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THE NORTH PLATTE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
NOTES cw Bheop must havo shelter. Poor cows are nover cheap. Make capons of tho cockerels. Keop only the monoy-maklng honk. Ground bono can bo fed nlono or In soft food. Exposuro to hot sun will quickly stnlo fresh eggs. Havo somo way of telling the oldest eggs nnd keep thorn sold. It Ib a good rule to scald out tho drinking vessels onco n week. It takoB grit nnd pluck to bo a poultrymnn this kind of weather. Too much corn In tho feed In warm weather makes tho hens fat and lazy. Plnn to havo nt all times a blanket of looso earth on tho surface of tho fields. Sashes Give Distinction to the Gown HALTER-BREAKING COLT NOT DIFFICULT IWBROOK mm I'McMUt'f W X frzaM IF thcro nro girdlo or anahloBs dresses designed for tho new sea son, ttaoy Beem to bo keeping out of eight Everything has a sash which docs not define tho waist line, but wanders abovo and below and around or diagonally across and terminates wherever it sees fit, Bometlmes at tho bust, sometimes under tho shoulders, again half way to the knees, and rea sonably often somewhere near tho waist lino. Nearly all tho girdles are of tho new and beautiful ribbons. Some of, them aro of silk wrapped about the liguro and extending from below the bust to the swell of tho hlp3. To sum up the matter, you may wear a sash or a girdle of any sort of ribbon you chooso and posed to suit yourself. Four fashionable designs are shown here. The first is called tho "Dres den," and is made of molro ribbon in all colors, with border and stripes in Dresden patterns woven in. It con sists of a girdle, a short, standing loop and a long falling loop with one end forming tho sash. At the heart of this two-looped bow is a buckle made of narrow velvet wound over a founda tion of buckram. The velvet is in a dark shade of tho same color as ap pears in tho body of tho ribbon. This is ono of tho most popular of all tho many sashes now in voguo. It requires about three yards of rib bon, and 1b supported by narrow stays when fitted to tho waist Tho girdle without ends pictured next is called the "Alsatian," taking its name from tho bow of two loops, and equal in length, which furnishes It. It Is made of soft, mersa line rib bon. Tho heart of the bow Is held in place by two shlrrlngs over soft cord. A yard and a quarter will mako this girdlo for a waist of average size, say 24 Inches. It is an easy matter to calculate tho length required, since It takes a trlllo more than a half yard to make tho two loops. Adding to this tho waist measure with a little allow ance for making and fastening above or below tho waist line, the length re quired Is ascertained. The wide nnd soft sash pictured next Turban Designed for Wear When Using the Motor TO Just what particular country of tho far east wo are indebted for the turban shown hero makes no dif ference. India provides plenty of modols for copies that aro effective and becoming in proportion to their fidelity to tho original. Tho turban shown hero, designed for motor wear, is made of a shaped length of soft, changeable silk. It wraps about the head and fastens with loop and button at the top. Hero a pretty ornament, a mock Jewel may be used. Tho hair, except that about tho forehead and a fow stray locks about tho face, is entirely covered. Tho coat la a mannish, rain-proof af fair, with a velvet inlay on the collar and on tho decorative straps that fin ish tho sleovcs. It Is looso und roomy and it is warm. Tho pretty autolst Is provided with a small bag made of silk, matching the turban, in which she carries her veil, goggles and what fow toilet ac cessories she may need, when they aro not in use. It does not need to bo with Its suggestion of a butterfly bow, is called the "Geisha." Wido ribbons nro chosen for this, and an nraplo al lowance for encircling tho wnlst, slnco it is worn rather high. Tho ends aro trimmed diagonally, and hemmed. Tho hem Is finished with hem-stitching or bordered with a vol votribbon in tho samo color as tho sash. This sash will requlro throe yards and perhaps a little more. It do pends upon the length of tho pnds. Tho shorter one, as a rule, Is half a yard long. Tho character of tho de sign admits of shorter ends, but hard ly of longer ones. Tho carefully made and beautiful girdle