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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
Hi THE IllEILffiiT 3 SHERRILL'S PAN-AMERICANISM lj jjjj OMETHING more than a scoro of years ago Jnracs 0. Dlalno resigned his position as socro tary of stato In tho cabtnot of President Harrison. Ho was succeeded by Q'on. John W. Fos- ter. A fow months ano William J. Bryan resigned his position tea Bocrotary of stato In tho cabin ot of President "Wilson. Ho was succeeded by Robert Lansing. Theso two Btatemonts of fact aro put together bocauso It may bo Justified by tho human Inter est which sooma to oxlst In the fact that John W. Ppster la tho father-in-law of Robert Lansing. It Ib probablo that no two men more entirely different In tomporamont and In manifestations thereof ovor existed than William J. Bryan and his successor In oltlce, Robort Lansing. Mr. Bryan waa more or loss Inclined to bo hall fol low woll met with men. Mr. Lansing has llttlo of tho hall follow woll mot In him, but never theless he Is approachable gonial and almost .without question tho best listener that the stato dopartmont has had for a great many years. Now it Is said frequently that tho man who Is a good llBtener Is more avt to get results than tho man who is, wo shall not say a good, but a great talker. Those who know the pres ent secretary of state say that thoro Ib no chan nel connecting ono of his oars with the other. This simply Ib their way of expressing tho fact that nothing that goos into ono of Mr. Lansing's oarB finds exit from tho other. Ho holds fast what ho hears and later ho actB on his knowl odgo or refusoa to act on it as seems bettor to his understanding oi tho caso. , Ordinarily speaking, persons like to hear Morios about mon in high positions. It Is prob-' ably no exaggeration to say that thoro aro a thousand stories about Mr. Bryan, about Mr. Knox, about Mr. Root, and about one or an other of tho prcdecosBoro in office of tho present Incumbent to ono about tho prosont incumbent himsolf. When ono aays storlos, of course, he moans human interest and hurqorouB stories. Mr. Lansing does not lend hlmBolf readily to the ex ploitation of fun making. Ho la a gravo man, a rocoptlve man and therefore not at all an ox lborant man. His senao of humor, however, la Jieen and ho enjoys a good story well told and pnjoya it with an evident, if quiet, showing of appreciation. The kind of story they toll about Mr. Lansing .when a atory Is demanded Ib in charactor some thing llko that of the man himself, gravo and dignified, and not possessing the qualities which mako up tho moro or loss substantial story with a substratum of humor. Tor instance, not long ago two ambaaaadora representing foreign countries, and one high pfllolal of tho United Statea government, ex preaaed a doslro for an audience with Mr. Lan- fing on a certain ThurBday ovening. Mr. Lan lng aald that ho would bo happy to ice the gentlemon at almost any othor tlmo, "but on Thursday ovoning I muat go to church." Now, Robert Lanaing is a Preabytorlan, and a good ono. It took real sincerity of purpoae for p Bocrotary ot state, who la supposed to bo roady at any houra of the day or night to listen to he plonlpotontlarloe of forolgn powerB, to say n effect, "No, atato matters muat wait until after prayer mooting." When Mr. Bryan waB Becretary of state he aw the nowapapor men frequently, and hie inter jcourao with them was rather of tho free and QQBy sort bocauso tho Nebraska gentleman was pnd ia a nowapapor man himself. The corre spondents, however, did not got any extraor dinary amount of newa out ot Mr. Bryan desplto his affability. Mr. Lansing has regular business paootlngs with tho correspondents, Thero are tew stories to fly back and forth, few quips of humor, and thoro la tho usual roticonoe on many subjects whtoh marks diplomacy, but Mr, Lan sing, nevertheless, always glvos up a atory, a nowB Itom ot minor or groater Importance, when svor it Ib proper for htm ao to do, and, moreover, ae la a pretty keen judgo ot nowa valuoa despite tho fact that he la a lawyor and probably does not know a 4-em dash from a linotype machine. Borne people say that Mr. Lansing had several months' training as secretary of state botore he Look office actually. These