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HIS LCTTEROP ACCEPTANCE
President McKinley Gives to the Public the Document Eagerly Looked For. DEALS WITH ALL THE REAL ISSUES Country Has Prospered Under Republican Rule and the Party is Ready to Come Before the People on the Record It Has Made in Following the Path of DutyThe Philippine Oucs tion and Our Foreign Dependencies in General, KXKCUTIVB MANSION. WASHING TON. Hon. Honry Cnbot I.odge, Chair limn Notification Committee: My Dear Sir: Tho nomlnntlon of tho republican na tional convention of June 111, 1900, for Urn timen ot president of tho United Mates, which ns the official representative of tho rnnvcntlon you huvo conveyed to nic. In accepted. I Imvp carefully examined tho platform adopted ami glvn to it my hearty approval. Upon tho ureal Issua of the lam national election It I clour. U upholds tho gold standard ami en dorses the legislation of tho present con fess by which that Htnnilnrd had been ffectlvcly strengthened. Tho stability of our national currency Id therefore se curo o long ns those who ailhero in till plulform nro kept In control of tho gov ernment. In the first haltle. tlmt of SM. tho friends of thu gold standard find of found currency were tilumphnnt una tho country In enjoying tho fruits of that vic tory. Our antagonists, however, aro not intlsned. They compel uh to a second Ixittlo upon tho sumo lines on which thu first wcro fought and won. While regret ting tho reopening of thin question, . wiilch can onlv disturb the presunt satisfactory nnanelal condition of th government and visit uncertainty upon our groat business enterprises, wo accept the Issue and again Invito tho sound money forces to Join In winning another and wo hope n perma nent trlun.ph for an turnout ilnnnclal sys tern which wilt contlnuo Invlolnblo tho puhlle faltli. A In HOT tho three silver purlUs are united under the same loader, who, Im mediately after tho election of thut year, In, an uddrvss to the blmclnlllsts, said; "The frloiidM of bimetallism havo not heon vanquished; they hnvo slnuily liecn overcome. They bellevu that tho gold standard Is a conspiracy of the money changer ugnlnst tho wulfuro of tho bu man ruco. nnd (hey will contlnuo the war faro against It." The policy thus proclaimed hus been ac cepted nnd confirmed by those parties. Tho silver democratic platform of 1W0 continues tho warfaro against tho so culled gold conspiracy when It oxpressly says, "wo relterato tho demiind that (tho Chicago) platform of M for an American financial system mndo by tho American peoplo for themselves which shall restore and maintain a bimelalllo prlco Invol and ns a part of such system thu Immediate restoration Of tho free and unlimited coin age of sliver and gold ut thn present ra tio ot 16 to 1, without waiting for the aid or consent of nny other nation." Ho thn Issue. Is prcsonttd. It wilt bo noted that tha demand Is for tho tmmo illnlo restoration of tho free colnngo of sliver nt 111 to 1. Jf another Issue, Is par amount this Is Immediate. It will admit of HQ dotuy mid will suffer no postpone ment. Turning to tho otlwr associated parties wn find In the populist national platform adopted at Sioux Kails, H. !., May 10, 1900. tho following declaration: "Wo plcdgo nnuw tho people's pnrly never to cease tho agitation until this financial conspiracy Is blotted from tho statute books, tho Lincoln greenback iu stored, tho bonds an paid and all corpora tion money forever retired. Wo reaf firm the demand for tho reopening of tho mints of tho United Stntcs for thn froo nnd unlimited coinage ot silver nnd gold at the present legal ratio of 10 to 1, tho Immediate Increase In thn volume of silver coins and certificates thus created to bo substituted, dollar for dollar, for luu banknotes Issued by private corporations under special privilege, granted bv law ot March 14, 1900, and prior national bank ing laws." Tho platform of tho sliver pnrty ndopl ed at Kansas City July C, 1000 makes uio following rinnouccmniit: "Wo declare It to bu our Intention to lend our efforts to tho repeal of this cur rency law, which not only repudiates tho ancient nnd time-honored principles of tho American people beforo thn constitution wus ndoptetl, but Is violative or tho prin ciples of tho constitution Itself, and we shall not ceaso our efforts until thorn lias been established In Its place a, monetary system based upon tho free and unlimited eoiungo of silver mid gold into money nt tho presont legal ratio of K5 to 1 by tho In dependent action ot tho United Slutcs, under which Hystem all paper money shall bo Issued by the government nnd all such money coined or Issued shall bn a full legal tender In payment of nil debts, public nnd private, without exception." In nil throo platforms these parties an nounce that their efforts shall bo unceas ing until tho irold act shall bo blotted from tho statute books and thu froo and unlimited colnngo of sliver nt 10 to 1 shall toko Its pliute. Tho relative Imiiortunco of the Issues I do not stop to discuss. All ot ihem aro Important. Whichever party Is success ful will bo bound In conscience to carry into administration and legislation Its several declarations and doctrines. One iioi'iiimuon win uo as obligatory ns an inner, nut ail am not Immediate. It Is not possible that theso parties would treat tho doctrine of 111 to . tin. immn.iini.t Mention of. which U demanded by their rarciiil IHUUlirillS, ns VOKl Ullll lUUPom 've in tlio event that thoy soulit ba ClOthCd With tiownr. lltlmnvU.. II, fesslon of faith Is Insincere. It Is there- mm uiu imperative uusincs.i nt thoso op posed to nils llnanclal heresy to pr vein 1110 t rill til till or thn linrll.iu .i,.M.. ....I.... Is only assureil by lullierenco to the silver iniiiio. win uio American people, through iiidiiTormico or fancied security, hazard miu uveiuiriw ot ino WI80 llllllUCla en Is latlon Of too lust vrnr .mil i.ivlv., ,, itnngcr of tho silver stanonnt xtM all of tho Inovltnhlii pvllti of scattered eouiUunco Him Kt-neiui disaster wuirii justly alarm' ed and aroused thuni in JMifT. WOttlC OK IUSPUIILK'AN CONOUKKH Tilt) renuollean ti.irlv r,.i,,li,., rm.r.,i to lis principle of u tariff which mipplles Hiilllclont revenues for the government nnd adequate protection to our enter prises and producers: and of reciprocity which opens foreign mnrUotH to the fruits Of American liilint1 nml for,,!.!,.,., channels through which to market tho surplus of American furms. The ilme- uuininu iiriiiuiiniH or protection ami reel, proclty wcro the llrJLPedges. "f re uhlb can victory to be wtiftHii into i.ni.iiA ,,, Tlio present congress hus given to Alasi nil u mrruoriai government, ror wlllch It had waited more than u nuiirtur i,t n conturyi has established it representative government In Hawaii: has unnoted bills for the most liberal treatment of iho pensioners and their widows; ban revived jiiu ilea imiiii-Miviiii poiioy. in us greui llnanclal law It provided for tho eslab llshment of banku of luiin win, .i.i till of S25.O00. for thn lipiu.lli nt vll!,,.!. nnd rural communities and bringing the oppprtunlty for prolltnble buslnesn In uiiii(iiik wiuiiii mo renen or modvrati cuiiltul. Many are already availing thorn neiven in mis privilege. During tho last year more ttinn $13,000. 