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ROSE FROM PINBOY TO BOSS
1b despotic. Through coalition with cliques outsldo of that domain ho has projocted hlmsolf Into stato and notional politics, and Is today reckoned tha most fecund political entity In Ohio. Cox Is today a man of great wealth. He Is at tho head of a trust com pony, or bank, Is a big stockholder In steam and electric railways, telephono companies, manufacturing enterprises, Including a couplo of car building con cerns. Is trooHuror of on Insuranco company and controls a number of theaters. Ho Is of dotonulned character and never calls on governors, senators or, other distinguished politicians when thoy visit Cincinnati. His motto Is "What Is worth having Is worth asking for," and those who seek his favor and advice must call on him. WAS ONCE A CABINET-MAKER The career of Gov. Gcorgo W. Donaghey, twlco chief executive of Arkansas, shows how success comes to the man who struggles for It and Is is worthy of It. Not many years ago Mr. Donaghey was an obscure cab inet maker in an Arkansas village. Ho branched out as a contractor and earned for himself a splendid reputa tion as a Bquaro-deallng business man by tho erection of many public build ings In Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas. Somo ton years ago It was dccldod to erect a now state house In Arkan sas. Donaghey was one of the bid ders, but tho contract went to anoth er. Then" and there ho vowed that he 'would bo tho first to sit under the dome of the now capltol as governor of tho state. Ho hod nover been In politics, and had all to loam about that Intricate game. While tho odds wore against him, ho was elected and made such a good executive that ho was re-olectod, and should ho run again thero is hardly a doubt that ho would be returned for a third term. When ho entered office tho now capltol was Involved In a bribery scandal and legislative tangle that had delayed its construction for soveral years. Gov. Donaghey took hold of tho situation with Arm hands, brought order out of chaos, assumed tho direction of tho work himself, and on January 11 last had tho satisfaction of seeing tho assembling 05 the first legislature In Its marblo Hned halls. A few days later ho took tho oath of offlco for tho second tlmo, and thus fulfilled his vow, to bo the first governor to sit boncath Its finished domo. ' FRYE IS NESTOR OF SENATE year and ontered public life halt a century ago when he was elected to the Malno legislature. After several terms In that body ho waa elected mayor of hla natlvo city, Lowlston, later became attorney general of tho stato. and then cntored upon his long career In congress. Ordinarily the leadership In tho senate would fall upon Senator Frye; but he Is hardly physically capable of the onerous duties of that position, and tho burden of responsibility will go to an other. His term will oxplro March i, 1913. SEEKING ANIMALS FOR FOOD Tho tlmo may possibly come when residents of Louisiana may Bhoot hip popotami from their back porches and (settlors In the Rockies may chose the mtmblo eland and springbok all ani mals now Indigenous to Africa. For a year or more considerable study lias been given to certain wild animals of Africa aB a source of food supply and the proposition has been seriously ad vanced to stock tho marshes and bayous of the south with hippopotami. In this way some enthusiasts havo seen a way for getting oven with the beef trust, oblivious of the fact thnt tho trust might corner the hippopota mi equally a tho wild western steers. The Idea of stocking certain parts of tho country with animals from Af rica, which might prove valuablo aB a food supply, Is now to bo tested. Ono of the notable globo trotters of Eng land and a man who Is as familiar with Africa as he Is with London, MaJ. Fred R. Burnham, has gone to Africa to capture wild animals, with tho object of bringing them to this country and domesticating them. Associated with him In the enterprise Is John Hays Hammond, ono of Jamteson's famous raiders. MaJ. Burnharn was ono of tho chief scouts of tho British army in the Boer war and Is familiar with the nature and prospocts for success of tho task he has turned his hand to. If tho efforts to domesticate the wild animals of Africa meet with