Newspaper Page Text
I 5 ''.' i ' - '! It s-i NOTES cW PPJWBROOK v BbWMLaM.Hdb Build a round silo. A cement floor Is of value. -&I Cottonseed meal Is a good cow ,, feed. The successful management of poul try rcqulrcB systematic work. Active breeds given plenty of exor cise seldom got the feather pulling habit The appearance of the orchard Is helped by cleaning it of dead branches. It is better to salt the cows every day. Two to threo ounces to each cow 1b enough. Sheep will do better on rough land than will any other kind of stock savo goats. Clean hen manure when used freely in tho garden often causes too great a growth of foliage. One of the qualities of the soy bean that commends it to the stock feeder Is Its protein richness. Except in special cases the dairy calf should be removed from Its moth er beforo It Is three days old. t Good ventilation is essential; but It should be so arranged that the cows shall not bo exposed to a draft There Is JUBt as much importance In Improving the dairy farmer as there is In Improving the dairy cow. Many farmers will let tho steer trample $100 worth of feed Into tho mud rather than spend $25 for a feed rack. Capons are quiet, grow more per pound of feed than cockerels) grow larger and bring a better price per pound. One of the chief reasons for butter becoming rancid at an early ago is the fact that it is not washed thor oughly. Excited men and women make ex cited birds, and that has a bad effect on tho egg producing mechanism of, the birds. All hens which have completed their second laying season should be disposed of at once to make room for tho young stock. Do not despise well bred poultry. No territory has over been noted for Its poultry products unless well bred fowls were tho rule. Farmers should take advantage of any fine dayB that may occur during these remaining months of winter to prune the bush fruits. A yearling treo is preferred by many to older trees. They are thought to be, safer to transplant than two-year-old trees. 1 In driving cows, never hurry them when their udders aro full of milk, or when they aro heavy in calf as they may be seriously Injured. Earth floors should always be raised a foot or more higher than tho sur face of the ground on which tho poul try house is placed to insure dryness. A litter carrier will add much to keep tho barn clean, because the boys and men will work more readily than iif they havo to depend upon the old method. Oats as a hog food have never been very popular for two reasons. First, tho price is usually too high; and, second, tho feeding value is not so great per pound for bogs as that of corn. A yellow frosting is made by heat ing tho yolks very light, and thicken ing them with flno sugar, as you would the whites. It will take a little longer to harden than if the whites wore used. The Embden Is a uniformly pure white gooso with prominent blue eyes, flesh-colored beak, orange legs and remarkably strong neck. When not allowed to become too heavy they are good layers and their flech Is tender ' and juicy when properly cooked. To weigh chickens by hand scales, tako a pleco of cloth two and one-half by one and ono-half feet, make a hole In tho centor for the bird's feet, and tie tho ends of tho cloth up over its wings, and In a knot on Its back. Hook the scales through tho knot A simi lar arrangement makes a comfortable hammock for holding the fowl when cleaning its legs and feet for exhibition. Salt tho cows every day. Use tho manure spreader dally. Maintain tho fortuity of tho soil. Road dust makes a good materia for the hen's dust bath. ' Tho bull should bo kept In a room) box stall adjoining tho cow stable. If meat scraps aro fed to tho pou) try better see that they nro not toi old. Dotter keep ono good hen thai threo that you- havo your doubu about Keep tho orchard land In good tilth Tho trees can bo set as soon as th leaves fall. No dairyman should forget that hli barn Is a placo whero human foot Is produced. Split carrots, turnips, beets, etc., it two and allow tho hens to pick a! them, at will. Almost always tho cow that glvct tho most butter-fat does it tho mom economically. If you havo a poor seedling pear on apple tree It may bo entirely madi over by top grafting. OatB and Canada field peas mako at excellent combination, and nro oftei grown for hay for dairy cows. The best way of disposing of sut plus lato hatched cockerels (too lab to be sold as broilers) Is as capons. It is claimed that early-sown fal wheat Is benefited when pastured wltl