Newspaper Page Text
WORKINGS OF CHILD'S MIND Society Organized In England to Solve Mysterious Influences Govern- Ing Little i Folks. Thoro Is In London, England, on or ganization known as tho Child Study society, members of which dovoto tholr tlmo to studying tho mysteri ous workings of children's minds. Dur ing tho last two years, for Instance, tho association has boon conducting on Inquiry to ascertain what games and what toys English chlldron like best and why. Nino thousand forms hnvo boon dls trlbutod to school children botwoon thrco nnd thlrtocn years of ago, and tho results aro now nnnounced. Both with glrla and boys "Ring of Rosea" was an cosy first favorite among games between tho agos of throo and six. A common reason for this prof oronco was "Becauso I liko to fall down." After that skipping, for girls, camo tiext, but the boys were strong for crlckot nnd football' and horses. In Bplto of rumors to tho contrary tho doll remalnB tho favorite toy with Eng. llsh girls. Next in popularity camo a doll's carriage, and third a doll's houso. Doys, It seems, aro much moro liberal In tholr tastes 'and go In for engines, horses, bells nnd magic lanterns. Books aro hardly over men tioned. Tho reasons given by chlldron woro often quaint. One child volunteered tho statement that "games tako totro'a mind oft unpleasant thoughts nnd duties." Qthors gavo reasons such as "keeps chlldron from worrying their parents," or, "keeps mo In at night." Up to tho age of ton lovo of power wob tho prevailing sontlmcnt, and rea sons for preferring ono toy over anoth er took tho form of an answer such as "I liko to make It obey me." Telling Time. . "What tlmo Is It, Qraco?" asked xthrce-ycar-old Eva from her llttlo bed. I "A quarter to eight," Qraco replied. "No; I don't think it is.". "Yes, dear, it Is." "Well, I'll look when I get up In tho morning." BOY MAKES NOTABLE RECORD Earl Hopping, 15-Year-Otd Arkansas Lad, Raises Fifty Bushels of Corn on Rocky Soil. It remained for Earl Hopping, n 15-year-old boy, Bon of O. P. Hopping, ;llvlng three and n half miles from Rogers, Ark., to rat so fifty bushels of corn on an aero of ground conceded to bo tho rockiest aero of ground in Benton county. Tho ground is literally covered with flint rock, says tho Kansas City Star. Earl Hopping say's that no attempt Is mado to clear tho ground of rocks smaller in sizo than a man's head. Tho boy cultivated his aero accord ing to Instructions from tho United States farm demonstration depart ment. Ho was assisted In his work by his goat. Tho goat hauled tho rock from tho ground In tho homemade wagon nnd hauled tho manure to tho ground. It dragged tho cultivator and wob aa faithful and competent as any other The Boy, His Goat, hls Implements and Corn He Raised. . animal would havo been, possibly 'moro successful, becauso of Its slzo, whllo Its dainty, careful feet ran less risk in Injuring tho stalks during the Into cultivations. ' Earl Hopping has written his meth od of procoduro for Tho Star and has ftold graphically how ho worked to accomplish such tesults on apparently .worthless ground. Incidentally, it may bo remarked that the letter la given exactly as tho boy wrote it. Thero was nptxan error In spelling nor la grammar, and tho writing was beyond criticism. Which loads to tho sldo remark that Intelli gence 1b found In the successful farm er as surely as It Is found in tho suc cessful maangcemnt of any business. Earl Hopping writoB that ho farmB as his father taught him, and his fath er wns raised in Kansas on & farm. His letter follows: "I plowed my corn ground In Febru ary with ray father's farm team a Jack and a Jenny breaking tho When tho wlqtr mornings corns, And the snow Is everywhere, Whlto and crisp; and Ice la felt In each biting breath ot nlr. Children love to lie abed, For tho room Is cold and dim; And tho wash-water