THE NORTH PLATTE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
ie UlAJldt .
WORKING IN A POULTRY YARD
V.V "W Vj l fivtl ? WT'T-tsW'&wi ( v?Tf Trf m . LM
MAJORITY of experienced aviators bo
llovo tho proposed aeroplane, flight
around tlio world this nummer, while It
will bo a marvelous demonstration of
human progress and efficiency, is novor-
1 theleas feasible. Tho directors of tho
Panama-Puciflc exposition at Snn Fran
cisco aro assured of tho co-operation of
all tho groat nations over whoso terri
tory tho monoplanes and acroplanos
Font after font of endurance must bo
performed by tho aviator who traverses
tho broad American continent, makos
thu frronfr Itlmna fratfn lalnnrl In lulnnrl
of tho North Atlantic, pursues tho well-travoled
air lanes oi uuropo, saieiy passes over tho uieaK
and forbidding wastes of SIborIa, and 'fringes tho
almost uninhabited coast lino of northern Asia
and Alaska. t
Hut each of these foats has been exceeded al
ready In tho air rocorda now on the books. Now
all that 1h needed Is tho combination of them. Tho
performance of ono great air Journey after an
othor means luck, onormous luck, to a greater do
groo than In almost any sporting contest ever
Sovoral aviators have signified their Intention of
entoring. They nro willing to take tho risks.
They aro not actuated by tho desire for gold, for
ovon tho successful contender, who will win tho
$150,000 first prize and also the $50,000 offered by
Lord Northcllffo for tho first crossing of the At
lantlc, will llnd his $200,000 and porhaps moro
oaten up by tho oxpoiiHes of.hla undertaking.
It Is qultd cortain, howeVor; that plenty of men
of largo fortunes and sporting proclivities will bo
found to flnnnco this poorless air event
Tho eyes of tho world will bo upon tho brave
contondors, oven moro than they wero upon the
pionoor nviatlon racers in that llrst meet at
IUiolms In 1908.
Tho attontlon of tho close students of tho race
Ih centorod upon the problem of tho Atlantic.
Aftor passing duo cast from flan FranclHco across
tho SlorraB, through Iteno, Nov.; Cheyenno, Wyo.:
Knusas City, St. Louis and Now York, tho avia
tors will coast along tho seaboard to Belle Isle,
between Newfoundland nnd Labrador, Hero tho
flight acroBB the Atlantic will begin Tho flyers
will probably head for Cape Farewell, Greenland,
010 miles away. From Capo Farewell to Iceland
tho distance Ih 070 miles, and from Iceland to
Btornaway, In the Hebrides, is 570 miles.
Throo onormous leaps CIO, G70 and 570 miles.
None of thorn Insurmountable In Itself. Hut to hit
tho bull'soyo three times in succession there's
Then thoso seas aro not alwayslas hospltablo an
tho Mediterranean, which Roland Gurroa has now
crossed twlco. Thero are fog and wind and rocky
But if a row of warships patrol the course,
lont by tholr governments In tho Interests of scl
enco and human progress, the risk will not be
greater (for Instance) than that taken by tho late
John D, MolBsant when ho sot off In an untried
machlno with a fpg In his face to fly from Pari
to London at a llmo when tho channel crossing
alone was considered almost a miracle
Compared with the Atlantic crossing, too, tho
rest of tho Journey Booms fairly simple. '
Tho proposed route Is by way of Edinburgh.
Tendon, Paris, Berlin, Warsaw, St Petersburg,
Moscow and tho Trans-Siberian railway to Man
churia and then Bouth to Vladivostok The next
lap tnkes tho aviator across tho sea to Coreu.
Ho must then ctosb tho .Japan sea to Kobe and
Tokyo, turn north to Kamchatka and travel along
tho coast either to East cupe or to the Aloutlnu
JulandH, Tho distance between the two continents
hero varies from 30 to 200 miles From Alaska
tho course will bo southward .to Vancouver, Seat
tle, and homo to San FrunclBoo
Tho aviators who heBltate about pronouncing
tho Journey possible In the present stage of their
are calling attontlon to the distance 2&.000 miles.
The successful flyer must travel an average of
more than 200 miles a day for four months Will
Jt be possible to accompllnh the trip In tho fow
months of founimor of tho Northern regions
through parts of which tho course lies? Vedrlnes
whh llvo weeks in doing tho 3,500 miles from Paris
to the pyrumlds, fljlng at(nn average of only 100
This oxplalns clearly how greatly the proposed
Journey would outdo anj thing jet accomplished.
