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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRA8KA.
I-' i I u GERMANS HAVE CAPTURED THE G1TY OF LIEGE Belgian Staff Officers and Gunners Watch Entrance From Charred Forest De stroyed in Fighting. CALLS THE CENSORSHIP ONE-SIDED German-American Commerce of New York Protests to President Wilson British Fleet Repulses Blow of Submarines American Government in Communication With All Its European Embassies and Legations. parts of tho continent For many days the slato depart ment had been unable to communicate with Ambassador Gerard at Berlin, but communication was established through Copenhagen. Mr. Uryan at once telegraphed Inquiring about Archer M. Huntington, president of tho American Geographical society, and other Americans reported arrest ed ns spies. Oiriclal dispatches revealed that many Americans had been arrested or temporarily detained in Gormany merely on suspicion, and that at tho first outbreak of hostilities and dur ing tho mobilization period persons who talked English were under espion age, Ono dispatch said that many Americans wero thought to be acting suspiciously because thoy displayed cameras and were taking pictures. Brussels The Germans have enter-J Calls Censorship One-Sided, cd the city Liege und have occupied Washington, D. C President Wil tho town. i ' I son has received from the German- The occupation was carried out do-. American Chamber of Commerce of corously, General von ICtnmlch, com- vw York tho following protest ngaliiBt mander of tho Gorman army on Nous, nnvai censorship of German wireless having been warned from Berlin ' utations, whllo English nnd French Attack on British Fleet. London. Tho admiralty has an nounced that ono of tho cruiser squadrons of tho main, licet was at tacked by Gcrmnn submarinas. Nono of tho British ships was damaged. Ono Gorman submarine was eunk. No de tails were given ns to the place at which the light occurrod. Tho submarliio sunk by the British fleet was the U-15, which was built In 1012 and displaced 300 tons. It car ried a crew of twelve men. against allowing his men to commit excesses. Tho troops, headed by regiments of cavalry, approached tho town along GERMAN CROWN PRINCE jsam0' w cables are freo and uncensorcd: "The cable to Germany has been cut and tho wireless stations at Say- vlllo, I,. I., and Tuckorton, N. J., aro under control of consors. "On tho other hand, French nnd English cables aro In operation and not under consorshlp. To tho best of our bellef and Information, Instruc tions and news of movements of Gor man ships aro cabled from here to Er.g'nnd and Franco and then wire lessed to English, French nnd Rus sian men of wnr. "At tho same tlmo these cables nre freely used to dlsseniinato in tho United States, and from hero to other parts of tho world, false reports and exaggerations which influonce pub lic opinion against Germany and tend to humiliate her In tho cyo3 of the world. Germany Is defenseless, as sho Is practically Incommunicado. "Aro not these facts infringements on tho neutrality declared by tho United Stntes, and should not these cables also bo put under strict censorship?" Auctrlans Capture City. St. Petersburg The town of Andre Jew, KiiBsian Poland, and tho customs station at Radzlvolov in tho province of Volhynln, near the Austrian frontier, have been occupied by tho Austriuns. A detachment of Austrian troops was repulsed from tho village of Lcsenlvolf. Acordlng to news reaching hero tho German warships Gocbcn nnd Breslau have passed Greece, apparently going toward tho Dardanelles. Rich Britons Try to Corner Food. London. Waller Ruuciman, secre tary of agriculture, introduced a bill into tho Houso of Commons giving tho British government power to seise all tho food stuffs. The bill passed through all Its stages. Mr. Uunciman said his reason for Introducing tho bill was what lie termed tho "greed of wealthy people, who with a long lino of automobiles had disgraced themselves by corner ing the large stocks of provisions and causing great suffering among the poorer classes." Italy to Remain Neutral. Home, via Paris. Tho German gov eminent is using its utmost efforts to bring about a chango In Italy's atti- SLAVS RETURNING TO FIGHT FOR SERV8A tho majn eastern roads through masses of charred timber marking tho site of ,a destroyed forost, and passed between Forte do Chaudfontalno and Do VIgno, where tho Belgian staff of llcors and nblo gunners assembled to watch tho strango procession of Ger mans who rodot hrough tho principal streets, and