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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE
IRA L. BAUD, Fubllshor.
TERMS, 1.J!5 IN ADVANCE.
NORTH PLATTE, - NEBRASKA
THE CAT'S USEFUL WHISKERS.
Wo arc apt to think that tho cat's
ability to bco in tho dark is duo en
tirely to Its eyes, but compotont au
thority assures uo that tho fcllno'a
power In this respect Is duo almost as
"much to Us "whiskers." Theso dell
cato hairs that project from tho muz
xlo of tho cat family aro wonderful
mechanisms, says Harper's Weekly.
Each ouo grows from a folllclo or
gland, nerved to tho utmost sensibili
ty. Its slightest contact with any ob
ntaclo is Instnntly fblt by tho animal,
though tho hair Itself may bo tough
and insensible Tho exaggerated
whlskoro on tho muzzlo often project
to such a distance that from point to
point thoy lndlcato tho oxact width of
tho body of tho beast. Consldor tho
lion stealing through tho Junglo at
night In search of proy, when tho
least stir of a twig gives alarm. The
lion's whiskers lndlcato through tho
nicest nerves, any object that may bo
In his path. A touch stops him short
beforo pushing through somo close
thicket whoro tho rustling leaves and
boughs would betray his prcserrco.
Wherovor his head may bo thrust
without a warning from tho vlbrlssao
thero his body may pass noiselessly.
It is tho aid glvon him by his whiskers,
in conjunction with tho soft cushions
of his foot, that enables him to pro
ceed as silently as tho snake
Tho hour of dining has advanced
with tho conturics. Frolnsart men
tions waiting on tho duko of Lancaster
at flvo In tho aftornoon after ho had
supped and was about to go to bed,
and tho profaco of tho Heptamoron
shows that tho qucon of Navarro dlnod
at ten o'clock In tho morning. From
Iho Northumberland Household Book,
dated 1C12, wo loarn that tho ducat
family roso at six, breakfasted at sev
en, dined at ton, supped at four, and
rotlred for tho night at nlno, says tho
London Chronicle Louis XIV. did not
dlno till 12, while hlo contemporaries,
Cromwell and Charles II., took tho
meal at ono. In 1700 tho hour was ad'
vanccd to two; In 1751 wo find tho
duchoss of Romorsot dining at three,
and in 17G0 Cowpor speaks of four
o'clock as tho fashlonablo time. Attor
tho battlo of Waterloo tho dlnnor hour
was altorcd to six, from which tlrau
It has advanced by half-hour stages to
eight. So that In 400 years tho dlnnor
hour had gradually moved through at
least ten hours of tho day.
American habits nnd .customs, espe
cially American clothes, aro appar
ently becoming fashtonahlo among
Germany's young men. Young Ger
many no longer contents Itself with
tho sartorldl products of the Father
land, says tho London Answers. Tho
exaggerated university suits of Ameri
can cut and manufacture plcaso thorn
bettor, and most of thorn nro novcr
moro gonutnaly flattered than when
thoy aro mlstakon for "Amorlkanor."
Gorman clothiers havo, in conso
quonco, been obliged to lay In largo
stocks of American clothing to meet
tho growing domand.
England's now torpedo boat destroy
ers will bo glvon names from Shakos
'pcaro and Scott. So, In tho near fu
turo, wo may oxpoct to boo "Tho Mer
ry Wives of Windsor" engaging In
battlo, accompanied by "Tho Two Gen
tlemen of Verona," "Tho Lady of tho
Lako," and "Tho Antiquary." Tho
war correspondent of tho futuro prob
ably will ba chosen from among tho
Tho advlco to substitute beans for
moat will rccolvo a sotback through
tho explosion of somo boiling beans in
a Colorado town. Tho beans toro tho
stovo to pieces nnd throw tho ownor of
tho house out tho kitchen door. With
tho militant spirit abroad as it is, tho
adoption of beans ns tho principal ar
ticle of dlot had bost bo postponod.
A Chicago girl whllo playing tho
piano was struck by lightning, al
though not sorlously hurt nut
whether tho casualty a to bo vlowod
as accident or retribution is a ques
tion tho neighbors nro discussing
(hat is, of course, It tho girl was tho
nvorago porformcr and tho neighbors
A Texas girl announces, her will
jignoss to marry any man who will
conBont to havo tho ceromony per
formed In a cago of lions. And all wo
hayo to say 1b that tho man who
takeB tho offer will doserva anything
that happons to hi in during tho euro
mony and aftorward.
