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FOR HOME AND WOMEN !
ITEMS OF INTEREST FOR MAIDS AND MATRONS. Bin and White Linen rrincrts reltl coat Cure of the rent III Health Often Canted by a Disregard of the Comfort of the Feet. In Retrospect. If Iiovc'ii guitar strings never snapped, If hearts would stay In tunc, If roguish Cupid never napped, If life were always June, Wo o'en might now be fitting- up A coiy home for two How nectar-sweet were Fortune's cup If Bummer dreams camo true. If all wo pledged of lovo and trust, Nor forfeited and lost, Had still survived tho hoary dust Of Autumn's early frost, If seaside romance thrived In town Thcre'd bo for mo and you A Jewel bright In Memory's crown If Bummer dreams came true. If June-tide buds of hopo would blow When drouth was In tho heart, If In life's river's ebb and flow Hearts drifted not apart, If man wero loss a changeling race Wo might wed thoso wo woo, And turn to Fate a smiling face It Bummer dreams camo true. Hoy Fnrrell Grccno. The Propor Care or tho Feet. Somo women know by Instinct how nearly tho nerves of their feet are re lated to tho nerves of their hearts, stomachs and brains, and Mme. Calvo Is ono of them. When anxiety and hard work press upon her she puts oft slippers nnd stockings. Letting her feet breatho is what she calls sit ting a long hour wriggling her pink toes delightedly In tho sun or running up and down tho room to stretch tho soles. After this she lies down and has her maid gently chafo tho bottoms of her feet till she drops Into a deep sleep, whence she comes soothed and vigorous for any amount of work. On tho care of the feet and their connec tion with health long chapters might be written. As a drawback to physi cal strength tho constriction of tho foot is next to that of tho corset. How few of us unstockinged can show a handsome, well-dovcloped, uncramped pedal extremity. Toe3 pressed togeth er, Joints deformed, aching corns nnd bunions, aro external oTldenccs of tho tyranny of ridiculous fashions. Look at. the gondola shaped, sharp pointed shoe, that Is only second to tho Chinese footgear which wo hold In contempt! Nature revenges Itself for such ab surdity. Following an obstructed cir culation are headaches, cold feet, palpi tations, functional disturbances and a general letting down of the tone of the system. Any physlciun will assert that, with habitual cold feet, perfect health Is Impossible. Let us correct In our children" tho errors of( ignoranco through which wo suffer. And what harm, In the privacy of home, can there be In tho patter of pretty little bare feet? If thoro Is anything to be thankful for, it is that, In social evo lution, common sense is rapidly break ing the chains of conventional foolish ness. Wear tho softest slippers always in the house. Go barefoot yourself, even, If your family will allow It. To wear a street shoo after you come in nldo your front door Is to Imprison your foot so much longer.and tho more It is exposed to light and air the healthier and moro comfortable It will bo. Patent leathers aro ruinous to tho feet. Especially when they aro built with high heels and narrow toes. Tho feet perspire, tho heel throws tho weight on tho toes and the poor little things, all huddled up In a bunch, aro utterly miserable and mako you weak. Soak your feet In cold water, not ice cold, but coolish. Warm water draws the blood into tho feet. You wish to reduce the inflammation and fever by driving it away. Tho chiropodists say there is nothing like cold water for sore, tired feet. Cold water, besides, toughens tho skin rather than making it softer. After you have brushed your pedal extremities with a stiff flesh bruBh, cosmollno then comes. Into play, to bo well rubbed Into tho callouses nnd joints. With this sort of treat ment your feet are kept in such good condition that they aro a positive joy, nnd that, you know, Is worth living for. For a Thin Neelr. A pretty way of treating the decol letago of evening gowns, if tho wearer bo too Blonder, Is to edge tho opening at tho neck with a Vandyke laco, tho points turning upward to tho throat; tho extreme edge of tho points run through tho neck to be Just seen through tho Vandykes. Tho effect Is original and generally becoming, says tho Pittsburg Dispatch. A wide bertha or shoulder flounco of rich laco is replacing many of tho fussy chiffon frills on tho better