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THE NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
$4mHHx SPRAYING, PROPERLY DONE MINIMIZES AMOUNT OF INJURY BY THE LEAF-HOPPER AN IMMENSE NEW INDUSTRIAL PLANT FOR CHICAGO j I The Prosperous! Life Grapes Affected by Insect Show a Decrease in Sugar and an In crease in Acid Two Important Factors j'n Determining Quality of Product One Spray Formula. Br REV. PARLEY E. ZARTMANN. D.D. Secret try of Extension Dcpattmral aj t- '' - -" Moody BibU Irutitute, Chicago .-i-?- T13XT Hlcssou Is tho man . . . Whatso ever lie rioetli shall prosper . . . Not bo the ungodly . . . Hut tho way of tho Wicked shall perish. l'snlm 1:1, 3, K, C. i X A. ,C IpS 3?8? (By V. HAUTZKLU) Tho grapo loaf-hopper belongs to tho group of Insects that obtain tholr food by sucking tho Juices of plants. They uro soldotn found on tho upper surfaces of tho leaves, but they uau- Tho book of tho Psalms has been called tho Inner most sanctuary of tho Christian life. Tho study of theso pooms Is a source of nover ondlng d o 1 i g h t and profit. Iloro wo havo tho wholo music of tho heart of man, svcpt by tho hand of his mak er. "Hero wo hear the burst of h 1 b tenderness, the moan of his penitence, the pathos of his sorrow, tho triumph of his vic tory, tho despair of his dofeat, tho firmness of his confldenco, and tho rapture of his assured hope." In theso psalms many travelers of ovory ago and cllmo have found rivers of re freshment and wells of consolation. Hero God opens the door, shows us his secret dwelling place, and tells us how we may get closo to him In fel lowship. Here ho speaks to us; but more, hero wo speak, tolling our own experiences and anon crying to God; we have written many of tho psalms out of tho experiences of our own lives. This first psalm is regarded as a sort of prefaco to tho entire collection, specially It is a plcturo of tho pros perous life, and by sharp contrast a picture of tho llfo without God in it. Thero is really only ono. llfo worth considering or cultivating; that Is tho life hid with Christ in God, and It should be our utmoBt concern to make that llfo blessed. Consldor tho. ele ments of Euch a llfo as set forth In tho entlro psalm. Refusal. The prosperous life Is sheltered be hind 'a wall. Verses 1-3 sot forth tho great character, and It Is marked by a great refusal. 1. Evil practice: walketh not In tho counsel of the un godly; 2. Evil habit nor standeth In tho way of sinners; 3. Evil charac ter nor sltteth in tho scat of tho scornful. The prosperous llfo must not think wrongly, nor speak wrongly. If God Is not In all your thoughts, looso thinking soon will lead to loose living, and things that would cat away tho fiber of will and conscience and feeling. Oh! the blessedness the happiness of the man who can say, I will not defllo myself; who will not tako these three downward stops In tho evolution of sin; and God pity the man who has taken the third de greo in sin. Bui refusal of evil thought, practice, and habit is not enough. Ono does not acquire physical health, vigor and power simply by refusal to oat poi sonous foods or drink damaging liq uors. Tho physical llfo requires food. The soul grows beautiful and strong, and the llfo prosperous and useful not only by Its great refusal. but by tho reception of all things that aro full of nourishment-Mho pure, tho honest, the lovely, the things of good report. God not only brings us away from Egypt; ho leads us Into Canaana land flowing with milk and honey. Tho llfo that refuses tho evil and received the good will bo crowned with glorious blessings. They aro stated so plainly in this psalm. (I am indebted to a friend for those brief sug gestions.) Noble growth "like a tree," (and that figure meant much in Palestine) ; propitious placing "planted ;" sustenance-"by the rivers of water;" fruitfulness "that bring eth forth its fruit In Ita season;" heauty of character "his leaf also shall not wither;" real prosperity "whatsoever ho doeth shall prosper." This result Is measured by God's standard "all things Iwork together for good to them that love God." Yes, above all conditions apparently unfa forable and all results temporarily dis tressing, this Is God's way of reward ing tho man who trusts him, who waits upon God for sustenance, who delights himself In God, and who makes God's will not only tho law of his life, or the joy of his llfo, but real ly his life. Contrast. , Ix)ok at this picture Blessed Is the man, whatsoever ho doeth shall pros por; then