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ON POVERTY'S VERGE.
AN HEnOIC OLD SOLDIER'S LAST DAYS. Ueu. John II. Tiircliln( of Crimean nl CItII War fume. Now Mylng In OI ctirlty In Illinois 111 (InlJnnt Record. In nn obscure Illinois village, nmong a colony of Poles which ho established, a noble old soldier, who fought on two continents and undor two flags, Is spending his declining years in reduced circumstances. His ease exemplifies tho truth of the old saying that "republics are ungrate ful." Tho man Is den. John B. Tur chln, whoso brigado wonnhlgh honors In tho civil wnr and under whoso command Senator Joseph B. Foraker and Congressman Charles II. Grosvo nor saw service. In his old ago these men, now high In tho affairs of gov crnmcnt, remembered their gallant old commander and secured for him a pension of J50 a month. Upon thts GEN. JOHN B. TURCHIN. meager sum tho general and his wlfo, onco the favorites In the highest court circles of Russia, manage to live, or High Hank In ltiusln. Turchln Is a Russian of high birth Ho received n thorough military train ing and roso to tho rank of colonel on tho general staff of tho Imperial guard. In the Crimean war ho was on tho staff of Alexander II. After peaco was declared between Russia, Turkey and Great Britain, ho camo to tho United States, accompanied by his wife, n lady of fortune. Ho gained a position In tho engineering depart- mest of tho Illinois Central railroad When tho civil war broke out he was mado colonel of tho nineteenth Illi nois, to which he applied tho hnblt of discipline and precision of drill which he had brought with him from Russia. The result was an organlza tlon which commanded tho admlra A widely known and highly respected Virginian, Gen. James D. Brady, died at his homo In Petersburg, on the 1st Inst. Though born In Portsmouth, Va., April 3, 1843, deceased was in busi ness in Now York city at the opening of tho civil war. Ho espoused tho federal side, enlisted in tho Thirty seventh New York volunteers as a private, and was mado adjutant Soon after ho was promoted to tho colonelcy of tho Sixty-third regiment, of the Irish brigade, commanded by Colonel Thomas Francis Meagher. While lead ing the regiment In Its charges upon Mary's Hlghts at Fredericksburg, he was shot twice. He recovered from his wounds In time to serve ns an inspector general on Gen. Samuel Zook's staff at Gettysburg, and was by his side when ho was killed . In tho peach orchard. In the Wilderness tho general was shot again, but was able to resume actlvo duty at Cold Harbor, where ho was shot through tho abdo men, the ball passing through his body. t The surgeons thought he had no chance to live, but, to tholr surprise he recovered after six months' Illness and served until tho end of. the war. His courage, fortitude and strength wero tho marvel of his associates-. Ho was cheerful amid suffering and his geninl qualities, always In evidence, did not desert him when ho was racked with pain or when tho surgeon's knife was repairing tho ravages of tho bul let. INDIGO PLANTERS. Germany'a Chemical Product Injurlac Trmlo In Natural Cultivation. Tho vegetable Indigo industry Is largely concentrated in ihe province of Bengal, tho most donsely populated district of one of tho most crowded countries In tho world. The business of making Indigo by purely chemical methods Is carried on in Germany, nnd is a triumph ot Teuton. c scholarship nud enterprise. Tho produce of tho factory at Ludwlgahafcn Is equivalent to tho crops on 250,000 acres In India, and tho output Is steadily growing. For a long tlmo tho Germans had diffi culty In making purchases oi dyo stuffs to understand that tho artlclo which they mado was not nn Imitation or a substitute, but was tho samo thing as tho vegetable Indigo. Tho two camo from different sources, but wore identi cal In nnturo and properties. Tho world now recognizes this fact, and tho cost of production hn3 come down so that the indigo planters of Asia are In a panic. Two plans for the relief ot tho Bengal agriculturalists have been suggested. Sir William Hudson, presi dent of tho organization, haj called tho attention of tho government to tho fnct that In tho early part of tho cen tury fiiigar was cultivated In India in Alternation with Indigo, nnd that such n rotation of crops would reduco tho j GEN. JAMES D. BRADY 1 AAAAAVSAAVWSAASiVWVWAAMVVWVVWVVSMWWV Hon of nil regular army officers, When Gen. Don Carlos Buell was ap pointed to command south 6f tho Ohio, he recognized In Turchln n tnc tlclnn of high degree of excellence, and promptly put hlra In command of a brigade. Ills ability In working out problems In military strategy madd him famous In the army within a few months. Cotirt-MnrtlaloiT. But