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THE ALLIANCE HERALD, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1921.
IVORY ALIN Look for this stamp on every' piece of genuine Ivory Pyralin Toiletware SCOTTEN & HERSHMAN ALLIANCE DRUG CO. Phone 132 211 Box Butte SIX PYR The Nation's Business (A Series of Articles by National Leaders Published Ex clusively in This Territory in The Herald.) . i "America's Greatest Asset" By Samuel Gompers, Presi. dent of the American Federation of Labor. Editor's Note No man in the world) possible, no matter what the cost to today stands so high In the esteem o: employers or to society. Of course, labor as docs Samuel (Jumpers, and no man is (riven more respect by the em ployers, for while the latter were op posed to the organizations he repre sents, they have admitted he was hon est, fair and open to reason as well as leing a clean fighter for the rights he believed due to his followers. He knows the ideals, the aims and the strength of unionism as no other man does. America has no peasantry. America has no class set apart, marked apart, definitely classified as Ibeing apart and irrevocably fixed as apart from the (Treat mass of her people. America has no class from "which it is impossible to merge. America Is distinguished through out the world bv the hiirh standard of living which the masses of her people ' from the top downward. 1 njoy. The comparison is sharp and unt ot organization is the they are those who out of short-sight edness, seek always to spread this false impression. The truth is that no organization in America Is broader in its outlook or attempts to more intelligently under stand the general needs of our society or to fit in more constructively and helpfully. An understanding of the structure of the American Federation of Labor may be helpful in leading to an understand ing of its activities and its policies. The form of organization around which the American labor movement is built is exactly like th? form of or ganization in the political life of our country. The American Federation of Labor is constructed With its founda tion on the ground and all powers pro ceed from the base upward and not j he smallest local union. an which they pay per capita tax to the American Federation of Labor. In addition, each city central body, each state federation and each of the five departments of the American Federa tion of Labor Mine, Metal Trades, Building Trades Union Label Trades and Railroad Employes' Department, are entitled to one delegate. Many persons think that the Amer ican Federation of Labor is an organ ization of great power. In a most im portant sense this is true, but in the sense in which it is understood by many of labor's critics, it is without truth. The great power of the Ameri can Federation of Labor is the power of moral suasion. It is the united opin- ion 01 lour minion organizes wage earners that has weight and power. The American Federation of Labor has no power of compulsion either over its own affiliated membership or those outside its membership. It is believed by many that the American Federation of Labor orders strikes. This is not tlie case. The American Federation of Labor cannot order even one person to cease work. The state ment that the American Federation of Labor has no power of compulsion is absolute. There is no qualification whatever. It can say, through its con ventions, or through its Executive Council and its officers that certain policies or certain courses of conduct are advisable, but only as there is gen eral unity of opinion and the moral force of that unity of opinion is there any actual power to compel compliance. distinct. Local unions are composed of groups For this, the American trade-union of people working in the same trade, in movement is preliminary responsible, i tne same communities. These local America has no proletariat as Europe unions are affiliated into what are knows the proletariat. I known as city central bodies or city In the beginning, this was because (f central umor unions, ine city central the mnnner in wh eh our country was rettied and became or its boundless natural resources. It has remained r.o primarily because of the trade-union jmoviment. P'o. this, if for no other service, the trade-union movement of the United labor union is, thus, a representative organization composed of delegates from all the local unions in a citv. Bv the same process, state federations of labor are formed. In most cities, there are, in addition to the city central labor union, delegate bodies represent States is entitled to be ranked a one' in tne unions in specific branches of of the country's greatest assets, f not, Industry such as the building trades, Indeed, as the greatest asset of all. tne metal trades and the printing The growth of the trade-union move- trades. Through these representative anent has suhstantir.llv nnrailai...! ih community organizations, the Avacre irrowth of the machine or fnrt.rv crc. earners in each city are brought to- rlem. With the coming of uteam and fisher and are placed in a position to the subsequent coming of electricity act unitedly and intelligently for the and the use of these agencies of power conservation and advancement of their in the development of factory life, the own interests and for the consideration tendency of industry was to 'concen- of problems of all kinds relating to the -trate pppulations in small areas and llfe r tn.e municipality, the temlonrv of pmnlnvr ur.iu tn Irnsn1 International Scope. these concentrated populations, so far ,n addition to these representative as possile, at a mere substance lex el community organizations, there are of wages. , national and international unions. " ' . a. . ! ! 