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THE 8EMLWEEKLY TRIBUNE, NORTH PLATTE, NEDRA8KA.
MANY STILL HOPEFUL British Observer Says People's Faith in the Cause Strong as Ever. HATE FOR BRITAIN GROWS Peace Deelred, But It Must Be on Terms Dictated by Teuton Con fidence In Official Management Is Still Absolute. London. The Times publishes tho following account of tho true condi tion of Germany "from nn unlmpench blo source." Tho nrtlclo Is based on Iho experience of an observer who re tcntly reached Switzerland, after hav ing lived In Germany nnd enjoyed spe cial facilities for observation from the beginning of the war. lie says: "Tho press of German Switzerland, from which my first Impressions of tho outer world wero derived, certainly tells tho Impnrtlnl truth In sufficient' ilegrco to fijivo Its readers from shar ing German Illusions. What more can be asked of n neutral press? "Scarcely less nstoulsblug than the discovery that the position of tho allies Is not what Germans bcllcvo it to bo Is tho mistaken conception prevalent In sonio allied countries of the real condi tion of Germany and or tho state of mind of tho German people. "Unless I am entirely mistaken and my experience of llfo in Germany hns been continuous no cssentlnl chnngo In public feeling hns taken place among tho Gorman masses alnco tho beginning of tho wnr; or, If thcro hns been a chnngo It hns not been lu tho di rection of discouragement. The utmost which ordinary Germans can bo got to say Is that 'It Is high time that penco wero made,' but they menn, of course, a Gorman peace, ono which shall con solidate nnd correspond to German vic tories. They not only feel that they arc victorious, but they nro firmly per suaded thnt they cannot bo bcuten. "It must not bo supposed thnt tho Gorman pcoplo liavo nn unensy con science. Th Imperlul chnncollor's declnrntlon to tho relchstng at tho be ginning of tho war thnt Germany wns 'doing wrongr In lnvnding Belgium wns never taken ns a confession of guilt. niH plirnso thnt 'necessity knows no law' meant nnd still means to Ger mans that Germany found herself In n condition of what Is called Notwohr thnt Is to say, of legitimate self-do-fenBO. "'Surrounded by n ring of Jealous enemies who hnd conspired to nssnll and crush her, they claimed that her only chnnco wns In bronklng through tho ring by nil possible means nnd of 'vindicating by tho sword her right to frco existence.' "At first It wns thought that tho wnr would bo short nnd triumphant. Con fidence in Uio army nnd in Its chiefs wus boundless. Illustrntetl pnpers rep resented tho spirit of Btsmnrck ns brooding over Paris and pointing tho way to a repetition of tho mighty deeds of 1870 and 1871. Tho bnltlo of tho Mnrno wns taken ns n proof thnt tho task might bo longer nnd hnrder thnn hnd nt llrst been supposed, but nil talk of n Gorman, rovorso wns checked by tho oxplnnntlon that, on tho Mnrno. tho Germnn. armies hnd merely stnyod their ndvnnco for n time, In order to take up positions cnrefully selected 15 years enrllor by tho foresight of tho German staff. "As tlmo went on the conviction grow ana deepened that Germany wns fight mgMor her vory exigence. Though ODiigcu by tno nocossities of tho sltn ntlon to attack, tho view constantly In culcnted upon tho people wns that Gor many wns and Is on the defensive. "Grnduully tho bitterness of feeling townra jsnginua increased. It Is now intense, tiio ucrmnns had boon. hone ful thnt in tho event of n Euroncun war, England would nt lenst bo neu tral. Some oven dreamed that England might bo on their side. They nover Imagined thnt she would dcclaro wnr upon them. "Now nothing ahort of thorough mil itary defeat will cpnvlnco tho Gorman pcoplo thnt they can bo beaten. Other- LONG TOMS OF THE FIFTH ARTILLERY One, of the 4.7-mch gtniB (Long Toms) of Couipauy 12, Fifth United Sluto artillery, en u St car ut El Paso. wise tlioro will lie no pence except on Oormnny'H own terms. The people nro prepared to suffer, much ns they mny dislike Hie lnconvonlonco to which tho wnr hns put them. This Is particularly true of stntcs like Bnvnrla, whore I spent some time before leaving tho country. "If tho Bavarians could be given n smashing blow (here might be n rapid end of the