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THE 8EMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
OF 8AY8 HOR8E8 AN EXTRAVAGANCE ON THE AVERAGE FARM WINDMILLS ECONOMIC POWER Items of General Interest Gathered from Reliable Sources Around the State House. Western Newspaper Union New Service It takes 4,380,000 horsepower hours of work to market Nebraska's wheat I crop, and G.300,000 horsepowor hours of work to market the stnto's corn crop, yet this tremendous volumo of power Is but ono-twenty-flfth of the total amount of energy required an nually in agriculture In tho common wealth. This and other Interesting facts wore related by Prof. L. W. Chase, dean of the agricultural engineering depart ment of tho University of Nebraska, beforo tho monthly mooting of the Om aha & Council Bluffs Implement and Vehicle club at Omaha. According to tho 1910 census, $44, 249,780 worth of implements and struc tures were owned by farmers in tho commonwealth, he said. Windmills wero characterized as the "most eco nomical form of farm power," and horses as an "oxtravaganco" on tho average farm. Wldo wagon tires and long bitches were recommended by tho professor, who oxplalned that a nar row tiro acts on a road Hko u disc harrow, whllo a wldo tiro acts as a roller. Heavy Auto License Business. In tho first two months this year Secretary of State Pool has issued within 3,000 as many nutomobllo licenses as his offlco sent out In tho cntlro year of 1915. Tho total for January and February Is 56,241, as compared with something over C9.000 total for last year. Tho exponso of tho automobllo registry department during Fobruary was $1,472. Notwithstanding that Nebraska ro qulros all corporations doing business within her border.? to pay for tho priv ilege of existing as corporations, tho record In tho office of tho secretary of Btato lndlcato that a spoclal tax has no deterrent offoct. A compari son of tho cash receipts from that sourco during the month of Febru ary for tho past two years is as follows: February, 1915 $1,947.10 Fobruary, 191C 3.38C.75 Tho total receipts of the ofllco for Fobruary, 1915, wero $2,275.50, whllo In Fobruary, 101(5, they Increased to I $3,772.54. Loan Shark Law Upheld. Tho validity c,t the law enacted by tho legislature of 1915 legalizing tho business of so-cjillod "loan sharks," Is established in an opinion of tho high bench In the tent suit brought by Jules Altlmus in Douglas county. Tho de cision says thai tho provision permit ting such dealors to charco a broker ago fee of 10 pur cent and an examina tion foe of GO cVnls, hi addition to 10 per cent Interest, Is not "local nor special legislation" and that It does not deny tho tnual protection of tho lawn. It is further hold that tho pro-, vision empowering tho secretary of stato to rojoct applications for li censes under this law does not confer arbitrary pow-jr on that official. Un dor tho tonus, of tho "loan shark" law. dealers wo required to tako out annual licenses from tho eocrotary of state's offifo, j Reappralsement of State Lands. The stato board of educational lands and funds 1ms approved tho reap pntlsomont of stato lauds for leasing purposos mndo by county boards in cloven counties. Tho now nppralso mnnt will bocomo effective July 1. It covered 281,564 acros. For tho work of appraising Oio stnto paid county boards, $2,02(5. Tho appralsoments ap proved by tho stato hoard show an lncronso of $2C8,97G In tho valuation of tho lnnd, which means an Increase or $16,13S annually in rental which tho stato will rocolvo. Tho rontal per aero In Franklin county was increas ed from 29 cents an aero to76 cents, nnd In Kearney county from 22 cents ta 57 cents. Tho other counties In which appraisements wero approved nro Choyonno, Deuel, Arthur, Dundy, Grant, Hooker, Kimball, McPherson, and Perkins. The Nebraska stato hanking board announces taat hereafter an offort will bo nado to Investigate more thorough ly applications for stnto bank char torn In an offort to curb tho "growing tendency to promote an oxccsslvo num bor of stnto banks." Tho board an nounces that It will herafter require B0 per cent of tho stock of each pro posed state bank to bo subscribed