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mi GREAT AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS. QL'EER REFORM PRACTICES. CIIUECII AND TAIilLT. A DIG QUN TO UE SPIKED THIS YEAR. I 111 v Ex-Qovornor McOorklo Says It Is Deoid cdly for Expansion. PHILIPPINES rUItNISII A KEY Islands Opon the Door to Trutlo In tlio Orient China tlio Urontcst Field for Commercial Conquest, nml United Shite Mnat Improve Iter Oopportunlty NEWARK, N. J., Jnn. 18. The thir teenth nnnual dinner of tho board of trndo wns held tonight. Among those In attendnnco wero Governor Voor licea, Mayor Seymour and Congressman W. P. Hepburn, R. WajMo Parker and Charles N. Fowler. One of tho guests of hefaor was ex-Governor William A. McCorklo of West Virginia, who spoko upon the topic "Tho Attitude of tho Progressive South In Promoting tho Country's Forclgu Trade." Ho said In part: "Tho first question of nbsoluto Im portance today to tho north Is tho mat ter of foreign markets. It is supremo In Its Importance to tho whole people. Wo cannot longer llvo within ourselves and such Is tho situation that, If tho Amorlcan people proposo to assumo tho required position In tho great for eign trade, they must grnsp theso mar kets. "First, of critical Importance, Is tho market of tho empire of China. This Is tho market for which Russia, Ger many, Great Britain and France, with all their energies, are contending. Hero Is the most Important mnrkct of tho globo. Today, without organized ef fort, wo sell them $25,000,000 per year, nnd within a short time wo will make H $76,000,000. This means much to you. Tho mind can scarcely grasp our Inter est in an cmplro of 4,000,000 square miles, Inhabited by an energetic people just opening their eyes to civilization Within a short tlmo In this now terrl tory tho American locomotive has un' dersold thoso of every other country, and this year China has purchased from you and tho south about $11,000, 000 of cotton. Hero is fnst develop ing tho great cotton market of tho world. Theso people need everything wo manufacture. Already wo havo built up a great trade In cottons, ma chlnery, leather goods, electric goods, chemicals, railroad equipment, tools, hardwaro and tho general products of our workshops. At tho present rate of progress, our tratlo with China will, In fifteen years, bo'tho most Important of any trado in tho world. Wc demand a vigorous policy which will bo perma nent In Its effects, under which tho rights of this country will bo pre served, and under which the markets of China shall not bo turned over to European nations as their own oxclu slvo property, but shall bo held nllko on terms of absolute equality for the citizens of the United States. PHILIPPINE ISLANDS THE KEY. "Now, sir, wo arc faco to faco with tbo great question, how shall wo keep open to our country tho door of the great Chlneso nnd eastern markets? There Is but one door for us nnd thnt Is through tho Philippine Islands. Hero is tho real strategical and commercial position of tho east. Every eastern mnrkct can bo reached far moro easily through theso islands than from nny other position. Shanghai and Hong Kong, through which cities England has established her great trade, offer no such position for commercial sue cess as do tho Philippines. It gives control of tho great northern and cen tral coast of China, with Its teeming, activo population. They put us in n position to grasp through them tho markets of Japan, with its 40,000,000 of energetic people and its annual trade of $250,000,000. Tho great coaBt lino of tho Philippine Islands of 800 miles practically dominates tho northern coast of China, capable of a foreign trado of a billion dollars per year, Without our position In tho Philip pines, our commercial treaties with China would bo valueless, and upon our withdrawal from theso Islands, tho Chlneso cmplro would not last month, and Its rich markets would for over bo lost to tho peoplo of this coun try. Many who oppose our retaining an Interest In these islands seem to imply that our retention of them is for tho purposo alone of establishing n tyranny over tho Inhabitants. I find thnt thoughtful men are in favor of establishing tho Jurisdiction of our gov ernment, giving tho Filipinos full con trol of their local affairs when they are nbltf to manage them, and allowing them tho highest measure of liberty, such liberty as thoy havo never en Joyed, nnd such as they