success the menu of tho American table may bo much diversified and tho Texas steer and the American hog may become ani mals of less Importance George D. Cox, tho political boss of Cincinnati and Hamilton county, who la now under Indictment on tho charge of perjury, la essentially n self-made man. Success has crowned him In business and politics and tho reason bo assigns for this Is that he has never broken his word. Born amid humble surroundings In tho West end of Cincinnati, he begnn life as a plnboy in a bowling alley. Then he drove a detlvery wagon and bocame ono of the best known young men In. the Eighteenth ward, then a Democratic stronghold. There was a rebellious sentiment against tho "kid glovo" element, and Mr. Cox was nom inated for tho council and elected as h Republican. He had Just reachod his majority. With a frlond ho Btarted a saloon and billiard parlor and laid tho foundation of his political leadership. In his power over government In Cincinnati and Hamilton county Cox Senator William Pierce Fryo of Malno Is tho Nestor of tho Unltod States senate and but few have had a longer record In that body. Tho late Senator Merrill of Vormont servod 33 years In tho senate and 11 in the house of representatives, whllo Sena tor Allison of Iowa, for many years before his death a senato leader, sat in congress 43 years. Senator FVyo ranks next to Mr. Al lison in length of service, entering the house of representatives In 1871, and serving continuously either in that body or in tho senate ever since. On a recent Wednesday ho celebrated his thirtieth nnnlversary as senntor. It was on March 15, 1881, that he was elected by the Maine legislature-to succeed James G. Blaine, and as often as his commlslson has expired It haB slnco been renewed. The senator Is now In his eightieth DOLL'S LESSON. Today an I sat In the garden at piny, I hoard an old mother hen constantly nay, ' Cluck-Cluck! Cluck-Cluck 1" for her chickens to come. Tho little chicks scattered to left and and to light. Not heeding their mother, who called with her might. "Cluck-Cluck! Cluck-Cluck t" for her chickens to come. And I thought as I sat 'neath the big opplo tree. How dreadfully tlrod the old hen muat be, Calling, "Cluck-Cluck 1" for her chickens to come. Just then mother called loud from out the bjtck door. But I kept so Btlll-X had done It' be fore "Doll, Do Doll, Doll!" for her daugh ter to come. The voice of my mother rang out soft and clear. But 1 was so laiy I plnyed not to hoar. "Doll. Dolll Doll. Dolll" for her daugh tor to come. Then I thought with a start, as I turned me about, How tired my mother must be calling out. "Doll. Doll! Doll. Dolll" for her daugh ter to come. 1 Jumped up so quickly, and ran with all speed, To nnd from my mother what might be her need; And down In my heart I said, as 1 ran, I'd nuvor treat mother In that way again! FUN IN SILHOUETTE MAKER Affords Much Amusement at Small Social Affairs Profile Produced by Aid of Pantograph. An Ingenious contrivance that will afford much amusement at small so clul affairs is the silhouette maker de signed by a Massachusetts man. With it accurato little reproductions of tho Silhouette Maker. Bilhouottes of men and women pres ent may bo drawn by any porson, no matter how llttlo artistic ability thoy possess, tho Invontor claims. A fold ing frame, ono section of which is a translucent panel and tho othor adapt ed to hold a sheet of paper, Is fast ened to tho back of tho chair In which tho subject sits. A lighted candle Is placed at a point whero it throws the shadow of tho head on tho translu cent panel. Pinned to tho paper on tho other side of the frame is a pleco of carbon papor. By using a panto graph, which Is a Jointed dovlco for tho reproduction of a design on a smaller scale, the silhouette which Is thrown on tho screen panel can bo reproduced In mlniaturo on the pa per opposito. WEARS AN ELIZABETHAN RUFF Despite of Wlng-LIko Protuberances Creature Is Not Angelic Known as "Frilled Lizard." Tliia animal Is a lizard. Ho Is not wearlnc an Elizabethan ruff nnrmifln It Is tho fashion, but because It is apparently attached to him. Tho creature Is not, In spite of tho wing-llko protuberances, an especially Lizard With a Frill. angollo creature. Ho lives In Africa, Is about three feet