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TIE SEMI-WEEKLY TMMMIE WORKS THREE ACRES
IRA L. DARE, Publtshor. TERMS, $1.26 IN ADVANCB. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA Pennsylvanlan Makes Living on Small Farm. INDUSTRY AND EDUCATION. For bodiq years tho tendency of young men Booking hlghor education gas been toward law and medlclno. Schools ot theso professions have In creased In number and tbe Melds o( occupation have become more over crowded, says tbe Omaha Uee. Cer tain new tendencies In Industry and tbe science of treating human Ills are at work which suggest tbe possibility of a change In tbe drift of tho educa tional current. Public and private, en. terprlse are enlisted In a movement to work out now cures for old doseasoi and Improve sanitation throughout tho country. Vast progress baa been, and more will bo, made, Along with this, though distinctly npart from It, goes tho effort of tho government and prlvnto capital to harness naturo lot tho needs of Industry; to opon up irri gation and wator-powor plants for ag ricultural and Industrial purposes. The Now Vork Times Invites to tho now fields of scientific service tho attention of young men contemplating finished educations. They aro, undoubtedly, prolific of opportunities. What will the effect be In these two channels? Will tho current bo dlvorted from law ntid medlclno to that of technical or sani tary engineering? How rapidly the noroplnno is becom ing practically useful is shown by the plan of tho English postodlce depart ment to Install immediately an aerial post between London and Windsor and tho report that tho French postal officials Intend to employ tho hydro aeroplane for delivering mall from In coming steamships. Bays tho Chicago Itecord-llorald. Not mora, than two years ago men of (jftairs and scientists saw little possibility of tho heavier-Ihan-alr machines becoming more than a means ot sport Thcro seems not much to be galnod in time In send ing letters by aeroplane between Lon don and Windsor, but the oxporlment will doubtless lead to the establish ment of other lines If successful. The distance is only 21 miles, and It li Success s Mostly Due to the I rr I na tion System Which Ha Been In stalled on PlaceWater Is ef Utmost Importance. Working thrco acres or less to their fullest capacity, Fred W. Jtltchlo, who lives within tho limits of an eastern Pennsylvania town, is ablo to mako an excellent living. Mr, Rltchio con fines himsotf mostly to crops that ex perience has shown him pay best In his locality and sells tho greater part of his produce In tho market houses of his homo town, whero regular cus tomers are eager for his vegetables at good prices, writes 13, Harrington In tho Country Gentleman, Tho plan of taking n stall at a markot houso Is ono that has many advantages over the practlco of selling from houso to bouse, which must bo followed In mora northern cities If ono has private cus tomers. During tho season when busi ness is dull Mr. Ritchie is nblo to sup plement his Incomo by buying, Bomo produco to bo rotalled at markot prices. h'ls threo acres, howover, together with two greenhouses, keep him busy most of tho tlmo. Ha practices tho most Intensive, culture and uses water liberally. Tho fact that ho has city water on tap makos this possible. In deed, ho saya thoro would bo little possibility of making n success In his lino of work unless, water could be used, without stint Within tho Inst year or two an Irri gation system ha? been Installed on tho little plant. Spvornl Unco of pipe extend tho length of the field, running parallel to each other, and aro so ar ranged that tho streams which they throw cover tho cntlro area. The dif ferent linos of plpo aro governed by lovers noar tho house, so that In a fow moments' tlmo It is posslblo to havo wator playing ovor tho outlro field. Tho .pipes aro raised on woodou FIRST IRRIGATION OF SOIL There Is Very Little Danger of Get ting Too Much Water on New Lands for First Two 8eaton. On new lands there Is little danger In ualng too milch "writer for thO first two seasons after reclamation begins. Many of our western soils havo never been wet to a depth of two feet, at least since tho cllmato began to bo arid, and most of our soils havo prob ably been formed since that time. Be fore these soils can bo put In the best producing condition they need to bo so thoroughly saturated with mofeHttre that tho subsoil Is well saturated or thcro Is a union of