among residents of tho community whoro tho proposed Institution Is to b located, and It will examine closely tb' needs of tho peoplo of tho com munity for a new bank. Tho stato board nf educational lands a." id funds has bought county high school bonds as an Investment for School funds belonging to the state. This Is tho first purchnVo by tho etato of bonds of this kind. Hooker country Is a sparsely sottleu county in tho grazing region In tho northwest ern part of Nobraskn. It took ad vantage of a stato law of 1913 and voted $8,000 for a county high school. The cntlro county is taxed to pay tho cost of maintaining a county high school, Tho bonds bear 5 per cent interest,. COOT MEG MUST REMIT MONTHLY. State Treasurer May Require Pay ments at Such Intervals. Stnto Treasurer Hall's fight to com pel monthly remittances from county treasurers was brought to u success ful finality when tho Nebraska su premo court handed down a decision upholding his legal right to rcuulro payments at such Intervals, Tho caso decided Is Hint brought by Hall against Treasurer W. O. Urc, of Douglas county, for a writ of man damus compelling tho latter to pay over state funds In his possession. It Is held by the court, In brief, that county treasurer aro required by law to mult o settluments with the Btnto 1,1 February and October of ouch ynr' nl,(1 t,mt tllc flta,,! treasurer may require pnymont of state funds from county treasurers ut other times. Tho demand of Slato Treasurer Hall that county treasurers should romlt onco a month the state funds in their pos session Is doclnred to bo a reasonable one. Paid Over License Fees. Food Commissioner Ilarman has paid Into the stato treasurer's olllco $115 of license fcos collor.tod during tho month of January. Tho money represented seven cold storago ware house pormlto at $5 npieco and eight commission merchants' licenses at $10 each. , On account of Treasurer Hall's ro fusal to let the food commissioner draw out Inspection foes of his de partment, when onco paid Into the treasury, Ilarman has not been turn ing thoso receipts over to Hall for tho last six months, hut has been using them to pay tho running ex penses of his dopartment nnd deposit ing tho balances to his credit. In tho caso of tho cold storage and commission merchants licenses, how over, thoro Is no provision of law whereby they may 'bo used for defray ing expenses of administration, and so Food Commissioner Ilarman Is turn ing them Into tho treasury. Another paytnont of this kind will bo made or tho moneys received during Fobru ary. Warrants Issued Last Month. Following Is tho list, with tho amount nnd number of tho warrants Issued from tho olllco of tho stato auditor during tho month of Fobru ary, together with tho total amounts for tho first months of tho year: Fund Amount General $ 1P8.004.40 UiilvriHlty 10.462.69 ITnlvrnilty Cash 23,96!t.sa Morrill 100.00 Experiment Station ... 9H6.03 Slate Library 13S.70 Temporary School .... 454,410.93 I'eru Normal School Library ...i 895.43 Wnvue Normal School Library 401.98 Kearney Normnl School Llbrnry 1,019.09 Chtulron Normal School Library l?7.r.r, Stato Aid ItrlrtBO 671.00 Smith-Lever I,.r.r..!i7 Fire Commission l.Rin.itS University Income .... 2,060.92 Speclnl University Ihilldlnir 11,779.10 Special Motor Vehicle Iteir 1.472.29 No. 2293 2S1 387 1 31 3 93 10 0 13 3 1 48 107 56 48 26 2KI 38C 4012 343.1 744S Institution CfiMh 11.239.42 Normal Schools 40,937.13 Total i 741,981.51 Issued In January .... 288,492.67 Total two months.. 11.030,471.18 Tsnuinl In January and Febru ary, 1915 $1,032,145.98 Emll Muzlk, convicted of wlfo mur der, Bontenccd from Douglns county as tho socond man In Nebraska to suffer tloath by electrocution, will not bo ex cuted for tho crlmo, but will Instead rocolvo a sentonco of Hfo Imprison ment. Tho stato supremo court In re viewing Muzlk's caso, has ruled that tho evidence was sufficient to sustain his conviction, but not to Justify tho death penalty, and it "therefore re duces tho sentence Muzlk'B defense was Insanity. Ho cut his wife's throat with a thin tnblo knlfo cmo morning bccaiiBO sho urged him to get up out of bed and go to work. Tho opinion of tho high