000 of United Htatcs bonds liavo Immi mil, from the surplus ruvcniuiu of thn inmi ury nnd In addition $:5.(ioi),oo0 ot " tier reins iiuuureii, caneii ny uio government mo in iiriicesu ui paymont. 1'aciiio ran road bonds IhnuciI by the government li aid of the rnuds In the sum ot nearly ii.ihw.iam nave uucii pain sinco liccemner .it, ikii. inn ireuuury luuunco is in sut lsfnclory condition, showing on Septem i,..r.J"Ht ls.Mli,ouo, in addition to tho w genu reserve held in tlio trcas ury, ino government's relations wit ino, raciuo railroads iiavn tieon suhMu tlally closed, Ul.42l.0O') being received irom ineso rouiiii, ino greater part li cash find tho rcmuluder with ample socur iitrn mr iuyiiiuillH iieierrcii. Instead Of diminishing, us wnu nrmllnt ed four yourn ago, the volumv ot our cur rency Is grenter per cnnlla than It 1ms ever been, It was $21.10 In 1890. It tins In- reused to tlfi.U) on Ju y 1. 1500. nnd -!. on September 1, I'm Our total mone on .Inly I, IKW, was V.'M.M.'Ji'A: an July 1, 1900, It was 12.002. K3, 401, nnd I2.0JC.W.0U on September 1. i.j u r industrial unit ngricunurni condi tions are more nrom sing than they have been for many years; probably more so than they have ever been, rrosperlty abounds evorywhero throughout tho re public. I rcjolcu that the southern, ns well as the northern states, are enjoy ing n full share of these Improved nation- . al conditions and Hint nil urn contribut- I ing so largely to our remarkable iikiuh- nui development. The moneyinndtr re delves lowrr rewards for his catiltal than If it wern Invested In active business. The rates of Interest are lower than they nave ever been In this country, while thoso things which uro produced nn the farm ind In the workshop, and thu labor pro ducing them, have advanced In value. unless something unforeseen occuis to reduce our revenues or Increase our ex penditures tho congress at Its next ues slon should reduce taxation very mate rially. Klvo yours ago wo wcro selling govern ment bonds benrlnir as hlirh ns li nor cent interest. Now wo are redeeming them with n bond at par, bearing i! per cent In terest. Wn are selling our surplus pro- liets find t iii 1 1 1 1 1 lt mir snrtibiH nionnv to Kurope. Ono result of our selling to otll- ' nations so muub p.inro than wo havo bought from them during tho lust three years Is n radical Improvement of our llimmlnl relations. Thu great amounts f catiltal which have been borrowed of Kurono for our mtilil. material develop ment havo remained a constant drain up on our resources for Interest and divid ends ami made our money markets liable to constant disturbances bv culls for pay ment or heavy sales of our securities whenever moneyed stringency or panic occurred abroad. Wn have now been pay ing these debts and bringing homo many r our securities and establishing counter ailing ctedlts abroad bv our loans and placing oursidves ution a Hiiro foundation of llnanclal Independence. In tho unfortunate contest between (Ircat Ilrltalu and the liner states ot Houth Africa thn United Htatcs has main tained an ntiludo of neutrality In ac cordance with Its well known traditional policy, it did not hesitate, however, wiieii reiiuesled by tho gnverumuiit of tho Houth African republics, to cxeiclso Its good ofllces for n cessation ot hostili ties, it Is to bu observed that while thn South African republics made like re quest of other powers the United Slates is the only ono which complied. The Ilritlsh government declined to accept tho Intervention of any power. 10XTKNHION OK MlJItt'll ANT MA1UNK Nllietv-ono mil" cent nt our ixtmrlM nml Imports nro now carried by foreign ships. Kor ocean transportation wo pay annually to foreign shipowners over IlKi.UOO.OOO. Wo ought to own tho ships for our carrying trade with tho world and wo ought to build them In American shipyards and man them with American sailors. Our wn citizens should recotve tho tninsnor- tatlon charges now paid to foreigners. I havo called tho attention ot cougres to nun Huujeoi in my several annual mes sages. I now relterato these views. A subject ot Immediate imnortniico to our country Is thu completion of a groat wutorwny of commerce between thu At lantlo and Pacific. The construction of a. maritime canal Is now moro than over In dispensable to that Intimate and ready communication between our eastern unit western seaports demanded by tho annex ation ot the Hawaiian Islands nnd the expansion or our iiiiiuunce and trndo In uio ruciiie. Ollr nittlolinl nollcv morn hnnnrntlvnlv than ever calls for Its comnlotlon nml control by this government, and It Is be- uoveu mm ino nexi session ot congress, after receiving the full report oi ,no com mission apixilnteil under tho act npproved March 3, 1899, will make provisions for the siuu accomplishment of this great work. Combinations of rimllnl ivlilnh nnnlrnl the market In commodities necessary to the gcuerul use of the peoplo by sup pressing natural nnd ordinary competl- linn, iiius eniiiincing prices to tile Sfciieral consumer, are obnoxious to tho common law Ulld tlio Dublin wolf nro. Tlinv m-n dangerous conspiracies against tno pub lla good and should be made tlio subject of prohibitory or penal legislation. Pub licity win iju a neiprui iniiuenco to check this evil. Uniformity of legislation In the soverul stales should bo secured. Dln- eriminution between what Is Injurious und What Is useful and necessarv In IiuuImimm operations Is essential to tho wise and ot- lecuvo treatment or mis subject. Hon est co-opcratlou of capital Is necessary to meet now business conditions and extend our rapidly Increasing foreign trade, but conspiracies and combinations Intended to restrict business, creatu innnnimllim and control prices should bo effectively unit uuiuil, Tlio Dost servlco which can bo rendered o labor Is to afford It an iiimnrliinli.