the frco water hear tho surface with that which consti tutes subsurface drainage. This movement Is what is known as film moisture downward into tho soils occupied by plant roots and Into tho dralnago docs many things which lm provo its cropping capacity. If tho moisture increases downward, tho roots of tho plants aro Induced to, grow deeply Into tho soil and establish permanent and Important feeding sys tems. Tho Importance of deep root lug, especially with porcnnlal plants, can hardly ho underestimated, and whero tho subsoil remains dry deep rooting will not occur. Tho; first Irrigation, therefore. should bo abundant nnd continued for a long enough tlmo to soak deeply in to tho subsoil, Of course, much will depend on tho character of tho soil, Its depth and porosity. If a crop Is being grown which will not stand the flooding of a sufficient length of time, tho Irrigation should bo dqno by run ning water through furrows or corru gations. Ono of tho apparent reasons for beginners fulling to get maximum crops on new soils In that they Hp not understand tho neqesslty of Ailing, tho subsoil with moisture, which both supplies the roots of tho plants nnd does many things to bring tho land Into proper condition of tilth. After tho soil has once becomo wot It will absorb wator much mora readi ly and as thcro Is a partial supply of molsturo stored In tho subsoil much less water will bo required to secure what wo muy call a thorough irrigation. It . Is after the land has been Irrigated a fow seasons that tho supports, porhaps a foot and n half above tho ground, Mr. Itltchlq's land ,h.naor r hvor.Irrlitntlon -1b' nrcatest is amueu into two noius, on opposite ovf.irrfcntlon Is much more ant to ANDOTHE am - Gotham Fat Women Outnumber Fat Men N KW YORK. Why are there so many fat women?" A man rushing upon his doom asked this question. Ho spoke of tho Increasing prevalence of largo fomlnlno persons, not with admiration, but with profound dismay, "Why are there ho many fat women 7" ho rcitoratcd. "I havo watched the passing throng in several cities and while ono fat man was passing 1 havo counted , not fowor than four fat wom en. This ratio has held true when ever and wherever I hnvo had occa sion to tako observations, "Theso women nro, for tho most part, between thlrty-llvo and llfty-llvo years old. They cither waddlo ponder ously or propel themselves forward with not tho slightest perccptlblo freedom of motion, looking tho" whjlo Ilko statues moving dn rollers-,' Tho alarming corpulenco of our middle sged women Ib getting serious. They seem to bo fattening for -a slumber ous old ago. "If ono looks about In Now York theaters and restaurants tho conclu sion thnt tho Now York women seen there aro ubout twenty pounds over weight looms largo nnd Inevitable. And In thoso rcstnurants lies tho ex- planalpnof tke phenomena. Weueat too much In New York, because the best food In tho country is shipped here and the best cooks prepare, It." "Working women, women of leisure time killers about our fashionable ho tels, all indicate that tho typical New York beauty begins life as a slcndet maiden of eighteen or twenty, and broadens Into tho plump and pleasing matron of twenty-flvo to thlrty-llvo After that thero Is but ono ungatlant expression to descrlbo her proportions, tho ono a married man used who said he was 'suffering from fatty degencra tlon of tho sweetheart.' " Hut whllo thcro nro many persons who wjll testify to their own oculai perception of the stoutness of Now York woman, thero are certain Indi viduals who know absolutely about tbe matter. Thoy aro tho buyers or ready mado Bults and gowns In large depart ment storcB. Ono of theso buyers, n woman who draws a largo salary Iron the most conservatlvo houso in Now. York, said: "Now York women nro growing, enormous. Today the avorage cub "tomer. In 'our storo Weighs 105 pounds. "Tho roason why American wonon do not look woll In tho hobble skirt Is becauso thoy aro too largo for It. French women havo comparatively email hips and they can nfford to havo their gowns pulled in at tho foot. Skirts aro narrower than over this year, and I am auro I do not knQw how Now York women aro going to wear them." Moving Picture Shows Grip Chicago sides of tho street. Tho irrigation system proved so satisfactory In tho field nearest tho houso thnt It has now bcon Installed In tho second Held. In addition to this plan of outsldo oxpoctcd that tho trip will tako about , 1,B l " ,aif h... a ,(...,.. ' Irrigation, Mr. Illtchlo nlso wators his unu at mvui jx it v 14 UAjii uua hi uim could travel as quickly. As regards tke transfer of mall rrom stoamBhlps, there seem greater possibilities; sev eral hours may be gained. An entirely unromantlc Austrian count, who has lived In Now York tome years concealing his title and earning his bread, has just found It necessary In getting n marriage II cense to reveal his secret lie came to America to escape the dull conven tions Imposed by his rank at home, and is so .well content with i social freedom that ho will never return to Austria. This is not the kind qf no bleman that marries an American heiress In a church decorated with 10,000 worth of rosos, but ho will make no worse American citizen on that account, Persons who grow vastly discontent ed, with their lot If thoy are not pro moted or otherwise olovated In pow.et and remuneration every year or twe may be Interested in the announce meat that Principal Charles F. Han man, who has Just retired from serv ice In New York city, has been a 'schoolmaster for iltty-four yoars and only "mimed" two days. Ills boys gave him a reunion dlnnor, Thoy be lieve, and rightly, that he has had b great influence upon the civilization of the city. According to reports fromu United States Consul Charles Adams Holdou ot Rouen the much discussed project of establishing a train ferry service between Dieppe, France, and New haven, Eng., Is soon to becomo an ac complished fact At pronont passen gers and freight aro transferred from the railway cars p steamers, trans ported across the English chaunel, and again loaded on the railway. Ily having ferry steamers on which an entire train could be transported, all the annoyance, expense and waste ol time could be avoided. A woman in New York In a hobble skirt chased, and caught & pickpocket Of eourse, In the interests of reason and logic, tho hobble skirt should have brought Its wearer to failure, but it was strictly in tbe nature of Illogical femininity that she triumphed, and criticism is again abashed, Never watch an airship, O Innocent bystander, from tho track of taxlcabs or street cars. An outsldo umptro declares that New York has cleaner streets than .Chicago. Hut tho western metropolis is not to be outdono In something su perlative. It has smaller mosquitoes than New York ever dreamed of, and, moreover, thoy are a aolf-culturo, Bo honors are evon. greonhouso crops In tho snm'o way, tho pipes being so arranged that tho turn ing of a lover will causo sprays of wa ter to roach tho whole surface of tho beds, drenching thorn with a gantlo shower that docs not wash out tho smallest plants. Mr, Illtchlo has found this method of applying wntor a great convenience as well as a tlmc-saver. Tho leading crop on this llttlo plant Is lettuce, of which cnormouB quantl ties arc grpwru The. market, price for lettuce' varies, but ri'omotlrnea It runs. as high bb ten cents. On sovoral oc casions Mr. Illtchlo has had large crops growlngwhlch ho estimated as worth eight cents in tho Held. For a long tlmo ho costfldorod Dig Boston tho best variety for his purposo, but for the last two or threo Beasonu has been Importing much of his seed from Germany, having found n variety which proved a particularly good crop per, as well as producing well-formed and attractive heads. Mr. Illtchlo con siders lettuce or snlad, as It Is more commonly known in Pennsylvania tho best crop for markot gardonora ot limited areas, espuctally In parts ot tho country whero tho summers nro very hot, bacausa tho farmers cannot ratso It, owing to tho lack of sudlclcnt water. A largo part of tha produce on salo at tho market houso la brought In by farmers, and tho succoHBful market gardener grows tho crops they cannot wall mnturo instead of trying to compete with them In producing such vegetables nti cabbago and toma toes... Everything depends upon taking advantage of clrcumstnncos. Some fnrmers in Pennsylvania, Isolated from gobd rotall markets, hnvo found cabbago a highly prolltablo crop. Mr. Rltchio sometimes uses nrtitl cial shado during tho hottest woathor, arranging a canvas covering over a part of his crop, and Hints tho plan worth whllo. Parsloy and rod bcota havo proved oxcollont crops, although the demand for tho former Is not so groat that It can bo grown In largo quantltlou. Radishes, celery mid on Ions are also grown to soino extent, tho radlshcB finding a ready markot very curly In tho season. Manure