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THE SEMIAVEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRASKA.
f ESSENTIAL FOR SUCCESS WITH TURKEYS V.niiiMmiiiiiii "m in j j I i in m mi n i i i i n r i " J imprc In riONCLiffliT IMPROVE QUALITY OF HORSES AND MULES I HEADS WELFARE DEPARTMENT An Imported (From tho United States Department of AKHculturc.) . In tho past ton years twenty states have enacted laws regulating tho pub lic service of stallions and Jacks. Tho principal objects of theso laws aro to lmprovo tho quality of horses and mules raised and to protect breeders against misrepresentation and fraud on tho part of unscrupulous stallion owners and dealers. In order to accomplish theso ro suits theso laws require tho owners of all stallions and Jacks intended for public servlco to secure a licenso from tho stallion registration board or com mission. Licenses are Issued for pure breds, grades, crossbreds, and mon grols or scsabs, according to tho pro visions of tho law in tho articular state. Thoso stallions or Jacks offered by their owners as purebred must bo rec orded in tho studbook published by a society recognized by tho state as authentic and reliable. Tho certificate Df registration and pedigreo issued by ono of theso sociotics must bo present ed to tho board with an application for license and an affidavit certifying to tho condition of soundness. In their general provisions all of theso laws aro similar, but In certain 3etails vary in a gvcater or less de gree. In some states certain diseases or unsoundness disqualify a stallion ar Jack for public service, while in others the stallion or Jack is permit ted to stand, but any unsoundness must be mentioned on tho license cer tificate as well as on all posters, cir culars, etc., used by tho owner for ad vertising purposes. Tho states having laws of this char acter aro California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michi gan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wisconsin. Tho last-named state was tho first to pass such a law and Oklahoma the lat est one. Under tho law in thn latter atato stallion owners aro not com pelled to secure a stato license, but It Is safo to say that tho holder of a state licenso has a great advantage over the ono who does not. It is a deplorable fact that hundreds of farmer3 and maro owners havo pat ronized tho inferior stallion with the cheap sorvice fee. These men seemed to havo failed to appreclato that in paying a higher feo for the service Df the sound purebred sire tho service feo will bo more than offset by tho higher prico received when tho result ing colt is sold. Nor havo they ap peared to consider tho fact that it costs as much to raise a grade or mon grel as it does a purebred. A lock of consideration In tho mat ters of soundness, breeding, and regis tration havo been tho cause for much Df tho patronage secured by the In ferior stallion. However, those laws havo now mado It possible for every farmer and maro owner In theso states to know exactly what a stallion or Jack la before breeding tholr mares. They havo also benefited tho owners of lound purabred sires because they dls :ourage tho use of tho unsound, grade, and mongrel stallion. Tho results thus far show a gradual tncreaso In tho pcrcontago of purebred stallions In servlco and a decrcaso in the percentago of grades and mon grels. At the present timo there aro approximately 58,000 stallions in serv ice in these states, of which more than 50 per cent aro licensed as purebred. This Indicates that brooders aro bo :om - more particular In tho mat ters of soundness and breeding, and that tho owners of stallions who at first were, in some instances, inclined to oppose are now aiding in tho en forcement of tho provisions of the laws. Tho question may bo asked as to what Is bocomlng of tho unsound, grade, and mongrel Btalllons. Tho re ports from tho various states show that as tho patronage of Inforlor ani mals decreases they aro either castrat ed or shipped out, undoubtedly into those state's whero thoro Is no law to compel them to stand undor their true rendition of soundness and breeding, thus continuing their destructive work to the horse industry. It Is In theso states that breeders ehould oxcrclao tho greatest, caution before deciding to which stallion thoy wl'.l brocU tholr marcs. Thoy should demand o iho stallion owner that thoy Shlro Stallion. bo permitted to examine tho certificate of registration and pedigree in order to learn if tho animal is properly reg istered in a reliable studbook and if tho age, color, and description agrco with tho stallion whoso service is be ing considered. If tho certificate does not agreo with the stallion it is evi dent that something is wrong, and It will be much wiser to refuse tho serv lco of tho stallicn than to accept It, pay tho foe. and run tho risk of got ting a nondescript foal, oxpenslvo to raise, and for which there will bo o poor market. If a breeder Is not familiar with pcdlgrco and registration societies, he should consult his stato agricultural