Managers of Candidates of Both
Parties Engage in Bitter
HISTORY WILL BE REPEATED
After Conventions Are Over Men Who
Aro Now righting Each Other
Will Be Found Working for
By GEORGE CLINTON.
Washington. There Is strife In
Washington between tho forces at
tached to tho different headquarters
of the vnrlous candidates of both par
ties for tho presidency of tho United
States. Mr. Taft's managers on their
part and Mr. Roosevelt's managers on
their part aro sending letters back and
forth full of blttornoBS, innuondo and
other things which aro not at all nice
reading to those who think that tho
time Is como for peace on earth even
nmong politicians. Tho same thing Is
In evidence among tho Democratic
managers. It must bo said, however,
that until a few days ago tho Demo
cratic champions of the different party
candidates managed to keep tho
peace. Now, however, things have
changed and charges are going back
and forth, and tho Republican camp
and tho Democratic camp look very
Politicians of both partlos hero Bay
,that history will repeat Itself and
that after tho conventions are over the
men who aro calling ono another
names will be found shoulder to
shoulder working on behalf of tho
nominees no matter whom they may
be and will bo entirely forgetful of
everything that they said In tho days
preceding tho convention. What Is
tho history which has repeated Itself?
Virtually It 1b tho history of every
campaign, Democratic and Republican,
which has been put on tho pages of tho
country's record, although thero have
been admittedly one or two campaigns
In both parties In which bitterness
lasted after tho convention dayB.
Four years ago now tho Republican
party was split just as It Is today, only
the "sides" wero different. Men who
aro championing Mr. Taft's nomina
tion now were opposed to him when
he was a seeker for tho nomination
tho last time, and men who wore for
him then are now against him, al
though, of course, this is not to be ac
cepted as an absolutely comprehensive
' Are Now With Taft.
The champions of Mr. Cannon and
Ir. Falrbnnks and sorao others for
the nomination four years ago and
who did all that they could to secure
the nomination of the men to whom
their hearts were given aro now do
ing what they can to put Mr. Taft
Into office It was said four years ago
that these men would carry their ani
mosity Into the campaign In case Taft
were nominated, but tho prophecy
proved 111 founded. It was Theodore
E. Burton of Ohio who presented Mr.
Taft's name to tho convention of his
pajty. It was the beginning of the
day of harmony, and notice Mr. Bur
ton's honeyed words as nddressed to
tho friends of the other candidates In
the convention hall:
' "Wo welcome tho friendly rivalry of
candidates from other states from
tho great Emplro State, tho Keystone
state, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin,
forming with Ohio a broad expanse ex
tending In unbroken sweep from old
ocean to tho uppermost bounds of the
greatest of Inland seas. Each of these
present a leader among leadors whoso
achievements and renown are not con
fined to tho narrow limits of a Blngle
"Today with fervid earnestness we
wage a contest for the prize. Tomor
row united for tho fray nnd quicken
ed by a common fiery zeal, tho cham
pions of all tho candidates will go
forth with mounting enthusiasm to
vanquish the foe."
Before and After.
At tho last Democratic convention at
which a successful candldato for tho
presidency was named, the convention
of 1892, thero were New York Demo
crats In tho convention hall to rise
one after another through tho long
hours of ono day's session to declare
that If Grover Cleveland was tho can
d'date of the party ho could not and
ovtfyt not to bo elected. It was said
that tho division in the party was Biich
that if Mr. Clovoland wero again its
standard bearer that overwhelming
defeat would como from tho Repub--licans,
and thero were insinuations
even that the men who were protest
ing in tho convention hall would load
a bolt against his election.
What happened? Tho Now York
delegation which voiced Its antago
nism to Grover Cleveland and breath
ed out all kinds of dismal propheclos
of defeat In case ho wero nominated,
went back homo after the nomination
had been carried against their protest,
took off their coats and worked for
Grover Cleveland and later voted for
him at tho Novembor election. When
tho Republican nowspapers twitted
tho Now York Democrats with doing
what they said they would not do, the
retort was that things aro different
beforo nnd after conventions.