is. relied upon for fertilizing the crops and all tho cultivation is done by hand, wheol hoes being om ployed to a largo extent, though con Btdorablo work In weeding la dono on tho hands and kneos by tho tlvo or six helpers who aro employed during tho busy season. Tho manure Is hauled from neighboring atnblos. Tho hlrod holp is secured wherever posslblo and constitutes, ono ot tho greatest prob loins Mr, Rltchio has to meet. In an attempt to solve this question of la bor, Mr. Rltchio has recently largely Increased lata greenhouse nron ami now haH 20,000 square feet or gtnBs, hoat being provided by two modorn hot water boilers. Tho greenhouses nro devoted entirely to growing gor anlums for cuttings, This work gives omploymont to llvo men throughout the winter, and Mr. Illtchlo la now ablo to engage his men by tho year, Ho expects that this plan will largely obvlato hla annual spring worrlmqnt ovor tho matter of laborora to tako care of tho summer crops. cause troublo on heavy soils, or thoso without good drainage. Hero tho water stands for a long time on tho surface, partially or wholly drowning tho crop and destroying userul bac teria, or preventing them from accom plishing work because of tho luck ot air. DAIRY NOTES. Milk should not ntund In tho stable. A dustlesB milking room Is desir able. Tho milker should bo a neat, tidy person. Keep tha -milk as cold as poBslDie When once cooled. Tho Booncr the milk Is cooled after milking tho better. Feeding and bedding, unless moist, should bo dono after milking. Tho milker's hands and clothes slfould bo clean while milking. If milk is aerated, it should bo dono before cooling und in pure ulr. Uso milk paljB, cans, etc., for no other purpose but to hold milk. There is no bettor feed ror uairy eowtf than airu ru. euner green or cured. , Keep tho cows clean, nnd do not compel or allow them to wado and llvo in illth. ' Brush down tho cobwebs and keep tho barn free from accumulation or dust and traah, Tim lieHt market for dairy butter Is tho Individual market that Is worked" up by tho dairyman himself. Tho milker should bo free from dlB- ease and should not como In contact with any communicable disease., When farm-made butter Is put on tho regular markot It is sure to suffer In comparison with tho creamery prod' uct Tho demand for dairy stock con tinues greater than tho supply. The prospects are that prices will range oven higher than nt this time. The scurclty of feed makes It nil tho moro Important thnt tho poor cows bo weeded out. Tho toBter and tho scales aro tho means to bo used. When ono skims with tho cream c-eparator ho may havo thick or thin cream us ho wishes. This is not thq caso when hand skimming Is de pended upon. CHICAGO. Tho moving picture show Is' putting baseball far In tnb shado In its bid forpopularlty. In Chicago thero aro four porsons who attend moving plcturo shows for every ono that attends a baseball game. Moving plcturo "fans" nro becoming moro nnd moro numerous, nnd their patronago is becoming so popular that tho pro prietors aro giving moro than 20 par sent, more pictures for a nickel than thoy did a year 'ago. Tho-records or tho moving plcturo bureau or tho po llco department In charge of Borgt Jeremiah O'Connor show that thero nro CC0 shows in Chicago. Besides these, all of tho largo vaudeville bouseH are running moving plcturos, and tho craze has reached such pro portions that tho centrally located tho fttors even are presenting pictures be :ween tho acts. The llrst movlng-plctura shows woro established in 1908. Tho first neigh borhood theaters wero located In re modeled storo buildings. The public took to thorn quickly nnd they grow in number rnpldly. All woro not success ful, principal- because every Tom, Dick and Hnrry who had n low dol lars to invest bought a moving-picture machine, rented a place and mado u bid for pntronngo. WEAK, ILL AND MISERABLE. How many people suffer from back ache, headacho nnd dizziness with out realizing the causo? Theso, symp toms ot kidney trouble are too serious to neglect James C Hardin, Wcatherford, Texas, says: "My feet and limbs became numb kud I had terrible pains through the small of say back. Kl(ney secretions caused untold annoy ance by their fre quency In passage and I began to think there was no hope for me. Doan's Kidney Pills cured me and I have not had the slightest trouble ince." "When Your Back is Lame, Remem ber tho NamoDOAN'S." For salo by druggists and general storekeepers