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THE NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
iKAhMPWWr LliyjilSiFi HENRT HOWIAND ie UlAJldt . WORKING IN A POULTRY YARD of WMIR Qkcoi! I h . H Hi i V.V "W Vj l fivtl ? WT'T-tsW'&wi ( v?Tf Trf m . LM ill 4 MAJORITY of experienced aviators bo llovo tho proposed aeroplane, flight around tlio world this nummer, while It will bo a marvelous demonstration of human progress and efficiency, is novor- 1 theleas feasible. Tho directors of tho Panama-Puciflc exposition at Snn Fran cisco aro assured of tho co-operation of all tho groat nations over whoso terri tory tho monoplanes and acroplanos will whirl. Font after font of endurance must bo performed by tho aviator who traverses tho broad American continent, makos thu frronfr Itlmna fratfn lalnnrl In lulnnrl of tho North Atlantic, pursues tho well-travoled air lanes oi uuropo, saieiy passes over tho uieaK and forbidding wastes of SIborIa, and 'fringes tho almost uninhabited coast lino of northern Asia and Alaska. t Hut each of these foats has been exceeded al ready In tho air rocorda now on the books. Now all that 1h needed Is tho combination of them. Tho performance of ono great air Journey after an othor means luck, onormous luck, to a greater do groo than In almost any sporting contest ever organized. Sovoral aviators have signified their Intention of entoring. They nro willing to take tho risks. They aro not actuated by tho desire for gold, for ovon tho successful contender, who will win tho $150,000 first prize and also the $50,000 offered by Lord Northcllffo for tho first crossing of the At lantlc, will llnd his $200,000 and porhaps moro oaten up by tho oxpoiiHes of.hla undertaking. It Is qultd cortain, howeVor; that plenty of men of largo fortunes and sporting proclivities will bo found to flnnnco this poorless air event Tho eyes of tho world will bo upon tho brave contondors, oven moro than they wero upon the pionoor nviatlon racers in that llrst meet at IUiolms In 1908. Tho attontlon of tho close students of tho race Ih centorod upon the problem of tho Atlantic. Aftor passing duo cast from flan FranclHco across tho SlorraB, through Iteno, Nov.; Cheyenno, Wyo.: Knusas City, St. Louis and Now York, tho avia tors will coast along tho seaboard to Belle Isle, between Newfoundland nnd Labrador, Hero tho flight acroBB the Atlantic will begin Tho flyers will probably head for Cape Farewell, Greenland, 010 miles away. From Capo Farewell to Iceland tho distance Ih 070 miles, and from Iceland to Btornaway, In the Hebrides, is 570 miles. Throo onormous leaps CIO, G70 and 570 miles. None of thorn Insurmountable In Itself. Hut to hit tho bull'soyo three times in succession there's tho rub. Then thoso seas aro not alwayslas hospltablo an tho Mediterranean, which Roland Gurroa has now crossed twlco. Thero are fog and wind and rocky landing placou. But if a row of warships patrol the course, lont by tholr governments In tho Interests of scl enco and human progress, the risk will not be greater (for Instance) than that taken by tho late John D, MolBsant when ho sot off In an untried machlno with a fpg In his face to fly from Pari to London at a llmo when tho channel crossing alone was considered almost a miracle Compared with the Atlantic crossing, too, tho rest of tho Journey Booms fairly simple. ' Tho proposed route Is by way of Edinburgh. Tendon, Paris, Berlin, Warsaw, St Petersburg, Moscow and tho Trans-Siberian railway to Man churia and then Bouth to Vladivostok The next lap tnkes tho aviator across tho sea to Coreu. Ho must then ctosb tho .Japan sea to Kobe and Tokyo, turn north to Kamchatka and travel along tho coast either to East cupe or to the Aloutlnu JulandH, Tho distance between the two continents hero varies from 30 to 200 miles From Alaska tho course will bo southward .to Vancouver, Seat tle, and homo to San FrunclBoo Tho aviators who heBltate about pronouncing tho Journey possible In the present stage of their are calling attontlon to the distance 2&.000 miles. The successful flyer must travel an average of more than 200 miles a day for four months Will Jt be possible to accompllnh the trip In tho fow months of founimor of tho Northern regions through parts of which tho course lies? Vedrlnes whh llvo weeks in doing tho 3,500 miles from Paris to the pyrumlds, fljlng at(nn average of only 100 miles dally. This oxplalns clearly how greatly the proposed Journey would outdo anj thing jet accomplished. Besides tho notable flights already mentioned, Oscar llldor hus flown over practically every high mountain iu Europe, QnrroH has made a flight from Marseilles to Paris without stopping; Ilrlndo Jonc dos Moullnals