court, writ ton by Judgo .Fawcott, takes tho ground that whllo Muzlk was probably not Insane In tho usual sense his mind novortholcss was abnormal nnd tho degrco of tho crlmo was not so great as to call for captlal punishment. A city can tax for city purposes only property within tho city, nnd property Is doomed "tnxed" when tho tax la lovlod, not when It Is Valued by tho assessor. Tho stato supremo court so hold In tho enso of T. K. Hluson against John T. Nlckoroon ot Reaver City. Tho property concerned had boon dotnehed from llenver CI' between tho tlmo of making tho assess ment and tho tlmo for levying th taxes. Tho Nebraska etato fair board will go after thu Gotch-Steckcr westlltvK match to bo hold Labor day under Gone Melady'a promotion. "Wo can Bhow Mr. Melady something nttra tlvo," said Secretary Mollor. "Wo be Hove wo can provide several thousand' moro pooplo than could any other point at that tlmo." Tho fair will bo on at that duto. Charles W. Pool of Hyauuls, has filed with tho secretary of stato as a candidate for ro-oloctlon to that ofllco on the democratic ticket. Alloglug that It has no present pur poso to violate the Nebraska 2-cent faro law, butt nslatlng that tho re straining order of tho Nebraska sit premo court now In effect Is an In frlngemont upon Its right to npply for relief to the United States court If It should Bee fit to do so, the Northwest ern railroad has filed In tho former tribunal n domurror to tho state's pe tition and a motion to dlssolvo the order. A similar motion nnd a de murrer havo been tiled on behalf of the M, & O. road, which Is part ot tho Northwestern system. E A POS CORBEAUX WOODS RECAPTURED BY THE GERMAN TROOPS PARIS ADMITS GAIN. FRENCH RETAKE FORT VAUX Crown Prince's Army Launches New Drive East of Verdun Fierce Ar tillery Duel In Progress Foil At tempt to Wreck Bridges. London. March 13. With Fort do Vuux again In French bands, accord ing to the olllciul statement Horn Merlin, the crown prlncos troops launched a now and desperate artil lery attack ngalnst tho entire French , line east of Verdun, pouring thousands j of tons of explosives Into tho French j positions 1 Tho official communlquo Issued at j Pnrls discloses a violent artillery bom bardment against Elx. Moulalnvllle, Vlllorcs-Sous-Uonohnmp and IJougee. which llo to tho cast of Verdun und south of Vuux. In addition ta this tcrrlllc nttock tho Germans resumed their desperate nctlon weBt of the Mouse, sacrificing J thousnnds of men In the recapture or ) positions In tho Corbeaux woods, j which worn taken by tho French on Wednesday. In this battle, one of tho most despernto and sanguinary of tho Verdun campaign, tho Teutons made assault after assault upon tho French positions, losing men. according to the French communlquo, "out of all pro portion to tho objective sought." Thoso attacks wore repulsed until tLo Ocrmnns brought up 20.000 men and launched tholr cntlro strength In tho great drive which cleared tho woods of tho French, but left tho ground car peted with dead. A German ruse, apparently to blow up tho bridges on tho Mouso below Verdun and thus hamper the supplies of tho French and cut off tho retreat of troops is rovealed In tho statement, which declares tho Gormans set float ing mines In tho rlvor. Tho French, howevor, fished out tho mines boforo thoy did any dnmago TWO BRITISH WARSHIPS SUNK Destroyer and Torpedo Boat Hit Mines Sent to Bottom Off East Coast. London, March 11, Tho British de stroyer Coqtiotto and torpedo boat No. 11 havo bv.e:i sunk by mlnos, tho ad miralty announced. Four officers and 41 men aro. mlsBlng, and It Is belloved thoy perished. Tho .Coquet tov a ship of 3G5 tons, was armed with ono 12-pounder nnd five six-ponders, Sho carried n crow of sixty men nnd was commanded by Lieut. Frederick A. Warner. Tho torpedo boat No. 11 was armed with two three-Inch guns and threo 18-Inch torpedo tubes. Sho carried a crow of 35 men. Tho torpedo boat displaced 253 tons and was built in 190C. J. E. WATSON ADMITS DEFEAT Harry S. New Leads Indiana Senate Race by 8,202 Votes Goodrich and Adair Increase Leads. Indianapolis, Ind.. March 11. With 2,704 of tho 3,177 precincts of tho stato In and with