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THE SEMI-WEEKLY TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE. NEBRASKA.
NATIONAL GUARD AUTO uui il ii j 1 1 III" II . ... "... . GREAT NATIONAL "AERIAL DERBY" Race by Aeroplane From Atlantio to Pacific Will Start Early in the Fall. BIG CASH PRIZES OFFERED Interest Intense Among Avlatoro and Manufacture of Aeroplanes Rivalry Among Cities Across Continent for Designated Place on Route of Racers. Now York. Not only 1ms tlio plctur csquo history-milking project of an aorlnl race from the Atlantic to tho Pa cific seized tho Imagination of tho en tiro country mid attracted tho Interest and Indorsement of United Staies sen ators nnd representatives and gov ernors of many states and started rivalries among cities across tho conti nent for a designated plnco on tho routo of the racers, hut, as may bo Imagined, tho Interest has become in tense among nviators nnd tho manu facturers of aeroplanes nnd motors. Inquiry upon Inquiry has poured Into tho Aero Club of America regard ing details of tho transcontinental neroplnno competition for tho Pulit zer cup nnd tho cash prizes, tho llrst of which Is $20,000. To meet tho special and public do mnnd for information as to how this great national aerial dorhy Is to bo conducted, tho Aero Club of Amerlcu sets forth tho project with Its patriotic nnd progressive objects and tentative ly for tho officials aro still holding themselves open to suggestions from nviators and llrms entering their brands of machines hnvo formulated tho rules and conditions of tho con test. Many Important Prizes. "Tho Aero Club of America," the statement rends, "lias offered a llrst prize of $20,000 to ho awnrded the avi ator winning tho contest under tho conditions to bo herewith described. There will bo about fifteen 'controls' (landing stations) on tho routo, mid ench city which Is made a control will give prizes, making n total of from $100,000 to $150,000, from which fund eight principal prizes and other spo- ciai prizes win Do awarded tho llrst eight ns follows: First prize, $20,000; second, $115,000: third, $10,000: fourth. $7,500; fifth, $5,000; sixth, $2,500; sev- cntn, sl'.uoo; eighth, $1,500." Special prizes will bo given for tho best time between controls mid for tho best demonstration with radio. sending messages to land stations, for tho making of maps for tho war de partment and of photographic films for aeronautical maps of tho llrst great aerial highway. The winner of tho Pulitzer trophy win, or course, bo tho llrst aviator who hinds at tho thiol control on tho Pacific coast. But when It comes to tho awarding tho cash prizes certain penalizations of tlnio aro to bo con Bldered for changes In tho motor and aoroplano parts of the machine dtir lng their transcontinental Journey. set or these penalizations regarding motor changes, repairs and alterations has already been tentatively drawn up lorming, ns nearly as possible, a con sensus of tho suggestions of entrants and aeroplane makers. Many Landings. Whatover tho routo chosen, tho dls tanco between controls east of. rhv KmiBiis City, will not bo moro than BOO miles, and In desert and mountain own countries In tho West tho dlstnnco between controls will be limited to bo tween 170 mid 2T5 miles. "Tho contest committee," says tho WIRELESS STATION Aero club statement, "proposes this limitation for tho following reasons: To provent excesslvo flying, making It posslblo to every aviator to fly In this Initial long distance contest with safo- ty, and to approximate ordinary condi tions to bo met In ovcry-dny practice, In aerial training, carrying mull, pas senger cnrrylng, etc. "To give a larger number of con trols and enable tho population of Im portant centers In different parts of tho country to seo tho competing ncro plmies and becomo familiar with the present possibilities of aerial transpor tation. "To hold tho contestants together as far as possible. "Ench competitor must expend n minimum nggrognlo of hours while his machine Is on the ground in the con trols. These periods of 12 hours will bo called 'resting time.' No competi tor will bo allowed to start until tho 12 hours' resting tlnio shall havo elapsed. A competitor may expend ns much time as ho likes at tho startlug control, but after once hnvlng been of ilclally started from any control, the whole tlnio until ho reaches tho next control will ho counted ns flying time. Saturday, September 2, "Tho contest will comineiico on Sat urday, September 2, 1010, and will fin ish at latest on Saturday, September U0, at 7 :80 p. m. "Tho contest Is open to competitors of any nationality holding an aviator's certificate Issued by tho International Aeronnutlcal federation and tho Aero Club of America's yearly license, and to the mllltla, aoro