are the people who think that ho did moat ot Mr. Bryan's work. This probably ia unjust to Mr. Lansing's prode cessor, but It Is known definitely that tho pros ont secretary was consultod constantly and con sistently upon most ot tho matters relating to our foreign Intercourse, which recently, as everybody knows, has boon In a stato not only dollcato, but porllous. It la pretty definitely known now that when Mr. Lansing was counselor tor tho Btato depart ment ho aided tho president materially In writing tho note to Germany which waa pennod June 9. It was tho tone ot this uoto which Mr. Bryan thought was too militant, and it was this note in a way which caused the Nebraakan to resign his position as chief of the president's cabinet. When it io aald that a man Is grave, a good llisteuor and not overglven to talking, the lui passion received is perhaps that ho is laoklng in Interest In what aro called tho human thlng3 of llfo. Robert Lansing la a baseball fan; ho Ib also a palntor ot no mean ability; ho knows how to handlo tho rod and roel and can land with neatness and dispatch a brook trout or a small mouth bass. Moreover, Mr. LanBlng likes tho social llfo, and not infrequently ho Is to bo Boon at dftortvoon affalrB when Btato dopartmont duties aro not pressing, and still moro frequently at ovo ning affairs whord, as ono might say, ho looBens up a bit and talks In a way to draw his auditors and to hold them. Oswald Garrison Vlllard has wrltton In tho Now York Evening Post this llttlo description ot Mr. Lansing's personal appearance: "Tho contrast betwoon Mr. Bryan nnd his suc cessor Is nowhere moro markod than In tholr porsonalltlos. Mr. Lansing Is a handBome man, with notably lino oyes and a winning countenanco that lights up most attractively when ho Is amused. 'Ho smllos with his oyos as woll as otherwise,' writes a Washington roportor about him, and thoro is a keonncBS In tholr exprcEalon which Indicatoa an ablo and a nlmblo mind. Ho Ib altogether of gravo and dlgnlflod presenco, ,whlch Ib ouhancod by his promaturoly gray hair ho Ib only , flfty-ono. Ho Ib woll groomed, stands up straight nnd looks dlroctly Into tho oyos of his quostlonors. Usually ho Is wearing tho black cutaway of statesmanship. You feel lnstlnctlvoly that ho la man to tlo to, tho kind which shrewd, Intuitive women would naturally aook aa a counselor. Indeed, thla titlo which ho has hitherto, borno In tho stato dopartmont fits htm like a glbvo," In tho paragraph which Ib quoted something Is said about tho secretary ot stato being p. hand somo man. Somo Washington rosldonta declaro that ho Is tho handsomest man In tho cabinet. Othors do not agreo to this, but all admit that tho Bocrotary'a way of carrying himsolf Ib all that It ahould bo. It la porlmps probablo that Mr. Lan sing knows that ho carrlos himsolf woll. -At any rata ho alone la responsible for his cnrrlngo, whllo hla tailor la rosponBlblo in considerable moasuro for making tho socrptary admittedly tho bost-drosBOd man In public llfo In Washing ton. It may bo asked who la, or, rather, who was, Robort Lansing? Whllo tho unswor Is not to bo given In a fow words, It Ib probablo that tho socrotary of atato was comparatively unknown until ho camo Into prominence lit connection with our dollcato doallnga with Moxlco and with tho othor povvors, llttlo and great, which ro contly havo boon at troublo among thcmsolvoa or within thomselres, and havo boon directly and In directly causing troublo to tho United States. Robort LanBing was born In a small city, Wa- tortown, In northern Now York, only n fow miles from tho St. Lawrence river, from tho waters of which It la probablo that aa a boy ho drew many a pickerel and baas nnd laid tho foundation of hla lovo for tho uport which Isaac Walton mado famous. Ho entered tho stato department as counselor one year ago last March, succeeding John Bassott Mooro. For thirty years, that la anco ho was twenty-one years of age. Mr. Lan aing has been studying and practicing Interna tional law. Ho was connected In bohalf of tho United States with u great many arbitration cases. He wua this government's assoclato coun sel In tho fur seal arbitration twenty-two years ago. and later ho represented tho government boforo the Boring sea