sheep to keep down the rank growth Well managed poultry Is preferabh to farm crops in that poultry will pro duco an income at all times of th year. In every variety of farming, plan nlng ahead of ttme Is necessary, am perhaps most so in poultry hug bandry. Ten drops of carbolic acid to a gal Ion of drinking water makes a goo disease preventive when cholen threatens. A good time now to haul am spread mnnuro on the vegetahh garden so that tho spring rains cai, do their part Colts often suffer when teething At such times steamed, crushed oati and 'bran mashes aro most Benslbh and beneficial. Do not let your young birds roos with the old hens, as they aro Habl' to catch diseases which old hens an more subject to. The average value of all propcrt; per farm in tho United Stntes in 19U was $6,444, an lncreaso of 80.9 per cent over that of 1900. The expense of caring for a mule li less than for a horse. He eats less requires no blanketing, no stall and ii more easily kept clean. If ono is obliged to feed timoth; bay a good ration of bran and oat will help to maintain tho owes in goo condition in the winter. Quiet, gentle handling of the owo during the winter makes It mucl easier work to care for tho floe! during tho lambing period. All the growth and thrift that ca be encouraged and maintained durlnt the first year of a colt's life Insure i stronger and a bettor horse. The manure spreader Is a usefu aruciu Ul equiliuieiii. tutu nuuum u extensively used. It saves time an labor and distributes the manur evenly. The stablo manure has been put tho garden or truck patch, tho corn o wheat fields but rarely Is it though necessary to apply plant food of an kind to tho orchard. If you doubt tho advisability o keeping dairy cows comfortable am contented visit the man who mako the best recordB with his cattlo am see how ho cares for them. If tho malo bird seems Inclined t quarrel with one of his mates, th chances aro that sho Is not laylnj The males aro usually more attenttv to hens that are laying or just read to lay. In a recent experiment oats, cor: dog fennel and some flower seed wero exposed during 118 days to tomperaturo of 40 degrees belo zero. Afterward nearly all of th fennel, oats and corn seeds and boiti others germinated. To bo a successful feeder a ma must study tho habits and charactei istiCB of his animals, tho condition that surround them and tho quantit and quality of tho foods that aro avail able, and then vary tho food accord lng to tho animal's powers of nsslti ilatlon. Tho belief that use of clover an manures, or mineral fertilizers, ar two separate and Independent scheme for maintaining tho fertility of th soil has led to very many wrong cot elusions as well as badly depleto soils. These two must work togetbe for good- ESSENTIAL POINTS IN HORSE BREEDING I IDAIIITIW 4utoi nil Ki rnnmimi mi mi iimimii m ii iinniiiiminiiiM)nMiMMrmnmiiiii inr Brood Mare A few words c-f advice to tho f aimer who Intends breeding his mares this season may not bo amiss. There is certainly room for Improvement In the way some men nttend to this part of their work. Seemingly, they do not mix in enough brains and com mon seme. Each breeder should firmly lmprosa upon his mind tho fact that ho is do ing the wrong thing when ho breeds a small mare to a largo horse, says a writer in Farm Progress. True, tho, large horso will bring tho better prlcef but tho horso raised from a maro that has been bred to a largo sire is not worth tho price, oven though it has tho size. Wo might say that quality and fin ish are tho two most essential points to bo considered in a horse and these can bo obtained only by proper mat ing. Mlsmatlng is what has filled tho country with so many scrubs, and un til breeders glvo this matter more at tention, thero is likely to be llttlo im provement Over in Englnnd n groat many of tho breeders glvo their attention to rearing cobs, but our breeders 'seem to pay scant attention to tho domands for that sort of animals. Tho man who owns a compact llttlo maro of less than a thousand pounds weight has tho opportunity to raise a very valuable animal If he will uso a llttlo discretion In choosing the slro. By breeding to il short-legged, com pact and handsome slro ho will bo able to secure an animal that Ib stylish, of good bono nnd full ol ac tion. On tho other hand, If ho choose n big, Btupld sire woighing a ton or more It will only bo a freak of nature If ho secures a colt of any real valuo. It will be almost certain to inherit more of tho weak points of