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n Wkt garth fhtte VOL. XI. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 4, 1895. NO: 1." HAPPY HEW YEAR TO ALL! We thank you for your liberal patronage during the year 1S94 and hope to merit and receive a good portion of your trade for 1895. Yours respectfully, JULIUS PIZER, The Boston Store. m first INTO PITH 35TO- 3496. National fiem PLi.TTE, NEB. Capital, -Surplus, - $50,000.00. - 22,500. CC E. M. F. LEFLANG, Pres't., EARNEST DAVIS, V. P., ARTHUR McNAMARA, Cashier. A General Banking Business Transacted. le Almighty Do Don't pay other people's debts. a. DAVIS Still Selling Is the ONLY Hardware Man in North Platte that NO ONE OWES. You will always find my price right. Yours for Business, A. L. DAVIS. DEADER IX Hardware, Tinware, Stoves, Sporting Goods, Etc. : Dr. N. McCABE, Prop. J. E. BUSH, Manager, NORTH PLATT1J PHARMACY, Successor to J. Q. Thacker. MOUTH: PLATTE, NEBRASKA, WE ATM.-TO HANDLE THE BEST GRADE OF GOODS, SELL THEM AT REASONABLE PRICES, AND WARRANT EVERYTHING AS REPRESENTED. Orders frgm the country an4 alPBg tfce lino of tue UnioD Pacific Railway Solicited. FINEST SAMPLE ROOM IN NORTH PLATTE Having refitted our rooms in the finest of style, the public 13 invited to call and see us, insuring courteous treatment. Finest Wines, Liquors and Cigars at the Bar. Our billiard hall is supplied with the best make of tables and competent 'attendants will supply all 'your 'wants. KEITH'S BLOCK, OPPOSITE THE UNIQN PACIFIC DEPQT Manderson's Irrigation Bill Following is the full text of Senator Manderson's irrigation bill introduced in tho senate, mention of which was made in tbeso columns a few days since: A bill granting to the state of Ne braska, for the irrigation and reclama tion of semi-arid lands, and for other purposes, the public lands in said slate: Be it enacted by the senate and. house of representatives of the United States of America in congress- assembled, that all public lands belonging to the United States situate in the state of Nebraska be, and the same are hereby, granted to the said state of Nebraska, for tho pur pose of aiding jn the irrigation and re clamation thereof, and of other semi-arid lands of said state, upon the following conditions namely: First -That such state shall proceed, without unnecessary delay, to divide its area into irrigation districts and to pro vide for the distribution of. surface and underground waters to said districte,and further, to engage in the actual work of reclaiming said lands by conducting water thereon, by the construction ot re quisite wells, canals, reservoirs and all other necessary irrigation works, so as to accomplish actual and successful culti vation nf agricultural products so far as such lands may be capable of reclama tion by a proper water supply; and s:iid state shall continuously engage in good faith, according to its ability, in the work of such irrigation and reclamation until tho whole area capable thereof shall have been reclaimed for the purpose aforesaid. Second, That if, at any time after the expiration of ten years from the date of this act, in the judgement of tho presi dent of the United States, said state is not proceeding or continuing in good faith with the work of irrigation or re clamation as herein provided, it shall be , lawful for him by publio proclamation to declare, and congress may thereupon de clare that the Uuited Stales resumes tb title to all of such lands hereby granted as shall then remain wholly unreclaimed or not disposed of by said state, for the purposo only of continuing tho work of suoh irrigation and reclamation, and for no other purposo whatever, the same to bo proceeded within such manner as congross may there after provide and determine, according to the jatonte and purposes of this act. : ' Third. That mid state mav lease or sell tiona of them as'may be necessary, for the purpose of raising the requisite funds to accomplish irrigation and reclamation. Provided, That said state may enact laws providing for tho sale of the neces-ary lands for town sites and for right of way purposes. Fourth, That when such lands, or any portion theroof,shall have been reclaimed and thereby made subject to agricultural use, the same shall be sold to actual set tiers only, in tracts qot exceeding 160 acres of irrigable land, in addition to which each settler shall be entitled to acquire by purchase nan-irrigahlo land to such an amount as will incroaso his holding t a total acreage of not more than (HO acres, all suuh entries of irri gable or other lands to bo made con formablo to legal subdivisions, such lands to bo sold to each seltler at tho prices and under such regulations as to entry and perfecting of title as shall bo fixed and provided by the state legisla ture; all irrigable lands to bo sold to such settlors at prices not exceeding the cost of reclaiming, and on such terms of payment a6 may bo prescribed by law, and non-irrigable lands taken by settlors to be rated at a price not oxceotjing 83.50 per acre. Fifth, That all lands not subject to ir rigation or reclamation and. useful