In the bowl Is always frozen to the brim. Uh, how cold are shoes and clothes! Oh, tho shivers up one's backt When ono steps upon the floor All tho boards and ratters crack. Then It Is that summer days In ono's memory seem moro bright! ThoUKh winter days aro not so bad It Is the dreadful winter nlghtt trading Knives is his fad Superintendent of Philadelphia 8un day School Develops Queer Pao slon In Short Time. Boys nro not alono In their lovo of swapping things. A Sunday school superintendent In Philadelphia told his class recently that ho had con trncted tho dlseaso a fow weeks provl ously and that ho had it bad. "I never play cards or any other gamo of chunce," ho said, "but I aim ply can't resist trading- knives. friend of mtno held his knlfo In his closed hand nnd offered to trado It for tho ono I had In my pocket. Ab my knlfo had all tho blades broken didn't seo how I could got tho worst of It, nor did I, for his had ono whole blado. Since then I havo traded knives nlno times and I havo finally secured through various stages a real ly flnp knlfo with a pearl handle. Yet If I come acroBB a man who wants to tradp I don't think I could rcnlst, al though now I would be pretty sure to get tho worBt of tho bargain. It would servo mo right If I should bo stuck with my original, old, bladeless knlfo." His Promotion.' "How nro you .cottlnir nlnnc nt school, Johnnie?" asked a father of his six-year-old hopeful. "Guess teach er's going to promoto mo," replied Johnnie. "What makes you think bo?" asked tho proud father. "Because," answered tho precocious youth, "sho said today that if I kept on I'd soon bo In tho criminal class." ground about ten Inches doop. Near mo tlrst of April I harrowed it both wnyB, then marked off tho corn rnwn both ways with a singlo stock plow, ana dropped and covered tho corn by hand. I then took tho goat and his cart and haulod about threo hundred cart loads of manuro and put' on the crosses. "When tho corn bocamo largo enough to cultlvato I took an old onion, or garden, plow and tho gonl stirring tho ground about foui inches deep. I cultivated tho corn flvo or six timotf, plowing it first ono way through then turs'ns the oth er way. I, do not romembcr bow mnny times It rained during tho last season, but It was not a Very cood corn year. Tho ploco of ground on which I raised my prlzo corn was farmed two seasons previous to last season. Wo do not bother to rid the ground of Btono unless they aro so largo that tho doublo shovel or culti vator cannot roll them around: nnv thing as largo as ono's head wo throw In piles, then tako the goat and his cart and haul them off. I do not know tor exactly how many hours per day 1 workod In tho corn. I do most of tho farming. Wo got into tho field as early jib tho..dow will allow. My fa thor "does not bollevo In cult! vating any kind of crop whllo tho dow Ib on. I would work all day If It did not got too hot for tho goat, turning out in tho ovonlng In timo to do tho chores before dark, Tho only efforts wo nro making in tho way of success, ful farming is deep 'plowing, plenty of manuro and plenty of cultivation to keep tho weeds out nnd tho ground looso. Wo havo not sold our crop. Wo food it. Corn hero Is hardly over worth less than fifty cents per bush, el." Tho accompanying illustration shows a stack of tho foddor, n box of tho corn, and the rough ground. Tho tools shown woro the only ones used In farming this acre. Tho plow to which tho goat is hitched is tho onion plow, whllo tho plow Insldo tho home made cart Is a homemade plow. BEST VARIETIES OF GEESE Toulouse, Embdon, African, Brown China and Wild Canadian Aro Most Desirable Breeds; Tho most dosirablo varieties of fcoso for domestic purposes nro tho roulouso, Embdon, African, Brown China, and tho wild Canadian, for !ros8-niatlng with those. Whoro but i small spaco Is at