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THE NORTH PLATTE SEMLWEEKLY TRIBUNE.
r . ta -Ml ! t f woi iom$ U SURFACE DRAINAGE OF ROADS Crown of a Road Should Be Sufficient to Shed Water Rapidly Recom mendation From Iowa. I5y l'Uor. J. n. DAVIDSON. Iowa Stnto AKrlcultural College.) TIjo roads should bo provided with nurfaco dralnu&e, Tho cross section should bo of such a shapo as to shed nil rain at onco to tho sldo ditches. To do this, tho road must bo oval or havo a crown, muBt bo smooth. Tho llrst of these Is a matter of construc tion, nnd tho latter of maintenance. The side drainage system should be called upon to carry as much water as possible. Water cannot be carried away brtho tile drains until tho water has sunk through tho soil and soft ened It. Tho crown of a road should bo suf ficient to shed tho water readily. If tho road is to bo maintained nnd kept freo from ruts and holes, less crown will do than If tho road Is to bo neg Iocte,d.Tho Iowa Highway commls mission recommonded a slope one Inch to one foot for a crown In tho traveled way. This Is sufficient for most conditions. Tho crown should Well Laid Drain for Hill Road. not bo too great. A steep crown caus es thjo travel to be concentrated at tho center, where ruts will bo worn and washing result Again there is como difficulty in vehicles passing. On tho sldo of tho crown the wheels of tho ve hicles have tendency to grind tho road down. Tho tops of tho wheels are nearor tho gutter than tho bottoms. This action, together with tho swerv ing or flow action of tho lower part of tho wheel, has a Very marked ef. feet. Tho steeper tho slope of tho road tho more important tho crown, for there is a tendency for tho water to run down tho track rather than to tho side. If water onco begins to run down the centor of tho roadway It Is hut a short timo until tho road Is gullied out. UPKEEP OF AN EARTH ROAD Problem of Maintenance Solved Very Largely by Use of the So-Called Split-Log Drag. (Hy II. It. FLINT.) The earth road will doubtless ba commonly used in rural communities for many years because of Us low first cost. Tho ever recurring problem of upkeep of such a road can be solved very largely by tho uso of the so-called upllt-log drag. Anyono who can uso tools reason ably well can build ono of these drags at a cost of four or flvo dollars for labor and material. Very few tools are required in making the drag, nnd lis uso is as simple and cheap as its construction. If desired, metal drags can bo purchased at a somewhat greater cost from manufacturers of road machinery. Careful uso of the drag on a road that Is already in reasonably good condition will almost entirely prevent trouble from ruts, mud holes, or dust, nnd glvo good service at a, low cost. Good Roads and Distance. Tho roads cannot bo kept In too good a condition. If every farmor would keep up tho roads adjoining his land the means of travel would bo better This is not only true for tho automoi Idles, but for all kinds and means of locomotion. Good roads lessen tho distanco to town and mako it posslblo for all kinds of products to be market ed at any timo of the year. The timo will come when every road In the country of any Importanco will bo of cement. Tho sooner tho bettor. The county governments havo spent enough monoy in tho last 20 year on tho roads to build good coment roads over all tho principal thorough fares wUhln their borders. 