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hs Gbm merc NEWS forth YOUNG PEOPLE TESTING THE OPERA GLASSES PUSSY PLUMPKIN. of the. Great Lake I - I I ' ' ! iijJiiiiiHv SH M 9"tfe. EVERAL recent or I $" lifinib II &. H-""' u - -ULWfl -JJ prospective events I 1 fPHHPPfCS WlW K2Pf TV&r ?T xtrXtEmSTinlsY 1 II SfllgHt. .ajyyc ?&zircsjyrzz3e& V m, yv I I'0" Juit now to our jl JIsJBkKSBv iIlPL II" 1 ' t"JRs&w JCV great unsalted seas U lmmmrriSBsnffiifflfv II affW--W 'oviSx j3hi nnd t0 tno roranrk KgMBBiiBKBKlfffifli fcss HZwi&L MSfe. tf "afft&y"fia nb,o commorco of If HflBflEK l$p fff: IllftL TrJ'Li- i tfSgfc this thousand-mllo 11 JKSSIKKmSSSiBM fHyL7 I HPP' 1 n 1 n n d waterway. II .H9H9KfflPRlK!7f Hl'fKS. TtSk JjMKra "fMfflBSWraM 1?' vf lPf a I JrS- ltM ? TW. IdflMk jTSst among theso stlmu- II HSHHPf vOsSfl jitrNL. 'BH II t&Wn Ph? f Ftmtgt-tmUKm-t . iis. : avirong -;!, jmmRBhmi)usS9Rkj&hIHI w. k BMkii .MKwjK9.'.2v.waMUMOHHVvWSKraMflK!iMiH i ifSi.vii srlifPif?lfSiy-HkV2' fcjafcfc:il'.v;'fHi:,s- :!-M;C5i(MU ,--3aill'B EVERAL recont or prospective events are combining to di rect especial atton tlon Just now to our great unsalted seas and to tho remark nblo commorco of this thousand-mllo Inland waterway. ForomoHt, perhaps, among theso stimu lants of popular Inter est are tho prepara tions being mado to honor Commo dore Porry, tho hero of that most slg nlflcant historical ovent, tho Battle of Lake Erie. It was Porry, more than any other ono man, who has giv en tho Great Lakos n placo In tho his torical annals of tho republic fully In keeping with tho prcstlgo those In land seas enjoy in tho commercial chronlclo of tho nation. Tho ono hundredth anniversary of Perry's victory is approaching and preparations aro undor way for tho erection of a magnificent Porry mo mortal, overlooking Put-ln-Hay, whore Perry's ships were harbored beforo and aftor tho victory ovor tho llrltlsh on Lako Erlo. Tho memorial which will take tho form of a towering shaft and a museum building will stand on tho small isthmus connecting tho two soctlonB of ono of tho principal Isl ands at Put-in-Day. This chosen sito is of additional interest from tho fnct that It was hero, aftor tho naval vie tory, that American troops undor Gen eral William Honry Hnrrison wero or ganized and drilled preparatory to tho battle of tho Thames and tho capture of Detroit. Furthermore tho memorial will bo unlquo In that tho toworing shaft will bo mado to servo as a light houso of tho first ordor. Tho Musoum of Historic Relics will bo a hall of line proportions, with upward of G.000 squaro foot of floor space and finally thero will bo a memorial for tho American and British officers and sailors burlod on tho Island. Another current topic, that has fo cused popular attention upon tho groat waterway on our northern bor der Is tho Improvements deslgnoil tn ",u,iU io capacity or tho locks nt Sault Sto. Mario. Tho govornmonr m St. Mary's river at tho Sault T?0 'fc1 V) Is popularly termed, Is to tho Groat t?? tho Panama canal will be to oceanl f'ro Whai tho Sault canal already onjoy ?J, d,iM?' ". imsslng more tonnagoydurlng "0 etymon muboii of navigation than tho famous qLf!, nf,d; "nMUy' much com""nt has been precipi tated by tho rumors In tho newspapers tha?h recent activity of tho United sSs govorlcn against certain trusts and partlcularuS trust served to nip in tho bud a vory ambltlmw tlcTllvr" lBTntinB Undcr ono ownersfip S tlcally all or tho groat modern frolght-carrvlnK vessels on tho Groat Lakes. Even as it H ?Z contrnnT rB f,th. ,,,,nnd BC8 ft "ed OP com,,ar,? 