wnr, but they nro now as persuaded as they wero at the begin ning that their generals and their sol diers cannot be defeated. Even n Prus sian defeat would not make much Im pression In Bnvaflu unless the Bavari an armies were defeated nt tho same time. "I'opulnr confidence In ofilclnl man agement nnd In the official accounts of things Is still absolute." ENDS HIKE OF 10,000 MILES Youno Prohibition Lecturer Joins Ex. peditlon In Chase of Villa Bandite. St. Paul, Minn. Ono of tho Interest ing figures nt the recent Prohibition convention here wns Lnurcnco P. Mc- Guhnn, twenty-two years old, and a rroiiiuition lecturer. McUalmn ar rived hero after n "hike" of 10,000 miles. Tho young hiker wan plod ding nlong a road 82 miles north of Columbus, N. M., when ho learned of tho raid on that town by Vllln nnd his bandits, Ho Joined n sheriff's posso nnd n detachment of tho statu mllltln scouting for Vllln. IIo nccompnnled tho punitive force far Into tho Mexi can desert arid later returned with thorn. "A typo of bush growing on tho desert in Mexico,'; ho says, "rcsem blcs n horse nnd rider, nnd sovernl times wo were deluded Into believing wo had sighted the bandit chief. Even tho sheriff shot nt n bush which ho thought was n Villa bnndlt." McGnhnn woro out six pairs of shoes on his walking trip. IRISH EVEN TO MINUTES Dislike of British Orders by the bernlan Shown In Daylight Service. HI London. An Instnnco of tho grudg Ing hesitation with which tho lrrccon Ollublo Irishman obeys any regulation of tho disliked Saxon la given by n writer In tho Dnlly Chronicle. Soon nfter tho daylight saving bill under which tho clocks of tho United Kingdom woro put forward an hour went Into effect nn Englishwoman Hv Ing In Tlppernry found her gardener In n gloomy mood. She nskal him whether ho had put his clock "on." Tho gardener evaded tho question evidently preferring to talk about tho rosen. Tho mistress protested, nnd fin nlly pressed tho question and mndo tho man fnco her. "Yes, my lady," snld tho patriot nt Inst. "I did. I put It on half nn hour.:' DESCRIBES LONG TRIP BY SLEDGE Prof. Tanquary Tells of Hard ships to MacMillan Party in Arctic. CROCKER LAND IS A MIRAGE One Hundred Dogs Used In 1.300 Mile Journey Across Melville Bay to Hdstenborg Long Walt for Relief Ship. New York. Bronzed by tho expo sure to wind and weather, but other wlso bearing no signs of his three yenrs' stny In tho Arctic ns n membei of tho Crocker Land expedition undci the leadership of Donald B. MucMIl lun, Prof. Maurlco C. Tanqunry, whe recently returned to New York told ot his trip from, Etah by dog team nnd of the work of tho expedition. Professor Tanqunry expressed the satisfaction of the members of the expedition nt the success which hud attended them. While Crocker Land, he said, Is doulmoss a myth, tho mi rages lu flint vicinity were of such brilliancy thnt they deceived complete ly those who were lu search of land and It was necessary to sec them dis appear by approaching them to know that land did not exist. "By nrrnngements which were made when wo wero landed' at Etah," said Professor Tnnqunry, "wo were to pur sue our work for two yenrs, when a relief ship was to come for us. Long Walt for Relief Ship. "Wo wero nil waiting In Etah, out headquarters, for tho relief ship which was to como for us In 1015. When August passed and no ship arrived we gave up nil hope of being brought out thut year. Wo found out later that the George B. Cluctt, which had been sent out for us, had been forced to stop nt North Stnr bny, nbout one hundred nnd fifty miles soutn of Etnh, because her propeller shaft had broken. Dr. Edmund O. Ilovey of the museum wns on tho Cluctt, nnd hp nr ranged with Mr. Peter Frettchcn, whe bus charge of tho Danish exploration baso at North Star lmy, to tnko him tc Etah In n motor bont. 'On tho morning of September 15 when tho motor bont arrived In Etnh Mr. MacMillan hud gone south along tho shoro to hunt walrus and Doctoi l..l .. 