only for pastoral purposes and not taken un der the foregoing provisions of this act, may be sold or leased by said state under such regulations and provisions as the legislature thereof may prescribe. Sec. 2 That full, accurate and de tailed reports of tho operations of said state shall bo made on or before tho first day of July in each and overy year, to the president of tho Uqitod States, through the governor thereof, who shall certify to the accuracy thereof and the president may from time to time demand such other and further reports thereon as in his judgment may be necessary and proper, and failure to make the re- parts nerein provided, or any of them, for six months after written demand thereof, shall be sufficient cause for (he proclamatioq by the president as pro vided in eeptjon one of this aot. Sec. S That all funds derived from the sale or lease of lands 6hall be prima rily devoted to the reclamation of lands susceptible of irrigation, and any unex pended residue shall be added to and be come a part of the permanent school fund of tho said state; and such funds shall not be expended or disposed of in any other manner. Sec. 4 That upon the acceptance by the legislature of said state of Nebraska of the terms, conditions and provisions of this act the came shall become opera live in said state, and ereupon,1 ancl from the gate of scji acpepWnce,nilaws and partB of lws inconsistent with the terms of this act shall be come inopera tive in said state. Provided, That any andalLcIaims heretofore initiated un der the land laws of the United States shall be perfected thereunder by com pliance with the terms thereof; all lands, however, tho claims to which shall bo defeated because of noncompliance with law, shall revert to ancT-vest in the said state under the provisions of this act. Sec. 5 That-upon tho acceptance of this act by said state of Nebraska, and from time to time thereafter as occasion may require, it shall be the duty of the secretary of tho interior, at the expense of the United States, lo cause to be de livered to the propor authorities of said state all maps, records, books and papers, or certified copies thereof, in case it may be neco.-sary to retain tho originals in the general land office, which may b necessary to said state for tho proper control, adminstration anil disposition of such lands. Sec. 6 That upon the acceptance of this act by said state of Nebraska, in the manner prescribed by section four hore of, this act and tho act of acceptance thereof shall become binding upon the United Slates and said state; and this act and such acceptance thereof shall not be altered, amended or repealed in any manner except upon tho mutual consent of tho United States and of said state, expressed through acts of the leg islature thereof, and through congress. WE PAY CASH 100 CENTS ON THE DOLLAR AND SELL CHEAPER THAN ANY HOUSE IN THE CITY. EEMIE'S SLAUGHTER SALE-1895. THE NEW TARIFF On' All Imported Woolen Goods and Silks IS IN OPERATION JANUARY 1ST. must close out our stock of nice lino goods and make room for our new stock under the new tariff regulations. : : : $1.75 Silk Henrietta at $1.10; $1.50 Silk Henrietta at 85 cts.: $1.00 Henrietta at 65 cts.: S1.23 Bedford Cords nr. S3 cents: $1-25 I rench Serges at 85 cts.; $1.00 French Serges at G5 cts.; all wool li yd. wide $1.25 Broad Cloth at 7d cts.; 6d ct Flannels. 46 in. wide at 50 cts. : : : In our Shoe department we offer the choicest line in the west. C. D. and E. widths, in fine new goods. : : : Call and see for yourself the Wonderful Bargains at Kennies for January and February in 1S'5- : : Amoskeag Ginghams at 5 cts. per yard. Lawrence LL Muslin at 4 "cts. per yard, Lonsdale Muslin at 6 cts. per vard. at RENNIE'S. The Sugar Beet in Agriculture. Tho following papor on "Tho Sugar Beet in Agriculture" was read before the Nebraska Improved Stook Breeders' a-sociation at Columbus by R. M. Allen general manager of tho Standard Cattle company's feeding station at Ames: Tho place of a paper under this title in a meeting of a live stock association is not at first sight clear, but.it becomes so upon investigation, as tho beets, and the pulp resulting therefrom, will cheapen the cost of making beef and mutton for those who feed them. Tho great im portance of the sugar boet as one of our principal products ot agriculture isoft-n insisted upon, but the degree of its im portance is not by any means appreciated until one makes a stidy of it. It is also necessary future to thbr t. to look fcoracwhat into the law?' iae why it is so larger field fice-My- self to the'dietrict between the Rockies and the Missouri, and north of the south ern bortk. of Kansas. The most im portant gain in th future for this section of te country will ba t!io extension of irrigation iuto a country much -farther east than has hitherto been considered necessary. This is already considered, and will doubtless take place. It often seems strange to mo that many farmers do not appear to realize the importance of tho largest possible yield on their laud. The cost of raising any crop varies very little year by year