shown at tho right 1b appropri ately called tho "American Beauty." A soft, wido ribbon in rose shados is chosen for this, which is designed for afternoon or evening gowns. Tho rib bon is laid in four plaits and tacked to stays. Tho overlapping end of tho girdle Is finished with a shallow loop. Just at its baso two very realistic roses (mado of ribbon) are posed with a bit of millinery rose foliage- and stems, aro sewed to tho ribbon and tho stay which finished tho end. Hooks and eyes provide a means of fas tening. Tho story of sashes is a long one. There 1b tho "WiBhbono" and tho "Sul tana," both our Interpretation of ori ental Ideas. There Is tho "New York" and tho "Roman Girdlo," both excel lent for plain cloth dresses, and tho last particularly effective. Then there is a big family of bordered sashes, and all thoso girdles of bril liant and rich brocades, with which tho deep and somber colors used In costumes aro mado to glow color, which rioted during tho summer, until our fashions wero color mad, has re covered. Emerging from an all black and all whito reaction (or a combina tion of theso two) it is to bo handled form the standpoint of art during tho fall and winter that aro before us. And It is tho sash moro than any thing elso which will provide vivid touches to enliven our apparel. JULIA BOTTOMLEY. any larger to accommodato a small coin purse, a handkerchief or two and little miror. This last slips into a casing at tho bottom of tho bag on tho outside. It is covered by a double flap of Bilk, tho inner flap carrying a few pins. Thus equipped tho lady is prepared to face wind and weather, dust and flying gravel and to withstand tho showers that may ovortako oven tho speediest driver. New Fall Draperies. A vast majority of housewives will bo delighted with tho many low-priced materials that are to be displayed among tho now draperies this fall. Theso show both woven and printed borders. There aro now designs In the sun-faBt fabrics, In tho madrases, plain and fancy, In cotton rep, cotton armure, mercerized armure, poplins, Flanders cloth, bengallno, double faced damask and in mercerized Eton. A white laco rug! Does that not sug gest tho Irrational epitome? Yet tho rug may be as practical as well as a very striking bit of decoration. Tho "not mesh" of tho rug Is of heavy ropellko cords. Tho floral pattern Is executed In coarsely knitted leaves nnd flowers connected by stems that suggest Renaissance applique. Sproad over a dark green, blue or crimson carpet lta beauty Is sufficient to sug gest now possibilities in interior dec oration. Cretonne-Lined Luggarje. No longer is it considered smart to go about with shabbf-looking luggage. Ab soon as possible every paster is washed from tho surface of a suit caso or trunk, overy marring scratch is painted over nnd every bit of brass is polished. But above all, tho interior of the luggago Is considered. Avaunt with tho comomn looking linen lining. In Its place thero aro tho daintiest of flowered cretonnes, tacked to tho un der side of lid, tho upper side of tray and tho upper side of tho bottom by tho nlmblo Angers of tho girl who ex pects to put her prettiest gowns Into tho box or tho caso. Build yoursolf a silo. Tho breed of a cow isn't all. A poultrymnn works nil the time. Shade is necessary in the hog lot of course Dlseaso waits at the doors of damp poultry houses. No one Bhould expect to get sound colts from unsound sires. If butter Is oversaltcd or over worked Its delicate flavor 1b ruined. If you keep sheep on the samo pas turo year aftor year trouble Is sure to follow. When soft shelled eggs are very numerous thero Is something lacking in the ration. When in full bloom Ib tho best tlmo to plow under weeds In order to destroy them. Plenty of bedding In good Beason will often help materially In Bavlng a Utter of pigs. As a rule hens that lay steadily during cold weather aro Indifferent hot-weather layers. Hardiness docs not go by color of plumage. HardlnesB depends upon tho caro given to fowls. Dairy farming Is more carefully studied today than ever before and it pays well for this. Tho good cows In tho dairy are tho ones that mako tho profit. The loss Is with tho poor mllkerB. When benn vines are wot, lot 'em alone. Cultivate or hoo them only when dry, or they'll bo rusty. A maro may bo safely worked up to within a week of foaling provided