- f.ip stonily und remunerative employment nnd Rive tt every encouragement -or udvnnce- iiieiii. ino policy i..iii suiiscrvcs i...s end Is tlio truo Amorlcan policy. Tho past threo years huvo buen mora Satisfactory to American workinumeu than man- urn. ceding ycura. Any t .align of w.o present Indiifitrlal or llnanclal policy ot tno gov ernment would bo disastrous to their highest Interests. With prosperity nt homo und nn Inoreaslnir forolmi muricut for American products umnlovnient HhnuM 1,-uiiiiiuiu in wan upon launr ami wltu the preseiu gom smnuuni tno woriunemun Is scoured against payments for his labor In n depreciated currency. Kor labor a short day Is bettor lliuii n. Hhnri iiniinr ono will lighten tho burdens, tho other lessens uio rewards oi loll. Tlio one will promotu contentment mid Independence. thu other ticnur.v ami want, 'rim wmrnu of labor should bu adequate to keep the nuiim in uniiiiiiri. iMiiicnui inn ,n iiron. and, with thrift und economy, lay somo- iiiiiig ny nir uio nays or iniirmily una uiu iiku. tho American peoplo nro profoundly grateful to the soldiers, uallnrx ami mur. lues who have In uvory time of conflict loiigni ineir country untiles und do feuded Its honor. Tlio survivors and tho widows und orphans of those who have fallen uro Justly entitled to receive thu generous und considerate euro ot the nation. Kew nro now left ot those who fought In the Mexican war nnd while many oi nut veterans or tiiu civil war are still spared to us their numbers are rupuny uimiuisiiiug una uko and infirmity uiu liicroaslmr their iluinmilnni. 'I'lmun with the soldiers of the Spanish war, will inn m ni-Kiuuivii ny ineir graterut coun trymeu. The liension laws huvn hnnn in, eral. They should be Justly iulmlnlHtiri,i and will be. Preference siiould tie given to thn soldiers, sailors and marines, their wimnvn mm in inilliiH, wnu res pi) CI to em ihu) nii'iii iii uiu mimic service. AH TO KOU131UN ij:i'k.nui:ncihs. Wn havo been In possession ot Cuba since January 1, 1S99. Wu have restored order and established domestic tranquil lity. Wn have fed the starvlmr cloilimi the nuked mid ministered to thu sick. Wo have Improved tlio sanitary condition of uio isiaiiu. we navo siimuiuiou industry, Introduced nubile education and tukmi a full and comprehensive- enumeration of the Inhabitants. The quallllcatlon of elec tors has been settled and under It officers nave liven cnosen ror all the municipal! tics of cuha. Thoso locnl governmontii uro now In oporutlon, administered by the people. Our military establishment tins been reduced front 43,000 soldiers to less than C.W0. An eleetb n has be n or ! red to bo held on September IS, under a fair election law, already tried in thn inuulel- pal (lections, to choose members of a constitutional convention, nnd ttie con vention, under the samf order, N to as semble nn tho llrst Monday of November to frnnio a constitution upon which nit In dependent government for the Island will rest. All this Is a long step In tho fulfill ment of our sacred guarantiee to thu peo ple of Cuba. Wo hold Porlo ttlco by the same tltto as the Philippines. Tho treaty of ptuco which ceded us tli9 one conveyed to us tho other. Congress has given to this Island u government In which tho inhab itants participate, elect their own Icglu lature, unset their own locnl laws, pro vide their own system of taxation mid In thoso respects have tho same power und privileges enjoyed by other territories be longing to tho United States, and n much Inrger measure of self-government thnn was Klven to the Inhabitants ot Mulsluna under Jefferson. A district court of tho United States for Porto Itico tins been Inaugurated, all of whlcn nre In opera tion. The generous treatment ot the Por to Itlcnns accords wltti tha moat liberal thought of our own country und encour ages tho best aspirations of the peoplo of the Island. While they do not have In stant frto commercial Intercourse with the United States, congress complied with my recommendation by removing, on May I last, 8,1 per cent of the duties und pro viding for the removal of tho remaining 15 per cent on March 1, 1902, or earlier If the legislature of Porto Illco shall pro vide local revenues for the expenses of conducting thn government. During this Intermedliito period Porto Rlcnn products coming Into tho United Htatcs pay a tnr- '? ".fi 15 ''cr Ccnt uf tnu rnten under the Ulnglcy act, nnd our goods going to Porto ltfco pny u like 'rate. The duties thus paid and collected, both In Porto ijico mid tho united States, nre paid to the government of Porto Hlco and no part thereof Is taken by tho nntlonnl govern ment. All of tho duties from November I. UP, to June 20. 1900. nirirrririitlnir llin sum of 12.250,523.21. Pnld at tho custom nouses in tlio United Htates upon Porto Illouti products, under the laws cxb-tlng prior to tho above mentioned net nf cnn. gross, huvo gone Into the treasury of Por- io .uico in relieve tuo destitute and lor schools nnd other public purposes, lit ad dition to this wn huvo xiitiiili! for r. ll.-f. education uud Improvement of roads tho sum oi i,ai3,oi.ao. Tho United States military force In the Island tins been re duced from 11,000 to 1,500 men, nnd native ono means constitute for tno most part jui-iii I'uiiniiiniiiury. Under thn n.iu Intu niiil thn InniuM'.