tho general summoned tho burgoniaator to tho town hall. Somo prominent citizens wore cr rested and confined in the old cltndol In tho center of tho city for a short time, ns hostagem. Ocnoral von Emmlch know tho clta del was under flro of tho forts and thUB guaranteed tho safoty of his own gunr.oru who wore placed thoro with field Krupps to overawe tho inhabit tints. They also placed flold nrtillory and machlno guns in Bomo public squares, whero tho troops out Touched thoniBolves. v Soon after tiio ocupatlon guns and Infantry regiments covered tho roads to tho westward. Tho troops wore billeted In schools nnd other public buildings, but not In private houaos. Tho Gorman soldiers, moreover, wore ordered to pay for all purchases. In thoso shops which remained open thero could bo soon tho spectacle of soldiers tendering marks for francB and mookly ncoptlng chango. Inhabitants Remain In Hiding. Most of tho Inhabitants romnlned in cellars and other sholtorB during tho entry of tho onemy, but camo out very soon aftor In Increasing numbers on finding that General von Emmlch had prevented a wholosalo pillage, Tho civil guard, which fought nobly In tho dofonso of tho town, obeyod tho burgomaster's proclamation order ing them to surrender their arms. General von Emmlch's first uct was to issuo a proclamation Baying that civilians had firud on lite troops, and threatened to doBtroy tho town with his nrtillory If this woro ropoated. Tho town prosonted n picture In which war and peaco wero strangely menueu, uavairy remounts wero tothered in clrclos In somo of the Bquares. The Placo Lambert waB filled with camp kltchons und army cooks wero stirring boiling soup for tho famished soldiers, whllo tho children of tho town looked on in wondormont. Piles of bodies waiting for Identifica tion lay under apruads in tho laco Marcho. M MOW S D Wife of the President Is Laid to Rest at Rome, Ga. SERVICES IN WHITE HOUSE Funeral Services Conducted by Rev. Sylvester Beach Are Attended by Cabinet and Congressional Com mittees Sketch of Her Life. Washington, Aug. 11. Mrs. Wood row Wilson, wlfo of tho president of tho United States, wob laid to rest this afternoon in beautiful Myrtle 41111 cem etery at Itomo, Ga., tho town in which much of her girlhood wns spent nnd whero her father and mother aro buried. Tho special train from Washington bearing tho family, intimate friends, members of tho president's cabinet and committees from tho houso nnd senate, reached Itomo about two about two o'clock nnd tho casket was taken at onco to tho cemetery. Tho brief services at the grave were at tended by nearly tho entire population of Itome, for very many of tho citizens had known and loved Mrs. Wilson In nor young days. Tho train departed for Washington ooon after tho conclusion of tho serv ices. Funeral Services In White House. Tho funeral services for Mrs. Wil son were held at two o'clock Monday afternoon nt tho White House, In the historic east room whero only a fow months ago she witnessed tho wed ding of her daughter Jesslo and Fran- German Diplomat Calls It Skirmish. Hanlol von Halmhauson, counselor nnd chnrgo of tho Gorman ombaasy, has told Secretary Bryan that ho had boon cut off from nil communica tion with his povemmoBt for nearly n weok nnd that all eoffrts to com municate with Rurlln Jmd been bnflled. His government has not acknowledged receipt of tho United StnteB mediation proposal, ho said. "All newH of this war Is coming from London and Paris and Brussels, ?o It Is likely to bo highly nntl-Goi- uinn. Bald tho couiiBolor. "I do not regard tho fighting at Liego as any thing moro than ii skirmish, prepara tory to tho actual lighting which will tako placo later. It certainly can not bo looked upon as a German re pulse. "We have absolutely no dlspatchos confirming tho reports of theso en gagements. I bollovo the American pooplo would bo glad to hour tho Ger man sldo of tho wnr." Communication Rrnewed. Washington.--Secretary Bryan has announced that tho American govern ment now v was In comunlcatlon with all its European embassies and lega tions, and that overy orfoita was be ing made to care for Americans In all tudo In tho present European situa tion. Direct apeals havo even been mado to King Victor Emmanuel, but In vain. It Is asserted that Italy, having declared its neutrality, Intends to maintain It, Italy's position as a member of tho triple allianco, und thereforo an ally of Gormany under certain condition's, bus been discussed In ovory phiso, and tho geuoral concensus of opinion acomB to bo that the Italian people would never permit an act of hostility agaliiBt Franco and Great Brltniu. Becausu Italy Ms neutral all manl- fo3tut!onB for or against tho belliger ents aro being rcgorously repressed. Yet ovorywhero spontaneous out bursts of enthusiasm for Franco havo occurred. In Homo there havo been frequent cries of "Long 11 vo Franco! 