'J,ro,"tl,vo,y 8m Broup of tntoreats 37 to tho d,vorso Jntrcsts that havo a l. S tnll! C(lnnlC comraorco- "ut perhaps that n( 0,drcr'tlinc that tho commorc9 of . m. atCB, ,B B0 Iargoly wstrletod to such eommodlttos as Iron oro, coal, grain and lumber nd 1 tho men who mako uso of tho raw material produced in tho lako district find tt profitable to own ships to an extent not paralleled In any other tlold of wator-borno commorco. Tho commercial interest of tho Groat Lakes Mvo for yoars enjoyed on0 point of superiority ovor all tho other burden-boarors on tho globa. Freight Is carrlod moro cheaply on tho Groat Tokos than anywhoro else in tho wprld. It 1b on sy fair to oxplaln at tho outset, howovor, that this ?s duo not solely to tho monster ships employed tho lorgost over floated on fresh water, and to tho economical inannor In which theso craft aro operated. A secondary factor of great importance Is found in tho marvelous dock machinery and equipment which has been perfected In tho lako region for mochanlcally loading and unloading cargo, transferring tho coal or oro from railroad &4JZ vyTifyojge Z?2&&' JTZP&iSi? &rs&pj'& Sic&?i5CCiv& 4&r- mvzcsa&jzY&r .5Gav sae- cars to tho hold df a Bhlp or vlco versa. To such longths has this been carried that In tho caBo of some commodities tho transfer of cargo Is wholly automatic and It Is claimed that tho Iron oro Is not touched by human hands from tho time It Is mined In Wisconsin or Minnesota until it is fod to tho blast furnaces at Pittsburg or South Chicago, or Gary, Ind., or aomo other centor of tho stool manufacturing Industry. Tho ships or tho Great Lakes, nllko to their courterparts on salt wntor, havo been gradually growing In slzo as yoars havo gono by. Howovor tho depth of cortaln channels connocting tho lakes and other considerations will precludo tho possi bility of tho lengthening process going on indefi nitely as it appoars likely to do In tho caso of ocean-going craft. Tho 1,000-foot stoamor which Is already "in Bight" In tho evolution of trans-Atlantic navigation will probably novor havo a par allel on fresh water and, lndoed, It Is more than likely that present-day lako cargo ships como protty near representing maximum, although thoro is no doubt thnt our Great Lako passenger ships will go on Increasing in sizo and luxury as moro and more pooplo como to roallzo thnt a trip "up tho lakos" or "down tho lakes" haB a variety and fascination not equalled by a voyago across tho Atlantic Tho frolghtors of tho Great Lakes aro without a counterpart on tho other waters of tho globo and they nro a eourco of continual wondermont to foreigners travollng In this country, and, In dodo, to most of our own citizens who resldo in soctlonB of tho country away from tho Inland seas. Tho most common typo of lake carrier tho approved pattern for tho oro and coal trado which is thp mainstay of lako commorco, Is a long vessel with roundod ends, No dock 1b laid on tho main-dock beams in tho cargo-holds and tho bridgo, mast and dock-houses aro bunchod at tho oxtromo forward end of tho vessel whoreas tho engines and propelling machinery aro at tho extremo oppostto end, leaving practically tho on tiro length of tho hold froa for cargo Btorago. Z3?2P J5G&A'a&i Z&4G&LCZ&Q This odd arrangement conduces to tho carrying of the greatest posslblo amount of freight and, more Impor tant yot, it renders posslblo the em ployment of the marvelously economi cal loading and unloading machinery, "car dumpers" which dump coal into tho hold at tho rato of a car a minute and "automatic unloaders" which low er "clam shell" grab bucketB Into a hold, Bcoop up ten tons of Iron ore at a blto, lift It aloft, carry It to tho dock and deposit It cither on stock piles or in waiting railroad cars. To facilitate tho operation of theso gi gantic inanimate dock laborers It is nocessary of course to havo numerous openings In the deck of tho Bhlp. As a matter of fact tho latest approved pattern of lnke freighter presents a long lino of hatches Bet as close to each other as posslblo, and each hatch extending almost the full width of tho ship. This renders It easy lor the mochanlcal unloaders to roach, with their steel fingers, to every nook and corner of tho cargo space and all that is necessary to complete the Job of unloading, aft er tho automatic unloaders have concluded oper ations, is to turn looso a small squad