11 fern, ifc ;Jmm PROFITABLE METHOD Bronze Turkeys The most admired of all varieties on the Market. ry anna GAi.icsiinn ) Turkey raising is ono of tho easiest things ever tried, as well as tho most pajlng Industry for n woman. If you wish to try out tho business, never allow old turkeys to lay out, but watch them and see that tho eggs are gathered every night. To keep them laying In the same place, put two or three glass nest eggs In tho nest on th3 sly, and never let the turkeys seo you near the nusts nor do not disturb them whilo on tho nest, A hen turkey will lay from 14 to 20 eggs beforo getting broody, and If when she does sit upon tho nest all day, you can catch her lato at night, and conflno in an outbuilding for a weok or so with plenty of good food, "Water and grit, sho will go back to lny ing aguin soon after being liberated, and lay as many more eggs. Tho first eggs laid can bo set under a common mother hen. Ten eggs to a hon, and sho will do quite as well as if the turkey mother was doing tho job herself. By tho time tho turkey hen gets broody a second timo after being con fined nnd fed, sho will havo become quite tame, and can bo set in some safe place, where wild animals, rats, etc., can not trouble her. Every morning when slip is setting go and feed her with corn meal wet with hot water, and put a pan of clean water handy. When sho hatches havo a raln-proor coop, somewhere near a tree or clump of shrubbery to provide shelter from tho hot sun. Tho hens which hatched turkeys should be fed and cared for llvo times dally for ubout three weeks. Never feed them under the coops, but spread tho food on a clean board near enough to tho coop, so thut the mother can reach through and eat with her llttlo oneB. Tho first meal should bo given after 24 hours, and should consist of corn A Fine Fleck STARTING PLACE OF POULTRY SUCCES Harder Job Making Money With Hens Than Running Grocery Cleanliness Essential. (Ily E. S. MILLKH.) Tho man who tries to make any thing out of a poor flock of hens haB a worse job than making bricks without straw. Tho starting place of success with poultry is with the man. If you think "anybody can mako money with lions" you havo something yet to learn. It is a harder job than running a grocery successfully, and thousands of men havo found out that that Is worso than running for president. After you have found your man, or developed him out of your own mate rial, got the right kind of hens. What aro they? Tho hens you like best, tho hens that are from a laying strain, tho hens that lay whjto eggs. Then glvo thwm a good place to live. Tho men who have made a go of poul try havo learned that cleanliness is an absolute essential. You will have to loam that too .'t sounds cheap; but if you think it is, try It a single season. Cleanliness Is the costliest thing about the poultry business After that, good pure food stauds high. There Is an old notion that any thing is good enough for a hon to cat. It isn't. Nothing but tho best and purest material over should bo put In to an egg. There are men who can tell, or think they can, what kind of feed a hen has had Just by tho flavor of tho egg she lays. m ;8ii OF TURKEY RAISING meal, boiled for half an hour, finely broken egg-shells and eggs that havo boen boiled at least 20 minutes an egg boiled five minutes will bo soggy and Indigestible, but if boiled halt an hour will bo mealy and tonder. Never allow eltlier sour milk or un- cooked corn meal to Lo fed, sour milk will cause diarrhea, and sickness, raw corn meal will swell In their stom achs, and cnuso indigestion. If plenty of sour milk Is at hand, mako Into Dutch cheese. This is very! good if fed onco or twice a week. Ground bone and coarse, clean sand should bo added to tho cooked meal, as when they aro conllncd they aro unabjo to obtain enough grit. Meat scraps aro good, but sweety milk is something of a substitute, as it contains animnl food. I supply my young chickens and turkeys with anglo worms dug up In' tho chick yard and garden. When turkeys aro six weeks old they can take a llttlo wheat, rye or crack ed corn, and tho mother can be lot out of tho coop after tho dew is off. Drive her back to tho coop at night beforo she wanders oft and settles down for tho night, and glvo her a good supper