In tho midst of his promising curecr, General Turchln encountered an experience which Bcem destined to end his usefulness. He Wns tho sub ject of a court-martial Investigation, to Turchln, with his years In tho Eu ropean campaigns, wnr was wjir from tho day hostilities began. To many civilians, and even to regular army officers who obtained high command In tlio United States nrmy, war was something that had to be learned. A strnngo disinclination to hurt some body Impressed itself In military poli cy. Turchln couldn't understand It. In Missouri General Pope had said to hm: "You must starvo la your tracks rather thun tako nnythlng from civil ians.' "Isn't It a state of wnr? ' tho Rus sian asked. Had there been a full complement of Turchlnu holding command In tho union army the civil war would not have lasted half as long or cost half ns much In blood or treasure. Tho Rjisslan restrained himself as much ns ho could, but he was unablo to wago war as mildly ns his super lore wished. At length the Issuo camo In a crturt-martlal. One of Turchln's regiments was attacked and driven out of an Alabama city. The general, with tho other regiments, went to tho rescue. The town was retaken, soma stores were broken open. Upon this was based the charges. Tho court martial was of Turchln as colonel of tho nineteenth Illinois. Beforo the unfavorable findings could tako effect tho appointment of Turchln to bo n brlgadlei' general for his admirable record had been made. Garfield was president of tho court-martial. rounded n Colony. Without political Influence, solely upon his merits, the Russian made himself a power in tho later campaign ting. He was with Thomas at Chlcka Jmauga and his brigado was part of the front' which held like a rock through tho second dny, saving what was loft of tho union army from crushing defeat. He marched with Sherman to tho sea, and when that campaign closed resigned and went back to civil life. Twenty years ago he went to Poland and brought over a colony of Kosciusko's people, whom ho established In tho fertile areas of southern Illinois, In a villngo called Radom. Here he has lived ever since at times within tho very grasp ot poverty. In I860, Gen. Brady mado his home In Norfolk, Va., and, as a Republican was placed In charge of tho navy yard. Ho was elected to congress &ev oral times and was the national Re publican committeeman from Vlrglnln for many years. He was made collec- GEN. JAMES D. BRADY, tor of Internal revenue at Richmond, Va., by President Hayes, and mado so good a record as to bo retained under every Republican administration since. Ho was an eloquent speaker, and the Irish-American element ot Virginia feel they have lost their foremost son In tho death ot tho gallant general at tho early ngo ot 57, coo: or growing tho late:. ThlB would prove even more obvious If modern methods of growing cano wern mlnnr ed. Honco Sir William is In Tavor ot continuing to raise veeotniii and trying to lessen tho cost In tho mnnncr noro Indicated. An address on this samo subject wns rnenntiv .in llvored at tho meeting of tho Gorman uncmicai society In Berlin. Dr Brunck, managing director of thr. porntlon which manufactures chemical indigo, deemed a still more radical change In tho practice of Indian plant era ndvlsahle. Ho believes Mint t would bo bettor for them to elvn nn growing Indigo altogether, nnd to ralso toon stuns instead. The freminnov famines In thnt part of tho world gives additional point to his advice. In tho meantime tho Government nf imiin Investigating the subject. New York Tribune. rattl'n Taile for Diieiton, Mine. Pnttl possesses a most curious taste -for pointed weapons of all kinds, daggers being her chief favorites. Sho has a largo collection of them, many having histories attached, and most of them being ot qulto small size. Tho Russian ministry of communi cations hns decided to adopt petroleum for gcnerntlng motlvo power on the lo comotives of all the railways. was NeE NEWSBOY The man who is slated to succeed tho late Marcus Daly as president and gen eral manager of the Annconda Mining company resembles In mnny respects his sturdy predecessor. He Is Ilemy H. Rogers, one of tho vice presidents of the Standard Oil company. His life Is a record of what a poor boy with energy nnd pcrservcrnnco can ac complish In tho United States. He ia one of those remarkable Americans who has worked his way from n news boy to tho rank of u millionaire nnd n position nmong tho grcntest ot the world's business directors. Mnrvolous an was Marcus Daly's rlto from pov erty to afllucnce, even more marvelous has been the rise of this man Rogers. Daly grew up among mines nnd min ers und nearly all his youth wns an apprenticeship In