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THE NORTH PLATTE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
BIRD HIS splendid bird Is undoubtedly the most powerful hawk mot with In Montana, where It Is UBunlly called onglo, nnd Its carrying power la remarkable, as the so quel will show. It does no harm, but, on tho contrary, wages un ceasing warfare against such pests as prairie dogs, gophora and meadow mice, and should, therofore. bo universally protect ed; nevertheless It hna unfortu- "- nntelv become very scarce ex cepting lu ono or two favored localities, whoro It Ib strictly preserved. Although a good deal has been written about tho ferruginous rough-leg (Archlbuteo ferruginous), I nm not aware, that It has, hitherto, been studied or photographed at the nest. Last summer Mr. V. It. Felton kopt four nests of this hawk undor observation for me, and Isltotl them whenever his work allowed him time, writes E. S. Cnmeron In Country Life. These four nests woro within n radius of four miles from Mr. Felton'a headquarters at tho Square Butto ranch In Chouteau county, nnd others wero reported seven miles away, llcsldes the above, Mr. Felton found four disused, but well preserved. eyrleB two of thorn within a quarter of a mile of an occupied nost. All eight nests wero placed upon rocky lodges or points. They were constructed of the same materials, which consisted of sago brush nnd greascwood sticks, with some soapwood Intermixed, and lined with dry cow dung. Ah will bo seen from tho meas urements, the loose pilo of sticks mado the new nests remarknbly high, but they settled consider ably before the young had Down. A bilof his tory of ono of thoso nosts, condensed from Mr. Folton'B notes is ub followa: Tho nest was only two miles north of tho Squnro nutto ranch, easily visible from thero through powerful binoculars, and was visited almost' ovory day. This partlcu- tmt noray OWING PCS l? a:rzry . rg-OTglgiS' HrlHH'l K ddtor IT f i it ' yrlr UmwwUUmWB0IA ft l I irlfyy Sa, j AaBMsnHWKv JBkv -jliBl YT &B?ZBf&tfy&& CROZCHZZD jzow lar nest wag pictureaquely situated on a rocky point of tho "Chalk Cliffs" northeast of tho goo logically famous "Squaro llutte," which, despite Kb modest namo, Is an lmmonBo rock constitut ing on isolated spur of tho Hlghwood mountains, 2.C00 feet above tho pralrlo. In ronllty tho so called "Chalk Cliffs" consist of an outcrop of whlto snndstano, chlofly In tho center 'of a rnngo of grass-covered hills whoso green summits rlso In strong contrast abovo tho whlto corrugated rocks. This sandstone stratum has been worn Into a series of porpcndlcular clIffB, pure whlto i bovo, but stained light brown bolow by llgnltlc matter, and projecting spurs nro carved Into fan tastlo pinnacles nnd mounds. One piomontory In particular Is a regular saw-tooth rldgo. Tho neat herp shown Is poised upon tho apex of a pil lar which terminates a knlfo-blndo projection :i,G75 feet high, and suggests In soma photographs tho prow of n ship. As thoro Is a sheer vortical descent on throe aides, and tho surfaco of tho connecting rldgo suddenly bronks off, loavlng n wldo flBsuro In tho rock between It nnd tho nest, It la a task of no smnll difficulty to reach the lat ter and oue best suited to n sailor or a cat. It can only bo accomplished by approaching tho eyrie from abovo, and then crawling along the ledge, when, by dropping Into nnd crossing tho gap (which is well shown In tho photograph), the nest can bo attained, Mr. Felton, making light of tho danger, climbed frequently to the nest, and made numerous exposures with n small camera at tho rango of n fow feet Tho nost was four feet In height nnd three and a half feet In diameter, nnd was higher than any Montana oyrles of tho goldon englo known to, mo, which species has also nested In tho "Chalk Cliffs." (In his recently published "History of tho Hlrda of Colorado," Mr. W; L. Sclntor mentions a goldon eaglo'B nest which measured "six feet In diame ter and nine feot high.") Tho hawks carried green alfalfa to tho nest for decorntlvo purposes, nnd Mr Felton noticed a frosh