if Bho does not como of her own accord. After a few days slip1 will usually be found nenr tho coop, waiting for her evening meal. Neved set tho coops containing hens' with chickens nnywhero In reach of those with little turkeys, as a hen with chickens will always kill turkeys, as also will a hen with turkeys kill', chickens. Tho coops should be cleaned out1 each morning. Take a long stick and got down where you can seo plainly," scrape out all droppings, and sprinkle' sulphur freely around also among the. feathers of botli the mother and the, brood. Tho eggs from three hen turkeys ought .j produce CO turkeys. What is more prolltnblo? of Turkeys. This may ho carrying it pretty far; but there can bo ho doubt that it takes good food to produce good eggs. And that is tho kind you would like if you were buying, isn't it? Of course. Then put yourself In tho other man's placo and think how ho looks at it. Then never feed old, decayed bad smelling feed of any kind. After you got your eggs, sell them in tho best possible market. You may have to hunt a spell for a good mar ket. It will pay. Two or three cents a dozen moro may bo tho mark be tween success and failure. Never say fall. Stick to It You can bo a winner. Do one! .No moro sitting hens this season Beforo tho chicks were of any size, along would como cold weather and cut them down. Tho prison pen is thp placo for every hen now that wants to sit. Tho oftener you can sell your ugga these days tho moru apt you will be to' hear folks you sell, to say, "Those eggs I got of you were fine. Bring mo homo moro!" Tho chances are that your birds will not get bugs nnd insects enough for meat, oven when they aro out on range, uiiless you glvo thorn now and theu some. Same way with grit. Soft-shelled eggs aro a warning to you that tho grit-box is running low. Streuk it for the bag and glvo them some. Old hens ought to bo sortud out now and mado ready for market as soon' as they lay their litter out. It doesn't mako so 'much dlfferennjn whethor your hens are all marked up according to tho latest Htandard of poultry judging. What you wunt to know is, "How many eggs Is that old hen laying now?" Judgo her by that and llvo up to the result. With All That Wao In Him. Moso was a hodcnrrlcr, black nB tar, bandy-legged and glad of It Ho was relating to eomo whlto men on tho roar of a car tho results of n fight ho ro cently had indulged In. "Dat nigger tolo mo to koap muh ban's offen dat pllo of sowor plpo," ho nld, "but do boss dono tolo mo to fotch 'cm In, 'an I suttlnly woro gontor fotch 'om. So do big coon ujb nnd takes hoi' of muh nhm and Bnys, 'nig gah, bent it,' ho enyn." "Did you beat it?" came sympathet ically from a listener. Did Ah beat it? Co'so Ah dldn'. Ah ics rapped tint coon on do Jaw." "Did you hit him hard?" was an other desultory question from tho whlto men. "lilt Mm ha'hd? Man, I Jos ndchor ly put everything In dat lick Gawd A'mlghty ovnh did glmmo." It was agreed that it was "somo" blow. New Weapon. Tho Irishman In Franco hnd been challenged to n duel. "Shuro," ho cried, "wo'll light wld shillnlnhs." "That won't do said his second. "An tho challenged party you hnvo tho right to chooso tho arms, but chivalry demands that you should decide upon n weapon with which Frenchmen aro familiar." "Is that so, lndado?" returned tho genorous Irishman. "Then wo'll folght It out wld guillotines." Tho custom of displaying colored globes in tho chomlBt'B window orig inated among tho Moors of Arablo and Spain., All tho world's a stage and somo of us can't ovon get a chnnco to look at tho play from tho gallory. There's a lot of credit coming to a good woman In tho next world that sho fnlled to got In this. ((-i It always makes Mother happy when big family package. We all like them so much that she doesn't have to worry about baking when she doesn't feel like it" wma9 ww"" CRACKERS L.