So it is that both Republicans and
Democrats In Washington today say
that no mntter how angry they may
seem to bo now nnd no matter what
they may say now in antagonism to
other candidates that after the Juno
days will como tho peaco of July and
tho following months, a peaco which
will continuo until tho snow storm of
votes begins on tho first Tuesday
after the first Monday in November.
Members of tho nrrangi'incntG
comtnltteo for tho annual conven
tion of tho Daughters of tho Amer
ican Revolution alroady aro In Wash
ington. Tho Daughters will gath
er in tholr beautiful colonial memorial
building beforo long to engage In their
nnnunl Btrugglo for tho election of
ofllcerB, and when that Is over to drop
animosities and to work for tho causoB
which brought tho organization Into
Ono needs neither proso nor poetic
license to speak of tho delegates to
thoso conventions as "fair daughters"
for surely they aro a body of comely
women, nnd tho shades of tho fore
fathers that aro'supposed to float about
tho capital city of the land that they
mado, need not fear that a flush will
Btoal Into their chocks or n frown fur
row their shadowy brows at tho sight
of degeneracy lu their descendant
When spring comes tho guides In
tho capltol whoso duty it la to pilot
visitors about earn their dally wage
with half tho usual effort becauso tho
guided ones In largo majority are tho
Daughters of tho Amorlcan Revolution.
Tho guides who aro obliged to talk
themselves tired explaining things to
tho ordinary tourist simply walk ahead
of tho daughters and point to pictures
or bust, and tho tongues of the daugh
ters do tho rest.
Show Their Birth.
Tho Daughters gather from all the
states In tho Union. It waB not hard
tho last tlmo they wero here to sepa
rate Into localities of birth and bring
ing up thoso who attended an nftor
noon service at St. John's Episcopal
church. It wa3 not a Bervlco for tho
daughters. It as just a plain everyday
evening prayer, and tho daughters had
dropped in to see tho historic build
ing from a pew view. Tho spirits ot
their ancestors still dwelt within
them. There wero thoso from Massa
chusetts with tho Ironsldo blood In
their veins, and thoso from Tennes
see and Kentucky who In tho person
tho old Covenantors Hvo again. Then
thore wero tho Virginians, tho Now
Yorkers and tho South Carolinians
daughters, so to speak, of tho old
brick sanctuary nt Jamestown, tower
ing Trinity and gray St. Michael's.
At evensong in St. John's tho daugh
tors of New England, Tennosseo and
Kentucky looked upon mnrblo altar,
cross nnd candle stick and apparently
felt stirring within them something ol
the sternness of tho spirit of their an
cestors who struck hard-fisted blows
at things savoring of prelacy. True to
family tradition and to tho division
lino of things spiritual, tho descend
ants of the Independent and Presby
terian sat bolt unrlght during the
chanting of tho creed. Their sisters
whose ancestors had stood for church
and king until they wero forced to cut
tho bond and to help kick tho king out
of tho partnership, mado all amends
for their companions' ritual and spir
itual shortcomings, and knelt and
stood, and ovon genuflected at times,
In a good old high, church way that
would have 'delighted Archbishop
Rocky Boy Now Is Happy.
Word came to the Indian bu
rcau tho other day that Chief Rocky
Boy and his Indians in tho far
J northwest wero satisfied with the
homo life, being contented and happy.