class of evening bodices. Tea gowns, blouses and even ing gowns are beautified by collars of rlchjold- lace, mull or embroidered crape. Homo Language Training, Every fairly educated woman Bhould bo ablo to train her children In tho correct uso of the mother tonguo. It is merely a question of Inclination on her part. Tho miserable excuse for not making the effort is usually that tho children "will learn all that after awhile in school." I wish to make it clear, writes Florence Hull Winter burn in tho Woman's Homo Compan ion, that thoy will never learn gram mar so wol) In school and after six years aB they can learn It at homo beforo six. We need not mako tho little child's Hfo a burden by descend ing hawk-llko upon all his blrdllng ventures In speech. It Is a natural tendency in early childhood to mako nil tho verbs regular, and to lnvont adjectives. Tho three-year-old llttlo one Instinctively says "roily" for slip PRINCESS Princess petticoat of white brocaded tho bottom that fall over h broad tho scallops are outlined with pale pink narrow pink ribbon unlto the points. pery, "fally" for unsafe, etc. Theso In ventions ought to bo treated Indul gently, for they will speedily bo out grown. It Is moro Important to ex tend tlclr vocabulnry by often using new terms in their presence than to clip their original variations. Not only Bhould wo uso good English bo fore our children, small and large, but wo should lnsplro In them an ambi tion to achieve excellence by dropping now and then some general rule bo slmplo that they can themselves ap ply It. Grammar may In this way tako root in their understanding without tho uso of text books, and a saving of time bo accomplished In tho spaco devoted to school education. Dine and White Llneo. Mado with stitched bands of plain white linen; yoke and underskirt of blue dotted linen. Laco hat, with largo bow of bluo dotted ribbon. To Wash Lacer. For washing white Jaco, prepare somo soap lather and half fill a wide mouthed bottle or Jar with It; placo the lace In It, and shake well, holding a clean cloth over tho mouth of the Jar t& keep tho water from escaping. As the water becomes dirty chango it for fresh soapy water. When tho laco Is clean rlnso In clear water, then dip In a mixture of dissolved gum arable and water in tho proportion of ono teaspoonful to half a pint; squeeze gently in tho hands; pin out on a clean cloth, fastening tho plain part of tho lace first, afterward tho points. Bo careful to mako tho laco oven while wet; then, when nearly dry, Iron lightly on tho wrong sldo over a thick Ironing blanket or sheet. Com mon laco may bo washed In lukewarm soap lather by squeezing with tho hands, thon starched in thin hot water starch. After starching roll it in a PETTICOAT. silk. It Is slashed Into points nround flounce of white gauze. Tho edges of silk roses appllcued. Flat lacings of cloth, and when It Is nearly dry It may be Ironed on tho wrong side with n moderately hot Iron. In coloring white or cream laces, If n deep yellow Is desired, use yollow ochro or coffee. It is best first to test tho shade on a small plcca of muslin beforo putting tho laco In. When using coffeo great caro must bo taken to sco that no grains aro allowed to get on tho lace, as that would mako It spotted. It Is a good plan to mix tho coloring mate rial with tho starch to insure even col oring and yet not tako tho stiffness out. When black laco has lost Its freshness wash It first In lukewarm water and a llttlo melted soap. Then prepare a deep blue water and mix with It some gum arable. Tho usual proportion Is ono tablespoonful of gum arable to a pint of the water. Dip the lace in this mixture, squeeze light ly with tho hands, and then pin tho lace out on a clean piece of muslin to dry. When nearly dry iron on tho wrong side. Another method Is to dip tho lace In u mixture of milk and wa ter, squeeze well, then iron with a sheet of tlssuo paper over it. Black veils can be freshened In tho same way as black lace. OUR COOKINQ SCHOOL. "Jumballayj." Wash one pound of rice and soak It an hour; cut up a cold roast chicken, or tho remnants of a turkey, and a slico of ham, which fry in a table spoonful of lard; stir in tho rlco nnd add slowly whllo stirring In n pint of hot water; cover your pot and set where it can cook slowly. Tho samo dish is mado with oysters or shrimps. Ilrolled Chickens. Split a pair of chickens