It Is now announced that a disgrun
tled employe destroyed Mona Lisa's
Inscrutable smiles with sulphuric acid.
Which sottles tho Inscrutability at tho
rmilo for nil time, ns tho pleasantry of
ao mystery can aurvlvo a sulphuric
The automobile, says a St. Paul
preacher, haa dono moro for sin than
any other ono thing. Lot us not ba
discouraged. Somebody 1b almost
luro to discover a method of keeping
tires from being punctured.
THIS is tho senatorial committee
From tuft to right, tho senators
KILL TEXAS PESTS
State Woks Years to Extermi
nate Prairie Dog.
Farmern Combining for General Fight
Against Grasshoppers, Cotton Boll
Weevil uid Other Enemies of
Cropav-Bounty foe Wolves.
Austin, Tyx. Texas' long fight to
got rid of tj.o grass and cron-oatlng
prairie dog Is nearlng a successful
llnlsh, accotrflng to Aschcr G. 8 moot.
For tho last cloven years poisoning
Bangs havo teen going to nnd fro over
tho prairies and farms of tho state,
Bcattorfhg fcpath dealing wheat and
corn on tho oioundB that mark tho en
trances to tho homoB of tho dogs.
Tho state government haB lent ma
terial aid U tho movoment and big
ranchmen hvo spent thousands of dol
lars to furttyr it. Tho antl-pralrlo-dog
law passed by tho stato leglslaturo In
1905 provldtd for tho extermination of
tho pests Ithln flvo years, but tho
magnltudo -it the task iuado strict
compliance Impossible, Mr. Smoot
says. lu f(,ct, that provision of tho
statutes which provided for civil suits
and JudgmoutB ngalnat any land owner
ierollct In Jlog killing at tho cxplra
tlon of flvo years has boon seldom In
vokod, so n,enoral has been tho ac
knowledgment of tho bIgneBS of tho
undertaking Mr. Smoot thinks that
tho forthcoming winter will mark tho
utter extermination of tho llttlo brown
burrower aid that next spring will seo
Texas freo of tho dogs for tho first
tlmo In her history.
Incidentally ho says that most of tho
dog killing outfit ownora aro prepar
ing to reorganize tholr forces and go
Into tho wolf-killing business after tho
coming wlntor's campaign. Tho wolf
Bcalp bounty bill, which provides a re
ward of ton dollars for ovory lobo wolf
scalp turned over to tho county au
thorities and half au much for every
coyoto scalp will becomo cffoctlvo No
vember 1 next, and Mr. Bmoot thinks
that It will havo tho effect of causing
a groat slaughter of wolvos, which
mako ranching business a hazardous
undertaking In tho wostern and south
western parts of tho stato.
Fqrtunes havo been madQ n tho dog
killing business In Texas during tho
last ten years, according to Mr. Smoot.
Tho Blaughtor of tho llttlo pests, who
peopled tho plains in millions, devel
oped Into n flno art early In tho war.
Bach boss killer has his own methods
of slaughter and workB along hla own
Somo of them mixed strychntno with'
dough. Others favored corn as the
bait. Somo employed tho carbon
tnothod, rolling chunks of burning car
bon down in tho holea to conaumo tho
oxygen brcnthod by Mr. Dog and tho
mombera of hla lnrgo family. Somo
used traps, some bulletB. A fow em
ployed a combination of all methods.