1ong llvo our Latin brothers!" and tho "MnrBolllalBe" Is being sung in tho streets. Tho French embassy hero and tho French consulato In other cities of Italy aro dally receiving offers from uion who wish to Join tho French forces. Tho American legation at Copon hagon is sv.umpod by hundreds of Americans arriving from Germany, loavlng tholr baggago in thoir haste to get away from tho war zono. To Arrange Transfer of City. ' Mexico City. MInlBtor of War Ve lasco has lasuod a proclamation, say ing that tho fodoral urmy will evacu ute tho capital ns soon as guarantees for tho fodornlBand inhabitants of tho city nro given, by aonernl Carran zu. Tho fodoral troops will then re tire to somo ndarby point to uwalt tho orders of the now government. Felipe Contreras, a ((elogato from the lujadqtiartorB of Gonoral Zapata, Iiub arranged an armistice between Zapata nnd resident Carbnjal, In the meantime tho government will be un der tho protection of tho 11,000 gen darmes now stationed here. Americans Safe In Denmark. Coponlngon, Denmark Both tho Amrloan lejcutlou and consulato gen eral aro open day and night. Tho Esbjorg-Hurwlck lino of steam ers has rosumed operation, thereby nr. fording n moans of dopaituro for Am ericans. Tho British goTornmont will convoy tho boutB ucrosB tho North Sea. Among tho prominent Americans who ' havo registered with tho Amer ican legation and consulnto general tiro Isaac Oliver Uphnm of San Fran cisco, who is completing u trip around tho world. Enthusiasm In Dublin, Dublin. Thero was a groat do mouEtiation hero over tho British regiments which aro entrained for active service. Uosorvlsts who wero Btartlng for England woro oscortod to tho station by nationalists volunteer with bands of music Mrs. Wcodrow Wilson. els B. Sayro. Rev. Sylvester Beach, who married both Mrs. Sayro and Mrs. McAdoo, ofilciated, being assisted by Bev. James M. Taylor, pastor of tho Central Presbyterian church of Wash ington. Though tho services woro private, tho members of thocablnet and com mittees from thd senate and houso at tended, and a number of intimate friends of tho Wilson family also wero present. Banked about the casket wero nu merous beautiful floral tributes, sent not only by ofllclnls and wealthy per sons, but by tho poor and humble, who loved and revered the president's wife. Throughout Washington as through out tho nation, all flags wore nt half mast and tho general mounting was evidently deep and sincere. Death of Mrs. Wilson. Mrs. Wils'-n died at tho Whlto Houso at tho o'clock Thursday aftor noon. Death camo nfter a bravo strug glo of months against Bright's dis ease with complications. Tho prosldent was almoBt unnerved by tho shock, and his grief was heart rending. Ho boro up well under the strain, however, and devoted himself to his daughters. Tho end camo when Mrs. Wilson was unconscious. Her Illness took a turnod for tho worse shortly before ono o'clock In tho afternoon, and from then or sho grow graduully weaker. Four Kneel at Bedoldu. Kneeling at tho bedsido at tho end woro tho president nnd their three daughters, Dr. Cnry T. GrayBon, U. S N., and n nurse woro in tho room and Juat outsldo a door woro Secretary McAdoo and Francl3 B. Sayre, Mr. Wilson's son-in-law, and Mr. Tumulty, his eccrotary. Both houses of congress adjourned whon Mrs. Wilson's death was an nounced und for a briof tlmo the whools practically stopped, whllo ovory ono paid respect to tho loss of tho prosldent. Precldent ta Told. Ho took tho prostdout Into the red room of tho Whlto House, and thero, In n brokon voico, icld him tho truth. Sir. Wllson'n faco blanched, but ho boro the shock well. Ho was Informed tho end was only a question of hours. Mr. Wilson then took his daugh ters, Mrs. W. G. McAdoo, Mrs. Sayro, and Miss Margaret Wilson aside and told them of their mother's condition., Until then they had thought theroj was a chnnco for her recovery. From that Ume on tho president and! hio daughters remained constantly at) Mrs. Wilson's bedside. Tho presU dent held his wifo's hand and tho throe daughters wero grouped near, by. Until sho became unconscious' Mrs. Wilson frequently nodded to one or tho other and smiled cheerfully. During tho day Mrs. Wilson spoko to Doctor