on this "Not eo tho ungod ly, not so." And by this sharp con trast and ouddon change tho pBalmlst Increases the emphaslB on tho ele ments that constitute a prosperous life, and tho blessfngs that attend It. Notice the character tho ungodly, simply the man who does not live in tho way God demands; notico his character like tho chaff; notico his doom which tho wind drlvoth away. I call you by tho persuasion of this psalm to chooso tho prosperous llfo. Nothing elso Is worth whllo, nothing elso abides. "For tho Ixrd knowoth tho way of tho righteous, but tho way of tho ungodly shall perish." What God knows, lasts; what ho does not know, parishes. Choose now your place, and decide your character, your usefulness, and your destiny. Which shall It be treo, or chaff? Borne Hibernating Places of Leaf Hoppers. ally seek tho under Bides and there do practically all their feeding. Whllo lmmaturo tho insects nro called nymphs. Tho ndultB aro more conspicuous than tho nymphs aud aro especially noticeable at tho time tho grapes are being hnrvested. They aro then very annoying because they get into tho mouths, cars and noses of tho pickers. At this time they fly about especially on warm and calm days during the latter part of tho sea son, and drift to othor vines or to grass fields, brush land and thickots. In fact, they seek any place that will shelter them during tho winter. Tho leaf-hopper survives tho winter in greatest numbers in dry localities and is absent from low-lying lands, such as clay and some of tho loam soils. On tho higher soils there is no winter flooding and tho rains soon drain away, thus offering tho most dcslrablo winter quarters. Hero tho leaf-hopper abounds. That certain vineyards aro more susceptible to attacks by tho leaf hopper Is a common observation. Tho dogroo of Infestation of vineyards is, however, not n matter of chanco. Situations In which dead weeds or stream, blackberries and rnspborrlos, dotormlno tho relative amount of loaf-hopper injury to tho vines. When tho nymphs and adults of tho summer brood inlllct much Injury, owing to numbers, considerable dam ago Is dono by tho hibernating adults in tho spring sl.ico thoy attack tho young foliage, causing yellowing of tho leaves. This damago to tho young grapo follago by tho adults is needless, howover, and can largely bo prevented by burning ovor tho winter quarters of tho insects, which will destroy tho greater portion of thom. Gnomical analysis of grapes taken from sprayed and unsprayed vines show that tho fruit from vinos pro tected from tho leaf-hopper Is superior to fruit from vinos subjected to tho attacks of this pest. Analyses of grapes from sprayed vines give a gain of from 8 to C8 per cont. in sugar ovor thoso from untreated vines, whllo tho ill '"' '"'-' :" !'$ Whon complotod, tho now plant of tho Calumet Baking Powder Company, now under course of construction, at South 41st nvenuo and Flllmoro street, will provo a fitting monument to tho ability, honesty and progrcs slvoness which hnvo rondored possl bio tho tremendous growth of ono of Chlcngu'tf most prominent industrial Institutions. This immense plant, tho ostlmntcd cos, of which Is $250,000, la a strictly modern flvo-story and basement, flro proof, ro-onforced concroto building. Size, 2C0xl00 Toot. Ono of tho novel and interesting features of this, tho largest and most efficiently equipped Dnklng Powdor plant In oxlstonco, will bo a cantllovor shipping platform projecting ovor to a Bwltch track on a lovol with tho second floor. Automntlo machlnory, modorn ap pliances mid passenger nnd freight clovntora of tho latest typo will bo Installed nnd omployod in manufac turing and handling tho company's product. Plans which make posslblo a maxi mum amount of glass nrca nnd tho highest degreo of sanitation hnvo boon carofully nnd scientifically pro parod. Spacious and splondldly ap pointed rest rooms nro provided for employes. Ono ontlro floor will bo dovoted to laboratory and research equipment. Tho Installation of a modorn bakery for oxporlmont purposes lusurcs tho maintonnnco of tho high standard of cxcollcnco for which Calumot Caking Powder Is fntnod. Tho Calumet Raking Powdor Com pany was organized a qunrtor of a century ago by Mr. Win. M. Wright Tho company first began tho rannu facturo of baking powdor In n com paratively small way, with limited capital. Modorn methods, combined with high grndo materials nnd an un wavorlng determination to produco an artlclo of Btiporlor qunltty havo created a demand which necessitated