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TO DEVELOP A PLUMP NECK.
To 1111 tho troublesome hollows on each sldo of tho collarbono a system of deep breathing Is Invaluable. Tnko a deep breath, hold it as long as pos sible, nnd then exhale It very slowly. Repent this ten times. Do this twice a day. As It Is absolutely essential that tho muscles should be developed, tho fol lowing exercises must become n part of one's dally routine: 1. Slowly bend the bond forward till tho chin touches tho nsck. Then raise it very gradually. U. Slowly bond tho head backwards and rniso It ngaln. 3. Bend sideways to the right and left. All theso movements should bo re peated ten or fifteen times; 'and when you have dono this you will feel that overy muscle In your throat nnd neck is aching. Then batho the throat nnd neck in hot wntcr. Dry thoroughly, and woll massage In any good cold croam, rubbing it in with tho tips of tho fingers, till tho skin hns absorbed it all nnd your neck is in a glow. With a soft rag or towel wipe oft any cream that may remain. Tho massaging should bo dono with a rotnry motion. Now dampen n soft rag or spongo, moisten tho throat and neck with benzoin and roso water, which "Is a skin tonic; nnd helps to close tho pores, and so prevents dirt from entering. In tho morning wash with warm water and a good soap or almond meal, rinsing and thoroughly bathing iftcrwards with tho very coldest water you can get. It is also well to add lavender wntcr or toilet vinegar to tho water. Then, before llnlshlng dressing, go through tho c.xcrclso the Bame way as you did tho previous evening. Eat plain and nourishing food, avoiding pastry, cako and highly sea soned food. Drink plenty of hot water. It clears tho blood and Im proves tho complexion. MaKo a compnet with yourself that you will follow this treatment for six weeks. Dy this tlmo you will bo so pleased with tho Improvement thnt you will have no temptation to abandon it. COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE. There Is Quito an Interesting nnd little-known history connected with tho introduction of leap year. In 1288, when Queen Margaret reigned over Scotland, this gracious lady decreed that during her reign every maiden in her realm, whether of high or low de grco, should propose to tho man that sho loved; that if thnt man were not betrothed already ho must either wed tho maid or pay n heavy fine. On tho death of Queen Mnrgnrot tho women were urgent In their demands that their now privileges should bo continued. To appease them an act of parliament was passed which made it lawful for maidens to do tho propos ing overy leap year. Not all tho romantic idens of our ancestors have been thus perpetuated and comparatively fow woro trans ferred by our Pilgrim fathers across tho Atlantic. For instnnco, in tho good old days It was tho custom in many towns and oven villages in England to own a houso whore poor couples, nftor they had been wedded In church, could entertain their friends at small cost, the only outlay indeed being entailed by tho purchaso of such provisions ns they chose to bring with thorn. In Hertfordshire thero was such a houso, which had n largo kitchen with a cauldron, largo Bplts and u dripping pan; also a largo room for merriment and n furnished boudoir. DIbIics, table linen nnd bed linen were among Its possessions. In Essex thero was a houso very much Hko this, which was used by tho poorer folks for dining In after they had returned from tho church. In somo of tho old English histories one may read that in 1150 Roger Thornton granted to tho mayor and community of Nowcastlo-upon-Tyno tho uso of tho hall and kitchen bolonglng to Thornton's hospital for tho uso of young couples "when thoy woro married to mnko their wedding dinner In nnd rccolvo tho offerings and gifts of their friends." At Hnmelln Mioro still- exists n largo building which is known ns tho wedding houso. It was erected during tho second deendo of tho seventeenth century. Appreciated the I'lny. Tho following is from an essay writ ton by h schoolboy, aged 10, on a nl.vr bo had been to nco: "Tho villun curled his mustarsch and scczlng tho puro vur gln shreokB ha ha mino or deaths bind Is on my head this dnggcr stabs thee to thy utermost solo ha ha ven gunzo. But tho good hero comes nnd snys O hevlns hovlns