never will enjoy If tho flag should bo removed therefrom. To leave tho Islands Is to ' turn them over to anarchy. "Now, as to tho position of the south on this last great question. What has been her tradition? Those who sug gest that tho south has been ultra con servative as to tho widening of tho sphoro of this country's inlluonco do not know her traditions. As to h?r action In tho future I confidently refer you to hor past. "Corea, Slam, China, Philippine isl ands, Japan, South America, nnd tho Islands of tho sea dcslro your mer chandise; and theso markets must be reached by a cheaper routo than around Capo Horn. England, by tho completion of tho Suez cannl, has tho advantage In trndo routes. Tho south has never faltered and no Interest has over Interfered with tho persistent de plro to sco tho great work of tho Nica ragua canal completed by American hands and for tho glory of American commerce" Frontlet nlmt. Tho wearlsomo debnto on tho Phil ippine question wns continued In Iho tsenato yesterday without an Interesting feature. What good Is It doing and whero Is It to end? Theso aro pertl nont questions which tho country wlil soon ho nsltlng tho senators unless they pauso long enough In tholr ora torical craze to ask themselves and be guided by tho obvious answer. If talk Is profitless, why keep talk ing? It will convince nobody that tho administration is always wrong and Its opponents always right, whatever the latter man think or say. l'nrt l'liijred bjr the Fnrmer In tho Won derful Commerce of the United Stntri Whnt tlio l'rotcctlve TnrllT Dors. Tho republican party has nlways made a definite claim that their prin ciples of government wero Intended to benefit tho great mass f tho com mon people, that they nro a business party, that Is, n party, who, when In power, establishes such policies that the business of tho country hns al ways materially increased. This Is true nt home, whero by tho workings of their methods manufacturers mo encouraged, employment given tho Idle, nnd their cnpaclty for purchasing from tho producers of grain, the agricultural classes in other words, Is greitly en larged. Under the wise ruto of tho republican party foreign commerco of tho United Slates also has always boon helped nnd developed. Tho foreign commerco of tho United States is attaining wonderful propor tions under the protective tarlrt laws, nnd Is a great factor In adding to tlio general propspcrlty of tho country. During tho year 1899 this trado amounted to over two billion dollars, moro than three-fifths being oxports nnd less thnn two-fifths Imports. Tho offlclnl figures are: Imports, $799,431,- 020; exports, $1,275,486,041. Tho ex cess of exports Is larger tnnn In any preceding year except In 1898. Pro ducts of ngrlculturo form C3 per cent of the exports and less thnn 29 per cent of tho imports. TRADE IN DREADSTUFFS. During last December tho United States exported to foreign countries domcstlco brcadstuffs, provisions nnd oils amounting to $19,148,230; during the year ending December 31, tho ex ports of these articles amounted to $712,031,925. During tho four years of tho last democratic administration tho exports of brendstuff3 amounted to $623,051,- C5C; during 1S9S nnd 1899 of tho pres ent republican administration tho ox- ports of brcadstuffs amounted to $033,- 000,000. It Is an expansion of trado that particularly Interests tho western farmer and stock raiser, nnd undor re publican rulo It seems to bo doublo what it is under democratic rule. In this connection It is curious to compnro tho brendstuffs exports under tho vnrious ndmlnlstrntlons, nnd noto tho falling oft when tho democrats aro In power: 1877-80, Republican years. .$797,970,080 1881-84, Republican yc.s.. 823,588,012 1S85-88, Democratic years... 579,177,728 1889-92, Republican years.. 706,289,601 1893-96, Democratic years.. 623,051,056 1S97-99, Rep. (only 3 yrs).. 