college or experiment station, giving all facts regarding tho stallicn being considered for servlco. In this way much information may be secured that will bo of valuo to him in tho future when tho question of breeding comes up. COMMON CONDITION IN GROWING SWINE Bone-Buildinn Feed Will Aid Greatly in Keeping Animals Free From Paralysis. (By I. E. NEWSOM. Colorado .AkHcuI tural College, Fort Collins, Colo.) Paralysis of the posterior part ol the body appears to bo a rather com mon condition in growing hogs, and sometimes even in maturo animals. While in somo instances it may be due to mechanical causes, such as in Jury to tho back, yet theso cannot ex plain tho greater number of cases. Somo havo suggested that Intestinal parasites bear a causal relation, but this is open to considerable question as it is difficult to see Just how worms in the intestine could produce pa ralysis. Tho theory that seems most plaus iblo is that the bones, particularly of tho spinal column, becomo softened, thus producing pressure on tho spinal cord. Tho softening of tho bone3 Is probably duo in many instances to lack of llmo salts in the food and is not frequently noted when tho vio tims have been heavily fed on corn Consequently a rational treatment consists in tho addition of limewatoi to tho feed and an entlro change ol diet, especially with a view to build ing better bono. That this treatment will havo any beneficial effect on the affected animals Is opan to question, but such measures when instituted should provent other animals com ing down with tho diseaso. PERCHERON HORSES ARE OF FIRST CLASS Importance of Good Feeding Is Emphasized by President of the Percheron Society. In his annual address E. B. White, president of tho Percheron Society oi America, emphasized tho importance of good feeding as follows: "Let mo call your attention to the fact that you cannot grow flrst-clas? animals without giving thom an abun danco of feed, and nt tho same tlma obtain satisfactory results. "Any breeder who thinks ho is going to produce a Porchcron horse equal to tho imported and run him in tho stalk fields, or give no serious thought to tho cost of hlB keep, has mado a fail ure almost before ho has started. "Wo without doubt havo tho best foundation stock In tho world, and if our breeders learn to grow out tho young animnis, which can only bo dono by liberal feeding and abundance of fresh air and exorcise, our friends in France, when tho war Is over, will find thoy have lost tho American trado for all tlmo to come." Farmer Won't Starve. Tho garden not only saves living cost, but it affords a living worth whilo. With a good garden, a homo orchard, moat and broad, all of which may bo raised on tho farm, thoro la llttlo likollhood that tho farmer will starve. effectiveness, for general lnssltudo and for lack of deflnltencss in action, business enthusiasm and ambition to excel all of theso things representing a calculable diminution In tho economic efficiency of tho factory force. "Welfaro work teaches us to reduce human waste. That lo what wo do when wo Improve tho conditions undor which our employees livo and work when wo contrlbuto to their health, knowledge, contontmrnt and, through these, to tholr skill. "Lot us accept It as an nxlom," ho continued, "that welfare work Is not a charity. It may havo In It tho elements of philanthropy, but of charity none nt all. Tho prlmnry motivo which actuates tho employer usually Is Interest In the well-being of his workmen a philanthropic motivo, it you please; but welfaro work must Justify Itsolf In increased industrial effectiveness or it will fall of its own weight. "There is no plant, however small, In which propor sanitary conditions are out of tho question. Every establishment might woll adopt tho motto, 'Good surroundings, good health, good work,' and llvo up to It, for In those six words aro contained tho whole law and gospel of welfare work." GENEROUS "BILL" KETTNER Congressman "Bill" Kettner of California has an unconscious habit of standing with palms open, upward, and arms slightly outstretched, as if ho were about to hand somebody some thing. The poso is a natural conse quence of Kettner's disposition. Ho is such a generous chnp that ho rarely lets a day go by without making somo friend a present of something or other. This present may bo merely a good cigar, but usually It Is somo high grade product of southern California a can of ripe olives, a bottle of Cali fornia wine, or a box of oranges. Ho seems to feel that even tho most casual conversation is Incomplete un til ho has said: "Wait a moment. I've got some thing hero I want to give you." For many years Kettner was tho foremost insurance nuisance of San Diego. Ho has a mellow volco and a ready flow of conversation and thero was no resisting him when ho stopped a San Diegan on tho street and sought to convlnco him of tho need of purchasing a now insurance policy. When ho took up politics, Kettner soon became Just as irresistible in that lino ns ho was In the insuranco business. Tho last timo ho ran ho got something like 