per acre, but by doubling tho product tho eo6t per bushel is divided in two. This proposition is certainly simple enough, but the opportunities for apply ing it iu practice aro commonly ignored. There is every prospect that tho ten dency toward low prices on tho common products of agriculture will bo main tained. The reverse of this has been ably argued by such men as C. Wood Davis of Kansas; but I fail to see any promise myself of higher prices -of wheat, for instance Corn, of course, is different, as it is ;i production practically confined, tp the United States, and its surplus production is in seven or eight states iq our own country. Corn, there fore, fluctuates considerably in price. Still, it is safe to say that wo must ex pect to hold our own by tho energy or our work and the volume of our yield, and not by tho price that we can expect in the future. The further application of irrigation in the country I speak of. therefore, is the most important advanco that we can expect. I have, no idra myself of the possible acreage that can be irrigated in Nebraska, but I have no doubt that eventually It will greatly exceed any expectations that wo have to-day. Irri gation will make, ordinary crops a cer tainty, and will partial.- solve the prob lem of retaining fertility in thesoil,which must be entirely accomplished in oiher ways. The culture an,d manufacture of the sugar beet, withqut any question, is the only branch that can possibly be added to our agriculture which can bring us vastly moro prosperity than anything else. I am obliged to put this somewhat in the form of an assertion, which I can only partially prove; but like many other matters in which we have a conviction based on considerable study, I feel able to assert it as I could not about any other branch of agriculture. In view of the probable increased yield of wheat in Russia, where it is now only seven bushels an acre, and of the in- creased yields in other countries, like the t ... tf- Argentine Republic or Iqdia, it is clear that we rnust make oqr wheat cost less if we wish to continue to raise a surplus to sail. And this leads us to the inquiry of the desirability of raising a surplus of a product that has now reached tho lowest price in history. Whatever crops we may find in the future to ho the most profitablo for us to raise, we may be certain that we can only retain our hold on tho markets of tho world at a suf ficient margin of profit to protect the civilization and happiness of our people by a continuous improvement of agri culture. In tho eastern part of this state, there aro doubtless largo numbers of farmers who obtain very rich land at a nominal price, and who have, previous to the present time, accumulated a comfortable fortune. There aro largo numbers of such people who perhaps are not so much in need of an improvementof agriculture as tho millions who aro to come in the future through our increase of popula tiou. And in two-thirds of the district 1 speak of, in all that part lying at an clovation of 2,000 feet, or oven le33, 1 be hove it to bo necessary to employ energj and foresight to provide for their happi ness aud welfare. Such a careless system of agriculture as wo have to-day cannot support large numbors of people without danger of famine. Witness the experience of tho early daya of July, 1890, in its effect -on the crops of the district I speak of, and imagine vhat the consequences would tiSeWliad-thfr population :been really dense in tho western two-thirds of Nebraska and Kansas. Disgusted set tlers flocked out of the s-tato by thous ands in tho fall of 1890, aud I remember one man from Furnas county who told me that he had not raised a satisfactory crop for six ears. It may bo said that it is not desirable to have a very dense population, but I believo that a moderate aud natural in crease will bring a population which we cannot take caro of at certain timeB without new means of protection against failure of crops. As I said, irrigation will be adopted, and will bo the most important means of such protection; and after that I believo that tho culture of the sugar beet and its manufacture into 6ugar will increase and promote tho prosperity of tho agriculture of the state more than anything elso can do. The culturo of the sugar beet is tho very reverse of the present careless methods of growing corn, and in every possible way is bound to havo a mast favorable i effect on the welfare of any people who practice it. It will reduce tho size of the farm to twenty or ten acros, and sottlo the question of what the farmers' ons ought to do when they wish to start in tho world for themselves. Careful, precise and thorough methods of farm ing will, of necessity, bo adopted by all, and it will lead thousands to an earnest ness of application to business which they have never used befpre. Many young men from "Ur 6tate university can lind occupaaion as chemists and practical manufacturers. Every kind of business and profession will be greatly promoted. It must not bo supposed that uniform success in beet culturo will.be reached in different localities, altitudes