Bho is nover subject to heavy strains. Cut away all dead branches as soon as discovered and cover tho wound with paint to prevent further decay. Clover has tho ability to obtain nitrogen from tho atmosphere and Incorporate it in Its roots, stem nnd leaves. Treat tho hired man as a human bolng and furnish him with n cottagn homo, not a shack stuck behind your big red barn. The acid of cream unduly sour de stroys moro or less of tho butter fat and If kept too long a bitter con dition Is set up. The real test of value In a horse Is strength, lively action nnd on durance and combined In the light est weight possible. The amount of limestone to use per acre varies. When soil Is acid It re quires from ono to threo tons per acre to correct the ncldlty. Thero Is not enough temper In the whole township to conquer a balky horso; bo thero Is no use for you to match whnt you'd get agnlnBt one. Mixed rations aro more economical than the feeding of nny particular article of food exclusively as somo foods assist in tho digestion of others. It Is Just ns necosary to keep tho sheep supplied with green crops aft er the meadows give out as It Is to keep the stock going In tho samo way. Charcoal and grit should bo kept where tho fowls can have access to them at all times. They aro a pre ventative as well as a cure for Indi gestion. Look out for tho cattlo files when they mako their appearance, nnd by the application of some preventive help to keep them free from these troublesome pests. The critical period In the young tur key Is generally at an end when six weeks of ngo. Inbreeding, lice, damp ness and Improper food nro the main causes for great mortality. Scrub poultry may serve a good pur pose In the pot, but they should not bo permitted to propagate their kind. Scrub hens should bo mated to pure breed males so that tho breeding has an upward rather than a downward tendency. If your poultry yards aro bare hov no doubt get hard and baked these lyit days. Spado up n part of them preferably In somo shady corner nnd see how tho fowls will onjoy dusting In the soft dirt. It will moro thnn pay you for your trouble Tho lazy, sleepy looking sow, that fats easy Is not tho ono to pick tor n breeder. Ovcrhend racks aro bad for tho horse's oyes nnd mako tho horso In halo dust. Handling butter beyond what Is strictly necessary does moro harm than good. Tho cow'b face will lndlcnto her condition as surely as tho face of a human boing. Brood mares when nursing their colts should bo given foods for the production of milk. Men may give good advlco, but you must mako good uso of your own sense In following It. Nevor lightly roll oft tho responsi bility of homo life upon tho shouldorB of tho school teacher. But It Is a mistake to rely solely on broilers. It Is better to havo n broil er and egg combination. Ono good thing about tho garden is that tho things wo get from It do not taste so much of money. See that every egg you sell Is strict ly fresh. A fow bad eggs will glvo n bad nnmo to tho wholo lot. Tho destruction of tho weeds nnd tho saving of molsturo will more than repay for tho extra labor. If your flock Is properly managed and cared for there will bo llttlo or no use for medicine and tonics. Separator milk, If fed whllo It re tains its natural warmth has a feed ing value of four cents a gallon. For early spring mating uso ono drako to live or six ducks. Later tho number of ducks can bo nearly dou bled. Watch tho man who ubob a Bnbcock tester on his cows tho first tlmo. Ten to 1 thero will bo n chnngo In his herd Boon aftor. Dairy farming may well lncludo tho ratslng of dnlry stock, hogs nnd chickens, In connection with tho mar keting of butter fat. Nearly overy ono can keop hens, but can every man mako tho hens keep him? Hens do not pay unless they nro given sultnhle caro. A food may bo so lacking In palata blllty that a cow will only consume n sufficient amount to sustain herself nnd of courso returns no profit. Lnnd Is not a mine from which you can tnko oro In tho shape of boII fer tility year after year without appar ent diminution of Its enrnlng power. Unless soft food is being given troughs should nover bo used for feeding. Scatter grain among litter nnd lot tho fowls scratch and hunt for It. Pruno out old canes of rnspberrlos and blackberries, nnd burn them. Thin the hills to threo or four shoots. Cultivato