stur won step and thy ded body lies nt my door. Lay won parm on tho vurglns korpso nnd It wns better If you was drownod with n mill stone. Avarnt nvarnt from tho sweot korpscs prcsunz." POKER IN THE FAMILY. Slurried Couplo Knjor tlio (Initio mid St Contn Thrill Utile. It Is but a fow years since women were supposed to know nothing about tho great American game of draw poker. Tho samo supposition would not hold good today, for poker has become one of tho standard games In society nnd both sexes nre playing It; if anything, the women with moro avidity than the men. In family pnr tles, It Is true, tho game Is sometimes played just for fun, but generally for small stakes. Perhaps the most satis factory mot hod Is that devised by sev eral young married couples living on tho west side, who get together onco or twlco a week to play poker. Thoy play a "dollar limit" gamo, but this is not so flerco as it sounds, for all of tho chips nre bought for 10 conts on tho dollar. They maintain that It sounds much better to raise tho oponor of n pot "n dollar" than It would to rniso him "10 conts," and that by mag nifying tho value of their chips tliey play a much hotter gamo of pokor. Rut this is only ono fcaturo of this romarkablo game. They wanted to keep It on tho "friendly" basis, and felt that It the Smiths went homo from thp Browr.a flat two or three nights In succession with all the Drowns' money, friendly relations might bo como strained, as they say In diplo matic circles. This schema thoy de vised: Tho club has a hanker. Tho losors always pny their losses, but tho winners never collect their winnings. The winnings aro rotalned by tho banker, and after six or eight evenings of poker ho Is generally nblo to nn nounco that ho has $50 In tho treasury. Then tho elub tako3 n voto on what to do with It. If It Is In tho wintor It is generally a thenter party, with n supper afterward, all tho exponses being paid from the banker's fund. In summor It is n trip to somo near-by summer resort. All tho participants In the gnmo declare It hns furnished thorn with many a delightful evening nnd that tho "monoy Is never missed." Bone nt tho Sl.lrt. Looking over his letters ono morn ing, Mark Lemon, then tho editor of Punch, opened nn envelope enclosing n poem which tho writer said had been rejected by three contemporaries. If not thought available for Punch, ho begged tho editor, whom ho know but slightly, to consign It to tho wasto papcr basket, as the author was tired of tho sight of It. Tho poem was signed "Tom Hood," tho lines woro en titled "Tho Song of tho Shirt." Tho poem wns nltogcthor different from nnythlng that had over appeared In Punch, and wns so much out of keeping with tho spirit of tho periodical that Its publication was opposed by several members of tho staff. Mark Lemon wns so flrmly Impressed not only with the beauty of the poem, but with Its suitability for his paper, that ho stood by his first decision nnd published it. Dy a letter written by Tom Hood to Mark Lomon, It nppenrs that tho ques tion of illustrating tho poem wus en tortalncd and discussed. Tho lines, howover, wero published without Illus tration, except that humorous border of grotesque figures which mndo up "Punch's Procession" on Dec. 1G, 1843. "Tho Song of tho Shirt" trebled tho snlo of tho papor, and croatcd a pro- found sensation throughout Great Britain nt tho tlmo. Aniorlruii Ship Namoi, Tho Pall Mall Gazotto approves tho American system of naming ships of war ns bettor thnn tho English. Tho mngnlllcent class, for Instance, con tains not only n Mnjestlc and n Vic torious, but ulso a Caesar and n Han nibal. Tho Gazette, therefore ndvo cates copying our method of giving tho nnmo of a stato to n battleship, tho nnmo of a largo city to a first-class cruiser, of a smallor city to a second class cruiser, and of a naval hero to a torpedo boat. This method reveals by tho namo tho class to which any ship bolongs. Tho great divisions of the British Emplro, Asln, Africa, America, India, etc., would furnish tho names for tho largest battleships. Then thero might bo nn Irish class tho Iroland, Donegal, Limerick, Connaught, Ulster, Munster, Tyrono and so on. Next would como tho names of tho counties of England, .and wo should hear of tho Northumberland, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Sussex, Kent