ROSE FROM PINBOY TO BOSS
1b despotic. Through coalition with cliques outsldo of that domain ho has
projocted hlmsolf Into stato and notional politics, and Is today reckoned tha
most fecund political entity In Ohio.
Cox Is today a man of great wealth. He Is at tho head of a trust com
pony, or bank, Is a big stockholder In steam and electric railways, telephono
companies, manufacturing enterprises, Including a couplo of car building con
cerns. Is trooHuror of on Insuranco company and controls a number of theaters.
Ho Is of dotonulned character and never calls on governors, senators or,
other distinguished politicians when thoy visit Cincinnati. His motto Is
"What Is worth having Is worth asking for," and those who seek his favor and
advice must call on him.
WAS ONCE A CABINET-MAKER
The career of Gov. Gcorgo W.
Donaghey, twlco chief executive of
Arkansas, shows how success comes
to the man who struggles for It and
Is is worthy of It. Not many years
ago Mr. Donaghey was an obscure cab
inet maker in an Arkansas village. Ho
branched out as a contractor and
earned for himself a splendid reputa
tion as a Bquaro-deallng business man
by tho erection of many public build
ings In Arkansas, Oklahoma and
Somo ton years ago It was dccldod
to erect a now state house In Arkan
sas. Donaghey was one of the bid
ders, but tho contract went to anoth
er. Then" and there ho vowed that he
'would bo tho first to sit under the
dome of the now capltol as governor
of tho state. Ho hod nover been In
politics, and had all to loam about
that Intricate game. While tho odds
wore against him, ho was elected and made such a good executive that ho was
re-olectod, and should ho run again thero is hardly a doubt that ho would be
returned for a third term.
When ho entered office tho now capltol was Involved In a bribery scandal
and legislative tangle that had delayed its construction for soveral years.
Gov. Donaghey took hold of tho situation with Arm hands, brought order out of
chaos, assumed tho direction of tho work himself, and on January 11 last had
tho satisfaction of seeing tho assembling 05 the first legislature In Its marblo
Hned halls. A few days later ho took tho oath of offlco for tho second tlmo,
and thus fulfilled his vow, to bo the first governor to sit boncath Its finished
FRYE IS NESTOR OF SENATE
year and ontered public life halt a century ago when he was elected to the
Malno legislature. After several terms In that body ho waa elected mayor of
hla natlvo city, Lowlston, later became attorney general of tho stato. and then
cntored upon his long career In congress. Ordinarily the leadership In tho
senate would fall upon Senator Frye; but he Is hardly physically capable of the
onerous duties of that position, and tho burden of responsibility will go to an
other. His term will oxplro March i, 1913.
SEEKING ANIMALS FOR FOOD
Tho tlmo may possibly come when
residents of Louisiana may Bhoot hip
popotami from their back porches and
(settlors In the Rockies may chose the
mtmblo eland and springbok all ani
mals now Indigenous to Africa. For a
year or more considerable study lias
been given to certain wild animals of
Africa aB a source of food supply and
the proposition has been seriously ad
vanced to stock tho marshes and
bayous of the south with hippopotami.
In this way some enthusiasts havo
seen a way for getting oven with the
beef trust, oblivious of the fact thnt
tho trust might corner the hippopota
mi equally a tho wild western steers.
The Idea of stocking certain parts
of tho country with animals from Af
rica, which might prove valuablo aB a
food supply, Is now to bo tested. Ono
of the notable globo trotters of Eng
land and a man who Is as familiar
with Africa as he Is with London,
MaJ. Fred R. Burnham, has gone to Africa to capture wild animals, with tho
object of bringing them to this country and domesticating them. Associated
with him In the enterprise Is John Hays Hammond, ono of Jamteson's famous
raiders. MaJ. Burnharn was ono of tho chief scouts of tho British army in
the Boer war and Is familiar with the nature and prospocts for success of
tho task he has turned his hand to. If tho efforts to domesticate the wild
animals of Africa meet with success the menu of tho American table may bo
much diversified and tho Texas steer and the American hog may become ani
mals of less Importance
George D. Cox, tho political boss of
Cincinnati and Hamilton county, who
la now under Indictment on tho charge
of perjury, la essentially n self-made
man. Success has crowned him In
business and politics and tho reason
bo assigns for this Is that he has never
broken his word.
