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, A hot bed-la handy. Uirdfl doRtroy wood seeds. Thn beat root is about one-eighth augar. Nearly one-fifth of Franco la forest land. tho area of Thla 1b tho host time of year for culling out tho poor cows. Tho parson to run the Incubator la tho first condition of success. Agriculture In Germany supports about 19,000,000 of tho population. In one month a caterpillar will cat alx thousand times its own weight In food. Newly laid eggs need never bocome shopworn; They'ro In too good de mand. Don't buy seodB .just becauso they aro cheap and como in highly" colored packages. Sheep seem to be able to subsist on tho pooroBt land of South America's farthest extremity. tinder no circumstances should tho beginnor think that "any old eggs' will do to learn on. Pea vino hay, If properly sowed makes a most excellent forngo for sheop and stock cattlo. Aftor tho third month tho calf will begin to want extra wator, and somo may bo mixed with tho milk. Tho object Bhould bo to food for largo and continuous milk flow. Hhis means both summer and winter. If all tho Implements were cleaned nnd painted last fall, a great deal of time will bo saved when ,you must "get Dusy." FlgB should havo slop threo times a day, alt thoy will clean up, and a lit tlo corn morning and night, also given on n clean floor. SUngo Is a cheap, feod. A portable engine -!o, handy. ' Groat Britain imports 10,000,000 ap ples a year. , Australia, ralsos nearly 10,000,000 acres of wheat a year. Tho vlnlVl rf thM:tomato Is mats' riolly increased l proper training For vegetables always ubo rottod mnnuro from grain-fed cattlo or horses. Shopworn eggs always must bo sold at reduced prices. If they can bo sold at all. If air slaked lime bo usod "in earth In which plants aro pottod It will keep worniB awny. Tho calf need not bo kept rolling tot, but it should bo kept thriftily growing from stnrt to finish. Sow clover soed twlco to be sure II will tako, and doh't forgot tho alslka along with tho red. Grndo your seed oats with a good fanning mill or grain grader nnd sow only plump, hoavy grains. Many times ono hill will produce six 8-ounco potatoes; which Is at rata of C20 bushols per aero. Milk cooled In a tompcrnturo of 354 degrees may bo kept several days at any tompornturo under 63 degroos. Tho neglect of your Incubator at a critical tlmo will result in a poor hatch with tho best of attention and care. Incubators improve morals, ollml natlng tho honted tompor too ofton produced by tho sitting hon's pecul larltios. To grow crisp early vegetables tho soil must bo dcop, thoroughly pulvor lzed nnd well filled with rotted stable manure From tho feed tho hen must get limo for tho shell, oils nnd mineral mattor for the yolk and albumon for tho whlto. Every can of milk entorlng a lot of checso or buttor should bo properly cooled if tho mako is to bo of high standard. SPRAYING PREVENTS DISEASE AND DESTROYS INSECTS Established Fact That Intelligent Use of Spray Always Pays Formula Given That Is Accepted as Safe and Reliable. Two classics of enemloB attack fruit trees and plants, vlz, insects and' fun gous dlscasoB.The application of Btib- stancoa, Usually liquid., to tho troo or plant for tho purposo of preventing or destroying those constitutes spraying. Wo spray to destroy Insects nnd to spraying h of no avail. In othor words, spraying for plant diseases must bo wholly for prevention. Tho following formula for Bordeaux mlxturo is UBCd as a provcntlvo of fungous diseases, ns potato blight, ap plo Bcab, etc. Various formulas aro quoted, but tho following 1b now ao- prevent fUtlgoUs diseases. Spraying Is fceptcd as safe and rellablo: Glvo tho birds clean, nests nnd roosting places, study their likings and needs nnd tho egg yield should bo, increased. Thoughfbut a small nation, Switzer land makes 100.000.000 nounda of honey a year, so woll is Its flora adapt' , eu to dco culture. To bo certain about your socds buy them only from a rellablo seedsman, who puts his nnmo and his reputation behind his product. no longor an experiment. It Is an established fact that intelligent nnd persistent Bpraylng always paB. Tho effects of spraying nro cumulative. Tho effects of spraying lasb year nnd this year may result in an Increased yield next yenr. An instructive bulle tin issued by tho Wisconsin 'Horti