1.. I nfter caribou. As It was Imperative that wo start at once If wo wnnited tc get nway boforo tho Ico shut us In tlioso of us who were at Etah got oui supplies nboard tho motor bout ns quickly ns possible, leaving Mr. Mao Mlllan nnd Doctor Hunt to look af ter things nt Etnh or Join us luter If they wished. "Wo reached North Star bay and tho Cluott on September 17, but could not start from thcro on account of ? storm which held us two days. "When we flnnlly did start In the Cluott tho Ice nt Capo York wns sc bnd thnt wo could not put through und nnchored In nn extremely pro carious position under the shadow ot a tnll cliff nt tho entrance to Pnrkcr Snow buy. Tho captain mndo several attempts to contlnuo south through tho Ice, but we had to tnko refugo In Pnrkcr Snow bay and tho ship was fi nally Iced In thoro on October 1. Start on Long Trip. "Both Mr. MacMillan nnd Doctoi Hunt visited us thore, coming down from Etnh by sleds, nnd it -was deter mined that four of us were to attempt tho trip by sled across Melville buy nnd nlong tho const of Danish Green- laud to Holstcnborg, n distance ot nbout 1,800 ndles, whero wo could get tho first ship out for Copenhngen. The Cluctt wns so crippled thnt It could not make tho trip north to Etnh. "Wo finally decided to tnko eight sledges, drawn by nearly ono hundred dogs, nnd tho pnrty wns to be com pbsed ot Doctor Ilovey, Mr. Allen, En sign Green nnd myself. Wo left Par- ker Snow bny on January 10 nnd mude Capo York the first day, "On March 3 wo reached Umlnsk. Thero wo met tho high priest of Greenland, Knud Dalle, who wns Just starting south to his homo at Egcdcs- mludo nnd who volunteered to guide us. Wo reached Egedcsmlndo on March 21 und wero taken Into Mr Hallo's homo us his guests. It wnt decided that wo should remain there until tho annual Danish mall left to catch tho boat at Holstenborg. "When tho tlmo enmo to leavo It was not deemed ndvlsnblo to have all thrco of us mnko the trip out. Wo Hiiw that It wns posslhlo to get ono man through nnd it was decided that I should come. "I reached Copenhagen on Mny 20. When I got In touch by cable with tho National museum I was advised to make arrangements for n relief ship to go to Etnh and bring out tho other members of tho pnrty nnd the speci mens which wo hnd collected. I flnnl ly succeeded In (Jmrtcrlng tho Den mark, n small steamship, powerfully built for Ico work. They will get tho other members of tho expedition luto in tho summer." Kills 2,000 Squirrels. Bnker, Ore. Tho champion "single hnnded squirrel killer of eastern Ore gon nnd possibly a lnrger territory mny bo the tltlo claimed by E. C McCounell, living In the Beaver Creek section. Ho reports that within the last week ho killed 2,000 of the grain- eaters. PIGEONS SELECT OWN MATES Breeders Should Be Selected With Definite Object Inbreeding Is Not Desirable. Pigeons usually mate In pairs nnd -remain constnnt through life, al though the mating mny bo changed If desired. Unmntcd pigeons, especlnllj males in the loft, are n source of much trouble, nnd usunlly prevent Splendid Breeding Pair. profltablo results. JPlgeons aro usunl ly mated nt from lTvo to nine months of jigc. There nre two methods of mating, nntural nnd forced. Under nat ural mating the pigeons usunlly nre allowed to select their own mates, which Is Indicated by the male billing nnd driving tho female. Experienced breeders, however, nre occnslonnlly deceived by their actions In selecting sex. In forced mating, ns in natural mating, the breeders should be selected with n definite object, us ing males strong in points In which tho females aro weak. It is some times advisable to break up tho mat ing between old pigeons and young birds, although these pairs often give good results. Whero mntlngs produce undesirable qualities, it is necessary to rcmnte or cull out tho flock. Con Minted close inbreeding Is not deslra' j """"J "J -"- ""J tho female on ono foot and tho mnlo on tho other, It Is fairly ensy to reg ulnto Inbreeding. MOST POPULAR MARKET DUCK Pckln Is Favored for Marketing While Indian Runner Takes Lead for Egg Production. Duck raising Is one of tho most profitable brnnchesof tho poultry busi ness. For mnrkct purposes alone the Pe- kin duck Is popular. For eggs tho In dian llunner takes the lead. Ducks are never troubled with lice, neither do they have cholern or roup. Pckln Duck. They lay n largo egg. These eggs havo n very fine flnvor. You will find tho eggs not ns fertile If you let tho ducks grow thin. Give the ducklings plenty of