Born amid humble surroundings In
tho West end of Cincinnati, he begnn
life as a plnboy in a bowling alley.
Then he drove a detlvery wagon and
bocame ono of the best known young
men In. the Eighteenth ward, then a
Democratic stronghold. There was a
rebellious sentiment against tho "kid
glovo" element, and Mr. Cox was nom
inated for tho council and elected as h
Republican. He had Just reachod his
majority. With a frlond ho Btarted a
saloon and billiard parlor and laid tho
foundation of his political leadership.
In his power over government In
Cincinnati and Hamilton county Cox
Senator William Pierce Fryo of
Malno Is tho Nestor of tho Unltod
States senate and but few have had a
longer record In that body. Tho late
Senator Merrill of Vormont servod 33
years In tho senate and 11 in the
house of representatives, whllo Sena
tor Allison of Iowa, for many years
before his death a senato leader, sat
in congress 43 years.
Senator FVyo ranks next to Mr. Al
lison in length of service, entering the
house of representatives In 1871, and
serving continuously either in that
body or in tho senate ever since. On
a recent Wednesday ho celebrated his
thirtieth nnnlversary as senntor. It
was on March 15, 1881, that he was
elected by the Maine legislature-to
succeed James G. Blaine, and as
often as his commlslson has expired
It haB slnco been renewed.
The senator Is now In his eightieth
Today an I sat In the garden at piny,
I hoard an old mother hen constantly
Cluck-Cluck! Cluck-Cluck 1" for her
chickens to come.
Tho little chicks scattered to left and
and to light.
Not heeding their mother, who called
with her might.
"Cluck-Cluck! Cluck-Cluck t" for her
chickens to come.
And I thought as I sat 'neath the big
How dreadfully tlrod the old hen muat
Calling, "Cluck-Cluck 1" for her chickens
Just then mother called loud from out
the bjtck door.
But I kept so Btlll-X had done It' be
fore "Doll, Do Doll, Doll!" for her daugh
ter to come.
The voice of my mother rang out soft
But 1 was so laiy I plnyed not to hoar.
"Doll. Dolll Doll. Dolll" for her daugh
tor to come.
Then I thought with a start, as I turned
How tired my mother must be calling
"Doll. Doll! Doll. Dolll" for her daugh
ter to come.
1 Jumped up so quickly, and ran with all
To nnd from my mother what might be
And down In my heart I said, as 1 ran,
I'd nuvor treat mother In that way again!
FUN IN SILHOUETTE MAKER
Affords Much Amusement at Small
Social Affairs Profile Produced
by Aid of Pantograph.
An Ingenious contrivance that will
afford much amusement at small so
clul affairs is the silhouette maker de
signed by a Massachusetts man. With
it accurato little reproductions of tho
Bilhouottes of men and women pres
ent may bo drawn by any porson, no
matter how llttlo artistic ability thoy
possess, tho Invontor claims. A fold
ing frame, ono section of which is a
translucent panel and tho othor adapt
ed to hold a sheet of paper, Is fast
ened to tho back of tho chair In which
tho subject sits. A lighted candle Is
placed at a point whero it throws the
shadow of tho head on tho translu
cent panel. Pinned to tho paper on
tho other side of the frame is a pleco
of carbon papor. By using a panto
graph, which Is a Jointed dovlco for
tho reproduction of a design on a
smaller scale, the silhouette which Is
thrown on tho screen panel can bo
reproduced In mlniaturo on the pa
WEARS AN ELIZABETHAN RUFF
Despite of Wlng-LIko Protuberances
Creature Is Not Angelic Known
as "Frilled Lizard."
Tliia animal Is a lizard. Ho Is not
wearlnc an Elizabethan ruff nnrmifln
It Is tho fashion, but because It is
apparently attached to him.
Tho creature Is not, In spite of tho
wing-llko protuberances, an especially
Lizard With a Frill.
angollo creature. Ho lives In Africa,
Is about three feet long, and known
to famo aa tho "frilled lizard."
Her First Potato Bug.
Nellie, aged live, woh visiting In tho
country, and, seeing u potato bug for
tho first tlmo, sho asked: "Mamma,
docs flleB play lawn tennis?" "No,
dear," replied mamma, "why do you
ask?" "Because," answered the llttlo
lady, "I Just saw ono with a blazer
DAISY AND BUMBLE BEE.