supply thero on throe scpnrnto occasions. When found on May 18 the eyrlo contained thrco newly hatohod young, but only two reached maturity, as ono of tho nestlings disappeared on July 9 when fifty-two days old. Mr. Felton conjectured that it had been blown out of tho nest by a vlolont thunder storm, but tho two strongor birds might have ejected their weaker brother. In any ovont, tho outcast would ooqn hnvo boon picked up by somo four-footed or winged mnraudor. Tho two re maining fledglings permanently loft their nest on July 25, when about nlno weokB old. While matching at this nost, at two o'clock ono attar non. Mr, Felton observed a great horned owl flying along tho cliff fnco In nu easterly direction. Tho owl passed closo to tho nestlings, when ono of tho soaring hawks, presumably tho fomnle, wns Heeti to ewoop at and strlko tho Interloper, which thereupon dived obliquely to tho ground. The hawk rnnde two morts dashes nt tho Bitting owl, and a short squnbblo onsued ench tlmo botwoen tho birds; but when Mr. Felton reached tho place. ' tho owl was nowhere to bo seen, nnd tho hawk had returned to her nestlings. As tho gront homed owl la a powerful nnd ferocious bird, which oven nttflcks nnd cuts largo hawka (soo Fisher, "Hawks and Owls of tho United States," pago 175), It undoubtedly beat off Its assailant without difficulty. So far as I have observed In eastern Montana, tho ferruginous rough leg feeds chlofly up on prairie dogs nnd m o n d o w m I c o, though not averse to annkea. In my opin ion It never takes frogs. Llko golden eagles, theso hawka often hunt amicably In pairs, nnd then nppear to bo moro courageous, attack ing mammals as Inrgc as Jnckrnbbits. Mr. Felton mndo many valunblo ob servations on tho food habits of these hawks during tho nesting season, nnd discovered tho fact, now to science, thnt they prey upon birds as well as on mammals. Over tho whole courao of his obBorvntlons. until tho young birds hnd flown, pralrlo dogs wero found largely to ex ceed all othor diet; but until tho nestlings wero nbout two weeks old, their food consisted partly of meadowlarks (Sturnolla noglcctn). Whllo vory llttlo food wna found In the neat, tnklng lntp conaldoratlbn tho frequent visits paid to It, there Woro soon altogether nlno pralrlo dogs, one cotton-tall rabbit, two bull snakea (ono 31 Inches long) and some romnlnb of sharp-tailed grouso and meadowlarka, On two separate occasions, whllo Mr. Felton kopt watch near tho eyrie, tho wary fomalo frequently passed and repassed over head with a mendowlark In her talons, ns subse quently Identified. Tho bill of faro at all four oyrles was similar, and meadowlarks, as demon strated by their down and feathers, wero pro vided for tho nostllnga. Tho following interest ing collodion of romnnnts wna seen nt ono nest: Four pralrlo dog skulls, tho skeletons of two ball Bnakes (ono of them being very large), tho log of u Bhnrp-tallod grouso, tho wing nn4 scapu lars of a mngplo and tho primaries' of a meadow lark. Grouso and mngplo remains wore not found until July 17 nnd 21, nnd woro proved by tho feathers to belong to young birds. To tho bout of my knowledge, this specloa never attempts to tako poultry of any kind, and my own observa tions nro strongly confirmed by Mr, W. P. Sulli van, for 1G years manager of Mr. MUnor's beau tlfui Squaro Butto vanch, where these hawks have always boon protected on account of tho numor oub gophers (Thomomya) which they deBtroy. As abovo narrated, several pair breed annunlly upon tho ranch, and nro constantly flying around tho buildings, yet no chtckena have over been molested, Mr. Sullivan, who Is a close observer of nature, considers that, after the young can fly In tho fall, these hawkB subsist chlofly upon gophers, and ho has described to mo their meth ods of capturing them as follows; "I lufvo watched tho hawks often through glasses In our alfalfa field after the first crop has been taken off. Tho pockot gophers got protty busy tunneling, and pushing all tho loose damp earth up In piles on tho surfaco. Tho hawks fly slowly ovor tho field until