-n. tlon of civil government there has been a gratifying revival of business. The manufacturers of Porto Itlnn nm duvi I. ppiiig; Its Imports uro Incrcnslng; lis tnr Ift Is yielding Increased returns: Its fields am being cultivated: free schools nre Hug established. Notwithstanding he many emburrnnsinenlH Incident to a nnngo or national conditions, Porto HI o In runldly hIiowIhl- the u-nnil pni,ri nf ts new relntlons to tills nation. TIIH PIUIjIPPINK qukstion. For tho sake of full and IntRlllirnni tin. erstnndlng of tho Philippine question, nd tO KlVe tO tho llimnlr ulltln.ntlr. Iii. formation of tho acts and alms of thu Ad ministration, I present nt some length the evonts of Importance leading up to tho present situation. The purposes ot tlio executive aro best revealed und can best ho Judged by what he has dono and s uonig. n win ua seen that tho power )f the UOVerillllntlt liuu henn iiwA.t trf Mm lllierty. tho peace and tho nrostierlty of tho Philippine peonies, and thnt force tins been employed only ugalnst rprce which niooa in ino wny ot tho realization of theso ends. On tho 2.itll tit Anrll UK nnn,.r.. ,lo. clared tlint n statn of wur existed lio- iween upain and tlio cnlted States. On May 1, 1WS, Admiral Dcwoy destroyed tho Spanish fleet in Manila bay. On May 19. IWit, Major General Merritt, U. B. A., was p need In command of thu mllltury cxpu d tlon to Munllu, nnd directed among other things, to Immediately "publish u proclamation declaring that we como not to mnku war upon the peoplo of thn Phil ippines nor upon uny part or faction among them, but to protect them In their homes, In their employments unit 111 their personal and rollglous lights. All per sons who. either by active aid or by hon est submission, co-operato with thn Unit ed States In Its effortn to givo effect to this benlllcent purpose, will receive the ruwarn oi its stipport and protection." wu j my j, iwj, uiu npnnisn nect in at tempting to escnpo from Santiago harbor. Was destroyed bv tha Amnrlrnn Moot nml on July 17. 1MW, tho Spnnlsh garrison In tho city of Santlngo surrendered to the commander of tho American forces. j'oiiowing ineso tirilllant victories, on thu 12th day of August. 18118, upon tho Initiative of Spain, hostilities wore sua ptiuled and u protbcol was signed with u view to nrrmiglug terms of pence between tho two governments. In pursuance there of I appointed ns commissioners the fol lowing distinguished citizens to conduct tlio negotiations Otl the Hurt nf thn fTnlt. ed States: Hon. William It. Day of Ohio. ton. Wllllnm P. Kryo ot Maine, lion. 'llSlinnill K. Davis of Mltmn.nitn. linn. Cleorgo amy of Delaware mid Hon. Whltelaw Held of New York. In nd dressing the peaco commission before Its depnrturo for Paris. 1 said: "It Is my wish that throughout the ne gotiations entrusted to tho commission Hie purpope mid spirit with which the United Stntcs accepted the unwolcomo ne cessity of war should be kept constantly In view. We took up nrms only In obedl enco to tho dictates ot humnnlty mid In 'iiinni oi .iiiKii jiuuiic mid moral obligations. We hud no design of ng grnndlxemcnt and uo umldtlon of con quest. Through tho long course of re peated representations which precedod and aimed to avert tho struggle and In tho final nrbltrnmont of force this coun try was impelled solely by tho purpose ot relieving irrlovous wronirH umi r.i,,vii long existing conditions which disturbed nn iranniuiiity. wnicn siiockod tho moral sense of mankind and which could no longer oa enuurcii. "It Is mv earnest wlnb thnt Mm T'i,l-.l Stales In tnnktng ticaco should follow the same uigu ruio or conduct which guided It In facing wnr. It should bo ns scrupu ntis and magnanimous In the conclud ng sottloment us it was just and humane in us original action, "Our aim In thn adjustment of peaco should ba directed to lasting rcsulU uud ui mo aniuevemeni or tiie common good under tho demands of civilization, rather than to ambitious designs. "Without any orlulnul thought of rom ploto or oven purtlnl acquisition, tho pres ence and success of our nlms In Manila Imposes upon us nbllgntlons which wo cannot disregard. The march of uunts ruies anil overrules human action. Avow ing unreservedly tho purpose which has unlimited all our effort nnd still sollclt- iiun iu milium 10 u, we cannot nu unniiuit- iui iiiai viinoui miy itcsiro or design on our part the war has brought us new du ties and responsibilities which wo must meet mid discharge us becomes a sroat nniion on wnoso growth nnd career from the beulnulni; thu rulur of nntiniw im. plainly written tho high command nnd pledge or civilization," Tho treaty of peaco was concluded on December 10. 1S98. ny Its terniH the archi pelago known as the Philippine Islands was ceded by Spain to tho United Hlntes. It was also provided that "tho civil tights mid political status of tho native Inhabi tants of the territories hereby ceded to tlio United States shall bo determined by tho congress." Ulevcn dnys thereafter, on December 21, the following direction wus given to the commander of our forces In tho Philippines: . Vxo 1,"""riy commander ot tho United Statrs Is enjoined to mnku known to thn Inhabitants of tho Phlllpplno Is lands that In succeeding to the sovereignly of Spain, In severing the former political relations of tho Inhabitants and in estab lishing a now political power tho author ity of tho United States Is to bo exerted for the securing of the persons mid prop erty of thn peoplo of tho Islands and for the confirmation of all their private rights nnd relations, it will be the duty ot the commander of tho forces of occupation to nnnounco nnd proclaim In tho most pub lic manner that wo como not ns Invaders or conquerors, but ns friends, to protect tho natives In their homes, In their em ployments and in their personal mid ie llglous rights." P1HI.1PPINR COMMISSION. In order to facilitate the most humane, imclllo nnd effective extension of nuihnr. ity throughout these Islands und to secure with thu least possihlo delay, tho buncllts ot n wise mid generous protection ot Ufa nnd property to thu Inhabitants, l up pointed In Janunry, 1S99, a commission consisting of Hon. Jacob Qnuld Sehur- man of New York, Admiral George Dew ey, U. S. N,, Hon. Charles Uunby at In diana, rrof. Dean C. Worcester ot Mich igan and Major CJcnernl Khvell Otis, U. li, A. On tho Cth of Kebrunry, 1899, the treaty was ratified by tho senate of tho United States und tho congress Immediately ap propriated IW.OOO.ow to carry out Its pro visions. Tho ratifications were exchanged by the United States and Spain on tho Hth ot April, 1S99. As early as April. 