has toured the cupltals of Europe, and two besides Vedrlnea Have reached Egypt from France. Yet theso Journeys pale be foro tho dlfllcultleB of tho race around the globo. It Is to bo noted, however, that tho history of aviation Is ono BiicceBalon of surprises. Scarcely anything of Importance, accomplished has not boon called Impossible beforehand Aviators havo dono bo much that one hesitates to doubt tholr ability to do anything Special aeroplanes will be constructed for tho race. Theso will probably bo swift, but not built for tho maximum spoed. They will moke Bay, 00 biIIuh an hour. Reliability will bo tho object TiOZMD 2$WGIZCpjimZiOl72? There will be accommodations for two men, both pilots, who will rellovo each othor at the tiller. A largo supply of fuel and oil must bo carried It will bo a splendid test for tho machlno builders, and moBt of tho factories on both sides of the At lantic are expected to bo In the Hold. In tho Uulted States tho following constructors have tentatively signified tholr willingness to build a 'round tho woild piano: Glonn II. Curtisa of Hammondsport. N. Y.;' Orvlllo Wright of Day ton, O.; W. Starling Burgoss of Marblohoad, Mass.; Thomas BenolBt of St. Louis, Emilo Bor liner of WnBhlngton, D. C; tho Holnrlch Brothora of Baldwin, L. I; John E. Sloano of New York city, Edlton F. Oallaudot of Norwich, Conn., and Ingles Uppcrcu of Now York city. There aro now 7,000 licensed aviators In tho world. Out of this field there must be sovoral hundred who would nttompt the proposed flight If the financial backing wero forthcoming Tho llrst man In America to got In his entry was Beck with Havens. Capt. Muthow A. Batson of Savan nah, Ga , a former army ofllcor, who is tho Inven tor of n flying boat, announces ho will enter tho race. Lincoln Beachey will also compoto. From abroad come many expressions showing enthusi asm for tho raco. Tho tlmo boforo tho start 1b short, however, By May 1, fow could have tholr machinoa in rea'dlneaa at tho Uoldeu Gato. Claudo Grahamo-Whlte, the noted English aviator, thinks tho exposition offi cials should take oft tho tlmo limit entirely. Ho thinks tho trip nround tho globo cannot bo made this summer, but might bo accomplished In 1316. He said: "They (tho exposition ofllcials) might as well offer $10,000,000. It Is as aafo as In tho Bank of England If tho offer Is to bo withdrawn at tho end of 1015. 1 do not bellovo you would have tlmo now to get a machlno ready even If you worked day and night. "I think It would need to be a comparatively slow machine for tho race, that Is, ono doing 60 miles an hour. I certainly would not havo a mono plnne, for I do not think monoplane construction lends ltBelf to a big weight-lifting machine " The I.omlqn Dally Mall, Lord Northcllffo'H nows papor, doubts that the feat can be accomplished. It says- "Tho exhibition committoo's offor indicates re marknblo confidence In tho future of aircraft, though there Is llttlo prospect of thu foat being accomplished by tho proposed date But It la merely a question of tlmo beforo an airman puta a glrdlo nround tho world." Roland Garrosatd: "They can count mo In, provided oceanB are ollmlnatod, as In thu-cuso of an automobile trip, nnd othor conditions nro decently fair I am an aviator who will not attempt the Impossible. I am positive thut no englno todny could stand the wholo Journey. Without having to fly across the oceaus, I bollevo I could accomplish the feat with ono engine, provldod I wero ullowed to repair it" Capt. Thomas Baldwin, a vetorau of tho balloon field before ho took up aoroplauea, said tho great est difficulty would be to cross tho Atlantic ocean, and for this trip special machines with arrangements to carry provisions and fuel for 20 hours at least must bo con structed. "Except for tho flight across tho Atlantic," said Captain Baldwin, "the race will not be dlfllcult I figure that the aviators will havo to travel 28,000 miles. Of courso it will bo necessary for two pilots to travel In each ma chine so that they can rellovo each other. "Motors now are made ao that they nro fairly reliable, and the trips across the water for stretches of 500 or COO miles may be accomplished with comparative ease. Tho trip by land over Europe and Asia will be made without great difficulty, and arrange ments for crossing t,he Bering strait will Insure success for that stage of tho Journey." Tho exposition officials ex pect to have at least $300,000 to offer In prizes. The llrst prize will probably be $150,000, although It may bo $100,000 or $200,000. Tho raco will be under tho supervision of an International commis sion consisting of men from all tho countries on tho route of tho raco. The commission