long, and known to famo aa tho "frilled lizard." Her First Potato Bug. Nellie, aged live, woh visiting In tho country, and, seeing u potato bug for tho first tlmo, sho asked: "Mamma, docs flleB play lawn tennis?" "No, dear," replied mamma, "why do you ask?" "Because," answered the llttlo lady, "I Just saw ono with a blazer on." DAISY AND BUMBLE BEE. Daisy stood In the meadow, Her grent eyes wide and blue. Humble Bee from across the way Past little Dnlsy ftewf Daisy saw him coming, Onenftit lini- hltiA avm wfrit Her heart pit-patted loudly, Ana Daisy almost cried. She felt afraid of Bumble Old tionev-tiea in holill For ho sipped all the sweetness r rom nowcrs, sue was told. And wasn't sho a flower A "blossom.1 tuinn khIiI "A tender, wee, wee blossom," ins -uttio aolden-Hsad?" But Bumble Bee, unmindful Of nnlnv.mnlil flow mil. A-seeklng other flowers, Anil nerrhpil lilmsair at 1am Within the bosom of a briar, wmi petals soft and pink; And Daisy breajhed quite freely, Alld fl.lt mn ulnil In ItilnU That thought she was n daisy ine uriar nan more charm For Bumble, the old buer, Who might have done her harm. Helena Davis. GAME OF DUMB INSTRUMENTS One of Noisiest and Jolllest of Pas times Cdntlnual Changing Causes Much Merriment. Tho favorite pastimes among th Chlneso nro those which are sultabh for playing at tho table. Tho Duml Instruments" Is ono of tho noisiest and Jolllost games. In n company ol any number each takes tho nomo ol Rome different Instrument, which ho li supposed to Irattato both In sound and gesture. Tho leader will take tlx name of tho drum, which Is the mosl Important Instrument; tho first mat on his right will have the horn, th second tho cymbals, and so on. Aftor all havo performed for a few moments on the various Imaginary In struments tho leader will say, "I past my drum now to Mr. Ling," who maj ho sitting on tho other side of tin table. Thereupon Mr. Ling beglni beating the drum, and each of tin other players must Immcdlntolj change his instrument so that tho or dor from tho drum shall remain th snme. For Instanco, lie who sits upon tin right of Mr. Ling, who now haB the drum, miiBt tako tho horn, tho second to tho right tho cymbals,.. and so ou nround tho circle, each Instrument bo Ing the samo number qf spaces fro it tho drum as it ls-wns -b'eforo th change. This 'continual changing ot tho drum from ono' person to another, nnd tho subsequent endeavors to ro member what Is tho correct Imaglnnrj Instrument nnd play It properly, nr provocntlvo of great merriment. ALTOGETHER TOO QUIET. "Well, Henry, how do you Hlco youi neighbors?" "Not at nil. They're so qulot thni I daren't move, or mamma can't heni what they're saying." Too Lonesome. Mamma sowing, Gcorglo standlnj by Georglo: Mnmmu, did you ovci tell a lie? Shocked Mamma: Well perhnpi when 1 wns young nnd know no bet tor. Georglo: Did papa over tell a Ho' Mamma: I supposo ho might hav4 dono so when ho knew no better. A pauso Georglo: Weill I won't go to heaven! Shocked mnmma: My son! what do you mean? Georglo: I don't want to go U heaven, 'cnuso It will bo bo lonesome with nobody thoro but God and Georgt Washington! Beaver Dam Builder. A man who had his doubts nboin beavers being able to build dams wm presented with a baby beaver by i hunter. It became n groat pot, bui showed no signs of wanting to build i dam until ono day a leaky pailful o: water was put on tho floor of tho out kitchen. Tho beaver was there, am though little more than n baby, whoi ho saw tho water oozing across tin floor he scampered Into tho yrfrd brought a chip and began his work. Hit owner kept the pall filled and loft, thi building material at hand, and the lit tie fellow kept at his work until ho hu built a solid dam around the pall. CONGRESS BETS TAFrSMESSAGE Brief Document is Transmitted to Country's Lawmakers. IS ALL ABOUT RECIPROCITY President Tells of Negotiations Lead ing to the Canadian AgroemenL and Asks Early Action Con firming the Pact. Washington, April G. President Toft's message to tho 62nd congress In extraordinary session was trans mitted to both branches of congress today. Tho mcssago In full was as follows: To tho senato and houeo of ropre icntatlvcsj I transmitted to tho sixty-first congress on January fith. Inst. tho text of tho reclnrop.ltv tmHn igreoment