tho business that eventunlly mado him rich and famous. Rogers, llko Dally, was early thrown upon his' own resources. Like Daly, also, ho comes from poor nnd humble stock. Unlike Daly, ho has striven In mnny fields of commercial enter prise, nnd from each of them he has exacted tho toll that only succcs3 awards. Ho Is mighty In many ways. Daly was mighty In only one. Hold I'nper for n I.lTlnc-Fifty-llvo years ago Henry H. Rog ers was selling papers for a living on tho streets of New Bedford, Mass., then tho port of n grent fleet of whalers, That was beforo the day of oil wells and when tho sperm oil trado was at its zenith. Knocking nround among tho whalers and oil refiners, It Is prob able that young Rogers then engnged In dreams ns to the standing and wealth which awaited tho man who might succeed In controlling tho oil HENRY II. supply of the world, for he says that he always favored tho combinations of capital which are now called trusts' and early saw the advantages which they offered. Ho worked hard to sell his newspapers, but In those days there vas not tho fc.mand for current rend ing which now exists) and the profits of his business wore very small and uncertain. This caused him much worry, for ho was expected to give as sistance to tho support of his home, which was in Fnlrhaven, Conn. He sought a Job which would yield n steady Income and was employed In n grocery store nt S3 a week and board. Ho made tho most of IiIh allowance for board and sent hlB weekly salary of ?3 home. For five years ho re mained in tho employ of tho grocer nnd was gradually advanced to tho position of head clerk. When oil was discovered In Pennsylvania New Bo ford soon became ns dead as a mining town thnt had been abandoned In n rush for now diggings. Young Rogers went to tho oil fields. He knew many things nbout tho oil trnde In New Bed ford nnd his knowlcdgo wns of the prnctlcnl kind. Ho readily found prof ltablo employment and had soon formed a personal acquaintance with tho oil barons. Ho saw opportunities when they presented themselves and was' ablo to formulto plans to fit them, Ills Ideas for saving and marketing tho product of tho wells wero so good that ho was employed by ono of tho big operators to carry them out. This position stimulated him to new ef forts nnd ho began to dream again of the wealth and Influence of tho man who could control the oil trado of tho country. Founder of Htnndiiril OH Company. Rogers Is not generally credited for tho brnlnwork that made, tho Standard Oil company possible nnd successful, but It wns ho who suggested tho plan from which It hns grown and has al ways been ono of its ablest directors. Acting upon plana submitted by him mnny of tho largo operators pooled their interests nnd this was tho Incep. tlon of tho company. Later tho com pnny was Incorporated, Rogers wns mado a director and for some time bus been n vice president. Through his a Now Probable Successor to MaVcus Daly e connection with tho company ho grow Immensely rich. The grocer's clerk at ?3 per week, CO years ago, Is now reputed to bo worth $G5,000,000. Some years ngo he noticed that new elec trical Inventions were eating up cop per faster than the mines 'could pro duce It and camo to tho conclusion thnt wealth nwnltcd tho owners of copper mines. He went to Wisconsin and Montana, visited tho copper re gions nnd studied the situation. When ho returned to Now York ho had formed his plans nnd soon tho Amal gamated Copper company, with tho millions of the Standard Oil company back of It, wns formed. Tho subse quent advance in tho price ot copper from 11 to 18 cents showed tho vnluo of his business Judgment. lie ad mits that his purposo was, and Is, to establish a copper trust, but 'ho can not scoro a complete success In this endeavor until tho syndicate acquires tho great Verde copper mines of Ari zona, owned by W. A. Clark of Mon tana, and In Wall street Mr. Clark is credited with having mado tho dec laration thnt he would not only novcr sell to the copper trust, but thnt he would leave the mines to his children so safc-gunrded that even they should not bo nble to turn them over to the trust. An tlio Man I. Henry II. Rogers Itf now 07 years old. Ho does not look to bo past 45, Ho Ib well preserved, stalwart and his bearing is like thnt ot n man who trained In n mllltnry school. While he Ib courteous nnd nffnble In his social relations lie Is n hard taskmaster and n bitter and relentless foe. There is a lot of bulldog in the man; he Is tear ROGERS. less, combative, energetic and tireless. Ho olso is stubborn; onco convinced he la unchnnKoable. In these character istics ho resembles In n groat degrco tho man whom he will succeed ns tho head of the Anncondu company. Ho