will bo scientific and advisory, and Its duties will bo to suggest the route and offor counsel ou geographic, motoorologlc and scientific problems. Tho commission will bo named by tho president of the United States, tho king of Great Britain, tho president of 'France, the German emperor, tho emperor of Russia, tho emperor of Japan, and tho premier of British Columbia. An International fleet will bo organised. Japan and tho United States will bo asked to patrol the Pacific ocean course with scout cruisers, and the United States, England nnd Franco to establish tho same sort of n guard in tho Atlantic. Russia will bo requested to distribute troops over tho desolate wastes of Siberia and Manchuria. TALKED TO DEATH. The toastmaBter was In despair. Looking down tho table ho saw a friend, un Irishman, noted for IiIb wit, and he thought that he might help. He called ou him. With duo solemnity the Irishman responded: "I cannot sny what I want to say," ho began with "for we nro ull limited to five minutes. So I will tell you of an Irishman who came to this country. He wroto homo telling of things horo, and rocounted that no longer wero men put to death In this country by being hangod. 'Tho way they kill 'em hero,' ho wrote, 'Is by elocution.' " Raleigh News and Observer. A REAL BARON. "At Inst," exclaimed tho long-haired inventor, "I havo ovolved tho greatest practical blessing of the ago!" "Oh, tell mo, ThoophlluB, tell me whnt It Is," begged his wife "A collur button with a llttlo phonograph Inside that will call out when It rolls Into a dark corner under tho dresser: "Here 1 am! Hero I am!'" Cleveland Lender. Its prob- HOU8EHOLD PROBLEMS. "Housekeeping In a small flat has loins." "How now?" "My wlfo Is kicking because she bus to buy 5 cents' worth of Ice to pioserve i cents' worth of milk." LoulBvillo Courlor-Journal. VOLUNTARY. First Grad My wlfo's gone to the West In dies. Second G. Jamaica? First O. No Bho wanted to go. Orange Peel. Overfeeding, Overcrowding and Lack of Fresh Air Cause Much Loss Sell Surplus Stock. (By PROF. A. S. ALEXANDER.) Be careful In handling fowls, par ticularly ducks and geeso. Ducks havo very weak Joints and It alwayB In jures them moro or less to catch them by tho legs. Overfeeding, overcrowding and lack of ventilation cause much loss among amateur poultry keepers. A largo per cent, of tho chicks die and thoso that survlvo aro runty and undersized. Forgottlng to provldo grit causos In digestion and after a while it turns to cholera. v Fall Is the best tlmo of year to pur chase geeso for next year's breeding. Geeso do not mate as readily aa othor fowls and It la therefore advis able to procure them several monthB boforo tho laying season arrlveB. It possible, buy stock that is at least ono year old and mated. Aa a rulo ono should engage the stock somotlmo in tho summer. Havo tho birds shipped after tho weather gets cold. ThlB gives the birds tlmo to got accustomed to their Burround ings. Send all surplus poultry to market as soon as tho fowls are in proper condition. Unloss ono understands tho process of forcing, it is soldom wiso to wait for prices to go up. Cull out tho backward looking pul lets, keeping yonly' the best and most prominent for egg production. Even In cold weather bo vigilant and uso the whitewash pall and bniBh at least onco a week. Tho mltea aro busy A Chicken House Easily and Cheaply Constructed Windows Are Well Ar ranged for Ventilation. taking tho life from the bodies of our best layers and a louse-Infested hen will not lay. Somo people make the mistake of soiling all the good birds and retaining the poor ones. Stop up cracks In walls and doors and do not allow drafts to blow In on the roosts. Top ventilation is tho best, for foul air rlaes and if thero Is an outlet it will escape. Tho ventilator should bo opposite tho end where tho roosts nre. ' When tho snow comes there should bo paths shoveled down to the ground for tho fowls to walk without getting into the drifts. GIvo warm water twice a day and empty the water fountains every night before they freeze. Potato and turnip peelings boiled and mixed with tho morning feed are excellent for laying hens. Sweep up the hayseed and spread on tho floor where tho hens take their sun baths and let them scratch for tho oats, wheat, buckwheat and corn sprinkled there. It will make them busy and warm and make tho egg basket heavier, and the old hens will not grow so far. Regularity is an essential in tho feeding of fowls. Cold wntor tastes good In winter; Just remember that with the chickens, and note how thoy will leave the best food and crowd around iho fountain. Skimmllk has a high value In egg production. Don't waste a bit. Fortunate