hand, it Is ndvls iblo to limit tho number to two vnrl itlos. Tho Toulouso has dark or gray plumage, tho Embdon puro whlto; tho (Vfrlcan gray; tho Canadian Is nl Host black and white. In tho enso of ducks, tho rntlo of ono male to four 3r flvo females will provo Buccdssful whllo with gooso, tho rntlo should not excocd ono mnlo to two or thrco fo- miles. Tho Canadian varloty always mntos in pairs. It Is used largely to cross i I. Wl A Profitable Flock. mato with tho rest of theso for produc Ing tablo Beeso. Tho boBt mating for1 this purpose Is tho vCanndlan gandor with tho African gooso. Theso prdduco tho most deslrablo gradti of mongrel gooso, tho most dosirablo for tablo pur poses. It is difficult to succocd with '.ho mating of a wild Canadian gander and nn African gooso, but whon onco this has been accomplished, they will remain constant, and should novor bo Eopnrated as long ns thoy live. Ono or two pairs of theso could bo kopt on any farm and would ralso a suf' flclont number to supply any family during tho winter. If tho caro nocos sury to handling theso Is not willing ly displayed, It would bo bettor to keop a fow of tho Toulouso or tho Embdon. , HANDY FOUNTAIN FOR WATER Convenient Way of Watering Fowls Is Shown In Illustration Easily Removed for Cleaning, A convenient way of watering fowls Is suggested by tho drawing horowlth. A wlro Ib twisted twice around two pIckotB or panels In tho fenco or against two stakes sot close together and a loop extended down so as to fit lnstda a tomato can or othor small water ves sol, says tho Orango Judd Farmer. A llttlo notch or a rail for tho bottom of Watering Device. tho can to rest upon whon filled will prevent slipping, nnd yot not interfere with tho removal of tho tin when cleaning Is uecossary. DOETRTNOTEC Cats lovo ducklings, aa do rats. Sour food causes bowol troubles. It Is easier to check dlseaso at tho sjart than to euro It later. It payB to savo tho egg shells nnd crush them up for tho hens. Removing tho cnuso of dlseaso la cheaper than curing tho sick fowls. The overcrowding of young chicks Is an ovll which many do not consider. Crowded quarters and poor venti lation will muko an unthrifty, unpro ductive flock. Ono can novor havo a flock of roc- ord-brcaklng egg-producers if any of thom are unhealthy. Tho run of stuff to mnrkot those days is mndo up mostly of old hens and Yonornbla roosters. Thero Is something In producing eggs at present prices. Bo good to tho hens. They need extra attention now. There is no reason why tho poul- tryman should not grado up IiIb Hock as effectively as tho dairyman grades up his herd. It la not a good policy to allow tho o"ung and old stock to run togother, nnd tho cockrols should bo sopuratod from tho pullets. Insignificant matters often do not attract attention, yet a llttlo crack In tho poultry house, if near whoro tho fowls roost, will causo Buffering soon er or lator. Thoro nro various points that aro considered important in poultry rais ing but tho egg baskot 1b usually tho ultimate standard up to which ovory hen must measure. Eggs are tho thing. It 4 When a Saint Intervened By SUSANNE GLENN (Oop7riBt, Ml, br "Miss Janet has been down to get her vnlentlnos," giggled Flossio Brown, peeping out at tho trim flguro hurrying past. "Flossio Brown will bo making fun bocauso I went to tho poatofllco to day," murmured Miss Janet to horsulf, seeing tho Baucy, peering fnco, "but I don't enrol J Just had to go! Now If I can get homo without seeing hlm! But behind her sharp stopB crushed tho snow and rnng clcnrly on tho crisp air, and a moment Inter James Wybrant hurried past her with averted face. Had ho, too, boon look. Ing for n vnlcntlno? Poor Miss Janet shrank nwny from him In tho dull Fobrunry twilight llkp n guilty thing. Yet Bho hnd not tho fnlntest Idea what had changed tho man's lovorllko attentions to