and other. And how flno would bo tho nnmcs of n lot of flrst-clnBs cruisers called nttcr tho great cities of tho cmplro Lon don, Liverpool, Edinburgh, Melbourne, Singapore nnd Calcutta. CAPTURED PEDRO AT WHIST. Wouum' Memory I.iiptrd ami Htm Took Two I'Ito 'jpot. i This is what a Detroit whist plnyoi Is willing to tnko oath took plnco nt n pnrty whero ho wns doing his level best for a prize. A largo lady, his partner, gave tho right slccvo of her shirt wnlBt n hitch, muttered tinder her breath and then said to tho other lady: "Look at thnt, now. It's all nskow nnd so annoying, I don't caro who you go to or how much you pay, lt'B always tho same. Did you signal for trumps, or wns it tho other hand?" "That sloovo cost us threo tricks," continued tho complainant. "Then tho other lady wanted n rcclpo for making chow chow, plccallly or something of that sort. Of course, my uccommodatlng partner went right to reeling It off, played n king to my nco whon sho hnd n three-spot, revoked on another suit, led right Into tho enemies strength, nnd then hnd tho nerve to ask mo If I saw nnywhero that she could havo bettered her piny. I wanted to boll her In oil. I tried to keep from turning rod, snylng nnythlng sarcnstlc, or swearing n llttlo, and succeeded rea sonably well. Then she went to tolling about a new hat her neighbor had bought. Sho took two five-spots at a henvy cost, and then consoled mo with tho half-screaming explanation that sho had been plnylng pedro tho night before und had lapsed Into it ngaln without thinking. I novcr behaved hotter In my life, feigned sudden 111 ness, got nwny and mndo things bluo for two blocks. After I wns gono sho told tho opposition thnt I played n very stupid game." Detroit Frco Press. Infrrtltin from Itnsr. Unapt, The board of health of Nowton, Mass., has Issued n now regulation pro hibiting throwing rngs In hoaps in tho cellars of houses. The board claims that much dlscaso Is bred by rags left about tho cellnrs of houses. In sovoral houses whero thero has bosn sickness of a contagious nntnro rags havo boon found in various parts of tho house, and especially In tho collar. Whero found thoy havo boon burned. Instruction In old nnd mlddlo Irish has been given nt Harvard for three years, and thero will be nn additional course this year In curly Welsh, MAKING THE OCEANS. GREAT DESERTS WILL YET BE FLOODED. How a Ciirlotm T.r of Nature Work Out I lie i:ml of ttie Next Century Wilt 1'robnblr Hto llio Urent Snlinrn Boo. I-ondon Mail: Fow persons renllzo how completely of Into yonrs tho sur faco aspect of this woazonod old globo of ours hns been nltered nnd improved. Tho world of today, In fact, differs from tho world of 6ur nnccstors, much ns n 8ocIety lndy, In nil tho glory of fold nnd frill nnd furbelow, differs from hor snvngo Bister running wild in pestilential woods. As art has trans formed tho ono, so it hns tho other. Only tho "Mine. Rnchaol" who has mndo tho earth, If not oxnetly "boautl- ful foievor," at least a pleasant nnd healthful plnco wherein to dwell. Is no chnrlntnn with n dray-load of cosmetics nnd n glib tongue, but n civil engineer, owning nothing moro harmful than a fow mysterious-looking Instruments and a measuring tape. And tho mnr- vel of It nil Is this that what has boon dono Is but nn Inunltostmnl fraction of Hint which may, and doubtless will, bo dono. Who can doubt, for Instance, that tho groat Sahara desert that molo upon tho world s face will ono day bo but n momory? It was nn Inland nca onco. It would not bo n very dldlcult matter to convort It Into ono ngnln. A canal sixty miles long, connecting with tho Atlantic tho vast depression which runs closo up to tlio coast nearly midway botweon tho twentieth and thirtieth parallels of latitude would do tho buslnoss beautifully. Tho water would not, of course, cover tho entire Btirfnco of tho desert. Hero and there nro portions lying nbovo sea level. Theso would become tho Islands of tho new Saharn ocean. Whnt would bo tho results thnt would onsuo upon this stupendous transformation? Somo would bo good, nnd somo bad. Among the lnttor may bo mentioned tho prob nblo destruction of tho vineyards of southern Europe, which depend for their existence upon tho warm, dry winds from tho great African desert As somo compensation for this, how- ovor, tho