both sire and dam than It will of their good points. It Is contrary to tho laws, of nature for tho small maro to produce a large colt Her capacity 1b Buch that the foetuB Is cramped and starved, henco It Is foaled a largo, raw-boned, un gainly colt. Even after foaling tho maro cannot furnish enough nourish ment, and the body Is built up weak, flabby and without muscle. Every breeder muBt ndmlt that tho country is full of just such animals ns described above, nearly all of Excellent Types of Farm Brood Mares. which aro tho result of improper breeding. It would seem that our breeders would tire of such animals because thero is always a demand for horses of real valuo. Thero is very llttlo doubt that a maro ought to be worked during tho weeks prior to foaling. The maro that Is allowed to stand up In a close stablo Is more apt to prove unsatis factory at foaling time than the one that has been worked up to within a day or two of her tlmo. But there is danger of overwork ing. A maro that Is put to tho plow and plods all day through Boft ground, such as Is often oncountered In spring plowing, Ib apt to strain herself dangerously. Whllo tho crop that is to go tn the ground is important, tho valuo of tho maro and tho future colt deserve pqual consideration. By keeping ex act count of the tlmo that elapses during the gestation period tho own er can make his plans to shirk the maro considerably as foaling tlmo draws nigh. Road work, light driving and eomo light hauling about tho farm aro recommended by all horsemen for the maro that is pregnant If the roads are bad, and they are tn a Bad condition many times In the Bprlng, tho ranro should bo kept off them. There is a chance that sho may seriously strain herself. When a maro is being worked in tho later stages of hor pregnnncy tho harness and the doublo-tree may roqulro somo changes In ordor to avoid accident. I use an extra long slnglo-tree that will hold tho traccB well away from tho mare's sides. This provents dangerous pressuro and avoids tho possibility of a pre mature foaling through bruises or chafing. If the maro is being driven it will -Tr" miiiiii, i - -urn, win, mimim inMnm and Colt. bo best to drive hor In a team. Tho slnglo buggy's shafts sometlmcH have too narrow a spaco botwoon them for tho innro's comfort. Their constant pressuro on cither side may cause her serious Injury", and bo tho means of, losing a colt Of course, tho stall whero sho Is kopt should be roomy and tho doors should bo wldo enough that tho maro will havo no trouble n passing through thorn. A narrow doorway is sometimes tho occasion of tho maro being seriously injured. There aro Instances in every neigh-, borhood whero tho maro haB been worked hard all the day boforo foaling, and then having got through tho ordeal without tho least trouble. Tho colts seem as sound and vigor ous as thoso that havo had greater pro-natal caro. Such instances ns theso do a groat deal of harm. Not every maro can stnnd such treat ment, but the general Impression gets around that they can, nnd much harm results In somo caseB. Thero Is a dlfforenco botwoen over work as applied to a regular plow team and as applied to tho maro with foal. A whole day's work, ono day following another, Is too much for a mare. Most of hor energy Is go ing Into the building up of hor young and hard work moans an actual drain upon her vitality. PROFIT MADE IN RAISING SWEET PEA Plant Does Not Need Any Special Soil to Attain Grace and Beauty Few Hints. Sweet peas do not need any special soil to attain grace and beauty, and while one sweot poa specialist claims compact, strong clay soil, mado rich with cow manuro. another Bays thoy Unust havo light, sandy leaf mold; and again another who lives near tho sea advocates a briny ntmosphero neces sary for their development, whllo ho who lives In tho west thinks Inland air tho best for sweet peati. Whorevor you live and whatever your soil and climate, grow sweet peas and mako tho best of existing circumstances. Hero aro a fow pointers by ono wno has grown sweet peas In tho middle west which wero awarded prizes, and wo found no mystery in their growth or caro. Select a sunny locality, and havo tho rows run north and south. Dig the 6oll doply and stir In plenty of well rotted cow manuro other ma nuro will do If cow Is not to bo had. Walt until tho frost Ib out of tho soil to do this. Even If tho earth freezes It will not hurt tho sown seed. After tho Boll Is well upadod and en riched, firm It well, nnd then run two furrows