of men with Bhovels who will clean up the scant amount of oro or coal missed by tho automatics. Ico limits tho season of navigation on tho lakes to eight or nlno months and thlB makes lively work necessary when thero is much freight to bo moved back and forth between Buffalo and Chi cago or Duluth, or between Intermediate ports. In an average season an averago cargo steamer will mako at least twenty round trips on tho ma rlno highway that encompasses nearly one-third of all tho fresh' wator on tho globo. Tho season's Journoylnga of tho ordinary freighter would in tho aggregate more than equal a voyago around tho world. Tho lako Bhlps aro Intensely modern In every respect. Thoy aro constructed entirely of steol; lighted by olectrlclty; steered and boated by steam; and have almoBt all the "fixings" to bo found on any of tho ocoanlc cargo ships In any quarter of the globo. The first lako cargo car riers had a capacity of only a few hundred tons, but so rapid was tho development of this class of shipping that within a score and a half of years tho pioneers or lako navigation who had continued in service woro rubbing thoir eyes to realize tho magnltudo or vessels around six hun dred reet in longth and with a carrying capacity of nlno thousand to ton thousand tons. And, most surprising or nil to many people, is tho circum stance that theso shlpB when fully loaded do not In most Instances draw more than eighteen to twenty feet or water. WHAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN. "Whero," asked tho female suffrage orntor, "would man bo today woro It not for woman?" Sho paused a moment and lookod round tho hall. "I repeat," she Bald, "whero would man bo today If not for woman?" "He'd be in tho Garden df Edon eating Btraw borrios," answored a voice1 from tho gallery.- Making a Home of Your Abode Order Is All Right, of Course, but Other Things 8hould Have First Consideration. Aro you a good homokcepor as well as a good housukocpor? If you think moro of kooplug your houso In apple plo order than of allowing the mem bers of your family to enjoy real homo comfort you are not. Your family can sccuro a house keeper at any time for a stipulated sum, but tho woman capablo of creat ing a "horaoy" atmosphero 1b price Icsa Order Is an oxcollc-t thing and no household should bo without It,' but tho woman who makes a fetish of tt drives happiness and comfort from the nrthi Ever witness tho sigh or reller w,lth which a hen-pocked family sees tho wlfo and mothor take a vacation? They're fond of her, or course, but thoro Isn't any doubt about a cortaln sense of freedom and relief which her nbsenco affords. When John puts her on tho train ho doosn't return homo to mourn and plno for her return; In stead, ho tttrteh an nlmost fiendish de light In smoking In every room In tho Iioubo without tho fear of bolng or dered to tho porch or tho room allot ted him for tho purpose. Tommy ex ultantly punches hor ornamental pil lows to a comfortnblo nnglo for his head. Nelllo Isn't obliged to enduro tho mortification or Informing hor now beau that mother Insists upon the young men going homo nt an unrea sonable hour. Evon tho younger children break loose and havo a candy pull in tho Immaculate kitchen, whllo evoryono dollghts In moving tho stately row or porch chairs to a look or disorderly comrort. In fact, they all unconsciously do their best to crc ato tho longed-for "homoy" atmos phero, with a secret dread that the wlfo and mother will return all too soon. Do not mako tho mistake of sacrific ing the hnpplneRB and comfort of your family to your lnsano worship or or der. Tho members or your family do not appreciate it. Thoy'd a great deal rathor you wero n llttlo careless and Ices exacting. Besides, you would then havo tlmo to got hotter acquaint ed with thorn and their Individual In torcsts, and to keep In touch with cur rent events Instead of being a back number. Exchange. "Comparisons Are Odious." When llttlo Amy was three. years