Besides tho notable flights already mentioned,
Oscar llldor hus flown over practically every high
mountain iu Europe, QnrroH has made a flight
from Marseilles to Paris without stopping; Ilrlndo
Jonc dos Moullnals has toured the cupltals of
Europe, and two besides Vedrlnea Have reached
Egypt from France. Yet theso Journeys pale be
foro tho dlfllcultleB of tho race around the globo.
It Is to bo noted, however, that tho history of
aviation Is ono BiicceBalon of surprises. Scarcely
anything of Importance, accomplished has not
boon called Impossible beforehand Aviators
havo dono bo much that one hesitates to doubt
tholr ability to do anything
Special aeroplanes will be constructed for tho
race. Theso will probably bo swift, but not built
for tho maximum spoed. They will moke Bay, 00
biIIuh an hour. Reliability will bo tho object
There will be accommodations for two men, both
pilots, who will rellovo each othor at the tiller.
A largo supply of fuel and oil must bo carried It
will bo a splendid test for tho machlno builders,
and moBt of tho factories on both sides of the At
lantic are expected to bo In the Hold.
In tho Uulted States tho following constructors
have tentatively signified tholr willingness to
build a 'round tho woild piano: Glonn II. Curtisa
of Hammondsport. N. Y.;' Orvlllo Wright of Day
ton, O.; W. Starling Burgoss of Marblohoad,
Mass.; Thomas BenolBt of St. Louis, Emilo Bor
liner of WnBhlngton, D. C; tho Holnrlch Brothora
of Baldwin, L. I; John E. Sloano of New York city,
Edlton F. Oallaudot of Norwich, Conn., and Ingles
Uppcrcu of Now York city.
There aro now 7,000 licensed aviators In tho
world. Out of this field there must be sovoral
hundred who would nttompt the proposed flight
If the financial backing wero forthcoming Tho
llrst man In America to got In his entry was Beck
with Havens. Capt. Muthow A. Batson of Savan
nah, Ga , a former army ofllcor, who is tho Inven
tor of n flying boat, announces ho will enter tho
race. Lincoln Beachey will also compoto. From
abroad come many expressions showing enthusi
asm for tho raco.
Tho tlmo boforo tho start 1b short, however, By
May 1, fow could have tholr machinoa in rea'dlneaa
at tho Uoldeu Gato. Claudo Grahamo-Whlte, the
noted English aviator, thinks tho exposition offi
cials should take oft tho tlmo limit entirely. Ho
thinks tho trip nround tho globo cannot bo made
this summer, but might bo accomplished In 1316.
"They (tho exposition ofllcials) might as well
offer $10,000,000. It Is as aafo as In tho Bank of
England If tho offer Is to bo withdrawn at tho
end of 1015. 1 do not bellovo you would have tlmo
now to get a machlno ready even If you worked
day and night.
"I think It would need to be a comparatively
slow machine for tho race, that Is, ono doing 60
miles an hour. I certainly would not havo a mono
plnne, for I do not think monoplane construction
lends ltBelf to a big weight-lifting machine "
The I.omlqn Dally Mall, Lord Northcllffo'H nows
papor, doubts that the feat can be accomplished.
"Tho exhibition committoo's offor indicates re
marknblo confidence In tho future of aircraft,
though there Is llttlo prospect of thu foat being
accomplished by tho proposed date But It la
merely a question of tlmo beforo an airman puta
a glrdlo nround tho world."
"They can count mo In, provided oceanB are
ollmlnatod, as In thu-cuso of an automobile trip,
nnd othor conditions nro decently fair I am an
aviator who will not attempt the Impossible. I am
positive thut no englno todny could stand the
wholo Journey. Without having to fly across the
oceaus, I bollevo I could accomplish the feat with
ono engine, provldod I wero ullowed to repair it"
Capt. Thomas Baldwin, a vetorau of tho balloon
field before ho took up aoroplauea, said tho great
est difficulty would be to
cross tho Atlantic ocean, and
for this trip special machines
with arrangements to carry
provisions and fuel for 20
hours at least must bo con
structed. "Except for tho flight
across tho Atlantic," said
Captain Baldwin, "the race
will not be dlfllcult I figure
that the aviators will havo to
travel 28,000 miles. Of courso
it will bo necessary for two
pilots to travel In each ma
chine so that they can rellovo
"Motors now are made ao
that they nro fairly reliable,
and the trips across the water
for stretches of 500 or COO
miles may be accomplished
with comparative ease. Tho
trip by land over Europe and
Asia will be made without
great difficulty, and arrange
ments for crossing t,he Bering
strait will Insure success for
that stage of tho Journey."
Tho exposition officials ex
pect to have at least $300,000 to offer In prizes.