aro thoy who grow their own feed. Much of tha Imported ground meal or bran Is poor stuff. When you get your own oats and corn ground you know ou are not feeding sawdust. If you have screen ings feed them and count yourself jubt that much abend. But It Is rare ly economy to buy them as much of tho weed seed is worthless and even the grain Is so Imperfectly developed as to'furnlsh little nutrition. If tho hens do not eat with n relish something is wrong It Is up to you to find out whut. and that in bliort order Tho chick once stunted never fully recovers. Weed out the culls even If they must bo sold at what may seem to bo a sacrifice, and by thua getting rid of all but tho best avoid having culls the next year. Let tho turkeyB have somo range, oven when fattening. Feed liberally nil tho grain they will eat three times a jdny, and thoy will lose less flesh in tho llttlo exercise than they would while chafing under confinement. Nover leave a broken egg about the poultry house. Not only will it In duce the egg-eating habit, but It is a breeder of lice. Getting Fertile Eggs. An old hen la not so apt to lay good fertile egg as one that la a yearling. s I met him on the corner whore 1 saw his breath congeal, And ho spoke from furs that coverod him almost from head to heel: "Ah, but this !i lovely weathert Stirs a fellow's blood, you know: If I could I think I'd always havo It ten degrees be low; Tako a cold bath evory' morning, sleep out on tha porch at night Nothing like It It you're anxloui to keep feel In' flt and right." In tho hovels people shivered, c h 1 1 -dren who wore lightly clad Heard tho frosted windows rattle and neglected to be glad, Through the storm the doctors hurried, wearied from long lack of rest, Many a weeping mother vainly clasped a dead babe to her breast: Through the city Death went statklng. striking down thu young and old. And tho gaunt cab horses shivered as they stood out In the cold. I met her In a parlor, where she lolled In luxury; "Ah." sho said, "this Is the season that brings greatest Joy to me; How I love to hear the creaking of the wheels upon the snow; What a Joy theie Is In living when It's ten degrees below I Springtlnie brings Mb fragrant blossoms, but I feel supreme delight When tho wind blows from the northland and the-world Is clothed In white." By the curb an old man tumbled; at his side his shovel lay, And his poor, thin cont was fluttered by the wind that howled. awny; Pallid children crouched where sadnesa could not bo Induced to leave, In the hovels women shivered and forgot all but to grlevo; Through the cltv Death went stalking, madly striking right and left Whero the little, gloomy coal bins of all contents were bereft. CANDID OPINION. Theie are no lamp posts along the Btralght and narrow path. Friendship goes out the window when envy enters tho door. A wise man never pretends to know all about everything. Putting confidence In a cheap man is an expensive experiment Tho happiness that comes over a bar is' always very brief. Since she cannot put her hands In her pockets It is a lucky thing for woman that her back hair needs constant fixing. How, Indeed? "Do you love your papa?" asked tho minister. "Yes, sir." said Willie. "And do you obey him?" "Yes. sir." "And now comes the most Impor tant question of all. Do you honor hlra?" "How can 1 if he is the kind of a man ma tells him ho la every llttlo while?" BLOWING SOME. "Havo you an Ananias club Iu this town?" "Yes, sir. The president of it la a fellow who claims that dur 1 n g the recent Storm hnrn t ti ,. wind blow the blacking from his shoes without doing any other damage to his property." The Disturbing Poet. "Thero Is no death, ' the poet said. "What men call death la on!" sleep: Tim husbund whom you mourn as dead But lies In slumber Bweet and deep " The widow heard the poet speak And wonder jfeemed tc flt; her eyes; A tear dried on her dimpled chook. She sighed some ery soulful sighs. "Not dead? Not dead?" she said at last "Ah. sir. why wll you scare me thusT Tho courts hue thrice within fie past Objocted to divorcing us." Did His Best. , "But why In the world did the poor fellow wish to go ahout barefooted In cold weather? He ought to have known it would cause Ills death" "Somebody once called him an ec centric genius, and he was trying tc make good." Praise. "What," asked tho proud young au thor, "do you think of my new novel?" "1 must admit." replied the heart less critic, "that you afforded the' art ist an opportunity to make snine fin illustrations." Useless Bother. "But haven't you ever saved up any thing for the rainy day?" "No, what'B tho use? I expect to o to Arizona as soon as I And that I'm down and out here."