831,754,238 This tabulation, which Is taken from the records, shows that during fifteen years of republican administrations tho exportation of brcadstuffs amount cd to an average of $210,640,479 per year, while under tho eight years of democratic rulo tho average was only $150,278,075 per year. So It makes n difference of sixty million dollars a year to tho farmers of tho country when tho republicans are running tho government. Tho dlffercnco in tho balanco of trado under the dlfilcrcnt admlulstra tlons Is equally startling. During eight years of domocrncy tho balanco of trade In favor of ttils country was $719,285,940, or an average of $89,910, 742 per year. This seems llko a large amount, but It was doubled during tho republican years. During tho two last completed terms of republican pros Ident3 and the three years undor Mc Klnloy, making a total of eleven years, tno balanco of trade In favor of thlB country wns $2,190,394,365, being an average of $199,126,760 per year. This Is proof concluslvo thnt under repub Ucan mnnngemont tho peoplo of this country draw from foreign countries as a net balanco $169,216,018 moro ovory year than they do when tho democrats aro In power. A STUDY OF THE FIGURES. A study of tho Imports ana exports of 1899 compared with thoso oi earlier years presents some Interesting facts From 1869 to 1899, imports doubled while exports quadrupled. Tho im ports of 1869 woro $438,465,894 and the exports $337,375,983, making an excess of Imports over exports amounting to $101,079,986, while, ns above Indicated the excess of exports in 1899 Is $475, 652,051. Relatively tho proportion of freo and duttablo goods In the list of Imports differs very greatly, only $21, 775,643 of tho total Imported In 1869 being admitted freo of duty, while In 1889, $351,814,004 of tho imports camo In freo of duty. Tho contrast In the reclpts and ex pendlturcs of tho government Is nlso worthy of notice. During Cleveland's first term tho receipts exceeded the expenditures by $372,232,729, but dur lng tho four years of his second ad ministration, when tho democrats had full swing, tho Government ran be hind to the amount of $130,072,675. In the meantime, during tho last two com Dieted republican administrations, which, llko tho democratic years, wero In times of peaco, tho receipts of tho government exceeded tho expend! turos by Just $692,410,038, or an vr. ago of nearly three times more every year than under democratic rulo. In spite of tho unusual war expensed now being Incurred, tho good republl can record Is being kept up at tho present time. From July 1st of lust year up to tho 15th of Janunry, th receipts of tho government exceeded tho expenditures by $20,989,157, which Is almost twlco ns good as tho demo crats could do In tlmo of peaco during the eighties, and at tho rnto of $75, 000,000 per year better than tho dem ocrats did In 1893-90. INCREASED EMPLOYMENT. IlradBtreeta In December reported as follows: "Pennsylvania lndiiFtrles nro using 300,000 moro persons than at this tlmo a year ago; 100,000 New Eng land cotton mill operatives havo re celved an advance of 10 per cent In wages; wages of employes In tho cot ton mills in Augusta, Ga., and Rath and Langley, S. C, arc to bo ad vanccd; tho Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac tallroad has Increased the wages of Its yardmen, conductors and brakemon 10 per cent; 2.4U0 workers In Elgin watch factory will recelv en Increase of wages January 1, otc, London of the l'optillat Fnrtr InYoWed lu QntBtlonnble Practice. Tho news comes from Lincoln thnt there Is a scandal In tho affairs of tho oil Inspection burcnu. Chiof Inspec tor hns mado a report, showing thnt tho fees of tho office aro coming In moro thnn twlco as fnst as they did when Edmlstcn wns In charge. This is not unexpected. It was well known that tho bureau was conducted ns nn adjunct to tho fiulon party, and that tho populist chairman wns put In charge of It in lieu of other salary for his political labors. Out tho question now comes up: What become of tho fees which wero not reported? Wero they pocketed by tho chulrmnn of tho "reform party," or wero they turned Into the treasury of tho pnrty? Tho latter supposition cannot bo true, ns n statement of tho condition of tho populist campaign treasury was published, and no men Hon of tho oil fees appeared In tho report. Somo of tho crooked deals of tho chief oil Inspector camo to light over a year ago, when ho was detected In tho act of padding his expqnso bills. Ho reported railroad faro whon ho car ried freo passos over tho linos. Thoro wero also oxpenso bills for many lie tltlous trips. And yet this ofilclnl was placed In command of tho populist "reform forces," nnd is kept thore. Tho con clusion Is plain. Either tho populist campaign steerors are deriving a bon- eflt from party pllfcrlngs that aro going on; or elso tho populist pnrty winks at and permits misappropriation of public money when only