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The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, March 15, 1912, Image 8

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NEWS forth
of the. Great Lake
I - I I ' ' !
9"tfe. EVERAL recent or I $" lifinib II &. H-""' u - -ULWfl
-JJ prospective events I 1 fPHHPPfCS WlW K2Pf TV&r ?T
xtrXtEmSTinlsY 1 II SfllgHt. .ajyyc ?&zircsjyrzz3e&
V m, yv I I'0" Juit now to our jl JIsJBkKSBv iIlPL II" 1 ' t"JRs&w
JCV great unsalted seas U lmmmrriSBsnffiifflfv II affW--W 'oviSx
j3hi nnd t0 tno roranrk KgMBBiiBKBKlfffifli fcss HZwi&L MSfe. tf
"afft&y"fia nb,o commorco of If HflBflEK l$p fff: IllftL TrJ'Li- i
tfSgfc this thousand-mllo 11 JKSSIKKmSSSiBM fHyL7 I
HPP' 1 n 1 n n d waterway. II .H9H9KfflPRlK!7f Hl'fKS. TtSk JjMKra
"fMfflBSWraM 1?' vf lPf a I JrS- ltM ? TW. IdflMk
jTSst among theso stlmu- II HSHHPf vOsSfl jitrNL. 'BH II t&Wn Ph? f Ftmtgt-tmUKm-t
. iis. : avirong -;!, jmmRBhmi)usS9Rkj&hIHI
w. k BMkii .MKwjK9.'.2v.waMUMOHHVvWSKraMflK!iMiH i
ifSi.vii srlifPif?lfSiy-HkV2'
fcjafcfc:il'.v;'fHi:,s- :!-M;C5i(MU ,--3aill'B
EVERAL recont or
prospective events
are combining to di
rect especial atton
tlon Just now to our
great unsalted seas
and to tho remark
nblo commorco of
this thousand-mllo
Inland waterway.
ForomoHt, perhaps,
among theso stimu
lants of popular Inter
est are tho prepara
tions being mado to honor Commo
dore Porry, tho hero of that most slg
nlflcant historical ovent, tho Battle
of Lake Erie. It was Porry, more
than any other ono man, who has giv
en tho Great Lakos n placo In tho his
torical annals of tho republic fully
In keeping with tho prcstlgo those In
land seas enjoy in tho commercial
chronlclo of tho nation.
Tho ono hundredth anniversary of
Perry's victory is approaching and
preparations aro undor way for tho
erection of a magnificent Porry mo
mortal, overlooking Put-ln-Hay, whore
Perry's ships were harbored beforo
and aftor tho victory ovor tho llrltlsh
on Lako Erlo. Tho memorial which
will take tho form of a towering shaft
and a museum building will stand on
tho small isthmus connecting tho two
soctlonB of ono of tho principal Isl
ands at Put-in-Day. This chosen sito
is of additional interest from tho fnct
that It was hero, aftor tho naval vie
tory, that American troops undor Gen
eral William Honry Hnrrison wero or
ganized and drilled preparatory to tho
battle of tho Thames and tho capture
of Detroit. Furthermore tho memorial
will bo unlquo In that tho toworing
shaft will bo mado to servo as a light
houso of tho first ordor. Tho Musoum
of Historic Relics will bo a hall of line
proportions, with upward of G.000
squaro foot of floor space and finally
thero will bo a memorial for tho
American and British officers and
sailors burlod on tho Island.
Another current topic, that has fo
cused popular attention upon tho
groat waterway on our northern bor
der Is tho Improvements deslgnoil tn
",u,iU io capacity or tho locks nt
Sault Sto. Mario. Tho govornmonr m
St. Mary's river at tho Sault T?0 'fc1 V)
Is popularly termed, Is to tho Groat t??
tho Panama canal will be to oceanl f'ro Whai
tho Sault canal already onjoy ?J, d,iM?' ".