aqd soil, aud we must expect to see tho failure of a great many schemes undertaken by irresponsiple promoters without suffici ent means of knowledge to put them through. It is very muoh to be regretted tha this is so, and possibly tho real difficulties for there are real difllculties of putting a factory and adjacent land into successful operation will keep away incompeteut persons, who are not only likely to lose their own and their friends' money, but to retard the advanco of. th industry itself. I suspect th,a a great many farmers iq this state who have undertaken the culture of the sugar beet have expected to find in it a crop that would yield more money with less effort. Nothing can be a greater mistako than to suppose that sugar beets caa be raised with less effort than other qropg. It requires oq the contrary, far more care, labor and intel ligence to make a success of it, and all those persons who are looking for an easy path through this world had better leave it strictly alone. Those who are willing to work, havo capacity to manage aud who aro willing to take all tho pains it requires, will find that ou good Boil they can realize a net profit per acre that is several times greater than they will ever bo able to reach with any other crop. Tho farmers of Nebraska owning land to day suitable for the culturo of beets will be able, in such districts as tho in dustry may be established, to realize several times tho net proCt they make in operating a farm to, by renting their land to other persons to oporato while they tako their ease, if it iB moro agree ablo to them not to work at all; or, in other words, farmers owning such land will simply becomo possessed of a hand some property in the course of 6ay ten or fifteen years by the raise in value of their land. I do cot question at all th.it ijood beet land in this section will reach a value of 8150 to S200 per aero in that length of time, providing tho industry s'eadily rows. There is no reason why should seem an oxtravagant expectation, simply becauso we aro used lower values of land in the irreat corn state, for as high values aro reached in potato cul ture in Colorado to day, and greatly ox ceeded in fruit culturo in California. I m informed that the late sales of land by Mr. Gird of Chino have averaged 8145 per acre. Coming how to tho question of feeding live stock (m order that you may not feel that you havo been tricked into a lecture by an enthusiast on beets) I havo very often been asked tho value of beet pulp as compared with com. I always feel that it is a mistake for auy ono to suppose that a question of this kind cau o answered with precision. A similar question is often asked in tho caso of cotton-seed cake, for instanco, tho deal ers of which accordingly claim that ono bushel of cotton-seed cake is equal to three bushels of com. Tho charactor of tho animal who eats tho feed has so large an effect on tho results reached that I do not believe it is possible to ex press these comparative values in figures especially as thesu feed stuffs should bo mixed with each other in order to pro serve a proper chemical proportion. However, we can easily estimate from tables tho actual quantity of digcstiblo nutriments contained in 100 pounds of any kind of food. On this basis 100 pounds of corn contains of digcstiblo nutriments 74.3 pounds, and 100 iounds of boot pulp of digestible nutriments 5.12 pounds and, therefore, on this basis, 100 pounds of corn is worth 1,451 pounds of beet pulp. But probable that 100 pounds of beet pulp may havo moro than tho feeding value oxpressed in these figures, as it is possible that tho animals will storo away some of tho water in tho tissues, tnus adding totho weight of the animal in tho samo way as the storing away of digestible nutri ments. There is no doubt that beet pulp is a valuable addition to tho feed stuffs of any country. Tho great advantago of Nebraska as a stock feeding country to day is in tho tho low price of hay, in which articlo of food alone I think that wo have an ad vantago nearly sufficient to overcome our disadvantage in distance of traus Continued on Second page. A Temple of Art. Not for a Day but for all Time. Memories of the White City are fading' all but one. Majestic in its beauty the Palace of Art survives to remind mankind of wonders departed. Triumphant over fire and tempest the stately structure stands beside the lake dedicated forever to the service of the people. As a gallery of paint ing and sculpture it surprised and. delighted the nations. As the Field's Columbian Museum it will entertain and instruct multitudes in the ages to come. A World's Fair in miniature is the museum to-day. While it lasts the public will have before them a vivid re minder of the greater exposition of 1893. It will bring- back the vast panorama of splendid exhibits including- the fine showing made by Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder The analysis of Dr. Price's by government experts demonstrated its immeasurable superiority in leavcnm" strength, purity and general excellence and gained for it the Highest Award at the Fair.