down ho back; wipe tho Inside, ecason with pepper and salt; preparo somo beaten yolks of eggs and bread crumbs; dip the outsldo of tho chickens in tho bat ter; put them on n gridiron (nicely wnshed) on a light bed of coals. Lay the chickens on tho grldlorn with the Insldo down, broiling them twenty minutes; just beforo taking them from the Are add bits of butter. Nono but fine, plump chlckenB are worth broil ing. Clam Chowder, Put fifty to ono hundred small clams In boiling water, When their shells havo opened, take them out, throwing tho hard parts away. Mako halt a pint of gravy from thln-sllced salt pork. To this liquid In tho pot add a lay or of tho clams! then a layer of biscuits soaked In milk or warm wa ter; then another lnycr of clams and another of soaked biscuits; then more clams seasoned with pepper and mace. Now put In threo or more onions sliced and boiled; also boiled potatoes peeled and cut very fine. Cover tho wholo with a nice paste and bako It in an Iron oven. SCIENTIFIC TOPICS. CURRENT NOTESOF DISCOVERY AND INVENTION. An Invalid Berry Cart Novel Folding ned New Ues for the Roentgen Itityt The Speed of Cablo Mtttages 'Novel Life Frtserver. New Cits for the Itoontgen Iteys. Dr. Ncvlllo Wood records In tho Lon don Lancet a case In which a consid erable over-growth of hair on n wom an's faco was removed by applying tho Roentgen rays. Thoro wero '.on sittings per week of ton minutes each, the facS and neck being protected with a leaa foll mask, except whore tho rays wore Intended to net. After fourteen ex posures, It was noticed that tho darker hairs had lost somo of tholr luster, nnd In n week's timo thero was an obvious lessening In their number. Tho hnlrs becamo brittle and pale In color, with atrophic bulbs. Thoro was a slight red dening of tho skin during this period. After forty-five exposures, tho wholo of n very thick downy and hairy growth hnd disappeared, except nlno hairs which remained at least n week after the total removal of tho others. They wero found, however, to bo read ily separated at tho bulbs, being re talned in position by a more Biiperfl clal part of tho root-sheath. After cessation of tho treatment, only a few thick hairs had returned, and theso wero removed with tho well known process of destroying them by tho elec tric needle. Dr. Wood is of tho opin ion that tho treatment Is neither dis figuring nor painful, and thinks that about twenty will clear tho ground for tho use of tho electric needle, and that between thirty or forty exposures will probably result In permanent baldness. Tho rnys also promise to be of scrvlco as a curatlvo'agent in tho treatment of certain diseases of tho skin. It seems certain that cases of lupus aro much benefited, If not cured, by being treated by periodic applications of tho X rays, and tho hopo is also held out that ob stlnato cases of eczema, rlngworm.etc, will provo amonablo to tho samo treat ment. At Copenhagen n number of cases of lupus havo been successfully treated by oxposuro to sunuhlnc, and .as tho Roentgen rays hnvo . an effect like sunshlno on tho skin, It is thought that they may provo equally effica cious. The Spend of Cablo Mettaget. In. operating long cables very doll cato Instruments are required, and the currents arriving at the receiving end nra very fccblo in comparison with those employed in land line signaling. Tho longer tho cablo, naturally, tho feebler tho Impulses nrlvlng at the re ceiving end. A short cable, a cablo of under 1,000 miles being generally considered a short cable, gives a speed of Hlgnnllng amply sufficient for all purposes, with a conductor weighing about 100 pounds to tho mile, sur rounded by an Insulating cnvelopo of gutta-percha weighing about an eqiial amount. Wherr wo como to a cablo of about twlco this length It Is found necessary In order to get a practically unlimited speed, that Is, a speed as high as tho most expert operator can road It, to employ a coro of C50 pounds of copper to tho mile, Insulated with 400 pounds of gutta-percha to tho mile. Theso aro tho proportions of copper nnd guttn-porcha In tho 1894 Anglo American Atlantic cnblo, which Is con sidered tho record Atlantic cablo for speed of working and has been worked, by automatic transmission, at tho rato of somo forty-flvo words a minute. Tho typo of cablo proposed for the Vancouver-Fanning section of tho British Pacific cable, as