nut whatever tho methods, tho dog
killers work by contracts and main
tain tholr own Individual outfits. Tho
outfit conBlsts of a chuck wagon for
hauling tho bedding, cooking utensils,
grocorles, etc , another for hauling the
poison and suppllos aud utensils usod
in spreading tho stuff nnd n forca of
Having Huado !Uh contract to cloar a
etatod area ofttlmoa thousands of
acres of dogs, tho killer movoa in
with his putflt and boglna work, The
ground Is staked off for miles around
tho stationary chuck wagon, nnd to
each member of tho gang la allotted
a certain area on which to spread
polscnor distribute carbon to kill tho
dogs. This Is Ubually all tho ground
that can bo covored by ono man In a
On tho second dny a second round
In made and another dose of poison
distributed. A third doeo generally
gets overy dog that will eat poison
Thon tho outfit moves on to now ter
ritory. Sharpshooters aro loft behind to
shoot uuch stray dogs as havo escaped
tho poisoning gang. Theso usually
stay on tho ground for about threo
days. A week later a Becond hunt Is
hold on the carcass Btrown ground for
tin bonotlt of any survivors. Whop
PROBERS OF CAMPAIGN EXPENSES
that Is Investigating tho contributions
aro Oliver, Pomereno, Clapp (chairman)
this 1b nt au end both contractor and
land ownor generally agree that tho
doga havo been killed on that par
ticular territory. In somo instancea
outllta havo been kept at work for
moro than a year on single ranches.
Encouraged by tho outcome of tho
pralrlo dog war, Mr. Smoot says that
tho ranchmen and farmers aro combin
ing for a general light on crop and
grass pesta. Uesldoa tho wolf, which
ovory year kills thousands of young
calves, sheep and goats, tho Texas
land owners aro preparing to adopt
vlgoroua measuros for tho extermina
tion of tho graaahoppera, tho cotton
boll weevil and worm and tho cattle
screw fly. A fair Btart has already
been made in tho fight against tho
boll weevil and worm and tho grass
hopper. JILTED AT ALTAR, MAN FAINTS
Falls In Swoon as Prospective Father-
In-Law Whispers Fateful Words
Boston, Mobb. Arthur L. Bascomb,
tho electrical Inspector who fainted
when Informed that becauso of paren
tal objection his wedding with Miss
Ada L. Powers would not tako place,
had been making his homo with hor
parents for tho last six months.
Daacomb had made arrangomontB to
havo the wedding ceromony porformed
In a parlor of tho Coploy Square ho
tel, tho guesta woro preaent and tho
minister waa waiting.
" Bnscomb thought at first that his
brlde-to-bo was detained, but as tlmo
went on, ho bocamo norvoua.
Tho gue8ts were also exhibiting
aymptoma of uneasiness', when Wil
liam II. Powers, father of tho girl,
walked Into tho parlor, and, drawing
the young man nsldo, whispered Into
his oar, whereupon Bascomb fainted.
,Tho guests woro Informed that
Disputed Point Is Up to the Su
Dealers Chargo That Government
Chemists Are Acting Unfairly In
Condemning Their Product
Degrees of Decomposition.
Washington. Is a decomposed egg,
within tho meaning of tho pure food
and drugs act of 190C, tho same thing
aB "rotten eggs" under tho common
Upon tho early decUlon of that
quoBtlou by tho supremo court of tho
United States is satd to hang ono of
tho most far-reaching disputes in re-
Lgard to tho federal puro food law
slnco its onactmont.
Egg men aro attacking tho depart
ment of agrlculturo aa Booking to en
forco tho law, according to arbitrary
and unreasonable standards, whllo of
ficials of tho department aro dofondlng
their course as Involving tho most
valuable features of tho legislation
ngalnst Improper food.
Tho controversy aroso ovor the boIz-
uro In Jersey City, N. J., of 443 cans
of frozon ogg product packod In To
poka, Kan., by tho Soymour Packing
Company upon tho order of tho II J.
Keith company. Tho puro food law
provided thut an artlclo should bo
doomed adulterated when "decom
posed." In tho trial that followed tho gov
ernment called Dr Georgo W. Stiles,
Jr., and a number of othor govern
ment chemist, who testified that tho
correct method of telling whether an
ogg was decomposed was to count tho
bacteria In tho oggubstanco.
The Keith company contended con-
.gross had not deflnoil what It meant
by "decomposed," and bo tho courts,
aB tho supreme court did In fludlng a
moaning for "restraint of trado" in tho
Standard Oil caso, must go back to
tho common law far n definition
Under tho common law, It con
tluuod, a decomposed, occ was a rot
of funds for presidential campaigns.
there would bo no wedding, and left
tho hotol after bolng told that Mr.
Uascomb was but temporarily 111.