tho orcctlou of tho now Calumot plant havo mado tho Calumot Company n substantial factor In tho Industrial llfo of Chicago, nnd won for it a pat ronage which Is a benefit and a cred- I it to tho city. Adv. Every timo a woman takes tho con colt out of n man she adds to her own. Vineyard Surroundings Which Make Control of Leaf Hoppers Dlffcult grasses abound or whero leaves from trees collect, provide tho very best conditions for the wintering of tho leaf-hoppers. Tho proximity of por tions of tho vineyard to grasB fields, grassy headlands, wooded banks of a REDUCE AMOUNT OF DRY ROT LOSS Grape Foliage When Feeding by "Hop pers" Begins. unsprayed grapes had from 0 to 10. G per cent, more acid than tho sprayed grapes. Tho color of tho grapes from sprayed vines was darker and richer. This shows that spraying, properly dono, will minimize the Injury by tho leaf-hopper. Experiments In Now York during 1912 showed that "Dlack Leaf 10" (50 por cent, ntcotlno), ono part to 1,600 parts of water or bor deaux mixture, lsfan efficient spray for tho leaf-hopper. Tho spraying must bo dono at tho tlmo when tho maximum number of nymphs aro pres ent. Ono must Judgo tho tlmo by watching tho development of tho In sects. Sufficient spray mlxturo muBt bo used to drench the Insects and tho under sides of the leaves must bo thoroughly hit by tho spray. Spray ing at low pressuro Is a wasto of tlmo and material. PREPARING SEED BED FOR WHEAT Mrs.Wlnslow'n Soothing Syrup for Children toctlilu?, Boftcna tho Ruins, reduce lullammi tlon.allayu palu.curca wind collo,!2a a bottle.M Nearly everybody In a small town protends to desplso an amateur show yet nearly everybody goon. What It Costs. "Politeness costs nothing." "Nothing, eh? Coats mo my scat twice a day," declared tho tired Btrap hanger. Eliminating Mr. and Mrs. A correspondent of tho London Dally Citizen BUggosta that tho un necessary and unpleaslng prefix "Mr." should bo eliminated from tho super scription of letters. Tho deprivation of this prefix was ono of tho penalties enforced In our American colonies during tho seventeenth century. Tho records of Massachusetts show that in 1C80 Josias Plalstowo was con damned "for Btoallng four baskets of corn from tho Indians, to return thom eight baskets ngaln, to bo fined 5, and hereafter to bo called Josias, not Mr., as ho used to bo." Tho Massa chusetts penal code also provided for docking women of tho prefix of Mrs., but thero la no record of this olauso having boon enforced. THE CROPS IN WESTERN CANADA Optimism Throughout the Provr inccs of Manitoba, Sas katchewan and Alberta. During tho prcsont Bummor a nun bcr of Important delegation havo vis- Hod tho Canadian Wrost for tho pur P080 of securing Information na to tho crop conditions nnd tho conditions Tho quality of Western Canada wheat 1b recognized ovdrywhoro. Tho latest corsus returns show that In tho Provlnco of Mnnltoba, which stands out na ono of groat woalth and wondorful opportunity, tho land area under whent Increased from 1,9(55,200 acres In 1900 to 2,700,171 acres In 1910, being an Increase of 40,46 por cont. In tho decado. Tho wheat area of 1911 !b Broator than thnt of 1910 by 331,401 acres. Thoro aro Incroaaos In tho area of production of all ceroalB for 1910 ovor 1900, oxcoptlng poao and mixed grains. Of corcnla grown in 1910 tho largest gross monetary return por ucro was given by peas with $20.51, followed by tlOUB UUU IUU (JUHUIUUllo I b"" "J J..J..U ...v.. Y-..W-, -. goncrnlly. For somo'bonnB with $16.37, fall wheat with Best Results Secured at the Ne braska Station by Use of Formalin Dip. Extenslvo experiments havo been conducted by tho Nebraska station to learn if any treatment might bo ap plied bpfore tho potatoes were stored that would rcduco tho amount of loss duo to dry rot. Theso experiments havo clearly demonstrated that dry rot may bo held In check through treatment of tho tubers before being placed In tho storage cellars. For this purpose tho best results wero secured through tho use of either formalin dip, formalin vapor, or tho lime-sulphur wash. Not only did the tubers In theso lots show a very small percentage of dry rot, but thoy wero In excellent condition other wise when removed In April. Tho storage tlmo, It should bo remem bered, employed In this experiment Is longer than would ordinarily bo employed by tho average farmer, and this gave tho treatments a Bovere test Under ordinary farm conditions tho development of the formalin vapors is not easily secured, and thereforo tho station would