Groyson about tho president, whoso health sho thought moro about than sho did of her own. Voices Old Devotion. "Promlso me," sho whispered, faint ly, "that if I go you will tako caro of my husband." It was tho same touch of devo tion which sho had so many times re peated her constant anxiety having been that tho president might not woro about her or bo disturbed in his official tasks. By one o'clock Mrs. Wilson began to sink rapidly. Sho could still rec ognlzo thoso about her, however, and looked cheerfully toward them with tho same sweet smile that will linger long In the memory of tho many who knew her. It was a characteristic ex pression of sweetness which officials and their families, as well as people In tho slums whom she had befriend ed and learned to love. At two o'clock Mrs. Wilson waa still coiibcIous, but her strength had almost departed, and a few minutes later she sank Into the sleep of uncon sciousness from which she never woke. Did Not Speak Again. For three hours, the president and his three duughters gazed longingly Into her eye3 in tho hope that sho might speak to them again, but she could not. Tho but. was casting its long shadows from the Potomac to tho south grounds coloring the foun tains, gardens and elms. There was a hushed stillness In tho upper apartments. All eyes were truned toward tho southwest corner of Uio house. Just at the hour of five death came. Tho president und his daughters wero in tears. Secretary Tumulty walked slowly to tho executive &:uces, his head bowed. Quietly he announced to tho correspondents that tho end had come. Members of tho cabinet, justices of tho Suproino court, members of the, diplomatic corps, telephoned tholr con dolences nndscnt cards. From many humble homes camo flowers, as Mrs. Wilson had made many friends In tho slums and city generally, in her en deavor to help tho friendless and poverty-stricken. Was a Southerner by Birth. Mrs. Woodrow Wilson was born In Savannah, Ga., the daughter of Rev. Samuel Edward and Mrs. Margaret Jano Axson. Her maiden name was Ellen Louise Axson. She was educated by her parents and was graduated from Shorter college in Borne, Ga. Her father was the pastor of tho Presby terian church in Rome. Early in life bIio had given promis ing indications of artistic ability, and sho went to New York city nnd studied at the Art Students' league, where her work attracted attention and admira tion. In 1885 Thomas Woodrow Wilson, thon a young lawyer, and long a friend of the Axsons, went to Now York and took Miss Axson back South with him. They wero married In tho parsonage of tho Independent Presby terian church at Savannah, wheref Mrs. Wilson was born. Mrs. Wilson waB never socially in clined. Tho Wilsons always havo lived simply, without flourish. Mrs. Wilson insisted, after sho becamo tho first lady in the land, that It was possible for her to dress In keeping with tho high position which she held on $1,000 a year. Sho always designed her own drosses and those of hor threo daugh ters. Kept Up Her Painting. During all of her married lifo Mrs Wilson found time to continue at her painting. She deslgnod tho famous gar dens which surrounded the president s residence at Princeton and furnished plans for the houso Itself. But mostly sho painted landscapes. Sho had n studio fitted up In tho attlo of tho Whlto Houso and often worked thero. Two of Mrs. Wilson's recent paintings, "An Old Wagon Road" and "Near Princeton, N. J.," wero hung in the Vandorbllt gallery during the last academy exhibit and rocolved pralso from the country's leading art critics. Iter canvasses aro in tho Art Institute, Chicago, In Now York, Philadelphia and Indianapolis. But whllo alwnys attracted toward art. philanthropy was her hobby - Shortly aftor going to Washington Mrs. Wilson began a study of condl tlons in tho poorer districts. Slum ming parties wero conducted nnd It was not long before a chango for the bettor becamo evident. Mrs. Wilson wns a moiaber of many clubs and societies but always denied she was a "clubwoman." In nil civic movements sho took an nctlvo part, being president of tho soman's de partment of tho Natlonnl Civic asso ciation. Roared in n religious atmosphero, Mrs. Wilson was always intensely re ligious. Perhaps tho most striking example of Mrs. Wilson's simplicity and dls llko for society nnd social functions was tho nbandonlng of tho Inaugural ball and other semi-public affairs which had boon considered part of tho oblI gatlons of a president's wife. RAIL RATES LOWER CTATE COMMISSION REDUCES ALL CLASS RATES. DECREASE