1 1 1 I most American unions nave auopieu the term "international" because their Unions Halt Class. iBut for the trade-union movement entering into modern industrial life, combating the even present tendency of employers toward a mere rubm tence wage, combating their tendency to retain the long employment day that had obtained prior to the develop ment of factory life, America would lave had a class as distinctly marked apart from the rest of society as any European country. The idea obtains to some extent that trade unions are merely organizations ' of aggression, that they are something in the nature of predatory bands formed to secure for their members such temporary advantage as may be membership extends into Canada and Mexico. National and international unions are formed by uniting all of the local unions in a given trade. Comparing the trade-union move ment with our political structure, the national and international unions really correspond to the departments of government The American Fed eration of Labor is. as its name im plies, a federation a federation of unions corresponding to the federation of states. It is an affiliation of na tional and international unions. In its annual conventions, these national and international unions - are entitled to vote in proportion to the membership TTn TTTk n nmn fnrvrrOvTVT (i When Life's shadows grow dim and the twi light of years settles upon us, the most com forting companion, the most dependable one to look to for cheer in our declining years is a substantial bank balance. We sometimes lose track of the fact that we can not always work as we do now. Many an old couple could be happier and far more comfortable today if just a little more foresight had been used in their younger days, and the savings habit had been start ed when money meant less to them than it does today. Start now to lay aside a little each' week to provide a competence for old age. A few cents a day will do it consider them spent foolishly if necessary, and you will be inde pendent and comfortable when the silver hairs come. Let us show you how easy it can be done. We Pay 5 Interest on Time Deposits ' , First National Bank v .' ..' ' . ... . . ; Alliance, Nebraska "Extra pants double the life of your suit. I will give extra pants ree until Christmas." Model Cleaners and Tailors. 103 Get your Tanlac where they've got it. F. E. Holsten. . 105 State Department of Health Issues Smallpox Warning The recent outbreak of a virulent type of smallpox at Kcnsas City has caused considerable alarm in Nebraska and other western states. H. H. 'Am ies of the state department of nuhlie welfare nas called the attention of Chief I. H. Dillon of the bureau of public health to tiie outbreak and has suggested that he be on tho lookout.' for any appearance of the Ji.e'iso in 1 Nebraska. I I Smallpox in recent years haj c.-me' to be much less feared, an I there 1 ! have been those .who said that the disease was not much worse than the vaccination as a preventive for it. In Kansas City, however, the smalloix is of the old type, with an extraordinar ily large number of fatalities, the dis ease resulting fatally in a third oi the cases. . Dr. Woolis, Burlington physician, furnishes the following extract irom a bulletin sent out to medical examiner for the road, which shows that an . ut break in Burlington territory is ex pected. The railroad offers to vac cinate employes free of charge. The bulletin reads as follov.'j: "Smallpox is again prevalent on oui lines. At Kansas City it has assumed virulent form and the death rate is about 33 1-3 per cent. Many people have been exposed, and we have reason ' to believe that there is ; omothin to fear from an outbreak. We will vac cinate any of our employes who !e.i e it, free of charge. I think it especial ly desirable that every one should be vaccinated who have not been success fully vaccinated within the past Jive years. There have been 245 cases in Kansas City with eighty-live deaths; only one had the disejue who had ever been vaccinated and that t no was vaccinated thirty-two years Lefore." Dr. Woolis states that there ore no cases among the Burlington employes in this district. Herald Want Ads are read. New potato sacks, in any quantity. O'Bannon & Neuswanger. 96tf :tnniiin;siiiitmttrt Extra Pants Free WITH ALL BIADE-TO-OIJDER SUITS $28.75 : $35 : $39.75 Don't Miss This Immense CHRISTMAS SALE Get an elegant suit tailored to your order, guaranteed to fit and please you in every respect at a remarkably low price and get an extra pair of pants free. Model Cleaners & Tailors Phone 18 203 Box Butte txtt iimmiiiiiinitm -rrTrr-rrri TREAD) -Sk lw1 THE American public knows that United States Tires are never marketed on "price." People look to the makers of U. S. Tires for quality traditions. They do, not want to see a policy of superiority nibbled away for the sake of a mere price appeal. So we say this to all those loyal followers of U. S. Tires- Do not buy the 30 x 3!2 "Usco" Tread because of its new price of $10.90. Buy it because it Prices on all U. S. Tires and Tubes Reduced Nov. 10 th. Ask your dealer. is the greatest money's worth on earth today. Buy it because of honest quality as against "bargain offers", "inside discounts" and "special trades." An outstanding product marked with the maker's name the retail price quoted in plain figures. A challenge to the tire-trader who would rather sell you an unknown tire on the basis of "so much off list" and let you find out its real value afterward. United States Rubber Company Titty-thr The Oldest and Largest fLubber Oruuimuttun Ut th World Two hundred and tturty-fiv branch 3