an enmity of ten wenry years duration. And it happened on Saint Vnlontiue's dny. "I wna qulto young and pretty, thon," sho murmured n llttlo patheti cally, "and now I'm Just 'Aunt Janet,' an undeslrnblo but rnthor convenient member of somo ono olsu'a fam lv." Tears sprang to hor eyes, and hor lips quivered. "I don't enro If I do cry. I should think 1 might hnvo that prlvllogo onco In a while, and thero Ib novor tlmo at homo." Miss Janet found no privacy In her brother's family. A11 day thero woro nover-endlng duties for her willing hnndB, nnd nt night thoro was nlwnya tno oldost nolco. whom bIio had nltv lugly taken In when tho second baby camo, and who now began to look upon Aunt Janet as an unnecessary adjunct to their room. Ton years, and it aoomed like yes- tcraay, so close had sho hold thn memory. Hor heart hurried a llttlo ana hor thin cheeks Hushed aa sho saw again tho happy girl In hor pink, frilly frock who waited In tho llttlo pnrior ror tno man who had oven now passed her with such slighting cold noss. How cnrofully ho onco hnd wrapped ner in tnownrm robes. How ho had cared for hor with tho tondor atton tlons dear to woman's heart bnfnrn vl tho young people gathered at tho rustic party. How his volco had thrill oa as no bado hor good nlcht under tno blinking stars. "Tommorw is Snlut Vnlontlno's day." ho had romlndod hor. "Yon neocin't Bond mo a Valentino, dear: I'll como nftor it mysolfi" "And ho novor enmu! Ho novor camot" Mlsa Janot now sobbed out right- "I will not think of It." sho cried with Buddon vehomonco, "nnd I'll never bo euch a poor, wonk cooso as to go for tho mall on Valentino day again I I'll just hurry homo nnd go to work. No ono sooma to wnnt mo. But 1 will not bo u Billy, aelf-pltylng creaturo another day of my llfol" James Wybrant throw his mnll tin. on tho living room tablo with a do. llant lllng. Tho dally papor, a farm Journal ana nn advortlaomunt for sta tionary gasollno engines. Well, whut did vou oxnopt?" hn demanded harshly. Drawlntr n olllllr liofnrn tJm Itrn tm 1 " vvswsv vu Uf W Bat down moodily to await his houso- keeper's, call to supper. "You havo boon Insufferably rude," urged tho gentlo snlrlt of tho man In. slstently, "nnd sho looks thin and worn and tired." "But sho prefers this llfo to mo." whisporod Prlda. "Sho did hor own choosing." "Still, sho wna only a clrl sho may havo changed hor mind." "Sho filial! llvo bv hor own flonla. ion," flared Prldo, "and bo shall I!" "But will not llvo hnnnly there olwnys will bo tho regret, and hor unhnpplncsB boforo you!" "Thon," cried Jumos Wybrant nloud, "I'll go whoro I can llvo in poacol" All through his Bllont meal his mind was at work. Ho would go to his brother, who waB always begging him to como Bouth. A neighboring farmer would gladly rent his land, nnd tho old nouBcKoopor could llvo on In tho houso as long as sho desired. "1 II sea Fred Hall tomorrow morn. Iiik about tho nlaco.' ho thought, nnnn moro buck In tho lonely living room. I ll get away as soon aa I can It will ho hotter for both of ual" Ho opened tho big old-fashioned socretnry. Evory compartment wns crowded with tho accumulation of years. From an upper and soldom used pigeonhole ho drow n bundlo of letters and spread them out before him on tho lid. His heart gavo a nulck thrnh nn ho noticed a lottcr In Jnnot'B del'lcnfo wrltlne: ho reached for it nncnriv and then dropped It Into tho waste basket with a shrug at his own weak ness. Thoro woro also letters from his brothor nnd a long envolopo, Into which had bcon carelessly thrust somo printed papers. As ho drow out theso a letter fell from among tho shcetB, raco downward on tho tablo. It was sealed and ho tnrni It over wondorlngly. On tho fnco. in htn own strong lot. tors, stood tho namo of Janet Baton! Dazing at It, his eyes, grow dark with appronension ana a not vavo scorned to stop