imsslng more tonnagoydurlng "0 etymon
muboii of navigation than tho famous qLf!,
nf,d; "nMUy' much com""nt has been precipi
tated by tho rumors In tho newspapers tha?h
recent activity of tho United sSs govorlcn
against certain trusts and partlcularuS
trust served to nip in tho bud a vory ambltlmw
tlcTllvr" lBTntinB Undcr ono ownersfip S
tlcally all or tho groat modern frolght-carrvlnK
vessels on tho Groat Lakes. Even as it H ?Z
contrnnT rB f,th. ,,,,nnd BC8 ft "ed OP
com,,ar,? 'J,ro,"tl,vo,y 8m Broup of tntoreats
37 to tho d,vorso Jntrcsts that havo a
l. S tnll! C(lnnlC comraorco- "ut perhaps that
n( 0,drcr'tlinc that tho commorc9 of
. m. atCB, ,B B0 Iargoly wstrletod to such
eommodlttos as Iron oro, coal, grain and lumber
nd 1 tho men who mako uso of tho raw material
produced in tho lako district find tt profitable to
own ships to an extent not paralleled In any other
tlold of wator-borno commorco.
Tho commercial interest of tho Groat Lakes
Mvo for yoars enjoyed on0 point of superiority
ovor all tho other burden-boarors on tho globa.
Freight Is carrlod moro cheaply on tho Groat
Tokos than anywhoro else in tho wprld. It 1b on
sy fair to oxplaln at tho outset, howovor, that this
?s duo not solely to tho monster ships employed
tho lorgost over floated on fresh water, and to
tho economical inannor In which theso craft aro
operated. A secondary factor of great importance
Is found in tho marvelous dock machinery and
equipment which has been perfected In tho lako
region for mochanlcally loading and unloading
cargo, transferring tho coal or oro from railroad
Z?2&&' JTZP&iSi?
&rs&pj'& Sic&?i5CCiv& 4&r- mvzcsa&jzY&r .5Gav sae-
cars to tho hold df a Bhlp or vlco versa. To such
longths has this been carried that In tho caBo of
some commodities tho transfer of cargo Is wholly
automatic and It Is claimed that tho Iron oro Is
not touched by human hands from tho time It Is
mined In Wisconsin or Minnesota until it is fod to
tho blast furnaces at Pittsburg or South Chicago,
or Gary, Ind., or aomo other centor of tho stool
manufacturing Industry.
Tho ships or tho Great Lakes, nllko to their
courterparts on salt wntor, havo been gradually
growing In slzo as yoars havo gono by. Howovor
tho depth of cortaln channels connocting tho lakes
and other considerations will precludo tho possi
bility of tho lengthening process going on indefi
nitely as it appoars likely to do In tho caso of
ocean-going craft. Tho 1,000-foot stoamor which
Is already "in Bight" In tho evolution of trans-Atlantic
navigation will probably novor havo a par
allel on fresh water and, lndoed, It Is more than
likely that present-day lako cargo ships como
protty near representing maximum, although
thoro is no doubt thnt our Great Lako passenger
ships will go on Increasing in sizo and luxury as
moro and more pooplo como to roallzo thnt a trip
"up tho lakos" or "down tho lakes" haB a variety
and fascination not equalled by a voyago across
tho Atlantic
Tho frolghtors of tho Great Lakes aro without
a counterpart on tho other waters of tho globo
and they nro a eourco of continual wondermont
to foreigners travollng In this country, and, In
dodo, to most of our own citizens who resldo in
soctlonB of tho country away from tho Inland
seas. Tho most common typo of lake carrier
tho approved pattern for tho oro and coal trado
which is thp mainstay of lako commorco, Is a
long vessel with roundod ends, No dock 1b laid
on tho main-dock beams in tho cargo-holds and
tho bridgo, mast and dock-houses aro bunchod at
tho oxtromo forward end of tho vessel whoreas
tho engines and propelling machinery aro at tho
extremo oppostto end, leaving practically tho on
tiro length of tho hold froa for cargo Btorago.