In tho room at tho tlmo wero tho
aunt of the brldo-to-bo, .tho girl's fath
er ond a mlnlBtor. From tho conver
sation It was learned that tho aunt
waa In favor of Daacomo as a bride
groom. Uascomb took out a marriage II
censo on May 18, giving his address
as 1285 Commonwealth avenuo, All
Bton, which Is that of Mr. Powors. Tho
marriago Intention stated that It was
his second marriago and that ho had
been divorced from hlB first wifo. Ha
gave his ago at thlrty-olght years.
SKELETON 5,912 YEARS OLD
Woman's Remains Found Near Cairo,
Egypt, Was Wrapped In
London. Tho mummy known aa
Ra-Nefer, which Is in tho museum of
tho Royal College of Surgeons, has
been described as tho oldest mummy
known. Tho date assigned to It by
Prof. Elliot Smith waa tho ago of
Senefru, tho beginning of Egypt's
Fourth Dynasty, about 3,700 years
Somo human romalns, however,
havo now been discovered at Sakkara,
about fifteen miles from Cairo, bo
longing to tho period of tho end of
tho second and tho beginning of tho
third dynasties, about 4.000 years
Among them Is tho skoleton of a
woman about thirty-flvo yeare of age,
which was found completely invested
in a largo series of bandages, and next
to tho body was a corroded woven
The corrosion, aaya Professor Smith,
waa presumptive evidence that somo
material, probably crudo natron, was
applied to tho surface of tho body,
with a view to Its preservation, and
ho has thus been nolo to trace to a
higher antiquity than had provlouBly
been done, tho uso of this method
for preserving tho body of tho dead.
ten egg, nndj so congress must have
meant to have legislated against rot
ton eggs or egga "unwholesomely do
composed." Tho egg company atacka tho govern
ment as acknowledging that every
thing in this world la moro or lose de
composed nnd that it had to adopt an
arbitrary standard of decomposition
In order to mako tho law enforciblo.
In so Interpreting, the aecretary of
agrlculturo. except for his "leniency."
would mako all foods, particularly
cheese, subject .to selzuro and destruc
tion under tho law, It Is claimed.
MOOSE STOPS PHONE SERVICE
Carries Away a 250-Foot Sample of
the Wlro on His Antlers State
Threatened With a Suit.
Dead River, Me. Decauso a charg
ing bull moose got away with about
250 feet of tho wire of a prlvato tole
phono line, completely shutting oft all
communication from West Cnrry
Pond Camps with tho outsldo world,
RufUB B. Taylor, ownor nnd manager
of tho catnps, threatens to sue the
stato ot Maine IIo declares that tho
moose aro owned and protected by tho
stato and that thero Is no reason why
the state should not bo responsible
for tholr damage to prlvato property.
Shortly after two guides had found
"troublo" on tho lino n giant bull
mooso with at least a hundrod foot
of tho missing wlro entangled about
his nntlors, was scon to cross a toto
road. Mooso aro protected by tho
Btato law until Octobor 15. J'
Robbed of His Whiskers.
Old Brldgo, N. J. Whon Benjamin
Tlco waa plodding along n lonely
stretch of road a band of men sud
denly Burrounded him nnd ordered
"HandS up!" Tlco did as ordered. Ho
begged them not to shoot nnd said ho
would turn ovor all ot his poBBpsBlons
"AU wo want to your whlahorc, feoi
omnly declared tho ringleader
Shears woro producod and tho deed
WATER NEEDED FOR ORCHARD
Moisture to Depth of Four Feet at
Least Required for Proper De
velopment of Roots.
In nenrly all orchard Irrigation worK
too llttlo watpr Is given. When only
n Binall quantity Is applied It draws
the roota near" tho surface. Much of
the water Is held in tho mulch nnd 1b
ngnln lost when tho mulch dries out.
In tho first foot of soil prnctlcally sev
en Inches Is open spaco and Into this
the air and water ontera. Four feet
at least Is required for root develop
ment, wrltea R. L. AdamB In tho Den
ver Field nnd Farm. In order to com
pletely till this a corresponding amount
of water is needed. This, howovor,
would result In saturating tho soil. In
nctuul practico ten Inches of water
applied to sandy soils and eighteen
Inches to clay lands will glvo the boat
results. Not nil tho moisture Is avail
able for tho crop's needs. Part of tho
moisture la held closely to tho soil
grains and will not bo given up to the
trees even under very dry conditions.