Individuals aro to bo boncfited. Tho rccont notion of tho populist commlttco In suppressing tho resolu tion on tho matter of fraudulent 'board of transportation" would Indi cate that tho party Is hopelessly in tho clutches of unprincipled politicians. Tho peoplo of tho atato cannot too Boon havo their eyes opened to tho real condition of affairs. Read tho following extract from tho World-Horald: "Tho World-Horald yesterday con tained tho following interesting mat ter: SHELVED THE RESOLUTION. Populist Stato Central Commlttco Steer Clear of Demand for Action. Majority Defeated a Formnl Request Urging Stato Board of Trans portation to Grant Relief. Action of Commlttco nt Recont Meet ing Leaks out How tho Mem bers Stood on tho Prop osition. Special Dispatch to tho World-Herald. Lincoln, Nob., Jan. 13. It has just leaked out In populist circles that at tho meeting of tho populist stnto com mlttco hold In this city last weok a resolution urging tho stnto board of transportation to do something was de feated. Tho resolution was as follows: "Hot It Resolved, By tho stato cen tral committee of tho people's Inde pendent pnrty: "First Wo demand of tho secretary of stato, tho attornoy general, tho aud itor of public accounts, tho stato treas urer and tho commissioner of public lands and buildings, constituting tho hoard of transportation and elected by tho suffrages of the party which wo represent, that thoy causo tholr sccre tarics to invcstlgato tho complaints of shippers without further dolay nnd, if thoso complaints bo well founded, wo demand that rcliof bo given to tho shippers of tho stato by a regulation of tho freight rates charged by the railroads. "Second Wo demand of tho secre taries of tho state board of transtior tntton that they proceed immediately to oxamlno into tho complaints of shippers and to determine whethor tho complaints nro just and If the rates aro unreasonnblo, wo demand that tho said secretaries rcgulato and reduce tho samo In such mannor ns that tho causo of complaint may bo removed f and If said secretaries nro unwilling to rcgulato tho freight rates In tho stato within tholr powers wo then do- mnnd that thoy resign their offices and that the board of transportation ap point secretaries who will act. "Third Wo demnnd a regulation by tho said board of tho telephono and express chnrges In this stato with view to nllowlng tho companies controlling theso monopolies to earn a reasonable lncomo upon their investments nml to glvo tho consumers of thoso services tho benefit of tho enormous profits now being collected by thoso compnnlcs." John C. Sprechor of Colfnx county, D. W. Hnmllton of Butlor county, J u 1 go Halo of Butler county and El mer E. Thomas of Douglas county till spoko In favor of tho resolution nnd urged Its adoption. Senator Sprecho mado several earnest nppcnls to tho commlttco not to defeat tho resolution Wilbur F. Bryant, who Is not a mem ber of tuo committee, camo In nnd mado a very eloquent speech pleading for tho defeat of tho resolution. J, II. Edmlstcn nlso spoko In oppo sition to tho resolution. LoMar of Saundors and LowIb Beltzcr both mado speeches against tho resolution. J. W. Edgerton, ono of tho seerotar Ich of tho board, came in whllo tho resolution was under dlscuHBlou nnd mndo a speech pleading for tho roso lutlon's detent. Senator Howard of Hnmllton county spoko ngalnst tbo resolution and then made a motion to tablo It. This mo tlon was ndoptcd. Thoso who voted against tho resolu Hon wero ns follows: nownni or Hamilton, i,eMnr o Saunders, Folber of Cednr, O'Hara of Knox, Gentry of Burt, Anderson of Flllmoro, leaves of Holt, Swoboda of Howard and Tibbies of Thurston. Thoso who voted for tho resolution wero Sprecher of Colfax, Hamilton of Butler, Thomas of Douglas, Dalloy cf Nemnha and Halo of Butler. Thoso not voting wero Wltford rf Washington, Nownes of Sarpy, Wagner of Gago and Uhl of Cuming. China has nix mills. emokoleaa powder DOES nELIQION THRIVE POVERTY AND WANT? ON Chnrarterlttto Free-Trnde Contention Thnt tho Canto of Christianity In Kent Promoted hr Iliinmn Destitution nnd Mil try. The Brooklyn Eagle, n Frce-Trndo but gold standard newspaper, Is very certain thnt Tho Amerlcnn Protectlvo Tariff Lcaguo Is on tho wrong track In Its effort to show tho extent to which tho churches havo shared In tho res toration of prosperity through Increas ed plate collections. Tho Eaglo says: "Religious revivals follow