Z3?2P J5G&A'a&i Z&4G&LCZ&Q
This odd arrangement conduces to
tho carrying of the greatest posslblo
amount of freight and, more Impor
tant yot, it renders posslblo the em
ployment of the marvelously economi
cal loading and unloading machinery,
"car dumpers" which dump coal into
tho hold at tho rato of a car a minute
and "automatic unloaders" which low
er "clam shell" grab bucketB Into a
hold, Bcoop up ten tons of Iron ore at
a blto, lift It aloft, carry It to tho
dock and deposit It cither on stock
piles or in waiting railroad cars. To
facilitate tho operation of theso gi
gantic inanimate dock laborers It is
nocessary of course to havo numerous
openings In the deck of tho Bhlp. As
a matter of fact tho latest approved
pattern of lnke freighter presents a
long lino of hatches Bet as close to
each other as posslblo, and each hatch
extending almost the full width of
tho ship. This renders It easy lor the
mochanlcal unloaders to roach, with
their steel fingers, to every nook and
corner of tho cargo space and all that
is necessary to complete the Job of unloading, aft
er tho automatic unloaders have concluded oper
ations, is to turn looso a small squad of men with
Bhovels who will clean up the scant amount of
oro or coal missed by tho automatics.
Ico limits tho season of navigation on tho lakes
to eight or nlno months and thlB makes lively
work necessary when thero is much freight to bo
moved back and forth between Buffalo and Chi
cago or Duluth, or between Intermediate ports.
In an average season an averago cargo steamer
will mako at least twenty round trips on tho ma
rlno highway that encompasses nearly one-third
of all tho fresh' wator on tho globo. Tho season's
Journoylnga of tho ordinary freighter would in
tho aggregate more than equal a voyago around
tho world. Tho lako Bhlps aro Intensely modern
In every respect. Thoy aro constructed entirely
of steol; lighted by olectrlclty; steered and boated
by steam; and have almoBt all the "fixings" to bo
found on any of tho ocoanlc cargo ships In any
quarter of the globo. The first lako cargo car
riers had a capacity of only a few hundred tons,
but so rapid was tho development of this class
of shipping that within a score and a half of
years tho pioneers or lako navigation who had
continued in service woro rubbing thoir eyes to
realize tho magnltudo or vessels around six hun
dred reet in longth and with a carrying capacity
of nlno thousand to ton thousand tons. And, most
surprising or nil to many people, is tho circum
stance that theso shlpB when fully loaded do not
In most Instances draw more than eighteen to
twenty feet or water.
"Whero," asked tho female suffrage orntor,
"would man bo today woro It not for woman?"
Sho paused a moment and lookod round tho
"I repeat," she Bald, "whero would man bo today
If not for woman?"
"He'd be in tho Garden df Edon eating Btraw
borrios," answored a voice1 from tho gallery.-
Making a Home of Your Abode
Order Is All Right, of Course, but
Other Things 8hould Have
First Consideration.
Aro you a good homokcepor as well
as a good housukocpor? If you think
moro of kooplug your houso In apple
plo order than of allowing the mem
bers of your family to enjoy real homo
comfort you are not.
Your family can sccuro a house
keeper at any time for a stipulated
sum, but tho woman capablo of creat
ing a "horaoy" atmosphero 1b price
Icsa Order Is an oxcollc-t thing and no
household should bo without It,' but
tho woman who makes a fetish of tt
drives happiness and comfort from
the nrthi
Ever witness tho sigh or reller w,lth
which a hen-pocked family sees tho
wlfo and mothor take a vacation?
They're fond of her, or course, but
thoro Isn't any doubt about a cortaln
sense of freedom and relief which her
nbsenco affords. When John puts her
on tho train ho doosn't return homo to
mourn and plno for her return; In
stead, ho tttrteh an nlmost fiendish de
light In smoking In every room In tho
Iioubo without tho fear of bolng or
dered to tho porch or tho room allot
ted him for tho purpose. Tommy ex
ultantly punches hor ornamental pil
lows to a comfortnblo nnglo for his
head. Nelllo Isn't obliged to enduro
tho mortification or Informing hor now
beau that mother Insists upon the
young men going homo nt an unrea
sonable hour. Evon tho younger
children break loose and havo a candy
pull in tho Immaculate kitchen, whllo
evoryono dollghts In moving tho
stately row or porch chairs to a look
or disorderly comrort. In fact, they
all unconsciously do their best to crc
ato tho longed-for "homoy" atmos
phero, with a secret dread that the
wlfo and mother will return all too
Do not mako tho mistake of sacrific
ing the hnpplneRB and comfort of your
family to your lnsano worship or or
der. Tho members or your family do
not appreciate it. Thoy'd a great deal
rathor you wero n llttlo careless and
Ices exacting. Besides, you would
then havo tlmo to got hotter acquaint
ed with thorn and their Individual In
torcsts, and to keep In touch with cur
rent events Instead of being a back
number. Exchange.