claims coramlS8lon. He was counsel for tho government In tho Alaska boundary dispute and ho has served Uncle Sam In China, Moxlco, Venezuela and at The Hague In various arbitration matters. It is said that Robert Lansing slipped easily and gracefully into tho big chair In the cabinet room, which atamls at tho right hand of tho blggor chair which la occupied by Woodrow Wil son. A good many mon of note havo occupied tho chair. When a man ceases to bo secretary of state hlatory Invariably makes an eatlmate ot him and: of his services. What will tho -verdict bo concorning Robert Lansing? Ono thing Is certain, Mr. Lanaing entered upon hla great olllco duties at a tlmo when it Is pos slblo for a man to win his spurs or to loao them, and that quickly. Thoro aro heavy burdens on tho shouldora of thla present Incumbent of high cabinet ofllco. When tho corner stone of the lan-Amorlcnn building waa laid Theodore Roose volt. then prealdcnt of tho United States, deliv ered an address In which ho' said that there had been many great secretaries of state, but that thoro had boon none greater than EUhu Root. At tho laying of somo corner atono or at tne ceremonies attending some other memorablo oc caslon will It bo Woodrow Wllaon'a part to rlae to his foot artd say. "Thoro havo been many great secretaries of stato, but none groater than Rob ert Lansing?" , .. In writing this sketch one very important mat ter came pretty near being overlooked. Robert Lansing, secrotary of stato. is a poet. Somo peo ple say that ho is "a wrltor ot oxqulslto verso. Poetry Is poetry; vorBO Ib either near poetry or no kin to poetry. Mr. Lansing does not claim to bo a great poet. It Is probablo that he writes poetry as a diversion. At any rato, it Is goner ally conceded that ho is a pretty fair poet, and that ho also la much moro than a pretty fair palntor. . So when tho American people havo a secretary of stato who can mako other nations Bit up and pay attention, who can fish, who can play baso ball, who can dress woll. who can paint, who can write poetry, and. what is bettor, exceedingly forcoful prose, ought not tho said American poo plo to bo satisfied with tho man who has taken upon himsolf a largo part of tho burdens of Btato at a tlmo whon thoso burdens aro heavy. WAS CONSERVATIVE. His Host By tho way. what do you think ot tho Moxlcan imbroglio? Mr. Malaprop To toll tho truth, I llko old fashioned American fruits tho best. Judgo. WISE HOBO. "How la it you alwayB pick out a bachelor to listen to your hard-luck story?" "A marrlod man has troubles ot his own usu ally "Louisville Courlor-Journal. SELF-CONGRATULATION. She I suppose you know I camo near marry-, inr, Tim hnfnra T tnnrrlnil VOU? Ho Now I- know why ho shakOB hands bo warmly when wo meot. Juago. CAME TRUE. "A fortune teller told mo yostorday that I would moot with a financial rovorse. "And did you?" "Yob; she charged me $2." ( STRICT PARTY MAN. "Do you promise to lovo, honor and chorl this woman?" "Yes," said tho politician, "whatovor tho plat form is I subscrlbo to It." 1 ONE ON THE COCO. Golfer (proudly) I play with my head, my His Rival Yes, I notlco that you aro partial to wooden clubs. Charles II. Shorrill, former Amer ican minister to Argentina, in an ad dress at Buffalo, mado tho rather startling assertion that tho time is ripe for the United States to ask Eu ropean countries to relinquish posacs slon of their colonies In tho western hemisphere. ' "It Is very doubtful if ovor again tho United States will be In n better condition to nak favors of Europe than It is at present," said Mr. Shor rill, In referring to tho fact that Euro pean nntions wore seeking financial assistance In this country as nover boforo; and ho declared tho United States owed It to hor sister republics to ask Europo "to release to tho sov ereignty of tho peoples themselves nil colonial territory In tho wostern hemisphere." Mr. Sherrlll went so far as to sug gest that if financial considerations wore involved tho United States might meet the cost. Tho speaker did not mako it entirely clear whether ho would Include Canada In tho bargaining for Independence, saying only: "Canada can havo her independence when ever sho likes it, but continues her connection with tho British omplro by her own