clubs, cities nnd any other organizations wishing io pnrtlclpato and who can enter a prop erly equipped aircraft and n licensed aviator. "Tho entrance fco Is $200, and en tries will bo received up to 12 noon, August 1, 1010. The entrance feo of $200 Is payable either In one Bum or as follows : $100 by 12 noon on August 1, $100 by 12 noon on August 15. Lato entries will bo received up to 12 noon, August 2f. 1010, in which enso tho entry feo will ho $500. Tho entry form, which must bo accompu tiled by tho entry fee, must bo sent In to tho secretaryi Aoro Club of Amer ica, No. 297 Madison avenue, New York city. "Tho start will bo made from ShcepsheaU bay, Belmont park or Gar den City on Saturdoy, September 2, 1010, at 1 o'clock p. m. Tho order of starting will bo by lot and announced tlvo days prior to the start of tho com petition. "Controls open at 0 o'clock a. m Tho competitor who makes tho fast est elapsed time between controls shall start first, tho others following at In tervals determined by tho dlffcrcnco between tho time of their respective (lights and tho time of tho fastest HlghL "Each competitor before stnrtlng will bo supplied with n time card, on which will be entered his tlnio of nr rlvnl mid departure from each con trol. Tho competitor Is alono respon slhlo for thu safe custody of his card and for Its being produced and entered up nt ench control, mid for the pro ductlon of sumo when duly cn'lled upon. Stoppages En Route. "Stoppages en route between tho controls nro not prohibited, and fre quent olllclal landing places will ho established between controls, about fifty to one hundred miles nimrt. Com petltors will only bo timed from the departure from any ono control to tho arrival at tho next control. inuiviiiuai replacements 411111 re pairs to tho aoroplano and motor may bo mado, hut tho competitors making the repairs will bo duly penalized ac cording to tho conditions to be de cided by the contest committee Chang' lng of unbroken propellers mid uiidam aged wings will not ho penalized. "Carrying 11 passenger weighing not less than 1-15 pounds fs compulsory Equipping nn aeroplane with dual con trol to enable passenger to partlclpat In piloting Is allowed. "Every ncrpplano Is required t hnvo ns part of Its equipment com pass, chart holder mid tiro cxtln guluher. CHARTING LAKES HAS TAKEN YEARS Government Has Spent Millions to Make Waterways Safe for Ships. PERIL OF (JAGGED REEFS Herculean Fight Against Unseen 8hoals That Menace Navigation Has Decn Carried on Since 1841 New Method of Sounding. Detroit, Mich. Summer after sum mer the fleet of tho Lake Survey sails tho broad expanse of tho five lakes mid the score of bays uud Inlets searching for danger spots that may claim their heavy toll In human life and vessel tonnage. Probably no frequented waterways n tho world are so hazardous as tho ircat Lakes. At 110 time Is n steamer on them more than a comparatively fow hours from shore mid periodically erco storms arise, fully as violent as thoso experienced on tho ocean, which piny with the steel ships, battering them helplessly about, threatening to ngulf or sweep them ashore. Over $5,000,000 has been spent by tho government slnco 1811 for tho prosecution of tho work of charting tho lakes. Locked In henvy timber ioxoh, protected from fire In Immense aults In tlio old post olllco building, Detroit, aro over 1,300 field charts, dating bnck to 1818, when a survey of inko Erie was mndo by officers of tho British nnvy. With few exceptions the maps aro the result of the scien tific researches of United States engi neers nnd surveyors. Work of Generations. Thcso maps represent tho work of generations of men who havo tolled to mako the Great Lnkes safe. As a result of their Investigations light houses have sprung from barren rocks, and the solemn ringing of bells on buoys carries their warnings to pass lng nnvlgators. While tho work of charting tho hikes has been carried on slnco 1811 with only ono break In tho task, which occurred In 1880 nnd lnsted until 1800, (hero Is still much to bo done to mnko the survey u thorough one. In fact was only 12 years ago thut what might bo called an unfailing system for testing the depths hns been devised. Provlous to that time the old moth od of dropping n weight of twelve' pounds or so, trying to keep tho lino' plumb, wns employed. Tho system was far from Infallible. This lightweight testing method was employed until tho !00s. Then enmo the heavy 100-pound sounding boll This heavy obstaclo was dragged through tho water, a machine on hoard ship registering tho nnglo tho motnl wns dellected from the boat as tho ship steamed along. Tho hell's sheer weight mndo It nn excellent drag. Hut this system wns too cnido and Imperfect. Twelvo yenrs ago Major Keller, United States