The llrst prize will probably be $150,000, although
It may bo $100,000 or $200,000. Tho raco will be
under tho supervision of an International commis
sion consisting of men from all tho countries on
tho route of tho raco. The commission will bo
scientific and advisory, and Its duties will bo to
suggest the route and offor counsel ou geographic,
motoorologlc and scientific problems.
Tho commission will bo named by tho president
of the United States, tho king of Great Britain,
tho president of 'France, the German emperor,
tho emperor of Russia, tho emperor of Japan, and
tho premier of British Columbia. An International
fleet will bo organised. Japan and tho United
States will bo asked to patrol the Pacific ocean
course with scout cruisers, and the United States,
England nnd Franco to establish tho same sort of
n guard in tho Atlantic. Russia will bo requested
to distribute troops over tho desolate wastes of
Siberia and Manchuria.
TALKED TO DEATH.
The toastmaBter was In despair. Looking down
tho table ho saw a friend, un Irishman, noted for
IiIb wit, and he thought that he might help. He
called ou him. With duo solemnity the Irishman
"I cannot sny what I want to say," ho began
with "for we nro ull limited to five minutes. So
I will tell you of an Irishman who came to this
country. He wroto homo telling of things horo,
and rocounted that no longer wero men put to
death In this country by being hangod. 'Tho way
they kill 'em hero,' ho wrote, 'Is by elocution.' "
Raleigh News and Observer.
A REAL BARON.
"At Inst," exclaimed tho long-haired inventor,
"I havo ovolved tho greatest practical blessing
of the ago!"
"Oh, tell mo, ThoophlluB, tell me whnt It Is,"
begged his wife
"A collur button with a llttlo phonograph Inside
that will call out when It rolls Into a dark corner
under tho dresser: "Here 1 am! Hero I am!'"
"Housekeeping In a small flat has
"My wlfo Is kicking because she bus to buy 5
cents' worth of Ice to pioserve i cents' worth of
milk." LoulBvillo Courlor-Journal.
First Grad My wlfo's gone to the West In
dies. Second G. Jamaica?
First O. No Bho wanted to go. Orange Peel.
Overfeeding, Overcrowding and Lack
of Fresh Air Cause Much Loss
Sell Surplus Stock.
(By PROF. A. S. ALEXANDER.)
Be careful In handling fowls, par
ticularly ducks and geeso. Ducks havo
very weak Joints and It alwayB In
jures them moro or less to catch them
by tho legs.
Overfeeding, overcrowding and lack
of ventilation cause much loss among
amateur poultry keepers. A largo per
cent, of tho chicks die and thoso that
survlvo aro runty and undersized.
Forgottlng to provldo grit causos In
digestion and after a while it turns
to cholera. v
Fall Is the best tlmo of year to pur
chase geeso for next year's breeding.
Geeso do not mate as readily aa
othor fowls and It la therefore advis
able to procure them several monthB
boforo tho laying season arrlveB. It
possible, buy stock that is at least
ono year old and mated.
Aa a rulo ono should engage the
stock somotlmo in tho summer. Havo
tho birds shipped after tho weather
gets cold. ThlB gives the birds tlmo
to got accustomed to their Burround
ings. Send all surplus poultry to market
as soon as tho fowls are in proper
Unloss ono understands tho process
of forcing, it is soldom wiso to wait
for prices to go up.
Cull out tho backward looking pul
lets, keeping yonly' the best and most
prominent for egg production.
Even In cold weather bo vigilant and
uso the whitewash pall and bniBh at
least onco a week. Tho mltea aro busy
A Chicken House Easily and Cheaply
Constructed Windows Are Well Ar
ranged for Ventilation.
taking tho life from the bodies of our
best layers and a louse-Infested hen
will not lay.
Somo people make the mistake of
soiling all the good birds and retaining
the poor ones.
Stop up cracks In walls and doors
and do not allow drafts to blow In on
the roosts. Top ventilation is tho
best, for foul air rlaes and if thero
Is an outlet it will escape.
Tho ventilator should bo opposite
tho end where tho roosts nre. '
When tho snow comes there should
bo paths shoveled down to the ground
for tho fowls to walk without getting
into the drifts.
GIvo warm water twice a day and
empty the water fountains every
night before they freeze.
Potato and turnip peelings boiled
and mixed with tho morning feed are
excellent for laying hens.
Sweep up the hayseed and spread
on tho floor where tho hens take their
sun baths and let them scratch for
tho oats, wheat, buckwheat and corn
sprinkled there. It will make them
busy and warm and make tho egg
basket heavier, and the old hens will
not grow so far. Regularity is an
essential in tho feeding of fowls.
