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THE 8EMI-WEEKLV TRIBUNE. NORTH PLATTE, NEBRA8KA.
RANCHING Cattlo and Horse Ranching in Western Canada Steers Brought 10 Cents a Pound on the Seattle Market. Tlint big money Is mndo by tho Inrge cattlo rancher In Western Canada, and also by tho small farmer as well, Is shown by tho undlsputnblo facts pre sented from tlmo to time. A rancher, near Qtclchcn, Alberta, who com nienccd In a small way nino years ago, recently disposed of 1,243 cattlo at a total of $101,804.50, and this was only his surplus stock for tho present season. A December shipment of 217 head of ranch steers, brought tho owner an av crago of over $80 per head. They wero taken straight from t.'o range without any grain feeding and were In excellent condition to bo sold for tho Christ mas trade. Another shipment of 100 head, averaging $70 each, was mado to Seattle. Tho highest price paid on tho Seattle market was for an Albcr tan steer, which weighed 1,700 lbs., and brought tho fancy price of 10c per lb., or $170. Six carloads of llvo stock from ranches 05 miles from PIncher, Al- bcrtn, shipped to Spokane, excited keen competition thero on account of their exceptional quality. Tho price realized was $10,028. American deal ers say they must look to Canada for beef supplies. A livestock Ann, which has shipped over 2,000 head of beef cattlo to tho American farmer since tho middle of November, reports a splendid recep tion of Alberta stock in tho United States. A carload of cholco Alberta steers wero sold early In January for ship ment to tho British Columbia coast at $0.70 per 100 lbs. and, later on, a lot from Carstalrs brought $0.00 tho highest price paid since the spring of 1015. Shipments from Calgary live stock yards during 1015 weTo : Horses, 8,075; cattle, 30,577; hogs, 141,515; sheep, 12,410. A cowso in agriculture and livestock demonstration which has been conducted by the Provincial Depfrof Agriculture hero was well at tended, showing tho interest taken by city residents In agricultural progress. John Young, of Sidney, Man., gives his experiences tn sheep-ralslng ns fol lows, as quoted in a local paper: . "I bought n bunch of fifty ewes, which cost nn $202.50. With this little flock I dcizcastrated Just what can bo done in the sheep business. This fall I sold, flf ty fat lambs at $0.50 per Head, $325, and 18 of tho best cwo lambs, which I kept, I value at $8.00 per head, $144. The wool sold at an av erage of $2.07 per head, $103.50. This makes tho very nico total of $572.60." "They ran out nearly every day all winter. Tho value of hay and oats was small, and ono can mako them very comfortable through tho winter with very llttlo expense. F.or shelter I havo a shed, about 125 feet long and 14 feet wide, which I cover with straw. This gives them protection from tho cold .winds: yet It Is always cool enough to be healthy." "I Intend going in moro for sheep this fall, as I believe them to bo tho most profitable Btock on tho farm." Dcsiro of farmers and ranchers to Increaso their sheep holdings, is indi cated by tho solo of 2,500 head re cently at $0.00 each. High wool prices and profitable demand for mut ton are tho reason given for such a figure. Manitoba sheep breeders arranged last year" for the Provincial Depart ment of Agriculture to handle their wpol output on n co-operative basis and obtained most satisfactory results. About 75,000 lbs. of wool wero han dled, netting the shippers over 25c perlb. AdvorMaf""ont. INDIANS IN HIGH POSITION Members of Parker Family Havo Proved Themselveo Capable In Places of Responsibility. Foremost among tho "red bloods" aro tho Parkers father and son. They corao of a lino of distinguished ancestors, of the Seneca trible of the Iroquois stock. Frederick E. Parker, .the father, is a nephew of. Gen. Ell Parker, Grant's military secretary and the co-worker of Lewis II. Morgan. He is a man of fine presence nnd attain ments. A resident of White Plains, N. Y., ho has been a patent factor foi clean government nnd social reform in his community. Mr. Parker holds tho responsible position of statlstlcan In the department of revenue of the Now York Central railroad, having chargo of all ofilces, Including moro than a thousand agents, between Chi cago nnd New York. Tho son, Arthur O. Parker, a bril liant young archeologlst, slnco his ap pointment to tho New York State mu seum, has practically created a new nrchcologlcal museum. lie Is a writer of note, editor general of tho American Indian Magazine, a member of tho American Ethnological and Sociologi cal societies, tho 