old sho was takon to visit hor maternal grandmother. During hor stay the on tiro household mado much of her, and on her departure sho was bugged and klssod nnd wept over by each member or tho affectionate family In turn. Tho scone mndo n deep Impression on her young mind. A visit to her father's homo follow ed. At tho conclusion of It her pa ternal grnndmothor nnd her Aunt Ma bel stood smilingly waving their adieus to tho llttlo ono until tho carrlago waa out of lght Amy's mothor was beginning to won dor what mado hor so nusually quiet, whon n solemn llttlo volco rang out from her corner of tho carrlago: "Not a tear sued!" Youth's Companion. Ingenious Manner of Settling Disputes Among Boys as to the Magnifying Power. At this tlmo of year, whon people go to tho theater a good deal, boys often hnvo disputes as to the magni fying power of tho grownups' opora glassea. Hero Ib tho way thoy aro tostod. Pick out some object with a number of equally distant lines on it, llko a brick wall, tho slats on a blind, tho rungB of a ladder or tho clapboards S?1 tS Testing Opera Glasses. on a frame houso. Hold tho glasB bo that you look through only one-half or tho glass, as shown In tho Illustration. Now closo tho left eyo and get tho opora glass focussod on your lines. Holding your gazo steadily on theso lines open your left eyo and move tho glass until you boo tho same lines with both eyes at once. "With a little practlco you will get thqm to over lap as if you wore not looking through tho glass at all. Count how many spaces you seo with your left eye in tho single space that you see with tho oyo that looks The Eye and GlasB. through the glass and that will bo tho magnifying power. In the Illustration it is four times. Tolescopes can bo tested in tho same way, if hold very steady. READ HUCK FINN UNDER BED Alabama Man Relates Difficulties He Underwent to Absorb Mark Twain's Well Known Book. Crawford T. RulX of this city had an experienco while reading Tlark Twain's famous "Huckleberry Finn" which probably was nover duplicated by another admirer of Clements. "It must have boon moro than thirty years ago," Bald Mr. Ruff, in relating tho story to a party of friends, accord ing to tho Montgomery Advertlsor, "when I was a small shaver. Only a limited number of copies of tho book appeared with the first edition. Only ono book camo to tho llttlo town whero I lived, but It sufficed for tho entire populace. Tho book went tho rounds, from neighbor to neighbor, and finally landed In our home. I was so absorbod In tho first chapter that I wanted to finish It all beforo any one else In tho ramlly started on It, "Thero was an old tlmo bedstead In our homo. Tho headboard was two or threo feet from tho window. The cov ering dropped to tho floor on either aide, so as to conceal mo rrom view, oxcopt from tho roar. I would crawl under tho bed with Huck Finn, faco downward, and with my head near tho end 6f tho bed so the light from tho window enabled mo to rend. In this way l finished tho book before any body else In the house got it," Count In Their Sleep. Wo are ho nccustomed to doing cer tain things by rorco or habit that we hardly ever stop to consider what a part it plays in our nffairs. For in stance In tho larger cities profes sional flro fighters sleep In tho build IngB whero their flro engines and oth er appliances aro kept. All night long tho flro gong may be ringing, denot ing that blazes havo sprung up In other parts of tho town, but only ono sort or ring wnrna tho firemen that it is their tlmo to be up and doing. Through nil tho other clangtngs or tho boll they sleop comfortably; yet as soon ns tho number or rings strike that denotes that n flro is raging In their district tho firemen Instantly arouso by forco of habit Whllo half nsleep they almost leap Into their clothea and finally they rush to their regular places on tho onglno, tho hoso cart or tho hookand-ladder truck. Often thoy do not got thor oughly awako till thoy aro In tho