1SS9, tho Philippine commission, of which Dr. Schurman wns president, endeavored to bring Lbout peaco In the Islands by repcutcd confer ences with leading Tngnlos, representing the so-called Insurgent government, to tho end that some general plan of govern ment might be offered to them which they would accept. So great was tho satisfac tion of tho Insurgent commissioners with tho form of government proposed by tho American commissioners that tho latter submitted tho proposed scheme to me for approval nnd my action thereon ts shown by the cablo message following: "May 5, U99. Hclntrmnn, Manila: Yours of the 4th received, ou are nutholtzcd to proposo tlmt tinder the miliary nowcr of the president, pending notion of con gress, government of the Philippine Is lands shall consist of n governor general appointed by the prtsidrnt, cabinet ap pointed by the governor general, a gener al udvlstory council elected by tho peo ple, tho qualifications of electors to bo carefully considered and determined nnd tho governor genet n I to huvo ubsohtte veto. Judiciary strong and Independent, principal Judges nppolntcd by tho presi dent, the cnbluot und Judges to bo chosen from natives or Americans, or botti, hav ing regard to lltncss. The president ear nestly desires thu cessation of bloodshed and that tho peoplo of thu Philippine Is lands at an early date shall have ine larg est measure of local self-government con sistent with peace and good order." In the latter part of Mny another group ot representatives came from tho Insur gent leader. Thu whole matter was fully discussed with them and promise of ac ceptance seemed neur at hand. They as sured our commissioners they would re turn after consulting with their hader, but they never did. As a result of the views expressed by the first Tngulog representative favotablo to the plan of tha commission it appears that tin was, by military order of tho Insurgent leader, stripped of tils shoulder straps, dismissed from the army and sen tenced to twclvo years' Imprisonment. Tlio views of the commission uro best sot forth In their own words: "Dcpiornuio as wnr Is, tho one In which wo nro now engaged was uiinvnldablo by us. Wo wero uttacked by n bold, ud venturous nnd enthusiastic army. No al ternative wus left to us except Ignomin ious retreat. "It Is not to bo conceived of that uny American would have sanctioned the sur render of Manila to tho Instirirciits. Our obligations to other nations und to the rriendiy Filipinos and to ourselves nnd our flag demanded that force should bo met ny force. Whatever tho future of tho Philippines may lie. tliero Is no course open to us now except tho prosecution of me war until mo lnsurgcnta are reduced to submission. Tho commission is of the opinion thnt there hus been no time atneo tho destruction uf tho Snanlsb Hauiulron by Admiral Dewey when It was possiblo 10 wituuraw our rorces rrom tlio islands either with honor to ourselves or with safety to tho Inhabitants." Satisfied that nothing further could be accomplished In pursuance of their n's ston until tho rebellion wns stippi ea. od and desiring to place beforo the congress tho rejiult ot their observations, I re quested tlio commission to return to the United States. Their most Intelligent nnd comprehensive report wus submitted to congress. In March, 1900, believing that the Insur rection was practlcnlly ended and ear nestly desiring to promote the establish ment of a stable government, I appointed the following civil commission: lion. William H. Tnft ot Ohio, Prof. Dean C Worcester of Michigan, Hon. Luko I. Wright of Tennessee. Hon. Henry C. Ide of Vermont and Hon. IJemurd Moses of California. That all might shnre In the regenera tion of the islands, nnd purticlpato in their government, I directed General Mac Arthur, the military governor of the Philippines, to Issue a proclamation ot amnesty, which contained among oilier statements the following: "Manila, P. I,, June 21. 1900. By direc tion of tho president of tho Unllvi States tho undersigned announces amnesty with complete Immunity for tho past und nb soluto liberty of action for the futiiio, to all persons who nro now, or nt nny time slncu Kobruary 4, lM'j, havo been In in surrection against tho United States in olthor a military or civil capacity, and who shall, within u period of ninety days from tho dato hereof, formally renounce nil connection with such Insurrection and siibscrlbo to a declaration acknowledging nnd accepting the sovereignty nnd nuth rlfy of tho United States and over tho Philippine lslnnds. Tho privilege herewith published is extended to all concerned without uny reservation whntovor, except ing that persons who havo violated the iaw?...f vnr during tho period of active hostilities nre not embrnced within the scone of tills umnesty. "In ordor to mitigate as much as pos Bible consequences resulting from tlio va rious disturbances which slncu havu succeeded euch other so rapidly, and to provide In some measure for dcslltuto Ullplno soldiers during the transitory period which, must Inovltubly succeed u general peace, tho mllltury authorities ot tlio United States will pay 30 pesos to each , mun who presents a rlllo in good condition." Under their Instructions the commission, composed of representative Americans of different sections of tho country and from different polltlcut putties, whoso charac ter and ability guuranty tho most tulth ful tntolligenco und putrioUo service, nre now laboring to establish Btnble govern ment under civil control, in which tho In habitants shall participate, giving them opportunity to demonstrate how far they nro prepared for seir-governmont. .TVVLc",n11l8Blon' under dato of Ausust 21. 1900. makes nn interestinjr report. Tno commission Is conlldent that "by n judicious customs law. rcasonublo land tax and proper corporation franchlso tax, Imposition of no greator rato than that n the averngo American state, will kIvo less annoyance and with peaco will nro duco rovenuos BUlIlcIent to pav the ex penses of eillclent government. Including mllltla and constabulary." They "are proimrlng ii stringent civil service law. giving equal opportunity to Klllplnos am Americans, with preference for tho for mer where qualillcations aro equal, to enter by lowest rank nnd by promotion roach tho head of tho department. A,?.r'"v,f) V!11'''' f "V'road extension tin dcr negotiation will give nccess to a mrgu provlncii rich in valunblo minerals a mile .,,, .,, on iuhj iuuijuriuc ciiniute. ltallroud construction will give employ, tnent tu many nnd communication will furnish market to vast stretches of rich agricultural lands." uio report stutes that thero nro "calls from all parts pf tho Islands for mibl o schools, school supplies and Rniuii teacners. greator than tho comniisin,. can provldo until a comprehensive school system Is organized. Night scbonti rXl touching K.ngllsh to adults nro bolng es tablished In responso to popular demand. Natlvo children show uptltttdo In learn ing l ngllsti: Spanish is spokon by a small ..i.i.,,u.. ,,, ,u ih'uimu una in a row years tho, medium ot communication t . i. courts, public