designed by Lord Kelvin, Is to havo a coro of C32 pounds of copper nnd 3G8 pounds of gutta-percha to tho rallo and Is cal culated to glvo a speed of twelve words per mlnuto over a length of 3.BC0 miles. It Is not considered safo to adopt a much heavier coro than this for tho reason that the weight of tho complcto cablo with a coro that should weigh moro than about half n ton to the nautical mllo would bo ao great that picking It up for repairs from a depth of 3,000 fathoms would bo an ex tremely difficult and hazardous opera tlon. Scrlbner's. Novel Folding lied. Evcryono knows how closely that old time, comfortablo chair, which is I ! ' l colloquially spoken of as a "sleepy hollow," comes to forming comfortablo Bleeping quarters, but It was tho for tllo Imagination of nn Inventor of New York city that discovered that thoro lurked In It all tho possibilities of tho Ideal folding bed, In tho first placo, such chairs aro usually heavily and softly padded, bo that disposes of tho most troublesome feature, uamely, the stowage of tho mattress. Then they aro nlways largo and roomy, and thai gives great scopo for working out a comfortablo and capacious single bed. Next tho draperies aro usually heavy, and very extensive, nnd tho upholstery need not bo very elaborate, so thnt li still another advantage such n chair possesses for tho transformation con templated. This can very easily bo dono by arranging tho arm pieces on hinges and brackets. Ono can be chang ed to a convenient anglo for tho pillow rest. Tho back is disposed of so as to form a continuation of tho scat, and thus mako tho framo of tho bed, while tho other arm Is disposed of In uny manner convenient. An Inralld Drrry Cart, A radical chango in tho character of tho coach employed to tako baby out for an airing has taken placo within tho last few years, and tho groat con venience of tho Dcrry cart has sug gested tho possibility of constructing n folding Invalid or infant's cart on the samo principles. Tho illustration shows how this Idea has been worked out by nn Inventor of Hamburg, Ger many. Thoro may bo two wheels In front nnd two bnck, as shown, or tho three-wheeled arrangement so popular for tho up-to-date automobllo may bo used. Tho support for tho patient is formed of canvas, which cxtonds from tho nxlo to tho cross bar of tho exten sion pieces that aro used ns handles for tho patient's attendant. A foot rest Is provided with means for ad justing ItH holght to nccommodato tho length of limb of tho occupant. Tho peculiar construction of tho frnmo and tho canvas supportadapt It to fold up into a very compact space, which Is n great advantage compared with tho ordinary Invalid's chair, which Is usu ally so unwleldly that II cannot bo stored in a living room 'Uh any con venience. " i Novel Life Freserver. An Improved or protectod breeches buoy has been invented by Lieut. O. H. McLellan, inspector of tho llfo-sav-ing servico on tho Jersey const. Tho favorite mothod of landing shipwreck ed people when tho wreck lies near enough to tho beach to cnablo tho surN men to shoot a lino over tho vessol from tho shoro Is tho uso of tho breeches buoy, which is simply a big cork life-preserver, fitted with a short pair of canvas trousers or trunks. The shipwrecked person puts on this pre server nnd tho buoy Is hauled back and forth from tho wreck by men on tho beach by means of tackle. All objec tions to this old buoy will bo ovcrcomo by tho new and protected presorverj designed by Lieut. McLellan, which will soon bo Introduced all through tho service. Surrounding tho breeches, through which n person thruBts his legs, Is a canvas bag. This affords an extra protection against tho sea. Thoro Is a valvo at tho bottom, through which any water that cornea over tho buoy Is automatically ejected. It is said that women show much less hes itancy in trusting themselves to tho now-Btylo buoy thnn to tho old ono. New York Mall and Express. Three Htnrt In Ono, Tho North Star has rccontly attract ed much attention from tho fact that In September, 1S99, Prof. W. W. Camp bell of tho Lick Observatory, Mount Hamilton, Cal announced that it la really three stars, which appear ns one. Even tho big- telescope, with Its glass a yard across, at his obsorvatory, could not tell that, au tho star is so far off; although tho telescopo can show a great deal of tho form and surface markings of tho sun, moon