Chief Rocky Boy once was very much
in tho congressional limelight. For
years this Indian chief and his fol
lowing had been wandering about the
country, homeless, unable to hunt and
doing little else but beg for a live
lihood. Finally congress took action
and tho wandering mendicants were
given a placo to live. Former Sena
tor Boverldgo of Indlanu is given
credit for having done something for
Rocky Boy, whose picturesque and
somewhat suggestive name attracted
more attention than did tho supposed
starving condition of tho man who
'Mr. Beverldge who is now In pri
vate life, would have been given, If
Chief Rocky Boy had done his duty
and had had tho matorial to make
them, a beaded hunting shirt, mocca
slnB, leggings and eagle war bonnet
of chieftainship In recognition of serv
Rocky Boy and his warriors and
women and children had never been
ablo to get a home. They had been
wandering through Montana living
from hand to mouth and spurned alike
by reds and whites. Bill after bill
had been Introduced for their relief,
but no bill ever came within sight of
the passing stage.
Tho namo Rocky Boy finally struck
a newspaper man's fancy. Possibly
he had had tho feeling himself. In
an idle moment ho drew up a mock
measure and In It Senator Boverldgo
figured as Chief Rocky Boy, while a
dozen or so other senators figured un
der other names aa members of Rocky
Boy's band of wanderers. The names
fitted admirably or misfitted just as
admirably. Senator Allison, who in
no conceivable circumstances would
commit himself In words, was called
Chief Talks-Too-Much. Senator Aid
rich, for reasons which may bo ap
parent to people who know something
of him, appeared in tho relief measure
as Chief Smooth Medicine.
Joke Brought Results,
A copy of the skit fell under Sena
tor Bovcrldgo's eye. It amused him.
He hung It on tho wall of his room.
He showed It to people, and finally
ono day It occurred to him that Rocky
Boy and his band had dono him a
sorvlce, and ho resolved to look Into
Rocky Boy's case. He did look Into
It and found that tho chief and his
wandering 'Montana band wero wor
thy of consideration. The Indlann
senator mado their cause his own.
Objecting senators wero asked'to "be
good," and a bill "for tho rellof of
the wandering American-born Indians
of Rocky Boy's band" passed tho sen
ate of the United States.
Add futility to tho soil.
Cleat up tho poultry buildings.
Onions rcqulro a flno and firm seed
Tako good- caro of tho brood sows
from now on.
Mcst men have their favorlto va
rieties of stock.
The brood sows should havo some
roots, if possible
Iho boars should bo Isolated from
.the rest of the herd.
Chickens need decent housing,
proper feed, and somo care.
Tho feed for young guineas may bo
'tho same as for young turkeys.
Cold weather has prepared tho soil
ifor a bounteous crop next summer.
Oats without hulls is one of tho
most valuablo of all grains for poul
try. Kaffir meal is tho best grain to
offset tho laxatlvo effects of skim
milk. If a farmer desires to Improve his,
flock, lot him begin with puro bred
In feeding a milk cow a corn ra
tion reduce tho ration at first Indica
tion of fattening.
Standard utility fowls must be se
lected for the greatest egg production
and quick maturity.
Don't forgot that your cattle, hogs,
horses, and sheep all need salt; not
spasmodically but regularly.
No farmstead Is complete without
a generous Bpace devoted to a garden
for small fruits and vegetables.
During tho winter tho dairy farmer
has more tlmo to figure out his plans
for Improving his system of farming.
Tho breeding of high-class hackney
stallions to high-class trotting mares
has passed beyond tho experimental
You may ferfd all tho food your
hens can possibly use, but If you nro
short on grit the result will not bo
Tho Embdon, perhaps, makes a lit
tle better market bird than tho Tou
louse, but tho latter lays more eggs,
often forty In a season.
Don't burn up any kind of coarso
litter that accumulates around tho
feed yards, but save it to mulch dif
ferent plants In tho garden.
In shoeing, tho foot should only
havo so much hoof removed from it
at each shooing as Is necessary for
tho proper fitting of the shoo.
Turkeys moro than any other poul
try seem to rcqulro fresh air. They
will roost in trees during a snow
storm and not seem to mind it a bit.