Daisy stood In the meadow,
Her grent eyes wide and blue.
Humble Bee from across the way
Past little Dnlsy ftewf
Daisy saw him coming,
Onenftit lini- hltiA avm wfrit
Her heart pit-patted loudly,
Ana Daisy almost cried.
She felt afraid of Bumble
Old tionev-tiea in holill
For ho sipped all the sweetness
r rom nowcrs, sue was told.
And wasn't sho a flower
A "blossom.1 tuinn khIiI
"A tender, wee, wee blossom,"
ins -uttio aolden-Hsad?"
But Bumble Bee, unmindful
Of nnlnv.mnlil flow mil.
A-seeklng other flowers,
Anil nerrhpil lilmsair at 1am
Within the bosom of a briar,
wmi petals soft and pink;
And Daisy breajhed quite freely,
Alld fl.lt mn ulnil In ItilnU
That thought she was n daisy
ine uriar nan more charm
For Bumble, the old buer,
Who might have done her harm.
GAME OF DUMB INSTRUMENTS
One of Noisiest and Jolllest of Pas
times Cdntlnual Changing Causes
Tho favorite pastimes among th
Chlneso nro those which are sultabh
for playing at tho table. Tho Duml
Instruments" Is ono of tho noisiest
and Jolllost games. In n company ol
any number each takes tho nomo ol
Rome different Instrument, which ho li
supposed to Irattato both In sound and
gesture. Tho leader will take tlx
name of tho drum, which Is the mosl
Important Instrument; tho first mat
on his right will have the horn, th
second tho cymbals, and so on.
Aftor all havo performed for a few
moments on the various Imaginary In
struments tho leader will say, "I past
my drum now to Mr. Ling," who maj
ho sitting on tho other side of tin
table. Thereupon Mr. Ling beglni
beating the drum, and each of tin
other players must Immcdlntolj
change his instrument so that tho or
dor from tho drum shall remain th
For Instanco, lie who sits upon tin
right of Mr. Ling, who now haB the
drum, miiBt tako tho horn, tho second
to tho right tho cymbals,.. and so ou
nround tho circle, each Instrument bo
Ing the samo number qf spaces fro it
tho drum as it ls-wns -b'eforo th
change. This 'continual changing ot
tho drum from ono' person to another,
nnd tho subsequent endeavors to ro
member what Is tho correct Imaglnnrj
Instrument nnd play It properly, nr
provocntlvo of great merriment.
ALTOGETHER TOO QUIET.
"Well, Henry, how do you Hlco youi
"Not at nil. They're so qulot thni
I daren't move, or mamma can't heni
what they're saying."
Mamma sowing, Gcorglo standlnj
by Georglo: Mnmmu, did you ovci
tell a lie?
Shocked Mamma: Well perhnpi
when 1 wns young nnd know no bet
Georglo: Did papa over tell a Ho'
Mamma: I supposo ho might hav4
dono so when ho knew no better.
A pauso Georglo: Weill I won't
go to heaven!
Shocked mnmma: My son! what
do you mean?
Georglo: I don't want to go U
heaven, 'cnuso It will bo bo lonesome
with nobody thoro but God and Georgt
Beaver Dam Builder.
A man who had his doubts nboin
beavers being able to build dams wm
presented with a baby beaver by i
hunter. It became n groat pot, bui
showed no signs of wanting to build i
dam until ono day a leaky pailful o:
water was put on tho floor of tho out
kitchen. Tho beaver was there, am
though little more than n baby, whoi
ho saw tho water oozing across tin
floor he scampered Into tho yrfrd
brought a chip and began his work. Hit
owner kept the pall filled and loft, thi
building material at hand, and the lit
tie fellow kept at his work until ho hu
built a solid dam around the pall.
Brief Document is Transmitted to
IS ALL ABOUT RECIPROCITY
President Tells of Negotiations Lead
ing to the Canadian AgroemenL
and Asks Early Action Con
firming the Pact.