Engineer corps, In chargo of the lnko survey, devised 11 method whereby 11 piano wire from 1,000 to 5,000 foet In length, slung from two Inunches nnd weighted down, was used to search for shoal spots and other elevations of submarine hind. Today this Ingenious dovlco Is In use on tho lakes and as a result of It mnny shonl nnd reef regions, hitherto unknown, hnvo been listed. Increase In Commerce. During tho yenrs of tho. decodo be ginning In 1830 the commcrco of tho Orent Lakes had begun to nssumo con siderable proportions, nnd tho Ameri can government planned a cnnnl at Satilto Sto. Mario to connect Lnko Su perior nnd tho lower lakes. The only charting, however, had been accom plished by engineers connected with tho British nnvy. In 1811 Capt. W. Q. Williams, who was at that tlmo In chnrge of harbor Improvements In Buffalo harbor, was. ordered to take chargo of tlio survey ing or tho Orent Lnkes. By 1878 what, was nssumed to bo a thorough survey, of tho lakes had been made and tho following two yenrs wero spent In tho compiling of documents nnd the per fection of charts then In existence nnd circulation. Tho yenrs that had been spent up, to 1SS0 on making the geodetic or sub mnrlno survey of the lakes had wlt-: nessed mnrvolous changes. Tho flow of populntlon moved westward llko a tidal wnve and cities sprang seeming ly out of tho very onrth. Tho live' lakes were white with tho sails of com merce. By 1800 schooners were fnst becom ing obsolete. Tho heavy draft steamer that displaced wnter to tho dopth of 20 feet had driven the light vessels of 11 and 12 feet draft from the field. That n resurvey must bo mado ho enme evident. Provisions had been mnde only for vessels of light displace ment. Appropriations wero made by congress to carry on tho work again. In wnrclilng for n shonl area as inucit ns $10,000 has been spent. Tho work of tho Lnko Survey has for Itu object tho preparation of accurate navigators' charts of tho lakes and no pnlus nro spared to mnko tho .maps complete. Tho work of senrcnl'ng for shoals Is long and tedious. To sweep n full square mllo costs somewhnro around $50. , ' EMffi Indian Portia Practices WASHINGTON. Miss Lydla IL Conley of Knnsas City, Mo., nn Indian woman, has been admitted to prnctlco before the Supremo court. As f nr ns olllclnls could recollect, sho l the first of tho highest court. Sho Is a mem- her of the Wyandotte tribe, which In habited the Missouri Itlvcr valley in the vicinity of Kansas City, and ufter whom n neighboring county In Kansas la named. Her name was presented to tho court by Mr. Davis, tho solicitor general of the United States. Miss Conley is no Btranger to tho afflcluls of tho court, although her ml rolsslon to practice did not occur until recently. She first came Into public notice nbout ten years ago, when tho Kansas City municipal authorities sought tho Wyandotte Indian burying ground. Tho removal would hnvo required the disinterment of the bodies of Wynndottcs hurled for hundreds of years. Miss Conley armed herself with n shotgun, mid warned tho Kansas City oflleials to keep nwny from tho burying ground. Exercising n constltutlonnl right, sho nnd read 11 brief in opposition to tho removal of tho burying ground. The court decided against her. Then she took up her legal education and being duly Supreme court bar here. Tunnel to Transport np HE main tunnel from the site of tho 1 at Fourteenth nnd Water streets southwest, along Fifteenth street and terminating nt Peunsylvunin avenue probably will be so constructed that it can engraving nnd printing and into tlio treasury department, to connect the central system with this building, are part of the general plan of power distribution. These might have to be slightly enlarged to moot the needs of the suggested traction line. Tlio way would bo straight along Fifteenth street, through the main tunnel, with only tho changes of direction to bo "considered, made neces sary by the branch tunnels into the two buildings. An electrically charged rail perhaps the "third-rail" system would give the necessary power to operate tlio enrs The tri'ctlon would probably be nttnehed to tho roof, carrying the cars up in tho air, much like tho cash trolleys In operation in big deportment stores. The cars, as tho plan is now suggested, would bo of steel, in the form oi Btrong oxes or chests, and securely fastened, so that the boxes could not bo opened except with the proper opening appliances at either end of the lino In the custody of the proper authority. The new central heating, lighting technically known ns tho "White House group" in contradistinction to tho "Capitol group" of government buildings. The site of tho plant is nt Four tcenth nnd Wnter streets, where the fuel and other supplies by roll or water, The distribution system