two Inches deep and eight or ten inches apart Covor tho seods, and firm tho soil. You may soak tho seods for 24 hours beforo planting it I you wish. Sow tho seeds thickly, and only when tho vines begin to spin thin out so that tho vinos stand threo inches apart. Uomomber that sweet peas llko n firm soil and therefore, when it is necessary to have them to kill the weeds, firm the soil well about the pea stalks. If tho season Is very dry, water, and when tho flowers begin to bud stlmulato tho vines with weak liquid fertilizer. A weekly drink of soap suds on wash day appllpd to tho roots will help to mako woll colored bios soms. Tho finest swoat peas grown by tho writer wero planted in puro leaf mold, well firmed and well wa tered. Provido strong, well twigged brush for them to climb over, or wlro trel lis, but tho fornior Is preferred by tho sweet pea. Tho sweot pea lends It self to various forms of decoration. A neighbor flttod a doop and long, narrow box on brackets to a south window and In It planled a row of sweet peas. They wero trained upon a netted twlno screen, nnd when they bloomed thoy wero very much admir ed. However, caro wnw taken to pull down tho white opaqua shado when tho sun beat too warmly upon tho vines, for Bweot peaa sorch very eas ily. Anothor friend reported that she had planted a lot of seeds about the baso of a strong support, nnd tho vines wore trnlned up to nn umbrolln frame which was fastenod to tho sup port Tho vines wero then allowed to fall over tho framo, and thoy resom bled a fountain. Thoso who llko tho unlquo may try various ways of grow ing tho Bwoot pea, but It gives bet ter satisfaction grown on brush, and more flowers. COMBAT POULTRY YARD FOES Gome Ecsentlal Measures Outlined by Expert Poultrymen for Control of Insect Parasites, Insect parasites aro tho causo of a groat deal of annoyance and loss to poultrymen. Somo cssontlnl measures as outlined by Gcorgo M. Turpln for their control nro: Havo tho poultry Iioubob separated from all othor farm buildings. Havo nil tho Interior fixtures of tho poultry houses, such ns roost-poles, nest boxes, feed hoppers, dropping doards, etc., romoved so thnt every pnrt of tho interior enn bo readily cleaned nnd sprayed. Keep a good dust bath to which tho fowls may have nccess at all times of tho, day. Common road dust with flno ashes nnd powdered BUlphur or air-Blacked llmo added Is oxccllcnt Tho road dust should bo gathorod during dry weather for uso during tho winter. Spray tho cqops and fixtures with a good whitewash twlco each year, adding two pounds of snlt and one fourth gallon of crudo carbolic add to every CO galonB of tho spraying mixture. Setting hens should havo access to a good dust bath such as mentioned above If llco nro found lator on tho chicks, rub lnrd In tho feathers of tho head nnd throat, and In bad cases also under tho wings. SHIPMENT OF BABY CHICKS Llttlo Fellows May Be 8ent Long Dis tances by Express Without Dan ger or Discomfort Ono of tho moat intorcating branch cb of tho poultry business Is tho ship ping of baby chicks hundreds, oven thousands, of miles, nnd yet havo them arrlvo In good condition for further growth and development. By ship ping direct from tho Incubator whon tho chicks aro ono day old, ndvnntage is taken of that period In tho llfo of tho chicks when nature lntonded that thoy should bo without food, and thoy can thoroforo without Injury or dis comfort bo sont long distances by ox prcBs under any conditions of climate ChlckB when first hatched require nolthor food or drink. Indeed, Buch is harmful. During tho first aovon-ty-two hourB tho chick's llfo Ib sus tained by tho assimilation of tho yolk, for tho embryo chick Is dovcloped from tho whlto of tho ogg, nnd Just bo foro hatching tho yolk Is drawn up into lta system and furnishes nil the food any chick Bhould hnvo for the first threo days of Its llfo. It Is dur ing this period thnt chicks can be shipped' as far aB express can take thom. KEEPING RATS FROM POULTRY By Inverting Tin Bucket on Posti Supporting Houce Rodents May Be Kept Away. If there nro many rata In your vlcln lty It will pay you to" mako It lm posBlblo for thorn to enter your poul try house. Put a post In tho ground for every corner of tho houso, Bays s writer In tho Iowa Homcstoad. Invori Rat-Proof Hen House. over tho top of tho post an old threo gallon tin buckot Set your houso on theso postB and when Mr. Rat at tomptB to climb a post nnd go Into tht poultry Iioubo ho Blmply goes up in sldo tho bucket and does not