A mixture of barley, cornmeal,
wheat bran and roots will put flesh
on horses fast. With this, of course,
a small quantity of hay should bo
One hears a great deal about tho
cost of feed this winter, but this cost
Is not so Important as Is tho size of
profits realized In feeding this high
No hranch of husbandry now pur
sued offers hotter opportunities for
profits for tho nmount of money in
vested and tho tlmo expended than
tho production of hog's.
Good oualltv wheat straw, which is
auwii iuuiu iiji uuaiji will utanu t
fair roughago for horses, and when
fed In moderate amounts should not
prove Injurious In any way.
Tho mon who suffer least during
the dry season aro tho dairy farmers.
They always havo an Income, for
thero is always somo crop that can
bo fed profitably to tho cows.
Tho sklmmllk cnlf becomes accus
tomed to eating grain nnd hay early
in life, consequently, when It Is wean
ed, tho change of feed Is not so no
ticeable as It Is with tho whole milk
calf, and it does not suffer a setback
at this timo.
When ordering harness for tho
Bprlng work havo the collars made to
order. Tako tho horses to the har
ness maker and get him to make col
lars that will fit. Thero 1b nothing
more annoying than soro shoulders In
tho midst of harvest.
Horses aro ovon grazers.
(Jlrcen corn makes excellent sllnge.
Young cnbb'ago plants need protec
tion. All puro-bred sires aro not possessed
of equal morlt.
Nothing looks nicer than a display
of nice, fresh eggs.
Constipation is tho causo of many
troubles with hogs.
Ashes and salt should bo given to
the hogs twlco n week.
CowpeaB nnd bnrlcy nro not com
mon crops to grow together.
Somo grains aro tho favorlto food of
chickens, whllo others aro not
Undesirable milk in many casos can
bo traced to unclean milk utensils.
Sheep should bo kept on tho aver
age farm to aid In keeping down weed
Proper feeding nnd cxerclso will
produco stylo nlong with tho colt'B
Work stock will requlro moro pro
tein than enn bo obtained from grain
Sweet potatoes fed to poultry aro
fattening, but give a yellow tlngo to
Tho importance of tho hay crop has
never como to bo fully appreciated In
Scientists say It takes at least four
pounds of feed to make ono pound of
gain In fowls.
Keeping a dairy on Hny farm should
mean that tho fertility of thnt farm la
Hay that ,1s free from weedB Is al
ways much moro valuablo than hay
that Is weedy.
Many breede'rs overlook tho Impor
tance of supplying variety In tho feed
for tho brood sow.
A good horse is a valuablo animal
and deserves nnd should havo tho best
of caro and good feed.
Young calves aro necessarily rath
er filthy iii their habits and novor do
well In damp, dirty pens.
Incubators and brooders may bo
used for hatching geeso, although not
much employed for that purpose.
Great core should bo taken In se
lecting laying hens, slnco they exert
so great an influenco on the progeny.
Onion seed should bo tested for
germination beforo being purchased
becauso it soon loses Its vitality with
A good way of sowing somo hardy
pasture grasses Is to scatter tho seed
on tho snow just beforo It molts in
The' buyer discounts a thin horso
moro than his condition deserves, and
just as often credits the fat horse
abovo his real deserts.
As a general thing It 'Is tho best
plan to feed hay nnd other roughago
that may stir up dust after the milk
is taken out of tho barn.
Cold milk never separates as com
pletely as warm milk. Thus it Is good
economy to havo tho separator bowl
warm beforo tho milk is put In.
Equal parts of wheat chaff and fine
cut clover hay, mixed with wheat
bran and wheat mlllfeed, may bo fed
to tho horses In placo of corn and hay.
Sudden changes In the food of
sheep should be avoided. Change
only one portion of tho ration at
onco nnd make that chango gradu
ally. It Is a mistaken idea to think that
you aro saving feed by cutting down,
tho cow's ration. Tho best wny is to
make her cat all that she can cat
Turnips may flavor tho eggs.