Hnrry S. Now loading by 8,202 votes, word was received on Thursday from James E. Watson that he admitted ho had been defeated on the first choice votes in Tuesday's pri mary for tho Republican nomination for United States sonutor. James P. Goodrich and John A M. Adair continued to Increaso their leads In the contests for tho nomlnntlon for governor on tho Republican nnd Demo cratlo tickets, respectively. M'CUMBER CHANGES HIS MIND North Dakota Senator Withdraws His Resolution Warning Americans Off Armed Ships Tells Why. Washington, March 10. Senator Mc Cumber brought his resolution warn lng Americans off armed, ships boforo tho scuato and then withdrew It be cause, ho said, thoro wero very strong Indications of n settlement of tho U- boat controversy without congression nl action. Senator MeCumbor read a brief statement Baying that In view of what purported to bo an authoritative state munt from Secrotnry of Stato Lansing that Americans wero to bo Indirectly but effectively wnrnod off armed ships ho considered tho purpose of his and tho Gore resolution accomplished. Mrs. Heflln Dies. Lafayetto. Aln., March 10. Mrs, Thomas J. Heflln, wlfo of Congress man Hetlin of tho Fifth Alabama dls trict. 1b dead at their homo horo. This One Breaks Record. Washington, March 11. Tho treas ury department's "conscience fund' has boon mudo richer by $30,000. It was tho largest sum over contributed to thu fund, Thu money camo In a letter dated Philadelphia Austrian Ships for Turks. Rome, March 11. Two of tho most powerful of Austria's dreadnnughts nro being prepared In Dalmatian ports, the Trlbuua says, with the Intention of forcing tho alllos' blockade of tho Adrl atlc In order to reach tho Dardanelles EI ANOTHER 1 f I' ni 4 iTrvr. xm-HM HOUSE KILLS MEASURE M'LEMORE WARNING RESOLU TION IS DEFEATED. Big Victory for President Wilson When the Measure Is Tabled 276 to 142. Washington. March 9. The house of representatives capitulated completely to tho Wilson administration. By two test votes early In tho day It showed Its conlldenco in President Wilson and on Tuesday night It crowned a day of chaos and confusion by tabling tho now famous McLemoro resolution, warning Americans off armed ships, by a voto of 27C to 142. Tho first test voto resulted In a victory for tho ad ministration adhorents, 25G to 1G0, and tho second resulted in 271 votes for tho WIlBon policies against 138 oppos ing. Both votes wero on parliamentary phases of tho situation, but thoy clear ly forecasted tho voto that was to come In tho evening. Warnings that no nation "divided against Itself shall stand" wore re ceived In soloran sllonco. Excoriation of American citizens whoso "Toolbar- dlncss and recklessness" In traveling on belligerent ships might "plunge the country Into war" was cheered. Tho final argument and appeal which aroused tho houso most was tho de mand that tho country stand firm bo-, hind tho prosldent In his fight. STEEL FIRMS ARE INDICTED . H. Gary of U. S. Company and Six Corporations Named In Ohio In aulrv Wane Trust Is Aliened. Yoilngstown, O.. March 9. Indict ments wero returned on Wednesday by tho Mahoning county grand Jury against tho Youngstown Sheet and Tube company, tho Briar Hill Steel company, tho YoungBtown Iron and Steel company, tho United States Steel company and E. H. Gary, execu tlvo chairman of tho United States Steel company. Tho defendants aro charged with having formed a trust to fix the wages of common labor In vio lation of tho laws of Ohio. Theso In dictment followed a sweeping Investi gation of tho East Youngstown riots and labor troubles In January, in dictments wero roturncd also against Mayor V. 11. Cunnlughnm and six councllmon of East Youngstown, charging them with bolng financially Interested In property purchased for vlllago purposes. X IMPORTANT NEWS I ITEMS London. March 11. British troops In German East Africa have occupied Taveta and Salntta, it wai officially announced. Petrograd, March U. TurKlsh-Por- slan troops under German officers aro ovacuatlng tho Persian elty of Ispa han beforo tho Russian advance London, March 10. German naval and military prisoners In tho United Kingdom totnl 13,821 and all of them rcceivo tho