Cold wntor tastes good In winter;
Just remember that with the chickens,
and note how thoy will leave the best
food and crowd around iho fountain.
Skimmllk has a high value In egg
production. Don't waste a bit.
Fortunate aro thoy who grow their
own feed. Much of tha Imported
ground meal or bran Is poor stuff.
When you get your own oats and
corn ground you know ou are not
feeding sawdust. If you have screen
ings feed them and count yourself
jubt that much abend. But It Is rare
ly economy to buy them as much of
tho weed seed is worthless and even
the grain Is so Imperfectly developed
as to'furnlsh little nutrition.
If tho hens do not eat with n relish
something is wrong It Is up to you
to find out whut. and that in bliort
Tho chick once stunted never fully
Weed out the culls even If they
must bo sold at what may seem to bo
a sacrifice, and by thua getting rid of
all but tho best avoid having culls the
Let tho turkeyB have somo range,
oven when fattening. Feed liberally
nil tho grain they will eat three times
a jdny, and thoy will lose less flesh in
tho llttlo exercise than they would
while chafing under confinement.
Nover leave a broken egg about the
poultry house. Not only will it In
duce the egg-eating habit, but It is
a breeder of lice.
Getting Fertile Eggs.
An old hen la not so apt to lay good
fertile egg as one that la a yearling.
I met him on the
corner whore 1
saw his breath
And ho spoke from
furs that coverod
him almost from
head to heel:
"Ah, but this !i
Stirs a fellow's
blood, you know:
If I could I think
I'd always havo
It ten degrees be
low; Tako a cold bath
sleep out on tha
porch at night
Nothing like It It
to keep feel In'
flt and right."
In tho hovels people
shivered, c h 1 1 -dren
Heard tho frosted
and neglected to be glad,
Through the storm the doctors hurried,
wearied from long lack of rest,
Many a weeping mother vainly clasped a
dead babe to her breast:
Through the city Death went statklng.
striking down thu young and old.
And tho gaunt cab horses shivered as
they stood out In the cold.
I met her In a parlor, where she lolled In
"Ah." sho said, "this Is the season that
brings greatest Joy to me;
How I love to hear the creaking of the
wheels upon the snow;
What a Joy theie Is In living when It's
ten degrees below I
Springtlnie brings Mb fragrant blossoms,
but I feel supreme delight
When tho wind blows from the northland
and the-world Is clothed In white."
By the curb an old man tumbled; at his
side his shovel lay,
And his poor, thin cont was fluttered by
the wind that howled. awny;
Pallid children crouched where sadnesa
could not bo Induced to leave,
In the hovels women shivered and forgot
all but to grlevo;
Through the cltv Death went stalking,
madly striking right and left
Whero the little, gloomy coal bins of all
contents were bereft.
Theie are no lamp posts along the
Btralght and narrow path.
Friendship goes out the window
when envy enters tho door.
A wise man never pretends to know
all about everything.
Putting confidence In a cheap man
is an expensive experiment
Tho happiness that comes over a
bar is' always very brief.
Since she cannot put her hands In
her pockets It is a lucky thing for
woman that her back hair needs
"Do you love your papa?" asked tho
"Yes, sir." said Willie.
"And do you obey him?"
"And now comes the most Impor
tant question of all. Do you honor
"How can 1 if he is the kind of a
man ma tells him ho la every llttlo
"Havo you an
Ananias club Iu
"Yes, sir. The
president of it la
a fellow who
claims that dur
1 n g the recent
Storm hnrn t ti ,.
wind blow the blacking from his shoes
without doing any other damage to
The Disturbing Poet.
"Thero Is no death, ' the poet said.
"What men call death la on!" sleep:
Tim husbund whom you mourn as dead
But lies In slumber Bweet and deep "
The widow heard the poet speak
And wonder jfeemed tc flt; her eyes;
A tear dried on her dimpled chook.
She sighed some ery soulful sighs.
"Not dead? Not dead?" she said at last
"Ah. sir. why wll you scare me thusT
Tho courts hue thrice within fie past
Objocted to divorcing us."
Did His Best. ,
"But why In the world did the poor
fellow wish to go ahout barefooted In
cold weather? He ought to have known
it would cause Ills death"
"Somebody once called him an ec
centric genius, and he was trying tc
"What," asked tho proud young au
thor, "do you think of my new novel?"
"1 must admit." replied the heart
less critic, "that you afforded the' art
ist an opportunity to make snine fin
"But haven't you ever saved up any
thing for the rainy day?"
"No, what'B tho use? I expect to
o to Arizona as soon as I And that
I'm down and out here."
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