"Comparisons Are Odious."
When llttlo Amy was three. years old
sho was takon to visit hor maternal
grandmother. During hor stay the on
tiro household mado much of her, and
on her departure sho was bugged and
klssod nnd wept over by each member
or tho affectionate family In turn. Tho
scone mndo n deep Impression on her
young mind.
A visit to her father's homo follow
ed. At tho conclusion of It her pa
ternal grnndmothor nnd her Aunt Ma
bel stood smilingly waving their adieus
to tho llttlo ono until tho carrlago waa
out of lght
Amy's mothor was beginning to won
dor what mado hor so nusually quiet,
whon n solemn llttlo volco rang out
from her corner of tho carrlago:
"Not a tear sued!" Youth's Companion.
Ingenious Manner of Settling Disputes
Among Boys as to the
Magnifying Power.
At this tlmo of year, whon people
go to tho theater a good deal, boys
often hnvo disputes as to the magni
fying power of tho grownups' opora
glassea. Hero Ib tho way thoy aro
Pick out some object with a number
of equally distant lines on it, llko a
brick wall, tho slats on a blind, tho
rungB of a ladder or tho clapboards
S?1 tS
Testing Opera Glasses.
on a frame houso. Hold tho glasB bo
that you look through only one-half or
tho glass, as shown In tho Illustration.
Now closo tho left eyo and get tho
opora glass focussod on your lines.
Holding your gazo steadily on theso
lines open your left eyo and move
tho glass until you boo tho same lines
with both eyes at once. "With a little
practlco you will get thqm to over
lap as if you wore not looking through
tho glass at all.
Count how many spaces you seo
with your left eye in tho single space
that you see with tho oyo that looks
The Eye and GlasB.
through the glass and that will bo tho
magnifying power. In the Illustration
it is four times. Tolescopes can bo
tested in tho same way, if hold very
Alabama Man Relates Difficulties He
Underwent to Absorb Mark
Twain's Well Known Book.
Crawford T. RulX of this city had an
experienco while reading Tlark
Twain's famous "Huckleberry Finn"
which probably was nover duplicated
by another admirer of Clements.
"It must have boon moro than thirty
years ago," Bald Mr. Ruff, in relating
tho story to a party of friends, accord
ing to tho Montgomery Advertlsor,
"when I was a small shaver. Only a
limited number of copies of tho book
appeared with the first edition. Only
ono book camo to tho llttlo town
whero I lived, but It sufficed for tho
entire populace. Tho book went tho
rounds, from neighbor to neighbor, and
finally landed In our home. I was so
absorbod In tho first chapter that I
wanted to finish It all beforo any one
else In tho ramlly started on It,
"Thero was an old tlmo bedstead In
our homo. Tho headboard was two or
threo feet from tho window. The cov
ering dropped to tho floor on either
aide, so as to conceal mo rrom view,
oxcopt from tho roar. I would crawl
under tho bed with Huck Finn, faco
downward, and with my head near tho
end 6f tho bed so the light from tho
window enabled mo to rend. In this
way l finished tho book before any
body else In the house got it,"
Count In Their Sleep.
Wo are ho nccustomed to doing cer
tain things by rorco or habit that we
hardly ever stop to consider what a
part it plays in our nffairs. For in
stance In tho larger cities profes
sional flro fighters sleep In tho build
IngB whero their flro engines and oth
er appliances aro kept. All night long
tho flro gong may be ringing, denot
ing that blazes havo sprung up In
other parts of tho town, but only ono
sort or ring wnrna tho firemen that
it is their tlmo to be up and doing.