street nnd racing toward tho fire, but thoy have done right by forco of habit. One Kind of Garters, Ono day last summer little Dottlo was watching her mother canning fruit. After tho rubbor rings had been put on several cans Dottlo exclaimed: "Oh, mamma, let mo put tho garters on tho rest or them!" , Little Pussy Plumpkln, Sitting In the sun; Llttlo Pussy IMumpkln's Too tired to frisk and run. Pussy's find her dinner An AWFUL lot for her! And so she sits a-sunnlng Don't you hear her gently purr? BUTTERFLY IS TRANSPARENT) Prof. Beebe Describes Insect Through Whoso Outstretched Wings Ob jects Are Clearly Seen. In "Our Search ror a Wilderness," William Beebe or tho New York Zoo logical park, describes his first sight of tho transparent butterfly Hoetera plora or British Guiana, an Insect through whoso out-stretched wlnga any substanco on which It rests can be clearly soen. "As wo crossed a Bwlrllng creek on the trunk or a mighty Tallen tree, something fluttered ahead," ho writes. "Wo could not see what it was. Closer wo came, and still tho object re mained Indistinct; we seemed to see a butterfly, and yet that appeared im possible. At last wo marked it down on a fern frond, and crept up until our eyes were within two feet of it. Noth ing was visible but tho gracerul lace work or the frond, until a slanting beam or sunlight struck It, nnd thore, closo beforo us, was a butterfly that spread fully three Inches, but was wholly transparent, save for throe tiny spotB of azure near tho margin of each hind wing. "As wo looked, It drifted to n double-h'eaded flower of scarlet, and when It alighted, tho scarlet or the flower and the green of the leaf wero as distinct as If seen through thin mica, and the faint gray haze of the Insect's wlngB was marked only by the Indistinct venation." AMUSING FOUR-HANDED GAME Can Be Played With Partners or All Can Play Alone Board Contains 100 Squares. i To mako posslblo a four-handed game of checkers, two playing part ners, or all playing their own game,' Four-Handed Checkerboard. the board shown in tho illustration has been constructed In Franco. Tho gamo is played with either 20, 36, 56 or 80 men, and the squares aro In four different colors which dlvldo tho board diagonally into four tri angles. It is well to note that the ordinary French checkerboard con tains ono hundred squares Instead of tho 64 of tho American board. YOUNG BEAVER'S DAY'S WORK Industrious Llttlo Animal In Regent's Park Gardens, London, Fells Tree Two Feet Thick. A young beaver In Regent's Park Gardens, London, was onco placed at work upon a tree twelve feet long and two feet six inches thick, Just as the town clock sounded tho hour of noon. Tho beaver began by barking tho treo a foot above tho ground. That dono he attacked tho wood. Ho worked hard, alternating his labor with dips In his bathing pond. He bathed and labored alternatoly until four o'clock In tho arternoon, when ho ato his Buppor or bread and carrots and paddled about In his pond until 5:30 o'clock. Ton minutes later, when only ono inch or tho tree's dlnmeter remained Intact, he bore upon his work nnd the treo fell. Before It fell tho beaver ran as men run whon they havo flrcd a blast. Then as tho treo lay on the ground, ho portioned It out mentally, and again began to gnaw. He worked at Intervals all night, cut tho log Into threo parts, rolled two of tho portions Into tho water and ro served tho other third for his permn nent sholtcr. How She Caught It. A llttlo rour-year-old wont to Sunday school for tho first time and heard tho children singing: "Onco I was blind but now I can see." That after noon hor sister heard hor sing: "One sldo was blind, but now It can seo." Patient Fishermen. "What, giving up already, my boy?" said n gentleman to a youthful angler, "You must bring n llttlo moro patience with you another time." "I brought enough patience with me, mister, but I didn't bring enough worms." 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