuouoieoiy tensed tond tightened very much by i the-progressive re-discount rata I or tfet jfet.nunAgoLher reasons. It was arbitrary in the extreme, bankers con- tended, and worked mischievouuly cc DISCUSSION OF BILL PASSED BY COMMISSIONERS COUNTY PAID FOR WALL PAPER. AND HOUSE VARNISH. Personal Bill of Commissioner Carrell of' Hemingford Audited and Allowed. County Clerk Avis Jodcr several days ago, before her departure for Hot Springs with the Campfire Girls, earn, upon a claim, audited and allowed hyt the Box Butte county commissioners at their last session, which covered some, goods purchased by County Coramis sioned Carrell of Hemingford. Th claim, which amounted to $67.30, cov ered a quantity of wall paper, paint, and Mure sco, a sort of kalsominins ' material. The matter was brought to the attention of various-county officers, and the board of county commissioner have made an explanation of the way in wnicn the claim came to be palL Various rumors are afloat over th county concerning the claim. Commis sioner Carrell, who came to Alliance immediately when the matter was called to his attention, declares that it was a very natural sort of an error. He had -ordered for the county torn lumber from the Farmers' Co-opera-tine Association of Hemingford, of which Alex Muirhead is manager. Ac cording to hid statement, shortly be fore the board met at the July session, he called at the store and asked for the county's bill. He was given instead he declares, his pefsonal account. H looked only at the total for the bill, and it seemed to him that $67.30 was a good price for the material he had secured for the county. He then placed it in his coat pocket and proceeded to Alliance. When the board was audit ing claims and allowing bills, he took it from his pocket, walked into the clerk's office adjoining, and got a file number for it and then took it back to the session withtiim. He says that he thought he understood pretty well what the claim covered, and did not look it over carefully, but endorsed it and handed It on. The other members of the board were satisfied with his O, v. nd their names along with The bill was allowed and th county clerk instructed to draw a war rant for it , Miss Joder's attention was directed to the claim after she had drawn a, check in payment for the items listed thereon and mailed it to Aiex iviuir- h(;!itli m3nager of the Farmers' Co-op erative Association at Hemingford. Mr. Muirhead, it is declared, found that h had no claim against the county in that amount, and came down to Alli ance to see about it. The claim, which was made out HKUIK'li v i regular form. tU f!l,, Srail. a - 'Jan 16, 1 roll paper 5 1.75 Jan. 26, 4 rolls rosin paper 7.0 Jan. 26, 2 rolls paper 3.50 Jan. 26, 1 roll paper 1.75 Jan. 27, 1 piece 2x4, 3 pieces 2k8, 5 rolls rosin paper 10.05 Feb. 8, 2 rolls paper 3.01 Feb. 10, 1 roll paper 1.50 Feb. 11,3 rolls paper 4.50- April 25, 75 pounds Muresco, a-gal. enamel, 1 quart S. W. .15.75 ADril 26. 70 pounds Muresco, 1 (mart S. W. 11.50 April 27, 10 pound Muresco, 1 quart S. W April 2!, 15 pounds Muresco, '4-gal. enamel April 30, V-gal. varnish 2.50 6.2S 2.75 . . $71.80 Returned 30 pounds 4.60 $67.30 The commissioners are all positive in their statement that the whol thing is a mixup which is easily ex-' plained and just as easily straightened out. There are some who are attempt ing to cast aspersions in the direction of the big Hemingford commissioner, but the other two members of the boird are inclined to look at the whole thin,? as a big joke. They admit that it was careless handling of the bills, but say that each commission. places orders for material to be used in his own district and that ordinarily, when bills are audited, they accept any mem ber's word as to the reliability of any claim and approve without question when the member is satisfied. Walker Divorce Suit May Be Dismissed The divorce proceedings instituted by Mrs. Leona Walker against Jay O. Walker of this city will be dismissed, according to close friends of the par ties concerned. Last week Mrs. Walker's attorneys were in the city taking depositions to be used in the trial of the case, filed, at Broken Bow. It- Is understood that Mr, and Mrs. Walker through their attorneys have reached an agreement concerning the disposition of property,, ami some other -matter in controversy ' V i 1 ' ' . - - ... Haying been, fed up ori JRimsfaa ru mors, the world refuses to accept any. firominent dead Russian as dead ua ess there ia an affidavit. f t - .