20,000 plurality in a district normally about 20,000 against his party. In other words, ho changed over about 40,000 voters, which is a feat without parallel, so far as one can recall offhand, in tho United States or elsowhero WOMAN FARM EXPERT ner is likely to go far In her chosen profession. Sho is enthusiastic over her work for the government and believes she can do much to aid tho Southland that she loves so well. LANE .ABHORS WASTE Senator Harry Lano of Oregon has an abhorrenco of wasto that amounts to almost an obsession. A needless expenditure of money gets under his cutlclo llko a woodtlck and makes his life a burden. It lsn t that ho Is a tightwad either. In his personal affairs ho spends with ns little heed as nnybody; but when it comes to wasting government funds tho very furuic that a great many grout legislators lovo to spend with much reckless abandon Lano Is a miser, watching every penny llko a terrier dog watching a rat hole. When ho first struck Washington, Lano did nothing but fuss and com plain for two solid weeks about tho marble chancers and other unneces sary extravagances about tho Benato office building. Finally ono of his friends in quired: "Well. Harry, what are you get ting at? Do you want to pay rent "If I could afford it I might, nt Louis A. Coolldgo, chairman ol tho wclfnro dopnrtment of tho Na tional Civic federation, Is a scholar and writor of rlpo attainments as well as a man of largo business Interests. After Boveral years as a, Washington correspondent ho wns appointed, In lflOS, assistant secretary of tho treas ury, and tho following year resigned to becomo treasurer of tho United Shoo Machinery company, a position ho still holds. Wclfnro work, according to Mr Coolldgo. whoso oxperlonco entitles him to Judge, raises wages, Increases tho employer's profits and brings tho stockholder largor dividends, it adds nothing to tho cost of production, for that cost Is all absorbed In Increased oitlcleney in tho plant. "Unless employees aro In prima physical condition," said Mr. Cool ldgo In conversation tho other day, "wo must look for a positive loss in Down In Georgia tho department of agriculture has found a young wom an who knows more about scientific farming than most men know, and who nlso knows how to Impart her knowledge. Therefore tho department has appointed her a farm demonstrator In the South, and she la now engaged In showing tho young men and women of that part of tho country how to mako farming profitable and pleasant. Miss lloyl Skinner for that Is her name believes she can do much to check tho migration of young people from tho country to tho city. Ono of her specialties is poultry raising, and sho thinks this Industry can bo largely developed In tho South. Sho also knows a lot about canning, and hopes to teach it to tho boys If they can bo Induced to abundon the Idea that it is too femluino nn occupation. With attractiveness and energy added to her knowledgo and skill. Miss Skin for your ottlco room hero?" that," replied Lano. An Excellent Specimen of Tho first essential for success with turkoyB Is to procure vigorous, healthy stock from which to brood. Theso should preferably bo unrolntod, al though I havo known somo peoplo to havo very good success with Iioiib and gobbler procured from tho same flock, but I would not ndvlso anyone to kcop up this prnctlco, writes Anna LaiiB lown In Denver Fiold and Farm. Tur keys should bo fod very sparingly dur ing tho breeding season nnd allowed to forngo for most of their living, as an ovorfat condition is llkoly to ro suit In Boft-sholled eggs and lack of fertility. It Is woll also to supply ;hom with ground oystor shells. I usually set tho early turkey eggB andcr chicken hons, lotting tho turkey nens lay two clutches boforo allowing ihcm to Dot, excepting thnt I Uko to anvo ono turkoy. hen hatch off early Hid then when tho chicken bona leavo their broods sho will usually tako tho whole flock out foraging for tho In lects which are their natural food, and jpon which thoy thrlvo host. Tho jggs may bo tested out tho aamo as :hlcken eggB, although It is woll to I wait until tho soventh day boforo test ing. In dry weather it is a good plan :o pour a cupful of lukewarm water In tho nest onco a week. Tho llttlo :urks nro not na ablo to stand cold as .ittlo chlckons, and If tho weather Is :hllly and stormy when thoy aro latched It Is woll to keep them in a dox In tho house at . first. Great caro should bo taken to keep ,hoir coops and especially their sleep .ng quarters dry, as dampness Is llkoly ;o bo fatal to them. Thoy should also jo cleaned frequently. When hatched andor chicken hens I koop them up n coops until thoy aro a week old, hen let them run looso for nn hour or SUNSHINE FOR POULTRY MITE Dne of Best Disinfectants ns Well as Great Foe to Insect Keep the Henhouse Clean. Evcryono knows tho gray poultry ulto which takes on a distinct reddish :ast aftef tho meal of blood, it Is :ommoiuist in dark, damp, dirty poul ,ry houses whero It thrives upon filth, md tho logical remedies rccomwond- id by, T. J. Talbort