ofuecs nnd botwoen differ ent tribes will bo Kngllsh: croution of a contrat government within eighteen months, under which substantially all rights described In tho bill of rights In tho federal constitution. nr ..Ki, L cured to tho peoplo of tho Philippines and will bring to them contentment, prosper ity Mflllmtttnti n.,,1 r,,illtlAni J.. . ! in en t" i''iii.ui uaiigiiicn' THUUH WAS NO AnT.IANPK at att. This shows to my countrymen what has' been and Is bolnir done tn brine n, v.J.Vi lit ot liberty nnd good government to those words of tho nation. Kverv effort has been directed to their peaco and pros perity, their advancement mid well being not for pur aggrandizement nor for pride of might, not for trade or commerce; not for exploitation, but for humanity and .iiiiiiiimi miu nir uiu Jirorecilon Of IhQ inv uiujuiii) ui uiu !uiiiilIUIHU, WHO WOl- ftnne our soverehrutv nirulnat n, .i... i . lng minority whoso llrst demand after tho surrender of tlio city thut tlicv might Nobody who will avail iitn.Hir 'V.VS'if; facts will longer bold that thero wns nny alliance between our soldiers und the lii- piiikcimh, ui nun any promise ot mile pendonce was made to them. Lone be Hire inoir loader nail rpnrim.i m n they hnd resolved If the commander of the American navy should give them arms with which to light tho Spmlsh urrn- tney would later turn upon us, which they did murderously nnd without tho shadow of cnuso or Justlllcatlon. There mny bo thoso without the means ot full Informa tion who liellcvo that we woro In nllinnco with the Insurgents nnd that wo nssured them thnt they should have Independence. To such let me reticat tho facts. On Mnv 2)',, 1S98, Admiral Dewey was Instructed liv mo to mnko no hi lance witn nny imriv or faction In tho Philippines that would incur liability to maintain tneir cause in tho future, und ho replied under dato of June 6. looi: "Hnvo acted according to spirit of department's Instructions from tlio beginning, nnd 1 have entered Into no nllinnco with tho Insurgents or with nny faction. This squadron can rcduco tho defenses of Manila ut nny moment, but It is considered useless until tne arrival ni sufllctent United States forces to retain possession. In tho report of the llrst Philippine com- mld.ln,, ah,.lll.,l n.. Mm..., .Ml. off 9 1WV Hiinoiuii, nuuiuiiici VII . u . ... i.u '" Admiral Dewey, one of Its members, said: no alliance oi any kiiui wns eniereu Into with Agulnaldo nor was nny promise of independence mndo tu him nt any time." General Merritt nrrlvcd in tlio P1U1 l- pines on July SB, 1S9S, nnd a dispatch from Admiral Dewey to tho government at Washington said: "Merritt urrived -cs-terdny. Situation Is most critical in Ma nila. Tho Spanish may surrender nt nny moment. Merrltt's most dlfllcult problom will bo how to deal witn tne insurgents under Atrulnnido. who hnvo become ug- gresslvo and even threatening toward our army." Here Is revealed the spirit ot the Insurgents as early ns July, 1698, beforo the protocol wns signed, while we woro stilt engaged tn ncllvo war with Spnln. Kven then tne inBurgcntB were inreaicn- Ing our artr.y. On August 13 Mnnlln wns captured nnd of tills nnd subsequent ovnnts tho Philip pine commission says: "When the city of Manila wns tnken August 13 thu Klll plnos took no part tn the attack, but came following fn with a view to looting the cltv and wero onlv nrcvented from do ing so by our forces preventing them from entering. Agulnaldo claimed that he had the right to occupy tho cltv ho demanded of General Merritt the palaco of Mala- canan for liimscir ami uic cession ot mi tho churches of Manila, also thnt n part ot the money taken from tho Spaniards as apolls of war should be given up, und nlinvn nil thnt ho should bo n'v11 tlio arms of tho Spanish prisoners. All these demands were refused. Generals Merritt. Greene nnd Anderson, who were in command ut thn beginning 'of our occupation, und until tho surren der of Manila, stnto that thero wns no nlleglanco with the insurgents nnd no promise to thent of Independence. On Au gust 17, 1S98, General Merritt was Instruct ed that tliero must no no joini occupa tion of Manila with the Insurgents. Gen eral Anderson: tinder dnto of February 10. 1900. says that ho was presont ul the interview between Admiral Dewey nnu the Insurgent leader, and thut In this In terview Admiral Dewey made no prom ises whatever. Ho mlds: "Ho (Agui nnldn united inn If mv uovernment was going to rpcognlzo hlo government. I answered that I was there simply In a military capacity; that I could not ncK nowledge his government, because I had no authority to do so." Would not our adversaries nave seiu Dowov's fleet to Cnnlla to canturo and destroy the Spnulsa sea power there, or, dispatching It there, would they havo witnurawn it alter ino iiosirucnon oi uiu Spanish Meet : nnd If tho latter, whither would they hnvo directed It to sa!17 Where could It have gone? What port In tho Orient was opened to It? Do our adversaries condemn thu expedition under the command of General Merritt to strengthen Dewey In tho distant ocean nnd ns-tist In our triumph over Spain, with which nutlon we were at war7 Was It not our highest duty to strike Spain at every vulnerable point thnt uio war might bo successfully concluded Qt the earnest prnciicauie moment f And was It not our duty to protect tho lives nnd nrnncrtv of thosu who enmo within our control by the fortunes of war? Could we nnvo come away at nny nmo between Mny I, IS98, and the conclusion of peaco without a stain upon our good name? Could wo have come away without dis honor nt uny time after tho rntlllcatlon of tho peuce treaty by tno senate ot the United States? Tliero lias been no tltno smco tno de struction of the enemy's fleet when wo could or should have left the Phlllpplno nrchlpelngo. After tho trenty of peaco was ratified no power but congress could surrender our sovereignly or nuennio a foot of the territory thus acquired. The congress has not seen lit to do tho ono or the other nnd thu president had no au thority to do either If he had been so in clined, which ho was not. So long as tho sovereignty remains In us It Is the duty of the executive whoever ho mny be, to uphold that sovereignty and If It be at tacked to suppress Its assailants. Would our political adversaries do less? It has been asserted thut thero would hnvo been no fighting in tho Philippines It congress had declared Its purpose to glvo Independence to the Tngnl Insur ants. Tno insurgents uiu not wnu ior ho uctlon of congress. They assumed tho offensive, they opened fire on our ar my. Those whp assert our responsibility for tho beginning of tho conflict have for gotten thut beforo tho treaty wns rati fied in tho senatu and while the Bacon resolution was under discussion, on Keb runry 4. 