thoy discover a fresh pile of damp earth. Hero they will alight softly, and wnlt for tho gopher to push closo to tho surfneo. Thoy will then spread tholi wings and, rising a fow feet In tho air, como down stiff-logged Into tho looso earth, when tho gopher Is trnnsllxed and brought out. 1 novo seen them eat the gopher whoro caught, and nt othor times enrry It away." In tho summer of 1003 about an aero of ground nt tho Squaro Butto ranch wna covered with plloa of building material, such as lumber, poatB nnd heavy shed timbers, which had been collected there tho previous year. Numbers of cotton-tall rabbits lived undor theso piles, nnd provided an occasional meal, both for tho hawka nnd for tho ranch cat, which was a female tabby. On a certain day Mr. Mllner (ownor of tho ranch) hap pened to bo ongnged In conversation with Mr. Sullivan nour a pllo of posts, upon which tho cat wns basking In tho sun with one eye open for n chnuco rabbit, na usual. A ferruginous cur Z&piyDzc-ozr?' rough-leg, with neatllnga In the whlto cllffa, wb gyrating low over tho build ings, but neither tho gentlemen nor tho cat took particular notice of this familiar sight. Doth men were, however, sud denly atartled by a loud whirring nofse, when to their Intense surprise they saw that the hawk had lifted tho now be wildered and struggling cat from her couch on tho posts and was slowly bearing her aloft. It aeomed at first to tho astonished spectators aB though tho hawk woMld actually succeed In dis posing of this troublesome quarry, since it con tinued to rlso easily with Its burden to a height of nbout 25 feet. By this tlmo, however, tho fully aroused victim was stirred to a desperate effort, and it became clear that the audacious hawk had "bitten oft more than It could chew." In Mr. Sul llvan's Tvords, tho tabby "twisted round, gavo a torrlblo splutter and scream, and clawed tho hawk with a vengeance." Tho lnttor, flapping wildly, nt once relaxed Its grip, whllo pussy, noth ing loth, withdrew her claws, foil to tho .ground and dashed under the post3. NumerouB downy fenthers floating gently to tho ground convinced tho onlookers that tho chagrined hawk had none tho best of the encounter. Temporarily tired ol cats, it now soared to n great height, and re turned with empty talons to the "chalk cliffs." Tho cat In question was a very small one, attd Montana cats are notably thin In summer; but, allowing for theso facts, the victim must have weighed six pounds at least. Nevertheless, Mr. Sullivan feels sure that had the cat behaved llko tho rabbit for which she was mistaken, the hawk would successfully havo convoyed tho quarry to Its eyrie In tho rocks. Ab the nest wb two miles distant this -would seom an extraordinary feat, and presumably transcend any hitherto published records of tho kind. I quite admit that under favorable conditions of wind tho fomnle hawk might tranaport n 'Ave or alx-pound Jnckrabblt to tho eyrlo; but that any cat-llftlng. hnwk should over surpass what thla ono achieved Beomsv to mo Improbable1 The dexterous application of tho cat's raking claws would not fall to prevent It as In tho abovo romarknblo lnatanco. Where n rabbit succumbs tp tho shock and tho hawk's constricting grip, the agile and wiry feline, on tho othor hand, Is stimulated to offer a desper ato resistance, nnd, llko Mr. Sullivan's protege, Is llttlo tho worse for tho encounter. It cannot bo told whether tho hawk wns mistrustful of rab bits after this ovont, but the cat became so sus picious of a flying object that she would raco for tho wood pllo If Mr. Sullivan threw his hat into tho air. VIOLETS AND ROSES OF VELVET RIBBONS ALWAYS GOOD FORM A CORSAGE bouquet, worn In front and Just abovo tho waist lino, Is a lovely finish for almost any toilctto. For tho Btrcot a bunch of violets is al ways In good taste, providing it is not too largo. Fortunato recipients of or chids may wear them anywhoro, and a roso could never look anything but all right. Violets and rosea are made of velvet ribbons nnd nro valued permanent pos sessions of tho good drcssor Orchids nro mado bo