mercantile mnrlncs of tho na tions affected would bo enabled to gain immediate nnd onsy access to vast regions now given over to bar barism, and n series of moro or loss flourishing seaport towns would spring up along tho southern bordors of Morocco and Algeria, whore tho west orn watershed of tho Nllo sinks Into tho desert, nnd on tho northern fron tlor of tho Congo Freo stnto. In a Blmilar mnnncr tho greater portion of tho central Australian desert, covering nn nroa of fully 1,000,000 squnro miles, might ho flooded. Tho Islnnd continent would then bo converted Into n gigantic oval dish', of which tho depressed cen tral portion would bo covered with water, nnd only tho "rim" inhabited. BOYS WHO BECAME FAMOUS. In Sweden n boy foil out of n win dow nnd wits picked up sovorcly hurt, hut with tightened Hps ho kept bnck the cry of pain. King anstavus Adol phtiB, who saw tho accident, prophe sied that tho boy who had such self control would mnko a man for emer gencies. Ho wns right, for tho lad bo camo tho famous Gen. Bauer. An Italian woman fell into n doclc nnd would. havo been drownod but for tho courngo of u boy who sprang In after her nnd managed to koep hor nfloat till n boat camo to tho rescue Tho spectators admired tho boy's promptness and kindness of heart, but commented on hls'rccklcssncBS, which, they said, might havo cost him his life. Tho boy was Garibaldi, nnd In consid ering his llfo ono finds that theso woro his characteristics nil through. Ho wns so nlort thnt no ono could toll when ho would mnko nn attack with his red-ahirtcd soldiers; so bravo and magnanimous thut tho world rang with his praises; nnd wlthnl so Indis creet as to mako his fellow-patriots wish ho wero In Qulneu. A llttlo boy used to crush flowers to obtain their color, and would then paint nil sorts of pictures on tho whlto wnlls of his fnthor's cottage In tho Ty rol. Ho beenmo known to tho world later on as tho great artist Titian. 11(1 Hllll 'III! From tho Argonaut: A grand wed ding wns bolng solemnized nt St. Ro tor's, Eaton square, London. On each sldo of tho strip of carpet that ox tended from tho church door to tho curb wns a crowd of peoplo watching tho guests nrrlvo. In tho wako of a procession of cqulpngcs of the most uristocrntlc nnd woll nppolntod char actor camo a four-wheeled cab, dingy and dlsroputnblo beyond belief. "Hero, hero!" shouted tho policeman In charge, "you can't stop hero! Wo'ro waiting for tho bishop of ." Tho cabman rogartlod tho ofllcer with a tri umphant lcor, ns ho climbed down from his scat and throw n ragged hlankot over his skoloton steed. "It's nil right, guv'nor," ho said, "I vo got tho old buffer Inside!" Ilullt Mm Wall in l'er Iimtruntlona. Anxious to proscrvo tho famous 4astlo of tho O'Nollls, on tho Cus tlcrcugh hills, near Ilolffast, tho Into Marquis of Downshlre directed his land &toward to havo n wall built around tho undent und historic fortress. Tho ordor was carried out nnd n largo cir cular wall waa built around tho npex of tho hill. Tho marquis wns informed that tho work was dono, nnd ho rodo out to bco how tho ruins lookod. Ho found tho wall, but no cnstlo. Tho contractor had utilized tho ruins of tho tastlo to build tho prosorvlng wall. FROM DRAIN TO HAND. How Htnndnrd Time I Secured Tlio fraction it Time I.ott. 'I .rend nn Interesting nrtlclo tho other day on how Btnudnrd tlmo Is secured," said n Now Orleans collcgo srofessor, "but it omitted ono import ant point which was explained to mo by a member of tho Smithsonian staff tho last tlmo I wns in Wnshlngton. Tho tlmo observations nt th6 different obscrvntorics, by which tho standard Is established, aro taken by noting tho exact lnstnnt nt which somo certain designated star crosses n lino on tho object ginss of tho telescope. Tho in strument Is pointed nt tho star, nnd nB soon ns It touches tho lino the ob server pncsBcs n button that makes a mark on tho olowly rovolvlng cylinder. Tho cylinder Is divided Into spaces corresponding to minutes nnd seconds, and tho mark consequently Indicates tho precise fraction of tlmo at which tho stnr nrrlved nt a given plnco J n tho sky. How that is checked ngalnst other observations, taken at different localities in oxnetly tho samo way, nnd forniB tho bnslB of n cnlculatlon by which tho chronometers of tho world nro ndjusted, is