which had been negotiated under my direction by the secretary of stato wltli the representatives of tho Dominion of Canada. This agree ment was tho consummation of ear nest efforts oxtendlng over a period of noarly a year, on tho part of both governments to' offect a trado ar rangement which, supplementing as It did tho nmlcnblo settlement of vari ous questions ot a diplomatic and po litical character that had "boon reacned, would mutually promoto commcrco nnd would strengthen the friendly relations now exiting. Tho agreement In Its Intent and In Its terms woa purely economic nnd commercial. While tho general sub ject was under discussion by tho com missioners, I felt assured that tho lentlraent of tho peoplo ot tho United States was such that thoy would wol eomo a mcaauro which would result In the Incroaao of trado on both sides of tho boundary lino, would open up Iho rescrvo productive resources of "unada to tho great mass of our own consumers on ndvantngcoua condi tions nnd at tho samo tlmo offer a broader outlet for tho excess products of our farms nnd many of our Indus tries. Details regarding a negotiation of this kind necessarily could not bo mado public whllo tho conferences wero ponding. However, tho full toxt of tho agreement with tho accom panying correspondence and data ex plaining both Its purposo and Its icope becamo known to tho people through tho message transmitted to congress. Approved by the People. It was Immediately apparent that tho ripened fruits of tho careful lnbors of tho commissioners met with wide ipread approval. This approval haB been strengthened by further consid eration of tho forms of tho agreement In all their particulars. Tho Volumo of support which has dovclopod shows that ItH brondly national scope la fully appreciated and Is responslvo to tho popular will. Tho liouso of representatives of tho Sixty-first congress, nftor tho full text of tho arrangement with nil tho de tails In regard to tho different provi sions hnd boon boforo It, as they wero beforo tho American people, pnBBt'd tho bill confirming tho agreement pu negotiated and ns transmitted to con gresR. This mensuro failed of action In tho sennte. in my transmitting message of the 20th of January, I fully let forth tho character of tho ngroo mont and emphasized Its appropriate ness nnd necessity ns n response to tho mutual needs of tho peoplo of tho two countries, ns well as Its common advantages. I now lay that mcssago and the reciprocal trndo agreement, ns Integrally n part of the present message, beforo tho Stxty-socond con gress and again Invito earnest atten tion to the considerations therein ex pressed. Early Action Is Urged. I am constrained In doforonco to popular sentlmont and with a realiz ing sense of my duty to tho great masses of our peoplo whoso welfare Is Involved, to urgo upon your considera tion onrly action on this agreement In concluding tho negotiations tho representatives that tho two coun tries bound themsolves to uso their utmost efforts to bring about tho tap Iff chnnges provided for in the agree ment by concurrent legislation at Washington and Ottawa. I havo felt It my duty, theroforo, not to no qulesco In relegation of action until tho opening of tho congress In De cember, but to uso my constitutional prerogative and convoko tho Sixty second congress In extra session in order that thero shall bo no break ot continuity In considering nnd acting upon this moBt Important subject. WILLIAM II. TAFT. Tho Whtto House, April G, 1911. Has No Excuse. "Do you expect to piny golf this summer?" "No. I'm on tho water wagon." Should Be Propared. "There's ono thing about tho Amen Icon-Jnponeso war If It Is evor pullod off." "And what Is that?" "Hobson has given plenty of nottct to tho moving picture concerns." His Conge. nestnurant Proprietor So you wor In your lasfplaco for three years. Why did you leave? New Chef I was pardoned. Cath ollo Newu. mm TLL j FR&H AIR WITHOUT DRAFTS Poultrymen Beginning to Appreciate Advantages of Open Front Type of Buildings for Fowls. Poultrymen are beginning to learn that It biddy has a house all her owi, whose side walls are made ot feath ers, the best non-conductor that .she can get, and that If she Is allowed to havo plenty ot oxygen to burn up with tho carbohydrate of