wonderfully truo to llfo that one must bo close to them to de tect tho difference. Thoy nro tri umphs of tho art of flower manufac turers. Thoso dress accessories, tho woman ai ample means takes ns a matter of courBO. They aro really moro needed by thoso who buy fow dresses and mako them servo many purposes. An nttractlvo sot of furs and such finish ing touches as aro shown in the illus tration given here, will mnke tho plain est tailor-mado very dressy looking. Tho roso Is mado of velvet ribbon about two and a quarter inches wide. It requires a yard and a quarter to make a roso If the petals are not double. This Is cut Into lengths of two and a half Inches each, or a llttlo more. Each petal is gathered at the bottom and turned back at the upper edges. The edges are tacked into place vltu invisible stitches. Tho stamens at tho center from a millinery rose, core fastened at ono end of a heavy silk covored wire, wHIch Is to bo wired for tho stem. The petals are placed about thla cen ter and tacked to tho stem with silk thread. Millinery rose foliage in velvet is mounted with tho roso and tho stem Is finally wound with narrow velvot rib bon In green. A bolt of baby ribbon In velvet ami In a violet color will bo required to mako tho bunch of violets. Each flow er is simulated by a. double pair ot loops, each a half to threo-quarters ol an Inch deep. Spool wire, covered with green silk, Is wound about the middle of tho tiny bow which slmu. latcs tho blossom. It holds the loops. In place and provides the stem. When tho entlro bolt has been made up, thq blossoms aro massed together in t bunch nnd tho stems wound and cov ered with tinfoil. Millinery leaveB may bo added or fine maidenhair fern be fore tho tinfoil Is placed. Quito often tho atoms aro tied with a short length of tho ribbon used In making the blos soms. JULIA BOTTOMLEY. Traveler's Kimono. Ono feels n hesitancy about appear ing beforo strangers In a kimono of any description; but otttlmes, especial ly in a sleeping car, Buch an appear ance la unavoidable. It Is surprising how much moro com fortable and how much less Incon spicuous ono feels in a kimono or neg ligee of subdued colors, and it Is only tho experienced traveler or tho woman of wretched taste and 111 breed ing who will persist in floating up and down tho car alslo or hotel hall in a kimono of conspicuous bright ness. A professional woman who finds It necesary to travel back and forth over tho country many times a 'year Bald sho is sure of attracting no moro attention in her kimono than sho would if fully gowned. Tho kimono In -question wns of very dark bluo china Bilk, smocked across tho back and front to glvo It fullness, and tho full sieves wero shirred Into straight cuffs at tho wrists. , New Mirror. At last a woman may have both hands free to fix .her backJmlr, as she looks into a mirror. This Is mado possible now by tho invention of a mirror which can bo held in tho mouth, thus reflecting the back ot the- head from tho main mirror of tho bureau. This now mirror Is quite broad, so as to givq a good general view side wise, and, being fixed on a curved bar, stands well out from tho face. At the bottom of tho curved bar is tho "bite," not too large for dainty..mouths and covered with batting, so as to bo easily hold. A number of thick envel- opes just fitting over tho "blto" como with tho mirror, New Hcslery. Leading tho winter fashions in hos iery aro tho flesh-hued silk stockings which exactly resomblo theatrical "fleshings" and always startle the ob server who first sees them worn with ' low-cut slippers and Greek angle strappings in black satin, embroidered with seed pearls or tiny rhinestones If theso stockings Beem too outre foi tho woman of old-fashioned prejudices, sho may,, wear her evening gown matching silk hosiery, embroidered with gold or sliver pearls. Furs in Midwinter Millinery. A Thoughtful Wife "Where's my now meerschaum plpof" asked Mr Cumso, after dinner. "I thought I loft it on the muntel, back of tho clock, when I quit smoking last night" "Didn't I hear you suy that It would take a long