and plan-; ets, and help us to sco millions of stars not vlslblo to tho unaided eye.' Prof. Campbell attached to this tele scopo an Instrument called tho spec troscope, which analyzes tho light It self, nnd tolls what It Is made of, and whether tho star from which It comes Is In motion or at rest, and whether coming towards us or going away. Ho found by careful sturdy thnt Polaris Is really threo stars, though appearing to our eyes as only ono, and that tho threo are revolving nround ono nnoth or, nnd thnt tho group Is approaching tho earth at tho rato of about seven miles a second. An Electrical Itange Finder. Tho British war ofllco has been test ing a new clectrlcnl rango-flndor for tho Inst two years. It was Invented by un Australian, who says that It will glvo tho rango nnd bonrlng of a llxod or moving object, nnd at tho somo tlmo will glvo Information to any numbor of fortress guns uttached by wlro to tho Instrument, thus equaling 100 guns, for Instance, to concentrato tholr (Ire simultaneously on a slnglo ship. Over 385,000 persons aro employed ! In English collieries. OUR BUDGET OF FUN. SOME GOOD JOKES, ORIQINAL, AND SELECTED. A Variety of Unlpt, Glbet and Ironies, to Caute a Smile Flottain and JeUam from the Tide of Humor Witty Saying. Correct. A visitor nt a western school the other day naked one of tho lower grade classes this question: "What Is the axis of tho earth?" "An Imaginary lino passing from ono polo to tho other, on which the earth revolves," proudly answered a pupil. "Yes," said tho examiner, well pleased, "nnd could you hang a bon net on It?" "Yes, Blr." "Indeed I And what kind of a bon net?" "An imnglnnry bonnet, sir." Tho visitor naked 'lio moro ques tions thnt day. When the Clock Strikes It. "Why do you nlwnyn start nnd turn palo when tho clock strikes 11?" "Thnt," oho replied, "was tho hour at which my first husband proposed to me. I remember It, because ho foil upon his knees just ns tho clock be gan to Btrlko, nnd ho had to wait un til It waa through." "O," tho second ono Bald, "and I Btipposo you can't get" over tho olil feeling you had then that he might chango his mind before tho clock gavo him a chanco to go ahead I" Yet pcoplo say thoy seem to bo "sucti a happy couple." Chicago Tlmca Hernld. llrntnt Youth. "He's tho most ungnllant young man I over saw," exclaimed Mrs; Fattcn orty. "I don't sco how you can say that. Ho gavo you his seat In tho enr to day," urged her husband. "Yes," sho replied, "but when I politely protested, ho cried: "Really, I IhBlst. I hate to sco an old lady standing.' "Philadelphia Press, Merely nt n Precaution. "Augustus, why do you drink that strong liquor?" "Through prudenco, Aunt Mlncrvn. I supposo you noticed tho cherry on tho bottom of my glass?" "I bellovo bo." "Well, I lovo' cherries, hut thoy do not ngreo 'with mo. That Is why I tako a little liquor as a safeguard." Chicago News. Fractional I'ralse. "Do you kno.w, old fellow," talil Polndextcr to Tronchnnt Pcnn, "that last book of yours isn't half bad." "I'm so glad to hear you feay so," replied tho delighted nuthor, "for you nro n competent n-nd candid critic." "No, lt'o not halt bad," Polndoxter went on. "It is three-quarters nr sovcn-elghths bad:" Pittsburg Chron icle Wnr Hinder Agriculture. "A war is n great hindrance to tho development of a country," said ono Iloor, "Yes," answered tho other. "If this promiscuous shooting continues It will tako long, hard labor to get tho bul lots cleared out of tho soil so that wo can go ahead raising cropi" Wash ington Star. A Slmplo Deduction, Btuper Hero's a nlco letter for n man to receive! Tho scoundrel who wroto It calls mo n blithering idiot! Tccplo What's his name? "Thnt's Just what I'd like to 11ml out; but there's no signature." "Don't you rocognlzo tho writing? It must bo somebody who knowB you." Llfo. Crnelt Mrs. Mouse "Oh, dear! I'vo had such a start!" Mr. Mouse "What's tho matter?" Mrs. Mouse "I mot a great big hor rid creaturo upstairs that Jumped on a ehalr and waved her clothes at. mo nnd screnmod bo it frightened mo al most to death!" Now York Press. In a Clerman Military School "Bravery is tho chief virtue of a sol dier. If a cannon ball blows your head off, oven, you must bear this in mind, and not lose your head!" Heltero Welt. I'otltlve Kvldeuce, "Piglcy is very contrary, I under stand." "Contrary? Why that follow has to fast to get fat." Judgp,