1010 medalist of Chicago University for Indian research and ono of tho ten American archcolo glsts appointed to the Pan-American Scientific congress. Christian Herald. In the Confusion. "Thero was considerable confusion In tho cafe last night when the lights went out. Didn't I see you at a table?" "Yes, I waB there." "Some fellows got kisses In the darkness." "I got a check for six dollars. Some body switched checks on me. My own wan for two." SUCCESS WITH GEESE ! Toulouse and Emden Are the Most Popular Breeds. Low, Rough Pasture Land, Containing Natural Water Supply Will Prove Satisfactory Demand and Prices Are Good. Tho Toulouse and Emden nre tho most popular breeds of geese In this country. The Toulouse Is the largest breed, tho adult gander and goose weighing 25 and 20 pounds, respective ly, while the stnndnrd weights of the Emden nro20 nnd 18 pounds. Geese can bo raised In smnll num bers successfully nnd at n profit on many forms where thero Is low, rough pnsturo land containing n natural sup ply of water. Tho mnrkct for geese Is not so general as for chickens, but tho demand and prices aro especially good In sections where gooso fattening Is conducted. Geese need only n house during cold or stormy weather, when an open Bhcd should bo provided. Ono gander Is mated with from ono to three geese, Trio of Toulouse. and the matlngs aro not changed from year to year unless they prove unsat isfactory. When mated, they are al lowed to run together In flocks, Tou louso and Emden geese will breed when about two years old. Tho females nro usually kept until they nru from twelve to fourteen years old, or ns long ns they lay well. Sex Is difficult to distinguish, especially In young geese. Tho gander Is usually some what larger and coarser than the gooso nnd has a leaner, longer neck, nnd u larger head. The sex Is sometimes de tcrmlncd by a critical examination or by tho action of the geese at mating time. Large boxes, barrels, or shelters nro provided as nests for geese, or they aro allowed to make nests on tho floor of tho house. The eggs should bo col lected dally and kept In a cool place. The first eggs aro usually set under hens, while the last ones which tho gooso lays may be hatched either un der hens or under the goose If she "goes broody." If tho eggs nro not removed from tho nest where the gooso Is laying, she will usuully stop laying sooner thnn If they aro taken away. Tho period of Incubation of gooso eggs varies from 28 to 30 days, Moisture mny be added after the first week by sprinkling the eggs or the nests with warm water. Goose eggs hatch slowly, especially under hens, nnd tho goslings nro usually removed ns soon ns hntched nnd kept In a warm place until tho hatching Is completed ARRANGING HIVES FOR BEES Construction Makes It Possible to Drive Insects From One Hive to Other When Desired. In tho figure nro shown two bee hives and n passage nt the bottom. These hives have tho ordinary entry hples nnd nlso u chuto near tho top and a connecting passage near tho hot torn. This construction mnkes It pos Bible to drive tho bees from ono hive Handy Arrangement of Hives. to tho other when It Is desired to re move tho honey. If, for exnmplv, tho right hand hive Is full und we Jeslro to remove tho honey, wo con nect It with an empty hive on tho left: closo the entry holes; and Introduce smoke slowly through the right-hand chute. Tho bees then move to tho left-hand hlvo nnd tho honey enn ho removed In snfety. Farmers Mall nnd Breeze. TO GET FINE STRAWBERRIES Some Growers Keep All Runners Cut Off by Hand After September Others Use a Disk. For extra flno (strawberries somo growers keep all runners cut off by hand after September. This Is an Im possible job on largo areas. Bettor uso a disk on tho sides of the row to keep tho runners cut off nfter Scptem her 1. A little later In tho season. when the plants have ceased to mako runners to nny extent, uso n shnrp hoc, cutting straight across tho row, cut ting put tho larger proportion of tho plants, leaving plants thick enough for nil fruiting purposes. eft fV - I- J L -I- 4 L treatment o.f tree wounds Uso oh Whlto Lead, Zinc, Yellow Ochro and Other Materials Said to Be Detrimental. Itvcunt experiments conducted by tho Now York station tend to contradict tho generally ncceptod opinion of fruit growers regarding tho advisability of treating wounds caused by the removnl of branches from trees. From tho results of this work It is concluded that the use of whlto lend, white zinc, yellow ochre, coal tnr, nnd shellnc for wounds tinder five Inches In diameter is not only