cultural society, Iibh tho following to say regarding spraying: Tho insects affecting fruit may bo dlvidod for con venience into two classes, which are distinguished by their liiodo of feed ing, viz.: eating or chqwing insocta and sucking insects. Eating insoctB consumo tho affected tissues, commonly tho leaves,' and thereby hlndor tho functions of tho plant. Tho common exnmplo Is :tho potato "bug" or beetle. Insects of this class nro destroyed by poisoning thoir food. Sucking insocta do not consumo tho external tissues of tho plant, but food only on tho sap. In ordor to accomplish this tho insoct thrusts its proboncis through tho ox ternal coverings and sucks the Jucob in tho samoNwny as a mosquito sucks blood. As thoso insects do not con sumo tho Ussuo of tho lent or branch, poisons aro of no avail. Wo must theroforo attack tho insects. .This is done'bycovoring . them, with somo sub stance which will ponotrntq thoir bodies, or with substance which closes their breathing pores. To repeat; (11 Biting or chowing insects aro destroyed by placing poison on tho parts on which tho insocts feed. (2) Sucking insocts aro destroyed only by attacking tho insects nnd for this class poisons nro of no aynll Applo scab, brown rot of plums and peaches, potato rot, blight, rust and oth.or destructive plant diseases nro commonly ascribed to weather con ditions. Indirectly this is often true, but neither rain nor drought nor any other atmospheric condition la over directly tho causo of plunt diseases Rainy weather does not directly cause plum rot, but provides condi tlons .favorable- to tho dovolopmont of tho fungus, and probably unfavorable conditions for the development of tho plum and Its ability to resist tho In vasion of tho disoaso. Fungi (plant diseases) arc propa gated by spores, mlnuto bodies which Copper sulphate, 5 pounds; fresh lime, 8 pounds; water, 60 gallons. Either nrsennto of lead or Paris green may bo safely combined with MANNER OF CONSTRUCTING PRACTICAL SHEEP HURDLES Great Objection to More General Use of Devices Seems to Be Their Liability of Dlavylng Over ' Materials to be Used . t ' ' Making Bordeaux Mixture. Bordeaux mixture, in fact, in nil orchard spraying operations it has como to bo n common practice to add either Paris green or nrsennto of lead to Bordeaux at every application. By this means biting InsoctB nnd fungi aro controlled at a slnglo opornttou. No other fact is moro Important than thto in spraying. , Arsenate oi icnu is n ijoiquu - iui biting Insects nnd la less liablo to in jure foliage than Paris green. It ro- mnlnB longer in suspension. It ad heres hotter to foliage. It may bo used for any purposo for which Paris green is employed In liquid sprays. Tho formula Is: Arsenate of load, 2 to 3 pounds; wator; 50 gallons. Tho groat objocUon to tho moro gon oral uso of sheep hurdles seems to bo thoir liability to blowing over. I sub mit illustrations of somo that offer less resistance or aro hotter fortified against tho effects of tho wind, wrltea Hlchnrd H. Mitchell in tho Country Gontloman. Fig. 1, whllo not strictly a movnble hurdlo, ts, novcrtholoss, considered as such, nnd is tho ono in most com mon uso. I can only glvo measure ments from memory, but should say that they wero 10 foot long and 5 foot high when Bet tip. Tho ' figure shown Is mado of cawed stuff, but they nro moro often -made of split saplings; tho construction, howovor, Is precisely tho snmo. Holes nro mndo with a bar, and thoy nro sot end to end and pinned together nt tho top. Theso, llko thoso supported on tho A crutch, form a perfoctly straight fouco, which Is not so proof against tho forco of iq wind as ono built zig-zag or worm fashion. In Fig, 2 I hnvo shown two panels that aro intended to bo sot up in this ciosor than It is used on longer stretches, but that number of wire seems (o me about right for a good. Job, Thoy might bo placed closer at tho bottom and wldor at the top, per haps, That hurdlo (Fig; 4) made with. 4-fool uprights and 14 feet from esd to end of upright, would wolgh about 05 pounds, and cost nbout bb many conts for material. Tho cost ot the u About testing seeds, In most cases your experiment station will gladly test a sample of your seeds if you will Bend it to thorn. TboBO who treat their horses kind ly can work tho brood mnros up to tho very day they foal thoir colts