Washington, April G. President
Toft's message to tho 62nd congress
In extraordinary session was trans
mitted to both branches of congress
today. Tho mcssago In full was as
To tho senato and houeo of ropre
icntatlvcsj I transmitted to tho sixty-first
congress on January fith. Inst.
tho text of tho reclnrop.ltv tmHn
igreoment which had been negotiated
under my direction by the secretary
of stato wltli the representatives of
tho Dominion of Canada. This agree
ment was tho consummation of ear
nest efforts oxtendlng over a period
of noarly a year, on tho part of both
governments to' offect a trado ar
rangement which, supplementing as
It did tho nmlcnblo settlement of vari
ous questions ot a diplomatic and po
litical character that had "boon
reacned, would mutually promoto
commcrco nnd would strengthen the
friendly relations now exiting.
Tho agreement In Its Intent and In
Its terms woa purely economic nnd
commercial. While tho general sub
ject was under discussion by tho com
missioners, I felt assured that tho
lentlraent of tho peoplo ot tho United
States was such that thoy would wol
eomo a mcaauro which would result
In the Incroaao of trado on both sides
of tho boundary lino, would open up
Iho rescrvo productive resources of
"unada to tho great mass of our own
consumers on ndvantngcoua condi
tions nnd at tho samo tlmo offer a
broader outlet for tho excess products
of our farms nnd many of our Indus
tries. Details regarding a negotiation
of this kind necessarily could not
bo mado public whllo tho conferences
wero ponding. However, tho full toxt
of tho agreement with tho accom
panying correspondence and data ex
plaining both Its purposo and Its
icope becamo known to tho people
through tho message transmitted to
Approved by the People.
It was Immediately apparent that
tho ripened fruits of tho careful lnbors
of tho commissioners met with wide
ipread approval. This approval haB
been strengthened by further consid
eration of tho forms of tho agreement
In all their particulars. Tho Volumo
of support which has dovclopod shows
that ItH brondly national scope la
fully appreciated and Is responslvo to
tho popular will.
Tho liouso of representatives of tho
Sixty-first congress, nftor tho full text
of tho arrangement with nil tho de
tails In regard to tho different provi
sions hnd boon boforo It, as they wero
beforo tho American people, pnBBt'd
tho bill confirming tho agreement pu
negotiated and ns transmitted to con
gresR. This mensuro failed of action
In tho sennte. in my transmitting
message of the 20th of January, I fully
let forth tho character of tho ngroo
mont and emphasized Its appropriate
ness nnd necessity ns n response to
tho mutual needs of tho peoplo of tho
two countries, ns well as Its common
advantages. I now lay that mcssago
and the reciprocal trndo agreement,
ns Integrally n part of the present
message, beforo tho Stxty-socond con
gress and again Invito earnest atten
tion to the considerations therein ex
pressed. Early Action Is Urged.
I am constrained In doforonco to
popular sentlmont and with a realiz
ing sense of my duty to tho great
masses of our peoplo whoso welfare Is
Involved, to urgo upon your considera
tion onrly action on this agreement
In concluding tho negotiations tho
representatives that tho two coun
tries bound themsolves to uso their
utmost efforts to bring about tho tap
Iff chnnges provided for in the agree
ment by concurrent legislation at
Washington and Ottawa. I havo felt
It my duty, theroforo, not to no
qulesco In relegation of action until
tho opening of tho congress In De
cember, but to uso my constitutional
prerogative and convoko tho Sixty
second congress In extra session in
order that thero shall bo no break ot
continuity In considering nnd acting
upon this moBt Important subject.
WILLIAM II. TAFT.
Tho Whtto House, April G, 1911.
Has No Excuse.
"Do you expect to piny golf this
"No. I'm on tho water wagon."
Should Be Propared.
"There's ono thing about tho Amen
Icon-Jnponeso war If It Is evor pullod
"And what Is that?"
"Hobson has given plenty of nottct
to tho moving picture concerns."
nestnurant Proprietor So you wor
In your lasfplaco for three years.
Why did you leave?
New Chef I was pardoned. Cath
FR&H AIR WITHOUT DRAFTS
Poultrymen Beginning to Appreciate
Advantages of Open Front Type
of Buildings for Fowls.