They aro not as palatable as mangels;
In fact, somo blrdn will not eat them
at all, but at tho same tlmo they havo
considered food value.
Just after meaning, tho calf should
not be fed moro than ten pounds of
milk per day, divided Into threo feed
logs; this should bo given at blood
tomperaturo, about 100 degrees.
Rock phosphate, murlato of potash,
nltrato of soda and other chemicals
may bo used successfully In tho grow
ing of lettuco under grass, but they
must bo employed with care and In
telligence. Seed corn that was saved last fall
should bo looked after now. It 1b
not too early to begin testing. Re
member, tho mnn who finds that ho
must buy corn and gets in his order
first gets tho choice purchase.
Wnsh tho hand separator thorough
ly. Tho separator that In not thor
oughly scalded after being washed will
soon give your dairy products a black
oyo by breeding nil kinds of harmful
germs which work rapidly in giving
taints and odors to tho cream and
DYNAMITE FOR FARM USE IS
GRADUALLY BECOMING GENERAL,
Greatest Saving Effect by Uso of Explosive Is In Time and
Iabor Tools mid Implements Needed Are of i
Simplest and Material Is Hurmlcss
If Handled With Great Care.
Placing Stick of Dynamite In Position.
It is not very long slnco tho uso or
dynamite for farming purposes has bo
como general. And Indeed It 1b a very
good help to tho farmer and colonist
who Is starting to get his land cleared
of nil tho stumps and stono boulders
In undertaking to clear n piece or
ground of treo stumps it Is obvious,
If tho land Is to bo speedily utilized,
that tho work must bo dono as quickly
and as economically as possible. It
will, for oxnmplo, tako two men with
a team of 'horses from a half to two
days to .romovo a slnglo treo Btump,
according to Its slzo nnd depth to
which It has grown. Even with ex
port workers this work Is laborious
and expensive, and In tho caso or a
forest-grown country, tho vory cheap
est land may become unpleasantly
coBtly. Tho greatest saving oircct by
dynnmito is In tlmo nnd labor. It Is n
saving so largo that tho cost of tho
raw material and tho simple imple
ments required bear hardly any pro
portion to tho cost of tho work by old
fashioned methods. As a matter of
fact, tho tools and implements need
ed aro tho simplest: n long auger, a
firing battery, starters, and a coll or
lino copper wire. Nothing moro, savo
tho dynamite itself, Is needed for tho
work. Yet thero is ono other thing
required, that Is caro. In handling
dynamlto with groat caro it is harm
loss, but ono miiBt nvold subjecting it
to shocks, and kept nt an oven tom
peraturo nnd nway from wetness, be
cause wot dynamlto is liable to lgnlto
In order to drain somo part of land
tho subsoil of which Is quite Impervi
ous and underlies low ground, tho
marshy surface can bo recovered by
ditching. In this proccc3 dynamlto is
of great uso and Its advnntago is
"obvlouB.) Tho ditches nnd drainB nro
excavated by exploding charges of
about one-half pound of 50 to (JO per
cont. quick acting dynamlto In holes
put down in a lino and spaced ap
proximately two feet npart. Only tho
middle charge in tho row 1b primed
nnd tho explosion of this chargo
causes tho entlro row to explode. In
this way a ditch throe foot deep and
flvo wldo and of any doslred length
can bo excavated Instantly without
Swamps nro drained, by drilling sov
oral holes in the deepest part and ex
ploding in tho bottom of these holes
from throe to fifteen pounds !10 per
cont. dynamlto. Properly dono, tho
swamps will novor form again.
In order to break the subsoil in or
chards, holes aro put down four or
five foot deep, midway between tho
When young trees nro planted tho
nolo is dug with a quarter pound or
one-half pound of dynamlto. This
loosens tho surrounding soil so that
NUTRITIVE VALUES IN FOOD
?rt mineral (natter.