has a magnificent homo nt tho comor of Fifth avenue nnd Fifty-eighth street. Now York city, nnd n country homo nt lalrnavcn Which Is ono ot tho show places of Now England. Ho has spent more than a million dollars In beauti fying his country rcsldonco nnd Its surroundings nnd as much more for tho benefit of tho town which was his home when ho was a poor boy. In speaking of trusts, ho says: "My idea of a trust Is that it economizes and brings before tho pcoplo tho best prod uct at the lowest prices. That la what the Sugar trust Is dolmr. That 1h what the Standard Oil company hns done. I know thnt trtiBts nro goo things." Dojr n n Dutcollvo. Tho officer whoso duty It is to en iirco the game laws of Knnsns recent ly had reason to suspect that some market hunters wore Illegally shipping qunll from Wellington, hut the gather ing of evidence was found to bo an nl most, Impossible task. Finally tho of ficers borrowed a poluter dog nnd took It to tho freight dopot, nnd tho anlmnl promptly centered Its attention upon n lurgo ogg cose. Tho caso was opened, nnd undor Its two top layers of eggs wero found several dozen quail. Tho law breakers wore found without diffi culty upon reference to tho rnllrond company's books, and arrests promptly followed. Ifor Stealing Klnntrlo I.lclit. Ah Sin's propensity for walking in ways thnt nro darft has been demon strated In New York's Chinatown, where nine Mongolian merchants and restaurant hoopers hnvo been arrested for stealing several thousand dollars' worth of electric light from tho Hdleon company. Tho theft wiih accomplished through tho uso of an Ingonlous dovlco nrrnnged by an export electrician, who farmed It out to the Chinese nt $10 per month. TOLD BY A NEAT LIAR. CHARACTERISTIC STORIES OF JOE MULMATTAN. Tho I'oor Fellow It Now In n Madliouno Nc-cr Tolit Mm Thnt Mil Anyono TcMonnl Injury Tlio Natural Foun tain. There Is no change in the condition ot Joe Mulhnttan, the famous newspa per correspondent who Is now In a mndhotiBO In Arizona, and no likeli hood of lits recovery, Bnya a PhPo'onlx dispatch last week, Slnco tho an nouncement was made of his misfor tune, nil sorts ot reminiscences have been brought out concerning him. Mul hnttan rather prided himself on his ability to Invent falsehoods thnt were entertaining. He was never vicious nnd novcr defamed anyone. He merely tried to outdo Munchausen and he ap pears to have succeeded. Tim (llrl nml I lie Ilnlloon. The following, which was one of Mulhnttnn'B first, gives some Idea ot his life: There was a man by tho nnmo of John Smith of Lludon, Knn., who be- enmo ncqunlntcd with a little girl at the seaside. She wns a nice girl, nnd her nnmo was Lulu Avery, from Al bany, N. Y. He bought the little girl n bunch of toy balloons. She wrap ped tho string holding them about her waist, and when n strong gust of wind enmo the bnlloons sailed away and carried her with them, to tho hor ror of her new friend, An old hunt er out In tho fields saw tho predica ment of tho little girl nnd fired so thnt ho exploded two of tho balloons. The othora nctcd ns n parachute, nnd tho little girl Bnfely descended to tho ground and thanked her rescuer. In 1833 telegrnph editors In nil the Importnnt cities of tho country re eclved n telegrnm In tho course of tho news service which read: Htory of tlio Natural Fountain. "McCook, Neb., June 14. A slight enrthquako shock was felt in- this vi cinity nt 5 o'clock this evening. Houses shook, dishes In cupboards were rat tied and soverul people In tho strcots nt tho tlmo wero thrown down. It Is reported that CO miles north of hero n great llssuro has opened iu tho ground nnd that water Is gushing from It. Investigating parties will start out tomorrow." Thnt is a harmless squib which everybody accepted without Juat do- JOB MULHATTAN. tectlng Its earmnrks. A week Inter a number of southern papers of reputa tion received n typewritten nccount of tho "flowing nnd spouting well" of Mc Cook, Ncb which an earthquake had created. Tho story was circumspect. It de scribed tho earthquake, tho opening of u fissure In the plain land a hundred feet wldo and of bottomless depth. This llssuro was loeuted in tho arid wasto of tho state, whero water was most needed, and where for tho lack of it settlement was next to impossible Aft er It had opened n stream gushed forth which roBc 50 feet above the surface of the earth. It overflowed the land, created small streams, was confined to courses by tho delighted ranchmen, nnd people somo distance nwny camo A NOTED One of the most noted Episcopal clergymen lu tho west Is Rov. Dr. Clin ton Locke, tho dean of the church In Chicago. For 41 years ho has been as Boclated with Grnco church In that city. Clinton Locko was horn In