useless but us ually detrimental to the tree. This la particularly true of peaches and per haps of other stono fruits. The substances mentioned retarded tho healing of tho wounds; whlto lead proved tho best, hut It is not thought worth whllo to uso oven white lend on wounds two or three Inches or less In diameter, though It may bo ndvls nblo to uso It on wounds where very lnrgo brunches havo been removed. On tho larger wounds, where much surfneo Is exposed, tho whlto lead helps to keep out moisture nud organ isms which causo decay. Tho snmllet wounds henl so quickly that tho evil effects of covering mny moro than off set the benefits derived from Its uso. SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY WORM uook Out When Hog Apparently Suf. fers Paralysis of Hind Parts and Inability to Rise. Symptoms of kidney worms In hogs nro the Imperfect nso of tho hind legs, Inclination to He down, a seeming par alysls of tho hind pnrts-and Inability to rlso on tho hind feet According to somo authorities tho kidney worm Is not common among hogs though oc casionally ono or two hogs In n herd mny suffer from Its presence. It Is not found In tho substance of tho kidney but in tho hollow portion, In which tho secretion of urine takes place. What is said to bo n certain cure Is to pour n tnblespoonful of turpentine across tho loins or smnll of tho back, dally for several duys. Another rem edy Is to mix and feed In the night's meal for three dnys ono tenspoonful of sulphnto of Iron (copperas) nnd one tenspoonful of sulphur. Sometimes n longer treatment Is necessary. Corn soaked In lye made from wood ashes has been used with success at tho first appearance of the complaint. HANDY DEVICE AROUND FARM Contrivance Shown In Illustration If Useful In Cleaning Ditches and Terracing Hillsides. The device fjliown In tho Illustration Is used for cleaning ditches, terracing hillsides, nnd slmllnr work. It con sists of n heavy front cutting edge Ditch Cleaner. nnd two wings which have sharp horf zoutal cutting edges nnd which can be placed nt different angles. It Is guided by means of two handles. Wisconsin Agriculturist. PURPOSE OF RIPENING CREAM Fundamentally That Giving Butter Desired Flavor It Increases Ef ficlency of Churning. Tho purposo of ripening crenir. 1 fundnmentnlly that of giving tho but tor tho desired flavor nnd nromn, nut, In addition, It Increases the ruse and clllclency of churning. Cream j ripened In ono of two ways: First, It sours or ripens as n resull of the action of bacteria which nre normally present In milk nnd cream; or, Second, It ripens ns n result of ac tion of n certain kind of bacterid which nro added to what is termed n "starter." CHINCH BUG MAY BE TRAPPED If Insect Goes From Wheat to Corn, It May Be Captured In Ditches Also Use Oil Barrier. The chinch bug sucks tho Juices of corn, wheat, sorghums and other plants of the grass family. They may be trapped In dusty ditches. If they go from wheat to corn, or In rainy weather an oil or tnr barrier may he necessary. If they get to the corn, spray It with sonnsuds. emulsion, or tohncco solutions. The clump-forming grosses uy roadsides and In waste lands nay bo burned In Into fall and early winter to kill chinch hugs which collect thero for tho winter. MAKING BEST PRUNING CUTS Method of Much Importance When Working on Apple Trees Stubs Will Not Permit Healing. Tho method of cutting when prun Ing applo trees is very important. Tho best udvico Is to cut every branch, whether largo or small, as close au posslblo to tho part from which It Is tuken. Never lenvo stubs, for' stubs will not permit tho healing over of tho wounds, hut mny Induco decay. Mako nil cuts smooth aud closo. BETTER ROADS IN MICHIGAN Improvement of Right Kind Making Profit of 125 Per Cent In Wayno County Upkeep Is Less. Money spent In road improvement of tho right kind Is making a profit of 125 per cent a year In Wayno county, Michigan. Tho county spent $2,000,000 on con struction nnd maintenance during tho eight yenrs from 1000 to 1014, Inclu sive, and in this period tho assessed valuation of property In tho county, outsldo of tho city of Detroit, in creased from $02,707,000 to $114,548, 120, or 82.0 per cent. Of this Increnso 35 per cent, or $22, 000,000, Is credited to road Improve ment, bocauso tho assessed valuation of Detroit Increased only 47.7 per cent. Tho Increase in county valuation above tho rato of Increase In tho city was cloven times the cost of road work, or 1,000 per cent profit in eight years on the total investment in im proved roads. Moro thnn 125 miles of concrete rond have