uis ueariueats. ins lingers AMveUted Utornry Vnt.) tromblod as ho tore opon tlio onvol opo nnd unfolded tho shoot. Facing him woro tho words: "My darling girl I'vo tried to find a Valentino good enough for you, but It cannot bo dono. Qllt hearts and cuplds Boom but poor things whon I think of you. "Will you lot mo tell you what 1 rcnlly want to glvo you, dear? I want to tell you nil by ourselves, nnd I want to toll you today Saint Vnl entlno'n dnyl "Thoro is always a confusion nt your broker's, nnd I wnnt you nil to myself tonight. Will you lot' mo tako you out this ovonlng as wo go last? When you nro ready, put tho lamp In tho window nnd I will como. "Janet Jnnot, 1 wnnt to glvo you n real heart Inatend of glided ono! I wnnt to glvo you" With n gronn tho mnn dropped tho letter nnd covered his face with his hands. How could ho havo fnlled to post this? What could Janot havo thought what could sho not havo suffered? Boforo him roso tho long lino of un kindnesses devised by bin wounded prldo. Ills head sank down upon tho opon letter. "Ten years," ho whispered.; "ton years In which to wpund mill hurt her, nnd kill her lovo!' His hands gripped tho old secre tary. Tho determination with which Minn Janet returned homo failed wearily whllo Bho washed tho suppor dishes, Upstairs hor Hlstor-ln-law wnB put ting tho children to bod. In tho Bit ting room hor brothor rend his oven ing papor. Janot wns nlona in tho kitchen with hor dlshoB. Answering a tap at tho door Bho behold JnmeB Wybrant standing In the starlight! "Jnnot," ho said vor1 softly, undor cover of tho trummlng piano, as ho Btoppod into tho room, "'Janot, I hnvo brought you a Valentino." Janot took tho lottor nnd read won doringly. "I found that tonight, Jnnot I thought but that dooa not oxcuso mo. Can you ' caro, after all this tlmo, after all I havo mado you suf for?" Janat'B brcnth caught In n sob, and ho took her In his .arms. , "If only you will trust mo ngnln I'll try so hard to mnko up to you for nil theso hard years." i "Oh!" breathed Janot in protest. , "Lot us hnvo our rldo tonight, donr. Wo will go down and toll Parson An drows that wo shall need him tomor row." "Tomorrow!" cried Jnnot, rousod to action by this impotuoua settling of affairs. "Oh, Jim, you know I ennnot think of mnrrylng you to morrow!" Tho brightness In tho man's faco dlod down. J "Of course, dear," ho aald humbly, "I do not wondor that you cannot trust mo. I will do nnythlng you Bay; wnlt as long ns you wish." Watching him, Jnnot roachod up suddenly nnd drew hit) faco down gently to her own. "I'll como with you," aho whlBporod. "And, Jim, 1 do trust you! 1 know that you will bo good nnd dear to mo, always." Length of Court 8ermons. Tho recognized tlmo for a preacher to occupy tho pulpit when preaching boforo tho Into king wna ton minutes. King Qcorgo however hna novor qulto npprovod of thoso very abort ser mons, and It has boon intimated to tho chaplains In ordtnnry attached to tho royal household, from whom tho preacher for tho morning sorvlco nt Buckingham Palaco Is usually Delud ed, that tholr sermons may bo length lor than thoy woro customarily In tho Into rolgn. An Intimation ot this sort nmountB practically to a command, but It is doubtful If It will bo very wolcomo to somo of tho chaplains who woro In tho Into king's houso hold, who havo during tho past yonrs rarely preached, a sermon of moro than ten minutes' duration. Whon the king Ib at Buckingham Palaco on Sun day tho preacher for tho morning sorvlco is soloctcd by his mnjosty, tho selection Is usually mado on Friday nnd tho chaplain whojms been chosen is notified of tho fact by tho sub dean. Aroused His Curiosity. Among thoso who nttonded tho first session of tho snlo of tho housohold property of Josoph 0, Robin, tho Now York bank wrecker, was a man well known In literary circles, whom no ono hud ovor