Now York city In 1829. From the public schoola ho went to tho academy at Sing Sing, and from tho neudemy ha went to Union college nt Schencctndy, from which ho wnH graduated In 1849. Thon ho beenmo a prlvato tutor for two years, after which ho entered tho gen crnl seminary of the church. In 1855 ho wns ordained deacon nt Dobb's Ferry. From there ho wns called to n Jollet (111.) church. In 1859 Dr. Locke was callod to Grnco church, then a smnll parish with n small building, in Chicago. He found It a struggling congrogntlon, nnd, ns the shepherd ot tho llttlo flock, ho gave It all tho force and strength of his charactor. The church grew un der his ministry. In 18CI Dr. Locko" took tho Initiative In founding a church hospital. His congrcgutlon wns with him, and Ht. Luke's wns founded In that year, an Institution that for years has taken a front place In the hospitals ot tho big western city. In 1895 nn affection of tho thront de veloped, and Increased in soverlty un til ho wns compelled to tnke lcavo of with barrels to cart tho water to thel barren fnrm patches. Tho artlclo went, on to sny that owing to this kind ac tion of nnturo tho problem, of Irrlgn-' tlon In Western Nebrnska had been solved, that water for millions of acres was now nt hand, and that set tlers wero poulng In by every train. There wns not n sldo or phase of the story thnt was not carefully covered. Needless to say that tho newspapers printed It; thnt It was rccoplcd In. northern papers, nnd thnt finally It, reached the eyes of tho astounded citi zens, of McCook, who had enjoyed no, carthnunko, no earth fissure, nnd wero as much without Irrigation water ns they ever were. Tho story was only a "Mulhnttan." NEW BRITISH PEERS. Sir Michael Hicks-Bench and Sir Matthew Ridley, who havo Just boon elevated to the pecrago of England, were tho chancellor of the exchequer and homo secretary In tho Inst cablnot.. Ridley la tho eldest son of tho late Sir Matthow V h 1 1 o Illiltev fifth Imron- A f ------ i. ct of this title, and -i succccdetl his thcr In 1877. began his parlla mcntnry career In 18GS, when ho sat for Northumber land, which consti tuency ho rcprc- w ""y. sentcd until 1885. In 1830 he was re turned for n constituency lu Lanca shire. Ills wife, tho very populnr daughter of Lord Twr.cdmouth, tiled last year. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach Is the ninth baronet ot his namo. He succeeded his fa ther In 1854, and tins been prominent In British politics alnco 18C4. His first 1 m portant office was that of chief; ecrctary for iro- land, to which ho was appointed lu 1874, when ha was sworn on Urn privy councll.Slneo Mr. Beach. that tlmo ho has occupied numerous high offices, participating lu tho tips nnd downs of tho conservative party with Imperturbability. Old l'rlmld. Ah yes, our hands met hero nnd there. Our wnndorlng eyes met now and then, About Llfo's crowded thoroughfare But coldly Bcelng wc wore mcn. And looks arc slight, and hands ' ,nro slow, And words so hard to say, nnd weak; , ,, Kven tho best the poets know Mcnn moro than oven thoy can speak. Tncn Death struck lightning through tho nlr; A rock wns rent, set frco n henrt; And two old friends' communion eharo When one lies speechless und npart. A Jfonr (loriuan riiutnlimriit. Tho young Germans who omlgrnto to America nnd elsowhcro without, do ing their fnlr sharo of military service hnvo long been n thorn In tho aide oC officialdom. A method of dealing with this Btnte of things hns at last boon hit upon which bids fnlr to work suc cessfully. Ono Frledrlch Grobblor, a runaway, settled In Kansas, has boon Infoimcd by tho Gormnn military au thorities by cable that ho must 're port at homo for duty, nnd notifying him that unless ho returns and serves him tlmo his father will bo fined a Bum equivalent to 200 pound. If thla, procedure Is followed out In ovory cam German fathers nro likely to bo tray a moro nffcqtlonato lntorcst In, keeping their sans at homo. MoUtars NeetloJ by Oak Troor. OO.T. 1 An ouk troo of averogo slvso, with 700,000 leaves, lifts from tho earth Into tho air about 123 tons of water during tho five months It Is In leaf. PREACHER his church, to the regret of every mem ber. Although his eloquence la no moro heard, ho ministers to his fellow men through tho medium of written language Ho is n romarknblo linguist and hits pursued his paBslon for lltcrn turo Into mnny tongues. Ho Is novcr REV. DR. CLINTON LOCKE, (Tho denn of tho Episcopal church In Chicago.) Idle. Ho passes hours every day In his sunny library, with his books nnd his papers, Ho writes for denomina tional pnpera, und occasionally for tho magazines, und hns published several books thnt have proved acceptable to tho public. lyiBi ffoi