OF 19 PER CENT People Will Fay $611,000 Annually of Freight Traffic With In the State. Lincoln. After seven years of in vestigation, research, conferences and litigation the state railway commis sion haB announced its now class freight rato schedule. The new sched ule reduces tho claBS rates on intra state traffic nineteen por cent. A careful compilation prepared by Rnto Expert Powell, shows that tho re duction on Intrastate traffic will ag gregate $G11,000 annually. There will uIeo bo a substantial reduction In the lntorstato rates, the amount of which it Is impossible to etlmate, but it is probable that tho total reduction will approximate $750,000 annually. Tho new schedule Is a distance tariff. The jobbing towns of tho state arc placed upon an equalized busls, tho purpose of the commission being to preserve present commercial condi tions so far as It is possible to do so without continuing present Inequa lity or nbuses. Tho rates apply to that part of the traffic which moves under tho classification and cover about tern thousand items, including all merch andlce, groceries, agricultural Imple ments and many manufactured pro ducts'. Tho tonnngo affected Is about fifteen per cent of the total Intrastate traffic, but tho earnings from thlB. class amount to about thirty per cent of the whole. Cabinet Making At Penitentiary. Warden Fenton of t'.io state peni tentiary Is proud of tho "Inside cabinet makers. Ho is- arranging: through tho state board of control to furnish the carpenter shop with turn ing lathes band saws, corner finishers, and other tools of tho cabinet maker's art. Though tho warden .ia3 no In tention of flooding the market with prison made furniture ho thinks that tho past performance of his cabinet making brigade justifies tho purchase of moro tools. It Is expected that fur niture for state institutions at Mil ford, Geneva and other places will be made at the prison and that a con siderable saving to the state will re sult Tho prison shop Is expected to turn out a quantity of new furniture for tho state orthopedic hospital at Lincoln. With inadequate faculties; and cramped quarters tho cabinet making squad of the prison, under command of Convict Snow Ins suc ceeded In turning out new tables anil attached chairs for the new dining room which aro models of tho furni turo making art. Tho oak tops are Gtained and varnished carefully and nil parts of tho tables are carefully made. Live Stock Breeders Issue Directory. Members of tho executive commit tee of tho Improved Live Stock Breed ers' association have decided to issue, a directory this fall which will give an abundance of informaton of im portance to tho industry of this state. The action was taken at a meeting called by J. A. Otis, a well known stock man. "It Is probablo that wo cannot get nt the work until after the state fair,' said Mr. Otis, "but It will bo under taken with vim after that time. Af fairs so far as our organization ia concerned aro flourishing and wo be lieve that from all angles tho outlook for the future of puro bred stock: activity was never better." Arc Against Removal. Count of tho university alumni votes on the location of tho Otato Uni versity havo been completed. The re sult was as fojlows: For removal, 1,242; for extension on. present campus, 1,384. Of tho total of 4,000 ballots sent out, 2.G48 wero returned. Analyzed vote was as fol lows: For removal, 5G5 living outside state, 144 In Lincoln, 171 in Omaha, and 3G2 In Nebraska outside of Lin coln and Omaha. Against removal, 513 living outside, state, 375 in Lincoln, 47 in Omaha and 440 In the state outside Lincoln, nnd Omaha. Wants Other States To Join. Development of tho newly acquired ritlo range at Ashland to a point whero it will be used by North and South Dakota, Wyoming and other nearby states Is tho goal aimed at by General P. L. Hall, jr., and his mili tary aides. Affairs are being shaped toward that end at the present time. It Is believed that noxt year national guard organizations of more than one slBter stato will bo hero In force to camp on the range. Talked to the Convicts. Mrs. "Maud Balllngton Booth, wtfe of tho organizer of the Volunteers of America nnd herself noted as tho nctlvo powor that brought 70,000 pris oners under tho banner of prison re form league, spoko before the 350 in mates of tho Nebraska prison recent ly. It was not a speech, neither was it a sermon. It waB a direct motherly talk to "my boys." The proceeds from her lectures aro given to the upbuild ing of tho reform leaguo of which sho ts a leader.