of tho Missouri jollogo of agriculture aro sunshine, ji.nMln t Inn nnil -1 nn n 1 111 PHH Thn 11(111- iouso should bo so constructed that t can easily ho kept clean and that ;horo will bo no cracks or crovlcos In :ho roo3ts or olsowhoro to furnish lldlng places for tho mito during tho iaytimt when they aro not on tho 'owls. Thoy feed at night, crnwllng 'rom fowl to fowl, so that ono infest d bird may introduce thom Into tho Mitlro llock. Sunshino 1b ono or tho best disin fectants ns woll as a great foo to tho mite, and It sliould bo given access to lust as much of tho henhouse as pos sible. Regular spraying with kero aeno emulsion, strong tobacco solu tions, or commercial stock dips will help greatly. Commercial llmo sulphur and mlsclble oils put on tho market In such form that they will mix read ily with water for uso In spraying Drcharda aro also helpful In combat ing tho mite. Ono application is not enough and tho spray should bo repeated In about a week In order to kill tho young which muy havo developed from tho eggs laid about tho roosts or in the filth before tho first spraying. It should bo applied with sulllclont force to penetrate all cracks and crovlces. KeroBono crnulslon proporly pro parcd at homo will glvo as good ro suits as anything which can bo pur chased. Mr. Talbort gives tiro fol lowing directions for making it: Dis solve half a pound of laundry soap, or a pound of lyo soap, in a gallon of soft water; tako tho solution off tho fire and add two gallons of kero Bene boforo cooling. Mix thom thor oughly by churning ten or fifteen min utes and uso ono part of tho emulsion the Favorite American Fowl, two tho first day and an hour or bo longer each day until they nro strong enough to run out all day. Tho chick en hen, bolng more fussy nnd rapid in her inovomontB thnn a turkoy hon, seems to timo thom too much if this caro 1b not taken. For foou i give thom hard-boiled oggs chopped line when I havo tested out tho ogga on hand, but my main depondenco 1b o mixture of yellow corn meal and cur.il mado from milk. This should bo mixed to a firm consistency, not sloppy, and no moro should bo given than thoy will eat up clean In ton mlnutcB. If too much Is given thom thoy will bver cat, become droopy ad loso nppotito. I also glvo thom plenty of chopped chives, or dandelions, of which thoy nro oxtromoly fond nnd may havo all thoy will cat. Whilo thoy aro In coops I feed about onco In two hours, but after thoy run looso thoy will pick up a good deal of tholr living. Millet or stool-cut oata may also bo fed. If suddon rains como up thoy must bo looked nftor, ns It does not tako a great deal of rain to chill thom until thoy aro helploss. After tho poults aro ono or two months old thoy becomo Btrongor and hardier and will not rcqulro much caro. Ono grent causo of troublo with turkoys Is overfeeding, which is apt to induco llvor troublo. After they aro largo aa much grain as thoy will cat up cloan in ton minutes, fod twlco a day, la usually enough, nnd In tho brooding season onco a day is bettor. Even when fattening for market purposes grain should not bo left whoro thoy can hnvo access to it moat of tho tlmo or sickness 1b llkoly to result. Whoro grasshoppers abound tho birds will aid greatly In kooplng thom down and thoro is nothing on which turkoya thrlvo bottor. to eight or nlno parts of water when ready to apply. i Ono part boiled llmo sulphur mado exactly as for orchard Bpraylng mny bo mixed with eight parta of water, and tho commercial stock dips may bo used in accordanco with printod direc tions usually furnished with them. Strong tea mado by boiling tobacco stemB in water glvoB good results, and whitewashing should not bo neglected. Spray pumps of many different bIzcb and types will glvo good results. Bucket pumps, knapsack apraycrs, and automatic sprayers will bo useful In j tho ?nrdei1 uml or chart aa woll as in tho henhouse, nlthruigh a longer hoso or extension rod will bo noeded in tho orchard. A barrel pump or power sprayer may bo used with good re sults If it is already on hand, but ia inoro exponslvo than tho average farm needs for honhouso work. Avoid Moth Ball Nest Egos. Nest eggs uru not nocessary, but if any aro usod, thoy should bo of chlnu. Moth ball nest egga or thoso mado of other substances thut glvo off odors sufilciently strong to koop lico away, should not bo usod in nests, ns tho odors will affect tho quality of tho ogga. Moth ball nost eggs especially glvo tho eggs a camphorliko tasto that mako thom unfit for eating. Treating Frosted Combs. As soon aa noticed frosted combs and wattles should bo rubbed with snow or bathed In ico wator until the frost is out, and thon greased with vaseline. Mixture for Laying Hens. A splendid mlxturo for laying hens Is equal parta of cracked corn, wheat und oats which should bo scattered in the litter. Success With Poultry. Successful handling of poultry in tho winter depends upon feed and caro. Remember this when looking after tho chickens. ' For Early Broilers. Tho early hatchcB aro tho ones that bring tho earliest broilers.