disasters, and big financial panics make men think of their sins nnd Induce them to turn their thoughts to tho churchos nnd to glvo to them moro liberally thnn In tholr prosperity. Flood nnd pcstllonco nre potent lnlluonccs In mnklng mon think of serious things. A wnve of prosperity docs not ndvnnco tho causo of rollglon. It rather retards It. If our present prosperity Is oc casioned by tho Dlngley law then tho churches might well hope for n return to tho Wilson law, with Its alleged do- pressing effect on business, nnd Us consequent direction of tho thoughts of men to ilhclr souls' salvation. It was tho Wilson law that mado tho churches nrosnerous. nnd not tho DIngloy law." It may bo bo, but If bo, lot us havo tho facta and figures to prove It. Tho Eagle, chief among tho nowspapors of tho "City of Churches," Hhould know whereof It Bpenks; but does It know for certain thnt rolklon faros best when tho peoplo fnro worst? Is It truo thnt poverty Increases crimo nnd morality at ono and tho same tlmo? Do Idleness, hunger nnd want opor nto to fill tho Jails and nlso tho churches? Ib tho minister surest of his salary whon tho burglar Is busiest? Do tho dlro conditions which Impel men to Btenl and murder promoto Chrlstlnn morality? Aro pow rents moro promptly paid nnd Is tho contribution box hotter filled when churchgoors have empty pock ets? Doea tho nppcnl In behalf of homo and foreign missions meet with tho most, llboral rcsponso when tho con gregation Is "broke?" Aro church dcbtB tho smallest whon Individual debts nro largest? Do mon think most about tho Bal- vntlon of their souls In times whon thoy nro most engrossed with tho problem of how to keep body and soul together? Is It, In short, true, ns tho Brooklyn Eaglo assorts, thnt "it was tho Wilson law that mado tho churches prosper ous, nnd not tho Dlngley lnw?" Tho American Economist docs not bellovo that any of thoso things nro truo. To bellovo them would lnvolvo tho necessity of believing Christianity to bo n curso Instead of tho greatest boon and blessing tho human raco has over known. If tho churches will do tholr pnrt In furnishing Information ns to tho rela tlvo dlffercnco between pinto collec tions In 1895 under a Freo-Trado tariff nnd In 1899 under tho Dlngley tnrlff, tho Amerlcnn Economist will guaran tee to show that religion nnd moral ity thrlvo best when mankind Is Imp piest, most prosperous, nnd freest from tho necessity nnd tho tcmptntlon to commit crime. Of tho truth of this there Is not tho slightest doubt. Wouldn't It bo n good thing to domonstrato It boyond ques tion in tho manner proposed by tho American Protectlvo Tnrlff Lcaguo? RIQHTLY NAMED. Democrat AMinmcd of tho Term "Frec- Triide" m Applied to tho WlUon Lnr Somo of tho Democratic newspapors aro scolding nt Congressman Gros venor of Ohio, becnuso ho said In his recent speech on tho Currency bill thnt In tho cnmpnlgn of 1890 tho Dcmocrnts demnnded "tho mnlntennnco of tho Freo Trndo Tariff bill, called tho Wll eon net." They complain of tho term "Freo Trado" as applied to tho Wll huh uiu, insisting tnni it was in n menstiro Protectlvo, alnco It carried nn average duty of nearly 40 per cent Isn't it rnthcr lato In tho day to bring up tins question? Thrco years nnd two montlis ago tlio peoplo of tho United States registered their Judg ment of tho Wilson tnrlff by over throwing tho pnrty responsible for Its enactment. Thoy condemned It for what It wns, a Freo Trado measuro In prlnclplo and Intention, nnd, If not wholly ho, ns near un approach to Freo Trado as tho Democratic party (uireii to maito nt tnni iimo. it was meant to bo tho entorlng wedgo that should split asunder tho Amerlcnn system of Protection, nnd tho horrlblo wreck nnd ruin wrought by that enter lng wedgo forcshndowed only too plainly tho ultlmnto fnto of Amerlcnn Industries In tho event of tho complcto realization of Freo Trndo lu this country. Congressman Grosvenor'H nppolla tlon, "tho Freo Trado tnrlff bill, called tho Wilson act," Ih fully Justified by tho fncts. Domocrats, howovor, nro naturally n llttlo sensitive about It, In vlow of nil that has happened In tho past thrco years. Formerly they wero only too glad to tako tho credit of tho Wilson Tariff lnw as "a step in tho right direction." They found no fault In tho campaign of 1896 wheir that law wna characterized as a Freo Trado mcaauro. Tho only fault thoy found thon wns that It didn't go far enough In "tho right dlroctlon," that Is In the direction of Freo Trado. But times havo changed, nnd tho Demo- vats would like to hnvo tho WlUon ? THE. WAGE.S OF 75.0 00 0?ERrTlVi.S IN AJEW ENGLAND HMtBELN ADVVNCrVD . V v M law rolcgatcd to tho limbo of oblivion. Fownrd tho law nnd tho blame which nttachca to tho party responsible for It tho greatest charity would bo forget- fulncss. Thnt Is why tho stlng of Mr. GroBvenor's reminder has called forth so many manifestations oi pain nnu uneasiness. But thcro nro somo things not to bo forgotten. Tho "Freo Trndo tariff bill, called tho Wilson act," Is ono of theso things. TEXTILE INDUSTRIES. Thejr Aro Flonrtuhlnsr Urnndly Under Protection. Tho cotton nnd woolen mill opera tives of New England havo news that camo Just too lato to bo eclobrated on Thanksgiving day, but which will much Increase tho cheer of ChrlBtmns- tldc. Owing to tho prosperous condi tion of tho cotton goods trndo tho mill companies havo boon nblo to announce advances In wages amounting In most InstnnccB to 10 per cent. For many of tho cotton mills this Is tho second Increase of 10 per cont within a fow months. Tho Amerlcnn Woolen Com pany, which operates twenty-six tnllln In a score of towns, nlso nnnounccs a gonornl advnnco of 10 por cont. By sovcrnl Independent woolen companies n similar advanco Is made. What this prosperous condition of tho textile Industries means to Now England mny he gathered from tho fact that fully 300,000 persons will now receive higher wngcB. From tho nd vanccHalrcndy announced It 1b estl mntcd thnt tho cotton-mill oporntlvos wilt receive an addition of $180,000 weekly to their present earnings. Tho Increnso thus far to tho woolcn-mlll operatives amounts to $20,000 weekly. Somo of tho ndvancca went Into effect yesterday, others will dato from noxt Monday, nnd still others will begin on Jnnunry 1. Counting tho families of tho mill workors, fully 1,000,000 per sons aro directly nffoctcd by tho ad vance, nnd probably as mnny moro will benefit Indirectly. Thnt tho cotton manufacturers can sco tholr way clear to make theso ad vances In wages Is n proof of tho gon ornl prosperity of tho country, for tho demnnd for their goods is not confined to any ono section. Thoro Is also n growing foreign demand for American cotton fnbrlcs. Tho contrast between tho prcsont prosperity of tho cotton in dustry nnd tho depression of 1893 Is most striking. So sovero was tho pros tration of business then that many Now England cotton-mill owners talked of moving to tho southern stntea In tho hope of obtaining cheaper In bor, and tho Massachusetts legislature appointed n special commission to con sldcr tho problem of unemployed tox tlio workers. Now nil tho cotton mills aro biiBy and tho prospects of trado aro excellent. Tho woolon manufacturers also testi fy to tho Improvement In conditions. "Tho woolen business wns novor in n moro nourishing condition than to dny," Bays William M, Wood, treasurer of tho American Woolon Company, "Tho mills aro busy and nro looking forward to tho now season with tho highest anticipations." With tho res toratlon of confidonco and prosperity which followed tho vordlct nt tho polls In 1896 tho peoplo nro nblo to spond moro mouoy for clothing. Owing to tho accumulation of stocks during tho depression tho cntton-mlll oporntlvos did not gain much benefit from the changed conditions until enrly this yenr. Enormous Importations during tho Inst days of tho Wilson tariff act held hack tho woolon trndo still longer. Tho textile Industry of Now Englnnd has Buffered much from tho policy which camo Into effect with President Clovelnnd's accession to odlco. Tho textile workers of Now England hnvo had a bitter object lesson. Under tho Republican policy of protection, sound money, and expansion thoy nro pros perous ns never boforo. It hns been a subject of comment thnt Massachu setts, misrepresented by tho Atkinson crowd as opposed to expansion, should havo led nil tho other stntea In tho numbiir of soldiers, In proportion to population, furnished for tho nrmy In tho Philippines. Tho fact is that tho worklngmon of Massachusetts under stood much hotter thnn their Bolf-con-stltuted leaders tho valuo nnd nd vantnges of tho Philippines nB n baso for oriental trade. They woro willing to do their shnro toward securing those advantages for themselves, tholr kin dred, nnd tholr country, Chicago In ter Ocean. Tho f nllr of It. Tho laboring