nlr nnd stuff them with feed. Sprinkle snnd over their feed ns this will bo a euro way of them getting as much as they need. Watch that the ducks have suitable attention and regular feed. A few well cared for pays better than too many thnt nre slighted. CHICKS RELISH GREEN FEED Fresh Vegetables Should Be Supplied to Youngsters Composition of Qood Mash. Tho Uttlo chicks must ho supplied with a quantity of greon food or frooli vegetables nfter thoy aro a fow days old. A good rulo would bo to havo one-third of tho ration green focd, ono-thtrd cracked grains and ono-thlrd mash. Grouud oats, bran and middlings In equal parts, ruako a vory good mash for chicks. Thoro is nothing mngio or medicinal about tho prepared chick feeds. Chicks that bocomo Injured, and cs pecially it In a manner to bocomo bloody, should bo promptly roruoved from tho broodor. Chicks aro strong ly cannibalistic If onco started, and will quickly tear to plocea an Injured chick If thoy once get a taste of the blood. Smear tar over any Injured or bloadIK spots, HOT Mysterious "Cit" Helped WASHINGTON. Hidden under nn Iramnculnte Pnlm Bench suit, nnd usunlly leaning against n tree In front of the Pcnnsylvnnln nvcnuo recruiting sta tion, Is whnt the recruiting olllccrs of the most dangerous germ of prcpnredncss to bo found within n day's Journey in tho District. Congressman Gardner of Massachusetts and Col. Robert N. Thompson of the Nuvy league nre rank amateurs compared to him ac cording to accounts. Everybody nnd everything that brushes up against him becomes Inocu lated with the fever to enlist or to make others, enlist. For several dnys the figure In the Pnlm Bench suit was noted by tho officers of the recruiting ntutlon. Ho nppenrcd to bo tnklng things ensy In n very cnlm nnd deliberate wny. no looked like n prosperous business man. Every nfternoon he would nppeur nnd remnln standing against tho tree or talking quietly to groups of men In front of tho stntiou. After n talk with him a mnn usunlly wnlked Into the stntlon nnd enlisted 1 One nfternoon nn ex-voluutcer officer pnssed the stntlon, snw the "germ" nnd shook it warmly by tho hnnd. Then the volunteer enme Into tho stntlon. "Whnt rank does Marshall hold?" he asked, pointing to the "gcrm.V And then it enmo out. The man la Crelghton E. Marshall, officially known In tho records of his country ns n sergonnt In Troop K, First United States volunteer cnvnlry, from May, 1803, to October, 1898. Unofficially he's "Crate" Marshall, cx-Rough Rider, comrade nnd friend of Capt. Allyn K. Capron, Cnpt. Bucky O'Neill, nnd Sergt. Humllton Fish, among tho first three men killed In tho Spanish-American wnr. Prlvntely, Marshall Is custodian of the presses nt tho burcnu of engraving nnd printing. Ho Is n prepnredness expert, who believes In every mnn doing his bit and doing It up to tho handle. Marshall wears glasses because of the bit ho did in Cuba. Ho wasn't expected to survive tho Cuban episode but ho pulled through. Arlinqton Woods Very M R. KALMBACK of the biological survey hns studied the crow for several yenrs, has thoroughly fumlllarlzed himself with Its habits and Is Interested in every newly discovered crow roost. (Hmt THOUSAND "f 111 J ing tho winter of 1010-11 tho Arlington roost was occupied by 270,000 birds and that nt lenst 100 crows flew to roost ench second during "tho height of the Influx." This would menn thnt 0,000 crows entered tho roost In u minute's time, and a period of 45 minutes was generally consumed before nil hnd returned from their day's forage. This estimate proves that approximately 270,000 actually mado tho Arlington roost a hendqunrters for tho season. ' The Wocdrldge roost, near Lnngdon, D. C, was used by crows for some time, but tho birds found another roost more to their liking. The successor wns the ono on wlllch Mr. Kolmback made observations, no noted four lines of these birds coming to this roost and estimated that probably 1,800 or 1,000 flew In each line, which would total something In tho neighborhood of 7,500 crows when strays nnd belnted members were tnken Into consideration. A few months later the crows deserted this roost and returned to the Wood- rldgo roost, where other crows Joined tion amounting to 30,000. Counting these