been put down by tho Wayno county commissioners slnco tho county system was adopted In 1000 nnd the roads built with tho $2,000,000 bond issue nro still In good condition nnd give every promlso of moro than outliving the bonds. Tho commissioners stnto in thclt ninth annual report for last year that they never hnve had to tako up and replace n single 25-foot section since Good Roado In Michigan. dioy have been developing this typo of rond, nlthough somo of tho ronds havo been down more than seven years. Every mllo of durable 'roads laid Is cutting down tho cost of upkeep. Last year tho commissioners hnd 45 miles moro roadway to enro for than tho year before, 7ct they spent $5,178 less for maintenance, notwlthstnndlng they havo supervision over 1,245 miles of other types of road, such ns macadam aud gravel,' outside of Incorporated cities and vlllHges. It Is estimated that 00 per cent of tho traffic In the county Is carried on 20 per cent of tho iond mllengo and that concrcto construction should bo continued until thero nro nbout 350 miles of such roads. LOCATION IS OF IMPORTANCE Most Farmers Would Rather Live 8lx Mlies on Hard Road Than Three on Muddy One. From u study of 050 farmsjn John son county of that stnto. tho"Mlssourl experiment station concludes that lo cation Is moro Important than crop yield ns n factor In land values. Hero nro tho figures: Seventy-nlno farms within two miles of market averaged In valuo $78.80 per aero; 183 farms, two to four miles from market, $70.20 per acre ; 120 farms, four to six miles from market, $00.00; 113 farms, six to eight miles from market, $53.20, nnd 140 farms, over eight miles from mnr kct, averaged $55,00 per acre. An un mentloned hut lmpornint factor Is con dition of tho road. Wero theso farms located on hard ro "ds or on dirt ronds Inclined to .be heavy In wet seasons? Most folk would rather llvo six miles out on n permanent hard road than only half as far on n muddy road. Let us havo moro light on this Interesting question. Farmers' llevlew. Attention to New Road. Wfcen n pleco of, permanent road Is finished It Is n biff mistake to let it go without frequent attention. It be gins nt onco to deteriorate through wear nnd weather, and if neglected it will bo only n few yenrs beforo It will require an expensive rebuilding. It la economy to employ a "rond builder whoso duty It Is to glvo tho roads a weekly mending. Makes Qood Road Booster. Tho auto mnkes a kicker Into a good road booster. it s 4 ' florkulkdl j Ac vice 5 RENEW OLD STRAWBERRY BEE Young Plant Should Be Given Chanc to Develop Heaviest Crop From First Fruiting. (By 13. P. 8ANDSTEN, Colorado Aprl cultural Colleco, Fort Collins, Colo.) As soon ns tho picking season l over, tho strawberry bed Bhould he mowed nnd raked off. Tho dead leaves around the old crowns should nlso bo removed nnd burned. Tlu rows nro generally crowded with plants In tho center, nnd theso Bhould bo thlnno'd out nnd tho rest thoroughlj cultlvnted with tho hoe. Then the beds should bo given n coating of well rotted barnyard manuro worked Into tho ground, and n liberal supply of water applied. In many cases whoro tho rows are heavily mnttcd nud tho young plnnts Wide Hedgerow System. have token root between tho rows, II h? advisable Jo plow up tho center ol tho rows, leaving the younger plant to form tho new row. Strawberry plnnts produce tho heavi est nt tho first season's fruiting nud dccllno very rapidly nfter that time. For this reason, it Is ndvlsnblo to re- movo tho old plants and glvo the younger ones n clinnco to develop. The old plants can easily bo told from the young plnnts by the roots. Old ylants havo dark-colored roots, whllo young plnnts havo light-colored. Also, the crowns of tho old plunts become black nnd elongated, whllo on tho young plnnts tho crowns nro short nnd light colored. Good fruit growers will ordinarily not fruit the beds moro thnn two sea sons, It being cheaper und moro profit. nblo to set out n new bed. Jut whero only limited ground Is to ho hnd, tho renovating system nbove described can bo utilized to advnntage. SOIL FOR THE BUSH FRUITS Rich Clay Loam Recommended for Gooseberries and Currants Sand Should Be Avoided. Gooseberries and currants nro very much nllko und whatever Iff said of-tho ono Is also applicable to tho other. A rich clay loam Is best for them, nnd tho exposuro of tho pluntatlon should ho toward tho north, If possible, ns tho ground on such an exposuro does not dry out as quickly ns nny other ex posiuro. Sand should ulso be avoided. In setting out n plantation, tho cut tlnys should bo not less