1S99. tho Insurgents at tucked tho Amerlcun army, ntter being previously advised that tho American forces wero under orders not to fire upon them ex cept In self-defense. The papers found in tno recently enpturcu aremves oi mo insurgents demonstrate that this attack had been carefully planned for weeks be fore It occurred. Their unprovoked us sault upon our soldiers nt a tlmn when tno sonato wan ueiioerniing upai. ino treaty shows that no action on our nurt except surrender and abandonment would nave prevented ino ngniing nnu leaves no doubt in anv fair mind ot where tho re sponsibility rests tor thu shedding ot American mood. With nil tho cxnggerated nhrase-maklng of this eleotorul contest, we are In danger ot being diverted from the real conten tion. Wo nro In agreement with all of thoso who supported the war with Spain nnd also with those who counseled tho rati fication ot the treaty ot peace, upon these two great essential steps Micro can bo no Issue and out of these cumo all of our responsibilities. It others would shirk tho obligations Imposed by the war and the treaty, we must decline to act runner wun mem nnu tioro me issun was mude. It Is our purposu to establish in thu Philippines a government suitable to thn wants and conditions of thu inhabi tants and to prepare them for self-govern ment and give litem seii-govornmeiu when they are ready for It. That I um aiming to do under my constitutional au thority nnd will contlnuo to do until con gress shall determlno tlio political Btatus of tho Inhabitants of tlio urchipelago. Aro our opponents against tno treaty If so, they must bo reminded that It could not have, been rntllled In tho sen ntc tiut for their assistance. The sennto which ratified tho treaty and tne com;rcbS which added Its sanction by a largo ap propriation comprised senators und rep resentatives of the peoplo ot all parties. Would our opponents- surrender to tho Insurgents, nbnndon our sovereignty or cedo It to them? If that bo not their pur poso then tt should bo promptly dis claimed, for only evil can result from tho hopes raised by our opponents In thu minds ot tho Filipinos, Unit with their success at tho polls In November thero will Imi a withdrawal of our urmv nnd of Amerlcnn sovereignly over tho urchlpol- ago, tho complete Independence ot tho Tagnlog people recognized und tho pow ers ot government over nil tlio other peo ples of tho nrchlpelugo conferred upon tho Tngalog loaders. Tho effect of a belief tn tho mlmU of the Insurgents that this will bo done has nlrendy prolonged tlio rebellion and in creases tho necessity for uio continuance of u large army. It Is now delaying full peaco In the archipelago mid tho estab lishment ot civil governments mid hat; In fluenced many of tho Insurgents ucaliist accepting tho liberal terms of amnesty offered by General MacArthur under my direction. Hut for theso falsa hopes a considerable- reduction could have been had In our military establishment in the Philippines mid thn realization ot n stable government would bo nlread" nt hand. Tho American people are asked by our opponents to yield the sovereignty of the United States In tho Philippines to n small fraction of tha population, a single tribe out of eighty or moro Inhnbltlii" the nr chlpelago, a fraction which wantonly at tacked tho American troops In Manila whllo In rightful possession under the pro tocol with Spain, awaiting the rutlhca tlon of the treaty of pence by tlio sen uto, and which has since been In active open rebellion ugalnst the United States, Wo are asked to transfer our sovereignty to a small minority In the Islands without consulting tho mujority nnd to abandon tho largest portion ot tho population, which has been loyal to us, to tho cruel ties of tho guerilla lnsurgont bands. Moro than this, wo aro asked to protect this minority In establishing u government nnd to this end repress all opposition of the majority. Wo uro required to set up a stnblo government In tho interest of thoso who havo assailed our sovereignty nnd fired upon our soldiers nnd then maintain It at nny cost or itacriilce ngalnst Its enemies within and ngulnst those liavlng ambitious designs from without. t This would rcqulro an army and navy or larger than Is now maintained In tho Philippines nnd still moro in oxccrs of, what will It) necessary with tha full rec ognition of our sovereignty. A military support of authority not our own as thus proposed Is tho very essence of mllltnrlsm. which our opponents tn their plnliorm oppose, but which by their policy would or necessity be established In Its most of fensive form. The American peoplo will not mako tho murderers of our soldiers the agents of tho republic to convey tho blessings ot liberty nnd order to the Philippines. They will not mnko them tho builders of tho new commonwealth. Suoh a course would bu n betrayal of our sacred obligations to tho peaceful Klllplnos und would plnco nt tho mercy of dangerous adventurers tlio lives and property of tho natives and foreigners. It would mnko possible and easy tho commission ot such utrocltles as wcro secretly planned to bo executed on tho 22d of Kebrunry, 1199, In tho city at Manila, when only tho vigilance of our army prevented tho nttcmpt to assassin ato our soldiers mid nil foreigners nnd pillage nnd destroy tho city and Its sur roundings. In short, the propostlon of thoso opposed to us ts to continue nil tho obligations in the Philippines which now rest upon the government, only changing tho relation from principal, which now exists, to that of surety. Our responsibil ity In to remain, but our power la to bo diminished. Our obligation is to bo no less, but our title Is to bo surrendered to another power, wlllch Is without experi ence or training, or the nhlllty to main tain a stublo government at home and ab solutely helpless to perform Its Interna tional obligations with tho rest cf tho w;orld. To this wa uro opposed. Wo should not yield our tltlo while our obli gations last. In tho Inngungo of our plat form, "Our authority should not bo less than our responsibility," and our present