and ndd somo manuro to the soil. If wo Becuro tho greatest returns from hog pastures and forage crops tho grain foods, which sorvo as a supplement, should bo fed In limited quantities. Tho stnblo manuro has been put on the garden or truck patch, tho corn or wheat field, but rarely Is It thought necessary to apply plant food of nny kind to tho orchard. Beef cattle may bo raised on mnny farms, and thero nro good reasons for raising them. Not tho least of those Is thnt thoy provide a moans of building up tho farm In fertility. There Is no better germ slayer than nn ounco of carbolic acid added to a pall of whitewash Glvo tho wnlls nnd celling of tho hen house a good coat ing working It In rather thick In all cracks and crevices. Medium Blzed, hut plump turkeys aro marketnblo all tho yonr round, bo that nt any tlmo when there Is a but plus they may be sold at fair prlcos, but to eccuro tho nest prices they must be young, and In good market nblo condition, not too fat and not too largo. Turned Out (Hy J. M. IICLL.) Twonty-odd years ago tho wrltor mot a Now York horBo dealer; this Bnmo denier camo to Virginia nnd bought a farm. Ho wanted to ralso colts In addition to small farming. First thoro was a pure bred Perch oron stallion, then a number of well Bet, well mado draft mares good In dividuals, no nondescript, but as this artlclo denls with tho colt proposition wo'll get back to it. At thlrty-slx hours of ago thoy wero haltered and left in tho stalls ono to a stall, of courso, ns tholr dams slept thero at night. Very soon tho colts woro perfectly hnltcr-broken (long beforo thoy wero weaned) nnd in being hnltcr-broken thoy wero taught ono of tho most Im portant things In horso breaking, namely, to stnnd tied when hitched. ThU ono quality Ib nbout half of tho education of n horse, and without It no horso Is properly broken. Tho dams of theso colts wore worked rcgulnrly on tho farm, earning their own living and at tho samo tlmo making something for tholr owner. When old enough to cat solid food thoy wero fed each day nnd Inter on turned out to pnsturo, but still woro given somo extra feed nnd tholr mo thorB' milk until ready to wean, when they wero put out In a good grazing Hold. Tho dams woro well fed and regu larly worked at lenst eleven montliB out of tho twelvo, If tho wenthor per mitted. They kept In good working order, did good work nil tho year round nnd four out of flvo raised a thrifty colt Nover let n colt grow to nny ago and slza without halter breaking him. Hundreds of valuahlo young horses nro much injured in disposition by lot ting them run until they nro from two to threo years of ago and then for tho PIG-EATING HABIT ONLY IN OLD SOWS Characteristic Never Laid at Door of Young Mother Rem edy Found in Exercise. It Is a well known fact that tho pig eating propensity is an nttrlbuto of an old sow; tho characteristic Is never laid at tho door of tho young mother. If not tho old It Is tho maturo bred sow; she with the second or third lit ter, nnd It will bo found thnt sho Is usually of tho slow, sluggish disposi tion. An argument put forth Is thnt this Is tho falling of tho domesticated, but uncivilized hog alono. Undor natural conditions tho mothor will Bacrlfico hor own llfo for that of her young, but the reverso has nevor been heard of. Why, then, with UiIb fact should wo bo led to believe wo feed our hogs too much; that tho euro Ib moro ani mal food and protein? Why cultivato a tasto for moat? Which sow is it that most needs protein? Is it tho gilt that must grow both bar own framo and her litter, or Is It tho maturo sow that has only her litter? It Is a known fact thnt on stock farmB whero ns many as fifty or more brood sows aro kept they nnd tholr progeny run aftor tho cattlo. Tho only feed of thcao sows may bo corn In tho winter, oithor fresh or In tho droppings of tho cnttle. In tho summer corn nnd grass. In this bill of faro It Is seen that protoln Is con spicuous by Its absence, yet from theso farms come no reports of pig eating sows. Instead, tho complaints of tho bow with n tooth for hor own offspring como from farms where tho sows are kept In a small 8x10 pen, living a llfo of Idleness) and suffering from a slug gish liver, constipation, malnutrition, anaemia, melancholia and various other Ills, and curable, all of thorn, ac cording to experiments In turning them out to