samo pay as British sol diers, according to a statement made in the houso of commons by Harold J. TennnnL parliamentary under sec retary for war. German Town Swept by Fire. Amsterdam. March 11. A great flro has destroyed warehouses and a largo quantity ot merchandise at Mucnchen Glndbach, a town in Rhenish Prussia, sixteen miles southwest of Dusseldorf Tho damage was extensive. British Commandeer Liners. New York. March 11. Officials of tho Whlto Star lino conceded that tbo freight spaco In tbelr transatlantic steamships had been commandeered by tho British government for tho ac commodation of munitions and grain. ONE? BOWS TO LAW OF SEAS GERMANY APPEALS TO UNITED STATES' FRIENDSHIP. Kaiser's Government Will Yield If Great Britain Heeds Interna tional Regulations. Washington March 10. Count von Bernstorff, tho German ambassador, on instructions from his government, handed to Secretary Lansing on Wednesday a long memorandum ex plaining in detail tho German posltton In regard to armed merchant ships and tho causes leading up to tho decision of the central European powers to tor pedo without warning nil armed mer chantmen of their enemies. Tho memorandum contains tho alle gation that Great Britain had taken advantago of tho contention of tho United States that Americans must bo safo on defensively armed merchant men, to havo thoso ships act offen sively toward enemy submerslblcs. The German government expresses a willingness to operate Its submarines In accordance with International law prevailing prior to tho war, provided Great Britain docs not violate the same laws. The German government concedes that as submarines aro a new engino of warfare, international law as at present constituted makes no provi sion for their use. Tho memorandum contends that tho ovldenco appended to tho lato German announcement, proves that British ships armed ostensibly for defense havo been Instructed to act, and have acted offensively, and that they aro not peaceful traders, as tho United States was assured they would be by Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, tho British am bassador. The memorandum also reiterates the provlous declaration that submarine warfare was begun by Germany In re prisal for tho announced Intention of Great Britain to starve tho civilian population of tho central empires. Tho memorandum also refers to tho long-standing friendship between tho United States and Germany, and ox presses the hopo that the Amorlcan peoplo will, when familiar with tho explanation offored. fully appreciate the position In which Germany finds herself as a result of tho blockade By way of supporting the contention that Germany's reprisals aro Justlflod, tho memorandum enumerates various actions of Great Britain, which havo operated against tho Interests of neu- trals and their cltlzonn. Theso are cited to show that Greet Britain has violated International law. INCREASE IN RATES GRANTED Interstate Commerce Commission De cides In Favor of Railroads In Western Rate Case. Washington, March 11, Tho Inter stato commerca commission has grant ed substantial rato increases to west ern railroads In a decision In tho western advauco rato cano No. 3, fol lowing decisions favorable to tho railroads as to many commodities handed down last year In tho tlrst two parts of this caso. The doclsiou de clares Justltled tho proposed Increaso from 30,000 to 40,000 pounds In tbo minimum carload weight on grain. $100,000 to Pension Ministers. Wichita, Kan., March 10. A $100,000 endowment with which to pension aged Methodist ministers was started on Wednesday aftornoou at the south west Kansas conference of MothodlBt ministers. Earl Curzon Hurt In Accident. London, March 10. Earl Curzon of Kedleaton, lord of thu privy seal, la confined to tits residence, Buffering from a fractured left elbow, tho re sult of an accident, according to an an uouncoment mado here. PORTUGAL IB WAR GERMANY HANDS PASSPORTS Ta PORTUGUESE MINISTER AT BERLIN. REFUSED TO RELEASE SHIPS Declaration Enumerates Long Series of Breaches of Neutrality Military Clashes In South Africa Cited Per mitted English to Use Ports. Berlin, March 11. Germany do clared war on Portugal at 3:30 