everywhere. Prlco 60c. Foster-Mllburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. - Its Location. Llttlo Brother Where's my flBhln' pole gone, to? Bigger Brother Sister's usln' It for a nn,tpinl Puck. Thoso handled by experienced show mon prospered. A movlng-picturo in spection , bureau was established, and, after tho usual red tape and delay it got down to working order. Tho Chi cago bureau has been so well bandied at nil tlmos that it is acknowledged to be tho best In the United States. Seventy thousand feet of films are inspected overy week by tho burenu. The seven police ofllcers In cbargo are responsible for tho supervision and censorship of all tho theaters in tho city, their Inspections extending to both sides of tho footlights. Souvenir postal cards offered for sale In Chi cago also aro under tholr Inspection. From two to ten Eets or pictures aro rojocted each wook. "Cutouts" aro ordered in perhaps an averago of a dozen sots of films each week. Tho police censors order cut every scene Whlr-h If nnnntnfi urfthln Mia!., airrht , ....... ...cat o.Ci would bo prohibited by law if nro- sented inTeallty: Kansas. Hiking Clubs on Long Trudge Dt EAT A ...imi e raifiru yyrivuc Mtiiuil WHEN WE" GET THERE Qood Hog Tonic, Tho United States Department of Agriculture rocommends tho following mixture as an excellent hog tonic: "Wood charcoal, ono pound; common salt, two pounds, sodium bicarbonate two pounds; sodium hyposulphate, two pounds; Bodlum sulphato, ono pound; antimony - sulphldo, one pound." These substances aro thor oughly powdered and mixed. A dose Is a largo tnblcBpoonful for each 200 pounds ot hog llesh. It Is most con veniently given In a thin slop. rOPEKA, Kan. If walking Is good exercise ror tho city man on Bun dny, why la It not good ror him on any omor uay or mo weeiu That is a question which not less than twenty hiking clubs nro considering in as many Kansas towns. Goir and auto- moblling nro threatened by this now system or exerclso. Edward Payson Weston when ho walked through Kan sas a year or moro ago started tho Idea of hiking clubs among tho busi ness men of tho towns nnd cities. In forty or fifty towns- clubs-wore formed to go on walks an Sunday morning. Sunday was choson becauoo it; was tho only day tho business men could de vote to exercise Now they nro plan nlng In several towns to mako two or threo hikes each week. An enrly morning walk and a fried chicken breakfast flvo or six mlloa out In tho Late Hatched Chicks, Chlckena hatched off in Into sum mor or very early fall aro coming to bo recogntzod as being about as profit able as any other, perhaps moro so, for tho reason that a greater pur cent. ot them nro raised to maturity than nro thoso which aro handled during tho warmer period of summer. country is something to think nbout Tho business mon organlzo a walk ing club, tho Poripntetic club or tho Weston Wabblors or something Hko thnt, nnd select a captain. It is tho captain's business to pick out tho road over which tho hlko will bo mad,o on Sunday morning and notify hies co-party. Another of his duties la to havo a conference with Mrs. Jontss (ir Mrs. Smith or Mrs. Brown, who happens to llvo flvo or six mll-38 out on tho rond selected, and arrrngo with her to havo ready n steaming hct break fast of fried chicken, brown gravy, biscuits and alfalfa honey at seven o'clock. Usually tho prlco tor such a Sunday morning brcakrast out In tho country is CO cents n plate. During tho last summer tho Term ors' wives who havo prepared theso feasts for the hikers havo been nstlr carlr. Thoy watch down ba road ror tho column or walkers to como ovor tho hill, and then they take tho bis cuits and fried chicken out of tha oven. Tho tablo Is always set when the men nnive. and It Is tho evidence of every Kansas woman who has en tertained tho hikers ttrot thoy are hearty caters. Western Cities Are to Have Pennies S It is believed that Lako Michigan cools off Chicago, whllo It warms the fruit belt of Michigan, Could any thing be more amiable? Great Britain's chicken crop num bers 37,000,000, nnd tho agricultural board ot that country savB It should be thrco tlmos that numbor. Cowo In Australia. Australia has cows enough to give each man, woman und child in tho Island continent thrco aploco, whllo tho Argentine can oven do better, Thoro aro flvo cattlo to ouch Inhab itant ot the big South American republic, ALT LAKE CITY, Utah. After years of turning up noses nt cheap people or tho