exerclso and scouring for a morning's breakfast. However, If exerclso must bo de nied, the man who must noods keop his bows In this 8x10 pen can at lenKt seo that hor bowels aro well exer cised. A llttlo amount of bran Is a good thing to add to tho ration. It Is used for mechanical effects only, so enough should bo used dnly to keop tho bow els open, their nctlon vigorous and tho passages soft. Watering Work Team. Water tho work team between meals ir possible. Tho sweat out lotH of WRtor these dnya. to Pasture. first tlmo cornered In a stall by sov oral farm hands, which may bo n frol ic to tho latter but qulto contrary toi tho former. A wild, grcon colt Is as strong no u, bull when thus cornered, a man tries to throw a nooso over tho torrlfledl animal's head, ho misses, tho colt, springs to tho far sldo of tho stall, i rears and nttompts to break over the! partition; back ho Ib forced by n fol-j low with tho handlo of n pitchfork or soma other equally sorvlccablo wcu-i pon. Again thoy try the noose, nnd this, tlmo successfully. Tho sweating, plunging young animal Is now drawnj up to tho partition by threo husky! farm laborers, a bridlo Is placed on', hla head, the doors aro opened nndl with u bound tho colt plunges out Men nro hanging to tho end of tho long ropo, nn end of which Is run through tho bit ; Tho colt reaches tho end of Its tether with a Jerk which nearly dislo cates his Jaw; ho Is brought suddenly1 to a stop, when ono of tho men walks up to him. Tho colt backs, tho threo follows at, tho ond of tho ropo Jerk nnd awlng on it until tho colt comes to a stand-j still, with oyes staring nnd tho swentj running out of overy poro. Now ho Is forced to movo. Away ho springs, to bo Jerked back sudden ly. In tho courso of nn hour tho mom nnd tho victim nro equally worn out nnd tho colt, having received his Unit' lesson, is put back In tho stnblo with, tho bridlo on nnd tho ropo dragging toi bo loft In thla wny until another day.i when tho samo idiotic performance, will bo repeated. So much for this kind of haltcr-J breaking. Thero should really bo no, kind of hnltor-brcaklng oxcopt tho, sort thnt takes placo when tho colt l from throo days to threo weeks old. AAsvvvw'WVXAAywv BUCKWHEAT MAKES GOOD CATTLE FEED Quick Growing Crop and Straw Is Good Absorbent for Use About the Stables. iy a. j. r.Eaa.) Thirty years ago farmers woro pro-, Judlced against buckwheat as a farm crop. Thoy thought buckwheat a voryl oxhaustivo crop and thnt It ruined1 tholr soil. Now nenrly overy farmer In thlB soctlon grows a fow acres of buck whoat, and whllo It is a quick-growing', crop nnd, of courso, removes connld-j ornblo of tho plant food, It does not, seem to bo hnrdor on tho boII thun corn or oats. Buckwheat will keop, down tho weeds, and keop tho soil practlcaly froo from thorn. It Ib nn oxcellont crop with which to bow grass and clovor on no count of this, nnd nlso because It ma" turos quickly and leaves tho young plants In comploto possession of the BOll. As to tho value of tho buckwheat, It makes n good feed for nil tho stock, and tho straw Is a good absorbent to uso about tho Btablo. Tho nutritive ratio of buckwheat Ib about ono to seven. As to Its cultivation. It mnv tin- sown horo as into as August nnd mni turo a crop. It only requires nbout C0( days In which to maturo. An ncld( phosphato seems to bo tho fertiliser to use. Tho West Virginia experiment sta tion found that ICO pounds of acid, phosphato per ncro was tho most eco nomical fertllUor to ubo on buck wheat. A heavier application did not pay the extra cost of tho fertilizer In In creased yield. Ono buBhel of JnpancBo buckwheat, or three pecks of tho Silver Hull vari ety per ncro, Is enough seed to uso. Tho boII should bo well prepared,, by plowing, harrowing and rolling, it Is usually better to plow tho ground, two or throo weeks boforo seeding. The crop Is sown hero nt any tlraei from May until August, with fairly' good results. Tho earllor sowings do not usunlly ylold as many bushels per ncro as the Into oneB, hut tho seed Is usunlly bols ter matured and weighs heavlor. Alfalfa and Sweet Clover. Whero It Is difficult to obtain a stand of alfalfa it Is qulto possible sowing sweet clovor a year or two be-i fore seeding to alfalfa would provel advantngeous. Sweet clover will in-' oculato tho soil and put it Into good condition for seeding alfalfa.