without harming them. Hons or chickens can nover do their best 'when confined in yards so small that a sufficient amount of greon food cannot bo grown. Prominent broodors of gooso claim that thoro la at loast 100 per cent profit In them; moro than twlco as much as there Is in raising hogs. Wasto milk is now being profitably used in Irish dairies, whero it usod to bo a nuisance, but is now made into n fertilizer resembling bono ashes in value. Turkey eggs may bo hatched in an Incubator very nicely, but unless you hnvo a number of hens it is hard to got enough fresh eggs to fill a ma chlno. Whllo tho principal food of tho gooso Is grass, and neods hardly any thing olso during spring nnd summer, still It will eat any ot the, farmer's grains. i Profltablo "side-lines" for tho cream ory man aro eggs and ico cream, to say nothing of buttermilk, tho sweet cream trado, casein, hogs nnd othor linos of profit. You can test the germinating- power ot your seed after you buy it, which, .while it insures your not using it if it Is untrustworthy, does not snvo you tho expenso. i Bo careful to removo all tho flow era as soon as they begin to fade, Leaves that show any decay should bo cut and burnod. Thoy nro npt to en courage dlsoaBO and malignant In eects. ' With automobiles coming into com mon uso, tho prices ot horses roso trom nn avorage of $95.64 each in 0908 to $108,19 n head in 1909. In numbers tho horsos of tho United Htatos increased from 20,100,000 to Bl.040,000. Tho brooder Bhould bo largo, hav Jng not loss than nlno squaro feet of ifloor space! Tho work demandod of a brooder la not exacting ns with an incubator. Tho heat nnd circulation of air may vary a llttlo without dam age, but thoy must not fall altogether, To destroy tho hatchablllty of eggs without injuring tho market valuo dip in a flvo per cent solution of wator glass; this Is satisfactory. Don't kcop tho Incubator doors open vory long at a tlmo, whllo tho machluo is hatching, if tho room torn- peraturo is bolow 70 degrees. AU. seem to ngreo that it is best to got tho manure onto tho land daily while It is fresh, but all of ua cannot do thla becauso ot other work. A slnglo union of a mala and fcrnalo turkey fertilizes all tho eggs a hen will lay for tho season, nonce one gobbler will suffice for 20 or moro hens. Tho most costly portion of an egg is tho whlto qr albumen. This Is do rived trom tho protein In tho' nitro genous matter of grains nnd animal foods. Profitable farming and gardening calls for moro thought put into tho business, but it also calls for consid erable labor, and that given at tho right time. Whllo it is necessary to feod tho breeding ducks llborally, yet at tho snmo tlmo feed bo as to koop them hungry, In ordor to koop thom actlvo' nnd healthy. Tho largest ollvo orchard In tho world is situated nt Sylmar, near Los Angeles, Cnl., whero thero aro 120,000 bearing trees, yiolding fifty pounds of fruit to tho tree. Tn plowing It Is woll to remember that a deep, rich soil should havo a deep plowing, providing It Is dono in tho fall and doos not rendor tho soil too loose and dry. A young bow soldom has as many pigs as on older ono, thoy nro soldom as largo or as strong, nolther does Bho tako as good caro ot thom as does tho experienced mother. Tho farmor who sells his eggs at the storo will not for tho prosent ro colve much oncourngement in his ef forts to sort out Ills largest eggs and sell separately from the -smaller eggs. Clovor is very rich in protein, and contains potash, soda, phosphoric acid and other Ingredients that mako It ono ot tho best feeds for fowls that can bo named. It contains all tho essentials In woll Dalanced propor tion, and is palatablo to tho fowls woll as healthful. til?-.