responsibility Is to establish our author ity In every part of tho Islands. Imo government can so certainly pre serve tho pence, restoro public order, es tablish law. Justice nnd Btnble condi tions ns ours. Neither congress nor tho executive enn establish a stable govern ment In theso Islands except under our right of sovereignty, our authority and our ling. And this we ure doing. Wo would not do It ns a protectorate power so completely or so successfully as wo aro doing It now. As tho sovereign power wo can Inltlato action nnd shnpi means to ends and guldo tho Filipinos to self-development and self-government. As n protectorate power we could not inltlato action, but would be compelled to follow and uphold a peoplo with no capacity yet to go alone. In the ono caso we enn pro tect both ourselves and tho Filipinos from being involved in dangerous complica tions; in the other we could not protect even the Klllplnos until after their trou ble had como. Uosldes, if we cannot establish any government of our own without tho consent of tho governed, us our opponents contend, then we could not establish a stnblo government for them or make ours a protcctorato with out the like consent, and nclthor tho ma jority of the people nor a. minority ot tho peoplo havo Invited us to nsaumo It. e could not mnlutuln n protcctorato even with tho consent of the governed without giving provocation for conflicts ?.n1 ,r.,l3?ibl.y coatly wars. Our rlglitH In the Philippines arc now freo from outsldo Interference and will contlnuo so In our present relation. They would not bo thus froe In any other relation. Wo will not give up our own to guaranty another sov ereignty. Our tltlo Is good. Our pence commis sioners believed they wero receiving a good tltlo when they concluded tho troa lJ;. Th. executive believed it was a good title when he submitted tt to tho sennto of tho United States for Its ratification. Tho senate believed It was a good tltlo when they gave It their constitutional as sent, nnd tho congress seems not to havo doubted Its completeness when they im propriated J20.00O.000 provided by tho truaty. If nny who favored Its ratifica tion believed It gave us a bad title, they were not sincore. Our titlo is practlcnlly Identical with that under which wo hold our territory acquired since tho beginning ot the government and under which we hnvo cxerc'sed full tioverolgnty and es tablished government for tho Inhabitants. It is worthy of note thnt no one outside ot tho United Stntcs disputes tho fullness find Integrity of the cession. What then Is tlio rcul issuo on this subject? Whether It is paramount to nny other or not, It ts whether wo shnll bo responsible lor tho government of tho Philippines with tho sovereignty nnd nuthorlty which enables us to guldo them to reguluted liberty, law. safety and progress, or Whotber wo shall bo responsible for tho forcible arbitrary government of a minority without sover eignty and uttthorlty on our part, nnd with only the embarrassment of a protcc torato wlllch draws us into tholr troubles without the power of preventing them. Thero nre thoso who two years ago wcro rushing us on to war with Spuln who aro unwilling now to accept Its clonr conse quences, ns there nro thoso among us who advocated tho ratification of tho treaty ot peace, but now pretest ogalnst Its obligations. Nations which go to war must be prepnred to accept Its resultant obligations, nnd when thoy mako treaties must keep them. TIiobo who profess to distrust tho lib eral mid honorable .purposes of tho ad ministration In its trentment of tho Phil ippines nro not Justified. Imperialism has no placo In Its creed or conduct. Free dom Is n rock upon wlucn tho republican, party wns bullded and now rusis. jiDerty is thn grent republican aoctrlno .uf which thn people wont to war and tor wlllch 1,000.000 lives wero offered and billions of dollars expended to make it n lawful legacy ot nil without tho consent uf mas ter or slave. Thero Is a strain of Ill-con-coaled hypocrisy In the anxiety to extend thu constitutional guaranties to tho peo plo ot tho Philippines, while their nullltl cntlon Is openly ndvocated at homo. Our opponents may distrust themselves, but tlmy have no right to discredit tho good fnlth and patriotism of tho majority ot tho people, who nro opposing them: thoy mny fear tho worst form ot imperialism with thu helpless Klllplnos In their hands; but If they do, It Is because they havo parted with the spirit and faith of tho fathers und have lost thu virility of tlio founders of tho party which thoy profess to represent. To republican party does not hnvo to nsscrt Its devotion to tlio Declaration of Independence. That Immortal Instrument ot tho futlieis, remained unexecuted until tho peoplo under tho lead of tho repub lican party In tho awful clash of battle turned Its promises Into fulfillment. It wrote into the constitution the amend ments guaranteeing political equality to Amerlcun citizenship nnd it bus never broken them or counseled others tu breaking them. It will not bo guided In Its conduct by one sot ot principles nt homo nnd unother In the new territory belonging to the united states. If our opponents would only practice as well ttB preach tho doctrines of Abra ham Lincoln there would be no fear for thn safety nf our Institutions at homo or their rightful Influonco In uny territory over which our flag floats. Umpire has been expelled from Porto Hlco mid tlio .Philippines by American freemen. The Hag of tho republic now lloats over these islands as nn emblem of rightful sovereignty. Will tho republic stay nnd dispense to their Inhabitants thu blessings ot liberty, education und free Institutions, or steal away leaving them to nnarchy or Imperialism? The Amorlcan question Is between duty nnd desertion the American verdict will be for duty and ugalnst desertion, for tho republic ugalnst both unarchy und Impe rialism. Tho obliteration of old differences, the common devotion to tho Hag and the com mon sacrifices for its honor uo cnsplcu ously shown by the mon ot tho north and south In the Spanish wnr, huvo so streng thened tho tics ot friendship and mutual rospect that nothing can over again di vide us. The nation faces tho now century gratefully mid hopefully, with Increasing lovo of country, with firm faith In Its free Institutions and with high resolves that they "shall not perish from the carth. Very rcspetttully yours, WILLIAM M'KINLEY. 4 1 .il!