man Iiub moro work to do today than ho has had for years; he Is getting higher wages for doing it than ho has received for a long M - m" . UU.IIi lirETUHDEDUnk mr Am JtvBnwHMPMMar. i.i Adapted from the New York Tribune. tlmo. Now ho Is tnlklng nbout voting to tear down tho party thnt gnvo him tho work nnd tho wngca, nnd enthrone In Its place a party whoso watchword is "Low prices for everything." Slnco wo wero children, nil of us havo been taught to think of tho man who killed tho gooso that laid tho golden egg was tho Prlnco of Fools. Compared to tho laboring mnn who votes to reduco his wnges nnd tho number of days ho works, tho man who killed tho gooso Is n wlso mnn nnd n philosopher. Lawronco (Kan.) Journal. DANOEP AHEAD. Cnllfnrnln' Prntoit Aanlnal rropoioi! Ilrelprorltr ConrcMlout. If reciprocity treaties with foreign natloiiB mean tho rolcnso from restrict ive tnrlff regulations of foreign prod ucts which wo do not produco, In re turn for tho admission for such of our products Into foreign territory ns thoy do not produco, no ono will dony their wisdom. On tho other hand. If theso troatlca moan tho withdrawn! of tariff In such 1 mannor ns to build up ono class of products in our own country nt tho ox- Poiibo of another, or tho fattening of powerful Enotcrn corporntlons by tho destruction of protectlvo Industries of the country, It Is tlmo to call n halt. Tho nows from Washington thnt not only tho Jamaica reciprocity treaty, but tho French reciprocity, contains provisions that strlko staggering blows not only to tho fruit Industry of tho Pacific coast, but to our wlno Industry nnd still other products, nt tho behest of rich and powerful corporato Inter ests In tho East, Is amazing nnd dls- hcnrtnnlug. If thnt Is tho way tho administration and tho Republican party Interpret tho duty thoy owo to tho country, tho sooner tho president nnd tho party learn thnt thoy aro trending tho path thnt loads to dlsastor tho hotter. It will not do to lightly put this question nsldo by saying thnt Cali fornia must suffer for tho general good. If that wero truo It might bo n good excuse, however lamontablo, but It Is not. Will It bo for tho common good to shnttor tho Industrial Interests of this lmmonso western region thnt Iho Stnndnrd Oil company, tho northwest ern millers and gracdy Importers In tho oast may fattciv7 Tho Republican party has stood for protection to our growing industries with mngnlflcont results. If It por mlts Itself to bo used by designing mon It will bnsoly desort Its colors, and will desorvo ftio fnto that will auroly over take It, It Is not a question alono of Injury to our local Interests; tho affair as sumes a national Importance. Should tho Republican party prove faithless to Its tniBt In California, It will provo faithless In other states. Los Angeles (Cal.) Express. llnppy Time for Wngo Kurnon. On tho morning of Dec. 18 an nd vnnco of 10 por cont in wagoB wont Into offect In mnny of tho cotton mnn nfncturlng cities nnd townn of Now England. Tho increnso nffocts from 70,000 to 75,000 hands. Tho plncos In cluded In thoso ndvnncco aro Lowoll, with nbout 18,000 oporntlvos; Augustn, Mo., with 1,100; Lawrence, 12,000; Chlcopco, 3,000; Ulddeford, Mo 3,500; Manchester, N. II., nenrly 15,000; Now buryport, 500; Watorvlllo, Mo., 1,000; Lisbon, Me., 500; Brunswick, Mo., 700; llooksott, N. H 500; Suncook, N. 11., 1,500; Amcsbury, 800, nnd Nnshun, 1,500. In uddltlon nn udvnnco goes Into effect In n number of tho cotton mills of central and western Massachusetts. Somo of tho woolen mills nlso In creaBod wages 10 por cent Dec. 18. Theso nro outside of tho American Woolen compnny, which will mnko u gcnernl ndvnnco on Jnn. 1, nffectlng 26,000 oporntlvcs, whllo In tho south ern cotton ;nlllB nn ndvnnco la shortly to bo mado In tho wnges of nbout 50,000 workers. From tho West comes tho nnnounco mont thnt on Jan. 1 the Elgin Na tional Wntch Company will put lu force n now acalo of wnges amounting to nn advance of D to 10 por cent, and affecting over 3,000 hands. Many thousands of workmen in other parts of tho United Statos start ed tho year 1900 with Increased wages. It Is Merry ChrlstmaB and n Happy Now Year for tho wago earnors In theso days of protection and pros perity. Kent Vie for Hhenp Klirnrn. Tho Knnsaslana who throo years ago UBcd tholr dinner horns to cry calam ity aro now UBlng tholr Bheop shears to clip coupons. Loulsvlllo Courier Journal.