- I.rs 132 Barrel and Cart Spraying Outfit. may float in tho air nnd aro usually too small to bo discerned singly with out using a compound mlcroscopo BEST WAX FOR GRAFTING Recipe Given tor Making Mlxturt That la Snnontlal in A.H Orchards Convenient j Size a Made. riosln four nnrts (ouncea or pouuda); beeswax, two pounds; tal low, ono part; moltod, slbwly, In an Iron vossel, putting In tho rdsln nvo or ton minutes beforo tho booswnx; and nil completely mixed togothor by much stirring. In.20 minutes or bo it will bo thor- nuchlv mixed, and a convenient pop Ulon is to bo' poured into a bucket of cold wator. In n mlnuto or losB.it will bo cool enough to tako up with tho hands (which must havo been grensed- with tallow) and pulled lilep taffy. When It becomes light yollow In color It 1b dono and enn bo mado Into Btlcks or balls and put Into an othor vossol of bold water to harden, Other nortloiiB can no troatou in tho samo way until all is used up, Thoso balls, or sticks, of convonlont slzo can bo laid away until required for use. mnnnor. Tho loft-hnnd end ot panel b slips in tho right-hand end ot pnnol a, nnd a section ot tho fouco Is shown In Pig. 3. Thcao pnnols nro supposed to bo 10 foot long and 4 foot high, and tho lumber 1 by C-inch stuff, but thoso dimensions can bo vorlod'to suit tho idoa of tho user. With thoso dl monslons, howovor, tho dlstnnco be tween tho ond uprights on panel ought to bo 11 Inches, On pnnol n tho end uprights ought to bo 15 Inches from olthor end. Thin ought to mako tho fonco worm nbout 4 foot. As can, bo readily understood, moro or loss worm will bo given to tho fotco by moving tho second upright from olthor ond in panol n, A panol using wlro Instead of lunv bor Booms desirable, and In Pig. 4 I havo shown ono that seems to me tho most desirable, an combining the great all-board ono would not bo much dif ferent, nnd it would weigh 40 pounds more. An to mnmifncturo, I should Bay. aa has already been suggested, that pret ty closo to whore thoy nro to bo used would bo tho best place to mnko thorn, us ono freight on Iho material would bo saved. Machinery does not enter vory largely Into their construction; so nothing' could bo savod in that way. It ought not to require any great Bklll to saw up boards and nail thom togothor, and also stretch wire on them, It that form waa desired. In drawing theso hurdlos, I have allowed tho center uprights to come down as far as tho others; lu prac tlco, it might be found better to make thom shorter, especially if they were to bo sot up on uneven ground. The diagonals in Fig. 4, being oa opposite itldoa ot inch uprights, will ot course bo on Inch apart where they cross. I should not fill this In, hut draw them together In nailing, as it will wake the frame all the stronger, Hemlock is probably the best material tor making thoso, and It would undoubtedly last enough longer to pay to have It drees- od. If ordered In carload lots, enougll would'bo saved In freight to pay for Up to the Farmer. When n farmer broods Indifferent cattlo, horses or. sheep ho rocelyos less for his labor nnd feod than hd should rocolvo, adds leBB to tho woalth Thi.Sn nnm-on nllirht nn lonf op fruit of his fltatO than tllO UD-tO-dat0 farm- and under favorablo conditions of heat or, and 1b at n disadvantage when ho tta.t est strength with tho least surfaco, and with tho surfaco low, Tho panol, tho dressing. It the ends of the up rights that stand on the ground were dipped in hot coal tar, they would probably last ait loug as the rest of th6 panel. Fig. 0 shows an iron that I think would be a great help In clinching tho nails. A-slot Is out In the end of a flat piece of Iron; so that it will slip easily on the nail, and It is bev eled from tho slot to either edge. By slipping this on the nail, the end can bo bout ovor at moro than a right angle Tho Iron Is then slipped back, as shown In the Ulustratlou, and the nail bout over and driven into the wood, na nhown to the right. For fencing stacks and turning corners, both cuds o( tho panols would have to bo alike, Instoad of reversing, aa show In tho cut. If this fonco should provo reasonably wind-proof, It ought to solve a largo problem In fence econ omy, as very much loss fence would bo neoded if tho fence could be as thoro shown, can bo used on tho easily moved from place to place as A crutch. Fig, 5 shows It modified, to occasion demanded. and moisture germinate, giving rise to throadliko projections which pone trato tho plant's tlssuos. Tho main fact to bo borno in mind Is this: Tho spores which may bo present in innumerable numbers may be destroyed or their germination pro undertakes to secure for hlmsolf nnd family the things which help to mnko tho Fig. 1 forma. meet the requirements of a worm tenco, By substituting a post in the place ot tho ond uprights, you have llfo worth living, Bays a writer in nn oxchango. I do not mean to say that tho Individual farmor owes moro to the community or to tho stnto than