east who would need such a small coin an n penny In do ing tholr dally business, thero has been developed a real call In tho west for these same coins. It is largely duo to tho feeling or the housowlvcs thnt much monoy could bo snvod In tholr buylnc nt tho shops and in other ways If thoy had tho smull pieces or money. A movement Nhas boon put under way for tho banks to Import the coins, and somo ot tho shops are already advertising wares ror sums that chango Into pennlos. Whon an Inquiry was roccntly mndo Into this subject by persons Interested It was found that loss than 20,000 ponnlcs wero In Salt Lako City. Many of them wero hold by tho banks, which said' thoy had dlfllculty In disposing of hem. As In other cities In tho west, tbo nickel hnd been tho small coin GIVE ME ALL TH" CHMCE - CAM use all! TH PEMMIES I CAN GET J Cole's Cnrbollsalve quickly relieves and cures burning, Itching and torturing skin diseases. It lnatnntly stopo tho pnln ot burns. Cures without scars. 23c and COa by druggists. For free sample wrlto to J, V. Colo & Co., BJack Itlvor alls, Wl. Thero Is a certain amount of lyo in soap, but that Is no reason why it should bo Injected Into tho advertisements. Inflammatory Rheumatism may make rou a cripple for life. Don't wait for Inflnmmntion ,to ret in. When lh& first ulight pnins appenr, drive the poUon out with Ilamlins Wizard Oil. Swiss Woman Preacher. Miss Octrrudo von Potzold will prob ably bo tho first woman preacher In Switzerland, now that tho synod of tho cantons has decided that women may preach. Sho was formerly min ister of tho Frco Christian church In Leicester, England, whero sho was born. Sho has also preached in this :ountry. Usual Thing. "Been taxing your eyes lately?" isked tho oculist "Yes," said tho patient; "I looked all throngh a newspaper of 144 pages which enmo through tho mall to mo bearing tho words 'marked copy." "No wonder your eyes smart!" "Oh, but that Isn't tho worst of it didn't find anything marked." Buf. Calo Expressi HIGHLY AMUSED. nnd tho easy sponuers had treated even that soraowhat contemptuously Tho newspapers sell for tlvo cents n copy, Children havo been brought ut to tho Idoa of asking fqr a nlckol for candy nnd spending It Now tho cost of living Is coming home even to tha free-spending wo3t and housowlvos havo round that It Is not only woll to look nftor tho pickets but the pennies, too. It Is pointed out that under tho present systom it purchaso comes to an .odd amount the total is put up to mako tho oven nlcket tor the shopkeeper. tj.Lr Hiram Greene What did your sis ter say when you told her I was going to mako a speech in tho town hall tonight? Willie Sho didn't say nothln'; sho lust laughed until sho had hysterics. SOUND 8LEEP Can Easily Do Secured. "Up to 2 years ago," a woman writes, I was In tho habit of using both tea and coffee regularly. "I found that my health was begin ning to fall, strange norvous attacks would como suddenly upon mo, making mo treiblo so excessively that I could not do my work whllo they lasted; ray sloop left mo and I passed long nights in restless discomfort I was filled with a nervouB dread as to tho futuro. "A friend suggested that possibly tea and coffco wero to blatno, and I docldod to glvo them up, and in cast ing about for a hot tablo boverage, which I folt wa3 an absoluto necessity, I was led by good fortuno to try Post-urn. "For moro than a year I havo used It thrco times a day and expect, bo much good has it dono me, to con tiuuo Its use during tho rest of my llfo. "Soon after beginning tho uso of Postum, I found, to my surprise, that. Instead of tossing on u sleepless bed through tho long, dreary night, I droppod into a sound, dreamless sleep tho moment my head touched tho pil low. "Then I suddonly realized that nil my nervousness had loft mo, and my appetite, which had fallen off beforo, had all'nt onco been restored so that I ato my food with a keen relish. "All tho nervous dread has gone. I walk a mllo and a halt each way to my work overy day and enjoy it. I find an Interest in everything that goes on about mo that makes life a pleasure. All this I owo to leaving oft tea and coffee and tho uso of Postum, for I havo taken no medicine." Kamo given by Postum Co., Battlo Creek, Wlch. "Thcro's a reason," nnd it is ex plained In tho llttlo book, "Tho Road to Wollvllle." in pkgs. liver rend Uio ntmve letter? A new ont-..niirnra from lime to time. They are icenaine, true, and full of huaiva Interest.