seen nt a gathering of that kind. Ho wna nskod by n mnn who hnd a slight acqualntnnco with him If he hnd como ns n posBlblo buyer. "No," Bald tho visitor, "but having rend about this man as having directed mnny business concerns out of which ha mado a fortuno nnd that whllo doing this ho found tlmo to edit a magazlno, wrlto nqvols, composo Orook poetry and dovoto much tlmo to playing the violin, I wanted to boo what his homo looked liko," A Safeguard. "Gracious! Thore'B n sickening odor In tho house!" "Yob. Wo uro about to wltnosa a problom piny. An old-fashioned cou pie brought along somo nsnfoctlda." , jy WILBUR DNEmT T HaDreui T fhoLine "I've been a wicked man." he sold, "I'v. dono n-niany crimes: I've shot at folks by way of Jokes a half- a-doxtm limns; I've Kono In broad daylight an' stolo a wlddcr's fnttened shoat But though l'vo been a man o nln, I novor soiu my voto. 'T'fn f In n.u. - .1.. i ni. ...it J i lUIIVIHUIll IU flCU IIIO- onntnes run. t'vo swiped tho alms -from blind rnen'a paiins an' thouRht that It was fun; An' onco whon It wwblttor cold I took k crlpplo's coat; I'vo scuttled ships on pleasuro trlps-but never sold my voto. "I'vo dynamited savings banks an' sklppod ort With tho cash; dold bricks of brass J'vo mndo to pass with nil a con man's dash; I'vo been a counterfeiter too, an' mado a Kreasy noto; t'vo held up trains out on tho plains but novor sold my vote. "I'vo worked tho shells at county fairs, nn' pockots, too, I've picked; I vo sold fako stocks In thousand blocks tho como-on I havo tricked; Each victim's tears woro like throq cheers whene'er I'd Kot his Roat; Yet though, old pord, my heart was hard, I novor sold my voto. "I'vo burgled hero nnd burgled thero, an run a raeln' book; You'll nnd my namo Is ono o' fnmo with almost any crook; nut sot this down"-tho dying breath was ' rattling-In his throat Although I'vo been a man o' Bin, I novor old my Vote." . 'Rnh for Reform. Comos now another roformor who wnntH to uplift us by eliminating tho word "Hollo" from our tolophono con vorsatlons. Good! Wo heartily ngroo with his doop-drawn suggestion that thq first syllnblo of that word Is too BuggoBtlvo of n certain form of nwear Ing. It had not occurred to us boforo; vory fow peopio aro in tho habit ot standing on windy cornors of conver sation and watching for embarrassing dlsplnys of lnngungo. But wo extend to tho pure-mudod roformor our wnrmcst nccord. Also wo movo that a certain well-kuown rhyino, on which, wo woro tralnod years ago, bo rovisod to road: "Karly to bed and early to rlso Makos a man hearty and wealthy jnd wIbo," Furthermore, lot ua change tho namo of tho.JIoltcon to tho Rubicon, or Urn Rhymicon. And lot ub prohibit tho salo of holloboro in drug stores. Whllo wo are about It, lot us disln. feet things ' proporly. ' Chango tho namo of damaBk, for JnstancQ, and tako Damnscus off tho map, And pass a law forbidding pooplo to suo for damages, and, with ono supremo mo tlvo, brethren, lot us wlpo tho infamy of tho Oatun dam off tho Isthmus or Pannmn. Wishes of No Avail, "This Is my husbnnd, Mr. Grump, Wo'vo Just boon murrled. Don't you wish ub hnpplnosB?' 1 "Whon I look nt your husband, mad am, I cannot wish I can only hopo." Imperfect Reproduction, "It must bo vory consoling to you," wo say to tho boreaved lady, "to havo that splendid phonograph record of your Into husband's volco. It is bo ab solutely nnturnl, too." "Ah," sho slghB, "it is like, nnd yot so unllko, poor dear Honry!" "Unllko?"' "Ycb, It tnlks right nhoad in his tono, but It novor stopB when I Inter rupt it." PUzzlo. "Ho Is my hero," sho sighed. Without finishing this wo loavo It to tho render to guosa whothor ho was a half back, a collogq orator, a baso ball star, a matlnoe idol, a novel celeb rity, a prlzo lighter, a novelist, n soda fountain dark, or Just a nlni day and Sunday young man.