A nutritive ratio Is tho ratio be
tween tho energy given off by tho
protein and tho energy given off by
tho enrbohydrntos. To Hnd this nu
tritive ratio, tho carbohydrates plus
24 times tho fat Is divided by tho
protein. Thus, tho nutrltlvo ratio may
bo 1 to 4, meaning that something
contains four times nu much of tho
fat or heat and energy-forming ele
ments, ns It does protein or meat
forming elements. Thus it may bo
seen that chicken feeds differ In tho
amounts of tho different elements.
Taking corn for examplo, tho fat
forming elements nro nearly ten times
ns groat as tho nitrogenous or protein
elements. This gives tho nutritive
ratio of 1:9.0. With meat scraps, tho
(( X& !&?$ J
the treo roots grow doep Into the soil,
for moisture. In soma ground trees',
planted In blasted holos nro almost
twlco as largo when a year old as
thoso plantod in holes dug by hand.
Dynnmito Is also used on tho farm
to exenvato tronchos for tiling or for,
plpo lines, to dig collars and lounda-l
tlon tronchos to grndo nnd ditch
roads, to sink wolls, to clear Ice from
watering places for stock and to
broak Ice gorges In streams, to dig
holes for polea or for fence posts and
to split logs for fenco rails, cord wood
Market Requirements Stimulat
ing Development qf Growing
Industry Near City
Increasing demand for potatoes, in.
tho Chicago market Is stimulating
tho development of tho growing In-1
dustry in nearby Btntes. The demand
nil over tho country for tho tubor,
both for local and general domestic
uso and tho export trade, 1ms in
creased, nnd production 1b showing
The land In potatoes Increased from
2.G01.000 acres in 1889 to 2,939,000,
acres in 1899 and 3.CC9.000 ncroa ln
1909. Tho acrcago in 1909 was thus
about 41 per cent, greater than in
1899. Tho production of potatoes la
1879 was 1G9,459,000 bushels, as com
pared with 389,195,000 busholB lu
1909. Tho lncronso In tho thirty yearn
was thus nearly 130 per cont. Pop
ulation during tho same poriod In
creased nbout 80 per cent This is
tho only Important food crop which
has Increased faster than population.
Increases In acreage of potatooB arc
noted in nil tho geographic divisions.
The largest actual increases ' nro
found in tho two north central di
visions, tho eastern section showing
an lncrcnso of 148,839 acres, or 15.&
per cent, nnd tho western section aa
lncrcnso of 14G.G29 acres, or 23 per
cont. A largo increaso In acrcago la
to bo noted in Minnesota.
Tho avorago production per acre,
perhapB in part by reason of tem
porary weather conditions, Increased!
from 93 bushels to 10G.1 bushels.
Along with tho Increaso in acrcago
nnd production went nn ovon larger
rolativo increase In tho valuo of tho
potato crop, which increased from
$98,280,000 to $100,424,000, nn in
creaso of over $08,000,000, or 69.2
per cont. Tho nvorage valuo of po
tatoes per bushel thus increased from
30 cents to 43 conts, or about 19 per
material, Finished product egg.
section of leg.
nutrltlvo ratio Is the other way, thore
being twlco as much protein ns car-'
bohydratcs. Thus, in order to Bclon-t
tlilcally and properly mnko up a ra-s
tlon or mlxturo of feeds for hens, thel
number of pounds of protoln, car-!
bohydrates nnd fat must bo consid
ered as well as tho number or pounds)
Dr. W. P. Whooler of tho New Yorlc
experiment station nt Geneva, N. Y.
suys "that COO pounds Hvo weight ot!
hens in full laying, each hon weighing!
from threo to five pounds, would re
quire: Dry mattor 27.5 pounds; ashj
1.5 pounds; protein, 5.0 pounds; car-J
bohydratoB, 18.75 pounds; fat, 1.75t
pounds, This has a nutritive ratio of
f .. - "i.
X yY, marrow ir white-
'Ax vS- y
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