-W. Soda Crackers are lighter than even well-made bread, and their flaky crispness makes them most digestible. Ask for the Big Package L.-W. Soda Crackers are very economical in the extra large family package triple-sealed to keep them fresh, crisp and flavory 25c JoosE-yiLEs Biscuit (ompant Bakers of Sunshine filscults 't Unner Cut Mrs. French Vnndorbllt, at n lunch con at llnrbourvlowo, her beautiful Nowiiort villa, said of tho nouveaux riches of Gotham: "Theso people form, undoubtedly, n very splendid and ornuto society but It Is n social upper crust based ex clusively, as it wore, on tho financial dough beneath." Hc! Crow Hull Ulue will wash double ns ' many clothes at nny other blue. Don't I put your money into any other. Adv. I Somo men aro almost aB much ! afraid of microbes us somo women aro I of mlcti. I A simple remedy opninst coiisrfu nnd nil throat irritations mu DeunV MenthoIiit.M Cough Drop5c at all Rood UrugciitH I On tho level, did you ever seo a I woman who wns speechless with ruo? I Grand Junction, Colo, Oct iwt, iota. Bankers' Life Insurance Co., ' Lincoln, Neb Gentlemen: I beg lo acknowledge receipt of your draft for fcm So, beinc tho cash settlement of my is Payment Life Policy for Ji.ooooo I paid in premiums during the 15 year period tfWy 50, IcivinK 8256.39 profit, besides the 15 years' protection I have cashed several matured policies ia other companies, and lam glad to Mate that this is a much better settlement than I have had myself or any of my fnendithat I have been familiar with I wish to thank you for this settlement and am pleased to re commend your company to any one needing insurance. Very truly yours, I ask your pardon for delay. Yours P. Ak tho mun who uwni ono of crar pollclsm. ALCOHOL-3 PER CENT Awgctaulc Preparation for As-similalingilicFooaandRtfgula-tig llio Stomachs and Bowels of 11$ SSMSOT iM l.K Promotes Digcslion.Chccrful nessaiulRcst.Contaius neither Opium.Morphmc nor Mineral Not Nahc otic Vyjw tfOM DrSANVEtttmSt ?J ' 15 , ; totMUSolli Jjtllt StJ nrtmvU Cmrirti Sttf S: !o ft A perfect Remedy PorConsllp lion , Sour Stomach, Diarrhoea, Worms.Convulsions. Feverish ncss and Loss of Sleep Facsimile Signature of The Centauh Company, NEW YORK. 'J.v a m ?. m .at rts' C i;? K Guaranteed under tho Foodar4 Exact Copy of Wrapper. fe "That's What I Want!" b3IsJIIhJJ" 03E1 QUOTATIONS HIDES N- 1 Salt cured cattln hides (beat comllUon) Wo fnvcraeo condition) He. Ilorso hides No. 1 Ijirco S3.C0 to ti.00: Medium. C0 to 1150! Btnnll. 2.60 to J3.C0; Sheep PcIU, KnT lnrse. Sc to $" MwJHiiH, Mo to 7&e; urnall, 25c to 60c cncli; Dry I'tlts. 10c to lis tier lb. Dry Hides, Hkj to ffic HecBwnx, 20c to 30c per lb. FURS Vo- 1 ko-BKUNK, black, J3.60; Short stripe, C.S0; Nnr- i .., row' ,Ul0; 3Jrod. c: MuaknitB, winter, 80c: Full, 25c MINK, dark. tf.0C IJrown tf.00; Iale. J4.00. OpoKiom. Choice. 1.00 Heavy. Aw.Lf"rnS'-,MO,,Avon,0' 2-00: Coar' V-- "AJXSEIt, Choice, ; hiiaVi Ul0 """""'I8 Pro"t by shlppinir your hides dlrtict to us. TVo pr Shin 'r"" "P1 .KlV. yo'.' PJ,u:t,jr w,mt yur MAcn wclKh and jaaX Hli Ip by f-xpresi. wrvli-o Is qulckor. BhrlnkORe lew nnd you Ket your monev !n, .. H AU BOod" "hipped us held separate If requested no you (imn.o Write for our freo safety shlpplne Ubs, 1213 JONES ST. For Infants and Childron. The Kind You Have Always Bought In Use Over Thirty Years GASTORIA TM OSNTAUN COMPANY NV YOUR OITY. I take home this - OBAHA, MEBH. Bears the Signature J A ft!1 f ill J For Fifteen Payment Life Policy Matured in the Old Line Bankers' Lile Insurance Company of Lincoln, Nebraska Name of Insured Walter E. Paw Residence. Syracuse, Nebr. Amount of Policy $1,000.00 Total Premiums Paid Company 670.50 SETTLEMENT "ese.no t 5-So SurPlus $ 415.0 Total Cash Paid Insured 9 93589 General and special agents wanted- Wiita rx Assets $6,800,000.00 .