Bomthlng I won't nt- tctnpt to oxplnln. Tho point I hnd in mind Is this: Tho pressing of tho button- nnd making tho mnrk on tho cylin der Is theoretically lnstnntnnqous, but really u Isn't. Between tho Instant thnt tho observer sees tho stnr touch tho lino nnd tho instant that his fin ger pushes tho button Is n briof Inpso of tlmo consumed by tho transit of tho Impulso from his brnln to his hnnd. To tho non-sclentlllc man It would seem absurd to tnko nccount of such Inflnltcslmnt lntervnls, but In dollcnto calculations thoy nro highly Import nnt. Not long ngo nn Instrument was built that records tho exact speed of brnln Impulso in different people. Tho Biibjcct la told to profls a button ns soon as n figure nppenrB on a dial, and It tnkes tho nvorngo person noarly half a second to do so. Thnt lntorvnl, ro qulrcd by tho nerves to do their tolo graphlng from tho oyo to tho finger tip Is now tnken Into consideration in mnklng tho computations for stnndnrd tlmo. Ily falling to nllow for It In tho past, tho chronometers hnvo boon In error from five to ten Boconds n year. Tho detail Is curiously Impressive, be- cnuso It shows whnt extraordinary pains nro taken to sccuro nbsoluto ac curacy. -Now Orleans Tlmcs-Dcmo- crnt. An Wo n (Hooray Nation? What is tho matter with tho peoplo In our Btroots? Do you notice how gloomy nil tholr faces nro? Should you see n man or woman smiling or Inughlng on n Now York sldownlk you would probably say to yourself: "I wondor whnt Is wrong with that por- son." Such lnughtor ns ono bears 1b usually nrouscd by tho quotation of somo moro or less stupid Jolto, or moro frequently by n mlsfortuno thnt has befallen n follow croaturo. If n man Blips on n cornor, falls or bumps his head, thnt becomes for tho tlmo bolng a cheerful cornor In Now York. Dut wo don't seem to be nblo to find any cntiBo for cheortulness In bright sun light, or bluo Bklcs, or any of tho other llttlo blessings which Provldonco be stows upon us. Whnt Is tho matter with us? Thoro is plenty of gnyoty in Franco, in Germany, in Italy. Thoro is ovon n llttlo In England. Why should this nation bo so gloomy? Do wo llvo too fast, work too hard? Whnt Is it? If wo keep tip our gloominess shall wo not bo n very ugly rnco in a fow moro generations? Lot us try to cheer up nnd ho gay. This is not such n hnd world nftcr nil. Wo nro not nil of us stnrvlng to death or in danger of bolng cnton by plutocratic octopusca. New York Journal. Nolty I'ojr. A dear old lady from tho country went to London to visit her marrlod daughter, and camo back with wonder ful experiences. London did not show its best fnco to tho slmplo country woman. It was onvoloped in fog dur ing tho first two or threo days of her visit, and as hor bedroom looked out upon tho railway, sho was troublod by tho very nccessnry nolso of tho fog slgnnl. Sho camo down to broakfnst aftor hor first restless night, nnd anxiously Inquired tho cause of tho Btrango bnnglng sho had hoard so ofton during tho hours of darknoss. "Oh, that was duo to tho fog," explained hor son-in-law, and ns sho asked no further question ho lot tho subject drop. Her visit over, tho good woman returned to tho country, full of tho wbndorful sights nnd sounds of coun try llfo, "Did you seo n Lonncn fog, granny?" asked ono of her llstonors, ns granny oxpatlatcd on tho strange ness of tho great city. "Ay, that I did," replied granny; "nnd I honrd 'tin, too!" "Hoard 'tin, granny?" oxclnlmed nnother llstenor. "How didst hoar a fog?" "Why," answered tho old lady, In perfect sincerity, "Lonnon fog batnt 111(0 ours. Every now and thon It goo3 off wl' a rnro bang." Kiirtli Hlilvurlnc nnd Kurtliiimkn Kclioe In tho roport of tho solsmologlcnl commltteo presented to tho moteoro loglcnl section of tho British associa tion, Prof. Milne says mlnuto shlvor Ings of tho earth recur on tho nvorngo every half hour, but tho heavy breathings or truo ground swell does not occur oftoner thnn nbout onco n week. Tho mlnuto BhlvnrliiKS nnd tho larger dis turbances nro proporly both earth quakes, but thoy dlffor In tholr char fictor, In tholr duration, nnd, ns thoy rndlato, tholr llfo becomes less. An carthquako disturbance is ofton fol lowed by ropotltlous ut doflnlto Inter vals, but with decreasing intensity. Theso rythmical decreasing ircpulsoa aro provisionally tormod edicts.