Poultrymen are beginning to learn
that It biddy has a house all her owi,
whose side walls are made ot feath
ers, the best non-conductor that .she
can get, and that If she Is allowed to
havo plenty ot oxygen to burn up
with tho carbohydrate of her food
she will very easlty keep herself
warm In almost any reasonable tem
perature. The only practical way to
give her this very necessary fuel Is
by giving her plenty of fresh air, but
drafts always mean roup, and every
poultryman knows what that means,
writes Bills Santeo of Essex County,
N. Y In Farm and Homo.
I think all are coming more and
moro to appreciate the open front for
fair weather, with muslin to cover
the oponlng during bad weather. This
means that tho rest of tho house will
have to be as tight as possible In or
dor that thoro may bo no dangerous
drafts. Experience has also shown
that It Is well to make tho front tight
lor about two feet above tho floor,
Everyone has his own particular Ideas
about shape and size. I like best n
square house, with the roof as low as
convenience In doing the work will
permit. Our most satisfactory house,
as shown in cut, Is built on the con
tlnuous houBO plan, 20x20 feet, with
the eaves 6 Vi toot from the ground In
front and no eaveB at the back, the
roof coming down evon with the back
of the house, which Ib 4Vi feet high,
The roofing material extends to the
Santee'a Model House.
bottom of tho sill. This gives us a
doublo pitched root, with tho maxi
mum of head room and a minimum ot
Wo are satisfied that concreto U
tho Ideal matorlal for a poultry house
floor If It Is proporly constructed, It
must not be laid In cIobo contact
with tho ground unless It Is InBulatod
by putting In n thickness of roofing
matorlal to keep down tho dampness,
Tar folt Is the most economical and
Is effective, A foot ot small stone 1b
It Is Important that tho partitions
bo mado solid nt lonst as far front aa
tho door, and nt least two foot high
tho balance of tho way to provont
If posslblo to havo tho yards In tho
rear It Is well to havo tho windows
mado In ono sasrl, oxtondlng from tho
root to near the floor, hinged nt tho
sldo next tho partition, to bo used as
a cloan-out door for taking litter In
and droppings out. It Is Important
Hint thoro bo Bomo glass In each
room, even though muslin bo used.
This window Bhould always bo In tho
southeast corner of tho room, so that
you got tho greatest amount of sun
light oarly In tho morning.
Tho wnlls ot tho houeo should bo
aot over ono Inch thick nnd covered
with somo kind of roofing material to
mako them tight. Matched lumber
will shrink- nnd mako a chance for
drafts tbnt must bo avoided. Hoofing
bonrds, planed on ono sldo, put on
with tho planed sldo Insldo nnd cov
ered over on tho outsldo back and
ends with tho roofing material nro
economical and satisfactory, Wo like
tar folt Bomo object to Its color.
Whatever Is used, the thrco walls,
roof and floor should bo tight. Tho
old Idea of making tho wnlls doublo
thick with sawdust or building papor
between mado a fine condensing
chamber and a damp place that la
unprofitable for poultry. Dry cold Is
for preferable to damp warmth.
Tho tondoncy all along tho lino
soerns to be townrd larger flocks on
account of tho labor problem. Ono
man will tako care of as many' hens
In n lnrgo flock ns two will In smnll
flocks. Thus far wo havo not gotten
boyond pons holding 136. Tho ques
tion of freo rnngo will lnrgoly Influ
ence tho slzo of tho pens. We prefer
to fence tho garden rather thnn to
confine tho hens except during n vory
short breeding season. Even then It
Is hotter to confine tho ones not In
tho breeding pen nnd glvo tho breed
era freo range, Of courso, whom
ono breeds moro thnn .ono variety
this Is out of tho question.
To Bum up, then, mnko tho rooms
square, largo, tight on every sldo ex
cept abovo two foot from the floor on
the south sldo. Mako the floor ot
concrete nnd got It up off tho ground.
Rat-Proof Poultry Houses,
Poultry houses may bo mado rab
proof by placing dirt or snnd floors on
a good concreto foundation, nnd then
can bo readily cleaned, In stables
woodon floors on concreto, while
costing moro thnn tho ordinary floor,
will keep out tho rats, Galvanized
wlro netting with a half-Inch mesh
will prevent rats from gnawing tho
wood beneath granaries, poultry
houses and small buildings, but the
wholo structuro will need to be cov
ered, Collar windows should be pro
tected In the same manner, Do not
place poison whero fowla, other birds
or domestic animals can get at it.
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