than eight Inches long, and pluced vertically In tho soil, which should bo mado very rich with rotten stable manure. RABBIT TRAP MADE OF TILE Tee, Having Smaller Opening, Is Set In Ground With Large End Pro jectingCover Provided. Itnbblts mgy bo trapped In order to rid grounds of them, or for food pur. posm, by tho use of tho tllo trap shown In tho Illustration. A tee, having it smaller opening of six Inches, Is set By Closing Smaller Opening Rabbit May Be Trapped nnd Removed at Cover. In tho ground with tho largo end pro Jectlng. Itocks nro placed around It and It Is provided with u cover. Scv ernl extensions aro attached to tha elx-lnch opening and tho end permit ted to project slightly from tho ground. Itocks nro ulso placed about this opening. The rabbit enters tho trap at tho small opening and Is free to como nud go from the burrow. Ity closing tho small opening, tho quarry may ho tnken out at the largo open ing. Popular Mechanics Mouthly. nrnfl T.5 Women as well as TV uw a men nr0 ir.iido mlser- TO n,,'e l,y kianey and lilfiflflar trrttililj. Thrill RT.ATVTP. nanas recommend rr noot the Krcat kldnoy remedy. At drtiu- Kisia in nuy-coni una donnr pize. you mny receive a sample, Blzo liottlo by far eel Tost, nlso pamphlet tolling nbout It. Auarcis ur. juimpr & jo., iiinnnmton, N. Y.. nnd enclose ten cents, also ti.cntlon this paper. WHY NOT TRY PQPHANTS ASTHMA MEDICINE aires Frorapt nnd PoaUIro Relief In Brer Oaie. Sold by DniRglsta. rrlco 11.00. Trial Puckago by Mall 10c WILLIAMS MF8. CO., Prep. Mm, I. Alfalfa lit, Rwet CTnrnr t Farm for oftlo and rent ou crop bj tnonu. J. UUIOIAI.L, Boo City, Iowa REFRESHMENTS WERE ON HIM Wall Street Man, Aptly Designated by Smart Youngster, Had to Acknowledge a Hit! Snmuel O'Kccfe, n retired Wall street man, is almost n dally visitor at tho Hospitat for Joint Dlscnp.es, One Hundred nnd Twonty.-Fourth strcot nnd Madison avenue, New York, where n friend Is receiving treatment. There nro many invalid children nt tho hos pital nnd Mr. O'Kocfo often takes thcra candy, and on ono mcmornblo occa sion imported a consignment of char lotto russe. A day or two following tho charlotte russo festival ho visited tho children's ward again, nnd was greeted by loud shouts of approval. Hip arrival wna first noted by a llttlo boy, snld by tho nurses to bo "as smart as n whip," who shouted gleefully: "Oh, look I Hero comes tho char lotte rooster 1" Under tho circumstances Mr. O'Kcefo felt that any further refresh ments ought to bo "on him." Shrewd Purchasing. Llttlo soven-ycnr-old Fred, who lives In ono of Znnesvlllo's suburbs, had been tilling vnnd his mother decided thut ho needed a doso of castor oil. Fred was told that If ho wero to tako the castor M1 without complaint, ho would got C cents to spend for can dy. Then his-mother sent him to tho cor ner drug storo with 15 cents 10 cents for the oil nnd 5 cents for candy. Arriving nt tho drug storo, Fred de cided to buy tho sweetmeats first, and told tho clerk that ho wanted n nickel's worth of candy. 'What kind of candy do you want?" asked the clerk. "Glmmo tho kind you got tho most for n nickel," answered Fred. Tho clerk compiled, nnd then Fred said, rather reluctantly: "Now glmmo somo custor oil, I wnnt tho kind you get tho least for a dlmo." Compulsory. Itenr Admiral Peary, at a Washing ton tea, talked about his recent Long Bench Hying trip, when ho fell 1,200 feet Into tho wnter without knowing It "I wnsn't frightened," ho said. "I thought that our swift descent was a pleco of fancy flying. I nm, In fact, as Ignorant of nviatlon as tho llttlo boy was Ignorant of history. '"Dcscrlbo tho Order of the Bath,' his teachor asked this llttlo boy. "'It's very ancient,' ho nnswerefi. 'It goes back to tho tlmo when thoy didn't tako no baths except by ordor.1 " Kisses on the Sly. "Wo Plunkvillo girls agreed that men who drink shall havo nono of our kisses." "How Is It working?" "Wo suspect that somo of tho girl nre noting ns osculntory bootleggers so to speak." Louisville Courlor Journnl. Now York In May started 220 now buildings, valued at $30,237,805. Tea and Coffee For Children? These beverages contain drug elements that hinder development of both body and mind, especially in children. Nowadays, for their chil-. dren, wise parents choose P0STUM This delicious table bev erage, made of cereals, has a wonderfully satisfying flavor a flavor much like the higher grades of coffee (but without any of cof fee's harm.) Postum is a true, pure food-drink that has helped thousands to forget the coffee habit "There's a Reason" Grocers everywhere sell POSTUM