This hydroscopic wator amounts to
an immonso sheet In tho aggregate. It
is tula water In which moat of the
plant foods aro being dlasolved. TIiIb
unavailable moisture Is greater In
clay than in sandy soils, as the amount
of surface of the smaller grains 1b
vastly larger than for conrao ones, Just
aa marble has a much smaller surface
while whole than when broken Into a
thousand fragments. For this reason
tho percentage must be maintained at
a higher point for moisture In clay
soils than for that in sandy Ianda. On
the other hand, sand aolls will dry
out much quicker than clays.
On tho other hand oxcosalvo Irriga
tion 1b to bo condemned aa it carries
off tho soluble plant foods. If these go
Into layers of Band or gravel, or Into
the water table, they will be carried
off Into tho natural dralnago of tho
country. If the irrigation water goes
deep, although still remaining In tho
Boll, It will carry these salts below tho
reach ot the roots and the chanced of
being returned within range will de
fend on the character of the soil in its
relation to Its capillary power and tho
depth to which thoy reat.
The layers of gravol and coarae
sand effectually cut oft capillarity and
the wator carried below ,such layers
with Its attendant supply of plant food
Is lost. Therefore sufficient moisture
to Just roach the desired depth la all
that need bo given. The need can bo
determined by both tho appearance ot
tho trees and tho soil. A slackening
In growth and a darkening in color of
tho foliage aro indications. But as the
water should not fall below a point
to creato appearancea in the tree care
ful watch must be kept on the soil lt
bdf. Care should be exercised to see
that tho proper degree of moisture ex
ists to tho full depth of tho soil.
Watering Trees on Lawn.
Ono of the shado trees In front of
our lawn waa so badly rubbed by a
horso that tho leaves wilted and tho
trees seomed to be going to die, but It
waa saved by a heroic Irrigation treat
ment. A pail of water was tied to a
limb of tho tree and a twig about tho
size of a lead pencil Inserted in tho
water, after having the end cut off,
say a writer In an exchange. Tho wai
ter was absorbed by capillary attract
tlon, and after a week's treatment tho
tree was aB fresh as over. In hot dry
weather I afterwards tried the snmo
plan on all trees on our lawn, and
found It to bo by far the most eff,ec
tlve method of watering them.
Irrigation In Hot Weather.
The very hot days cause great evap-i
oration from the leaves on the trees.
Apple trees, of bearing age often glvo
off more than 100 gallons of water a
day during tho hot weather. A large
old apple tree will sometimes give oft
COO gullonB of wator per day. Tho'
winds dry tho moisture of tho soil nnd,
taking nil theso things Into considera
tion, thero Is moro danger ot under
Irrigation than over irrigation at this
time of the season. It can be readily
seen that with so much water being
used by the treea nt thla tlmo heavy
Irrigation la necessary.
The land that la properly cultivated
does not need rest and therefore fal
lowing Is a waste of time.
Tho well-drained gnrden has many
things In Its favor
A hog simply will not be responsi
ble for poor fences.
Truck farming In this country Is
not yet being overdone.
Tho tractor Is going to bo tho new
est nnd blggost help to the farmer.
Woven wlro fehco la bolng bought
by tho mllo Instead of by the rod
Training tomatocB on wires to run
from flvo to ten foot high la becoming
a common practice.
Bog, borrow or buy all tho wood
ashes you can to uso In tho garden;
work It well Into tho soil.
Don't 'ent any eggs from your bht
hens. Thoy ought to bo hatched. Per
petuate tho best In your flock.
Tho gonoral health and condition of
work horses is greatly Influenced by
tho regularity and mannor of feeding.
Don't push tho fat horso on hot
days either In tho Holds or on road.
Onco overheated ho loses halt hla
Whon tho hens are allowed to be
como overfat a disorder of tho ovi
duct 1b often tho result, which causes
It to "break down bohlnd."
IN THE BACK
Point to Hidden
Havo you a
l.-imo back, acb
ing day and
Do you feel a
sharp pain after
bending over ?