tlmo to color that pipe, dear?" asked Mrs. Cumso. "It is qulto llkoly you did. The operation can not bo performed all at once. But where Is the pipe?" "You know how anxious 1 am to save you all tho work I can, dear?" "Yes, just llko tho precious llttlo woman you aro; but what has that to do with tho pipe?" "Juat thla, love. I got to worrying over the long tlmo It would tnke you to got it colored, aud I won dered If I couldn't help you a bit." "What! You don't mean to say you havo been smoking tho plpo yoursolf?" "Oh, no! But a poor tramp came to tho house this morning. lie wns smoking tho forlornest llt tlo bit of n plpo, and " "Go on!" commanded Mr, Cumso In a constrain ed volco, trying to keep calm. "You havo mado him a present of my moerschaum, I BUppoao?" "Oh, no! Your llttlo wife Isn't quite' so foolish as all that." "Then what haB tho tramp to do with the plpo?" "Don't bo lmpntlont, donr, and I'll toll you. I re membered what you said about tho long tlmo It would tnke yon to color It, and so I asked the man If ho would amoke It all day for a dollnr. He Bald no; that n dollar and a quarter waa tho lowest ho could do It for. So I told him I'd pay him that. Ho's out In tho back yard now, working hard; and ho really Boema to enjoy It. Yet somo pcoplo say that tramps'cun't be Induced to woik But where nro you going, love? Not downtown n early, are you? Now I wonder what's rnnde that raau so crosB?" Bho added, as her hueband slammed tho door. Puck PRACTICALLY good senBo londs its own attraction to tho prevailing styles In millinery for midwinter. Tho fabrics used in tho body of hats are warm looking and actually cmfortablo With black velvet far In tho lead, wo havo plushes, velours, clipped beavers, duventlno and brocaded fabrics, equal ly comfortablo looking nnd equally fashionable. Turbans and small close-tlttlng shapes aro supreme. Soft crowns, amounting to a cap over tho head, are almost universal, so that with the com bination of fashionable shapes and fashionable fabrics cntiroly in har mony tho hat Bhnpcs for midwinter leave nothing to bo desired. There aro fow shapes mado entirely ot fur. In Millinery, as in coats, furs aro employed moro generally as a trimming. Bands and borders aro used, and some very interesting nov elties In fur trimmings havo appeared, which indicate that we shall seo furs employed in new forms during tho remainder of tho cold weather. Two hnts pictured here aro fine ex amples of tho prevailing styles. Ono of them has a rolling brim ot black velvet nnd a soft crown ot Crepo Georgette. A band of whlto fur rolls ovor tho brim edge, outlining It and framing the face prettily, A pair of loops of velvet, wired to 8upport them, has tho effect of a wing trimming at tho back and provides all the decora tion necessary. Thero In a narrow band of velvet about tho crown at its base. Tho combination of white fur with blnck velvet is very smart. Only a good quality In velvet will produce tho best effect In combination with fur. Tho second picture shows a beauti ful combination in gray and black with touches of white. Tho shape is simply a largo soft cap with a. llttlo wiring about the faco, Tho crown Ib of duvetyno, with which tho entire' shapo la first covered. Thero is a band of civot cat fur about tho edge, showing only tho black fur. A pair of novel quills, poved to ward tho back provide tho trimming. Thoy aro mado of threa quills fused to gether, a light gray with a black and a third small quill in gray tipped with white. At tho baae of theso quills there is a small mounting of black and whlto fur finished with a silver orna ment. Tho brims of turbans are covored with tho short haired furs, llko broad tall, oftener than with shaggy furs. Very smart email hats, with narrow brims, hnvo borders of fur in which the fur projects In a fringe beyond tho edge. On theso tfnd on closo fitting turbdnB of fur, tall standing trimmings of fancy ostrich aro the favcrlto of all trimmings. But mndo far the same purpose nro Innuraerablo fancy feathers in the prettiest and most unusual forma. JULIA BOTTOMLEY. v , Is ( i