accom pllsh his purpose. HEN MANURE AS FERTILIZER Has Greater Value Than Any Other Kind Used on farm Should Be Well Taken Care Of. Hen manuro as a. fertilizer hai greater valuo than any other fertiliz er on tho farm. It Is generally sup posed by somo poultrymon that tlu manuro will pay for taking caro ol tho hens, but this dopends much on how It is kopt, Tho dropping boards under tho roosts should bo kept cov ercd with some absorbent to preserve tho strength of tho droppings. Land plaster or South Carolina rocs Is good. Nevor uso wood ashes oi llmo with tho poultry droppings. The ammonia or nltrogoh would be set froo, nnd part of tho valuo of tho fer tilizer lost. Tho droppings should not ho applied on a growing crop, or cov ered soil. Uso It on corn by puttlnn a handful on each hill at tho tlmo of last hoeing, It should bo kept under cover until used. Killing a Turkey, Tho proper way to kill a turkoy Is to tie Its feet together, hang on a pole, then cut tho throat and allow to bleed freely. Dry pick, leaving head and wings on. After picking, dip In hot water nnd then in cold. TIiIh will rlvn tho skin a fresher look. r ySp SE-.KISER HIE WORLD'S GREAT WANT They arc trying tn arrange It tto that man may unfitly fly; Tliey arc trying to learn moro about tho- Ktnrn up In tho sky; They nn- digging up old ruins so that each of ub may know Whnt people did for ploasuro and far profit lonp ngo; Hern ami thero in somo ono trying to re vive the lovo of art, Hero nnd there noma poet bravoly slugj a pong tluit'n from tho hoart, Dut away with nrt and science and tho Babylonian brick, What wo watlt Is some suro way in which- to Oct Klrh Quick. Men are lighting still for freedom, light ing still to havo the right To address their God unhindered wheiv they kneel to pray nt night: Thoy ore chnflng 'ncath oppression aa their fathers did beforo, Thoy are tugging at tho fetters which their luckless pnrcntn worn; Hero nnd thero nomo irinn arisen nnd at tempts to lot us know How to mako fair pence forovor tho sweat mistress hero below, But wo hnvo no tlmo to bothor over such affairs; wo stlok To tho hope of finding ways In whtnu to Get Illch Quick. Tho prcnehcrs keep on prcnchlnft of tho Klorlen over thero Where the boodlors cenio from troubling nnd tho proRpcctii all aro fnir, Tho nnxlous, eager doctors keep on striv ing to defy Grim Nature und nrrnngo It so thnt poo- plo needn't dlo; But nwny with all tho dreamers and tho foolish ones who prench, Who enrca what the Htnrs nro nindo of. or whnt nnclont tablets teach? Wo nro looking for the hero who will show Um nil tho trick, Who will kindly point tho way in which to Oct Itlel Quick, Foolish Boy. Wo pass the lovelorn youth and smllo Iecauso ho reaches happlncsH Through building airy castloB whllo Wo grasp at shadows of buccosh; Wo scoff bocaiiBO ho gladly dreams Of ono wIioho gracoo may ho fow Of one that foolishly ho dooms Too sweet for earth, too precious, too. Wo pass him by careless jest, Or cunning sneer, bocnuso tho Joy Of lovo Is in his callow breast And hope Ib In his heart, poor hoy I Ah, wo nro moved to laughtor by Tho love-lorn look upon his faco, nut what, alas, would you and I Not glvo If wo wero In his placo? Why He Was Depressed. "Somehow," hq said, disconsolately, "I don't seom to mako fnrmln' pay." "Mnybo you haven't tried tho right way." "Yes. I'vo dono ov'ythlng. I'vo ended meeting's an JInod clubs an' voted fur ovory cnudldato that said ho knowed tho way to help us aloiiff. Ilut It don't soom to do no gpod, nn' I mus say I'm getting clean discour aged." Chance to Get Some. "I havo Alwnys thought," said Mra, Oldcastlo, "that I would bo tho hap piest -woman In tho world if I only had a Botticelli." "Why don't you ask Mrs. Thompson to get somo for you?" asked hor hos tess as sho hung ono of her ropes of pearls over tho back of a chair, "sho has a cousin down In tho country who sonds her somo of tho best every fall that I ovor at." Disgusted. "I'm getting awfully sick of tho kind of plays wo'vo been having in thia town lately" "Why, I thought thero had been a lob of goods bIiowh hero recently," "I havep't Been ono all this Heasoa whero I had to cry tho lonat bit" I Too True. ' "There's nothing llko a baby in thfj houso to brighten It up." "Yob, especially whon It ought td bo dark nnd Btlll." , Glorious. Oh, whnt a heaven earth would be 4 In every way how nice I If people here wero half aa free With help as with advlcol tXLX-u v It?!. IAs wtMJm I . :&- JPfi Wrim Vv$ mammtmaammmmmmmsammmmmmmmmaA ?