I tho laborer, tho lawyer, tho doctor, tho vented by tho application of certain educator, tho proachor or tho bUBlncsa substnncea known as funKlcidos. whllo man; but wo ao expect, moro irora existing ns spores on tho outsido of them as a wholo, becauso thoro aro ninntn hut nftor theso have Deno- moro of thom man an tneso omors trated tho tissue of leaf, stom or root, comblnod. DIFFERENT KIND OF SPRAYS In Fig. 5 you will nottco that I am not satisfied with cleats, but have introduced a bar sliding in a slot on tho front sldo of the ond upright and on tho back side of tho second up right Thin makes a complete lock, nnd scorns to mo quito essential on that stylo of fonco. I Bhould also rec- omend tho snmo devlco on tho board It would bo absolutely wind-proof around a stack if locked with the slid- lng-bar, and would have tho advantage of being movable when tho ground was frozen. , njurr, mux aituoatiok. ootm rrucTioi, tiiio aitijcatio!. , - - urn- .,, tr. .i.n. tru i. uwn k.ta iau . Mk , a. utmt mw nt If mtrtn nww, r- Afu. Imt4. tim. fe-. CirUHT Un IW yrtim ibt fn.lt ku m4. H'H Uter. U tfZU IWhUrtM firJkVykU M t VuU " Wt CnUtANT WW pnmlt. U ! worm. NWW, r- if nrmM Ull trautl IIIIUh, inn... Mnn lu lt Mla Wrara. l - " prMni t MWt. 4 Ut blljkt.) r A. in. wn r IMw Xml M- OOOAEBEKBT A. ka.M PM, thra In U. fc fmtUtm tt ! Aalt UU KM ml "!. GIM1-K n.f.M M. !. .'' WW n Un wka trail U mU i.7l kIU mm Vml llm. A44 r.rl. ,r f fVf ?,n rXACH, AmiCOT Mm April I. mtnt WVa fraU iu Ml, w. ,..K .n uiu rrpA (ImI .arL wimlU, vrfkli wpp .Ipt.l. - Hwmi mUtf IM 4m mm nLi UOm. rub sma, tnt-IUrd. invth. Milt n.for traar . MTPW WkM imt H . tio Wllkla .all fW Ik rLITM . C"' ' .tTk A. mm m Ua kUMaa Ia-t4 AVI Utar rapaO. tTITATO ak tmi It ft i VTLtu bU ar tkalr iii.il t.ili-iia tBttokfc kaillat. .1 iaJ aamJra aakllauU (h. Ura, appaw. tmttt frm .I.Ura (alUM aaA U valar, ar Oat. af valar). far alaalr la'- 4mmt atlalara. nn- TUt lhm kU apax. WkH Ua frail tap aM, ,. ,, .... U1 . aa4 Intfl apala, Wrar wltt. oapw PU BWn aaA rrU ffmZ IMI " UU au-1 pkaU. ( aUimirMir. tlLAlV. Cl aat (alU. arUkrU trm naw MM ara M . lua Ular r.lll IIUUIT PX raaM kaAJr AUm4 fmmt UtK U.r.MO. aaA (Aalanvaaaaa. raal arWk. wllk aalkracaaah ll.fM. Parla iraaa. ab atas a4 (aUa.) kao. ap.a. prjr vllk . par ralpk.la aalatUa. mUWBIIlIT- ' Ulf Ika Um-al Afl.r, Ik. frH ku pat, . m a. k.rrtj al JStllta. la- arB-ra-.. ..4 rU ... atk KI.U kjr.a.u4 n.rt III U mmtft. H allkar l aaaaara, Kapaal If alMcaa aaa- (E-laai Mkl) o.taaaa. IWa, . .P.I - nttntrf panels, as on uneven ground ono end might spring up and allow tho panels to separato. Of courso on this skeleton any kind of wlro can be uood. Porsonally, I would not uso barbed-wire of any aort ns a gift. Tho Illustration is intond ed to show a two-strand twisted wlro, plactid bIx inches apart, which Is much Choklno on Oats. Some horses oat so greedily that they become ohokod on oats. We have' one that troubled us in that, way, so wo ofton had to.sond for a veterina rian, who Inserted a tube down her throat to dislodgo the grain, says a wrltor In an exchange, Later he told us how to avoid the trouble in thla way: llo auvisoa us to piace a uozen or tnoro smooth stones, the size ot a small lion's egg, In tho feod box, tak- lng caro to havo them well distributed through tho oata. Thla compols the horso to eat lesa grcodlly, as he must oat carefully to avoid biting on tho Btonoa. Wo had no furthor troublo aa long as wo owned tho horso, Succulent Feed for Cows . Ono of tho most practical ways of supplying succulent feod for cowb, when ono has only a small herd and does not havo enstlago, is by raising roota ouch aa mangola, rutabagas or stock carrots. WHERE WOMEN DRAW THE PLOW .wBsiitf r ma. Jit f i u ialja-ha aUl .'.l Vl V'ti "IWM If KV?W1: I A groat many nusslnn ponsanta nro going Into wostorn Canada, nua as many of thom nro poorly oqulpped for farm operations, they work in mo eo-oporativo plan. Thoso Russians sot- tlo In villages according to their cus tom in thoir natlvo land and when thoro aro not enough horses to draw tho plows, tho womon ot tho village act as substitutes. It is Bald to bo not an uncommon sight to boo n dozen or moro womon nttnohed to a plow by. u long ropo on which thoro nro fast ened nt Intervals sticks of wood which may bo placed against tho breast or across tho armB to aid in pulling.