Through nil tho other clangtngs or tho
boll they sleop comfortably; yet as
soon ns tho number or rings strike
that denotes that n flro is raging In
their district tho firemen Instantly
arouso by forco of habit Whllo half
nsleep they almost leap Into their
clothea and finally they rush to their
regular places on tho onglno, tho
hoso cart or tho hookand-ladder
truck. Often thoy do not got thor
oughly awako till thoy aro In tho
street nnd racing toward tho fire, but
thoy have done right by forco of
One Kind of Garters,
Ono day last summer little Dottlo
was watching her mother canning
fruit. After tho rubbor rings had been
put on several cans Dottlo exclaimed:
"Oh, mamma, let mo put tho garters
on tho rest or them!" ,
Little Pussy Plumpkln,
Sitting In the sun;
Llttlo Pussy IMumpkln's
Too tired to frisk and run.
Pussy's find her dinner
An AWFUL lot for her!
And so she sits a-sunnlng
Don't you hear her gently purr?
Prof. Beebe Describes Insect Through
Whoso Outstretched Wings Ob
jects Are Clearly Seen.
In "Our Search ror a Wilderness,"
William Beebe or tho New York Zoo
logical park, describes his first sight
of tho transparent butterfly Hoetera
plora or British Guiana, an Insect
through whoso out-stretched wlnga
any substanco on which It rests can
be clearly soen.
"As wo crossed a Bwlrllng creek on
the trunk or a mighty Tallen tree,
something fluttered ahead," ho writes.
"Wo could not see what it was. Closer
wo came, and still tho object re
mained Indistinct; we seemed to see
a butterfly, and yet that appeared im
possible. At last wo marked it down
on a fern frond, and crept up until our
eyes were within two feet of it. Noth
ing was visible but tho gracerul lace
work or the frond, until a slanting
beam or sunlight struck It, nnd thore,
closo beforo us, was a butterfly that
spread fully three Inches, but was
wholly transparent, save for throe
tiny spotB of azure near tho margin
of each hind wing.
"As wo looked, It drifted to n
double-h'eaded flower of scarlet, and
when It alighted, tho scarlet or the
flower and the green of the leaf wero
as distinct as If seen through thin
mica, and the faint gray haze of the
Insect's wlngB was marked only by
the Indistinct venation."
Can Be Played With Partners or All
Can Play Alone Board Contains
100 Squares.
To mako posslblo a four-handed
game of checkers, two playing part
ners, or all playing their own game,'
Four-Handed Checkerboard.
the board shown in tho illustration
has been constructed In Franco. Tho
gamo is played with either 20, 36, 56
or 80 men, and the squares aro In
four different colors which dlvldo
tho board diagonally into four tri
angles. It is well to note that the
ordinary French checkerboard con
tains ono hundred squares Instead of
tho 64 of tho American board.
Industrious Llttlo Animal In Regent's
Park Gardens, London, Fells
Tree Two Feet Thick.
A young beaver In Regent's Park
Gardens, London, was onco placed at
work upon a tree twelve feet long and
two feet six inches thick, Just as the
town clock sounded tho hour of noon.
Tho beaver began by barking tho treo
a foot above tho ground.
That dono he attacked tho wood.
Ho worked hard, alternating his labor
with dips In his bathing pond. He
bathed and labored alternatoly until
four o'clock In tho arternoon, when ho
ato his Buppor or bread and carrots
and paddled about In his pond until
5:30 o'clock.
Ton minutes later, when only ono
inch or tho tree's dlnmeter remained
Intact, he bore upon his work nnd the
treo fell. Before It fell tho beaver
ran as men run whon they havo flrcd
a blast. Then as tho treo lay on the
ground, ho portioned It out mentally,
and again began to gnaw.
He worked at Intervals all night,
cut tho log Into threo parts, rolled two
of tho portions Into tho water and ro
served tho other third for his permn
nent sholtcr.
How She Caught It.
A llttlo rour-year-old wont to Sunday
school for tho first time and heard
tho children singing: "Onco I was
blind but now I can see." That after
noon hor sister heard hor sing: "One
sldo was blind, but now It can seo."
Patient Fishermen.
"What, giving up already, my boy?"
said n gentleman to a youthful angler,
"You must bring n llttlo moro patience
with you another time." "I brought
enough patience with me, mister, but
I didn't bring enough worms."
"T-S -":55ri!!!St. ,' r ". , ,,
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