volition." Mr. Sherrlll spoko moro particularly of freedom for tho Gulanas, British Honduras nnd such European colonies. GERMANY'S "SPHINX" They call him "The Sphinx" In Germany that quiet, unassuming man with tho square" Jaw and the clear blue, penetrating eyes, who next to Field Marshal von Hlndonburg is the most popular military leader In Ger many today. Like Von Hfndcnburg, Lieut. Gen. August von Mackcnsen waa practically unknown oven In Germany until he penetrated the iron ring of tho Russian forces around Lodz early in January and achieved victories over superior Russian forccB at Lowfcz and Wloclawek. His recent victories In Ga llcia havo won for him tho Iron Cross of the first and second class and the elevation to tho highest distinction in tho German army tho titlo of field marshal. Von Mackcnsen was born on De cember G, 1819, being tho second son of a "country gentleman" in Merseburg, Saxony. His father intended to make lawyer out of him. Ho graduated .from the gymnasium in Hallo and then attended tho University of Berlin. In the fall of 18G9 ho entered the Second regiment of tho Berliner "Lolbhusaron," the favorite cavalry regiment of the kaiser, to serve his one year of compulsory military service. When war between Germany and Franco broke out in 1870 young Mack cnsen was sent to the front as a private. A few weeks afterward ho dis tinguished himself in battle and was promoted to a lieutenancy. During tho famous charge of the Prussian and Saxon cavalry nt Mars-la-Tour, Lieuten ant von Mackensen's bravery was brought to tho notice of Emperor William I. who rowarddd him with tho Order of tho Red Eagle and promoted him to a captaincy. Boforo tho war was ovor ho had been made colonel of tho regi ment in which ho had been a prlvnte. Von Mackcnsen ia a deep thinker. Ho invariably maps out a phaso of tho campaign, and plans every detail and overy move in tho quiet of his tent.' WEEKS FOR CHEAP POSTAGE Planning to aid legitimate busi ness to throw oft tho depressing ef fects of tho European war, Senator John W. Weeks of Massachusetts, an aspiring candidato for tho Republican presidential nomination, has proposed the reduction of postage on letters in tended for local delivery from two cents to ono cent Tho reduction, tho senator believes, would be espe cially advantageous to all lines of local business. For many years tho Benator was chairmen of tho houso committee on post offices and post roads. Ho Is at present a leading member of tho cor responding committoo of tho senate. "Aside from business created by tho demands of tho European war and business concerning tho manufacture of some specialties like automobiles," said Senator WeekB, "tho United States is not In a prosperous condi tion. Without the war business this country would undoubtedly bo In a condition of great cpmmorclal depression. Wo should adopt a legislative courso encouraging business without detriment to tho Individual. "Cheaper postage on local delivery letters would aid small and largo busl nessos allko. Thla alone would amply Juatlfy tho government In taking tho atop. And In all other ways tho government should bo helpful in business affairs, not coercive and repressive." CZARINA CURED BY THE WAR It is no secret that tho mind of tho czarina of Ruaala has been seri ously affected for many yoar8 past. Sho was subject to a marked form of melancholia, with other mental peculi arities. Physicians who had examined her feared that sho was drifting into hopoless insanity. And now, mlraclo of miracles! Hor mental sickness has been com pletely cured by tho war. That which haa brought Buch unspeakable woe and mUery to millions of peoplo has brought relief to tho onco unhappy czarina. It is tho sorlous hard work she has been doing as a war nurso that has benollted tho czarina's mind. Coming into close contact with pain and grim reality, with human patience and human weakness has lifted hor out of hor llfo of morbid Bolf-concentra-tloh and exaggerated terrors, and made her a normal human being. Tho czarina has gonp Into war nursing In a most sorlous and efficient manner. Sho has established a pltal of her own, known aa "tho Court hospital," at Tsarskoe Selo, village whoro tho famous summer paiaco ot tho czar ia Bltuatod Loathe