her food she will very easlty keep herself warm In almost any reasonable tem perature. The only practical way to give her this very necessary fuel Is by giving her plenty of fresh air, but drafts always mean roup, and every poultryman knows what that means, writes Bills Santeo of Essex County, N. Y In Farm and Homo. I think all are coming more and moro to appreciate the open front for fair weather, with muslin to cover the oponlng during bad weather. This means that tho rest of tho house will have to be as tight as possible In or dor that thoro may bo no dangerous drafts. Experience has also shown that It Is well to make tho front tight lor about two feet above tho floor, Everyone has his own particular Ideas about shape and size. I like best n square house, with the roof as low as convenience In doing the work will permit. Our most satisfactory house, as shown in cut, Is built on the con tlnuous houBO plan, 20x20 feet, with the eaves 6 Vi toot from the ground In front and no eaveB at the back, the roof coming down evon with the back of the house, which Ib 4Vi feet high, The roofing material extends to the 43L D Santee'a Model House. bottom of tho sill. This gives us a doublo pitched root, with tho maxi mum of head room and a minimum ot air space, Wo are satisfied that concreto U tho Ideal matorlal for a poultry house floor If It Is proporly constructed, It must not be laid In cIobo contact with tho ground unless It Is InBulatod by putting In n thickness of roofing matorlal to keep down tho dampness, Tar folt Is the most economical and Is effective, A foot ot small stone 1b best. It Is Important that tho partitions bo mado solid nt lonst as far front aa tho door, and nt least two foot high tho balance of tho way to provont drafts. If posslblo to havo tho yards In tho rear It Is well to havo tho windows mado In ono sasrl, oxtondlng from tho root to near the floor, hinged nt tho sldo next tho partition, to bo used as a cloan-out door for taking litter In and droppings out. It Is Important Hint thoro bo Bomo glass In each room, even though muslin bo used. This window Bhould always bo In tho southeast corner of tho room, so that you got tho greatest amount of sun light oarly In tho morning. Tho wnlls ot tho houeo should bo aot over ono Inch thick nnd covered with somo kind of roofing material to mako them tight. Matched lumber will shrink- nnd mako a chance for drafts tbnt must bo avoided. Hoofing bonrds, planed on ono sldo, put on with tho planed sldo Insldo nnd cov ered over on tho outsldo back and ends with tho roofing material nro economical and satisfactory, Wo like tar folt Bomo object to Its color. Whatever Is used, the thrco walls, roof and floor should bo tight. Tho old Idea of making tho wnlls doublo thick with sawdust or building papor between mado a fine condensing chamber and a damp place that la unprofitable for poultry. Dry cold Is for preferable to damp warmth. Tho tondoncy all along tho lino soerns to be townrd larger flocks on account of tho labor problem. Ono man will tako care of as many' hens In n lnrgo flock ns two will In smnll flocks. Thus far wo havo not gotten boyond pons holding 136. Tho ques tion of freo rnngo will lnrgoly Influ ence tho slzo of tho pens. We prefer to fence tho garden rather thnn to confine tho hens except during n vory short breeding season. Even then It Is hotter to confine tho ones not In tho breeding pen nnd glvo tho breed era freo range, Of courso, whom ono breeds moro thnn .ono variety this Is out of tho question. To Bum up, then, mnko tho rooms square, largo, tight on every sldo ex cept abovo two foot from the floor on the south sldo. Mako the floor ot concrete nnd got It up off tho ground. Rat-Proof Poultry Houses, Poultry houses may bo mado rab proof by placing dirt or snnd floors on a good concreto foundation, nnd then can bo readily cleaned, In stables woodon floors on concreto, while costing moro thnn tho ordinary floor, will keep out tho rats, Galvanized wlro netting with a half-Inch mesh will prevent rats from gnawing tho wood beneath granaries, poultry houses and small buildings, but the wholo structuro will need to be cov ered, Collar windows should be pro tected In the same manner, Do not place poison whero fowla, other birds or domestic animals can get at it.