will require about two and a half miles of tunnels and trenches, or 12,000 feet. The buildings to bo served from lng and printing, the nudltors' building, the department of ngrlculture, including nil in that group ; the National museum and Smithsonlnn buildings, the Army Medical museum, the fish commission, Washington monument, the District building, tho post office department building, the treasury building, tha White House, the state, war and navy lng nnd tlio court of claims building. Marine Hospital Service IF YOU nro sick these summer dnys you may be told you have the "harvesl disease." Your friends may ascribe It to errors of diet, overexertion, poisoning; but according to the olllclal you probably havo been Jiggered. In other words, you have been stung stung by the Jigger, or harvest mite. The- bulletin on the Jigger, which has served to divert attention in official circles for tlio moment from the war in Europe nnd the fact that the Income tax Is overdue, warns ngniust confus ing this hnrvest mite with the "Itch mite," which Imb been with tlio human race slnco tho beginning of history, or tlio "straw mite," which the hospital Borvlce says has been "only recently discovered" nnd is "acquiring somewhat "The adult Jigger is harmless," nro tho man who hns been jiggered, but tho coming to tho cities mid biting us. If you nro sensitive nbout hnvlng been Jiggered you may say you are suffering from "tronibldlosls." Tho trentraent prescribed and tho manner oi its application is familiar. Father has used It successfully on Sister Mary's beau slnco tlio beginning of time, and the family bulldog has applied the same treatment to trumps. Tho bulletin advises an attack upon the "disappearing extremities" of tho pest. "Tho sufferer can almost invariably sites, and frequently the disappearing observed." Then your duty is plain. "A needlo sterilized by boiling their dermal intrenchments." Keeping the Spies From IN ORDER to keep spies out of the pormltted to outer after offlco hours of ono of the executive departments, partments havo known for somo time of the cxlstenco of a mysterious power w' '"h was ablo to bring about tho dlsappeariiuco of vuluablo papers from the desks and lockers In ofllces. Tho bureaus of construction and department aro working on important tion, hydro-noroplnno building, torpedo by the European wnr. In tho war department reports of experiments In ord nance, motors, transport problems, etc., of great value If later they should find nation. Formerly access to thoso offices equlrod merely to stato some specific Before Supreme Court Indian woman ever admitted to tho bar to enforce n local ordinance to remove later appeared in the Supremo court, the study of law, nnd having completed qualiflcd, she sought admission to the Currency From Printery. central heating, light nnd power plant he utilized for a traction system on which will run, automatically, small cars to carry paper currency nnd other securities between the treasury de pnrtraent building and the bureau of engraving and printing. The main tunnel would provide sufficient room without amplification of tho present plant. Traction would liave to bo laid and cars provided. The expense, it is assured on expert au thority, would not bo excessive. Branch tunnels into the bureau of without accompanying human control. and power plant is to serve what is location is fnvorable to tho delivery of for which facilities will be provided, this station will bo the burenu of engraV' departments building, the Winder build' Tells About Jiggers bulletin of the marine hospltnl service of a reputation." tho reassuring words of tho bulletin to bnby jiggers nro tho ones that nre now point with exactness to tho burrowing extremities of tho Intruders may be may bo used to pluck tbo Invaders from U. S. Office Buildings state, war and navy building, no ono Is without a pass Issued by tho chief clerk or by the superintendent of the building. Uniformed watchmen nt nil the doors nro under orders to stop nil who have not such passes. No ono is to be per mitted to visit more than ono olllce on n single pass. A complete record oi tlio comings and goings of visitors la .kept. Uniformed watchmen patrol th long corridors nt regular lntervnls, and a complete system of electrical re porting hns been installed, so thnt the patrol order cun bo enforced. Oflleials In the navy and war de repair and stenm engineering in the navy naval secrets ns to subraarlno construe protection and otlier problems presented nro In tho various desks und would he their wny into tho hands of a hostile , was a simple matter, tho visitor bein business. diraGELIM FUM SIB Bank Clearings Increase Agri culture Is a Paying Indus tryManufactures Doing Well. "Business experts assert that Can ada is on tho threshold