birds would bo very nre famlllnr with two methods by means of which they nre able to count largo numbers. By one method the birds nre counted In the evening ns they fly townrd the roost In distinct lines, nnd, ns n rule, thero are anywhere from three to six air paths chosen. Tho other method Is to wait until nil the birds have congregnted for the night nnd then to tne Dirus gntnereu mere unu estimate How Army Medical School Fights a Silent Foe UNPRETENTIOUS and unheralded, mllltln mobilization, has been going Thirteenth street northwest, whero the diseases Is belug prepared. A force ot 20 men, members of the United States army medical corps, headed by Capt. M. A. Itcnsoner, 1ms been work ing day nnd night on ono floor of the building, prcpnrlng tho enormous nmdunt of vaccine which tho 100,000 troops of tho mllltln require since be ing mobilized. An Idea of the tremendous work Is gained by tho fact that In ordinary times this sntuo force makes the vac cine for the army and navy and tho forest service, nnd furnishes It to numerous other organizations besides. Since the mobilization this force, In addition to the supplies for the services men tioned, has been furnishing the vaccines for the mllltln troops nlso. Each of tho soldiers In this army must receive three Inoculations of anti typhoid vaccine, and in other cases, Inoculations for other diseases aro made. All tho tremendous quantity of this vaccine "has been furnished by this little urmy Qf 20 men, scarcely a sergeant's section In tho terras of nrmy orgnnlzn tlon. While tho big men get the troops rendy for service nnd hnve their names carried in tho papers dally with suitable praise for their efforts, this Uttlo force, working with silent efficiency, Is safegunrdlng the lives of tho soldiers whom tho big men nro organizing. Washington's Great Walnut Tree Is Victim of War WASHINGTON had n wonderful walnut tree. It stood near tho American university, nnd hns been noted ever since this country wns known to tho whites. About the tlmo thnt William tho Conqueror Invaded England, midway of the eleventh century, n -splendid that Grent Britain It so fur nntodated. England must haver walnut wood of the fiuost to mnnufneturo rlllo stocks. Having ransacked her own possessions, she has turned to America for tho ouly timber suited to such n mnnufneturo. So tho htigo tree, n floral Mothusaleh, thnt stood on tho tract bounded by the Tunlny ridge nnd Loughborough roads, bus been sold to n British ngent for $120, lowered to earth, lopped of Its branches, nnd freighted to Baltimore for transportation nboard. Tho Tuulaw walnut was famed ns the largest hardwood tree In this section of the country. It was 12.r feet high, 21 feet In circumference, und hud a bough spread of 150 feet. Tho word "Tunlaw" Is walnut spelled backward, und It Is paid Mint Ura emia Grant und Sherwun were fund of visiting tho estato upon whlfh thu walnut tree stood, neo? whnt Is now known as the American university, n-ul thnt thoy suggested thr mure, Recruiting in Capital District Nntlonnl Guard regard as the Popular With the Crows r Ho avers thnt the assembling of thou- stnds of crows for the purpose of roosting, usually close to some largo city, presents one of tho most curious nnd remarkable phenomena occurring in tho bird kingdom. Mr. Knlmback hns ascertained that thero nre several fair-sized crow roosts in tho vicinity of Washington. A roost nt Arlington held, during the most crowded period of Its existence, fully 200,000 crows. In f net, A. II. Howell of the blologlcnl survey alleges that dur the original settlers, the whole popula confusing- to a novice. Ornithologists choose n limited nren of the roost, count xrom una uin upyruuiuuio tuiui. yet one of tlie biggest tasks of the on nt the Army Medical school, nt 721 vaccine for the prevention of various walnut sapling begnu to run Its head toward heaven, near what wns later to become the city of Washington. In tho times that followed William, whllo n disorderly group of Islands were be ing welded Into a Great Britain, this same tree dovehqvd with nlmo,st In finite slowness Into a forest giant. A few weeks ngo tho Tunlaw walnut, nfter 000 yenrs of life, wns felled to help 'satisfy tho war-tlmo needs of ) 1 X'4 '"""Si