When tho kid
neys seem soro
and the action
Pills, which have
Pncn riij Itrturt
If. rt. Hatch, 2CI6 Cedar St., Everett,
Wash., says' "Severe palm In my back
mn do mo miserable Tho kidney secre
tions burned In passing nnd looked I Ills
blood My back got so bod I could hard,
ly walk and any Jar sent sharp stabs of
pain thmuch me. After specialists failed,
Doan's Kidney 11 1 Is completely cured
Cet Doan's at Any Drusr Store, EOc a Dox
i FOSTER-MILBUP.N CO.. Duffalo.Now YorU
luflon, D.U. Hook free. High
est references, liest results.
Emftrl GOOD a -AM 5UKE
LLiiJS FOR EVA.- EYES
SHE COULD ANSWER FOR HIM
Little Comfort for Candidate In Rea
son Assigned by Wife for Her
Mr. Williams, ono of flvo candidates
for tho ofllco of sheriff in ono of the
northern counties of Wisconsin", waa
making a housu-to-houae canvasa ot
rural district, soliciting votes. Com
ing f o tho house of Farmer Tomrfson.
ho was met at tho door by the good
housewife, and the following dlaloguo
"18 Mr. Tompson at home?"
"No; he haa gone to town."
"I am very sorry, as I would havo
liked to talk to hlni."
. "la there anything I can tell him
"My name la Williams, candidate for
sheriff, and I wanted to exact a prom
ise from htm to vote for mo at the
"Oh, that will be all right, I know
ho will promiso, for ho has already
promised four other candldatea tho
same thing." Norman E. Mack's Na
"How's Willie getting on at that
freo thought Sunday school you'ro
Bending him to?"
"First rate, from last accounta. Ha
asked his pretty lady teacher who It
was that first bit the applo in tho
Garden of Eden. Willie cays alio
looked him straight in tho eye and
said nobody knew; that they'd been
trying to figure it out for tho last 6,000
Neglect and Cruelty.
"So you want a divorce?" said tho
"Yea," replied tho woman with
tear-stained cheekB. "He has been
guilty of neglect and cruelty .','
"In what respects?"
"Ho neglected to feed tho bird whllo
I waB away and Bays the crudest
things ho can think of about Fido."
A Woman's Way.
"What sort of woman Is she?"
"Why, she's the sort of woman that
finds delight in reading nil the stuff
that's printed about the new babies of
tho idlo rich."
"Miss Comoup Is now In tho swim."
"Sho ought to tako naturally to iL
Her father wa3 a milkman."
A Confirmed Coffee Drinker Takes to
A houaowIfOj waa recently surprised
when cook served Postum Instead of
coffee. Sho sayB:
"For tho last flvo or six years I havo
been troubled with nervousness, in
digestion and heart troublo. I couldn't
get any benefit from tho doctor'B med
icine bo finally ho ordered mo to stop
drinking coffee, which I did.
"I drank hot water while tnklng tho
doctor's medicine, with Bomo improve
ment, then went back to coffee with
tho same old troublo aa beforo.
"A now servant girl told mo about
Postum said her folks used It and
liked It in placo of coffeo. Wo got a
package but I told her I did not be
lieve ray husband would llko It, as ho
was a great coffeo drinker.
"To ray surprise ho called for a
third cup, Bald it was 'good stuff' and
wanted to know what It waa. Wo
have used Postum ever since and both
feel better than wo have In yeara.
."My husband used to havo bad
Bpella with hla stomach and would bo
nick threo or four daya, during which
tlmo he could not cat or drink any
thing. But slnco ho gave up coffeo
nnd took to Postum, ho has had no
moro tioublo, and wo now fully bo
llovo It was all cauaed by collco.
"I havo not had any return of my
former troubles since drinking Pos
tum, and, feel better and can do mora
work than In tho Inst ton yenra. Wo
tell everyone about it some say thoy
tried It and did not llko It. I tell them
It makes all tho difference as to how
It's mado. It should bo made accord
ing to directions thon It la delicious."
Name given by Postum Co., Battlo
Creek, Mich. Read the book, "Tho
Road to WellvIUo," in pkgs. "Thoro'a
'I3rr rend the nltnre Jet tort A new
one npprnrn from tlmo to time. They
arc genuine true, aud full of Iiuinnu