of perhaps tho most prosperous era in her his tory. The unprecedented vnluc of tho farm products of 1910, together, with tho very large output of factories working on munitions of war has sud denly brought the country into n po sition, financially, scarcely hoped for as a nation for years to come. Ex port surplus of $.r)0,000,000 a month Is mnklng Canada very strong In cash." Extract from olllclal bulletin of Feb ruary 11, 1910. Tlio response by tho fnrmers of Can ada to tho call for Increased produc tion In 1015 wns n totnl net output exceeding ono billion dollars, an In crease over normal yenrs of at least three hundred millions. The throo Pralrlo Provinces contributed prob ably nearly one-half of the total prod uct. The wheat crop was worth $310,000,- 000, and accounted for about 30 per cent of the total agricultural product Other things counted nlso. Look at dairying. In Ontario tho dairy pro duction wns Increased 20 per cent. and prices wero over 10 per cent nhend of 1014. Other provinces shared In tho increase, especially Alberta, Saskatchewan, Quebec nnd Nova Sco tia. The dairy cow was "on the Job" In 1015. So also were the beef cattle, tho pigs and tho hens. It is not fair to the formers of tho Prairies to call tho wheat crop of 1015 a "miracle!' crop. Tho formers culti vated moro land nnd gave nttentlon to their seed. Providence gave thctn favorable weather. Then they tolled early arid lnte In the hnrvestlng nnd threshing; Good cultivation giive big ger yields than careless work, 45 bush els as against 25. Tho wealth of Western Canada Is by no means nil in Its wheat crop. If tho country had no wheat at all it would still bo famous as n land of suc cessful farmers on account of its stock production From one shipping point (High River, Alberta,) over $75,000.00 worth of horses have been sold In tho Inst two months. The average price to tho farmer has been nbout $175.00 per head. According to Government roturns there aro n million nnd a half horses In Manitoba, Saskatchewan nnd Albertu, worth probably $15O,OOO,00Q. Tho Investments which formers of Western Cannda nre making In live Btock and farm improvements nro good evidence of the fact that they hnvo money for theso purposes. It la nppnreut, however, that thoy nro also spending some of their profits on those things which will bring greater comfort nnd enjoyment to themselves, their wives nnd their families. Tho nutomobllo trade all through tho country Is particularly active, and farmers nre tho biggest buyers. A re cent report of tho Saskatoon district shows thnt In two months a million dollars' wprth of nutomoblles have been sold, lnrgely to farmers. Nor aro all of these cars of tho cheapef makes ; some high-priced machines are In demand. Bnnk clenrlngs throughout the West ern Provinces show greater commer clnl activity than nt the same season In 1015 or 1914, tho increase for tho last week of February being $8,000,000 and almost $9,000,000, respectively, for tho first .week of -InrCh $15,000, 000 over 1015 and $18,000,000 over 1014. The same cxdellent story comes from Moose Jaw, Sask., Vh'cro they showed from 40 to 100 per cent over tho previous .year. Calgary, Alta., bunk clearings continue to reflect tho greatly Improved business conditions as compared with a year ago. Cana da's bank clearing.? for tho "month of February, 1010, wero the greatest for any February in the country's history. The totals amounted to $004,222,000.00, as compared w'lth $487,200,000.00 for the samo months n year ago. An In crease of $177,000,000.00 In bnnk clear ings for tho month tells Its own story of the country's prosperity. Adver tisement. Never Missed. "When 1 grow up to ''bo a man," said tho boy who lived in a Hat, "I want everybody to bo sorry when I die." "That is a very laudable ambition," roplled his father. "The only advice I can give you is: Don't be a janitor." FRECKLES Mow la tho Time to Get Kid of These f B'y Hiots. There's po longer tho slightest need ot feeling ashamed of your freckles, ns the prescription othlne double strength la guaranteed to remove those homely snots. Simply ret an ounce of Othlne tioiibl strength from your druggist, and apply a llttlo of It rilght and motnlnit and you should soon see that even tho worst freckle have begun to disappear, while the lighter ones have vanished entirely. It Js seldom that more than one ounce Is needed to com pletely clear the shin and train a beautiful clear complexion. lie sura to ask for tho double strength othlne, as this Is sold under guarantee of money baok If It falls to remove freckles.) Adv. Fitting Devotion. "Thnt lnfntuntcd youngster fairly, dogs my steps." "Merely a case of puppy lovo." Modification. "Each ago has Its cycles." "Maybo so, but I think this ago hus entirely too many motorcycles"