particularly recommend tho use of formalin -dip as the easiest mothod to employ, and one that ehould glvo excellent results Is practice This formalin treatment referred to consists of placing the tubers in sacks and Immersing for two hours In a solution of ono pint of 40 per cenU formalin in a barrel of water. The tubers are the, dried beforo being placed In storage. Shipping Live Poultry. Tho' treatment of llvo fowls during shipment Is receiving somo attention from tho National Humane associa tion. It Is urged that a regulation shipping coop bo adopted which would prevent damage through rough ban "Heaving" Is Due to Loosenes? and Cloddiness of Lower Layer of Bed. Careful farmers aro already prepar ing tho seed bed for tho wheat that goes in this fall. Ono of tho greatest factors that limits the production of wheat ordinarily la tho poorly pro pared Beed bed. Prof. M. F. Miller of tho Agron omy Department of tho University of Missouri describes tho "heaving" of wheat to tho looaenosa and cloddiness of tho lower layer of tho bed. If tho surface Is plowed and allowed to stand qulto a whllo, then Is har rowed, tho top will appear to bo smooth and In good condition, while tho part a few Inches underneath will bo made of largo clods and openings. These openings not only cut off tho supply of water which should rise from tho subsoil, but In a wot tlmo they will fill with and lift when a freeze cornea. Tho simplest remedy, and the most effective ono, for this coarseness In tho lower part of tho seedbed, Is to disk tho ground thoroughly beforo plowing It. Then there will bo no clods that cannot bo reached and dealt with. Furthermore, tho disked surface will plow, with Iobb horse power, and tho wueda will turn under bettor. Two things then, aro extras ily Im portant In preparing wheat la'.d: Ono Is to disk beforo breaking; tho other Is to do It soon enough so that tho seedbed will ho started up and the seedbed will havo tlmo to sottlo well beforo seeding tlmo. Tho molBturo will bo started up and tho seed will havo tho best kind of a start. "A Man, My Son." Tho fellow who acquires tho phys ical strength to handlo a big plow and to manage a mulo; who learns to lovo nn honest furrow; who gets tho moral courago to kill grass, In splto of tho shade trees thnt Invito him, nnd who can bo patient, realizing that ho 1b be coming, day by day, a real man, haB a thousand things, more to thank God for than tho fellow who hasn't tho physical strength to carry a walking cano unless ono ond of it is in his mouth; who hasn't learned to draw a lino without a straight edgo to go by; who hasn't tho moral courago to got out of bed boforo 10 a. m., and who Is Impatient bocauso ho thinks tho "gov ernor" Is too hard on him. Atlanta Constitution. of business months tho financial Btrcsa was folt throughout tho Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Co lumbia as well as In othor portions of tho country. With a dovolopmont tak ing plnco thoro, Buch aa has novor boforo been known, It wna to bo $15.G7, corn for husking with $12.03, flax $11.15, buckwheat $11.00, Bprlng wheat $10.34. Tho smallest roturna wero obtnlhod from oats, ryo and bar loy In tho order named. Tho avcrago valuo por farm holding of Hold crops, vogotabloa nnd fruit lWV,, f ; ' fczrK raffikoM' 'r.t . frvjfc. ' jtt vrrrmat. v . 4 The Dairy Herds Throughout Canada Aro of the Beat. LIGHT BREAKS IN Thoughtful Farmer Coffee. Learns About dllng and would keep tho birds from planting. Tho advice is to pot all nutting tholr heads through tho top, thus receiving Injury from other pack ages placed above. It Is also recom mended that shipments of squab plguons under six weeks of ago bo forb'diln. Planting of All Bulbs. A bit of gratis wisdom concerning forcing bulbs Is to tho effect that most of the falluros como from too lato bulbs as oarly as possible, which prob ably means as early as they are ob tainable. Some of tho forolgngrown bulbs do not ripen early onough to be obtainable with tho first consignments to our dealers. Many pcoplo oxlst in a moro or loss hazy condition nnd it often takes years beforo they realize that tea and cof fee aro often tho cause of tho cloudi ness, and that thoro is a almplo way to let tho light break In. A worthy farmor had such an oxpor lonco and tells about It, in a letter. Ho says: "For nbout forty years, I havo had indigestion and stomach troublo In various form3. During tho last 25 years I would not moro than get ovor ono spell of bilious colic until another would bo upon inc. "Tho