o'clock; Wednesday afternoon nnd banded bis passports to tho Portuguese minister. This action was foreshadowed when n semiofficial report declared that an ultimatum had been sent to Portugal demanding tho immediate ro leaso of tho German ships. The hand ing of his passports to tho Portuguese ambassador In Berlin was given ua tho action that would follow a refusal to comply with the Imperial demands. Tho declaration enumerates a long, series of breaches of neutrality by tho Portuguese government, such as the permission of freu passage lo- Lnglleh troops through tho colony of Mozambique, tho permission given English men-of-war to uso Portugueso ports for a tlmo exceeding that given noutrals, and tho permission given tho English navy to use Madeira as a naval base Actual engagements between Por tugueso nnd German troops on tho frontier of Gorman Southwest Africa nnd Angola and frequent insults to- tho Gorman nation by mombers of tho Portugueso parliament, who wero nover reprimanded, aro also cited. Tho declaration states that, accord ing to tho treaty between tho two nations, tho solzuro should bavo been preceded by an agreement regarding; tho price to bo paid tho owners and that tho selzuro was only Justlflablo In caso of public necessity in Portu gal, whereas tho tonnage of tho ship was evidently larger than that needed at Portugal's disposal. It Is further stated that tho Portuguese govern ment did not even try to enter Into communication with tho German own ers or tho German government. "Tho Portugueso government by theso acts openly gave evidence that Portugal considers herself England's vassal, for whom England's Interests and wishes aro paramount In com parison with other considerations," the declaration continues. "Tho Portugueso government seized tho ships In a fashion which must bo considered as an Intentional provoca tion of Germany. Tho German flag was hauled down on board tho ships and tho Portugueso flag, with tho war emblem, set, whllo the admiral's ship fired a salute." Lisbon, March 11. Largo numbers of German residents are leaving Por tugal as a result of notices given to- them by German consuls that they should quit tho country as soon as possible. Military Strength of Portugal. Peace establishment of active- army Is about 30,000. All available, Including active army, reserves and territorials, estimated from 300,000 to 400,000. Tho navy consists of one old bat tleship, five protected cruisers and about thirty smaller vessels. RATIFY MINERS' WAGE PACT Bituminous Operators and Employees Agree to $15,000,000 Boost. Now York, March 10. After a warm debato lasting nearly six hours, tho interstate Joint conference of miners- and operators from tho soft coal Holds of westorn Pennsylvania, Ohio. Indiana and Illinois, representing; nearly 200,000 mlno workers, on Wed nesday adopted the now wago contract agreed upon by tho subcommittee of employers nnd employees. Tho agree ment will Increase tho Income of the mincworkers in theso states about S 15, 000,000 during tho two-year period the contract is to run, and will have an influence on tho wago conferences to be held In tho bituminous fields of cen tral Pennsylvania, West Virginia. Michigan, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri,. Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas. Wyoming, Montana and Washington. THIS ONE BREAKS RECORD Uncle Sam's "Conscience Fund" Hp Made Richer by $30,000 Mailed From New York. Washington, March 10. Tho treas ury department's "conscience fund" has been mado richor by $30,000. It was the largest sum over contributed to tho fund. Tho money camo In a letter dated Philadelphia, but post marked New York. Tho wrltor stated that It was to return monoy stolen many years ago. Rerblan Refugees Removed. Washington, March 11. All destl tuto Serbian refugees hnvo been re moved from Greece nnd Albanln and havo boon transported chiefly to tho Islands of Corsica and Corfu, accord ing to a dispatch. Roosevelt Not a Candidate. Now York, March 11. Colonel Roosevelt Is not a candldato for tho Republican presidential nomination In any stato primaries. In an Interview tho ex-president declared ho did not wish tho nomination. V