best doctors I could got and all tho medicines I could buy, only gave mo temporary relief. "Chnngo of climate wnB tried with out results. I could not sleep nights, had rheumatism nnd my heart would palpltato at times so that It Boomed It would Jump out of my body. "I camo to tho conclusion that thoro was no relief for mo nnd that I was ubout wound up, whon I saw a Postum advertisement. I had always boon a coffeo drinker, nnd got an Idea from tho ad. that maybe coffeo was the causo of my troublo. "I began to uso Postum Instead of coffeo and In lesa than three weoks I folt llko a now man. Tho rheumatism loft mo, and I havo never had a upell of bilious colic slnco. "My nppotlto Is good, my dlgostlon novor was battor and I can do moro work than beforo for 40 years. "I haven't tasted coffeo Blnco I be gan with Postum. My wlfo makes It according to dlroctioiiB and I relish It nB well aa I ever did coffee, and I was certainly a slavo to coffeo." Name given by Postum Co., Ilattlo Creek, Mich. Wrlto for copy of tho lit tle book. "Tho Hoad to Wollvlllo." Postum comos In two forma: Regular Postum must bo well boiled. Instant Postum la a solublo powdor. A teaspoonful dissolves quickly In a cup of hot wntor and, with tho addi tion of cronm nnd sugar, makos a do llclous beverage Instantly. "There's a reason" for Postum. expected that when tho money bags wero tlghtoncd that thla would bo tho caso. Tho fact la that monoy could not koop paco with tho development natural to demands of 400,000 now pco plo a year. Towns and cltloa had to bo built to tako caro of tho country nnd cnpltal had not mado sufficient preparation. But tho cropAof 1913 will reatoro condltlona to a normal otato, and tho natural and reasonable dovolopmont will continue Owing to a wot fall In 1912, and a heavy snowfall during tho past winter thoro was n largo area which it was difficult to seed at tho usual tlmo tho past spring. Thoroforo na a gonoral thing seeding was later than uaual. A trip through tho country In tho early part of August showed that thla was no drawback. Wheat that had boon seeded In May waB already ripening, nnd had a stand fully no good aB any country had ovor produced; tho hoada wero largo and tho prospects wero of was $1,024.71 In 1910, na ngalnat $518,03 In 1900, bolng an Inoroaso of 79.18 por cont. In tho decado. Coming back to tho cropa of 1913, It may Bafoly bo aald that tho yield of wheat In Saskatchewan will bo nbout 115,000,000 busholB, with an nvorngo yield of over 22 bushels por ncro. Oats, which aro but a fair crop, will yield an avorago equal to that of last year. Barloy Is oxcollont, whllo flax, of which tho avorago Ib connldornbly Icbs than last year, will producq a greater avorago than for yenrs. What la said of theso crops will apply to all districts. Under dato of August 12th, a report comes from Roglna which anys: "Unlosa somo dlro calamity occurs in tho noxt fow dnya farmors of tho Itoglna district will reap tho grontost wheat crop ovor recorded In tho West. "A correspondent mado an automo bllo trip to tho north and west of tho city, ovor twonty-sovon mllca bolng covered. Several floldB woro aeon Wheatficld In Stook, Western Canada. tho brightest. It wna not only In wheat but In flax, oatu and barloy, tho snmo splendid conditions obtained. ItalnB In all parts of tho country camo at tho right tlmo and tho best of woathcr throughout tho season pro vallod in all parts. Tho hay crop was oxcollont. Al falfa, clover and timothy .grassoa woro good, and many fnrmorB nro now cul tivating thoso uplendld fodders. Tho homestead shnck la giving placo to comfortablo rcaldoncea. Largo barns nro being orccted whoro tho Im provised log and mud atnblo gave ahol tor to tho fow head of cattlo that tho oarly sottlor may havo had In his pos session. Fields aro fonced, roads con structed and groat fields of grain and pusturo lund aro nhvaya In ovldonco. which woro almost rlpo onough for tho blndor. Others requlro about a week moro warm weather, but ovorywhoro was tho Indication of a phonomoual yield. Oato do not avorago up with tho whout, but several good fields wero scon. This tlmo noxt wcok tho hum of tho blndor should be tho prevalent music around Ilcgina. "Ono farm was paaocd on which thero was one squuro mllo of tho finest wheat lmaglnnblo. It la Just turning yellow nnd will run forty bushels to tho aero." In Alberta thero will bo a high yield of all grains. Wheat will be a hoavlor avorago than last year. Oats about tho same, flax heavier aud bar ley about tho same. Adv.